Norman J. Whitney Papers
Held at: Swarthmore College Peace Collection [Contact Us]500 College Avenue, Swarthmore 19081-1399
This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the Swarthmore College Peace Collection. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.
Overview and metadata sections
Norman Jehiel Whitney (1891-1967) was a Quaker teacher, writer and devoted peace worker. From 1919-1957, he taught English at Syracuse University (New York), during which time he helped establish and directed for many years the Syracuse Peace Council. He left Syracuse in 1957 to work for the American Friends Service Committee (AFSC) in peace education.
Whitney's major peace work was in the area of counseling conscientious objectors to war (COs), particularly those in Civilian Public Service (CPS) camps. In 1941 he helped establish the New York State Board for Civilian Public Service, which attempted to counsel and assist Conscientious Objectors in New York state. Whitney also served in various positions with the American Friends Service Committee, including Field Representative for New York and New England, National Secretary for Peace Eduction, and as Peace Consultant. His activities sometimes overlapped, and this collection of papers reflects those often dual roles. In the 2001 reprocessing of the papers, it was often difficult to discern which entity Whitney was associated with at the time a particular folder was created, so that the organizing designations used below should be not be considered as entirely definite.
Correspondents include Stephen G. Cary, Harrop A. Freeman, Paul Comley French, Paul J. Furnas, Philip E. Jacob, Abraham Kaufman, Evan W. Thomas, Robert S. Vogel, Mildred C. Whitney, Harold P. Winchester, and many American Friends Service Committee staff members.
This collection consists mostly of Whitney's files on his work for conscientious objectors and the Civilian Public Service system in the 1940s.
Gift of his sister Mildred C. Whitney, the Syracuse Peace Council & the American Friends Service Committee.
Collection reprocessed & checklist revised by Anne Yoder in November, 2001; this finding aid was prepared by Chloe Lucchesi- Malone in August, 2009.
A set of "Spectator Papers," edited by Whitney (from January 1943 until his death in 1967) was removed to the Periodical Collection. This set is not complete.
- New York State Board for Civilian Public Service
- Civilian Public Service
- American Friends Service Committee
- Metropolitan Board for Conscientious Objectors
- Pacifist Research Bureau
- Syracuse Peace Council
- Pacifists -- United States -- History -- Sources
- Conscientious Objectors -- United States -- History -- Sources
- Conscientious objection -- United States -- History -- Sources
- Peace -- Societies, etc. -- History -- Sources
- World War, 1939-1945 -- Conscientious Objectors -- Sources
- Pacifism -- History -- Sources
- War -- Moral and ethical aspects -- History -- Sources
- Quakers -- United States -- History -- Sources
- Quakers -- Societies, etc. -- History -- Sources
- Peace -- Study and teaching -- History -- Sources
- Draft resisters -- United States -- History -- Sources
- Peace -- Research -- History -- Sources
- Swarthmore College Peace Collection
- Access Restrictions
Researchers using the materials in this collection must sign a form agreeing to anonymize personal information in any publications. This restriction is in place until January 1, 2025. For more information, contact the Swarthmore College Peace Collection at firstname.lastname@example.org.
All or part of this collection is stored off-site. Contact Swarthmore College Peace Collection staff at email@example.com at least two weeks in advance of visit to request boxes.
- Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendents, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
- Use Restrictions
Edited by Whitney.
Edited by Whitney.
Includes material on Dominic Ruffo.
Notes by Whitney? by Harold Sullivan?
Most of the names provided by the National Religious Service Board for Religious Objectors (NSBRO).
File of M. DeLine.
Includes material on the relationship with National Service Board for Religious Objectors (NSBRO) and the Fellowship of Reconciliation.
Edited by Norman Whitney.
Includes monthly letters to regional offices.
Card file box.