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Martha Schofield Papers

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Held at: Friends Historical Library of Swarthmore College [Contact Us]500 College Avenue, Swarthmore, Pennsylvania 19081

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the Friends Historical Library of Swarthmore College. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Overview and metadata sections

Martha Fell Schofield was born Feb. 1, 1839, near Newtown, Bucks County, PA. She was the daughter of Oliver W. Schofield and Mary (Jackson) Schofield who were married at Darby Meeting in 1834. Both her parents were involved in a number of reform activities, including abolition, temperance, women's rights, and improved education. The family included twin older sisters, Sarah Jane and Lydia, born 1835, a brother, Benjamin, born 1837, and Eliza, a younger sister born in 1840. Of the four sisters, only Sarah Jane married, to Samuel Shinn Ash.

Martha was educated at the schools at Newtown and Byberry and the Sharon Female Seminary in Darby, Pa., which was operated by their mother's brother, John Jackson, and his wife, Rachel. Martha began her own career in teaching at age eighteen at Bayside, Long Island, N.Y., where her aunt, Eliza (Jackson) Bell, lived. She also taught in Harrison, Westchester Co., N.Y., in a school connected with Purchase Monthly Meeting.

In 1865 Martha Schofield went to the islands off the coast of South Carolina to help educate the newly freed African Americans. She found the malarial conditions devastating to her health and moved inland to Aiken, South Carolina, where she founded what became the Schofield Normal and Industrial School in 1868.

The School was partially supported by the Pennsylvania Friends Relief Association, headquartered in Germantown, Pa., and was headed by Sarah Fisher Corlies (sister of Deborah F. Wharton) and Elizabeth Dorsey. The School received some state aid for a number of years. By 1882 there were over 200 pupils, and in that year, the School was incorporated.

Need for financial aid were constant through the years, and a number of people from the Hicksite branch of Philadelphia and New York Yearly Meetings supported the school. By 1883 there were over 400 pupils who, in addition to their education, were taught a trade. In 1884 a boarding department was opened, as well as a student aid fund. In 1887 Edward Hicks Magill and Howard M. Jenkins of Swarthmore College were among those serving on the Board of Managers, and the school house was partitioned into a dormitory for boys. In 1890, the Deborah F. Wharton Industrial Hall, with half of the cost donated with by her sons, was completed.

By 1910 the school occupied two entire blocks of the town of Aiken, with three large brick buildings, two large frame buildings, and various other improvements. In addition, the school owned a 280 acre farm three miles outside of Aiken with its buildings. The running expenses were principally made up by annual gifts from voluntary subscribers. With the exception of the headmaster or headmistress and Martha Schofield, who served as Business Manager, all departments heads and teachers were black graduates of the School.

The night before the School was to celebrate the 77th birthday of its founder, Martha Schofield died in her sleep. She died in February 1, 1916 in Aiken, S. C., and is buried in the Darby Friends burial ground in Darby, Pa.. The Schofield School was absorbed into the public school system in 1952.

This collection contains biographical information, personal correspondence (1856-1916), and writings (primarily diaries, 1858-1903) by Martha Schofield, a Pennsylvania teacher who taught free blacks in South Carolina and founded the Schofield Normal and Industrial School in Aiken, S.C. Also included are financial and legal papers and School bulletins, annual reports, and some other papers. Among the correspondents are Martha Schofield's extended family and Susan B. Anthony.

The collection is divided into eight series:

  1. Biographical and genealogical materials
  2. Correspondence
  3. Writings
  4. Financial and legal papers
  5. Shoefield Normal and Industrial School
  6. Memorabilia
  7. Clippings
  8. Pictures

Donors: Eleanor Jenkins Zendt and James L. and Herbert Dresser, 1980, 1985

The collection was preserved by Martha Schofield's niece, Mary Schofield Ash who married George H. Jenkins. It was given to Friends Historical Library by her daughter Eleanor Jenkins Zendt and the family of her daughter, Elizabeth Jenkins Dresser.

Partially processed by Katherine Smedley Yelling who used the papers in writing a biography of Martha Schofield, published 1987. The collection was re-foldered and a new finding aid produced in 2009. The pictures were removed to PA 142.

Publisher
Friends Historical Library of Swarthmore College
Finding Aid Author
FHL staff
Finding Aid Date
1980
Sponsor
Encoding made possible by a grant by the Gladys Kriebel Delmas Foundation to the Philadelphia Consortium of Special Collections Libraries
Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

The bulk of this collection has been digitized and is available in our Digital Library. Explore this collection online.

Use Restrictions

Some of the items in this collection may be protected by copyright. The user is solely responsible for making a final determination of copyright status. If copyright protection applies, permission must be obtained from the copyright holder or their heirs/assigns to reuse, publish, or reproduce relevant items beyond the bounds of Fair Use or other exemptions to the law. See http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/UND/1.0/.

Collection Inventory

A00180696. Biographical and genealogical notes on Martha Schofield and associates, approximately 1900-2000.
Box 1
Scope and Contents

6 pages. Biographical/genealogical notes on friends/associates mentioned in Martha Schofield's correspondence, including Sarah "Sadie" Mott Brouwer Bartram, "Aunt Dinah Mendenhall" (1807-1889), Samuel John Entriken (1862-), and others.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Biography; Genealogy; Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878

A00181091. Martha Schofield biographical sketch, 1939-01-30.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Brief biographical sketch of Martha Schofield, with an emphasis on her work as an educator of African Americans. Typed with no author listed.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Biography; Women in education; Women teachers; African Americans--Education; African American schools; African Americans--Services for; Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.)

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.); Wadmalaw Island (S.C.)

A00181863. Martha Schofield centennial anniversary celebration, 1939.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Mary Schofield Ash Jenkins was the niece of Martha Schofield. She writes about the life and legacy of Martha Schofield, with a focus on her work to educate African Americans. Describes the Schofield School's celebration of Martha Schofield's 100th birthday.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Biography; Women in education; Women teachers; African Americans--Education; African American schools; African Americans--Services for; Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.)

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00181092. Notes on Martha Schofield, approximately 1900-1945.
Scope and Contents

23 pages. Handwritten and typed biographical/genealogical notes on Martha Schofield.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Biography

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00181094. G. Herbert Jenkins letter to the Friends' Intelligencer, 1916-03-27.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. G. Herbert Jenkins was married to Martha Schofield's niece, Mary Schofield Ash Jenkins. Jenkins praises Martha Schofield's work educating African Americans, discusses her legacy, and appeals to people to provide aid to the Schofield School.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Women in education; Women teachers; African Americans--Education; African American schools; African Americans--Services for; Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.)

Relevant locations: Gwynedd (Pa.)

A00181128. "The Story of a Bucks County Maiden - Martha Schofield", 1939-1940.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Brief biographical sketch of Martha Schofield, with an emphasis on her work as an educator of African Americans. Written around the 100th anniversary of Schofield's birth.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Biography; Women in education; Women teachers; African Americans--Education; African American schools; Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.)

Relevant locations: Bucks County (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.); Wadmalaw Island (S.C.)

A00181129. Martha Schofield astrograph, 1901-01-01.
Scope and Contents

11 pages. Personality profile of Martha Schofield based on the letters of her name. Written by a woman who claimed to have supernatural powers. Page 8 is missing.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Parapsychology; Psychic readings

Relevant locations: Roxbury (Boston, Mass.)

A00180699. "Martha Schofield: Servant of the Least," by Mary S. Patterson, 1944.
Box 1
Scope and Contents

33 pages. Biography of Martha Schofield, with an emphasis on her work as an educator of African Americans. Page 6 was blank and not scanned.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Biography; Women in education; Women teachers; African Americans--Education; African American schools; African Americans--Services for; Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.); African American schools

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.); Wadmalaw Island (S.C.)

A00181864. "Scenes in the Life of Martha Schofield," a short play by Elizabeth Jenkins Dresser, approximately 1916-1990.
Box 1
Scope and Contents

4 pages. A short play about Martha Schofield's life, focusing on her philanthropic work aiding and educating African Americans. Written by her great-niece Elizabeth Jenkins Dresser. The dialogue is from the letters and diaries of Martha Schofield.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Biography; Abolitionists; Antislavery movements; African Americans--Education; Underground Railroad; African Americans--Services for; Women in education; Women teachers; Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.)

Relevant locations: Bucks County (Pa.); Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00180698. Scattered Seeds issue honoring Martha Schofield, Vol. 48 No. 10, 1916-10.
Box 1
Scope and Contents

24 pages. "Scattered Seeds" was a magazine for Quaker children. This volume begins at page 218. The cover features a photograph of Martha Schofield as a child, and a brief biographical sketch of her on the second page describes her family's participation in the Underground Railroad and her work teaching African Americans. The rest of the volume contains short stories, poems, and letters to the editor.

Subjects: Philadelphia Yearly Meeting of Friends (Hicksite : 1827-1955); Periodicals; Children's periodicals; Schofield, Martha; Biography; Abolitionists; Antislavery movements; African Americans--Education; Underground Railroad; Women in education; Women teachers

Relevant locations: Swarthmore (Pa.)

A00180697. "Martha Schofield, Pioneer Negro Educator," by Dr. Matilda A. Evans, 1916.
Box 1
Scope and Contents

128 pages. Biography of Martha Schofield titled "Martha Schofield, Pioneer Negro Educator: Historical and Philosophical Review of Reconstruction Period of South Carolina" and written by Dr. Matilda Evans. Evans was the first licensed African American woman doctor in South Carolina; she was a graduate of Schofield Industrial School, and Martha Schofield became her mentor.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Biography; Women in education; Women teachers; African Americans--Education; African American schools; African Americans--Services for; Quaker women

Relevant locations: Columbia (S.C.)

Scope and Contents

From sister Lydia Schofield, Sadie Brouwer, cousin Martha Humphreys, about Martha teaching in N.Y. From Rebecca Shinn Ash to Samuel Ash.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00181130. Rebecca Shinn Ash letter to Samuel Shinn Ash, 1856.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Samuel Shinn Ash married Martha Schofield's sister, Sarah Jane Schofield Ash, and Rebecca Ash was his mother. Possibly written while Samuel Ash was attending school. Discusses recent events and news surrounding family and friends.

Subjects: Ash, Samuel S. (Samuel Shinn), 1829-1911

Relevant locations: Norristown (Pa.)

A00181131. Sadie Brouwer Bartram letter to Martha Schofield, 1857-1869.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Fragment. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Discusses recent events and news concerning family and friends. Mentions attending Quaker Meetings. Discusses her relationship and correspondence with Schofield, whom she misses.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Personal correspondence; Female friendship

A00181132. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1859-1865.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Fragment. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Discusses her opinions about marriage.

Subjects: Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878; Marriage

A00181133. Lydia A. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1857-02-26.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Lydia Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. Discusses recent events and news concerning family and friends, including a party attended by abolitionists Robert Purvis, Harriet Purvis, and Cyrus Whitson. Asks after Martha's new job teaching in Bayside, New York; briefly discusses her own work as a teacher. Reminisces about their deceased father.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Schofield, Oliver W. (Oliver Wilson), 1806-1852; Women teachers; Women in education

Relevant locations: Bristol (Pa.); Bayside (New York, N.Y.)

A00181134. Martha Humphreys letter to Martha Schofield, 1857-03-10.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Martha Wilson Humphreys (b. 1832) was Martha Schofield's cousin. Discusses recent events and news concerning family and friends.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Norristown (Pa.)

A00181135. Lydia A. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1857-04-06.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. Lydia Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. Details her new living conditions and teaching position in Allentown, New Jersey. Discusses news concerning family and friends, including their brother, Benjamin Schofield.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Personal correspondence; Women teachers; Women in education; Spiritualism; Schofield, Benjamin, 1837-1879

Relevant locations: Allentown (N.J.)

A00181136. Hannah Wilson letter to Martha Schofield, 1857-08-06.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Hannah Wilson was Martha Schofield's cousin. Discusses recent events and news concerning family friends.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Plymouth Meeting (Pa.)

A00181137. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1857-04-15.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Writing is faded. Discusses acting as the temporary Mistress of Darby friends School, her love of nature, and recounts playing pranks on friends.

Subjects: Women teachers; Women in education; Nature; Practical jokes

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00181138. Sarah Jane Ash and Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield, 1857-12-08.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Written by Martha Schofield's sister and mother, respectively. They discuss recent events and news concerning family and friends. Sallie (Sarah Jane) describes her work as a teacher.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Personal correspondence; Women teachers; Women in education

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

Scope and Contents

From brother Ben Schofield, Aunt Eliza Bell. Death of Janie, John Brown, sister Sarah (Sallie) Schofield's marriage to Samuel Ash, farewell address to students in July 1859.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00181139. Benjamin Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1858-02-17.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Benjamin Schofield was Martha Schofield's brother. Discusses the sale of their old Pine Grove home, his work on the farm, and the romantic drama of a servant girl. Looks forward to Martha returning from New York where she has been living with relatives and working as a teacher.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Plymouth Meeting (Pa.); Flushing (New York, N.Y.)

A00181140. Eliza H. Bell letter to Martha Schofield, 1858-05-14.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Eliza H. Bell was Martha Schofield's maternal aunt. Discusses the recent death of her daughter Jane Hough Bell (1843-1858) and references her other deceased daughter Mary Christy Bell (1845-1854). Mentions an upcoming marriage

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Personal correspondence; Death; Bereavement; Marriage

Relevant locations: Bayside (New York, N.Y.); Harrison (N.Y.)

A00181141. Benjamin Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1858-10-30.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Benjamin Schofield was Martha Schofield's brother. Apologizes for not writing to her more frequently. Discusses recent events and news concerning family and friends.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Personal correspondence; Letter writing

Relevant locations: Plymouth Meeting (Pa.); Harrison (N.Y.)

A00181142. Jane Jackson Price letter to Martha Schofield, 1858-12-12.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Jane Jackson Price was Martha Schofield's maternal aunt. Written from Willow Vale. Discusses the her health, the correspondence between Schofield and her family, Schofield's work as a teacher in Harrison, New York, and news concerning family and friends.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Harrison (N.Y.); Darby (Pa.)

A00181143. Sarah J. Price Forsythe letter to Martha Schofield, 1858-12-12.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Sarah "Sallie" Price Forsythe was Martha Schofield's cousin. Discusses recent events and news concerning family and friends.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Harrison (N.Y.)

A00181144. Eliza H. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1859-02-28.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. Eliza Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. Discusses recent events and news concerning family and friends.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Bayside (New York, N.Y.); Harrison (N.Y.)

A00181145. Jane J. Satterthwait and Eliza H. Bell letter to Martha Schofield, 1859-06-26.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Jane "Jennie" J. Satterthwait was Martha Schofield's cousin and Eliza H. Bell was Schofield's aunt. They discuss recent events and news concerning family and friends. Bell encourages her to come home from New York where she has been working as a teacher.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Bayside (New York, N.Y.); Harrison (N.Y.)

A00181146. Eliza H. Bell letter to Martha Schofield, 1859-12-18.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Eliza H. Bell was Martha Schofield's maternal aunt. Invites Schofield to come live with them for a few months and offers to pay Schofield to tutor her children. Discusses her opinions on John Brown's raid of Harpers Ferry.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Women in education; Women teachers; Brown, John, 1800-1859; John Brown's Raid (Harpers Ferry, West Virginia : 1859); Antislavery movements

Relevant locations: Bayside (New York, N.Y.); Darby (Pa.)

A00181147. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1859-08-16.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Expresses her regret over leaving Harrison, New York, where she had been working as a teacher for the past ten months (Bartram was one of her students). Is staying with relatives in Bayside before traveling the rest of the way home to Darby, Pennsylvania. Discusses recent events.

Subjects: Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878; Women in education; Women teachers; Teacher-student relationships; Female friendship; Travel

Relevant locations: Bayside (New York, N.Y.); Chappaqua (N.Y.); Harrison (N.Y.)

A00181148. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1859-09-15.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Discusses recent events, including attending her cousin's wedding. Briefly discusses her work as a teacher.

Subjects: Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878; Women in education; Women teachers; Weddings

Relevant locations: Chappaqua (N.Y.); Plymouth Meeting (Pa.)

A00181149. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1859-10-16.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Discusses the upcoming marriage of her sister Sarah Jane Ash. Wishes she was still working as a teacher in Harrison, New York (Brouwer was one of her students); looks forward to Brouwer coming to visit her next spring. Will send a paper about the beached whale she recently saw.

Subjects: Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878; Ash, Sarah J. (Sarah Jane), 1835-1912; Women in education; Women teachers; Teacher-student relationships; Weddings

Relevant locations: Harrison (N.Y.); Darby (Pa.)

A00181150. Martha Schofield farewell address, 1859-07-08.
Scope and Contents

17 pages. Martha Schofield's farewell address to her students at the end of the school term. Schofield worked as a teacher in Harrison, New York for a year before returning to her family home in Darby, Pennsylvania.

Subjects: Women in education; Women teachers; Teacher-student relationships

Relevant locations: Harrison (N.Y.)

Scope and Contents

Mostly to and from Sadie Brouwer, also from Elizabeth Jackson, Carrie Willetts, Aunt Jane Price Steamer trip, sister Sallie's son born.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00181151. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1860-01-15.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Discusses recent holiday events and news concerning family and friends. Is waiting to receive correspondence from Brouwer.

Subjects: Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878; Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Harrison (N.Y.); Darby (Pa.)

A00181152. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1860-03-11.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Discusses their correspondence, recent events, and news concerning family and friends. Talks about the importance of education and wishes she could be a student for a few more years.

Subjects: Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878; Personal correspondence; Women--Education; Women in education

Relevant locations: Bayside (New York, N.Y.); Harrison (N.Y.)

A00181153. Emily Hoopes Jackson letter to Mary H. Child and Martha Schofield, 1860-03-21.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Emily Hoopes Jackson was married to Martha Schofield's uncle Halliday Jackson Jr. (1817-1887). Addressed to Martha Schofield and her mother Mary H. Child. Written from Ash Glen. Discusses recent events and news concerning family and friends. Encourages Schofield to attend a lecture by Bayard Taylor.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Child, Mary H. (Mary Hough), 1803-1874; Taylor, Bayard, 1825-1878; Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Flushing (New York, N.Y.)

A00181154. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1860-04-15.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Discusses recent events and news concerning family and friends. Wants Sadie to visit her. Mentions her interest in phrenology.

Subjects: Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878; Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Bayside (New York, N.Y.); Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.)

A00181155. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1860-05-11.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Written from the steamboat Kennebee on which Schofield is traveling with her cousin from New York to Philadelphia. Describes the voyage and her severe sea sickness.

Subjects: Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878; Personal correspondence; Motion sickness

Relevant locations: Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.)

A00181156. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1860-05-28.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Schofield has returned to her family home in Darby, Pennsylvania, and is recovering from seasickness. Discusses her recent social interactions and news concerning family and friends. Asks about the Yearly Meeting that Brouwer attended.

Subjects: Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878; Personal correspondence; Motion sickness

Relevant locations: Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.); Darby (Pa.)

A00181157. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1860-07-03.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Discusses her acquaintances from Harrison, New York, news of family and friends, the correspondence between herself and Brouwer, the Sharon Female Seminary, and recent events.

Subjects: Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878; Personal correspondence; Teacher-student relationships; Women in education; Women teachers; Women--Education

Relevant locations: Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.); Darby (Pa.)

A00181158. Caroline Willetts Frame letter to Martha Schofield, 1860-07-28.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Caroline "Carrie" Willets Frame describes recent events, including her trip to West Point. Says that she is currently the "sole mistress" while Emmie is away, possibly referring to working as a teacher.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Bayside (New York, N.Y.); West Point (N.Y.)

A00181159. Jane Jackson Price letter to Martha Schofield, 1860-08-14.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Jane Jackson Price was Martha Schofield's maternal aunt. Written from Sunny Side. Makes plans to visit with Martha and discusses family and friends.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Pennsbury (Pa. : Township); Darby (Pa.)

A00181160. Sallie R. Bowman letter to Martha Schofield, 1860-10-22.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Sallie R. Bowman was a former classmate and friend of Martha Schofield. Describes a recent storm and a walk in the woods she and her students recently took. Mentions that her sister Mary Mott Bowman has gone to teach in Maryland.

Subjects: Autumn; Outdoor education; Women teachers

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00181161. Jane Jackson Price letter to Martha Schofield, 1860-11-03.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Jane Jackson Price was Martha Schofield's maternal aunt. Written from Sunny Side. Discusses news of friends and family, including Price's weight.

Subjects: Body weight; Sleighing

Relevant locations: Pennsbury (Pa. : Township)

A00181162. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1860-11-25.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Passes on news of friends and family, including the birth of her nephew Oliver Howard Ash. Describes a lyceum she and her friends have been holding. Recently attended a lecture by Anna E. Dickinson, whom she describes in detail. Says that a man recently stole a picture of Bartram while visiting the house.

Subjects: Childbirth; Dickinson, Anna E. (Anna Elizabeth), 1842-1932; Women orators; Lectures and lecturing

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.)

Scope and Contents

To Sadie, from cousin Marietta Ridgway. Reactions to war, return to teaching. W. Oldden Ridgway writes from military camp.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00181198. Catharine H. Truman letter to Martha Schofield, 1860-1865.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Catharine Hickman Truman was the wife of Quaker abolitionist George Truman. Gives Schofield instructions regarding the school where she worked. Explains how Catharine Truman was a distant relative of her husband George.

Subjects: Quakers--Genealogy; Women teachers

A00181199. Marietta Ridgeway Kirk letter to Martha Schofield, 1861-02-22.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Marietta Ridgeway Kirk distant cousin of Martha Schofield's and was the sister of Oldden Ridgeway. Briefly comments on George Washington's birthday and Abraham Lincoln's upcoming inauguration.

Subjects: Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865

Relevant locations: Macon (Ga.); Darby (Pa.)

A00181220. Caroline Willets Frame letter to Martha Schofield, 1860-05-12.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Describes her health. Discusses their friendship, Schofield's popularity with men, and Frame's love of solitude.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Female friendship

Relevant locations: Bayside (New York, N.Y.)

A00181221. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1861-05-10.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Tells Sadie about her new job as a teacher and reassures her she is getting enough clean air for her health. Discusses marriage and the onset of the Civil War. Describes her feelings about the war; says she thinks it is divine punishment for the evils of slavery.

Subjects: United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; Women teachers; Women and war; War--Religious aspects--Society of Friends

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00181222. Letter to Martha Schofield, 1861.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Possibly a fragment. Either written on April 25, 1861 or July 25, 1861. Written by one of the daughters of Schofield's uncle Charles Satterthwaite, likely Ellen Satterthwaite Price. Discusses the onset of the Civil War, the eagerness of many men to go fight, and the work women were doing to prepare supplies. Passes on news of friends and family.

Subjects: United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; Women and war

Relevant locations: New Jersey

A00181223. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1861-07-05.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Fragment. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Describes Fourth of July celebrations and advocates for spending the holiday at charitable work. Discusses the increasingly anti-slavery views of people in the North.

Subjects: United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; Fourth of July celebrations; Slavery

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00181224. Oldden Ridgeway letter to Martha Schofield, 1861-07-14.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Oldden Ridgeway was a distant cousin of Martha Schofield's who joined the Union army during the Civil War. Describes his life at Camp Wayne, including his uniform and his schedule. Hopes Schofield will come visit him.

Subjects: United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; Soldiers

Relevant locations: West Chester (Pa.); Philadelphia (Pa.)

Scope and Contents

To Sadie, from W.O. Ridgway in army, teaching in Philadelphia, friendship with John Bunting.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00181163. Oldden Ridgeway letter to Martha Schofield, 1861-08-08.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Oldden Ridgeway was a distant cousin of Martha Schofield's who joined the Union army during the Civil War. Written from Camp Ridgeway. Discusses his current activities in the army, a planned ambush, and the food. Describes meeting at night with enslaved people, who told the soldiers about locals disloyal to the Union. Tells Schofield he has abstained from alcohol.

Subjects: United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; Soldiers; Slaves

Relevant locations: Flushing (New York, N.Y.); Annapolis Junction (Md.)

A00181188. Oldden Ridgeway letter to Martha Schofield, 1861-08-23.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Oldden Ridgeway was a distant cousin of Martha Schofield's who joined the Union army during the Civil War. Says he has been bedridden with rheumatism. Discusses the military situation and the advance of Confederate troops.

Subjects: United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; Rheumatism--Patients; Soldiers

Relevant locations: Flushing (New York, N.Y.); Annapolis (Md.)

A00181189. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1861-09-17.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Possibly a fragment. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Discusses their relationship and a poem that John Bunting wrote for Schofield.

Subjects: Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878; Female friendship; Poetry; Bunting, John, 1839-1904

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00181191. Oldden Ridgeway letter to Martha Schofield, 1861-09-21.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Oldden Ridgeway was a distant cousin of Martha Schofield's who joined the Union army during the Civil War. Written from Camp Tennally. Describes the state of the war and predicts its future course.

Subjects: United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; Soldiers

Relevant locations: Camp Tennally (Washington, D.C.); Tenleytown (Washington, D.C.); Darby (Pa.)

A00181192. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1861-10-13.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Possibly a fragment. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Talks about her daily commute to her teaching job in Philadelphia. Describes the arrival of autumn and her reading habits. Discusses her close friendship with John Bunting. Describes a concert she recently attended and a lyceum she and her friends hosted. Mentions the marriage of Caroline Willets to Charles Frame.

Subjects: Friendship; Bunting, John, 1839-1904; Books and reading; Concerts; Frame, Carrie Willets (Caroline Willets), 1841-1925

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00181193. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1861.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Fragment. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Discusses the stars, the books she has been reading, and her friendship with John Bunting. Says her cousin Abraham Bell has sent several barrels of apples to Dorothea Dix to give to wounded soldiers.

Subjects: Stars--Religious aspects; Books and reading; Bunting, John, 1839-1904

A00181194. Oldden Ridgeway letter to Martha Schofield, 1861-10-24.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. Oldden Ridgeway was a distant cousin of Martha Schofield's who joined the Union army during the Civil War. Written from Camp Pierpont. Describes the difficulties his rheumatism caused for him on a march. Discusses his views on violence and the death of General Edward Baker.

Subjects: United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; Soldiers; War--Moral and ethical aspects

Relevant locations: Langley (Va.); Darby (Pa.)

A00181195. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1861-11-08.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Possibly a fragment. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Discusses a speech given by Charles Sumner and the role of slavery in the Civil War. Says she has been part of a sewing circle making garments for sick and wounded soldiers.

Subjects: United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; War--Moral and ethical aspects; Women and war

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00181196. Oldden Ridgeway letter to Martha Schofield, 1861-11-25.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Oldden Ridgeway was a distant cousin of Martha Schofield who joined the Union army during the Civil War. Written from Camp Pierpont. Discusses his friendship with Schofield and the emotional support she has given him in the past. He does not expect the war to last much longer.

Subjects: United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; Soldiers; Emotions

Relevant locations: Langley (Va.); Darby (Pa.)

A00181197. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1861-12.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Fragment. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Discusses her commute to work and reflects on the approaching end of the year. Says she recently attended a lecture by Henry Ward Beecher.

Subjects: United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

Scope and Contents

To Sadie. From W.O. Ridgway, a cousin, Carrie Willetts just after her marriage, Sadie. Attending Episcopal church service with friend Anna Barnes, visiting sick, friendship with John Bunting.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00181244. Caroline Willets Frame letter to Martha Schofield, 1862-01-12.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Describes her life since marrying Charles Frame three months earlier, including her daily schedule. Asks Schofield if she is engaged; tells her not to be an old maid.

Subjects: Newlyweds; Marriage

Relevant locations: New York (N.Y.); Darby (Pa.)

A00181245. Ellen Satterthwaite Price letter to Martha Schofield, 1862-01-12.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Ellen Price was Martha Schofield's cousin. Describes Samuel Taylor's surprise request to marry someone from another monthly meeting. Says she has recently helped slaughter hogs and chickens.

Subjects: Personal correspondence; Marriage--Religious aspects--Society of Friends

Relevant locations: Mount Holly (N.J.); Darby (Pa.)

A00181246. Oldden Ridgeway letter to Martha Schofield, 1862-01-31.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Oldden Ridgeway was a distant cousin of Martha Schofield who joined the Union army during the Civil War. Describes conditions at Camp Pierpont. Has been chosen to present a sword to his colonel on behalf of the non-commissioned officers; writes out the speech he plans to give.

Subjects: United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; Soldiers

Relevant locations: Langley (Va.); Darby (Pa.)

A00181247. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1862-02-08.
Scope and Contents

12 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Discusses various misfortunes that have befallen her friends, including the death of Anna Barnes's fiance. Describes going to church with an Episcopalian friend, likely Anna Webster, to cheer her up.

Subjects: Female friendship; Personal correspondence; Bunting, Anna Webster, 1842-1914

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00181248. Oldden Ridgeway letter to Martha Schofield, 1862-02-16.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Oldden Ridgeway was a distant cousin of Martha Schofield's who joined the Union army during the Civil War. He thinks a Union victory and emancipation are imminent.

Subjects: United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; Soldiers

Relevant locations: Langley (Va.); Darby (Pa.)

A00181249. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1862-03-05.
Scope and Contents

11 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Discusses her friendship with Bartram and her fear that other friends will not be "faithful." Says she is reading a biography of Charlotte Bronte. Discusses her natural tendency towards "warm gushing affection." Describes participating in a formal debate at her lyceum.

Subjects: Female friendship; Brontë, Charlotte, 1816-1855; Books and reading; Debates and debating

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.)

A00181250. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1862-03-16.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Dictated by Martha Schofield to a friend, likely John Bunting. Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Discusses opening the debate at her lyceum. Continues in Schofield's hand with A00181251.

Subjects: Female friendship; Debates and debating

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00181251. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1862-03-17.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Discusses her cousin Abraham Bell's planned trip. Discusses death and future life. Urges Brouwer to visit her over the summer. Continuation of A00181250.

Subjects: Death; Future life

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00181252. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1862-05-01.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Possibly a fragment. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Tells Bartram that Schofield's friend Anna Webster has been very sick with scarlet fever.

Subjects: Health; Personal correspondence; Bunting, Anna Webster, 1842-1914

A00181253. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1862-05-18.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Possibly a fragment. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Discusses plans for Bartram to come visit her in July. Talks about nursing her friend Anna Webster, who is recovering from scarlet fever. Describes a wedding she recently attended.

Subjects: Communicable diseases; Care of the sick; Weddings; Bunting, Anna Webster, 1842-1914

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00181254. Oldden Ridgeway letter to Martha Schofield, 1862-05-16.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. Oldden Ridgeway was a distant cousin of Martha Schofield's who joined the Union army during the Civil War. Written from Camp Washington. Describes the desolation in the area. Hopes emancipation will come soon. Discusses the state of the war; believes it will be over soon.

Subjects: United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; Soldiers

Relevant locations: Washington (D.C.)

Scope and Contents

To and from Sadie, from Anna (Webster?). Death of a cousin in the war, her work in the Philadelphia hospital, W.O. Ridgway's return, the draft.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00181255. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1862-06-12.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Possibly a fragment. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Discusses the death of the husband of her friend Lizzie Anderson. Says her cousin recently died in battle. Discusses the Civil War's cost in human life. Says she has recently been volunteering at a hospital.

Subjects: United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; Death

A00181256. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1862-06-30.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Is excited that Brouwer will visit her soon. Gives her traveling instructions.

Subjects: Local transit; Voyages and travels

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00181257. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1862-07.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Talks about the visit Bartram recently paid her and a book of poems she has bought. Discusses her love for Bartram.

Subjects: Personal correspondence; Female friendship

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00181258. Anna Webster Bunting letter to Martha Schofield, 1862-07-03.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Anna Webster Bunting was a close friend of Martha Schofield's. She describes her recent activities and expresses how much she misses Schofield and their "good long talks." She says that George Truman has decided to open school every other 7th day but proclaims that she will not teach on 7th days. She writes that her brother "Harry" has enlisted in the army, and she talks about the Civil War, expressing that she would sacrifice anything to restore peace to their "fallen nation."

Subjects: Women teachers; Women in education; Female friendship; United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; Truman, George

Relevant locations: Utica (N.Y.); Darby (Pa.)

A00181259. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1862-08-05.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. She discusses the Civil War and her efforts to sew shirts for the hospital. She had a letter from Oldden Ridgeway, who had enlisted in the army, saying that they need more men from the North to help them take Richmond. She says that "there is much talk about drafting" and adds that her friend "J," likely John Bunting, "would go to prison rather than take up arms against another human being."

Subjects: Female friendship; Draft; Pacifism; United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00181260. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1862-08-24.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. She describes her work caring for the soldiers at the hospital, saying she will do whatever she can since she cannot "take up the sword or button the armor for defense."

Subjects: United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; Women and war; Soldiers; War--Relief of sick and wounded

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00181261. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1862-09-14.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Appears to be a fragment. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. She writes that she has been keeping very busy working at the hospital and tending to the sick and wounded. She describes an "accident on the Baltimore Rail Road" that killed and injured many soldiers who had been discharged from the hospitals in Philadelphia and were returning to the South. Schofield tended to the men injured in the accident and shares some of their stories. She bemoans the death and suffering that is a result of the war.

Subjects: United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; Women and war; War--Relief of sick and wounded; Railroad accidents

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00181190. Sadie Brouwer Bartram letter to Martha Schofield, 1862-09-22.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Talks about their friend John Bunting, who has gone to fight in the war; talks about the war generally. Says her aunt recently had twelve teeth removed. Discusses poetry from Bunting.

Subjects: United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; Bunting, John, 1839-1904; Teeth--Care and hygiene; Female friendship

Relevant locations: Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.); Darby (Pa.)

A00181262. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1862-10-09.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. She writes that Oldden Ridgeway has returned from the war and prefers not to talk about what he saw or experienced. She is still keeping very busy tending to soldiers at the hospital, including 17 Rebels. She recently attended a concert given by Louis Gottschalk and says she "never heard sweeter music than came from a piano when he touched it."

Subjects: United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; Soldiers; War--Relief of sick and wounded; Ridgeway, William Oldden, 1838-1925; Gottschalk, Louis Moreau, 1829-1869

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00181263. Sadie Brouwer Bartram letter to Martha Schofield, 1862-10-26.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Bartram shares her views on the war and her concern that the soldiers are surrounded by temptation to sin. She describes visiting the Brooklyn Hospital, which she says only allows male nurses to tend to the sick and wounded soldiers. She recently celebrated her nineteenth birthday and lists the gifts she received.

Subjects: United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; Women and war; Birthdays; Nurses; War--Relief of sick and wounded

Relevant locations: Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.); Darby (Pa.)

A00181264. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1862-11-02.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. She recently attended Quarterly Meeting where Lucretia Mott and others preached. She expresses great love and admiration for Mott. She also explains in greater detail the specific duties she carries out while volunteering at the hospital. As at the Brooklyn Hospital, they have male nurses, and the women distribute the meals and the donations as well as carry out sewing and mending duties. She says they have started drafting in her area which brings them great sorrow. She hopes the New York election will end with a Republican victory and is disappointed that Pennsylvania went to a Democrat.

Subjects: Quakers; Society of Friends; Women orators; United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; Women and war; War--Relief of sick and wounded; Soldiers; Draft; Politics and government; Mott, Lucretia, 1793-1880; Ridgeway, William Oldden, 1838-1925

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00181265. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1862-11-29.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. She describes her recent activities, including sewing for the "contraband" with her "Society" (contraband was a term used during the Civil War to describe formerly enslaved people who escaped to Union lines). She is very upset that Oldden Ridgeway will be returning to the battlefront because she does not think his health has improved sufficiently and she will miss him. She praises the Sharon Female School in Darby for being a very good Quaker school.

Subjects: United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; Schools; Church schools; Freedmen--Charities; Draft; Ridgeway, William Oldden, 1838-1925

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

Scope and Contents

To Sadie about Wendell Phillips. From aid society sending hospital supplies, Jane Hillborn, a response to her first request to teach freedmen, a soldier named Edward Wilson. Program from benefit concert for hospital.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00181281. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1862-1864.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Fragment. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Schofield is sick and talks about her family, including her young nephew Oliver Howard Ash. She also discusses the Civil War and hopes for peace soon.

Subjects: Personal correspondence; Ash, Oliver Howard (1860-1874); United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00181282. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1863-01-20.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Schofield expresses regret over not being home when Walter came to visit her (Walter is likely Brouwer's brother). She describes visiting several friends and relatives, including her uncle Jonathan Schofield whose son Joseph had recently been killed in battle in the Civil War. She mourns the loss of her cousin Joe. She is very pleased to report that Oldden Ridgeway had been discharged and will be coming home.

Subjects: United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; Schofield, Jonathan; Ridgeway, William Oldden, 1838-1925

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00181283. Concert program, 1863-02-04.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Program for the "Grand Concert, for the benefit of the Summit House Hospital." A subtitle indicates that benefits will support the "sick and wounded soldiers." Includes some brief handwritten notes about the performances.

Subjects: Concert programs; Benefit performances

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00181284. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1863-02-08.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Schofield has just turned 24, causing her to contemplate her accomplishments thus far. She has spent her birthday writing, including writing letters to aid societies to request help for hospitals and wounded soldiers. She recently attended a benefit concert for the hospital and witnessed a woman die in the audience just before the show started; it was a traumatic experience for her and led her to contemplate her own mortality. She praises Wendell Phillips as the "best orator in America" and recommends two books that she is reading: a biography of Emily Judson and "Hot Corn: Life Scenes in New York Illustrated."

Subjects: United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; Birthdays; Death; Books and reading; Phillips, Wendell, 1811-1884; Judson, Emily C. (Emily Chubbuck), 1817-1854

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00181285. R.L.P. letter to Martha Schofield, 1863-02-10.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. The writer has sent two boxes to Martha Schofield containing "dry goods" and "delicacies" and requests to be alerted once Schofield has the boxes so the writer can report it to "the Society." Includes lists of the contents of the boxes, which are indicated to be from the "Chester Co. Central Aid Society" and are for Summit House Hospital.

Subjects: Charities; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: West Chester (Pa.)

A00181286. Jane Hillborn letter to Martha Schofield, 1863-02-17.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Jane Hillborn was a teacher at Byberry Boarding School for Girls, which Martha Schofield attended. Hillborn writes that she had brought Schofield's request for aid to the hospital before the Aid Society, and they put together a small box of goods to send to her. She requests acknowledgment from Schofield upon receiving the box.

Subjects: Charities; Women teachers; Women in education; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Byberry (Philadelphia, Pa.); Darby (Pa.)

A00181287. James Miller McKim letter to Martha Schofield, 1863-02-25.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. James Miller McKim was a prominent abolitionist who founded the Port Royal Relief Committee, which later became the Pennsylvania Freedman's Relief Association. McKim has received Schofield's letter in which she tells of her leading to teach freedmen, but he informs her that the Port Royal Committee is not currently funding teachers, and he is not aware of any other committees who are. He will keep her in mind if any opportunities arise.

Subjects: Port Royal Relief Committee; Women teachers; Women in education; Freedmen--Education; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00181288. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1863-03-01.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Schofield's neighbor and close family friend Joseph Dodgson has died, and Schofield describes in detail the service for him, which included speeches from many prominent Quakers. She thanks Brouwer for the book she sent her but indicates a preference for non-fiction over fiction. She then lists the books she has recently read. She mentions that they will be having another concert benefit for the hospital and that "Contraband meetings" are being held at her house every week. She thanks Brouwer for the description of her bedroom and says she longs to be in it with her. She sends a ring to Brouwer and signs the letter "thy devoted lover."

Subjects: Quakers; Society of Friends; Funeral rites and ceremonies; Female friendship; Homosexuality; Books and reading; Freedmen; Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00181289. Edward P. Wilson letter to Martha Schofield, 1863-04-27.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. Edward P. Wilson was a soldier during the Civil War. He had been a childhood acquaintance of Martha Schofield's, and during the war they became friends and confidants. He thanks Schofield for being his friend and someone he can trust with his secrets. Discusses his secret shame in roundabout terms.

Subjects: United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; Shame; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00181290. Sadie Brouwer Bartram letter to Martha Schofield, 1863-04-27.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Fragment. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Brouwer writes that "Jim" is headed home from Key West and intends to stop and visit Schofield on his way. She implores Schofield to come with him so they can see each other, since Brouwer's parents will not allow her to visit Schofield this summer. She calls Schofield "naughty" for working as a teacher again.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Women teachers; Women in education; Female friendship

Relevant locations: Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.)

Scope and Contents

To and from Sadie about Edward Wilson, her vow not to marry, draft riots. From Anna Webster, John Bunting. Poem about Gettysburg.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00182241. Edward P. Wilson letter to Martha Schofield, 1863-06-03.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Edward P. Wilson was a soldier during the Civil War. He had been a childhood acquaintance of Martha Schofield's, and during the war they became friends and confidants. He thanks Schofield for being a caring friend and says she has inspired him to make a good name for himself. He mentions his shameful secret and says that only Schofield and one person other know it.

Subjects: Personal correspondence; Shame; United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Suffolk (Va.); Darby (Pa.)

A00182242. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1863-06-08.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Possibly a fragment. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Schofield writes that her parents have gone off to Quarterly Meeting, so she and her sister Lydia are keeping house and have had many visitors. She then discusses her recent friendship struck up with her childhood acquaintance, Edward P. Wilson, who is a soldier. She tells Brouwer what they have become confidants and that Schofield has been counseling and helping him. She assures Brouwer that she and Wilson are friends and nothing more. She also talks about her friends Anna Webster and John Bunting, who are engaged, and expresses her concern over their different religions.

Subjects: Personal correspondence; Schofield, Lydia A. (Lydia Ann), 1835-1909; Friendship; Interfaith marriage; Bunting, John, 1839-1904; Bunting, Anna Webster, 1842-1914; Marriage

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00182243. Sadie Brouwer Bartram letter to Martha Schofield, 1863-06-21.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. She expresses her love for Schofield and her appreciation for their close friendship. She vows to always keep her confidence. She discusses the Orthodox Yearly Meeting she recently attended and shares her opinions of it. She briefly mentions Edward P. Wilson, a soldier whom Schofield had become a friend and confidant of, and talks about her marriage prospects, promising that Schofield would be the first to know if she meets a potential suitor. She also expresses concern after learning of a "Rebel invasion in Pennsylvania" and briefly talks about the war.

Subjects: Quakers; Society of Friends; New York Yearly Meeting of the Religious Society of Friends (Orthodox : 1828-1955); United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; Marriage; Schofield, Martha; Female friendship

Relevant locations: Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.); Byberry (Philadelphia, Pa.); Darby (Pa.)

A00182244. Anna Webster Bunting letter to Martha Schofield, 1863.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Anna Webster Bunting was a close friend of Martha Schofield's. She writes of her appreciation of her friendship with Schofield, whom she considers her only female friend. She is engaged to John Bunting, but she will be going away for two years and is unsure how the time apart will affect their relationship. She fears that he will change into a different person whom she will not want to marry. She asks Schofield to visit with him often while she is away.

Subjects: Female friendship; Marriage; Betrothal; Bunting, John, 1839-1904; Schofield, Martha

A00182245. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1863-07-02.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. She discusses the war and says that even though the "enemy" is approaching where she lives, she is not afraid because it is a noble cause, and she is willing to suffer for it. She adds that nearly all of her closest friends have gone to war or expect to, including Oldden Ridgeway, and she feels that the women must do everything they can to help as well. She expresses contempt for the Copperheads, Northerners who opposed the Civil War and advocated for political compromise. She tells Brouwer that she currently has no prospects for marriage and shares that her sister Sarah Ash has just given birth to a boy and is doing well.

Subjects: United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; Copperhead movement; War--Moral and ethical aspects; Women and war; Marriage; Ridgeway, William Oldden, 1838-1925; Schofield, Martha; Ash, Sarah J. (Sarah Jane), 1835-1912

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00182246. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1863.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Fragment; possibly a continuation of A00182245. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. She talks about the war and says the Confederates draw closer to Philadelphia every day. She describes the reactions of the people in her area preparing for the war approaching them and says she can look out her window and see soldiers performing drills in the field opposite her house. She has fear for what may happen but is sustained by her faith in God.

Subjects: United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; Women and war; Faith; Ridgeway, William Oldden, 1838-1925; Schofield, Martha

A00182247. Martha Schofield poem, 1863-07-04.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. Two handwritten copies of a poem by Martha Schofield. The poem focuses on the friendship between Martha Schofield and John Bunting but also describes the impact of war.

Subjects: Poetry; United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; Friendship; Bunting, John, 1839-1904

A00182248. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1863-07-15.
Scope and Contents

12 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. She is very concerned about Brouwer because of the draft riots that have been occuring in Brooklyn. She hopes to hear from her soon that she is okay. She blames the riots on the Copperheads, Northerners who opposed the Civil War and advocated for political compromise. She describes her work gathering and delivering supplies to the soldiers. 600 wounded from Gettysburg have come to the hospital where she volunteers, and she describes her work at the hospital and some of the people she has helped. She reflects on her time teaching at the school in Harrison, New York, and discusses her health. She sends Brouwer a copy of a poem that she wrote for John Bunting about their friendship. She reflects at length on her close friendship with Bunting and states that she has never had a desire to be more than friends with him.

Subjects: United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; Draft Riot (New York, New York : 1863); Copperhead movement; Gettysburg, Battle of (Pennsylvania : 1863); Bunting, John, 1839-1904; Death; Friendship; Women teachers; Women in education; Women and war; War--Relief of sick and wounded

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00182249. Anna Webster Bunting letter to Martha Schofield, 1863-07-21.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. Anna Webster Bunting was a close friend of Martha Schofield's. Asks Schofield about her work at Summit Hill Hospital and reports rumors that many military doctors embezzle supplies. Suggests that they volunteer as nurses near the front lines. Mentions the possibility of New York's governor raising troops to resist the draft. Discusses the role God played in causing the war. Discusses their friendship and promises not to tell her fiance, John Bunting, any secrets that Schofield has confided in her.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; War--Religious aspects; Female friendship

Relevant locations: Worcester (Mass.); Darby (Pa.)

A00182250. John Bunting letter to Martha Schofield and Sadie Brouwer, 1863-07-22.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. John Bunting was a close friend of Martha Schofield's. He thanks Schofield and Brouwer for their note. Fears he will not be able to see them "this week" but wonders if he could try to see them "next week."

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878

Scope and Contents

To and from Sadie about marriage, war. From cousin Abraham. Another request to teach and replies from the Anti-Slavery Office and National Freedmen's Association. Poem called To the Spirit of Poetry.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00182626. Martha Schofield letter, 1863.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Fragment. Likely written to Sadie Brouwer, whom Martha Schofield met in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and with whom she remained close friends. Schofield writes that smallpox has gotten bad in Philadelphia, but she has been vaccinated for it many times. She shares news about her family and says that John Bunting has invited her to the opera.

Subjects: Smallpox; Personal correspondence; Bunting, John, 1839-1904

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00182628. Anna Webster Bunting letter to Martha Schofield, 1863-08-21.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. Anna Webster Bunting was a close friend of Martha Schofield's. She describes her recent activities while vacationing in Vermont. She asks about her fiance, John Bunting, and expresses concern that Schofield never mentions him in her letters. She also asks Schofield to tell her all about her work at the hospital.

Subjects: United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; Bunting, John, 1839-1904; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Cavendish (Vt.); Darby (Pa.)

A00182629. Martha Schofield letter, 1863-09-06.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Fragment; probably a letter draft. Likely addressed to Oliver Johnson, who worked in the New York office of the American Anti-Slavery Society. Schofield writes that she has a leading to teach the newly freed people in the South. She has already sent unsuccessful requests to James Miller McKim and William Lloyd Garrison, but she is determined. She adds that her circumstances make her unable to take a job without compensation. She has not yet told her family of her plan because she knows they will object. She mentions that she already has experience teaching African Americans in Philadelphia.

Subjects: American Anti-Slavery Society; African Americans--Education; Freedmen--Education; Women teachers; Women in education; Schofield, Martha

A00182630. Oliver Johnson letter to Martha Schofield, 1863-09-11.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Oliver Johnson worked at the New York office of the American Anti-Slavery Society. He had forwarded Martha Schofield's letter expressing her desire to teach freedmen in the South to Francis George Shaw, President of the National Freedman's Association, and copies the reply. Shaw wrote that his Association will be sending teachers to North and South Carolina and are still considering applicants. Johnson encourages Schofield to write to Shaw and apply and says he will do anything he can to help her.

Subjects: American Anti-Slavery Society; National Freedman's Relief Association; African Americans--Education; Freedmen--Education; Women teachers; Women in education; Johnson, Oliver, 1809-1889; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: New York (N.Y.)

A00182631. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1863-09-29.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. She writes that she believes Bartram is her most loyal and true friend. She talks about several funerals she has recently attended and her admiration for Washington Irving. She discusses the Civil War and her concern after the Union defeat at the Battle of Chickamauga. She praises Governor Andrew Curtain of Pennsylvania for "how nobly he worked for the soldiers comforts." Schofield also mentions the upcoming 25th anniversary of "Uncle and Aunt" (likely Bartram's uncle and aunt) and expresses her admiration for couples who are married for many years.

Subjects: Female friendship; Friendship; Books and reading; United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; Chickamauga, Battle of (Georgia : 1863); Anniversaries; Marriage; Irving, Washington, 1783-1859; Curtin, Andrew Gregg, 1815-1894; Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00182632. Sadie Brouwer Bartram letter to Martha Schofield, 1863-10-07.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. She assures Schofield that she can always trust Sadie to maintain her confidence. She talks about her views on marriage. She discusses her trip to Chappaqua, New York, and talks about the books she is reading and planning to read. She also talks about the Civil War Draft and a Quaker she knows who is a conscientious objector. She hopes Schofield will come to her aunt and uncle's upcoming anniversary celebration and encloses her invitation.

Subjects: United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; Draft; Conscientious objection; Quakers; Irving, Washington, 1783-1859; Books and reading; Anniversaries; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.)

A00182633. Poem to Martha Schofield, 1863-10-18.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. A poem titled "To the Spirit of Poetry" about lost love written by an unidentified man. Addressed to Martha Schofield, care of S.M. Brouwer (Sadie Brouwer Bartram) in Brooklyn, New York.

Subjects: Poetry; Schofield, Martha; Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878

Relevant locations: Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.)

A00182634. B.P. Hunt letter to Martha Schofield, 1863-11-07.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. B.P. Hunt (likely Philadelphia merchant Benjamin P. Hunt) was the Vice President of the Pennsylvania Freedman's Relief Association. He writes that they do not know yet exactly where in the Sea Islands of South Carolina a teacher is needed or where she would be able to live. He will communicate with her when it is sorted out.

Subjects: Pennsylvania Freedmen's Relief Association; Women teachers; Women in education; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.)

A00182635. Abraham Bell letter to Martha Schofield, 1863-12-20.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Abraham Bell was Martha Schofield's cousin who served in the Union army during the Civil War. He writes about his experiences on a ship near New Orleans during the war. He also talks about some of his experiences and observations in the French Quarter of New Orleans, including the presence of black Union soldiers.

Subjects: United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; Soldiers, Black; Voyages and travels; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: New Orleans (La.); Darby (Pa.)

A00182636. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1863-11-23.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Possibly a fragment. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. She writes about travelling to Bayside and also about seeing off her cousin Abraham Bell, who had joined the Union army.

Subjects: Travel; Friendship

Relevant locations: Bayside (New York, N.Y.)

Scope and Contents

To and from Sadie and Anna Webster, mostly concerning love and marriage.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00182637. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1864.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. She expresses concern for Bartram in regards to father's abusiveness. She describes her activities over the past week, including caring for the corpse of an unidentified woman. She speaks at length about her admiration for Anna E. Dickinson and the good work she is doing for the country.

Subjects: Fathers and daughters; Dead; Women orators; Dickinson, Anna E. (Anna Elizabeth), 1842-1932

A00182638. Sadie Brouwer Bartram letter to Martha Schofield, 1864-01-10.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Bartram is very sad that Schofield has left her and writes at length about how grateful she is for their close friendship; she refers to Schofield as her "husband" and calls herself Schofield's "wife." She also describes her activities since Schofield left and talks about the cold that she has developed.

Subjects: Female friendship; Homosexuality; Sick; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.); Darby (Pa.)

A00182639. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1864-01-08.
Scope and Contents

7 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. She describes her journey from Brooklyn to Pennsylvania after staying with Bartram in Brooklyn.

Subjects: Female friendship; Travel

Relevant locations: New Jersey; Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.)

A00182640. Sadie Brouwer Bartram letter to Martha Schofield, 1864-01-18.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Bartram talks about her recent activities and discusses family and friends, including Anna Barnes. She refers to Schofield as her "husband" and calls herself Schofield's "wife."

Subjects: Personal correspondence; Surprise parties

Relevant locations: Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.); Darby (Pa.)

A00182641. Anna Webster Bunting letter to Martha Schofield, 1864-01-11.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Anna Webster Bunting was a close friend of Martha Schofield's. She was glad to hear that Schofield's health has improved. She describes her Christmas and New Years activities. She shares her opinions on fashion and wearing colors.

Subjects: Health; Clothing and dress; Women's clothing; Bunting, John, 1839-1904; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Utica (N.Y.); Darby (Pa.)

A00182642. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1864-01-24.
Scope and Contents

7 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. She describes the sudden death of their neighbor William Jones. She then discusses her views on death and the afterlife. She tells Bartram not to be discouraged because she "has to act contrary to [her] feelings for [her] father's sake."

Subjects: Death; Future life; Fathers and daughters; Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.)

A00182643. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1864-02-01.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. It is Schofield's birthday which has made her reflect on her life. She was pleased and surprised to learn that Bartram's cousin "Jordy" kept up his end of a bargain made with Schofield that he would stop smoking and she would give him a cent. She expresses great disdain for the habit of smoking. She shares her reaction to other items in a recent letter from Bartram and also discusses her recent activities.

Subjects: Birthdays; Smoking; Fathers and daughters; Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.)

A00182644. Anna Webster Bunting letter to Martha Schofield, 1864-04-06.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Anna Webster Bunting was a close friend of Martha Schofield's. Bunting talks about a man whom she had loved but had too many faults for her to marry him. She says she knows she will be happy marrying John Bunting instead of the other man. She discusses an "early attachment" of Schofield's that ended in sorrow; she hopes that Schofield will get married someday.

Subjects: Man-woman relationships; Marriage; Bunting, John, 1839-1904; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Utica (N.Y.)

A00182645. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1864-04-17.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. She describes the recent illness of her step-father, John Child, and is relieved that he will likely recover. She also discusses her own improved health. She recently saw British abolitionist George Thompson speak at the Academy and talks about her reverence for him and the work he has done.

Subjects: Sick; Health; Thompson, George, 1804-1878

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.)

Scope and Contents

To and from Sadie about Anna Webster and John Bunting's engagement. From Edward Wilson.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00181164. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1864-05-01.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Schofield talks about her friends Anna Webster and John (likely John Bunting). Schofield discusses her relationship with Brouwer and refers to herself as Brouwer's "first husband." She also briefly mentions news about the Civil War.

Subjects: Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878; Female friendship; Homosexuality; United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.)

A00181165. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1864-05-30.
Scope and Contents

7 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Schofield discusses housework and yard work; an upcoming sanitary fair; and news of relatives working as nurses, doctors, and soldiers in the Civil War.

Subjects: Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878; United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; Women nurses

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.)

A00181166. Letter to Martha Schofield, 1864-08-29.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Fragment. Written by a soldier who tells Schofield about a letter he gave to a woman before leaving for the front. He also discusses his friendship with Schofield.

Subjects: United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; Soldiers; Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Richmond (Va.)

A00181167. Sadie Brouwer Bartram letter to Martha Schofield, 1864-09.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Fragment. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Brouwer discusses a trip she took with some friends to an area along the Susquehanna River.

Subjects: Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878; Books and reading; United States--Susquehanna River

Relevant locations: United States

A00181168. Sadie Brouwer Bartram letter to Martha Schofield, 1864-10-02.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Bouwer discusses her friendships with her cousin Mary and with Schofield; a wedding she attended at Trinity Church; her discomfort at the idea of marriages not founded on love; and her struggle to conform with her ideas about morality. Says, "As thee is my husband I give to thee all the devoted love of a true friend and I hope a dutiful wife" and signs the letter "thy affectionate friend and wife."

Subjects: Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878; Female friendship; Homosexuality; Schofield, Martha; Intimacy (Psychology); Marriage; Love

Relevant locations: Tarrytown (N.Y.); Darby (Pa.)

A00181169. Sadie Brouwer Bartram letter to Martha Schofield, 1864-10-16.
Scope and Contents

7 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Brouwer discusses her activities over the last several weeks and briefly talks about her opposition to the Civil War. At several points Brouwer refers to herself as Schofield's husband, e.g., "I know how hard it is sometimes to be reconciled to have my husband way off to Darby."

Subjects: Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878; Female friendship; Schofield, Martha; United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865

Relevant locations: Harrison (N.Y.); Darby (Pa.)

A00181170. Anna Webster Bunting letter to Martha Schofield, 1864-12-26.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. Anna Webster Bunting was a close friend of Martha Schofield's. She remarks on the sacrifices Schofield is making to help her brother pay off his debt. She describes her own activities teaching in Worcester and discusses teaching strategies. She also talks about her upcoming marriage to John Bunting.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Women teachers; Women in education

Relevant locations: Worcester (Mass.); Darby (Pa.)

Scope and Contents

To and from Sadie, sister Lydia, Anna Webster, Sallie Patrick. Appointment to teach for Penna. Freedman's Relief Association (P.F.R.A.), Lincoln's death.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00181171. Sadie Brouwer Bartram letter to Martha Schofield, 1865-02-04.
Scope and Contents

7 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Brouwer describes her recent activities, including a smallpox vaccination, and her relationship with Schofield. Brouwer refers to herself as Schofield's husband in several places; for example, "as it [the letter] is to my husband, she must overlook all imperfections, even if she is a 'schoolmarm,'" and she signs the letter "thy devoted friend and wife."

Subjects: Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878; Female friendship; Homosexuality; Schofield, Martha; Books and reading

Relevant locations: Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.); Darby (Pa.)

A00181172. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1865-02-15.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Fragment. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Schofield passes on news of friends and family, talks about her health, and discusses the relationship between spiritualism and Christianity, especially Quakerism.

Subjects: Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878; Spiritualism

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00181173. Sadie Brouwer Bartram letter to Martha Schofield, 1865-02-19.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Brouwer discusses spiritualism, a recent visit from Schofield's sister Lydia, her views on theater, and a lecture by Anna E. Dickinson she recently attended.

Subjects: Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878; Female friendship; Spiritualism; Theater; Dickinson, Anna E. (Anna Elizabeth), 1842-1932; Women orators; Books and reading; Literature and morals

Relevant locations: Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.)

A00181174. Ellen M. Patrick letter to Martha Schofield, 1865-02-21.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Ellen M. Patrick expresses disappointment that Schofield has not written since the spring. She passes on news of friends and family and discusses her time at school.

Subjects: Personal correspondence

A00181175. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1865-03-12.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Schofield discusses her recent activities and the "gymnastics" classes she has been leading. "Teaching is a grand business, though a thankless task, but the opportunity to do good is always waiting."

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Women teachers; Physical education and training

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00181176. Sadie Brouwer Bartram letter to Martha Schofield, 1865-03-21.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Brouwer discusses her recent social activities, describes a sermon she heard Henry Ward Beecher give, and mentions a sick child and Lincoln's second inauguration. The letter is signed "thy loving 'wife,'" and in several places Brouwer refers to Schofield as her husband.

Subjects: Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878; Female friendship; Schofield, Martha; Books and reading; Religion

Relevant locations: Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.)

A00181177. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1865-04-02.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Addresses Bartram as "my dear wife" and "Sadie M. Schofield." Discusses the spring weather, her work as a teacher, personal correspondence, and family/friends, including her friend Anna Webster Bunting who was teaching at a grammar school.

Subjects: Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878; Bunting, Anna Webster, 1842-1914; Female friendship; Homosexuality; Women teachers; Women in education

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Harrison (N.Y.)

A00181178. Sadie Brouwer Bartram letter to Martha Schofield, 1861-1865.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Probably a fragment. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Discusses Quaker Meetings, including the Yearly Meeting that was attended by John Hunt, George Truman, and Rachel Moore. Was disappointed that she missed hearing Lucretia Mott speak at a recent Meeting. Laments the casualties of Union soldiers during the Civil War. Hopes that Schofield is able to visit soon.

Subjects: Quakers; Mott, Lucretia, 1793-1880; United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; War wounds

A00181179. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1865-04.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Probably written to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, whom Martha Schofield met in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and remained close friends with. Rejoices in the Union capture of Richmond. Discusses recent events and news concerning family/friends, including her friend Elizabeth Steel. Inquires about acquaintances from New York.

Subjects: United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; Personal correspondence

A00181180. Sadie Brouwer Bartram letter fragment to Martha Schofield, 1865-04-09.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Refers to Martha as "my husband" and herself as "thy wife." Discusses recent events, such as the "Sociable" she attended, and shares news concerning family/friends, including the illnesses and deaths of multiple individuals. References the recent capture of Richmond by Union forces and the end of the Civil War. Hopes that Schofield will visit her in New York in the summer. Discusses the nature of corresponding with friends.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Bunting, Anna Webster, 1842-1914; United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; Female friendship; Homosexuality; Personal correspondence; Death; Sick

Relevant locations: Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.)

A00181181. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1865-04-24.
Scope and Contents

11 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Discusses the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln, over which Schofield has been in deep mourning. Describes the funeral procession in Philadelphia, the viewing held in City Hall, and a funeral oration by Miss Emma Hardings.

Subjects: United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865; Presidents--Assassination; Grief; Funeral rites and ceremonies

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.); Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00181182. Anna Webster Bunting letter to Martha Schofield, 1865-06-02.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Anna Webster Bunting was Martha Schofield's close friend. Has taken time off from teaching in Worcester to visit her family in Hyde Park, Massachusetts. Strongly encourages Schofield to visit in the summer, and wants to visit with Schofield's sister Lydia while she is in Boston. Is concerned about Schofield's health. Discusses her friendship with Schofield, her romantic relationship with John Bunting, her dread over being married, and her work as a teacher.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Bunting, John, 1839-1904; Schofield, Lydia A. (Lydia Ann), 1835-1909; Female friendship; Health; Marriage; Women teachers; Women in education

Relevant locations: Hyde Park (Boston, Mass.); Worcester (Mass.); Darby (Pa.)

A00181183. Anna Webster Bunting letter to Martha Schofield, 1865-06-18.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. Anna Webster Bunting was Martha Schofield's close friend. Discusses recent/upcoming events and news of family/friends. Also discusses their work as teachers and her upcoming marriage to John Bunting. Is very excited for Schofield to visit her.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Bunting, John, 1839-1904; Women teachers; Women in education; Female friendship; Marriage

Relevant locations: Worcester (Mass.); Chester County (Pa.)

A00181184. James E. Roads letter to Martha Schofield, 1865-07-05.
Scope and Contents

1 page. James E. Rhoads was the corresponding secretary of the Pennsylvania Freedmen's Relief Association. Reports that Schofield has been appointed as a teacher by the Association and that her desire to work in the South will be taken into consideration.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Pennsylvania Freedmen's Relief Association; Women in education; Women teachers; Freedmen--Education; African Americans--Education; African Americans--Services for; Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877)

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00181185. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1865-07-20.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Describes visiting her friend Anna Webster Bunting in Massachusetts.

Subjects: Bunting, Anna Webster, 1842-1914; Voyages and travels

Relevant locations: Worcester (Mass.)

A00181186. Sadie Brouwer Bartram letter to Martha Schofield, 1865-07-30.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. Fragment. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Recounts her trip around New York and Massachusetts in detail. Discusses recent events and news of family/friends.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Personal correspondence; Voyages and travels

Relevant locations: Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.); Hyde Park (Boston, Mass.); Saratoga (N.Y.); Lake George (N.Y.); Boston (Mass.)

Scope and Contents

To and from Sadie, Mother and sisters, Elizabeth Bunting, Anna Webster. Martha's preparations and departure, William Lloyd Garrison, Anna and John's wedding plans.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00181225. Sadie Brouwer Bartram letter to Martha Schofield, 1865-08-08.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Brouwer describes her recent activities and those of several friends. She implores Schofield to come visit her even for just one night.

Subjects: Women--Education; Schools; Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Harrison (N.Y.)

A00181226. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1865-08-10.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Schofield is in Boston and writes about visiting the Bunker HIll monument and the Navy Yard with Anna Webster and John Bunting. She also describes going to visit Ellen Wright Garrison, who had been a schoolmate of her sister Lydia Schofield; Ellen was not home, so Schofield instead "had a very pleasant call" with Helen Garrison. She was disappointed that William Lloyd Garrison was not home and intended to call on him at his office.

Subjects: Bunker Hill Monument (Boston, Mass.); Schofield, Lydia A. (Lydia Ann), 1835-1909; Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878; Garrison, Ellen Wright, 1840-1931

Relevant locations: Boston (Mass.)

A00181227. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1865-08-20.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Schofield describes her journey home from Boston, where she had been staying with Anna Webster. She mentions some highlights from her trip, including attending a concert at Boston Music Hall, which she describes in great detail. She will be heading South soon and says that she will "meet the Committee" tomorrow to find out exactly where and when she will be going.

Subjects: Boston Music Hall (Boston, Mass.); Voyages and travels; Female friendship; Schofield, Martha; Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Boston (Mass.)

A00181228. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1865-09-03.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Fragment. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Schofield expresses her disdain for the "Copperheads," saying that being around one recently made her blood start "travelling pretty fast through [her] veins" and says that they sanctioned the mistreatment of enslaved people by upholding the rebels. She describes visiting Rachel Moore, who had recently been severely injured in a carriage accident. She expects to go South at the end of October.

Subjects: Copperhead movement; United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; Moore, Rachel Wilson; Women teachers; Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Harrison (N.Y.)

A00181230. Jonathan Schofield Letter to Martha Schofield, 1865-09-08.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. Jonathan Schofield was Martha Schofield's uncle. He shares recent news and talks about the work he has been doing in his job as Justice of the Peace.

Subjects: Justices of the peace; Courts; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Yardley (Pa.)

A00181231. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield, 1865.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Mary H. Child was Martha Schofield's mother. She asks if Schofield has everything she needs and requests updates on how things are going. She warns Schofield to focus on her job and not to fall in love with any men.

Subjects: Mothers and daughters; Schofield, Martha; Women teachers; Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877)

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00181232. Sadie Brouwer Bartram letter to Martha Schofield, 1865-09-08.
Scope and Contents

7 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Brouwer wishes Schofield luck in her work in the South but will miss her very much. She reminisces about when she and Schofield first met and talks about the close relationship they have had through the years.

Subjects: Female friendship; Families; Christianity; Schofield, Martha; Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877)

Relevant locations: Harrison (N.Y.); Darby (Pa.)

A00181233. "Elizabeth" letter to Martha Schofield, 1865-10-04.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. The writer wishes Martha Schofield luck in her travels to the South and expresses her love and appreciation for their close friendship. Signed "Elizabeth"; a note on the page suggests it could be from Elizabeth Bunting.

Subjects: Female friendship; Voyages and travels; Schofield, Martha

A00181234. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield, 1865-10-05.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Mary H. Child was Martha Schofield's mother. The letter, which Child intended Schofield to read on her journey to the South, offers motherly advice and praises Schofield for the work she will do.

Subjects: Mothers and daughters; Schofield, Martha; Schofield, Oliver W. (Oliver Wilson), 1806-1852; Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Farewells

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00181235. Sarah Jane Ash letter to Martha Schofield, 1865-10-08.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Sarah Jane Ash was Martha Schofield's sister. The letter wishes Schofield luck on her journey South and says Ash is praying for her.

Subjects: Sisters--Family relationships; Voyages and travels; Schofield, Martha; Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Farewells

A00181236. Sarah Jane Ash letter to Samuel Ash, 1865-10-09.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Sarah Jane Ash was Martha Schofield's sister. She gives a detailed description of seeing off Schofield in the ship taking her to South Carolina. She mentions that "the Heacock girls" were on the ship with Schofield and also briefly discusses visiting James Miller McKim.

Subjects: Voyages and travels; Schofield, Martha; Ash, Samuel S. (Samuel Shinn), 1829-1911

Relevant locations: New York (N.Y.); Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00181237. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield; Eliza H. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1865-10-12.
Scope and Contents

7 pages. Mary H. Child was Martha Schofield's mother. She misses Schofield dearly and hopes she is safe during her travels (Schofield had recently left to teach freedmen in South Carolina). She tells her about a letter addressed to Schofield from Laura Towne which arrived after she left, in which Towne told of her need for teachers at her school on St. Helena Island in South Carolina. Also includes a letter from Eliza Schofield, Martha Schofield's sister, in which she shares recent news about family and friends.

Subjects: Mothers and daughters; Towne, Laura M. (Laura Matilda), 1825-1901; Women teachers; Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877)

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Wadmalaw Island (S.C.)

A00181238. Anna Webster Bunting letter to Martha Schofield, 1865-11-16.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. Anna Webster Bunting was a close friend of Martha Schofield's. She tells Schofield that she has put in her notice at her school and describes her plans to move into the home of her soon-to-be husband, John Bunting. She also describes the death of a child,

Subjects: Women teachers; Women in education; Female friendship; Bunting, Anna Webster, 1842-1914

Relevant locations: Worcester (Mass.); Charleston (S.C.)

A00181239. Anna Webster Bunting letter to Martha Schofield, 1865-10-22.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. Anna Webster Bunting was a close friend of Martha Schofield's. She writes about her recent activities and talks about her school. She asks for details about Schofield's school and the town she is living in South Carolina. She supposes that the black students Schofield is teaching are not as "intelligent as white children."

Subjects: African Americans--Education; Freedmen--Education; Women teachers; Women in education; Female friendship; Bunting, Anna Webster, 1842-1914; Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877)

Relevant locations: Worcester (Mass.); Wadmalaw Island (S.C.)

A00181240. Lydia A. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield; Eliza H. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1865-10-27.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Lydia and Eliza Schofield were Martha Schofield's sisters. Lydia Schofield describes the new wallpaper in their home in Darby, and Eliza Schofield describes visiting "the Academy" and attending a fair inaugurated by Generals Meade and Grant.

Subjects: Sisters--Family relationships; Wallpaper; Fairs; Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877)

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Wadmalaw Island (S.C.)

A00181241. Instructions for obtaining a travel pass, 1865-10.
Scope and Contents

1 page. Handwritten note with instructions to go to the office of James Miller McKim and obtain a pass (likely a travel pass) from General Van Vliet. Probably to Martha Schofield.

Subjects: M'Kim, J. Miller (James Miller), 1810-1874; Van Vliet, Stewart, 1815-1901

Relevant locations: New York (N.Y.)

A00181242. Note about conditions on island, 1865-1916.
Scope and Contents

4 page. "For Kay" and "Conditions on Island" are written on the front page. Appears to be written by Martha Schofield. The second page bears a sketched map of the islands where Martha Schofield taught when she first came to South Carolina. She writes about the school that was first called "Garrison" and tells some stories about the people she encountered, including formerly enslaved people.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; African American schools; Slavery; Freedmen; Maps; Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877)

Relevant locations: Sea Islands

A00181243. Martha Schofield letter to Mary H. Child, 1865-10-05.
Scope and Contents

1 page. Mary H. Child was Martha Schofield's mother. Schofield wrote this note and hid it in her mother's drawer just before sailing for South Carolina. She tells Child not to worry and assures her that she will be doing important work.

Subjects: Mothers and daughters; Women teachers; Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877)

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

Scope and Contents

To family about her journey, from Anna Webster, Mother, sister Eliza, cousin Mollie, Martha MacAllister, Cornelia Hancock recommending teachers, unsigned letter about St. John's Island, P.F.R.A. and Anna Parrish from the women's branch of P.F.R.A. sending money and supplies.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00181266. Anna Webster Bunting letter to Martha Schofield, 1865-12-21.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Anna Webster Bunting was a close friend of Martha Schofield's. She writes about the school she has recently quit, the weather, and Christmas. She mentions that her wedding (to John Bunting) will take place in January. She is eager for word from Schofield about how everything is going and hopes that she will be able to see her again soon.

Subjects: Women teachers; Women in education; Female friendship; Christmas; Weddings; Weather; Freedmen--Education

Relevant locations: Boston (Mass.)

A00181267. Eliza H. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1865-11-05.
Scope and Contents

10 pages. Eliza Schofield was Martha Schofield's younger sister. She describes her recent activities and those of other family members and friends. She describes going to an event at "the Academy" and seeing Grant, Farragut, and Meade whom she refers to as "the great heroes of our country." She also describes hearing Clarkson Taylor talk at Meeting about visiting Fairfax Quarterly Meeting in Virginia, where they discussed how their meetinghouses survived the war.

Subjects: Sisters--Family relationships; Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; Yearly Meeting of Friends, held in Virginia

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Wadmalaw Island (S.C.)

A00181268. List of items sent to South Carolina by the Pennsylvania Freedmen's Relief Association, 1865-11-10.
Scope and Contents

1 page. Written on "Penn'a Freedmen's Relief Association" stationery. List of articles sent by the Association to Mary A. Sharp in Rockville, South Carolina. The items are various articles of clothing for both adults and children.

Subjects: Freedmen--Charities; African Americans--Charities; Bills of lading; Sharp, Mary A. (Teacher)

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Rockville (S.C.)

A00181269. Mary Price Cheyney letter to Martha Schofield, 1865-11-23.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Mary "Mollie" Price was Martha Schofield's cousin. She writes a brief note to be included with a letter from Schofield's sister, Lydia Schofield. She has been staying with Schofield's family for several days.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00181270. Mary A. Sipler letter to Martha Schofield, 1865-11-30.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Mary A. Sipler was a friend of Martha Schofield's from school. She talks about how much she misses Schofield and the talks they used to have at school. Though she misses her, she praises the work that Schofield is doing in the South. She hopes that Schofield will give a lecture at her school about her experiences when she returns.

Subjects: Female friendship; Women in education; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Charleston (S.C.)

A00181271. B.P. Hunt letter to Martha Schofield, 1865-12-06.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Written on "Penn'a. Freedmen's Relief Association" stationery. B.P. Hunt (likely Philadelphia merchant Benjamin P. Hunt) was the Vice President of the Association. Letter encloses $100 for Schofield and her school in South Carolina and asks for a receipt.

Subjects: Pennsylvania Freedmen's Relief Association; Freedmen--Charities; African Americans--Charities; Gifts

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00181272. Draft of Martha Schofield letter to Jessie James and Sarah J. Cleaver, 1865-11.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Schofield congratulates James and "Sallie" Cleaver on their recent wedding and tells them that she wished she could have been there. She then describes her journey via ship to South Carolina. She talks about her companion, Mary A. Sharp, and says that she "will never love her very warmly," though she "may respect and esteem her." Contains edits by Schofield.

Subjects: Weddings; Voyages and travels; Sharp, Mary A. (Teacher)

Relevant locations: Wadmalaw Island (S.C.)

A00181273. Eliza H. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1865-11-23.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Eliza Schofield was Martha Schofield's younger sister. She shares recent news about the family and expresses concern about Schofield's health.

Subjects: Sisters--Family relationships; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00181274. Matilda McAllister letter to Martha Schofield, 1865-11-23.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. McAllister writes about recently attending Quaker Meeting where Schofield's mother, Mary H. Child, stood and spoke. She then writes about the school where she is working and her living situation. She hopes Schofield will write her and tell her all about the condition of the freedmen and her activities.

Subjects: Quaker women; Society of Friends; Women in education; Schofield, Martha; Women orators

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Charleston (S.C.)

A00181275. James E. Rhoads letter to Martha Schofield, 1865-12-05.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Written on "Penn'a Freedmen's Relief Association" stationery. James E. Rhoads, the corresponding secretary of the Association, informs Schofield that B.P. Hunt will be sending her another $100. He thanks her for the accounts she has sent and asks how the people are situated.

Subjects: Pennsylvania Freedmen's Relief Association; Freedmen--Charities; African Americans--Charities; Gifts

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00181276. Eliza H. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1865-12-08.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Eliza Schofield was Martha Schofield's younger sister. She thanks Schofield for writing home regularly and was pleased to hear that she has sheets for her bed. She shares recent news about their family members and friends, including some friends playing "base ball." She also discusses attending the wedding of Wendell Garrison and Lucy McKim and the "fall of Henry Ward Beecher."

Subjects: Sisters--Family relationships; Baseball; Beecher, Henry Ward, 1813-1887

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Wadmalaw Island (S.C.)

A00181277. Anna H. Parrish letter to Martha Schofield, 1865-12-08.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Written on "American Freedmen's Aid Commission" stationery. Anna H. Parrish explains the goals of the Commission and asks to open up lines of communication with Schofield, who had gone to South Carolina to teach freedmen, so Parrish can get a better understanding of the situation in the South.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); American Freedmen's Aid Commission; Freedmen--Charities; Schofield, Martha; Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877)

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00181278. Cornelia Hancock letter to Martha Schofield, 1865-12-22.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Cornelia Hancock was a nurse during the Civil War who opened a school for African Americans in South Carolina after the war. She tells Schofield that the Race Street Friends Association intends to send five teachers to the South. She has received Schofield's letter describing their needs at Wadmalaw Island and has passed it on to Louisa Roberts. She tells Schofield that her "mind is bent in the direction of the South."

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Freedmen--Education; Women teachers; African Americans--Education; Quakers--Charities; Schofield, Martha; Freedmen--Charities

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Wadmalaw Island (S.C.)

A00181279. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield, 1865-12-28.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Mary H. Child was Martha Schofield's mother. She reflects on the past year, including the end of the Civil War and the abolition of slavery. She expresses sympathy for the "thousands who have been made free and are yet suffering in the transitive states." She talks about several friends who have recently died and describes the family's Christmas activities.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Mothers and daughters; Freedmen; Christmas

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00181280. J.R. letter to Martha Schofield, 1865-11-02.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. The writer talks about Quarterly Meeting and his recent activities, including visiting with Schofield's family. He discusses attending the "fair for the Soldiers and Sailors," where he saw General Meade, General Grant, and Vice Admiral Farragut. He reflects on spending time on John's Island, South Carolina, and other areas near where Schofield is teaching when he was a soldier during the Civil War.

Subjects: Farragut, David Glasgow, 1801-1870; Meade, George Gordon, 1815-1872; Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885; United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Johns Island (S.C.)

Scope and Contents

From R.H. Verlenden, Mother, sister Lydia, Anna Willetts, Uncle Paxon Price and Aunt Jane Price, cousin. P.F.R.A. denies her request for an orphanage and school changes, sends salary.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00181291. Rebecca Verlenden letter to Martha Schofield, 1866-01.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Rebecca Verlenden was a former teacher of Martha Schofield's whom she remained friends with. She praises the work Schofield is doing in South Carolina but warns her not to overexert herself. Reports that there is not any exciting news from Darby and asks Schofield to write when she can.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Women teachers; Women in education

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Wadmalaw Island (S.C.); Charleston (S.C.)

A00181292. James E. Rhoads letter to Martha Schofield, 1866-01-05.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. James E. Rhoads worked as an educator and was the first president of Bryn Mawr College. Written on "Penn'a Freedmen's Relief Association" stationery. Rhoads, the corresponding secretary of the Association, tells Schofield that they like her idea to open an orphanage but do not currently have the funds for it. He requests some clarifications regarding the "school report."

Subjects: Pennsylvania Freedmen's Relief Association; Schofield, Martha; African Americans--Education; Women teachers; Women in education

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00181293. Anna B. Willets letter to Martha Schofield, 1866-01-07.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Anna Willets and her husband, Edward Willets, ran a school in Harrison, New York where Martha Schofield worked as a teacher in the late 1850s. Willets discusses the health of herself and her family members and describes the severe cold weather they have been experiencing. She desires to visit Schofield and will give her notice if she is able to come. She mentions that "the young people have just organized to sew for the colored people in the South."

Subjects: Weather; African Americans--Services for; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Harrison (N.Y.)

A00181294. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield, 1866-01-18.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Mary H. Child was Martha Schofield's mother. She shares news regarding family and friends. She misses her daughter and is always pleased to receive letters from her.

Subjects: Mothers and daughters; Bible; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00181295. Lydia A. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1866-01-18.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Lydia Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. She talks about her religious beliefs and discusses the upcoming wedding of Anna Webster and John Bunting.

Subjects: Faith; Future life; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Charleston (S.C.)

A00181296. Paxson Price letter to Martha Schofield, 1866-01-21.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Paxson Price was Martha Schofield's uncle through marriage. He shares news about his family and declines an offer from Schofield to go down South.

Subjects: Farm life; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Pennsbury (Pa. : Township); Charleston (S.C.); Wadmalaw Island (S.C.)

A00181297. Jane Jackson Price letter to Martha Schofield, 1866-01-21.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Jane Price was Martha Schofield's maternal aunt. She talks about her health and praises Schofield for the work that she is doing.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Pennsbury (Pa. : Township)

A00181298. H.J. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1866-02-06.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. The letter refers to H.J. Schofield as Martha Schofield's cousin. Is donating an arithmetic book to Martha Schofield's school. Also talks about their travels and inquires how Martha Schofield is enjoying her work and living in the South.

Subjects: African Americans--Education; Schofield, Martha; Women in education; Women teachers

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00181299. James E. Rhoads letter to Martha Schofield, 1866-02-12.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Written on "Penn'a Freedmen's Relief Association" stationery. James E. Rhoads, the corresponding secretary of the Association, thanks Schofield for her reports regarding her school. They are sending supplies for the school and her salary payment.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Pennsylvania Freedmen's Relief Association; African Americans--Education; Freedmen--Education; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00182213. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield, 1866-02-15.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Mary H. Child was Martha Schofield's mother. She asks why Minden "H.A." Evans was replaced as Schofield's superintendent and why there are soldiers at her school. She shares recent news concerning friends and acquaintances.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Quakers; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00182214. Philena Heald Letter to Martha Schofield, 1866-02-18.
Scope and Contents

7 pages. Text is faded. Like Schofield, Philena Heald taught freedmen in South Carolina after the Civil War. Heald describes her school and students, who are "breathless in attention and catch every word we say." She describes in detail the house where she is living, in which rebels once resided. She also describes attending a Black church. She expresses a desire to see Schofield since they are now living so close to each other.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Women teachers; Freedmen--Education; African Americans--Education; African American schools; African American churches; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Saint Helena Island (S.C.); Wadmalaw Island (S.C.)

A00182216. Jane Jackson Price letter to Martha Schofield, 1866-03-11.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Jane Price was Martha Schofield's aunt on her mother's side. She discusses politics, calling Johnson their "misguided President" who is "disappointing the people." She shares news about her health and recent activities of her family members.

Subjects: Johnson, Andrew, 1808-1875; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Pennsbury (Pa. : Township)

Scope and Contents

From A. Kimber, Mary (Sharp?), Sadie, sister Lydia, Uncle Thomas, Anna Bunting, Cousin Sallie, Mary Taylor. P.F.R.A. decides school year will end July 1. Mother's letter to friend about Martha.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00182217. Abby Kimber letter, 1866-04-11.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Fragment; addressee unclear but refers to "my dear girls." Abby Kimber was a teacher, women's rights activist, and abolitionist. She visited Martha Schofield's school on Wadmalaw Island while traveling around the South in the spring of 1866. She thanks the recipients for sending her her shawl and describes where she has recently visited and her upcoming planned visits. She mentions that she is with Reuben Tomlinson.

Subjects: Voyages and travels; Freedmen; Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877)

Relevant locations: Charleston (S.C.)

A00182218. Robert R. Corson letter to Martha Schofield, 1866-06-13.
Scope and Contents

1 page. Written on "Penn'a Freedmen's Relief Association" stationery. Corson, Corresponding Secretary for the Association, informs Schofield that the Association has decided to end the school year for her school on Wadmalaw Island on July 1st. They will provide funds for her to return home if needed.

Subjects: Pennsylvania Freedmen's Relief Association; African American schools; Freedmen--Education; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Wadmalaw Island (S.C.)

A00182219. Letter to Martha Schofield, 1866-07-19.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Likely written by Mary A. Sharp, who lived and taught with Martha Schofield on Wadmalaw Island. She describes her activities on the island since the school year ended, focusing mostly on matters of business. She expresses distrust of their "white friends" on the island.

Subjects: African American schools; Racism; Food--Costs; Sharp, Mary A. (Teacher)

Relevant locations: Wadmalaw Island (S.C.)

A00182220. Mary H. Child letter to Harriet E. Stockly Kirk, 1866-07-19.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Harriet Kirk was a Quaker minister. Child had sent a letter written by her daughter Martha Schofield to Kirk to be published in the "Friends' Intelligencer," but they declined to publish it. Child defends the letter and its relevance in Schofield's discussion of how her faith has sustained her and encouraged her to persevere.

Subjects: Faith; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00182221. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield, 1866-04-11.
Scope and Contents

7 pages. Mary H. Child was Martha Schofield's mother. She thanks Schofield for providing them with a her new forwarding address. She shares recent news for family and friends. She is delighted by the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1866. She includes a list of items that were sent in a package to Schofield which she hopes can be forwarded to her new address.

Subjects: Civil Rights Act of 1866 (United States); Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Wadmalaw Island (S.C.)

A00182222. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield, 1866-04-02.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Mary H. Child was Martha Schofield's mother. She is in Baltimore for Yearly Meeting. She describes Yearly Meeting and her social visits while in Baltimore. She is concerned after being forwarded a letter from Schofield telling that she has no bed to sleep on and no sheets to cover her.

Subjects: Quakers; Society of Friends; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Baltimore (Md.); Wadmalaw Island (S.C.)

A00182223. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield, 1866-05-21.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Mary H. Child was Martha Schofield's mother. Schofield had written to Child that she would come home at the end of the school year, but that she intended to return to the South when recalled. Child consents and advises her daughter to follow the leadings of the "heavenly father." She also discusses Yearly Meeting.

Subjects: Faith; Quakers; Society of Friends; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Wadmalaw Island (S.C.)

A00182224. Anna Webster Bunting letter to Martha Schofield, 1866-05-06.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. Anna Webster Bunting was a close friend of Martha Schofield's. She assures Schofield that she has written her many letters which she apparently has not been receiving. She writes about visiting Schofield's family with her husband, John Bunting, and also visiting with some other mutual friends. She calls Schofield her "only intimate friend."

Subjects: Female friendship; Schofield, Martha; Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Rockville (S.C.); Wadmalaw Island (S.C.)

A00182225. Thomas Jackson letter to Martha Schofield, 1866-06-06.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. Thomas Jackson was Martha Schofield's maternal uncle. He praises Schofield for the work she is doing in the South and is pleased to hear that she refused to shake the hands of Rebels. He condemns all the Rebels and the "arch-traitor" Andrew Johnson. He also discusses conflicts in Europe that he fears the United States will be drawn into. He says he was of the first settlers of California and promises to tell Schofield about his "adventures to this far off land" when he sees her again. He briefly discusses his time in the West Indies and interactions with the freedmen there. He also talks about a lengthy lawsuit he is involved in against "Rebels" regarding a land dispute. He talks of his adoration for Anna E. Dickinson and is impressed that Schofield has met her.

Subjects: Quakers; Unionists (United States Civil War); United States--History--1865-1921; Johnson, Andrew, 1808-1875; Russell, John Russell, Earl, 1792-1878; Freedmen; Actions and defenses; Schofield, Martha; Dickinson, Anna E. (Anna Elizabeth), 1842-1932

Relevant locations: Sacramento (Calif.); Darby (Pa.)

A00182226. Sarah J. Price Forsythe letter to Martha Schofield, 1866-06-17.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Sarah Forsythe was Martha Schofield's maternal cousin. She talks about "the picnic" which was attended by many of Schofield's immediate and extended family members. She has been attending lectures on phrenology by Professor Mills at "Parkersville" with her mother, Jane Jackson Price. She mentions that Schofield's mother, Mary H. Child, is touring the monthly meetings of the Quarter with James Mott.

Subjects: Phrenology; Schofield, Martha; Mott, James, 1788-1868

Relevant locations: Pennsbury (Pa. : Township)

A00182227. Mary Taylor Stone letter to Martha Schofield, 1866-06-19.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. Mary Taylor Stone taught with Martha Schofield at the Schofield School in Aiken, South Carolina, from 1868 to 1869. She writes that she intends to stay in South Carolina until the end of July but may leave earlier if sent for by "the Friends." She plans to travel by boat but Schofield told her she plans to travel north by land. She hopes to see Schofield one more time before she leaves. She reports that Major Corbin has left their household after being appointed a judge, and they now have Major O'Brien and his wife running their household.

Subjects: Women teachers; African Americans--Education; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Mount Pleasant (S.C.)

Scope and Contents

From Mary Sharp, sister Lydia, Sadie, Anna Bunting, sister Sallie and Samuel Ash, Halliday Price, J.E. Cornelius. P.F.R.A. about salaries, change to another school on John's Island.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00182228. Mary A. Sharp letter to Martha Schofield, 1866-10-12.
Scope and Contents

7 pages. Mary A. Sharp worked as a teacher on Wadmalaw Island with Martha Schofield. She describes how earlier in the day a Revenue Cutter ship (an armed customs enforcement service) docked on the island, and she was invited onto the boat and met with the captain. After this excitement, she began to feel ill. She also informs Schofield that the nice white dresses they got in Charlotte were stolen and talks about some general happenings at the school since she has been gone.

Subjects: Revenue cutters; African American schools; African American women household employees; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Wadmalaw Island (S.C.)

A00182230. Sadie Brouwer Bartram letter to Martha Schofield, 1866-10-16.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Written from Cherry Hill Cottage. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Brouwer writes that she has been very busy and describes her recent activities. She shares gossip about several acquaintances and tells of several people who have recently died. She also talks about "Joe," writing that though she enjoys corresponding with him she is not interested in him romantically and laughs about rumors circulating that they are engaged. She mentions that Joe told her "Beecher" spoke very highly of the Quakers in his "Sermon on Sunday."

Subjects: Quakers; Society of Friends; Man-woman relationships; Gossip; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Chappaqua (N.Y.); Darby (Pa.)

A00182231. Lydia A. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1866-11-14.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Lydia Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. She praises the good work that Schofield will be doing in the South and tells her that God will be with her (Martha went to South Carolina to educate freedmen after the Civil War). She talks about their family's recent activities and describes some issues she has been having with her eyes.

Subjects: Faith; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Charleston (S.C.)

A00182232. Lydia A. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1866-11-25.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Lydia Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. She and the rest of their family were grateful to receive Martha's letter. They were pleased to hear that she had found a friend in General Scott, and they hope she will be placed in a school soon. She describes her recent activities and discusses her faith.

Subjects: Faith; Scott, Robert K. (Robert Kingston), 1826-1900; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Charleston (S.C.)

A00182233. Anna Webster Bunting letter to Martha Schofield, 1866-12-23.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Anna Webster Bunting was a close friend of Martha Schofield's. She implores Schofield to write to her since she is her only close friend and she misses her dearly. She shares news about some acquaintances, including the recent death of Rebecca Verlenden's husband, John Verlenden. She also talks about her husband, John Bunting, and discusses their plans for Christmas.

Subjects: Verlenden, Rebecca Boyd, 1834-1907; Bunting, John, 1839-1904; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Charleston (S.C.)

A00182234. Anna Webster Bunting letter to Martha Schofield, 1866-09-12.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Anna Webster Bunting was a close friend of Martha Schofield's. She has been travelling and describes the places she has visited and the people she has seen. She hopes that she can visit with Schofield when she returns to Pennsylvania next week.

Subjects: Travel; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Seneca Falls (N.Y.); Darby (Pa.)

A00182235. Samuel S. Ash letter to Martha Schofield, 1866-11-12.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Samuel Ash was Martha Schofield's brother-in-law. He tells her that even though it must be painful to be separated from her home and family, she is on a noble mission and will receive her "eternal reward" for it (Schofield went to South Carolina to educate freedmen after the Civil War).

Subjects: Future life; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Washington (D.C.)

A00182236. Sarah J. Ash letter to Martha Schofield, 1866-11-19.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Sarah Ash was Martha Schofield's sister. She and her husband, Samuel Ash, are very grateful for Schofield's letter. She describes her recent activities, including attending a wedding which may have been the wedding of their brother, Benjamin Schofield.

Subjects: Weddings; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Charleston (S.C.)

A00182237. J. E. Cornelius letter to Martha Schofield and Elizabeth Yarnall, 1866-12-11.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Written on stationery from the headquarters of the Acting Assistant Commissioner of the "Bureau Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands." Cornelius is returning the three dollars sent to him by Schofield and Yarnall and is offended that they felt the need to repay him after he recently hosted them for a meal.

Subjects: United States. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Rockville (S.C.); Beaufort (S.C.)

A00182238. Lydia A. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1866-12-23.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Lydia Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. She describes the family's activities in preparation for Christmas and discusses the death of Rebecca Verlenden's husband, John Verlenden. She ran into Sarah Pugh recently whom she says inquired about Schofield and sent her her love.

Subjects: Christmas; Verlenden, Rebecca Boyd, 1834-1907; Pugh, Sarah, 1800-1884; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Charleston (S.C.)

A00182239. Halliday Jackson Price letter to Martha Schofield, 1866-12-23.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Halliday Price was Martha Schofield's cousin. He laments his old age and says he may have to resign to being a bachelor. He describes a reading circle that he has recently started and talks about skating and sleighing.

Subjects: Books and reading; Sleighs; Schofield, Martha

A00182240. Robert R. Corson letter to Martha Schofield, 1866-12-27.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Robert R. Corson was Corresponding Secretary for the Pennsylvania branch of the American Freedmen's Union Commission. He intends to send salaries for the teachers in South Carolina, but needs to know how much to send. He hopes that Schofield has settled into her new home on St. John's Island and that she will be happy there.

Subjects: American Freedman's Union Commission; Women in education; Women teachers; Freedmen--Education; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Charleston (S.C.); Johns Island (S.C.)

Scope and Contents

To post office about her lost letters. From I. Price, sister Sallie and Samuel Ash, Aunt Jane Price, Edward Willetts, Anna Bunting, sister Lydia, Robert Corson of American Freedmen's Union Commission (A.F.U.C.) sending salary and supplies.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00182229. Martha Schofield letter to Mr. Smith, 1867-01-07.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Schofield has just returned from Edisto Island and asks Mr. Smith to see if he can have the Postmaster secure some "very important" letters for her that may have been sent to Edisto.

Subjects: Postal service

Relevant locations: Charleston (S.C.)

A00182599. I. Price letter to Martha Schofield and others, 1867-01-13.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Likely written by Isaiah Price, the brother of Martha Schofield's uncle Paxson Price. Addressed to "my dear friends." Discusses Edisto Island and the reclaiming of Confederate property. Advocates giving power to freedmen rather than former plantation owners. Praises Schofield and others working to educate freedmen. Discusses the politics of Reconstruction. Expresses disappointment over the election of Simon Cameron to the Senate.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Cameron, Simon, 1799-1889; Freedmen

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Edisto Island (S.C.)

A00182600. Samuel S. Ash letter to Martha Schofield, 1867-01-14.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Samuel Shinn Ash was Martha Schofield's brother-in-law. Passes on news of friends and family. Mentions upcoming meetings on abolition, peace, and equal rights. Has sent her Frederick Douglass's speech and a pair of pocket almanacs.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Charleston (S.C.)

A00182601. Paxson Price and Jane Jackson Price to Martha Schofield, 1867-01-27.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Jane Jackson Price was Martha Schofield's maternal aunt, and married to Paxson Price. The bulk of the letter is from Paxson Price. He discusses having Schofield's sister Sarah Ash over for a visit with her husband and children; they took sleigh rides in the snow. He talks about his blessings and gives updates about his children. He expresses his opinion that "too many live without any thought beyond the present, or of being any benefit to those around them." Jane Price adds a brief note expressing how much she misses Schofield.

Subjects: Personal correspondence; Sleighing; Ash, Sarah J. (Sarah Jane), 1835-1912; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Pennsbury (Pa. : Township)

A00182602. Sarah J. Ash letter to Martha Schofield, 1867-01-28.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Sarah Ash was Martha Schofield's sister. She describes in detail her visit with their aunt and uncle, Jane and Paxson Price, including sledding and ice skating.

Subjects: Sledding; Skating; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Charleston (S.C.)

A00182603. Anna B. Willets letter to Martha Schofield, 1867-02-03.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. Anna and Edward Willets ran a school in Harrison, New York, where Martha Schofield was a teacher in the late 1850's. She talks about the health of her children and shares news about some of her family and friends. She mentions having Schofield's close friend Sadie Brouwer over for a visit recently and how Sadie "with tears in her eyes, related some of her troubles," likely in relation to the "mischief" Brouwer's father does. She also briefly discusses Quarterly Meeting and wonders if Schofield goes to church with the former slaveholders.

Subjects: Quakers; Society of Friends; Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Harrison (N.Y.); Charleston (S.C.)

A00182604. Robert R. Corson letter to Martha Schofield, 1867-02-05.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Robert R. Corson was Corresponding Secretary for the Pennsylvania branch of the American Freedmen's Union Commission. He encloses a check for previous expenses and anthorizes Schofield to purchase articles which she will require. He is concerned that some supplies they sent have not arrived yet. He mentions that the Commission is keeping very busy in their new quarters. Letter has some water damage.

Subjects: American Freedman's Union Commission; Women teachers; Women in education; Freedmen--Education; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Charleston (S.C.)

A00182605. Robert R. Corson letter to Martha Schofield, 1867-02-08.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Robert R. Corson was Corresponding Secretary for the Pennsylvania branch of the American Freedmen's Union Commission. He advises Schofield to depend on Reuben Tomlinson and requests that she send him a report of her school. They are sending another teacher to Okolona, Kentucky.

Subjects: American Freedman's Union Commission; Women teachers; Women in education; Freedmen--Education; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Charleston (S.C.)

A00182606. Robert R. Corson letter to Martha Schofield, 1867-02-20.
Scope and Contents

1 page. Robert R. Corson was Corresponding Secretary for the Pennsylvania branch of the American Freedmen's Union Commission. He encloses Schofield's salary for December, January, and February.

Subjects: American Freedman's Union Commission; Wages--Women; Women teachers; Women in education; Freedmen--Education; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Johns Island (S.C.)

A00182607. Anna Webster Bunting letter to Martha Schofield, 1867-02-08.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Anna Webster Bunting was a close friend of Martha Schofield's. She writes that her health has improved after a recent illness in time for her birthday and talks about her birthday gifts. She talks about her husband, John Bunting, and how much pressure he is under at work.

Subjects: Female friendship; Birthdays; Bunting, John, 1839-1904; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Charleston (S.C.)

A00182608. Lydia A. Schofield, Samuel S. Ash, and Sarah J. Ash letters to Martha Schofield, 1867-02-24.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Lydia Schofield and Sarah J. Ash were Martha Schofield's sisters, and Samuel Ash was Sarah J. Ash's husband. Lydia Schofield talks in detail about a sermon recently given by Dr. Truman. She also shares recent news about family and friends. Samuel Ash wishes Schofield continued success and fulfillment in the work she is doing (educating freedmen in South Carolina). Sarah J. Ash also discusses Dr. Truman's sermon and describes her recent activities. She says that the engagement of Rachel Wilson Moore to Samuel Townsend has created quite a stir within Quaker circles.

Subjects: Faith; Truman, George; Quakers; Society of Friends; Moore, Rachel Wilson; Betrothal; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Charleston (S.C.)

Scope and Contents

From sister Lydia, Hallie Price, Aunt Jane Price, sister Sallie, Clara Egan, Paxon Price, Mother, Annie Heacock.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00182609. Lydia A. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1867-03-03.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Lydia Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. She writes that she is losing her faith and feels like she doesn't have a purpose. She envies Martha for having such important work to focus on (Martha was educating freedmen in South Carolina after the Civil War). She also talks about her recent activities and shares news of family and friends. She briefly discusses the Reconstruction Bill.

Subjects: Faith; Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00182610. Lydia A. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1867-03-03.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Lydia Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. She writes that she had interviewed for a position at the Mercantile Library, but the position was offered to someone else. The president of the library told their uncle at Meeting that she was rejected due to her poor health.

Subjects: Women--Employment; Employment interviewing

Relevant locations: Charleston (S.C.)

A00182611. Sarah Price Forsythe letter to Martha Schofield, 1867-03-03.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Sarah Price Forsythe was Martha Schofield's cousin. She describes her recent activities, including seeing an opera for the first time and attending her family's reading circle. She wonders if Schofield and Elizabeth Yarnall will find husbands in Charleston.

Subjects: Operas; Books and reading; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Pennsbury (Pa. : Township)

A00182612. Lydia A. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1867-03-10.
Scope and Contents

7 pages. Lydia Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. She discusses religion at length and transcribes a lengthy quote from Theodore Parker. She describes Henry Ash's and her own recent dental work done by Isaiah Price, the brother of their uncle, Paxson Price. She was glad that Schofield went to the ball.

Subjects: Faith; Future life; Christianity; Dental care; Parker, Theodore, 1810-1860; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Charleston (S.C.)

A00182613. Jane Jackson Price letter to Martha Schofield, 1867-03-11.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Jane Jackson Price was Martha Schofield's aunt. She talks in detail about a wedding she recently attended. She describes her recent activities and the activities of family and friends.

Subjects: Weddings; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Pennsbury (Pa. : Township)

A00182614. Sarah J. Ash letter to Martha Schofield, 1867-03-17.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Sarah Ash was Martha Schofield's sister. Describes a recent snowstorm and fabric shopping for Schofield. Discusses the unhappiness of their sister Lydia and a disgraceful event involving Sadie Brouwer's father.

Subjects: Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878; Schofield, Lydia A. (Lydia Ann), 1835-1909; Schofield, Martha; Textile fabrics--Purchasing

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Charleston (S.C.)

A00182615. Clara Egan letter to Martha Schofield, 1867-03-24.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Addressed to "Dear Girls"; note on the last page says that it's addressed to Martha Schofield. Content is primarily about acquiring clothing materials. Also discusses life on the plantation.

Subjects: Dressmaking

Relevant locations: Rockville (S.C.); Wadmalaw Island (S.C.)

A00182616. Jane Jackson Price and Sarah Price Forsythe letter to Martha Schofield, 1867-03-24.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Jane Jackson Price and Sarah Price Forsythe were Martha Schofield's maternal aunt and cousin, respectively. Accompanies a letter from Paxson Price to Martha Schofield that was written on the same date (A00182617). Jane Price praises Schofield's work educating freedmen in the South, saying "what an experience you girls will have, of life long value seeing so much of this world and human nature in all its varied forms and colors." Price has been busy visiting many families. Discusses recent events and news about family/friends.

Subjects: Personal correspondence; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Pennsbury (Pa. : Township)

A00182617. Paxson Price letter to Martha Schofield, 1867-03-24.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Paxson Price was Martha Schofield's uncle. Accompanied by a letter from Jane Jackson Price and Sarah Price Forsythe (Paxson Price's wife and daughter) to Martha Schofield that was written on the same date (A00182616). Discusses recent events and news about family/friends. Also discusses his reading material and politics.

Subjects: Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Pennsbury (Pa. : Township); Charleston (S.C.)

A00182618. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield, 1867-04-18.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Mary H. Child was Martha Schofield's mother. Reports that Mollie McAllister and Schofield's cousin Lydia might travel to Charleston, South Carolina, to visit her. Discusses recent events and news about family/friends. Mentions the upcoming marriage of Quaker minister Rachel W. Moore. Is sending Schofield a box of supplies.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Charleston (S.C.)

A00182619. Lydia A. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1867-04-18.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Lydia A. Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. Describes the food being sent to Martha and the possibility of Mollie McAllister and Martha's cousin Lydia travelling to Charleston, South Carolina.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Charleston (S.C.)

A00182620. Samuel S. Ash letter to Martha Schofield, 1867-04-20.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Samuel S. Ash was Martha Schofield's brother-in-law. Discusses Mollie McAllister and Schofield's cousin Lydia going to visit her in Charleston, South Carolina.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Charleston (S.C.)

A00182621. Jane Jackson Price letter to Martha Schofield, 1867-04-21.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Jane Jackson Price was Martha Schofield's maternal aunt. Discusses recent events and news of family/friends. Recounts a man named Philip Brook praising Schofield's work educating freedmen in the South.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Personal correspondence; Women teachers; Women in education

Relevant locations: Pennsbury (Pa. : Township)

A00182622. Jane Jackson Price letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-05-16.
Scope and Contents

7 pages. Jane Jackson Price was Martha Schofield's maternal aunt. Discusses recent events and news about family/friends, including her household staff, the health of multiple individuals, and the education of her children.

Subjects: Personal correspondence; Sick; Household employees

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00182623. Annie Heacock letter to Martha Schofield, 1867-05-26.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Annie Heacock and Martha Schofield were both Quakers who taught African Americans in the South after the Civil War. Probably written from Port Royal Island, South Carolina. Describes the boxes of supplies they have received and the obstacles encountered while riding onto the mainland. Briefly discusses Mary A. Sharp who taught freedmen with Martha Schofield on Wadmalaw Island.

Subjects: Women teachers; Women in education

Relevant locations: Port Royal (S.C.); Beaufort County (S.C.)

A00182624. E. L. Dean letter to Martha Schofield, 1867-05-18.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. From the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands. Short message written on behalf of General Robert K. Scott, reporting that the ambulance is at Schofield's disposal.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; United States. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands; Scott, Robert K. (Robert Kingston), 1826-1900

Relevant locations: South Carolina

A00182625. Lydia A. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1867-05-30.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Lydia A. Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. Discloses feelings of unhappiness and asks Martha to pray for her. Discusses Martha's spirituality at length. Recounts recent events and news concerning family/friends.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Spiritual life--Christianity

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Edisto Island (S.C.)

Scope and Contents

From sister Lydia, sister Sallie and nephew Howard, Lizzie Wynne, Ellen Patrick, Sadie, Sallie Patrick. R. Corson for A.F.U.C. sends $50, school will start Nov. 1.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00182646. Lydia A. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1867-06-24.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Lydia Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. Passes on news of friends and family. Describes a sermon she heard at a Baptist church. Mentions Mary Sharp's habit of opening Martha's letters. Tells Martha that the Germantown Freedmen's Aid Association is interested in supporting her.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Baptists

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Charleston (S.C.)

A00182647. Sarah J. Ash and Oliver Howard Ash letters to Martha Schofield, 1867-06-09.
Scope and Contents

7 pages. Sarah J. Ash was Martha Schofield's sister. Passes on news of family and friends, including their sister Lydia's sad mood and Martha's travel plans. Encloses the first letter her son Howard ever wrote.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Personal correspondence; Children's writings

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Charleston (S.C.)

A00182648. Robert R. Corson letter to Martha Schofield, 1867-06-29.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Robert R. Corson was Corresponding Secretary for the Pennsylvania branch of the American Freedmen's Union Commission. Encloses a check for the previous two months' salary.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Teachers--Salaries, etc.; Women teachers; American Freedman's Union Commission

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Charleston (S.C.); Darby (Pa.)

A00182649. Lizzie Wynne letter to Martha Schofield, 1867-07-27.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Has been adopted by "Winchester Society" which has arranged for her to attend school in Westfield, Massachusetts. Hopes that Schofield will keep in touch with her. Asks about Schofield's recent trip.

Subjects: Personal correspondence; Schofield, Martha; Women--Education

Relevant locations: Charleston (S.C.); Darby (Pa.)

A00182650. Ellen M. Patrick letter to Martha Schofield, 1867-07-31.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Patrick implies that Martha Schofield has been travelling recently and expresses concern for her travelling in the heat. She then describes in detail her own recent trip to Washington, D.C., with other teachers and students from the school where she taught.

Subjects: Women teachers; Women in education; Medical climatology; School field trips; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Hopedale (Mass.); Darby (Pa.); Washington (D.C.)

A00182651. Sadie Brouwer Bartram letter to Martha Schofield, 1867-08-26.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Discusses her illness, recent events, and news about family/friends. Is anxious about returning home. Expresses her deep love for Schofield.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Health; Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Tarrytown (N.Y.); Darby (Pa.)

A00182652. Robert R. Corson letter to Martha Schofield, 1867-09-03.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Robert R. Corson was Corresponding Secretary for the Pennsylvania branch of the American Freedmen's Union Commission. Written on American Freedman's Union Commission stationery. Says that the schools in South Carolina will not open until November 1st. Offers teaching positions to Martha Schofield and Elizabeth Yarnall at the "Village School."

Subjects: American Freedman's Union Commission; Schofield, Martha; Women teachers; Women in education

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Darby (Pa.)

A00182653. Ellen M. Patrick letter to Martha Schofield; Martha Schofield letter draft, 1867-09-08.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. Patrick describes her work as a teacher in a high school. She also shares news about other schools both in the North and the South. There is writing on the envelope that appears to be a draft of a letter written by Martha Schofield to "Gentlemen."

Subjects: Schools; Women teachers; Women in education; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Hopedale (Mass.); Darby (Pa.)

A00182654. Philena Heald letter to Martha Schofield, 1867-09-22.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. Philena Heald had taught African Americans on St. Helena Island in South Carolina while Martha Schofield taught on Wadmalaw Island. She declines Schofield's invitation to return to teaching in South Carolina because she has decided to teach in Virginia.

Subjects: Women teachers; Women in education; Freedmen--Education

Relevant locations: West Chester (Pa.); Darby (Pa.)

A00182655. Ellen M. Patrick letter to Martha Schofield and Elizabeth Yarnall, 1867-09-24.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Patrick is upset because a gentleman's reputation has been, in her opinion, falsely maligned, and she seeks Martha Schofield and Lizzie Yarnall's aid in rectifying the situation by writing letters affirming the man's good character.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Hopedale (Mass.); Darby (Pa.)

Scope and Contents

From Ellen Way, Mary Rose Smith inviting Martha to speak at Yearly Meeting, Laura Towne, Annie Heacock, Cornelia Hancock, Philie, sister Lydia about Lucretia Mott, sister Sallie. Sister Eliza writes to Baker Institute concerning Mary Sharp's complaints. Women's Freedmen's Relief Association (W.F.R.A.) writes about Martha's illness.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00182656. Ellen Way letter to Martha Schofield, 1867-10-03.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Signed by E. Ellie Way. Has thought about joining Schofield as a teacher in the South and asks questions about the conditions there.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Teachers; Women teachers; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Chatham (Pa. : Township)

A00182657. Mary Rose Smith letter to Martha Schofield, 1867-10-09.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Smith was president of the Women's Freedmen's Relief Association. Invites Schofield to attend the organization's Yearly Meeting.

Subjects: Freedmen--Charities; Schofield, Martha; Women--Societies and clubs

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Darby (Pa.)

A00182658. Annie Heacock letter to Martha Schofield, 1867-10-09.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Heacock and Schofield both taught African American freedmen in the South after the Civil War. Discusses travel plans for returning to South Carolina after summer break. Gives their expected salary as teachers.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Teachers--Salaries, etc.; Teachers; Women teachers; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00182659. Cornelia Hancock letter to Martha Schofield, 1867-10-09.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Cornelia Hancock was a nurse for the Union Army during the Civil War, a social reformer, and the founder of the Laing School for African Americans in South Carolina. Hancock and Schofield both taught African American freedmen in the South after the Civil War. Discusses travel plans for returning to South Carolina after summer break. Briefly discusses a recent political election that she fears may benefit white southerners.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Teachers; Women teachers; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Darby (Pa.)

A00182660. Laura M. Towne letter to Martha Schofield, 1867-10-15.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Laura Matilda Towne was an abolitionist, doctor, educator, and founder of the first schools for African American freedmen. Towne and Schofield both taught African American freedmen in the South after the Civil War. Discusses travel plans for returning to South Carolina after summer break. Councils Schofield about what supplies are available in South Carolina and what she will have to bring with her.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Teachers; Women teachers; Women in education; Schools--Furniture, equipment, etc.; Freedmen--Education; Textbooks; African Americans--Services for; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Montgomery County (Pa.); Darby (Pa.)

A00182661. Philena Heald letter to Martha Schofield, 1867-10-18.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Philena Heald taught African American freedmen in the South after the Civil War. Tells Schofield about conditions in South Carolina, especially what supplies she will find there and what she will have to bring herself. Describes the men and women who live near Schofield's new school.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Teachers; Women teachers; Women in education; Schools--Furniture, equipment, etc.; Freedmen--Education; African Americans--Services for; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Falls Church (Va.); Darby (Pa.)

A00182662. Lydia A. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1867-11-03.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Lydia A. Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. Passes on news of friends and family to Schofield, who has just returned to South Carolina for her third year of teaching.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Women teachers; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00182663. Eliza H. Schofield letter to the Principal of the Baker Institute, 1867-11-18.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Eliza H. Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. Describes the antagonistic relationship between Martha Schofield and Mary A. Sharp, who traveled to South Carolina together to teach African American freedmen after the Civil War. Details Sharp's attempts to ruin Schofield's reputation.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Teachers; Women teachers; Women in education; Schofield, Martha; Sharp, Mary A. (Teacher); Libel and slander

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00182664. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-11-21.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Mary H. Child was Martha Schofield's mother. Discusses the annual meeting of the Pennsylvania Anti-Slavery Society, with speakers such as Lucretia Mott and Sojourner Truth. Mentions an upcoming lecture on capital punishment. Describes her appeal for the freedmen in Washington, D.C.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Pennsylvania Anti-Slavery Society; Freedmen--Economic conditions; Schofield, Martha; Women social reformers

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00182665. Lydia A. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1867-12-01.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Lydia A. Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. Describes and paraphrases a sermon given Lucretia Mott based on the Lord's Prayer. Discusses a cousin's engagement. Also includes a short note from Schofield's brother-in-law Samuel Ash.

Subjects: Mott, Lucretia, 1793-1880; Lord's prayer; Sermons, American--Women authors; Women orators; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00182666. Sarah J. Ash letter to Martha Schofield, 1867-12-08.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Sarah J. Ash was Martha Schofield's sister. Discusses Martha's illness and passes on news of friends and family.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Beaufort (S.C.)

A00182667. S.L. Baldwin letter to Martha Schofield, 1867-12-19.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Miss S.L. Baldwin was the corresponding secretary of the Women's Freedmen's Relief Association. Informs Schofield, who has been ill, that her sister will soon travel to South Carolina to care for her; tells her not to overexert herself.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Care of the sick

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Beaufort (S.C.)

A00182668. Mary Rose Smith letter to Martha Schofield, 1867-12-23.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Mary Rose Smith was the president of the Women's Freedmen's Relief Association. Offers her sympathies over Schofield's ill health. Briefly discusses the difficulties between Schofield and her coworker Mary A. Sharp.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Health; Sharp, Mary A. (Teacher)

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Beaufort (S.C.)

Scope and Contents

To nephew Howard Ash. From Department of Agriculture sending seeds, Mary Jackson (W.F.R.A.), Sarah F. Corlies, Lizzie Dorsey, Sadie, Mother and sisters, Samuel Ash. Poem from Ellen Murray. Recovery from illness.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00182669. Mary E. Jackson letter to Martha Schofield, 1868-01-27.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Mary E. Jackson served as Chairman of the Committee on Education for the Women's Freedmen's Relief Association. Written on the stationery of the Women's Freedmen's Relief Association. Discusses Schofield's recent illness. Talks about abolitionist Sarah Pugh and clergyman Phillips Brooks, who was popular among African Americans.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Fever; Pugh, Sarah, 1800-1884; Brooks, Phillips, 1835-1893

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Beaufort (S.C.)

A00182670. Horace Capron letter to Martha Schofield, 1868-02-19.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Horace Capron served as U.S. Commissioner of Agriculture under Presidents Johnson and Grant. Written on the stationery of the Department of Agriculture. Tells Schofield that he has sent her garden seeds.

Subjects: United States. Department of Agriculture; Vegetables--Seeds; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Washington (D.C.); Beaufort (S.C.); Saint Helena Island (S.C.)

A00182671. Sarah F. Corlies letter to Martha Schofield, 1868-03-06.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Sarah Corlies was secretary of the Germantown Freedmen's Aid Association, an important source of funding for Schofield's school in Aiken. Corlies comments briefly on Schofield's recent ill health and the generosity the freedmen showed her while she was sick.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Health

Relevant locations: Germantown (Philadelphia, Pa.); Beaufort (S.C.)

A00182672. Lydia A. Schofield letter to Sarah J. Ash, Samuel S. Ash, and their children, 1868-03-19.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Lydia A. Schofield, Sarah J. Ash, and Samuel S. Ash were Martha Schofield's sisters and brother-in-law, respectively. Envelope addressed to Henry C. Ash (b. 1863), the son of Sarah J. and Samuel S. Ash. Lydia was in South Carolina visiting Martha, who was sick. Describes trouble with mail and receiving supplies from relatives in Pennsylvania.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Postal service

Relevant locations: Saint Helena Island (S.C.); Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00182673. Sarah F. Corlies letter to Martha Schofield, 1868-03-20.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Sarah Corlies was secretary of the Germantown Freedmen's Aid Association, an important source of funding for Schofield's school in Aiken. Discusses Schofield's work teaching African American freedmen. Comments on Schofield's idea of encouraging her students to become teachers themselves.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Schofield, Martha; Freedmen--Education; Teachers; Women teachers; Women in education; African Americans--Services for; African Americans--Education

Relevant locations: Germantown (Philadelphia, Pa.)

A00182674. Lydia A. Schofield letter to Sarah J. Ash, Samuel S. Ash, and their children, 1868-04-02.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Lydia A. Schofield, Sarah J. Ash, and Samuel S. Ash were Martha Schofield's sisters and brother-in-law, respectively. Envelope addressed to Oliver Howard Ash (b. 1860), the son of Sarah J. and Samuel S. Ash. Lydia was in South Carolina visiting Martha, who was sick. Discusses her travel plans for returning to Pennsylvania and the time she spent substituting for Martha as a teacher.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Schofield, Martha; Teachers; Women teachers; Women in education

Relevant locations: Saint Helena Island (S.C.); Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00182675. Lydia A. Schofield letter to Oliver Howard Ash, 1868-04-01.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Lydia Schofield was Oliver Howard Ash's aunt and the sister of Martha Schofield. Is visiting Martha on St. Helena Island, South Carolina. Discusses simple Christian theology and briefly relates interactions with African American children.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Ash, Oliver Howard (1860-1874); Theology; Freedmen

Relevant locations: Saint Helena Island (S.C.)

A00182676. Lydia A. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1868-04-20.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Lydia A. Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. Describes her seasickness traveling from St. Helena Island to Charleston and a brief visit she paid to General Robert K. Scott while there. Is returning to Pennsylvania after visiting Martha.

Subjects: Travel; Motion sickness; Scott, Robert K. (Robert Kingston), 1826-1900; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Charleston (S.C.); Beaufort (S.C.)

A00182677. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield, 1868-04-26.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Mary H. Child was Martha Schofield's mother. Describes attending several lectures. Discusses events at Quaker meeting.

Subjects: Mothers and daughters; Lectures and lecturing; Schofield, Martha; Quakers

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00182678. Sarah F. Corlies letter to Martha Schofield, 1868-04-21.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Sarah Corlies was secretary of the Germantown Freedmen's Aid Association, an important source of funding for Schofield's school in Aiken. Thanks Schofield for sending letters about her work teaching freedmen. Discusses her organization's support for Schofield's teaching.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Freedmen--Charities; African Americans--Services for; Education--Finance; Women teachers; Women in education; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Germantown (Philadelphia, Pa.); Beaufort (S.C.)

A00182679. Sadie Brouwer Bartram letter to Martha Schofield, approximately 1865-1868.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer in 1859 while teaching in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Tells Schofield about a visit from Lucretia Mott. Recently attended an abolitionist convention, where she heard speeches by Anna Dickinson, Theodore Tilton, and George Thompson. Discusses the engagements and marriages of various friends.

Subjects: Mott, Lucretia, 1793-1880; Dickinson, Anna E. (Anna Elizabeth), 1842-1932; Weddings; Schofield, Martha

A00182680. Letter fragment, approximately 1865-1868.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Fragment. Possibly written by Martha Schofield. Describes land near Beaufort, South Carolina, which the author would like to purchase in order to establish a home for elderly freedmen and a school for young freedmen.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Freedmen--Social conditions; Freedmen--Charities; Public land sales; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: South Carolina

A00182681. Elizabeth Dorsey letter to Martha Schofield, 1868-05-17.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. Dorsey was treasurer of the Germantown Freedmen's Aid Association, an important source of funding for Martha Schofield's school in Aiken. Discusses Schofield's poor health and its impact on her teaching. Talks about Yearly Meeting; tells Schofield her sister Lydia Schofield spoke well about the freedmen. Describes Lucretia Mott, who attended the meeting. Discusses setbacks in national politics.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Freedmen--Charities; Philadelphia Yearly Meeting of Friends (Hicksite : 1827-1955); Schofield, Lydia A. (Lydia Ann), 1835-1909; Mott, Lucretia, 1793-1880; Politics and government; Schofield, Martha; Health

Relevant locations: Germantown (Philadelphia, Pa.); Beaufort (S.C.)

A00182682. Ellen Murray poem to Martha Schofield, 1868-05-03.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Ellen Murray spent decades working as a teacher for African Americans in St. Helena, South Carolina and co-founded the Penn School with Laura M. Towne; Murray and Schofield met while teaching freedmen in South Carolina after the Civil War. Titled "To my May friend."

Subjects: Poetry; Spring; Schofield, Martha

A00182683. Lydia A. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1868-05-23.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Lydia A. Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. Describes her involvement at Yearly Meeting in detail and the apprehension she felt (Lydia did not entirely consider herself a Quaker). Also relays a conversation she had with Robert Corson about schools for freedmen and the possibility of buying land (see A00182680).

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Philadelphia Yearly Meeting of Friends (Hicksite : 1827-1955); Temperance; Quakers; Letter writing; Freedmen--Charities; Freedmen--Education; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00182684. Samuel S. Ash letter to Martha Schofield, 1868-05-27.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Samuel Ash was Martha Schofield's brother-in-law. Discusses Schofield's travel plans. Mentions the recent impeachment of Andrew Johnson.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Schofield, Martha

Scope and Contents

From sisters, Samuel Ash, Laura Towne and student, W.O. Ridgway, Dr. Hassenplug, Mary Taylor, Charles Scribner sending textbooks.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00182764. Lydia A. Schofield and Samuel S. Ash letter to Martha Schofield, 1868-06-01.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Lydia A. Schofield and Samuel S. Ash were Martha Schofield's sister and brother-in-law, respectively. They discuss recent events and news concerning family/friends, and wonder when Martha will be coming home from St. Helena. Ash mentions plans to visit Lucretia Mott.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Saint Helena Island (S.C.)

A00182765. Charles Scribner & Company letter to Martha Schofield, 1868-06-06.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Charles Scribner & Company have sent Schofield a copy of a new elementary textbook on geography and ask for her opinion on it.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Textbooks; Women in education; Women teachers

Relevant locations: New York (N.Y.); Beaufort (S.C.); Darby (Pa.)

A00182766. Eliza H. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1866-06-07.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Eliza H. Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. Discusses recent events and news about family/friends, including the death of "Rachie." Misses Martha. Year inferred from day of month and weekday.

Subjects: Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00182767. Laura M. Towne letter to Martha Schofield, 1868-06-14.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. Laura Matilda Towne was an abolitionist, doctor, educator, and founder of the first schools for African American freedmen. Updates Schofield on recent events since she left St. Helena Island. Discusses the lack of food available for the Island's residents. Shares news about multiple individuals including her co-teacher Ellen Murray, an African American boy named Pompey, and Schofield's student Caroline Green, from whom she has enclosed a letter (A00182768). Discusses the possibility of Schofield leaving St. Helena permanently to work in Aiken; tells her to keep in contact.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Freedmen; African Americans--Social conditions; African Americans--Education; Freedmen--Education; Women in education; Women teachers

Relevant locations: Saint Helena Island (S.C.); Darby (Pa.)

A00182768. Caroline Green letter to Martha Schofield, 1868-06.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Caroline Green was a student of Martha Schofield's. Discusses her schooling under Ellen Murray and Laura M. Towne. Enclose with a letter from Laura M. Towne to Martha Schofield (A00182767).

Subjects: African Americans--Education; Freedmen--Education; Women--Education; Women in education; Women teachers; Teacher-student relationships; Schofield, Martha; Murray, Ellen, 1834-1908; Towne, Laura M. (Laura Matilda), 1825-1901

Relevant locations: Saint Helena Island (S.C.); Beaufort (S.C.); Darby (Pa.)

A00182769. Oldden Ridgeway letter to Martha Schofield, 1868-06-29.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Oldden Ridgeway was a distant cousin of Martha Schofield. Thanks Schofield for sending a photograph of herself and expresses concern over her health. Discusses her returning home to Pennsylvania and wishes he could reunite with his friends and family. Asks Schofield to give her opinion on his sister's fiance.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Health; Sick

Relevant locations: Barnesville (Ohio); Darby (Pa.)

A00182770. J. H. Hassenplug letter to Martha Schofield, 1868-08-11.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Is glad to hear that she arrived safely, and hopes she will keep in contact. Discusses recent events and news concerning family/friends.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00182771. J. H. Hassenplug letter to Martha Schofield, 1868-08-13.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Discusses using magnetic methods to treat Schofield and her sister.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Therapeutics; Sick; Magnetic healing

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Ralston (Pa.)

A00182772. Lydia A. Schofield and Samuel S. Ash letter to Martha Schofield and Lide, 1868-08-18.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Letter written by Schofield's sister Lydia A. Schofield, Schofield's brother-in-law Samuel S. Ash, and one other person. Probably addressed to Martha Schofield, her sister(s), and her cousin Lydia. Eliza was worried after not hearing from them. Discusses recent events and news about family/friends.

Subjects: Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Ralston (Pa.)

A00182773. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield and her sister(s), 1868-08-04.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Mary H. Child was Martha Schofield's mother. Addressed to Schofield and her sibling(s), who have traveled to Ralston, Pennsylvania. Responds to a letter about their travels and discusses recent events and news concerning family/friends. Encloses a letter from Elizabeth Dorsey (A00182778).

Subjects: Personal correspondence; Voyages and travels

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Ralston (Pa.)

A00182774. Mary Taylor Stone letter to Martha Schofield, 1868-09-28.
Scope and Contents

3 pages . Mary Taylor Stone taught with Martha Schofield at the Schofield School in Aiken, South Carolina, from 1868 to 1869. Encourages Schofield to take a teaching position with her in Aiken, South Carolina; Stone is currently working at a Friends School. Wants to meet with Schofield when she returns home.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Women in education; Women teachers

Relevant locations: Hancocks Bridge (N.J.); Darby (Pa.)

A00182775. Eliza H. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1868-10-04.
Scope and Contents

3 pages . Eliza H. Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. Written for Martha to read on her way to Aiken, South Carolina, where she was going to teach freedmen. Says that Martha will be missed by her friends and family. Hopes that Martha will be happy there. Is waiting to hear that Martha has arrived safely.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Women in education; Women teachers; Farewells

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182776. Mary Taylor Stone letter to Martha Schofield, 1868-10-16.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Mary Taylor Stone taught with Martha Schofield at the Schofield School in Aiken, South Carolina, from 1868 to 1869. Is disappointed that she didn't get out yesterday. References her desire to work with Schofield in Aiken and tells Schofield to visit her.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Darby (Pa.)

A00182777. Letter to Martha Schofield, 1868-10-18.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Signed "Cs.r.b." Thanks Schofield for the circular, mentions someone named Emma, and misses Schofield. Tells her to take care in the South.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Byberry (Philadelphia, Pa.); Darby (Pa.)

A00182778. Elizabeth Dorsey letter to Martha Schofield, 1868-08-02.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Elizabeth Dorsey was a prominent teacher and treasurer of the Germantown Freedmen's Aid Society. Enclosed with a letter from Martha Schofield's mother Mary H. Child (A00182773). Has been too busy traveling to respond to Schofield's letter and hopes to meet with her once Schofield has returned from her own travels. Hopes that Schofield's travels have helped improve her health.

Subjects: Personal correspondence; Voyages and travels; Medical climatology

Relevant locations: Germantown (Philadelphia, Pa.)

Scope and Contents

From Laura Towne, Aunt Jane Price, Mother, sister Eliza, cousin Sarah, sister Lydia, Anna Bunting.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00182779. Laura M. Towne letter to Martha Schofield, 1868-11-03.
Scope and Contents

7 pages. Laura Matilda Towne was an abolitionist, doctor, educator, and founder of the first schools for African American freedmen. Schofield and Towne worked together teaching freedmen on the islands of South Carolina. Schofield is leaving to work inland at Aiken, and Towne details the inventory of Schofield's belongings she has packed for her. References the school operations on St. Helena and specific students.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Moving, Household; Packing for shipment; Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Women teachers; Women in education; Freedmen; African Americans--Services for

Relevant locations: Saint Helena Island (S.C.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182780. Jane Jackson Price letter to Martha Schofield, 1868-11-07.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Jane Jackson Price was Martha Schofield's maternal aunt. Farewell letter to Schofield, who is moving to Aiken, South Carolina, to teach African Americans. Discusses recent events and news concerning family/friends. Mentions books/magazines that will be sent to Schofield soon.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877)

Relevant locations: Pennsbury (Pa. : Township)

A00182781. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield, 1868-11-04.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Mary H. Child was Martha Schofield's mother. Farewell letter for Schofield to read on her journey to Aiken, South Carolina, where she will be teaching African Americans.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Women teachers; Women in education; African Americans--Services for; Farewells

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00182782. Family letter to Martha Schofield, 1868-11-08.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Written by her mother, Mary H. Child, and her sisters Lydia and Eliza Schofield. They hope Schofield has arrived safely in Aiken, South Carolina, and are waiting to hear from her (Schofield moved to Aiken to teach African Americans). They discuss recent events and news concerning family/friends.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Personal correspondence; Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877)

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182783. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield, 1868-11-15.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Mary H. Child was Martha Schofield's mother. Sent with a letter from Eliza and Lydia Schofield (A00182784). Wants to know how Schofield is settling into her new home in Aiken, South Carolina, and whether she is getting along with her co-teacher, Mary Taylor Stone. Discusses recent events and news of family/friends.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182784. Eliza H. Schofield and Lydia A. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1868-11-15.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Eliza and Lydia Schofield were Martha Schofield's sisters. Sent with a letter from their mother Mary H. Child (A00182783). They discuss recent events and news concerning family/friends, including their mother's sermon about temperance. Eliza wonders how Martha is settling into her new home in Aiken, South Carolina.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Personal correspondence; Household employees

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182785. Sarah Price Forsythe Letter to Martha Schofield, 1868-11-22.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Sarah Price Forsythe was Martha Schofield's cousin. Written from Millersville State Normal School (Millersville University). Discusses recent events and news about family/friends.

Subjects: Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Millersville (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182786. Eliza H. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1868-12-06.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Eliza H. Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. Sent with a letter from their mother Mary H. Child (A00182787). Discusses recent events and news about family/friends. Reacts to Martha's report of her Thanksgiving.

Subjects: Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182787. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield, 1868-12-06.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Mary H. Child was Martha Schofield's mother. Sent with a letter from Eliza Schofield (A00182786). Multiple people have contributed money to Schofield, who is furnishing her new home in Aiken, South Carolina. Child describes a Swarthmore Meeting about the construction of a building, and recounts attending a lecture by Amos Bonsall where someone lined the window sill with cayenne pepper as a prank. Discusses other recent events and news about family/friends.

Subjects: Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182788. Robert R. Corson letter to Martha Schofield, 1868-11-21.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Robert R. Corson was Corresponding Secretary for the Pennsylvania branch of the American Freedmen's Union Commission. Discusses (in an unofficial capacity) the establishment of a library at Schofield's new school and offers to send other supplies upon her request.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); American Freedman's Union Commission; Schofield, Martha; Women teachers; Women in education; African Americans--Education; Freedmen--Education; School libraries

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182789. Paxson Price and Jane Jackson Price letter to Martha Schofield, 1868-12-07.
Scope and Contents

7 pages. Paxson and Jane Price were Martha Schofield's uncle and aunt, respectively. Paxson inquires about Schofield's acclimation to her new house and employment in Aiken, South Carolina. Discusses the recent political election, reconstruction of the south, and emigration. He also contemplates the Bible, spirituality, and humanitarianism. Jane remarks on Schofield's life in Aiken, and discusses recent events and news about family/friends.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Schofield, Martha; Faith; Humanitarianism

Relevant locations: Pennsbury (Pa. : Township); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182790. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield, 1868-12-13.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Mary H. Child was Martha Schofield's mother. Sent with a letter from Eliza Schofield (A00182791). In her weekly letter to Schofield, Child primarily recounts her activities within the Quaker community, including attending an interesting lecture about the Bible. Discusses Schofield's new home in Aiken, South Carolina.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Quakers; Lectures and lecturing

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182791. Eliza H. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1868-12-13.
Scope and Contents

7 pages. Eliza H. Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. Sent with a letter from their mother (A00182790). Discusses recent events and news concerning family/friends.

Subjects: Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182792. Lydia A. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1868-12-13.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Lydia A. Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. Mentions a package of picture books for Martha from Laura Kenderdine [sp]. Also mentions attending an interesting Antislavery Meeting where Lucretia Mott, Mary Grew, Robert Purvis, and others spoke. Describes a festival where their cousin Lide spent time with Charles Burleigh Purvis. Discusses fashion in detail.

Subjects: Personal correspondence; Fashion

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00182793. Laura M. Towne letter to Martha Schofield, 1868-12-20.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Laura Matilda Towne was an abolitionist, doctor, educator, and founder of the first schools for African American freedmen. Schofield and Towne worked together teaching freedmen on the Sea Islands of South Carolina. Is glad to hear that Schofield is settling comfortably into her new house and job in Aiken. Has shipped most of Schofield's belongings to her and requests a value estimate for the remaining supplies, which she is keeping for the other teachers. Discusses news concerning St. Helena and the school, including the teachers moving to Frogmore, the enlargement of the school house, the need for supplies, and more. Mentions multiple teachers and freedmen, including Schofield's former student Caroline Green.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Schofield, Martha; Women teachers; Women in education; Freedmen--Education; African Americans--Education

Relevant locations: Saint Helena Island (S.C.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182794. Anna Webster Bunting letter to Martha Schofield, 1868-12-27.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Anna Webster Bunting was a close friend of Martha Schofield's. Discusses recent events, her poor health, and how she has fallen out of touch with their mutual friends.

Subjects: Personal correspondence; Sick

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182795. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield, 1868-12-22.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Mary H. Child was Martha Schofield's mother. Discusses recent events and news about family/friends, particularly concerning Schofield's cousin and former co-teacher Elizabeth Yarnall. Yarnall will be keeping house instead of teaching.

Subjects: Personal correspondence; Death

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182796. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield, 1868-12-27.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Mary H. Child was Martha Schofield's mother. Discusses her holiday activities, recent events, and news concerning family/friends. Briefly mentions a committee working on the formation of Swarthmore College.

Subjects: Personal correspondence; Death

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182797. Jane Jackson Price letter to Martha Schofield, 1868-1869.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Jane Jackson Price was Martha Schofield's maternal aunt. Probably sent with a letter from Schofield's sister Sarah J. Ash. Praises Schofield's work teaching African Americans in South Carolina and asks about Schofield's new school in Aiken. Discusses reading accounts by teachers such as Philena Heald about the education of African Americans.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Schofield, Martha; Heald, Philena, 1831-1878; Women teachers; Women in education; Freedmen--Education; African Americans--Education

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

Scope and Contents

Forwarded letter concerning Mr. Sumner's character. From Uncle Paxon Price, Miss Landon and Hanna Hunn (teachers at St. Helena), J. Tinchell (?), Aunt Jane, Sarah Corlies about black men in legislature, William Stone, Aunt Eliza Bell, Mother and sisters.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00182798. Letter draft, 1869.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Probably a letter draft. Addressed to "Miss Morgan" and likely written by Martha Schofield. The author defends the character of Arthur Sumner, who was principal of the Morris St. School. The enveloped scanned with this letter may not be connected to it.

Subjects: Libel and slander; Women teachers

Relevant locations: Charleston (S.C.)

A00182799. Paxson Price letter to Martha Schofield; Jane Jackson Price letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-01-03.
Scope and Contents

7 pages. Paxson and Jane Price were Martha Schofield's uncle and aunt, respectively. They inform Schofield about recent events and news concerning family/friends. Paxson discusses the education of their daughters. Jane reports that Miss Lanford will be running for County Superintendent, saying "if she succeeds will it not be a great advance to have a woman hold that position, we are all deeply interested for her [tho?] we know there will be a strong prejudice against it."

Subjects: Women--Education; Women--Political activity

Relevant locations: Pennsbury (Pa. : Township); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182800. Lydia A. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-01-03.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Lydia A. Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. Reminisces about the past year, discusses her holiday activities, and shares news about family/friends.

Subjects: Personal correspondence; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182801. S. M. Landon letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-01-07.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. S. M. Landon [sp] describes her life as a new teacher on St. Helena Island, South Carolina, where Martha Schofield previously worked. Shares news about the island's inhabitants, including teachers Laura M. Towne and Ellen Murray moving to Frogmore and Schofield's previous students. Wishes there was another teacher to help her. Is thankful for the supplies Schofield left behind when she moved to Aiken and offers to reimburse her for the canned food. Is interested in hearing about Schofield's new school.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Women teachers; Women in education; African Americans--Social conditions; African Americans--Education; Freedmen--Education; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Saint Helena Island (S.C.); Aiken (S.C.); Beaufort (S.C.)

A00182802. Rachel Price Hicks letter to Martha Schofield; Jane Jackson Price letter to Martha Schofield, 1868-01-10.
Scope and Contents

7 pages. Rachel Price Hicks and Jane Jackson Price were Martha Schofield's cousin and aunt, respectively. Reports recent events and news concerning family/friends, including the upcoming marriage of Schofield's cousin Henrietta Jackson Turner (1839-1885). Briefly discusses books to be sent to Schofield for her school.

Subjects: Personal correspondence; Marriage

Relevant locations: Pennsbury (Pa. : Township)

A00182803. J. Tinchell letter, 1869-01-16.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Signed "J. Tinchell" [sp]; addressed to a friend of Martha Schofield's. Some of the text is faded. Describes their recent holiday activities with their family, and wishes they could have spent time with the letter recipient. Discusses their work as a teacher of African Americans in Atlanta, Georgia.

Subjects: Teachers; African Americans--Education

Relevant locations: Atlanta (Ga.)

A00182804. Dr. J. H. Hassenplug letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-01-23.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Writes that he has been too busy to reply to her letter sooner. Advises Schofield on her illness and discusses his other patients including Schofield's sister Eliza Schofield.

Subjects: Sick

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182805. Paxson Price letter to Martha Schofield; Jane Jackson Price letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-01-24.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. Paxson and Jane Price were Martha Schofield's uncle and aunt, respectively. Paxson discusses the education of his daughters and the deaths of some family members. Jane discusses recent events and news concerning family/friends.

Subjects: Personal correspondence; Death

Relevant locations: Pennsbury (Pa. : Township)

A00182806. Lydia A. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-01-24.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Lydia Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. Describes the funeral of a family member and inquires about Martha's life and work in South Carolina.

Subjects: Personal correspondence; Funeral rites and ceremonies; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: South Carolina; Pennsylvania

A00182807. Hannah Hunn letter to Martha Schofield and Mary Taylor Stone, 1869-01-27.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Hannah Hunn, daughter of abolitionist John Hunn (1818-1894), taught African Americans in South Carolina after the Civil War with her sister Elizabeth Hunn Judd. Describes her holiday activities, regrets being unable to spend time with Schofield and Stone during vacation, and invites them to spend Easter on St. Helena. Shares news about individuals on St. Helena, including teachers Laura M. Towne, Ellen Murray, and others. Reports that her school will become the Normal School.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Stone, Mary Taylor, 1842-1926; Towne, Laura M. (Laura Matilda), 1825-1901; Murray, Ellen, 1834-1908; African American schools; Women teachers; Women in education

Relevant locations: Saint Helena Island (S.C.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182808. Martha Schofield letter draft, 1855-1916.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Probably a letter draft by Martha Schofield; written on "Provost Court: Criminal Docket" paper. Congratulates a couple on their engagement and marriage. Possibly written to Schofield's co-teacher Mary Taylor Stone and her husband Major William Stone, who married in 1869.

Subjects: Marriage

A00182809. Sarah F. Corlies letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-02-18.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Sallie F. Corlies was secretary of the Germantown Freedmen's Aid Association, an important source of funding for Schofield's school in Aiken. Enjoyed Schofield's illustrations of her life in Aiken. She and Elizabeth Dorsey want to visit Schofield. Comments on the letters from Schofield's students that were read at the ladies' meeting and shares her views on the intelligence of African Americans. Discusses the work of a teacher named Miss Stevens (possibly Elizabeth A. Stevens) in Murfreesboro.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Women teachers; Women in education; Freedmen--Education; African Americans--Education; Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877)

Relevant locations: Germantown (Philadelphia, Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182810. William Stone letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-02-13.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Major William Stone was a Union Army officer, Freedman's Bureau agent, and later served as Attorney General of South Carolina. He also married Martha Schofield's friend and co-teacher in Aiken, Mary Taylor Stone. Encloses a letter from an unnamed man. Has recently helped Schofield with matters concerning her school; briefly discusses Schofield's and Mary Taylor Stone's work. References events/activities concerning his relationships with Schofield and Mary Taylor Stone and considered visiting Aiken. Mentions multiple individuals. Criticizes orator Anna E. Dickinson, saying "I think her pretty face has done more for her reputation than the quality of the matter she has doled out to the lecture-going public."

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Stone, Mary Taylor, 1842-1926; Dickinson, Anna E. (Anna Elizabeth), 1842-1932; Women teachers; Women in education

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00182811. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-02-21.
Scope and Contents

7 pages. Mary H. Child was Martha Schofield's mother. Is concerned about Schofield's health. Discusses recent events and news concerning family/friends, including Schofield's newlywed cousin Henrietta Jackson Turner.

Subjects: Personal correspondence; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182812. Eliza H. Bell letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-02-21.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Eliza Bell was Martha Schofield's maternal aunt. Intends to send Schofield books and paper supplies for her school in Aiken. Discusses recent events and news concerning family/friends, including Schofield's newlywed cousin Henrietta Jackson Turner.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Personal correspondence; Death

Relevant locations: Bayside (New York, N.Y.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182813. Eliza H. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-02-21.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Eliza Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. Discusses recent events and news concerning family/friends.

Subjects: Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00182814. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-02-28.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Mary H. Child was Martha Schofield's mother. Discusses recent events and news concerning family/friends. Writes about attending multiple Quaker Meetings.

Subjects: Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182815. Sarah J. Ash letter to Martha Schofield; Lydia A. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-02-28.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. Sarah J. Ash and Lydia A. Schofield were Martha Schofield's sisters. Sarah details the wedding of their cousin Henrietta Jackson Turner. Lydia discusses recent events and news concerning family/friends. Briefly mentions listening to a sermon by Lucretia Mott.

Subjects: Personal correspondence; Weddings; Mott, Lucretia, 1793-1880

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

Scope and Contents

From mother and sisters about Sadie's engagement to Thomas Chalkley, Dr. Hassenplug, Ellen Patrick, Aunt Eliza requesting servant, William Stone, N.B. Fisk, Laura Towne, Miss Landon, Robert Corson (A.F.U.C.) about salary and school's need for local support.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00181187. William Stone letter to Martha Schofield, approximately 1868-1869.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Major William Stone was a Union Army officer, Freedman's Bureau agent, and later served as Attorney General of South Carolina. He also married Martha Schofield's friend and co-teacher in Aiken, Mary Taylor Stone. This letter is a postscript attached to a letter written to Mary Taylor Stone prior to their marriage. He talks about Schofield's school and was glad to hear that the "'Music Room' has not lost its proven reputation for its concerts." He discusses croquet and offers a penny to one of Schofield's students for her "skill in writing Roman numbers."

Subjects: Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.); Croquet; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00182685. Eliza H. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-03.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Eliza Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. She has sent Martha a book and thinks she will enjoy its depictions of women's inner emotional lives. Discusses the book's characters at length.

Subjects: Books and reading; Sentimentalism in literature; Women in literature

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00182686. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield; Lydia A. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-03-07.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. Mary Child was Martha Schofield's mother; Lydia Schofield was her sister. Child passes on news of friends and family, including several deaths; discusses newly-elected President Grant; and mentions South Carolina's establishment of racial equality before the law. Schofield's letter discusses the sickness of "Cornelia," possibly Cornelia Hancock, who had also taught freedmen in South Carolina.

Subjects: Personal correspondence; Death; Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182687. Robert R. Corson letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-03-06.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Robert Corson was Corresponding Secretary for the American Freedman's Union Commission. Encloses a check containing Schofield's salary. He is not sure whether the Association will fund schools in Aiken next year if the locals do not offer some financial support.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Teachers--Salaries, etc.; American Freedman's Union Commission; Freedmen--Charities; African American schools

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182688. Eliza H. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-03-07.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Eliza Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. She writes about her activities while staying with their aunt and uncle Jane and Paxson Price.

Subjects: Icehouses; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Pennsbury (Pa. : Township); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182689. Ellen M. Patrick letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-03-08.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Ellen M. Patrick expresses concern that Martha Schofield is not taking any medication for her "lung difficulty" and describes an article she recently read about a man who died of tuberculosis. She is writing on her 27th birthday and reflects on growing older. She mentions "Edward" and his school, which is likely a reference to Edward Willets and his school in Harrison, New York, where Schofield was a teacher from 1858 to 1859.

Subjects: Drugs; Tuberculosis; Birthdays; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Hopedale (Mass.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182690. J. H. Hassenplug letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-03-07.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Dr. Hassenplug expresses concern about Martha Schofield's health and is eager to receive word from her. He discusses President Ulysses S. Grant's inauguration and cabinet, which he regards positively, though he does not like the cold weather that Grant has brought them.

Subjects: Health; Weather; Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182691. Eliza H. Bell letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-03-14.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Eliza Bell was Martha Schofield's aunt. She thanks Schofield for sending her flowers. She discusses her recent activities and shares news of family and friends, including the engagement of Sadie Brouwer to Thomas Chalkey Bartram. She also expresses sorrow over her two daughters who died young and shares that Carrie Willets Frame recently had a stillborn child.

Subjects: Grief; Quakers; Frame, Carrie Willets (Caroline Willets), 1841-1925; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Bayside (New York, N.Y.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182692. William Stone letter to Martha Schofield, approximately 1868-1869.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Major William Stone was a Union Army officer, Freedman's Bureau agent, and later served as Attorney General of South Carolina. He also married Martha Schofield's friend and co-teacher in Aiken, Mary Taylor Stone. This letter is a postscript attached to a letter written to Mary Taylor Stone prior to their marriage. He talks about her school, a horse named "Billy," flowers, and the weather. He recommends that she reads "Thackeray's Lectures."

Subjects: Books and reading; Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.); Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00182693. William Stone letter to Martha Schofield, approximately 1868-1869.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Major William Stone was a Union Army officer, Freedman's Bureau agent, and later served as Attorney General of South Carolina. He also married Martha Schofield's friend and co-teacher in Aiken, Mary Taylor Stone. This letter is a postscript attached to a letter written to Mary Taylor Stone prior to their marriage. He congratulates Schofield on her recent croquet victories. He comments on a recent lecture given by Anna E. Dickinson of which he read the abstract, stating that "we have given the negro a fair field and his full rights. Has he any right or callous with propriety ask more for him?" He also discusses interracial marriage.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Freedmen; Interracial marriage; Croquet; Dickinson, Anna E. (Anna Elizabeth), 1842-1932; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00182694. William Stone letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-03-16.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Major William Stone was a Union Army officer, Freedman's Bureau agent, and later served as Attorney General of South Carolina. He also married Martha Schofield's friend and co-teacher in Aiken, Mary Taylor Stone. He talks extensively about coal. He discusses his travels and says that Kentucky feels like a Northern state.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Coal; Travel; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Louisville (Ky.)

A00182695. Nathaniel B. Fisk letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-03-20.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. N. B. Fisk worked with Martha Schofield on Wadmalaw Island. He thanks Schofield for the birthday bouquet she sent him. He was glad to hear to her health has improved. He talks in detail about his time at Harvard Divinity School and praises God.

Subjects: Harvard Divinity School; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Boston (Mass.); Charleston (S.C.)

A00182696. Eliza H. Bell letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-03-21.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Eliza H. Bell was Martha Schofield's aunt. She asks if Schofield knows of a "colored" person who would be interested in coming to work for her as a domestic servant. She discusses her family and the newly established Swarthmore College.

Subjects: Household employees; Swarthmore College

Relevant locations: Bayside (New York, N.Y.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182697. Laura M. Towne letter to Martha Schofield and Mary Taylor Stone, 1869-03-21.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Laura M. Towne was an abolitionist, doctor, educator, and founder of the Penn School, which was the first school for freedmen established after the Civil War. Mary Taylor Stone worked with Martha Schofield at the Schofield School in Aiken, South Carolina. She is sending medicine for Schofield after learning about her recent illness. She thanks them for the gift of the blackboard and is curious as to why Major Stone was called away. She also discusses her school and her students.

Subjects: Freedmen--Education; African Americans--Education; Women teachers; Women in education

Relevant locations: Saint Helena Island (S.C.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182698. S. M. Landon letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-03-22.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. S. M. Landon [sp] taught freedmen on Saint Helena Island in South Carolina after the Civil War. She describes the conditions on Saint Helena Island.

Subjects: Penn Center of the Sea Islands; Freedmen--Education; African Americans--Education; Women teachers; Women in education

Relevant locations: Saint Helena Island (S.C.); Charleston (S.C.)

A00182699. Eliza H. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-03-24.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Eliza Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. She describes being a bridesmaid at a recent wedding. She also describes her other recent activities and shares news of family and friends.

Subjects: Weddings; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182700. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield; Eliza H. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-03-25.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. Mary H. Child was Martha Schofield's mother and Eliza H. Schofield was her sister. Child shares that she has written a letter to the first lady, Julia Grant; she calls it a "letter of sympathy and encouragement." Both Child and Eliza Schofield react to a letter just received from Martha Schofield sharing that her closest friend Sadie Brouwer is engaged to Thomas Chalkley Bartram, and they hope that Schofield can be happy for her friend. They also share news about family and friends.

Subjects: Betrothal; Grant, Julia Dent, 1826-1902; Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00182701. Lydia A. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-03-28.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. Lydia Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. She expresses sympathy to Martha Schofield over the recent engagement of her closest friend Sadie Brouwer to Thomas Chalkley Bartram. She says that she understands the grief of no longer being "first in the heart" of one's "dearest and most cherished friend." She then shares a "secret" that her close relationship with someone named Jeannie has been "ruptured," and the severing of the relationship was not the choice of either woman but rather caused by what she refers to as the "dividing chord." She also discusses her faith, her desire to help those in need, and the recent deaths of some friends and neighbors, including a murder.

Subjects: Female friendship; Sisters--Family relationships; Faith; God; Funeral rites and ceremonies; Uxoricide; Murder; Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182702. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-03-28.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Mary Child was Martha Schofield's mother. She discusses her recent activities and talks about the Quaker Meeting she recently attended, after which a letter was read from President Ulysses S. Grant to Benjamin Hallowell stating that "it is his wish that Friends should choose members of their own society to go out as agents among [the Indians] and he will do all he can to support them."

Subjects: Quakers; Society of Friends; Indians of North America; Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00182703. Eliza H. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-03-29.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Eliza Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. She discusses the engagement of Sadie Brouwer to Thomas Charkley Bartram and wonders if "Chalk" is deserving of her. She then talks about how all of her closest friends have gotten married and discusses making a silk quilt.

Subjects: Female friendship; Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Charleston (S.C.)

Scope and Contents

From mother and sisters, William Stone about his love for Mary Taylor, Robert Corson, Lizzie Heacock, a cousin, Anna Bunting, Aunt Jane Price.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00182704. Eliza H. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-05-02.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Eliza Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. She shares recent news concerning family and friends.

Subjects: Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00182705. Eliza H. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield; Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-04-04.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. Eliza Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister and Mary Child was their mother. Eliza Schofield asks Martha about her recent trip to Charleston, South Carolina, and shares news about family and friends. Mary Child also shares news about family and friends. Both women allude to a situation involving Cornelia Hancock insulting Martha and a woman named Mary (likely Mary Taylor Stone).

Subjects: Hancock, Cornelia, 1840-1927; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182706. William Stone letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-04-04.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Major William Stone was a Union Army officer, Freedman's Bureau agent, and later served as Attorney General of South Carolina. Stone confesses to Martha Schofield that he is in love with her co-teacher at the Schofield School, Mary Taylor (whom he married in 1869). He also inquires about several aspects of the school and says that he hopes her trip to Charleston succeeded in improving her health.

Subjects: Love; Medical climatology; Women teachers; Women in education; Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.); Stone, Mary Taylor, 1842-1926; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Louisville (Ky.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182707. Lydia A. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-04-04.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Lydia Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. She writes that she has been recently reading over old letters from Martha and reminiscing. She calls Cornelia Hancock's recent conduct towards Martha "unaccountable" and adds that she pities "such an unchristian spirit" but hopes her "wickedness does not make her unhappy." She also shares recent news concerning family and friends.

Subjects: Sisters--Family relationships; Faith; Hancock, Cornelia, 1840-1927; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182708. Robert R. Corson letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-04-16.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Robert Corson was Corresponding Secretary for the American Freedman's Union Commission. He thanks Martha Schofield for sending him and his wife "sweet flowers." He says that he has to postpone his visit to the South because he is alone in the office and they have more teachers in the field than ever before. He was pleased to learn about the appointment of Basset, likely Ebenezer Bassett, who was appointed U.S. Ambassador to Haiti in 1869 and was the first African American diplomat in the U.S., and he claims that he "had a little hand in that."

Subjects: American Freedman's Union Commission; Freedmen--Charities; African Americans--Services for; Bassett, Ebenezer D., 1833-1908; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00182709. Elizabeth Hunn Judd letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-04-18.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Elizabeth "Lizzie" Hunn Judd was a Quaker from Delaware who taught at the Penn School on Saint Helena Island, South Carolina, which was one of the first schools for freedmen established after the Civil War. Judd describes the recent activities of the teachers and the new home where Laura Towne and Ellen Murray are living. She expresses frustration that the students work the fields in the morning and then are too tired for study in the afternoon. She describes attending a masquerade and sends love to Schofield's family.

Subjects: Penn Center of the Sea Islands; Freedmen--Education; Freedmen; African Americans--Education; Women teachers; Women in education; Masquerades; Towne, Laura M. (Laura Matilda), 1825-1901; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Beaufort (S.C.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182710. Sarah J. Ash letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-04-04.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Sarah Ash was Martha Schofield's sister. She rebukes the recent "unchristian" conduct of Cornelia Hancock towards Schofield. She shares news about her family and discusses the books her son Howard is reading. She describes two recent murders in her area and says that there is a man set to be executed for one of them (the other murderer killed himself).

Subjects: Books and reading; Uxoricide; Murder; Capital punishment; Hancock, Cornelia, 1840-1927; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00182711. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-04-25.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Mary Child was Martha Schofield's mother. She discusses religion and writes that she was pleased to hear that Schofield was not afraid to tell people in the South that she is a Quaker. She shares news about family and friends and transcribes a lengthy bible quote.

Subjects: Bible. New Testament; Quakers; Society of Friends; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182712. "Cousin L" letter to Martha Schofield, approximately 1861-1869.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Written from Sunnyside, which was the Price family farm. Martha Schofield's cousin (possibly Lydia) writes about the recent activities of their family members. She reacts to Schofield attending a ball, saying it sounds strange to hear of a "'Quaker cousin' participating in such frivolous amusements."

Subjects: Quakers; Society of Friends; Balls (Parties); Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Pennsbury (Pa. : Township)

A00182713. Letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-04-22.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Addressed to "Mary Schofield." From W. Ames [sp]. The writer thanks Schofield for her favor and her prompt response to their correspondence. The writer inquires about the climate in Aiken on behalf of his friend's wife who suffers from health issues; is likely referring to Lucretia Mott's grandson Henry Corbit Davis and his wife, Martha Mellor Davis, who died in France in 1874.

Subjects: Health

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182714. William Stone letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-04-22.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Major William Stone was a Union Army officer, Freedman's Bureau agent, and later served as Attorney General of South Carolina. He also married Martha Schofield's friend and co-teacher in Aiken, Mary Taylor Stone. He is glad that Schofield knows about his engagement to Mary Taylor and says he must "claim her" before she can work another year at the Schofield School. He also discusses the weather and shares his thoughts about Quakerism.

Subjects: Betrothal; Society of Friends; Quakers; Stone, Mary Taylor, 1842-1926; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Glasgow (Ky.)

A00182715. Anna Webster Bunting letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-04-25.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. Anna Webster Bunting was a close friend of Martha Schofield's. She describes her recent activities and the visitors she has entertained. She is upset that Schofield has not been writing her more often.

Subjects: Female friendship; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182716. Paxson Price letter to Martha Schofield; Jane Jackson Price letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-04-25.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Jane Price was Martha Schofield's maternal aunt, and Paxson Price was her husband. They both share news about their family members.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Pennsbury (Pa. : Township); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182717. Eliza H. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield; Lydia A. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-04-18 to 1869-04-25.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. Eliza and Lydia Schofield were Martha Schofield's sisters. Eliza wrote part of her letter over a short letter written by Lydia that was mistakenly not mailed. Eliza describes the weather, completing her spring shopping, and visiting with Lizzie Hancock. She also asks Martha to send her some croquet equipment. Lydia describes going to a "glorious meeting" and says "the good cause is progressing." She asks if Martha borrowed her "Photographic book" and requests that she return it if she did.

Subjects: Weather; Books and reading; Croquet

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

Scope and Contents

From sister Lydia, Mother, Lizzie Yarnall, William Stone, Mandy Washington and Lucy Gould (student and teacher at St. Helena), Mary Taylor, Anna Bunting, Jennie Satterthwaite, Aunt Jane Satterthwaite, Jane (teacher at Clarendon).

Physical Description

1 folder

A00182718. Lydia A. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-05-02.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Lydia Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. She describes her recent activities and shares news about family and friends.

Subjects: Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182719. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-05-02.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Mary Child was Martha Schofield's mother. She describes the local monthly meeting schedule. She also talks about her recent activities and shares news about family and friends.

Subjects: Quakers; Society of Friends; Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182720. Elizabeth Yarnall letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-05-02.
Scope and Contents

7 pages. Elizabeth "Lizzie" Yarnall taught in South Carolina with her cousin Martha Schofield in 1867. She describes sermons she has heard recently at Meeting and describes her daily activities. She also mentions that her health has been poor.

Subjects: Quakers; Society of Friends; Health; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Willistown (Pa. : Township); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182721. William Stone letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-05-14.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Major William Stone was a Union Army officer, Freedman's Bureau agent, and later served as Attorney General of South Carolina. He also married Martha Schofield's friend and co-teacher in Aiken, Mary Taylor Stone. He and his fiance Mary Taylor are trying to decide where to live after they get married but have not made any final decisions. He also discusses religion.

Subjects: Religion; Faith; Stone, Mary Taylor, 1842-1926; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Louisville (Ky.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182722. Eliza H. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-05-16.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Eliza Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. She describes Yearly Meeting and provides updates about friends and family. She is excited about a new friendship but does not share their identity.

Subjects: Philadelphia Yearly Meeting of Friends (Hicksite : 1827-1955); Friendship; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182723. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-05-16.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Mary Child was Martha Schofield's mother. She discusses Yearly Meeting and her recent visitors. She describes discussing Schofield's recent issues with Cornelia Hancock with one of her visitors. She also discusses Swarthmore College and the fundraising they have been doing for the school.

Subjects: Philadelphia Yearly Meeting of Friends (Hicksite : 1827-1955); Hancock, Cornelia, 1840-1927; Swarthmore College

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182724. Lucy J. Gould letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-05-20.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Lucy Gould taught freedmen in South Carolina after the Civil War. She enjoyed hearing about Schofield's recent travels, including a trip to Mammoth Cave in Kentucky, and asks many questions in preparation for her own upcoming travels.

Subjects: Women teachers; Women in education; Travel; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Saint Helena Island (S.C.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182725. Monday Washington letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-05-13.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Monday Washington was a former student of Martha Schofield's when she was teaching on Wadmalaw Island in South Carolina. Writes that he and all the students were very disappointed when they learned that Schofield was not coming back to their school. He was hoping Schofield would return and teach him how to write. He hopes to put together a box to send to Schofield and all her children in Aiken.

Subjects: African American schools; African Americans--Education; Freedmen--Education; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Saint Helena Island (S.C.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182726. Mary Taylor Stone letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-05-22.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Mary Taylor Stone taught with Martha Schofield at the Schofield School in Aiken, South Carolina, from 1868 to 1869. She describes making a new friend while travelling to Charleston, South Carolina, and then shopping in Charleston with her new friend. She also shares some news about friends and family.

Subjects: Female friendship; Travel; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Charleston (S.C.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182727. Anna Webster Bunting letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-05-22.
Scope and Contents

10 pages. Anna Webster Bunting was a close friend of Martha Schofield's. She writes about visiting Lizzie Biddle, whose health is very poor after getting divorced. She says that her husband, John Bunting, attended Yearly Meeting and was very interested in the "Indian affairs." She then talks about her and John's religious differences and the different sects of Christianity.

Subjects: Divorce; Divorced women; Interfaith marriage; Faith; Christianity; Philadelphia Yearly Meeting of Friends (Hicksite : 1827-1955); Bunting, John, 1839-1904

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182728. Jane D. Satterthwait letter to Martha Schofield; Jane J. Satterthwait letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-05-28.
Scope and Contents

10 pages. Jane D. Satterthwait was the second wife of Martha Schofield's uncle through marriage, Charles Satterthwaite (b. 1813); Jane "Jennie" J. Satterthwait was the daughter of Charles Satterthwaite and his first wife, Phebe Jackson Satterthwaite (1815-1857). Jane describes the recent health issues affecting Charles and invites Schofield visit them when she is again in the area. Jennie writes about Yearly Meeting and shares news about her family.

Subjects: Sciatica; Philadelphia Yearly Meeting of Friends (Hicksite : 1827-1955); Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Crosswicks (N.J.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182729. William Stone letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-06-17.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. Major William Stone was a Union Army officer, Freedman's Bureau agent, and later served as Attorney General of South Carolina. He also married Martha Schofield's friend and co-teacher in Aiken, Mary Taylor Stone. He and Mary Taylor have not yet decided where they will live after they get married, but it will not be in Aiken, South Carolina. He is grateful for the close friendship between Schofield and Mary Taylor, and he, too, considers Schofield to be one of his best friends.

Subjects: Stone, Mary Taylor, 1842-1926; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Louisville (Ky.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182730. Jane Heacock letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-06-13.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Addressed from Clarendon to "Dear Girls" but does not identify the second recipient. Most likely written by Jane Heacock, a Quaker from Pennsylvania who taught freedmen in South Carolina after the Civil War. She says that they have decided not to return to teach in South Carolina next winter, likely referring to herself and her sisters who were also teachers. Though she will miss the students, she wants to go someplace where she "can do better." She shares that Laura Towne is planning to keep the Penn School open until mid-July and that all are well on Saint Helena Island. She also talks about playing croquet.

Subjects: Croquet; Women teachers; Women in education; Freedmen--Education; Penn School (Saint Helena Island, S.C.)

Relevant locations: Yemassee (S.C.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182731. Anna Webster Bunting letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-06-17.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Anna Webster Bunting was a close friend of Martha Schofield's. She is eagerly anticipating Schofield's upcoming visit to Pennsylvania. She writes that her husband, John Bunting, has gone to Boston to attend the National Peace Jubilee, which was an event held on June 15, 1869 commemorating the end of the Civil War. She comments of the benefits of reading books with another person as Schofield does with Mary Taylor Stone and Bunting does with her husband.

Subjects: Books and reading; Bunting, John, 1839-1904; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182732. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield; Eliza H. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-06-16.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Mary Child was Martha Schofield's mother. She describes attending some funerals and some of her other recent activities. She says that the managers will be deciding that day whether or not Swarthmore College will open in the fall. Schofield's sister Eliza Schofield wrote a very brief note on the last page.

Subjects: Swarthmore College; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182733. Mary Taylor Stone letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-06-27.
Scope and Contents

7 pages. Mary Taylor Stone taught with Martha Schofield at the Schofield School in Aiken, South Carolina, from 1868 to 1869. Stone has just read a letter from Schofield in which she confided that she was heartbroken over a lost love who is not identified. She expresses love for Schofield and wishes that she could be with her during this trying time. She also describes her activities since arriving in Charleston, South Carolina, including attending the circus.

Subjects: Female friendship; Personal correspondence; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Charleston (S.C.); Darby (Pa.)

Scope and Contents

From Sadie, Mary Taylor Stone and William Stone about their marriage, her sisters and Samuel Ash.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00182734. Sadie Brouwer Bartram letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-07-02.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Possibly a fragment. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Bartram talks about her excitement to marry Thomas Chalkley Bartram and to take on her wifely duties. The wedding is supposed to take place in October but may have to be postponed for a year so she can tend to her family.

Subjects: Female friendship; Marriage; Bartram, Thomas Chalkley, 1835-1931; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.)

A00182735. Mary Taylor Stone letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-07-08.
Scope and Contents

7 pages. Mary Taylor Stone taught with Martha Schofield at the Schofield School in Aiken, South Carolina, from 1868 to 1869. She describes her recent activities and the people she has visited with, including the Annie and Jane Heacock. She hopes that Annie Heacock will go to Aiken, South Carolina, with Schofield.

Subjects: Female friendship; Personal correspondence; Heacock, Annie, 1838-1932; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Charleston (S.C.); Darby (Pa.)

A00182736. Mary Taylor Stone letter to Martha Schofield; William Stone letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-07-27.
Scope and Contents

7 pages. Mary Taylor Stone taught with Martha Schofield at the Schofield School in Aiken, South Carolina, from 1868 to 1869. She describes being in New England and meeting the family of her fiance, Major William Stone. She does not think she wants to live in New England after they get married. Major Stone added a brief note at the end sending Schofield his love and stating that Mary is "loved by all here."

Subjects: Female friendship; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Newton (Mass.); Darby (Pa.)

A00182737. William Stone letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-07-06.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. Major William Stone was a Union Army officer, Freedman's Bureau agent, and later served as Attorney General of South Carolina. He also married Martha Schofield's friend and co-teacher in Aiken, Mary Taylor Stone. He has a letter for Schofield from Major Emerson, who had done Schofield a favor. He is looking forward to being reunited with his fiance, Mary Taylor, and they will go to New England because he has received orders relieving him of his duties. He has had several recent speaking engagements where he has been talking to freedmen about education. He also discusses attending Fourth of July celebrations.

Subjects: Freedmen--Education; Fourth of July celebrations; Stone, Mary Taylor, 1842-1926; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Louisville (Ky.); Darby (Pa.)

A00182738. Mary Taylor Stone letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-08-22.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Mary Taylor Stone taught with Martha Schofield at the Schofield School in Aiken, South Carolina, from 1868 to 1869. She describes her recent activities and expresses how much she misses Aiken and wishes she could be with Schofield for another year. She is trying to set a date for her wedding to Major William Stone and wants to know what day and time would work best for Schofield.

Subjects: Weddings--Planning; Female friendship; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Pennsbury (Pa. : Township); Darby (Pa.)

A00182739. Mary Taylor Stone letter to Martha Schofield; William Stone letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-10-28.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Mary Taylor Stone taught with Martha Schofield at the Schofield School in Aiken, South Carolina, from 1868 to 1869. She is on her honeymoon in Niagara Falls, New York, after marrying Major William Stone. She describes their journey to Niagara and seeing the falls. They are headed to Minneapolis, Minnesota, next. Major Stone adds a brief note expressing gratitude for Schofield's close friendship with Mary.

Subjects: Honeymoons; Newlyweds; North America--Niagara Falls; Female friendship; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Niagara Falls (N.Y.); Darby (Pa.)

A00182740. Mary Taylor Stone letter to Martha Schofield; Fannie A. Tudor letter to Mary Taylor Stone, 1869-09-27-1869-10-02.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Mary Taylor Stone taught with Martha Schofield at the Schofield School in Aiken, South Carolina, from 1868 to 1869. She describes going to the theater and seeing Booth, likely Edwin Booth, in Hamlet. She says that she felt Hamlet was more of a comedy than a tragedy. She also discusses some of her other recent activities, including getting several dresses which were likely for her upcoming wedding to Major William Stone. She encloses a letter written to her by Fannie A. Tudor in which she describes plans to go to Wadmalaw Island where she will be mistress of a colored school. Tudor writes that "there is a wide field for usefulness among the freedmen."

Subjects: Theater; Hamlet (Shakespeare, William); Clothing and dress; Freedmen--Education; African Americans--Services for; Women in education; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); New Castle (N.Y. : Town)

A00182741. Lydia A. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-11-03.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Lydia Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. She wrote Martha this letter to be read while travelling back to Aiken, South Carolina from her family home in Darby, Pennsylvania. She expresses her love for Martha and her admiration for her and all the good work she is doing. She feels sympathy for Martha after the marriage of her closest friend Sadie Brouwer Bartram.

Subjects: Sisters; Farewells; Freedmen--Education; African Americans--Education; Women teachers; Women in education; Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00182742. Mary Taylor Stone letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-11-03.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Mary Taylor Stone taught with Martha Schofield at the Schofield School in Aiken, South Carolina, from 1868 to 1869. She has just married Major William Stone and they are travelling. She describes their activities in Minneapolis and the people they have visited with. She implores Schofield to write to her all about the Schofield School in Aiken, South Carolina, after she returns to it. There is a brief note added to the first page by "H.S."

Subjects: Travel; Newlyweds; Female friendship; Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.); Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Minneapolis (Minn.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182743. Sarah J. Ash and Samuel S. Ash letter to Martha Schofield; Sarah J. Ash letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-11-03.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Sarah Ash was Martha Schofield's sister and Samuel Ash was Sarah's husband. The first letter is from Sarah and Samuel Ash and praises the work Schofield is doing for the "heathens of South Carolina." The second letter is just from Sallie Ash, and she writes that she will miss Schofield but knows that God is with her.

Subjects: Farewells; Schofield, Martha

A00182744. Sadie Brouwer Bartram letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-11-03.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Bartram writes a goodbye letter to Schofield, who is returning to her school in Aiken, South Carolina. She expresses love for Schofield, writing that "to thee alone and to my God have I revealed my own true feeling; none others can ever know."

Subjects: Farewells; Female friendship; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00182745. Eliza H. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-11-03.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Eliza Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. She bids Schofield farewell and commends the work that she in doing in the South.

Subjects: Farewells; Schofield, Martha

A00182746. Lydia A. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield; Eliza H. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-11-07.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Lydia and Eliza Schofield were Martha Schofield's sisters. Lydia shares news about their family and writes that Sadie Brouwer Bartram and her husband, Thomas Chalkley Bartram, came to visit them. Eliza describes her recent activities and discusses family and friends.

Subjects: Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182747. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield; Eliza H. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield; Sarah J. Ash letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-11-14.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Mary Child was Martha Schofield's mother, and Eliza Schofield and Sarah Ash were Martha Schofield's sisters. Child describes attending the inauguration of Swarthmore College, an event that included James and Lucretia Mott planting oak trees and speeches given by Dr. George Truman, Edward Parrish, Lucretia Mott, and others. Eliza briefly shares news about some friends. Ash's letter appears to be fragment. She writes about visiting with "Nellie" and shares news about family and friends.

Subjects: Swarthmore College; Mott, Lucretia, 1793-1880; Mott, James, 1788-1868; Truman, George; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182748. Mary Taylor Stone letter to Martha Schofield; Margaret Wynne letter to Mary Taylor Stone, 1869-11-04 to 1869-11-14.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. Mary Taylor Stone taught with Martha Schofield at the Schofield School in Aiken, South Carolina, from 1868 to 1869. She has just married Major William Stone and they are travelling. She describes their future travel plans, which includes plans to spend Christmas in Charleston, South Carolina, and they hope that Schofield will come join them there. They still do not know where they are going to settle but are leaning towards Philadelphia or South Carolina. She encloses a letter to her from Margaret Wynne congratulating her on her marriage and sharing news about some teachers in South Carolina.

Subjects: Newlyweds; Women teachers; Women in education; Stone, William, 1842-1897; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Minneapolis (Minn.); Aiken (S.C.); Charleston (S.C.)

Scope and Contents

From sister Eliza, Anna Bunting, Aunt Jane, Mary Stone, Laura Towne, Mother. From Aunt Eliza Bell to mother about Martha and Swarthmore College. From Carrie (Taylor?) to Mary Taylor Stone.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00182749. Eliza H. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-11-21.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Eliza Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. She discusses recent events concerning family and friends, including Martha's closest friend Sadie Brouwer Bartram.

Subjects: Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182750. Caroline Taylor Corbin letter to Mary Taylor Stone, 1869-11-21.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Mary Taylor Stone taught with Martha Schofield at the Schofield School in Aiken, South Carolina, from 1868 to 1869. Carrie Corbin was Mary Stone's sister. She is eagerly awaiting Stone's arrival in Charleston. She has been looking for potential jobs in South Carolina for Stone and her husband, Major William Stone. This letter was sent to Schofield by Mary Stone with A00182755.

Subjects: Stone, Mary Taylor, 1842-1926; Stone, William, 1842-1897

Relevant locations: Charleston (S.C.)

A00182751. Anna Webster Bunting letter to Martha Schofield, 1868-11-23.
Scope and Contents

7 pages. Anna Webster Bunting was a close friend of Martha Schofield's. She wishes Schofield success and good health while teaching in Aiken, South Carolina, and hopes she will get along well with her companion, Mary Taylor Stone. She describes in detail the mental illness and suicide attempts of her mother-in-law.

Subjects: Mental illness; Suicidal behavior; Bunting, John, 1839-1904; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182752. Eliza H. Bell letter to Mary H. Child, 1869-11-23.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Mary Child was Martha Schofield's mother, and Eliza Bell was Child's sister. She shares news about family and friends.

Subjects: Bell, Abraham, 1841-1914

Relevant locations: Bayside (New York, N.Y.)

A00182753. Jane Jackson Price letter to Martha Schofield, 1867-11-26.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Jane Price was Martha Schofield's maternal aunt. She shares news about family and friends and expresses concern about Schofield's health. She describes collecting clothing for those in need in the South after being assigned to a committee at her Monthly Meeting. She adds that Philena Heald has a desire to go to the South.

Subjects: Quakers; Society of Friends; Heald, Philena, 1831-1878; Schofield, Martha

A00182754. Jane Jackson Price letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-11-27.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Jane Price was Martha Schofield's maternal aunt. She discusses her health, shares news about her family, and thanks Schofield for her letter that was so funny it caused her husband, Paxson Price, to "raise both feet from the floor at once." She wants Schofield to keep her informed of any love affairs she has.

Subjects: Forsythe, Sarah Price, 1844-1914; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Pennsbury (Pa. : Township)

A00182755. Mary Taylor Stone letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-11-28.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Mary Taylor Stone taught with Martha Schofield at the Schofield School in Aiken, South Carolina, from 1868 to 1869. She has just married Major William Stone, and they have been travelling. She is still unsure where Major Stone will take a job and where they will settle. She describes their activities in Minneapolis and expresses how much she adores her new husband.

Subjects: Newlyweds; Stone, William, 1842-1897; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Minneapolis (Minn.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182756. Laura M. Towne letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-11-29.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Laura Matilda Towne was an abolitionist, doctor, educator, and founder of the first schools for African American freedmen. She shares with Schofield her expense report which has been sent to Robert R. Corson of the American Freedman's Union Commission. She complains that the teachers at her school are overwhelmed by large class sizes and has hopes that the Commission will send another teacher. She also discusses the teachers at her school.

Subjects: Women teachers; Freedmen--Education; Women in education; African Americans--Education; Heacock, Annie, 1838-1932; Penn School (Saint Helena Island, S.C.)

Relevant locations: Beaufort (S.C.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182757. Eliza H. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-11-30.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Eliza Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. She writes that she feels slighted after not being invited to Phebe's party. Sadie and Thomas Chalkley Bartram recently stayed with them, and they had a nice visit. She also discusses her health.

Subjects: Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878; Bartram, Thomas Chalkley, 1835-1931; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182758. Mary Taylor Stone letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-12-17.
Scope and Contents

7 pages. Mary Taylor Stone taught with Martha Schofield at the Schofield School in Aiken, South Carolina, from 1868 to 1869. She has just married Major William Stone and they have been travelling. She is thankful for the picture of Schofield and reminisces about their relationship. She describes her and Major Stone's activities in Minneapolis. They will likely go South after Christmas. She asks for news about the Schofield School and everyone there.

Subjects: Female friendship; Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.); Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Minneapolis (Minn.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182759. Eliza H. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-12-19.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Eliza Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. She discusses recent events involving family and friends, including Sadie Bartram.

Subjects: Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182760. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-12-19.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Mary Child was Martha Schofield's mother. She is concerned about Schofield's health and hopes Schofield is being honest with her about it. She describes her recent activities, which included attending the Indian Committee meeting. She also discusses family and friends, including the recent death of a friend's friend who fell through the ice while skating.

Subjects: Quakers; Society of Friends; Skating; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00182761. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield; Eliza H. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-12-23.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Mary Child was Martha Schofield's mother, and Eliza Schofield was her sister. Child responds to Schofield's concern that she has not received the barrel of gifts that were sent by the family. She adds that she will be taking in a 13-year-old girl brought up from the South by Annie Heacock while their housekeeper is away, and then will help find the girl employment as a domestic servant. Eliza talks about their cousin Sallie Price Forsythe.

Subjects: Household employees; Heacock, Annie, 1838-1932; Forsythe, Sarah Price, 1844-1914; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00182762. Mary Taylor Stone letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-12-26.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Mary Taylor Stone taught with Martha Schofield at the Schofield School in Aiken, South Carolina, from 1868 to 1869. She has just married Major William Stone and they have been travelling. They plan to head south on January 5th and will visit Schofield in Aiken. She describes their Christmas activities.

Subjects: Travel; Christmas; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Minneapolis (Minn.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182763. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-12-26.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Mary Child was Martha Schofield's mother. She has learned that Schofield is planning to buy a lot of land in South Carolina and she offers financial advice. She discusses the family's Christmas activities and enumerates the gifts that everyone received. She shares that former Secretary of War Edwin Stanton died shortly after being nominated to the Supreme Court. She is anxious to know if Schofield has received the barrel they sent her a while back.

Subjects: Bonds; Christmas; Stanton, Edwin M. (Edwin McMasters), 1814-1869; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

Scope and Contents

Recommendation of Martha from Arthur Sumner at Shaw School. From mother and sisters, Mary Taylor Stone, Carrie Corlies, William Stone. To General O.O. Howard about building school on her property, to sisters about desire to build school.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00182817. Arthur Sumner letter of recommendation, 1870-01-28.
Scope and Contents

1 page. Written from the "Shaw School Charleston." Letter of recommendation praising Martha Schofield's "superior abilities" and "devotion and intelligence." Sumner says her would be glad to have her in his school again.

Subjects: Employment references; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Charleston (S.C.); Columbia (S.C.)

A00182818. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-05.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Mary Child was Martha Schofield's mother. She writes that seven U.S. Senators visited Swarthmore College and relates that when Hannibal Hamlin asked Dillwyn Parrish to explain their method of worship, he proclaimed that he had "been a Quaker for a long time and did not know it." She then preaches about Quakerism and how she wishes more people could find the Society of Friends. She wishes Schofield could come to Yearly Meeting but does not want her to risk her health.

Subjects: Quakers; Society of Friends; Inner Light; Swarthmore College; Hamlin, Hannibal, 1809-1891; Parrish, Dillwyn, 1809-1886; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182819. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield; Eliza H. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-01-16.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Mary Child was Martha Schofield's mother, and Eliza Schofield was her sister. Child complains about the Southern girl working for her and her poor cooking skills. She also comments on some recent controversy involving Harriet Beecher Stowe defending Lady Byron and the President not serving "intoxicating drinks" at a recent event. Eliza describes her recent activities and shares news about family and friends.

Subjects: Women household employees; Temperance; Stowe, Harriet Beecher, 1811-1896; Byron, Anne Isabella Milbanke Byron, Baroness, 1792-1860; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182820. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield; Eliza H. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield; Sarah J. Ash letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-01-03.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. Mary Child was Martha Schofield's mother, and Eliza Schofield and Sarah Ash were her sisters. Child was very pleased to learn that Schofield received the barrel of gifts they had sent before Christmas which they feared had been stolen. Ash and Eliza Schofield describe visiting Sadie and Chalkley Bartram.

Subjects: Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878; Bartram, Thomas Chalkley, 1835-1931

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182821. Lydia A. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-01-06.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Lydia Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. She recently had a bad fall and is recovering. She describes her recent activities and shares news about family and friends.

Subjects: Heacock, Annie, 1838-1932

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182822. Eliza H. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield; Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-01-08-1870-01-09.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. Eliza Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister, and Mary Child was her mother. Eliza discusses the weather and some books she has recently read. Child writes about the young girl working in their household whom Annie Heacock had brought from the South.

Subjects: Books and reading; Household employees; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182823. Mary Taylor Stone letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-01-08.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Mary Taylor Stone taught with Martha Schofield at the Schofield School in Aiken, South Carolina, from 1868 to 1869. She has recently married Major William Stone, and they have been travelling since their wedding. She looks forward to arriving in Aiken soon and seeing Schofield.

Subjects: Travel

Relevant locations: Indianapolis (Ind.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182824. Mary Taylor Stone letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-01-09.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. Mary Taylor Stone taught with Martha Schofield at the Schofield School in Aiken, South Carolina, from 1868 to 1869. She has recently married Major William Stone, and they have been travelling since their wedding. She writes that she is looking for more lucrative employment for Schofield despite Schofield telling her that she expected to teach as long as she stayed in the South. She adds that she longs for the day when "women get paid as they deserve to be." Alludes to having children in the future. She describes her Christmas activities and plans visit Aiken soon.

Subjects: Travel; Women's rights; Women teachers; Christmas; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Charleston (S.C.)

A00182825. Carrie Taylor Corbin letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-01-09.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Carrie Taylor Corbin was a teacher of freedmen in South Carolina until marrying Major David Corbin. She apologizes for not writing to Schofield sooner. She invites her to spend Easter with her in Charleston. She also talks about the work her husband has been doing.

Subjects: Corbin, David T. (David Timothy)

Relevant locations: Charleston (S.C.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182826. Martha Schofield letter to O. O. Howard, 1870-01-17.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. This letter appears to be a draft because it contains numerous edits and is not signed. O. O. Howard was a Union general, commissioner of the Freedmen's Bureau, and was a founder and president of Howard University. Schofield expresses concern that the Methodists have been given money to build a church and a schoolhouse because she fears that they will not build an acceptable schoolhouse.

Subjects: Land use; School buildings--Finance; Methodists; Howard, O. O. (Oliver Otis), 1830-1909; Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877)

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00182827. Edward L. Deane letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-01-20.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Major Edward Deane was the assistant commissioner and chief superintendent of schools for the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands in South Carolina. He informs Schofield that money has been appropriated for the Methodists to build a church and a school; he says the matter is out of his hands, even though he does agree with some of Schofield's arguments against it.

Subjects: Land use; School buildings--Finance; Methodists; United States. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands; Schofield, Martha; Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877)

Relevant locations: Columbia (S.C.)

A00182828. Martha Schofield letter to her sisters, 1870-01-22.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Schofield describes hosting her former co-teacher Mary Taylor Stone and her husband Major William Stone for a lengthy visit, which included a "masked party." She discusses her attempts to encourage "Bureau money" to be allocated to build a non-sectarian school building on her lot of land, rather than being given to the Methodists to build a church and schoolhouse. She hopes that if the Freedmen's Bureau is dissolved they put General O. O. Howard at the head of the Educational Bureau and "all will be right." She expects to spend Easter with Carrie Taylor Corbin, Major David Corbin, and the Stones in Charleston. She also adds that she is keeping busy trying to get her former students settled, including Lawrence Obanyon Posey and Allen A. Scott.

Subjects: Land use; School buildings--Finance; Stone, Mary Taylor, 1842-1926; Stone, William, 1842-1897; Corbin, David T. (David Timothy); Howard, O. O. (Oliver Otis), 1830-1909; Schofield, Lydia A. (Lydia Ann), 1835-1909; Posey, L. O. (Lawrence Obanyon), 1850-; Scott, Allen A., 1853?-; Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Women in education

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00182829. Mary Taylor Stone letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-01-22.
Scope and Contents

7 pages. Mary Taylor Stone taught with Martha Schofield at the Schofield School in Aiken, South Carolina, from 1868 to 1869. She describes her activities since arriving in Charleston. She is grateful for having such a nice visit with Schofield recently in Aiken.

Subjects: Stone, William, 1842-1897

Relevant locations: Charleston (S.C.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182830. William Stone letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-01-25.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Major William Stone was a Union Army officer, Freedman's Bureau agent, and later served as Attorney General of South Carolina. He also married Martha Schofield's friend and co-teacher in Aiken, Mary Taylor Stone. He tells Schofield that there is probably no use for her to continue "fighting the claims of the Methodists" over funds being allocated to them by the Bureau to build a church and a schoolhouse. He also suggests that she persist with making an appeal for funds to build a school on her lot of land. He says he has included a letter to Schofield from Major Edward Deane (likely A00182827).

Subjects: Land use; School buildings--Finance; Deane, E. L. (Edward Luther), 1837-1903; Howard, O. O. (Oliver Otis), 1830-1909; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Charleston (S.C.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182831. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield; Lydia A. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-01-30.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. Mary Child was Martha Schofield's mother, and Lydia Schofield was her sister. Child discusses the weather and her recent activities. She discusses having "Samuel" send Schofield some money. Lydia writes that the recent death of Louis Gottschalk has led her to reconnect with an old friend named John, with whom she had often listened to Gottschalk. She copies a lengthy extract from a letter written to her from John.

Subjects: Quakers; Society of Friends; Gottschalk, Louis Moreau, 1829-1869; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182832. Mary Taylor Stone letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-01-30.
Scope and Contents

7 pages. Mary Taylor Stone taught with Martha Schofield at the Schofield School in Aiken, South Carolina, from 1868 to 1869. She writes that she is going to Philadelphia to tend to her sister Almira whose daughter was recently badly burned by scalding water. Her husband, Major William Stone, will not be going with her. She talks about her recent activities and shares that Cornelia Hancock came to Charleston but did not come to see her.

Subjects: Burns and scalds in children; Hancock, Cornelia, 1840-1927

Relevant locations: Charleston (S.C.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182833. Mary Taylor Stone letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-01-31.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Mary Taylor Stone taught with Martha Schofield at the Schofield School in Aiken, South Carolina, from 1868 to 1869. She writes that she has just received news that her young niece has died after being burned by scalding water. She is heartbroken and hopes that her sister Almira will come and stay with her and their other sister Carrie Taylor Corbin while she is grieving over the death of her daughter.

Subjects: Burns and scalds in children; Children--Death; Grief

Relevant locations: Charleston (S.C.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00183371. William Warren Woodruff letter to Elizabeth Dorsey, 1870-01-11.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. William Woodruff was the principal of Lincoln University's preparatory department; Elizabeth Dorsey was a funder of the Schofield School in Aiken, South Carolina. Discusses the price and logistics of having one of the Schofield School's students, Lawrence Obanyon Posey, attend Lincoln University.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); African American students; African Americans--Education; Education--Costs

Relevant locations: Oxford (Pa.)

Scope and Contents

From mother and sisters, W.W. Woodruff and J.N. Rendall (Lincoln University) about L.O. Posey (her former student), William Stone, Robert Corson advising her not to give an inch on the school building.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00182834. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-02-06.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Mary Child was Martha Schofield's mother. She is concerned that Schofield is overworking herself while trying to get a schoolhouse built on her lot of land, running her school, and helping her former students. She discusses attending Quarterly Meeting and shares that Lucy Bunting, John Bunting's mother, has been taken to Frankford Asylum after multiple suicide attempts. She briefly discusses Schofield's former student Lawrence Obanyon Posey, and expresses hope that the legislature will abolish capital punishment.

Subjects: Friends' Asylum for the Insane; Capital punishment--Law and legislation; Posey, L. O. (Lawrence Obanyon), 1850-; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182835. Mary Taylor Stone letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-02-07.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Mary Taylor Stone taught with Martha Schofield at the Schofield School in Aiken, South Carolina, from 1868 to 1869. She is preparing for her former student, Lawrence Obanyon Posey, to come and stay with her in her sister Carrie Taylor Corbin's home. She and her family are still grieving over the death of her young niece. She is still hopeful that her sister Almira will come stay with her.

Subjects: Bereavement; Posey, L. O. (Lawrence Obanyon), 1850-; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Charleston (S.C.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182836. Mary Taylor Stone letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-02-10.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Mary Taylor Stone taught with Martha Schofield at the Schofield School in Aiken, South Carolina, from 1868 to 1869. Lawrence Obanyon Posey, her former student from the Aiken School, is staying with her, and she describes the places they have visited together. She comments on his inquisitive nature and eagerness to learn. She is pleased to report that her sister Almira is coming to Charleston to stay with her and their other sister Carrie Taylor Corbin.

Subjects: Posey, L. O. (Lawrence Obanyon), 1850-; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Charleston (S.C.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182837. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield; Sister letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-02-13.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. Mary Child was Martha Schofield's mother, and the second letter was written by one of Martha Schofield's sisters. Child relates how they took in an African American boy to work in their home and bought him clothing, and then discovered that he took everything they bought him and ran off. She expresses concern that Martha has been having fainting spells. The second letter was likely either written by Eliza Schofield. She tells Martha that she wishes she would leave the South and not overexert herself helping the African Americans whom she feels are not worthy of the help. She uses a racial slur to refer to African Americans, expresses disdain for the Irish and the "Indians," and then adds her opinion that white people are "the Superior race."

Subjects: African American household employees; Racism; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182838. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield; Sister letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-02-27.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. Mary Child was Martha Schofield's mother, and the second writer was likely her sister Eliza Schofield. They both share news about family and friends. Child relates that a small fire broke out in their home, but it was not serious.

Subjects: Personal correspondence; Fires

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182839. Isaac N. Rendall letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-02-19.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. Isaac N. Rendall was president of Lincoln University. Discusses Martha Schofield's former student Lawrence Obanyon Posey, who had just arrived at Lincoln. Describes his religious condition and tells Schofield to continue encouraging him in his studies. Discusses William Woodruff, principal of Lincoln's preparatory department. Also discusses Allen A. Scott, another student of Schofield's, and summarizes what Schofield has said about his life. Says Scott is welcome at the university.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Posey, L. O. (Lawrence Obanyon), 1850-; Scott, Allen A., 1853?-; Woodruff, William Warren, 1825-1912; African American students; African Americans--Education

Relevant locations: Oxford (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182840. William Stone letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-03-04.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Major William Stone was a Union Army officer, Freedman's Bureau agent, and later served as Attorney General of South Carolina. He also married Martha Schofield's friend and co-teacher in Aiken, Mary Taylor Stone. He is very sad over the death of his nephew Lawrence Corbin. He writes that he talked to Major Edward Deane, who told him that he will most likely be able to have a schoolhouse built on Schofield's lot of land. He adds that he will be glad to be of any further assistance to Schofield regarding the matter.

Subjects: School buildings--Finance; Stone, Mary Taylor, 1842-1926; Corbin, Carrie Taylor (Caroline Taylor), 1846-1876; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Washington (D.C.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182841. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-03-06.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Mary Child was Martha Schofield's mother. She shares recent news concerning family and friends, primarily discussing the recent death of Sarah H. Price, the daughter of Isaiah Price and Lydia Heald Price.

Subjects: Death; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182842. Mary Taylor Stone letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-03-07.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Mary Taylor Stone taught with Martha Schofield at the Schofield School in Aiken, South Carolina, from 1868 to 1869. Her household is in mourning after the recent death of her nephew, Lawrence Corbin. She and her other sister Almira, who is visiting them in Charleston after the death of her young daughter, plan to visit Schofield in Aiken next week.

Subjects: Bereavement; Corbin, Carrie Taylor (Caroline Taylor), 1846-1876; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Charleston (S.C.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182843. Mary Taylor Stone letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-03-14.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Mary Taylor Stone taught with Martha Schofield at the Schofield School in Aiken, South Carolina, from 1868 to 1869. She writes that she and her sister Almira have arrived home safely after visiting Schofield in Aiken. Describes her activities since arriving home, including going to the Unitarian Church. She closes her letter because two of her former pupils from Mount Pleasant have come to visit her.

Subjects: Travel; Unitarian churches; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Charleston (S.C.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182844. Robert R. Corson letter to Martha Schofield, 1869-1870.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Robert R. Corson was Corresponding Secretary for the Pennsylvania branch of the American Freedman's Union Commission and the Pennsylvania Freedmen's Relief Association. He advises Schofield not to allow the Bureau to build something she does not approve of on her lot of land, likely referring to their plans to fund the construction of a Methodist church and schoolhouse.

Subjects: Land use; School buildings--Finance; Schofield, Martha

A00182845. Lydia A. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-03-16.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. Lydia Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. She writes at length about the sad and unexpected death of Sarah H. Price, daughter of Isaiah Price and Lydia Heald Price. She adds that Elizabeth Yarnall's health is very poor, and they expect her to pass at any moment.

Subjects: Death; Philosophy

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182846. Mary Taylor Stone letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-03-25.
Scope and Contents

7 pages. Mary Taylor Stone taught with Martha Schofield at the Schofield School in Aiken, South Carolina, from 1868 to 1869. Addressed to Schofield and "Jennie", probably referring to Schofield's cousin and co-teacher Jane J. Satterthwait. She writes that her sister Almira has arrived safely in Pennsylvania after staying with her in Charleston for several weeks and shares some news about her family and friends. She plans to push back leaving Charleston a week so that she can see Schofield one last time. She signs the letter "your loving friend and admirer James T. Ripley."

Subjects: Personal correspondence; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Charleston (S.C.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182847. Mary Taylor Stone letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-03-20.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Mary Taylor Stone taught with Martha Schofield at the Schofield School in Aiken, South Carolina, from 1868 to 1869. She describes her recent activities which included traveling with some friends on a boat; she saw Cornelia Hancock on the same boat, but Hancock did not acknowledge her. She asks if Schofield will consider taking on at the Schofield School a friend of hers named Mary who is unhappy teaching in Mount Pleasant.

Subjects: Corbin, Carrie Taylor (Caroline Taylor), 1846-1876; Hancock, Cornelia, 1840-1927; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Charleston (S.C.); Aiken (S.C.)

Scope and Contents

From E.L. Deane advising her to ask Gen. Howard for $1000, William Stone, Mother, sister Eliza, W.W. Woodruff (Lincoln University), letter from Clerk of Court accompanying schoolhouse deed. Martha to her sisters.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00182909. Edward L. Deane letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-03-12.
Scope and Contents

1 page. E. L. Deane was a Freedmen's Bureau agent who was the Superintendent of Education in South Carolina around 1870. Instructs Schofield to request an appropriation of $1000 from General Howard in order to build a school house in Aiken, South Carolina. Advises her not to mention the "[Methodist Episcopal] Church fiasco."

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Women in education; School buildings--Finance; African American schools

Relevant locations: Columbia (S.C.)

A00182910. Mary H. Child and Eliza H. Schofield letters to Martha Schofield, 1870-03-27.
Scope and Contents

7 pages. Mary H. Child was Martha Schofield's mother; Eliza H. Schofield was Martha's sister. Child describes a her recent activities, including a quilting party. Describes in detail the final meeting of the Philadelphia Female Anti-Slavery Society, including a speech by Quaker minister and activist Lucretia Mott. Reports Mott's remarks about her indebtedness to antislavery societies. Discusses the health of the Bartram family and Elizabeth Yarnall, as well as other news of friends and family. Says the family has been reading "Little Women." Discusses having her photograph taken. Expresses concern for Martha's health. Eliza Schofield discusses news of friends, including the health of Sadie Brouwer Bartram.

Subjects: Quilting; Philadelphia Female Anti-slavery Society; Mott, Lucretia, 1793-1880; Influenza; Books and reading; Alcott, Louisa May, 1832-1888. Little women; Portrait photography--Social aspects; Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182911. Mary Taylor Stone letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-03-31.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Mary Taylor Stone taught with Martha Schofield at the Schofield School in Aiken, South Carolina, from 1868 to 1869. Discusses logistics of Schofield's upcoming visit to Charleston.

Subjects: Travel

Relevant locations: Charleston (S.C.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182912. William Stone letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-03-25.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Major William Stone was a Union army officer and Freedman's Bureau agent who later served as Attorney General of South Carolina; he married Mary Taylor Stone, Martha Schofield's friend and co-teacher, in 1869. Praises Schofield. Discusses Mary Taylor Stone, her relationship with Schofield, and the possibility of the two women taking a vacation together. Says he will try to put in a good word with General Howard about Schofield's work teaching African Americans in Aiken. Discusses South Carolina congressman Benjamin Whittemore.

Subjects: Stone, Mary Taylor, 1842-1926; Vacations; Marriage; Whittemore, Benjamin Franklin, 1824-1894

Relevant locations: Washington (D.C.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182913. W. A. Nerland letters to Martha Schofield, 1870-03-09-1870-04-23.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Two letters written on the letterhead of the Office of the Clerk of the Court of Barnwell County. The first letter encloses a title and mentions the arrest of five men who killed an African American man during the election. The second letter encloses the deed for a school house and invites Schofield to join a radical Republican club.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); African Americans--Crimes against; Clerks of court; Legal documents

Relevant locations: Blackville (S.C.)

A00182914. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-04-03.
Scope and Contents

7 pages. Mary H. Child was Martha Schofield's mother. Discusses Schofield's decision to donate part of her Aiken property to the town for a school house. Asks for more information about her lot. Mentions the passage of the fifteenth amendment. Passes on news of friends and family. Plans to hear Anna E. Dickinson lecture later in the week. Discusses visiting Swarthmore College.

Subjects: Mothers and daughters; Land tenure--Women; Swarthmore College; Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877)

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Charleston (S.C.)

A00182915. William Stone letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-04-09.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. Major William Stone was a Union officer and Freedman's Bureau agent who later served as Attorney General of South Carolina. He married Martha Schofield's friend and co-teacher in Aiken, Mary Taylor Stone. Discusses the visit his wife is currently paying to Schofield. Comments on Schofield's poor health and discusses his views on death and theology. Praises Schofield's educational work and mentions her success getting General Howard's support for a new school house. Mentions her neighbor Aunt Amy's need for a deed to her own house.

"We thought that slavery was *the* monster evil of the country—and so it was—but now that it is abolished, we have to fight daily with the evil training it left on peoples, perverting their morals and destroying their sensibility. When this state of things is remedied, other evils hardly thought of now must be met by an equally hard front."

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Stone, Mary Taylor, 1842-1926; Female friendship; Health; Death--Religious aspects; Theology; Conduct of life; Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877)

Relevant locations: Washington (D.C.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182916. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield; Eliza Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-04-17.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Mary Child and Eliza Schofield were Martha Schofield's mother and sister, respectively. Passes on news of friends and family. Asks about Schofield's recent trip to Charleston with her co-teacher Jennie Satterthwait. Mentions that John Bunting's mother, Lucy Bunting, is a patient at Friends' Asylum. Discusses the financial situation of Chalkley and Sadie Bartram. Mentions Senator Charles Sumner's marriage. Encloses a letter from Martha's aunt Jane Price (A00183372).

Subjects: Personal correspondence; Vacations; Bunting, John, 1839-1904

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182917. William Warren Woodruff letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-04-11.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. William Woodruff was the principal of Lincoln University's preparatory department. Discusses Lawrence Obanyon Posey and Allen A. Scott, former students of Martha Schofield's who were studying at Lincoln University. Describes their academic performance and the exercise they are getting. Invites Schofield to the Lincoln University commencement in June. Describes his religious background.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Posey, L. O. (Lawrence Obanyon), 1850-; Scott, Allen A., 1853?-; Freedmen--Education; African Americans--Education; Lincoln University (Pa.); Exercise

Relevant locations: Oxford (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182918. Mary Taylor Stone letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-04-17.
Scope and Contents

7 pages. Mary Taylor Stone taught with Martha Schofield at the Schofield School in Aiken, South Carolina, from 1868 to 1869. Discusses her trip to meet her husband in Washington, D.C. Describes their new apartment and living arrangements. Invites Schofield to visit. Describes going to the theater. Expresses concern over Schofield's poor health and grieves over the recent death of her nephew Lawrence P. Corbin (1868-1870).

Subjects: Stone, Mary Taylor, 1842-1926; Health; Female friendship

Relevant locations: Washington (D.C.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182919. Eliza H. Schofield and Mary H. Child letters to Martha Schofield, 1870-04-24.
Scope and Contents

7 pages. Eliza Schofield and Mary H. Child were Martha Schofield's sister and mother, respectively. Discusses various Quaker meetings, as well as Cornelia Hancock's jibes about Schofield. Passes on news of friends and family, including Schofield's friends Chalkley and Sadie Bartram.

Subjects: Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878; Bartram, Thomas Chalkley, 1835-1931; Hancock, Cornelia, 1840-1927

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182920. Mary Taylor Stone letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-03.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Mary Taylor Stone taught with Martha Schofield at the Schofield School in Aiken, South Carolina, from 1868 to 1869. Discusses her grief over the death of her nephew Lawrence P. Corbin (1868-1870). Describes lying with him until his death.

Subjects: Death; Children--Death; Bereavement; Dead

Relevant locations: Charleston (S.C.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00183372. Jane Jackson Price letter to Mary H. Child, 1870-04-10.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Mary H. Child was Martha Schofield's mother; Jane J. Price was Child's sister. This letter was forwarded to Schofield with A00182916. Discusses the death of Sarah H. Price, daughter of her brother-in-law Isaiah Price; the difficulties facing the grieving mother; and Jane Price's own grief. Mentions several other deaths. Passes on news of Swarthmore College, describes Maria Sanford's efforts to raise money for a school library, and summarizes a speech Sanford gave at Meeting. Says that one her daughters has taken a public examination and wants to become a teacher, but her parents are opposed. Shares news concerning friends and family.

Subjects: Death; Bereavement; Death--Religious aspects; Swarthmore College; Academic libraries--Finance; Women orators; Women teachers

Relevant locations: Pennsbury (Pa. : Township)

Scope and Contents

From Mary Taylor Stone, William Stone, Mother and sisters, Robert Corson (A.F.U.C.) about end of school term and health concerns, W.W. Woodruff about her former students.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00182921. Mary Taylor Stone letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-05-06.
Scope and Contents

7 pages. Mary Taylor Stone taught with Martha Schofield at the Schofield School in Aiken, South Carolina, from 1868 to 1869. Says she misses Schofield. Comments on how busy Schofield has been and asks her to take care of herself. Reminisces about her nephew Lawrence P. Corbin, who died in February 1870. Mentions speaking to General Oliver Howard about funding for Schofield's schoolhouse.

Subjects: Female friendship; Schofield, Martha; Bereavement

Relevant locations: Washington (D.C.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182922. Mary H. Child and Eliza H. Schofield letters to Martha Schofield, 1870-05-08.
Scope and Contents

7 pages. Mary Child and Eliza Schofield were Martha Schofield's mother and sister, respectively. Gives news of friends and family. Discusses a meeting of Indian Committees from multiple Yearly Meetings. Relates an encomium to Lucretia Mott delivered by Samuel Townsend and Mott's response to it. Discusses funding for Schofield's schoolhouse. Mentions the impression made by a letter from William Woodruff (likely A00182917) about Schofield's former students now at Lincoln University. Mentions that another Schofield sister, Lydia, will be going to New York as a delegate of the Peace Society. Eliza's letter describes attending a performance of Mozart's opera "The Magic Flute" with their friend John Bunting, a music columnist, and discusses her dislike of Yearly Meeting.

Subjects: Philadelphia Yearly Meeting of Friends (Hicksite : 1827-1955). Joint Committee on Indian Affairs (1869-1892); Mott, Lucretia, 1793-1880; Townsend, Samuel; Quakers; School buildings--Finance; Opera; Patti, Carlotta, 1835-1889

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182924. Robert R. Corson letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-05-14.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Robert R. Corson was Corresponding Secretary for the Pennsylvania Freedmen's Relief Association. Written on the letterhead of the Pennsylvania Freedmen's Relief Association. In an unofficial capacity, encourages Schofield not to overtax herself by postponing her summer vacation.

"I'm sure we ought to be glad to find persons so glad to work as you all seem to be, but you must not forget that three of you cannot do *all* the work there is to be done."

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Pennsylvania Freedmen's Relief Association; Women teachers; Women in education; Freedmen--Charities

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182925. William Stone letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-05-21.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Major William Stone was a Union officer and Freedman's Bureau agent who later served as Attorney General of South Carolina. He married Martha Schofield's friend and co-teacher in Aiken, Mary Taylor Stone. Tells Schofield at length about Andrew W. Ramsay, a magistrate in Edgefield, South Carolina, who tried to protect African Americans under civil and military law and who was active in the Republican Party. Asks whether Schofield will get an appropriation for her schoolhouse; discusses an investigation of general Oliver Howard. Briefly discusses his wife Mary. Mentions that the Republican Party in South Carolina is very corrupt.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Howard, O. O. (Oliver Otis), 1830-1909; Political corruption; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Washington (D.C.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182926. Eliza H. Schofield and Mary H. Child letters to Martha Schofield, 1870-05-22.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. Eliza Schofield and Mary H. Child were Martha Schofield's sister and mother, respectively. Passes on news of family and friends, including a disabled boy named Henry Hancock who was scared he would need a crutch for life. Discusses the poor judgement of the boy's doctor. Comments on Schofield's plans to build a schoolhouse on her property in Aiken; asks about school funding. Discusses news of friends and family.

Subjects: Children with disabilities; Physicians--Malpractice; Women in education; Education--Finance

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182927. Eliza H. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1875-05-23.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Eliza Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. Passes on news of family and friends, including her month-old niece Mary Ash Jenkins. Mentions a drought.

Subjects: Personal correspondence

A00182928. Carrie Taylor Corbin letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-05-23.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Carrie Corbin was the sister of Martha Schofield's friend and former co-teacher Mary Taylor Stone. Talks about a planned trip to Aiken. Discusses her feelings about Laurie, her two-year-old son who had died in February; thanks Schofield for a comforting letter.

Subjects: Parental grief; Bereavement

Relevant locations: Charleston (S.C.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182929. H. A. Evans letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-05-26.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. H. A. Evans was a Freedman's Bureau agent who lived with Martha Schofield and other northerners on Wadmalaw Island during her first year teaching in South Carolina. Discusses Schofield's health. Praises her "high idea of life" and desire to do good. Discusses Christian theology. Praises her school in Aiken; says it will be her legacy. Discusses his belief in the equality of men and women; advocates women's suffrage as a means to abolish slavery and other injustices. Describes his own activities.

Subjects: Religion; Theology; Schofield, Martha; Women's rights; Women--Suffrage

Relevant locations: Boston (Mass.)

A00182930. William Warren Woodruff letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-05-28.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. William Woodruff was the principal of Lincoln University's preparatory department. Mentions conferences of educators held by the American Normal School Association. Discusses Lawrence Obanyon Posey and Allen A. Scott, former students of Martha Schofield's who were studying at Lincoln University. Says Scott has measles but "has passed the crisis." Comments on Schofield's suggestions for Posey and Scott's futures. Discusses his students more generally, their prospects, and whether they are ready for college. Says he plans to leave Lincoln.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); American Normal School Association; Posey, L. O. (Lawrence Obanyon), 1850-; Scott, Allen A., 1853?-; Freedmen--Education; African Americans--Education; African Americans--Education (Higher); Lincoln University (Pa.); Teacher-student relationships

Relevant locations: Oxford (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182931. Eliza H. Schofield and Mary H. Child letters to Martha Schofield, 1870-05-29.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. Eliza Schofield and Mary H. Child were Martha Schofield's sister and mother, respectively. Eliza passes on news of family and friends, including the return of invalids from Florida, the death of someone's child, and their reading. Child says she is glad her daughters "so grace their womanhood, instead of living without any aim in life as too many of the fair sex do." Describes Martha as "very independent [sic], going where no other white ladies go, not a bit afraid of what the world will say."

Subjects: Sick; Parental grief; Books and reading; Women--Social conditions; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

Scope and Contents

From J.N. Rendall (Lincoln University), sister Eliza, E.L. Deane about money for schoolhouse, Mother, Sallie Corlies, Mary Taylor Stone, W.W. Woodruff, N.B. Fisk, William McGeorge.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00182932. Isaac N. Rendall letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-06-01.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. Isaac N. Rendall was president of Lincoln University. Discusses Lawrence Obanyon Posey and Allen A. Scott, former students of Martha Schofield's who were studying at Lincoln University; gives a detailed description of their academic performance. Stresses the importance of Schofield's continued interest in them. Describes students' typical summer jobs. Asks Schofield if she knows of any jobs near her that might hire graduating students. Includes a sketched plan of a house.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Posey, L. O. (Lawrence Obanyon), 1850-; Scott, Allen A., 1853?-; Freedmen--Education; African Americans--Education; Lincoln University (Pa.); Teacher-student relationships; Architectural drawing

Relevant locations: Oxford (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182933. Mary H. Child and Eliza H. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-06-03.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Mary Child and Eliza Schofield were Martha Schofield's mother and sister, respectively. Asks about construction on Martha's school-house and offers suggestions. Discusses Schofield's funding from Sarah Pugh and others. Describes a visit to Hettie Turner's.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Women teachers; School buildings; School buildings--Finance; Pugh, Sarah, 1800-1884; Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877)

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00182934. Edward L. Deane letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-06-05.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Edward L. Deane was a Freedmen's Bureau agent and Superintendent of Education in South Carolina. Discusses funding for Schofield's schoolhouse.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); School buildings--Finance

Relevant locations: Columbia (S.C.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182935. Mary H. Child and Eliza H. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-06-05.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Mary Child and Eliza Schofield were Martha Schofield's mother and sister, respectively. Passes on news of family and friends. Says Schofield's brother-in-law Samuel Ash has bought a house between Darby and Norristown. Mentions that their cow has been stolen.

Subjects: Personal correspondence; Cattle stealing

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182936. Sarah F. Corlies letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-06-12.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Sarah Corlies was a friend of Martha Schofield and the secretary of the Germantown Freedmen's Aid Association, an important source of funding for Schofield's school in Aiken. Tells her that the Association will continue to support the school another year. Suggests people Schofield might solicit for donations. Mentions Allen A. Scott and Lawrence O. Posey, former students of Schofield's studying at Lincoln University. Mentions the death of Charles Dickens.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.); Education--Finance

Relevant locations: Germantown (Philadelphia, Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182937. Mary Taylor Stone letter to Martha Schofield and Jane J. Satterthwait, 1870-06-13.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Mary Taylor Stone taught with Martha Schofield at the Schofield School in Aiken, South Carolina, from 1868 to 1869; Jennie Satterthwait took over Stone's teaching position. Says she is tired of her inactive life boarding in Washington. Discusses her summer travel plans. Advises Schofield about funding for the schoolhouse she is building. Mentions a letter from Elizabeth Hunn.

Subjects: Vacations; School buildings--Finance

Relevant locations: Washington (D.C.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182938. William Warren Woodruff letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-06-14.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. William Woodruff was the principal of Lincoln University's preparatory department. Tells Schofield he is leaving Lincoln University. Describes the university's president, Isaac Rendall. Discusses Lincoln's stance on religion and its students' career possibilities. Tells her about about Lawrence Obanyon Posey and Allen A. Scott, former students of Schofield's now attending Lincoln; discusses potential summer jobs for them.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Rendall, Isaac Norton, 1825-; Freedmen--Education; African Americans--Education; African Americans--Education (Higher); Lincoln University (Pa.); Posey, L. O. (Lawrence Obanyon), 1850-; Scott, Allen A., 1853?-

Relevant locations: Oxford (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182939. William Warren Woodruff letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-06-26.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. William Woodruff was the principal of Lincoln University's preparatory department until June 1870. Tells Schofield how much he has appreciated her letters. Discusses his views on Quakerism from a religious perspective. Speaks of Schofield's frequent frustrations with her African American students and the gentleness she has shown them. Discusses the compatibility of their religious views, including whether clergy should be paid.

Subjects: Religion; Society of Friends; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Langhorne (Pa.); Darby (Pa.)

A00182940. Nathaniel B. Fisk letter to Martha Schofield, 1871-07-24.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. Nathaniel Fisk met Martha Schofield in 1865 while both were doing aid work for freedmen in South Carolina. Fisk went on to graduate from Harvard Seminary and become a reverend. Tells Schofield what he and his brother Miner H. A. Evans have been doing in the past year. Briefly describes their graduation from Harvard; tells Schofield about his and Evans's new churches and congregations; invites her to visit them in Boston. Briefly reminisces on their time on Wadmalaw Island and mentions an unpleasant incident with General Beacher.

Subjects: Clergy; Evans, Miner H. A., 1843-

Relevant locations: Westford (Mass.)

A00182941. Isaac N. Rendall letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-09-17.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Isaac N. Rendall was president of Lincoln University. Discusses Lawrence Obanyon Posey and Allen A. Scott, former students of Martha Schofield's who were studying at Lincoln University. Discusses their financial support from Elizabeth Dorsey and others. Offers Schofield encouragement.

Subjects: Lincoln University (Pa.); Posey, L. O. (Lawrence Obanyon), 1850-; Scott, Allen A., 1853?-; Dorsey, Elizabeth, 1837-; Education--Finance; African Americans--Education

Relevant locations: Oxford (Pa.); Darby (Pa.)

A00182942. William McGeorge letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-09-21.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. William McGeorge was a trustee of the Schofield Normal and Industrial School in Aiken, South Carolina. Consoles Schofield over errors in the construction of her schoolhouse. Discusses the upcoming election and the importance of maintaining Republican control. Advises Schofield to wait until her health has improved before overseeing the building of a house for herself. Discusses rents and property values in Aiken. Apologizes for various small inconsiderate acts he has committed.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.); School buildings; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Poughkeepsie (N.Y.); Aiken (S.C.)

Scope and Contents

From R. Corson, War Department about building and funding problems, Allan A. Scott (former student now at Lincoln University), W.J. Mixsons (?), Sadie, William McGeorge, Mary Jackson (P.F.R.A.), Mary Taylor Stone, Sallie Corlies.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00182943. Robert R. Corson letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-10-25.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Robert R. Corson was Corresponding Secretary for the Pennsylvania Freedmen's Relief Association. Written on the stationery of the Pennsylvania Freedmen's Relief Association. Encloses a letter from a major donor named Mr. Clark about funding Schofield's schoolhouse.

Subjects: Pennsylvania Freedmen's Relief Association; School buildings--Finance; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00182944. E. Whittlesey letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-10-27.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. E. Whittlesey was a commissioner of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands. Discusses Schofield's schoolhouse, which was built on her property rather than a plot she had donated specifically for the building. Acknowledges Schofield's dissatisfaction but says nothing can be done.

Subjects: Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.); School buildings; Schofield, Martha; United States. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands

Relevant locations: Washington (D.C.)

A00182945. William McGeorge letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-11-07.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Discusses Schofield's schoolhouse, which was built on her property rather than a plot she had donated specifically for the building. Advises her on what steps to take. Promises to write to E. H. Hayne about the matter. Discusses Schofield's current living situation. Advises her to take care of her health. Discusses the recent elections; celebrates the election of African Americans.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.); School buildings; Elections; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Poughkeepsie (N.Y.)

A00182946. Allen A. Scott letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-11-12.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Allen A. Scott was a formerly enslaved person who studied under Martha Schofield and went on to attend Lincoln University. He is sorry to hear about Schofield's poor health. Discusses his education at Lincoln.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); African American students; African Americans--Education; Freedmen--Education; Teacher-student relationships; Lincoln University (Pa.)

Relevant locations: Oxford (Pa.)

A00182947. W. J. Mixson letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-11-17.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. W. J. Mixson refers Martha Schofield to the Trustees for her school district and reports his upcoming retirement from his position.

Subjects: School management and organization

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.); Barnwell (S.C.)

A00182948. Sadie Brouwer Bartram letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-11-20.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Discusses recent events and news concerning family/friends.

Subjects: Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182949. William McGeorge letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-12-04.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. The corners of the letter have been ripped off causing some text to be missing. William McGeorge was a trustee of the Schofield Normal and Industrial School in Aiken, South Carolina. Asks Schofield what he should do with the Deed. Criticizes Wendell Phillips' recent speech. Mentions the need for world peace. Discusses Schofield's efforts for the Schofield School and donates money towards her cause. Describes his financial support of family and friends.

Subjects: Phillips, Wendell, 1811-1884; Schofield, Martha; Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.); Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Women in education; Endowments; Gifts; Peace

Relevant locations: Poughkeepsie (N.Y.)

A00182950. E. Whittlesey letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-12-10.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. E. Whittlesey was a commissioner for the Freedmen's Bureau. Informs Schofield that there will be no more aid for schools unless Congress passes a new appropriation.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); African American schools; African Americans--Services for; Expenditures, Public; United States. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands

Relevant locations: Washington (D.C.)

A00182951. Mary E. Jackson letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-12-19.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Mary E. Jackson served as Chairman of the Committee on Education for the Women's Freedmen's Relief Association. Reports that the Association's funds are lower and they don't intend to send money to the schools but offers Schofield a little money if needed.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Women in education; African American schools; Endowments

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00182952. Mary Taylor Stone letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-12-21.
Scope and Contents

7 pages. Mary Taylor Stone taught with Martha Schofield at the Schofield School in Aiken, South Carolina, from 1868 to 1869. Discusses her recent holiday activities and news involving family/friends. Mentions that Major Stone has passed the bar. Discusses Schofield's work and reports that someone named Mac will probably be donating money to her school. A woman named Mary who works with Schofield has been offered an extended position in Aiken, and Stone hopes she will accept it.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Women teachers; Women in education; Endowments; Stone, William, 1842-1897

Relevant locations: Charleston (S.C.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182953. Sarah F. Corlies letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-12-25.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Sarah Corlies was a friend of Martha Schofield and the secretary of the Germantown Freedmen's Aid Association, which was an important source of funding for the Schofield School in Aiken. Describes her holiday activities and the distribution of Christmas gifts to the Sewing School students (probably referring to the Penn Sewing School). Discusses the continued sponsorship of Schofield's former students Lawrence Obanyon Posey and Allen A. Scott to attend Lincoln University. Informs Schofield of Mr. Webb's death. Is glad of Schofield's success in moving her schoolhouse to a different location in Aiken and wonders if Dillwyn Parrish or Mary Brown would provide charitable donations.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; African Americans--Education; African American schools; Women in education; Posey, L. O. (Lawrence Obanyon), 1850-; Scott, Allen A., 1853?-; Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.)

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00182954. Allen A. Scott letter to Martha Schofield, 1870-12-30.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Allen A. Scott was a formerly enslaved man who studied under Martha Schofield and went on to attend Lincoln University. Thanks Schofield for the Christmas presents and requests a photograph of her. Discusses the end of term and his stay at Lincoln University over Christmas vacation. Sends love from Obanyon.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); African American students; African Americans--Education; Freedmen--Education; Teacher-student relationships; Lincoln University (Pa.)

Relevant locations: Oxford (Pa.)

Scope and Contents

From Elizabeth Yarnall, Mary Jackson (P.F.R.A.), bill from Vigl Briggs, Robert Corson refunding repair costs, Mother, Lizzie Dorsey, Samuel Ash, Allan A. Scott, certificate of character from W.F.R.A., J.K. Jillson (State Superintendent of Education) about teacher pay. To Miss L.M. Rollins about women's suffrage.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00182955. Elizabeth Yarnall letter to Martha Schofield, 1871-01-09.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. Elizabeth "Lizzie" Yarnall was Martha's Schofield's co-teacher in South Carolina in 1867. Discusses recent events and news concerning family/friends. Describes her recovering mental/physical health after someone named Sallie's death. Requests details about Schofield's life and work in South Carolina and comments on Southern politics.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Schofield, Martha; Bereavement; Women in education

Relevant locations: Willistown (Pa. : Township); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182956. Mary E. Jackson letter to Martha Schofield, 1871-01-10.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Mary E. Jackson served as chair of the Committee on Education for the Pennsylvania Freedmen's Relief Association. Brief letter discussing the the logistics of the Association refunding repair costs for Schofield's schoolhouse in Aiken and whether Schofield would prefer that they send her a knife or a wrapper.

Subjects: Pennsylvania Freedmen's Relief Association; Schofield, Martha; African American schools; Women in education

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182957. Vigl Briggs letter to Martha Schofield, 1871-01-13.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Bill from carpenter Vigl Briggs agreeing to repair the porch for $800. Refers to the repair work Schofield commissioned for her schoolhouse in Aiken.

Subjects: Dwellings--Maintenance and repair

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00182958. Robert R. Corson letter to Martha Schofield, 1871-01-13.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Robert R. Corson was Corresponding Secretary for the Pennsylvania Freedmen's Relief Association. Discusses the logistics of the Association refunding repair costs for Schofield's school in Aiken.

Subjects: Pennsylvania Freedmen's Relief Association; Schofield, Martha; African American schools; Women in education

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182959. Martha Schofield letter draft to L.M. Rollin, 1871-01.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Miss L.M. Rollin was part of the American Woman Suffrage Association of South Carolina. Draft of a letter to Rollin discussing Schofield's interest in and support of women's suffrage and equal education. Encourages Rollin to continue her work promoting women's suffrage and wants to become a member of the Association.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); National Woman Suffrage Association (U.S.); Women--Suffrage; Women--Societies and clubs; Educational equalization

A00182960. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield; Eliza H. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1871-01-29.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. Mary H. Child and Eliza Schofield were Martha Schofield's mother and sister, respectively. They both discuss recent events and news concerning family/friends. Child describes the funeral of abolitionist Thomas Garrett, who helped over two thousand people escape slavery on the Underground Railroad and whose funeral orators included Lucretia Mott. She also discusses the costs of Schofield's repair work on her school in Aiken. Eliza talks about her work and salary as a teacher.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Garrett, Thomas, 1789-1871; Endowments; Women teachers; Women in education

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182961. Elizabeth Dorsey letter to Martha Schofield, 1871-02-05.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Elizabeth Dorsey was treasurer of the Germantown Freedmen's Aid Association, an important source of funding for Martha Schofield's school in Aiken. Describes Isaac N. Rendall's report of the academic progress of Schofield's former students Allen A. Scott and Lawrence Obanyon Posey at Lincoln University and discusses the lack of funding to sponsor other African American students. Briefly talks about the recent death of Mr. Webb.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Scott, Allen A., 1853?-; Posey, L. O. (Lawrence Obanyon), 1850-; African Americans--Education; Freedmen--Education; Endowments

Relevant locations: Bowers (Pa.)

A00182962. Samuel S. Ash letter to Martha Schofield, 1871-02-07.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Samuel S. Ash was Martha Schofield's brother-in-law. Her letter had trouble reaching him. Sends her a check for $150 in place of a draft. Reports the death and funeral of Grandfather Peirce. Describes Quarterly Meeting where Lucretia Mott, Rachel Rogers, Rachel Townsend, and others preached.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Checks; Death; Quakers

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182963. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield; Eliza H. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1871-02-19.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Mary H. Child and Eliza Schofield were Martha Schofield's mother and sister, respectively. Child talks about the construction of Martha's house/schoolhouse in Aiken and sends her checks from donors. They discuss recent events and news concerning family/friends.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; School buildings--Design and construction

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00182964. Martha Schofield certificate of character, 1871-04-05.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Written by Caroline E. White, Recording Secretary of the Women's Freedmen's Relief Association and endorsed by Robert R. Corson, Corresponding Secretary for the Pennsylvania Freedmen's Relief Association. Certificate of character for Martha Schofield, praising her moral conduct and work as a teacher.

Subjects: Pennsylvania Freedmen's Relief Association; Corson, Robert Rodgers, 1831-1904; Schofield, Martha; Women teachers; Women in education

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00182965. Justus K. Jillson letter to Martha Schofield, 1871-03-21.
Scope and Contents

1 page. Justus K. Jillson served as South Carolina's Superintendent of Education during the Reconstruction era. Tells Schofield that the teachers of her school must contact J. Newton Teague, the Treasurer of Barnwell County, to receive their pay.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Teachers--Salaries, etc.; Teachers

Relevant locations: Columbia (S.C.); Aiken (S.C.); Blackville (S.C.)

A00182966. Allen A. Scott letter to Martha Schofield, 1871-03-22.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Allen A. Scott was a former student of Martha Schofield's who went on to attend Lincoln University. Reports that Lawrence Obanyon Posey, another former student of Schofield's, has been injured in a sports accident. Will probably stay at school over the spring break and look for work. Mentions joining the Presbyterian Church. Considers Schofield a friend and mother figure and seeks her guidance.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); African American students; African Americans--Education; Freedmen--Education; Teacher-student relationships; Lincoln University (Pa.); Posey, L. O. (Lawrence Obanyon), 1850-

Relevant locations: Oxford (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182967. Elizabeth Dorsey letter to Martha Schofield, 1871-03-22.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Elizabeth Dorsey was treasurer of the Germantown Freedmen's Aid Association, an important source of funding for Martha Schofield's school in Aiken. Discusses Schofield's former student Lawrence Obanyon Posey, who was studying at Lincoln University with Dorsey's support. Implies that Posey is having difficulties; says Schofield is the best person to write to him. Says that she asked a Quaker friend for money for Allen A. Scott, another of Schofield's students now at Lincoln, and was refused because Lincoln sometimes educated students for the ministry and this friend was opposed to paid ministers.

Subjects: Posey, L. O. (Lawrence Obanyon), 1850-; Teacher-student relationships; Clergy; Quakers; Education--Finance; African Americans--Education

Relevant locations: Germantown (Philadelphia, Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182968. Mary Taylor Stone letter to Martha Schofield, 1871-03-28.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. Mary Taylor Stone taught with Martha Schofield at the Schofield School in Aiken, South Carolina, from 1868 to 1869. Passes on news of friends and family. Invites Schofield to visit her over Easter and discusses the logistics at length.

Subjects: Travel; Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Charleston (S.C.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182969. J. N. Teague letter to Martha Schofield, 1871-03-29.
Scope and Contents

1 page. J. N. Teague was treasurer of Barnwell County, South Carolina. Tells teacher Martha Schofield that he does not currently have funds to pay school expenses but thinks he will within two weeks.

Subjects: Education--Finance

Relevant locations: Blackville (S.C.)

Scope and Contents

From Aunt Eliza Bell (restaurant menu) L.O. Posey, Sallie Corlies, William Stone, A. Middleton, Archer Walker, Annie (Heacock?), Mary Jackson, Mary Taylor Stone, Mother, sister Eliza, donation of $2 from M.E. Shearman. To nephew Samuel Ash Jr.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00182970. Screven House restaurant menu, 1871-04-07.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Day's menu for the Screven House restaurant in Savannah, Georgia, owned by T. S. Nickerson. Also includes a "traveler's guide" with information on transit to various cities. Handwritten notes say that Screven was visited on 6 April 1871 by Martha Schofield, Eliza H. Bell, Jennie Satterthwait, E. H. Bunting, and Jeannie R. Bunting, who went on to hear Lydia Thompson speak.

Subjects: Travel; Restaurants

Relevant locations: Savannah (Ga.)

A00182971. Sarah F. Corlies letter to Martha Schofield, 1871-04-03.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Sarah Corlies was a friend of Martha Schofield and the secretary of the Germantown Freedmen's Aid Association, an important source of funding for Schofield's school in Aiken. Urges Schofield not to overtax her eyes, which have been troubling her lately. Asks for a few statistics for the annual report she is preparing. Discusses the health of their friend Elizabeth Dorsey. Describes the closing ceremonies at a sewing school (likely Penn Sewing School). Speaks of attending an anniversary celebration at Swarthmore College for Benjamin West's painting of "Penn's Treaty with the Indians"; George Truman, Edward Magill, Clarkson Taylor, and Lucretia Mott all attended. Briefly mentions Schofield's former student Lawrence Obanyon Posey.

Subjects: Dorsey, Elizabeth, 1837-; Education--Finance; West, Benjamin, 1738-1820. William Penn's treaty with the Indians

Relevant locations: Germantown (Philadelphia, Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182972. Lawrence Obanyon Posey letter to Martha Schofield, 1871-05-14.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Written from Lincoln University. Lawrence Obanyon Posey was an African American man from Aiken, South Carolina, who studied at Martha Schofield's school in Aiken. Posey went on to study at Lincoln and Howard Universities, ultimately graduating from Howard's law school in 1882 as valedictorian. Mentions Allen A. Scott, another former student of Schofield's who studied at Lincoln, and Elizabeth Dorsey, a Quaker woman involved with Schofield's school. Discusses his studies and summer plans. Describes the planting of a class tree.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); African American students; African Americans--Education; Teacher-student relationships; Lincoln University (Pa.)

Relevant locations: Oxford (Pa.)

A00182973. Mary Taylor Stone letter to Martha Schofield, 1871-05-15.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Mary Taylor Stone taught with Martha Schofield at the Schofield School in Aiken, South Carolina, from 1868 to 1869. Plans to visit Schofield soon with her infant son Herbert.

Subjects: Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Charleston (S.C.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182974. Abraham Middleton letter to Martha Schofield, 1871-05-04.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Abraham Middleton was a school commissioner for Barnwell County, South Carolina. Discusses logistics and quantity of teachers' salaries.

Subjects: Teachers--Salaries, etc.

Relevant locations: Blackville (S.C.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182923. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield, 1871-05-07.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Mary Child was Martha Schofield's mother. Discusses the birth of Schofield's nephew Samuel Earl Ash to Sarah J. and Samuel S. Ash. Discusses looking for a servant to hire and asks Schofield if she knows any suitable candidates in South Carolina. Discusses Schofield's financial situation and delayed salary payment.

Subjects: Childbirth; Household employees; Teachers--Salaries, etc.

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00183373. Martha Schofield letter to Sadie Brouwer Bartram, 1859-1865.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Fragment. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Refers to Bartram as her wife. Mentions reading works by Adin Ballou as well as "Uncle Tom's Cabin." Discusses her friendship with Bartram and her views on young men. Discusses morality and the avoidance of temptation.

Subjects: Books and reading; Ballou, Adin, 1803-1890; Stowe, Harriet Beecher, 1811-1896; Uncle Tom's cabin (Stowe, Harriet Beecher); Female friendship; Temptation; Conduct of life

A00182975. Archer Walker and Annie Bell Storm letters to Martha Schofield, 1871-05-10.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Annie B. Storm was Martha Schofield's cousin; Archer Walker was likely one of Schofield's former students in Aiken, South Carolina. Walker tells Schofield how he is adjusting to life in New York. Bell's letter passes on news of the family.

Subjects: African Americans--Education

Relevant locations: Bayside (New York, N.Y.)

A00182976. Mary H. Child and Lydia A. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1871-05-14.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Mary Child and Lydia A. Schofield were Martha Schofield's mother and sister, respectively. Discusses Yearly Meeting, including an appearance by Eliza Newport. Describes at length a sermon by Lucretia Mott against extravagant clothing; hopes her daughters will take the lead in dressing plainly. Passes on news of friends and family.

Subjects: Philadelphia Yearly Meeting of Friends (Hicksite : 1827-1955); Mott, Lucretia, 1793-1880; Women orators; Fashion; Clothing and dress--Moral and ethical aspects; Clothing and dress--Religious aspects; Quakers

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00182977. Mary E. Jackson letter to Martha Schofield, 1871-05-15.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Mary E. Jackson served as chair of the Committee on Education for the Pennsylvania Freedmen's Relief Association. Asks Schofield how much financial support from the Association she needs. Passes on news of friend and family. Briefly discusses her charitable work. Mentions celebrations of the unification of Germany.

Subjects: Education--Finance; Pennsylvania Freedmen's Relief Association; Franco-Prussian War, 1870-1871

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00182978. Sarah F. Corlies letter to Martha Schofield, 1871-05-22.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Sarah Corlies was a friend of Martha Schofield and the secretary of the Germantown Freedmen's Aid Association, an important source of funding for Schofield's school in Aiken. Tells Schofield how much she has enjoyed receiving Schofield's letters. Discusses the Association and the money it has raised for Schofield. Gives news of their mutual friends Sally Bowman and Lizzie Dorsey. Says she is enclosing reports. Discusses summer work for Schofield's former students Allen A. Scott and Lawrence Obanyon Posey.

Subjects: Education--Finance; Freedmen--Charities

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182979. Eliza H. Bell letter to Martha Schofield, 1871-05-23.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Eliza H. Bell was Martha Schofield's aunt. Mentions a recent visit to Schofield in Aiken, South Carolina. Discusses Archer Walker, a former student of Schofield's now working for Bell's family. Passes on various news of friends and family.

Subjects: Personal correspondence; African American household employees

Relevant locations: Bayside (New York, N.Y.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182980. Martha Schofield letter to Samuel Earl Ash, 1871-05-23.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Martha Schofield was the aunt of Samuel Earl Ash (1871-1892). Jokingly asks her newborn nephew about life and instructs him in proper behavior. Mentions Herbert Stone, the infant son of her friend Mary Taylor Stone, and Allen A. Scott, a former student of hers working for her sister's family over the summer. Briefly describes her activities in Aiken. Includes a small sticker of a man on the first page.

Subjects: Infants; Aunts; Stickers

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00182981. Mary Taylor Stone letter to Martha Schofield, 1871-05-25.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Mary Taylor Stone taught with Martha Schofield at the Schofield School in Aiken, South Carolina, from 1868 to 1869. Discusses a recent visit to Schofield in Aiken with her son Herbert. Passes on news of friends and family. Says she will enclose her photograph for a student named Sophia Dickerson.

Subjects: Personal Correspondence; Dickerson, Sophia, 1853-1918

Relevant locations: Charleston (S.C.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182982. Eliza H. Schofield and Mary H. Child letters to Martha Schofield, 1871-05-28.
Scope and Contents

7 pages. Eliza Schofield and Mary Child were Martha Schofield's sister and mother, respectively. Passes on news of family and friends, including the miscarriage of an acquaintance. Discusses the financial situation of one of their domestic servants. Talks about Quaker meetings and committees. Mentions a report Sarah Corlies gave her about Schofield's school.

Subjects: Personal correspondence; Miscarriage; Household employees; Society of Friends;

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182983. Letter to Martha Schofield, 1871-05-29.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. The signature may read "M.E. Sheaman" [sp]. Encloses $2.20 to pay for costs incurred by shipping books.

Subjects: Friends' Association of Philadelphia for the Aid and Elevation of the Freedmen

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

Scope and Contents

From sister Sallie, S.C. Clerk of Court, Mother, Sallie Corlies, Samuel Ash, Anna Bunting, cousin Jennie, S. Ott. Letter from L.O. Posey to A.A. Scott about life at Cape May.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00182984. Sarah J. Ash letter to Martha Schofield, 1871-06-05.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Sarah Ash was Martha Schofield's sister. Discusses her month-old son Samuel Earl Ash and her recovery after giving birth.

Subjects: Infants; Puerperium

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00182985. W. A. Nerland letter to Martha Schofield, 1871-06-12.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. William A. Nerland was Clerk of the Court in Barnwell County, South Carolina. Discusses a package he sent Schofield. Says he is willing to serve as a trustee of the Schofield School. Discusses the difficulties that irregular payment caused for hiring teachers in the South.

Subjects: Teachers--Salaries, etc.

Relevant locations: Blackville (S.C.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182986. W. A. Nerland letter to Martha Schofield, 1871-07-26.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. William A. Nerland was Clerk of the Court in Barnwell County, South Carolina. Discusses delays in paying teachers and other government employees. "It is vexatious, and were it not that the colored people . . . look to but so few of us for instruction, I would give it up in an instant."

Subjects: Teachers--Salaries, etc.

Relevant locations: Blackville (S.C.)

A00182987. Lawrence Obanyon Posey letter to Allen A. Scott, 1871-08-21.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Written from Congress Hall. Lawrence Obanyon Posey and Allen A. Scott were African Americans from Aiken, South Carolina. Both had studied at Martha Schofield's school in Aiken and gone on to Lincoln University. Describes Cape May. Says he has gone there to work as a waiter. Mentions gardening in exchange for board while at Lincoln University. Expresses dislike of the vices present in Cape May and fears that he will yield to temptation if he stays there. Discusses his financial situation. Is worried he will be robbed. Misses Schofield.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Waiters; Vices; Temptation; African Americans--Social conditions

Relevant locations: Cape May (N.J.); Darby (Pa.)

A00182988. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield, 1871-11.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Mary Child was Martha Schofield's mother. Bids Schofield farewell as she returns to South Carolina for another year of teaching. Hopes that God will watch over Schofield as she serves as His vessel.

Subjects: Mothers and daughters--Religious aspects; Farewells

A00182989. S. Ott letter to Martha Schofield, 1871-11-21.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. S. Ott was likely a trustee for the Schofield Normal and Industrial School. Discusses holding a meeting to discuss the implementation of a county/state tax to fund schools which was unanimously voted down. Wants to resign as a trustee and nominates a replacement candidate.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Taxation; Schools; Schofield, Martha; School management and organization

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00182990. Sarah F. Corlies letter to Martha Schofield, 1871-11-22.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. "Sallie" F. Corlies was a friend of Martha Schofield's and was the secretary of the Germantown Freedmen's Aid Association, an important source of funding for Schofield's school in Aiken. Has been too busy to write or visit Darby. Discusses the Penn Sewing School and offers to send Schofield a copy of its charter and by-laws. Gives Schofield credit for the official report from the "Penna. Asso." (possibly the Pennsylvania Freedmen's Relief Association) and asks how many teachers Schofield was assigned. Is interested in hearing about the state of Schofield's school upon her return to Aiken. Reminds her to write, stating the Schofield's letters about her work and school are the main business of the Germantown Association meetings. Reports news about family/friends, including Sarah B.'s (possibly Sallie R. Bowman) enthusiasm about the recent woman's suffrage meeting she and some of Schofield's family members attended. References Lawrence Obanyon Posey and Allen A. Scott, former students of Schofield who were attending Lincoln University.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Women teachers; Women in education; African Americans--Services for; African Americans--Education; Penn Sewing School (Philadelphia, Pa.); African American schools

Relevant locations: Germantown (Philadelphia, Pa.); Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182991. Samuel S. Ash letter to Martha Schofield, 1871-12-11.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Samuel S. Ash was Martha Schofield's brother-in-law. Discusses the logistics of Schofield boarding her cousins and Richard Cadbury at her house in Aiken. Richard Cadbury (1825-1897) was the treasurer for the "Friends Association for the for the relief of colored Freedmen."

Subjects: Boardinghouses

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182992. Jane J. Satterthwait letter to Martha Schofield; Ellen Satterthwaite Price letter to Martha Schofield, approximately 1855-1888.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Jane "Jennie" and Ellen "Ell" Satterthwaite were Martha Schofield's cousins. Discusses news concerning family/friends. Jane shares her opinions about someone named Mary insulting Schofield.

Subjects: Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Crosswicks (N.J.); Darby (Pa.)

Scope and Contents

Donations and letters from Samuel Willetts, Lizzie Yarnall and Aunt Jane, Samuel Ash. Letters from Mother and sisters. Draft of epistle to Meeting about school's needs. Mother to Sallie Ash.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00182816. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield; Eliza H. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1872-01-07.
Scope and Contents

7 pages. Mary Child was Martha Schofield's mother, and Eliza Schofield was her sister. Child shares recent news about family and friends. Eliza discusses a recent lyceum where the topic of universal suffrage was discussed.

Subjects: Lyceums; Suffrage; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182848. Martha Schofield letter draft, 1872-01-16.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Describes the crowded conditions in her school and thanks the recipient for a donation to help the institution. Presumably written from Aiken, South Carolina.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.); African American schools; Freedmen--Education; Gifts; Education--Finance

A00182849. Lydia A. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1872-01-11.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Lydia Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. Discusses her recent health problems, funerals planned for Benjamin Price and Mary Hillbern (sp?), and supplies to be sent to Martha, who ran the Schofield Normal and Industrial School for African Americans in Aiken, South Carolina.

Subjects: Health; Personal correspondence; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00182850. Samuel Willets and Elizabeth Dorsey letters to Martha Schofield, 1872-02-01.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. In the first letter, Lizzie (probably teacher Elizabeth Dorsey) discusses recent deaths as well as donations to the Schofield Normal and Industrial School. In the second letter, Samuel Willets tells Schofield that he has enclosed a donation for her school.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Gifts; Education--Finance; African Americans--Education; Schofield, Martha; Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.)

Relevant locations: New York (N.Y.)

A00182851. Lydia A. Schofield and Samuel S. Ash letters to Martha Schofield, 1872-03-20.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Lydia A. Schofield and Samuel S. Ash were Martha Schofield's sister and brother-in-law, respectively. Lydia reflects on the passage of time, discusses various the plans of friends/relatives to visit Martha in South Carolina, and describes meeting spiritualist Andrew Jackson Davis. Ash describes furniture he is shipping to Martha and tells her that Dillwyn Parrish may visit her soon.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Davis, Andrew Jackson, 1826-1910; Spiritualists; Schools--Furniture, equipment, etc.; Shipping

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Charleston (S.C.)

A00182852. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield, 1872-03-31.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Mary H. Child was Martha Schofield's mother. Plans her upcoming visit to Schofield and passes on news of friends and family.

Subjects: Voyages and travels; Mothers and daughters; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00182853. Mary H. Child letter to Sarah J. Ash, 1872-04-23.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Mary H. Child was the mother of Martha Schofield and Sarah J. Ash. Child describes her visit to Aiken and notes that her brother, "Uncle Charles," went to a "Ku Klux trial" in Charleston.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Voyages and travels; Mothers and daughters

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00182854. Lydia A. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield; Sarah J. Ash letter to Martha Schofield, 1872-04-28.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. Lydia A. Schofield and Sarah J. Ash were Martha Schofield's sisters. Lydia discusses their mother's visit to Martha in Aiken and events at home in Philadelphia. Alfred Love has asked Lydia to write an annual report for the Universal Peace Union. Sarah discusses her search for servants, criticizes a sermon given by Rachel Rogers, and mentions Rachel Wilson Moore Townsend. "I like a peaceable cheerful religion, easy to practice and live up to every day, rather than something as hard, as gloomy and dark, that one doesn't care to follow."

Subjects: Women household employees--Employment; Universal Peace Union; Women and peace; Wet nurses; Schofield, Martha; Quaker women; Women orators

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182855. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield; Jane Jackson Price letter to Martha Schofield, 1872-05-03.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Mary H. Child and Jane Jackson Price were Martha Schofield's mother and aunt, respectively. They describe the trip from Aiken, South Carolina, to Philadelphia.

Subjects: Travel; Voyages and travels; Hotels; Mothers and daughters; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Atlantic Coast (Middle Atlantic States); Atlantic Coast (South Atlantic States)

A00182856. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield, 1872-05-08.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Mary H. Child was Martha Schofield's mother. Child has made it home safely after visiting Martha in Aiken. Discusses her activities at home.

Subjects: Personal correspondence; Mothers and daughters; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00182857. W. A. Nerland letter to Martha Schofield, 1872-05-10.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Written on the letterhead of the Clerk of the Court, Barnwell County, S.C. Discusses the school's funds, Schofield's certificates, and the temperance movement in Blackville.

Subjects: Education--Finance; Teachers--Salaries, etc.; Temperance; Schofield, Martha; Women teachers; Women in education

Relevant locations: Blackville (S.C.)

A00182858. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield, 1872-05-12.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Mary H. Child was Martha Schofield's mother. Describes the Philadelphia Yearly Meeting and the people who spoke there, including George Truman. Relays news of friends and family.

Subjects: Philadelphia Yearly Meeting of Friends (Hicksite : 1827-1955); Truman, George; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00182859. Eliza H. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1872-05-12.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Eliza H. Schofield was one of Martha Schofield's sisters. Comments on the health of their mother, describes springtime, and gently mocks the upcoming Yearly Meeting.

Subjects: Philadelphia Yearly Meeting of Friends (Hicksite : 1827-1955); Spring; Weather; Heat waves (Meteorology); Schofield, Martha

Scope and Contents

From Anna Bunting, Mary Taylor Stone, Mother and sisters, S.C. Armstrong and her former students at Hampton Normal & Agricultural School, Lizzie (Yarnall?), Richard Cadbury, American Women's Suffrage Association electing her a delegate, William McGeorge.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00182860. William McGeorge letter to Martha Schofield, 1872-06-22.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. William McGeorge was a trustee of the Schofield Normal and Industrial School in Aiken, South Carolina. Tells Schofield he has bought a house in Vineland, New Jersey, and describes the town as a paradise full of gardens and free of alcohol, crime, and poverty.

Subjects: Suburban life; Temperance; New Jersey--Vineland; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Poughkeepsie (N.Y.); Darby (Pa.); Vineland (N.J.)

A00182861. Elizabeth Dorsey letter to Martha Schofield, 1872-08-20.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. Written by Lizzie (probably teacher Elizabeth Dorsey). Reports news of her family and discusses a recent election.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: New York (N.Y.); Darby (Pa.)

A00182862. Richard Cadbury letter to Martha Schofield; George Dixon letter to William Cadbury, 1872-07-31 to 1872-09-01.
Scope and Contents

7 pages. Richard Cadbury was treasurer of the Friends Freedmen's Association. Cadbury has forwarded Dixon's letter to Schofield; he discusses his fundraising among Quakers in the British Isles for schools for African American freedmen. Dixon's also says that his organization will be able to take in several children to be trained as teachers in Hampton.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); African Americans--Education; African American schools; African Americans--Services for; Freedmen--Charities; Freedmen--Education; Quakers--Charities; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); London (England); Darby (Pa.)

A00182863. Dennis F. Douglass and Major Mitchel letters to Martha Schofield, 1872-10-24.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. These letters were written by two or three of Schofield's former students of the Aiken School who had just moved to the Hampton Normal and Agricultural School in Hampton, Virginia. They discuss conditions in the children's new home.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Freedmen; Freedmen--Education; Freedmen--Social conditions; Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute (Va.); Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Hampton (Va.)

A00182864. S.C. Armstrong letter to Martha Schofield, 1872-10-18.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Samuel C. Armstrong was best known as an educator who founded Hampton University in Virginia (originally the Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute for African Americans) and the Hampton University Museum, which is the oldest African American museum in the country. Written on the stationery of the Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute. Praises Schofield's efforts, promises to refund the money she spent sending him several students, and comments on the intelligence of African Americans.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Freedmen--Education; African Americans--Education; Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute (Va.); Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Hampton (Va.)

A00182865. Benjamin Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1872-11-03.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Talks about religion and a "sister" who has recently died.

Subjects: Religion; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00182866. Robert K. Scott and Katherine Rollin letter to Martha Schofield, 1872-11-11.
Scope and Contents

1 page. Informs Schofield that the South Carolina Branch of the American Woman Suffrage Association has elected her as its delegate to an upcoming suffrage convention in St. Louis.

Subjects: American Woman Suffrage Association; Schofield, Martha; Women--Suffrage

Relevant locations: Columbia (S.C.)

A00182867. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield, 1873-12-07.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Mary H. Child was Martha Schofield's mother. Passes on news of friends and family in Darby. Last page written by one of Martha's sisters.

Subjects: Personal correspondence; Mothers and daughters; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00182868. Mary Taylor Stone letter to Martha Schofield, 1872-12-29.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. Mary Taylor Stone taught with Martha Schofield at the Schofield School in Aiken, South Carolina, from 1868 to 1869. Discusses Stone's young child and the family's Christmas celebrations.

Subjects: Personal correspondence; Christmas; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Charleston (S.C.)

A00182869. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield, 1872.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Mary H. Child was Martha Schofield's mother. She offers Schofield a blessing as she returns to the South after visiting her family in Pennsylvania. Discusses her faith and the health of an invalid.

Subjects: Mothers and daughters; Faith; Schofield, Martha

A00182870. Anna Webster Bunting letter to Martha Schofield, approximately 1870-1880.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Fragment. Anna Bunting shares news of friends and family, especially of Anna's husband John Bunting.

Subjects: Personal correspondence; Bunting, John, 1839-1904; Schofield, Martha

Scope and Contents

From Lizzie, Mary Taylor Stone, Rebecca Shin, E.S. Pedruzzi, Mother, sister Eliza, Sidney Andrews, S.C. Clerk of Court, Samuel Ash, Ellen Patrick. Death of Miss Pedruzzi. An appeal for assistance to Isaac Jeanes.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00182871. Elizabeth Dorsey letter to Martha Schofield, 1873-01-11.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Probably written by teacher Elizabeth "Lizzie" Dorsey. Describes guests she recently had, several recent illnesses and deaths, and other recent news of family and friends. Mentions that Martha has been trying to get her students "ready for 'College.'"

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Personal correspondence; Hospitality; Death; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: New York (N.Y.)

A00182872. Mary Taylor Stone letter to Martha Schofield, 1873-02-06.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Mary Taylor Stone taught with Martha Schofield at the Schofield School in Aiken, South Carolina, from 1868 to 1869. Discusses the birth of her son Alfred.

Subjects: Childbirth; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Charleston (S.C.); Darby (Pa.)

A00182873. Martha Schofield letter draft to Isaac Jeanes, 1873-02.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Fragment; draft of a letter. Schofield longs to attend the Philadelphia Yearly Meeting of Friends this year but faces difficulties because she has not been paid in several months.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Women teachers; Women in education; Teachers--Salaries, etc.; Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877)

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00182874. Letter to Martha Schofield and Eliza H. Schofield, 1873-02-09.
Scope and Contents

12 pages. Signed by "Cousin R", possibly Rachel Price Hicks; addressed to Martha Schofield and "Lizzie", probably her sister Eliza H. Schofield. Discusses family and friends, including Martha Train (apparently a teacher of orphans), Quaker dress, work as a teacher under a Quaker committee with strict expectations, and horseback riding.

Subjects: Arbutus; Quakers--Social life and customs; Women teachers; Women in education; Medical climatology; Riding schools; Schofield, Martha; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Pennsylvania

A00182875. Emily S. Peduzzi letter to Martha Schofield, 1873-02-17.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Letter is damaged and illegible in places. Peduzzi and Schofield were Northerners who taught freedmen in South Carolina after the Civil War. Discusses the difficulties she and Schofield have had getting paid and discusses her living situation.

Subjects: Teachers--Salaries, etc.; Women teachers; Women in education; Schofield, Martha; Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Blackville (S.C.)

A00182876. Mary H. Child and Eliza H. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1873-03-23.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Mary H. Child was Martha Schofield's mother, and Eliza Schofield was one of her sisters. The letter discusses a recent vote on local temperance legislation, a friend's time at "The Home" (possibly an orphanage), and another friend's fiance.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Liquor laws; Mothers and daughters

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00182877. W. A. Nerland letter to Martha Schofield, 1873-04-16.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Written on the stationery of the Clerk of the Court of Barnwell County. Briefly discusses the death of teacher Emily S. Paduzzi and the move of the court from Blackville to Barnwell.

Subjects: Courts; Peduzzi, Emily S., 1834-1873; Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Barnwell (S.C.)

A00182878. Sidney Andrews letter to Martha Schofield, 1873-04-03.
Scope and Contents

11 pages. Thanks Martha Schofield for taking care of teacher Emily S. Peduzzi in the days before her death. Discusses Peduzzi's personality and her friendship with Sidney Andrews.

Subjects: Peduzzi, Emily S., 1834-1873; Death; Terminal care; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Boston (Mass.)

A00182879. Samuel S. Ash letter to Martha Schofield, 1873-04-24.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Samuel Shinn Ash was Martha Schofield's brother-in-law. Gives various news of family and friends, including the fact that Ash has recently hired two African American women as domestic servants and that a doctor is traveling south for his health.

Subjects: Personal correspondence; Medical climatology; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00182880. Ellen M. Patrick letter to Martha Schofield, 1873-05-09.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. Schofield's friend Ellen M. Patrick tells her of a letter from a prospective teacher, describes her own life teaching in Cincinnati, and discusses her appreciation of music and her feelings on motherhood.

Subjects: Female friendship; Schofield, Martha; Women teachers; Women in education; Music; Motherhood; Religion

Relevant locations: Cincinnati (Ohio); Darby (Pa.)

A00182881. Mary Taylor Stone letter to Martha Schofield, 1873-04-14.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Mary Taylor Stone taught with Martha Schofield at the Schofield School in Aiken, South Carolina, from 1868 to 1869. Discusses several recent deaths and other news.

Subjects: Death; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Charleston (S.C.)

A00182882. Sidney Andrews letter to Martha Schofield, 1873-05-13.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. ​Thanks Schofield for a letter she sent Andrews about his friend Emily Peduzzi, who recently died. Discusses Peduzzi's legacy.​

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Peduzzi, Emily S., 1834-1873; Death--Religious aspects; Schofield, Martha; Women teachers; Women in education

Relevant locations: Boston (Mass.); Aiken (S.C.)

Scope and Contents

From sister Lydia, brother Ben, Rebecca Shinn, Eliza Bell, Gen O.O. Howard, S. Price, Sophia Dickerson (former student), Sidney Andrews, Addison Hutton, Mother.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00182883. Lydia A. Schofield and Samuel S. Ash letter to Martha Schofield, 1873-06-29.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Fragment. Lydia Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister, and Samuel Ash was her brother-in-law. Discusses Lydia's activities: she went to a lecture on spiritualism and a meeting of the "Peace Society" (likely the Universal Peace Union), where she saw Alfred Love.

Subjects: Peace movements; Spiritualism

Relevant locations: Pennsylvania

A00182884. Letter to Martha Schofield, 1873-07-28.
Scope and Contents

7 pages. Signed by "Cousin Rebe." Discusses a recent accident Schofield's mother had, the engagement of Carrie Shinn, and other news of friends and family. Also enclosed a poem titled "Darwinism in the Kitchen."

Subjects: Child, Mary H. (Mary Hough), 1803-1874; Evolution (Biology) in literature; Poetry; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: West Chester (Pa.); Darby (Pa.)

A00182885. Eliza Fell letter to Martha Schofield, 1873-08-17.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Eliza Fell was Martha Schofield's cousin. Says that Fell is leaving for Europe in a few days and hopes to see Schofield before departing.

Subjects: Voyages and travels; Steamboats; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Darby (Pa.)

A00182886. Oliver Otis Howard letter to Martha Schofield, 1873-10-06.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Oliver Otis Howard was a Union general, commissioner of the Freedmen's Bureau, and founder and president of Howard University. Discusses the heating system at Howard University and assures Schofield that her former student Lawrence Obanyon Posey will have a warm room.

Subjects: Howard University; Heating; Posey, L. O. (Lawrence Obanyon), 1850-; Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Schofield, Martha; African Americans--Education

Relevant locations: Washington (D.C.); Darby (Pa.)

A00182887. Eliza Fell letter to Martha Schofield, 1873-11-09.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. Eliza Fell was Martha Schofield's distant cousin. Describes her travels in Europe with a focus on the aristocracy of Belgium, the catacombs of Paris, the cathedral of Notre Dame, and the late Emperor Napoleon III. Tells Schofield that she has bought subscriptions to several periodicals for her. Asks her to buy plants for several of her friends who live in Florida.

"I hope our great country may live to become a model country, for justice and honor, and that the women of the land may rise above an inordinate love of dress, and show, and save the men from undue speculation to keep up the love of fine establishments and dress."

Subjects: Voyages and travels; Griscom, Clement A., Mrs.; Plants, Ornamental; Catacombs; Notre-Dame de Paris (Cathedral); Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Paris (France); Aiken (S.C.); Antwerp (Belgium)

A00182888. Isaiah Price letter to Martha Schofield, 1873-11-26.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Isaiah Price, a Philadelphia dentist, was the brother-in-law of Martha Schofield's aunt Jane Jackson Price. Briefly discusses a speech given by Jane Price ("a venerable lady of the Society of Friends") at a women's suffrage convention in Missouri and printed in the "Woman's Journal." Speaks at length about religiously-motivated activism, including Schofield's educational work.

Subjects: Religion and social problems; Woman's journal (Boston, Mass. : 1870)

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182889. Sophia Dickerson letter to Martha Schofield, 1873-11-29.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Sophia Dickerson was a former student of Schofield's who transferred to the Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute in Virginia. Reminisces about her time at Schofield's school in Aiken and talks about her life at the Hampton Institute.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute (Va.); African Americans--Services for; Freedmen--Education; African Americans--Education; African American women--Education; Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.); African American schools

Relevant locations: Hampton (Va.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182890. Sidney Andrews letter to Martha Schofield, 1873-12-10.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Thanks Schofield for a letter she sent Andrews and invites her to visit if she happens to be in Boston.

Subjects: Personal correspondence; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Boston (Mass.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182891. Addison Hutton letter to Martha Schofield, 1873-12-14.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Addison Hutton was a prominent Philadelphia-area architect. Thanks Schofield for looking after Hutton's younger brother Harmon in Aiken. Informs her of the death of George Evans.

Subjects: Personal correspondence; Schofield, Martha; Hutton, Harmon Linnaeus, 1852-1874

Relevant locations: Bryn Mawr (Pa.)

A00182892. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield, 1873-12-28.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Mary H. Child was Martha Schofield's mother. Discusses the Christmas gifts various relatives received, the politics concerning appointments to a monthly meeting committee, and other news of friends and family.

Subjects: Mothers and daughters; Society of Friends; Christmas; Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

Scope and Contents

From Jennie Satterthwaite, Mother and sisters, Addison Hutton, E. Willetts, Oldden Ridgway, Sallie Corlies, cousin Sarah, Sue Hutton. Death of Harmon Hutton. To Miss Smith about women's suffrage and financial problems.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00182893. Jane J. Satterthwait letter to Martha Schofield, 1874-01.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Jennie Satterthwait was Martha Schofield's cousin and her temporary co-teacher in Aiken, South Carolina. She has a cold and describes the hog-killing season.

Subjects: Slaughtering and slaughterhouses; Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Crosswicks (N.J.); Darby (Pa.)

A00182894. Lydia A. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1874-01-01.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Lydia Schofield was Martha's sister. Discusses recent news of family and friends. Includes a hymn composed by Helen Hunt Jackson.

Subjects: Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182895. Eliza H. Schofield and Mary H. Child letters to Martha Schofield, 1874-01-08 to 1874-01-18.
Scope and Contents

7 pages. Eliza Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister and Mary H. Child was their mother. Eliza Schofield discusses her recent trip to Washington, especially a sermon she heard given by Otis Tiffany, and mentions dancing at a "sociable" in Philadelphia. Mary H. Child discusses her flowers and her health.

Subjects: Mothers and daughters; Voyages and travels; Tiffany, Otis H. (Otis Henry), 1825-1891

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.); Washington (D.C.)

A00182896. Mary H. Child letter to Martha Schofield, 1874-01-15.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Mary H. Child was Martha Schofield's mother. Discusses news of family and friends, including Jane and Paxson Price's great financial difficulties and the engagements of their children.

Subjects: Mothers and daughters; Finance, personal

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182897. Addison Hutton letter to Martha Schofield, 1874-01-17.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Addison Hutton was a prominent Philadelphia-area architect. Thanks Schofield for looking after his younger brother Harmon in Aiken. Discusses Harmon's health and sends money for him.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Health; Schofield, Martha; Hutton, Harmon Linnaeus, 1852-1874

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00182898. Martha Schofield letter draft to Abby Hadassah Smith, 1874-01-21.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Praises Smith for her refusal to pay taxes until granted suffrage. Reminds Smith of the many who stand in solidarity with her. Discusses injustices Schofield has experienced as a teacher in the South.

Subjects: Smith, Abby Hadassah, 1797-1878; Women's rights; Women--Suffrage; Teachers--Salaries, etc.; Taxation; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00182899. Lydia A. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1874-02-13.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Lydia A. Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. Letter is somewhat damaged. Mentions that Martha has been protesting paying taxes and that there is controversy over "women school directors." Discusses news of friends and family, including several cases of measles in infants and the death of their grandmother.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Women--Suffrage; Taxation; Women school principals; Women in education

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182900. Edmund Willets letter to Martha Schofield, 1874-02-24.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Comments on an essay Schofield sent him. Tells her that the Charity Society of Jericho and Westbury Meetings is likely to contribute money to her school for African American freedmen.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Freedmen--Charities; Freedmen--Education; African Americans--Services for; Education--Finance; Women in education; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Roslyn (N.Y.)

A00182901. Oldden Ridgeway letter to Martha Schofield, 1874-02-25.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Oldden Ridgeway was a distant cousin of Martha Schofield. Comments on a paper that Schofield sent him and on an article by Peter Cooper. Complains about his neighbors' narrow-mindedness and their literal interpretation of the Bible. Briefly discusses the place of knowledge and reason in theology and eschatology. "Creeds, Dogmas, and Ordinances can only be kept alive by stupidity."

Subjects: Religion; Theology; Belief and doubt

Relevant locations: Fairview (Guernsey County, Ohio)

A00182902. Edmund Willets letter to Martha Schofield, 1874-02-27.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Asks for information about the Schofield Normal and Industrial School. Briefly discusses Quaker charities for freedmen.

Subjects: Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.); African American schools; Freedmen--Charities; African Americans--Services for

Relevant locations: Roslyn (N.Y.)

A00182903. Edmund Willets letter to Martha Schofield, 1874-03-03.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. Tells Schofield that the Charity Society of the Jericho and Westbury has decided to contribute money to her school for African American freedmen. Asks about African American interest in the temperance movement.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Freedmen--Charities; Freedmen--Education; African Americans--Services for; African Americans--Education; Education--Finance; Freedmen--Social conditions; African Americans--Social conditions; Temperance; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Roslyn (N.Y.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182904. Mary H. Child and Eliza H. Schofield letters to Martha Schofield, 1874-03-08.
Scope and Contents

7 pages. Mary H. Child and Eliza H. Schofield were Martha Schofield's mother and sister, respectively. Mary H. Child discusses news of friends and family, especially an elderly friend of Martha's who is near death. Eliza Schofield boasts about her housekeeping and mentions that she has had a gentleman caller.

Subjects: Mothers and daughters; Death--Religious aspects; Housekeeping

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182905. Sarah F. Corlies letter to Martha Schofield, 1874-04-04.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Sallie F. Corlies was secretary of the Germantown Freedmen's Aid Association, an important source of funding for Schofield's school in Aiken. Mentions construction Schofield has had done at her school. Briefly discusses fundraising.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Religion; Education--Finance; Freedmen--Charities; Schofield, Martha; Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.)

Relevant locations: Germantown (Philadelphia, Pa.); Darby (Pa.)

A00182906. Addison Hutton letter to Martha Schofield, 1874-04-19.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Addison Hutton was a prominent Philadelphia-area architect; his younger brother Harmon met Schofield while visiting Aiken, South Carolina. Discusses Harmon's health.

Subjects: Health; Hutton, Harmon Linnaeus, 1852-1874

Relevant locations: Bryn Mawr (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182907. Letter to Martha Schofield, 1874-05-10.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. Signed "Sarah." Mentions a visit to the dying Harmon Hutton. Discusses visiting Schofield's school in Aiken, South Carolina, and comments on Schofield's ability to help others.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Death--Religious aspects; Hutton, Harmon Linnaeus, 1852-1874; Schofield, Martha; Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.)

Relevant locations: Orange (N.J.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182908. Letter to Martha Schofield, 1874-05-18.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Signed "Sarah." Discusses Harmon Hutton's death and Schofield's relationship with him.

Subjects: Death--Religious aspects; Schofield, Martha; Hutton, Harmon Linnaeus, 1852-1874

Relevant locations: Orange (N.J.)

Scope and Contents

From Alice, Franklin Parrish, S.A. Collins, Sarah, F.L. Walker, Addison Hutton, sisters Eliza and Lydia, Samuel Ash, George Truman. Martha and Eliza to mother, Martha to sister Sallie and E.P. (Ellen Patrick?). Mother's death.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00182993. George Truman letter to Martha Schofield, 1874-12-29.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. George Truman was a Quaker minister, dentist, and abolitionist. Discusses the custom of invalids spending the winter in the South. Passes on news of friends and family. Describes a plan to hold Quaker meetings in the evenings so younger Friends can attend.

Subjects: Medical climatology; Religion

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00182994. Letter to Martha Schofield, 1874-06-25.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. Possibly from Clement Satterthwaite, who married Caroline "Carrie" Bell (Martha Schofield's cousin) in 1875. The handwriting resembles that in A00183015. Discusses the author's life as a farmer and grocer in Aiken and his feelings for a woman named Carrie.

Subjects: Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.); Darby (Pa.)

A00182995. Susan Hutton Penrose letter to Martha Schofield, 1874-05-31.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Susan G. Hutton Penrose was the sister of architect Addison Hutton. Their brother Harmon, who met Schofield while in South Carolina for his health, had died earlier in the month. Thanks Schofield for her condolences and for the kindness she showed Harmon.

Subjects: Grief; Schofield, Martha; Hutton, Harmon Linnaeus, 1852-1874

Relevant locations: Bryn Mawr (Pa.)

A00182996. S. Franklin Parrish letter to Martha Schofield, 1874-07-08.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Possibly written by Samuel Franklin Parrish (b. 1853). Thanks Schofield for writing to him about the last days of his friend Harmon Hutton's life.

Subjects: Death; Schofield, Martha; Hutton, Harmon Linnaeus, 1852-1874

Relevant locations: Colorado Springs (Colo.); Darby (Pa.)

A00182997. Eliza H. Schofield letter to Mary H. Child; Martha Schofield letter to her family, 1874-07-20.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Mary H. Child was Eliza and Martha Schofield's mother. They pass on news of friends and family.

Subjects: Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00182998. Martha Schofield letter to Sarah J. Ash, 1874-08-06.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Sarah J. Ash was Martha Schofield's sister. Has given Ash a lace collar for her birthday.

Subjects: Personal correspondence; Gifts

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00182999. S.A. Collins letter to Martha Schofield, 1874-08-09.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Written at Glenfield. Addressed to Martha Schofield at the Shippensburg Normal School. Discusses death and the afterlife from a Christian perspective. Quotes extensively from the Bible.

Subjects: Death--Religious aspects--Christianity; Future life--Religious aspects--Christianity

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Darby (Pa.); Shippensburg (Pa.)

A00183000. Letter to Martha Schofield, 1874-09-06.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Signed "thy friend Sarah." Offers condolences for the recent death of Schofield's mother Mary H. Child.

Subjects: Death--Religious aspects--Christianity; Child, Mary H. (Mary Hough), 1803-1874; Condolence notes

Relevant locations: Orange (N.J.)

A00183001. F.L. Walker letter to Martha Schofield, 1874-09-12.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Discusses the hiring of a teacher for the Schofield School. Offers condolences for the recent death of Schofield's mother Mary H. Child. Discusses recent riots and Northerners' overestimation of violence in the South.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Child, Mary H. (Mary Hough), 1803-1874; Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.); Condolence notes

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.); Darby (Pa.)

A00183002. Martha Schofield letter to Sarah J. Ash, 1874-09-17.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Martha Schofield was Sarah J. Ash's sister. Passes on news of friends and family in the wake of their mother's death.

Subjects: Personal correspondence; Death--Religious aspects--Christianity; Child, Mary H. (Mary Hough), 1803-1874

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00183003. Addison Hutton letter to Martha Schofield, 1874-09-19.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Addison Hutton was a prominent Philadelphia-area architect. Would like to visit Schofield, but is not sure when. Offers condolences for the death of her mother.

Subjects: Personal correspondence; Condolence notes

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Darby (Pa.)

A00183004. Letter to Martha Schofield, 1874-09-27.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Signed "S" (for "Sarah"). Discusses her recent move, her reading, and Harmon Hutton. Passes on news of family and friends. Comments on F.L. Walker's recent letter to Schofield (A00183001). Discusses various people considering traveling to the South for their health.

Subjects: Personal correspondence; Medical climatology

Relevant locations: Orange (N.J.)

A00183005. Eliza H. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield; Isaiah Price letter to Martha Schofield, 1874-10-25.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. Eliza Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. Eliza discusses the spirit of their recently deceased mother and Martha's return to Aiken. The enclosed letter from Isaiah Price, the brother of Martha and Eliza's uncle, offers condolences for the death of Martha's mother Mary H. Child.

Subjects: Condolence notes; Death--Religious aspects--Christianity; Child, Mary H. (Mary Hough), 1803-1874

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00183006. Lydia A. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1874-10-26.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Lydia Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. Offers Martha comfort as she returns to Aiken, South Carolina, shortly after the death of their mother Mary H. Child. Says Child's spirit will be a guardian angel to Martha as she goes south.

Subjects: Future life; Spiritualism; Guardian angels; Child, Mary H. (Mary Hough), 1803-1874

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00183007. Samuel S. Ash letter to Martha Schofield, 1874-11-01.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Samuel Ash was Martha Schofield's brother-in-law. Wishes Schofield the best; tells her a bill of lading for several packages is enclosed.

Subjects: Personal correspondence

Scope and Contents

From Anna Willetts, L.O. Posey, sister Lydia, Sarah of Orange, Allen Scott, Mary Taylor Stone, Halliday Jackson. To her sisters.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00183008. Martha Schofield letter to her siblings, 1875-03-21.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Addressed to "dear ones all." Describes the death of a Mrs. Sawyer's daughter. Discusses the housekeeping duties of operating a boarding house. Briefly mentions events at the Schofield Normal and Industrial School. Alludes to the death of her nephew Oliver Howard Ash in 1874.

Subjects: Death; Bereavement; Landladies; Housekeeping

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00183009. Anna B. Willets letter to Martha Schofield, 1875-03-22.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Anna Willets and her husband Edward ran a school in Purchase, New York, where Martha Schofield taught in the late 1850s. Tells Schofield about the recent death of her father-in-law, prominent Quaker Edmund Willets, who had been a donor to Schofield's school.

Subjects: Willets, Edmund, 1800-1875; Death

Relevant locations: Long Island (N.Y.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00183010. Lawrence Obanyon Posey letter to Martha Schofield, 1875-04-13.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Lawrence Obanyon Posey was an African-American student of Martha Schofield's who graduated from Howard University in 1882 as valedictorian of his class and became a lawyer. Tells Schofield about his studies. Says he is leaving university in Columbia because the slow teaching pace and he is invested in getting into Howard University. Thanks Schofield for her friendship and support. Worries about how Elizabeth Dorsey, a major funder of the Schofield School, will react to his leaving university.

Subjects: African American students; Interracial friendship; Teacher-student relationships; African Americans--Education; African Americans--Education (Higher); Schofield, Martha; Dorsey, Elizabeth, 1837-

Relevant locations: Columbia (S.C.)

A00183011. Lydia A. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1875-04-14.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Lydia Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. Tells Martha in detail about the birth of their niece Mary Schofield Ash, daughter of Sarah and Samuel Ash. Mentions the celebration of an antislavery society's centennial.

Subjects: Jenkins, Mary Ash, 1875-1948; Ash, Sarah J. (Sarah Jane), 1835-1912; Childbirth

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00183012. Eliza H. Schofield and Lydia A. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1875-04-28.
Scope and Contents

7 pages. Eliza and Lydia Schofield were Martha Schofield's sisters. Mentions the upcoming annual meeting of the Universal Peace Union. Discusses the health of their sister Sarah J. Ash, who had given birth on April 14th. Describes an incident in which their nephew Samuel Earl Ash (1871-1892) burned his arm in scalding water.

Subjects: Puerperium; Children's accidents; Burns and scalds in children

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00183369. Letter fragment, 1875-04-28.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Letter fragment written on an envelope discusses a trial at which a clairvoyant gave testimony. Possibly enclosed as part of A00183012.

Subjects: Trials, litigation, etc.

A00183013. Martha Schofield letter to her sister, 1875-05-06.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Likely to Schofield's sister Sarah J. Ash, who had given birth on April 14. Comments on an accident in which Ash's young son Samuel Earl scalded his arm. Discusses her feelings about living in Aiken; describes two men, Frank and Mr. Coale, who have called on her recently. Mentions renovations to to her home. Recently received a donation from a Bostonian named Mr. Spooner. Is considering selling her house.

Subjects: Personal correspondence.

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00183014. Letter to Martha Schofield, 1875-09-17.
Scope and Contents

7 pages. Signed "Sarah." Thanks Schofield for spiritual counsel. Discusses the possibility of visiting Schofield in Aiken, South Carolina; mentions that her invalid friend Mary Fields is interested in traveling there. Briefly comments on the failure of the Freedman's Bank.

Subjects: Medical climatology; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Orange (N.J.); New York (N.Y.); Darby (Pa.)

A00183015. Letter to Martha Schofield, 1875-09-18.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Signed "Allen." The handwriting resembles that in A00182994. Offers Schofield advice on buying a horse. Explains how he bought a store; asks her for business advice. Expresses great affection for her; asks for a photograph of her. Mentions that her former student Lawrence Obanyon Posey is in town.

Subjects: Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00183016. Mary Taylor Stone letter to Martha Schofield, 1875-11-14.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. Mary Taylor Stone taught with Martha Schofield at the Schofield School in Aiken, South Carolina, from 1868 to 1869. Passes on news of friends and family. Offers to help Schofield with her will.

Subjects: Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Charleston (S.C.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00183017. Letter to Martha Schofield, approximately 1868-1877.
Scope and Contents

7 pages. Signed "Sarah." Answers Schofield's questions about a Miss Bradshaw who is interested in boarding with Schofield in Aiken, South Carolina. Discusses mutual friends named Amos and Clem. Expresses dissatisfaction with living in a boarding house. Explains why she cannot go to Aiken with Schofield this fall. Discusses Quaker minister George Truman.

Subjects: Boardinghouses; Truman, George; Medical climatology; Invalids

Relevant locations: Orange (N.J.); Darby (Pa.)

A00183018. Halliday Jackson letter to Martha Schofield, 1875-12-19.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Halliday Jackson was Martha Schofield's uncle. Comments on Schofield's teaching work. Discusses his genealogical research on the Jackson family, including the family's Irish cousins. Mentions the good influence Schofield had on his son Halliday when she visited last summer.

Subjects: Genealogy; Quakers--Genealogy; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: West Chester (Pa.)

Scope and Contents

From Fannie Serrill, Debby Sheldrake, Susie Bunting, Dennis Douglass, Matilda Harris, sister Sallie and nephew Howard, State Superintendent of Education J.K. Jillson, Sarah of Orange, Samuel Ash.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00183032. Class letters to Martha Schofield, 1865-1916.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. Letters to Martha Schofield from students in the school of her sister Eliza Schofield. They thank Martha for sending them cotton and ground nuts.

Subjects: Cotton; Students

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00183033. Dennis F. Douglass letter to Martha Schofield, 1876-02-20.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Dennis F. Douglass was a student of Martha Schofield's who went on to study at the Hampton Institute, teach at the Schofield School, and serve as principle of the public school in Montezuma, Georgia. Discusses his studies at Hampton. Says he wants to pursue a career as a teacher. Describes the planned school commencement.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); African American students; African American schools; African Americans--Education

Relevant locations: Hampton (Va.)

A00183034. Matilda A. Harris letter to Martha Schofield, 1876-02-22.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Matilda A. Harris (b.1855) was one of Martha Schofield's students. Says she enjoys reading the periodicals she receives in the mail and asks Schofield to have more sent to her. Discusses her schooling under a white man named Francis Timmons. Briefly discusses family/friends and asks how Schofield is doing at the Schofield School.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); African Americans--Education; African American women--Education; Women--Education; Teacher-student relationships; Periodicals

Relevant locations: Edgefield County (S.C.)

A00183035. Matilda A. Harris letter to Martha Schofield, 1876-05-29.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Matilda A. Harris (b.1855) was one of Martha Schofield's students. Expresses her love for Schofield, praising her kindness and good advice. Mentions writing to someone named Mr. Warren. Wishes she could continue her education with Schofield. References the periodicals Schofield bought her a subscription to. Discusses teaching bible study, her work as a manual laborer on a farm, and the possibility of getting married. Asks Schofield and teacher William T. Rodenbach to write a speech for herself and one of the boys at her school.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); African American women--Social conditions; African Americans--Education; African American women--Education; Women--Education; Teacher-student relationships; Periodicals

Relevant locations: Edgefield County (S.C.)

A00183036. Henry C. Ash and Sarah J. Ash letter to Martha Schofield, 1875-02-28.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Henry C. Ash was Martha Schofield's nephew; Sarah J. Ash was her sister. Discusses Henry's classes. Says he has made puzzles with his scroll saw. Describes having a tooth pulled by Isaiah Price. Discusses a relative's wedding which Henry is very excited about.

Subjects: Education; Jig saws; Price, Isaiah, 1822-1901; Teeth--Extraction

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00183037. Justus K. Jillson letter to Martha Schofield, 1876-07-10.
Scope and Contents

1 page. Justus K. Jillson served as South Carolina's superintendent of education during the Reconstruction era. Discusses the pay of teachers at the Schofield School.

Subjects: Teachers--Salaries, etc.

Relevant locations: Columbia (S.C.); Darby (Pa.)

A00183038. Letter to Martha Schofield, 1876-04-03.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Written by "Sarah." Briefly reminisces about Harmon Hutton. Reflects on life at a boarding house. Discusses the logistics of a money order. Says she is glad Schofield's lungs have been healthy. Reminisces on a trip to the South she and Lissy Bunting took last winter. Discusses her invalid friend Mary Field. Mentions Henry Ward Beecher.

Subjects: Boardinghouses; North and south; Postal money orders

Relevant locations: Orange (N.J.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00183039. Letter to Martha Schofield, 1876-11-12.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. Written by "Sarah." She reacts to Schofield's letter describing the violence, intimidation, and oppression of the colored people in the South but is relieved to know how brave Schofield was when dealing with the Ku Klux Klan. She is eager to learn who will win the presidential election and suspects that it will be Rutherford B. Hayes. She shares news about friends and discusses the Centennial Exhibition held in Philadelphia in 1876. She adds that she thinks it's time for her to have the right to vote.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Hayes, Rutherford B., 1822-1893; Tilden, Samuel J. (Samuel Jones), 1814-1886; Presidents--Election; Centennial Exhibition; Women--Suffrage; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Orange (N.J.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00183040. Samuel S. Ash letter to Martha Schofield, 1876-12-06.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Samuel Ash was Martha Schofield's brother-in-law. He is glad that the horse he sent Schofield arrived safely. He shares that his daughter, Mary, is improving after a lengthy sickness and describes his household's daily activities.

Subjects: Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

Scope and Contents

Responses from around that nation to her letter in the N.Y. Tribune describing the political outrages of the South.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00183019. Rowland Johnson letter to Martha Schofield, 1876-11-15.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. Rowland Johnson was a Quaker abolitionist. Responds to a letter by Martha Schofield published in the New York Herald Tribune (15 November 1876) describing the violence southern whites committed on African Americans, including the Ellenton riot. Discusses the contested presidential election of 1876. Encourages Schofield to send any additional information to abolitionist and newspaper editor Oliver Johnson.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Contested elections; Letters to the editor; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: New York (N.Y.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00183020. James B. Silkman letter to Martha Schofield, 1876-11-17.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. James B. Silkman was a New York City lawyer. Responds to a letter by Martha Schofield published in the New York Herald Tribune (15 November 1876) describing the violence southern whites committed on African Americans, including the Ellenton riot. Describes Reverend Edgerton, whose misleading statements had led Schofield to write her letter. Tells her that Fulton Street Meeting will pray for her.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Letters to the editor; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: New York (N.Y.)

A00183021. Samuel Foster letter to Martha Schofield, 1876-11-18.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Written on the letterhead of the Assistant District Attorney of Rensselaer County, New York. Responds to a letter by Martha Schofield published in the New York Herald Tribune (15 November 1876) describing the violence southern whites committed on African Americans, including the Ellenton riot. Says that his Democratic friends think Schofield's letter is "bogus" and the violence is actually committed by African Americans. Asks her to write back to him to convince his friends she exists and is honest.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Letters to the editor; Schofield, Martha; Truthfulness and falsehood--Political aspects; Racism

Relevant locations: Troy (N.Y.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00183022. Sallie J. Haldeman letter to Martha Schofield, 1876-11-22.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Responds to a letter by Martha Schofield published in the New York Herald Tribune (15 November 1876) describing the violence southern whites committed on African Americans. Says that the northern winters have been bad for her health and that she would like to move south. Asks Schofield if she knows of any available teaching positions near Aiken.

Subjects: Women in education; Women teachers; Medical climatology; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Bement (Ill.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00183023. Pinkney Bone letter to Martha Schofield, 1876-11-26.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Responds to a letter by Martha Schofield published in the New York Herald Tribune (15 November 1876) describing the violence southern whites committed on African Americans, including the Ellenton riot. Asks for a response from Schofield to convince his Democratic friends that the letter was genuine and not "a mear [sic] Lectionearing Scheem." Describes his time fighting in South Carolina during the Civil War; believed his lack of injury was a sign of divine protection and favor.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Letters to the editor; Schofield, Martha; Truthfulness and falsehood--Political aspects; Politics; African Americans--Crimes against; Veterans--Political activity

Relevant locations: Mount Pleasant (Jefferson County, Ohio); Aiken (S.C.)

A00183024. Cristina White letter to Martha Schofield, 1876-11-26.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Responds to a letter by Martha Schofield published in the New York Herald Tribune (15 November 1876) describing the violence southern whites committed on African Americans, including the Ellenton riot. Says that she believes Schofield's letter, even though some Democrats say the stories of violence are false. Asks for a response for Schofield so that she can convince the Democrats.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Letters to the editor; Schofield, Martha; Truthfulness and falsehood--Political aspects; Political violence; Racism

Relevant locations: Chatham (Ohio : Township); Aiken (S.C.)

A00183025. J.B. Painter letter to Martha Schofield, 1876-11-30.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Responds to a letter by Martha Schofield published in the New York Herald Tribune (15 November 1876) describing the violence southern whites committed on African Americans, including the Ellenton riot. Says that local conservatives do not believe her account. Asks for a correspondence with her or another "reliable reference."

"You remember what Anna Dickinson did for our Country by her public work. You may do the same."

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Letters to the editor; Schofield, Martha; Truthfulness and falsehood--Political aspects; Political violence; Racism

Relevant locations: Chase City (Va.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00183026. Joseph D. Steele letter to Martha Schofield, 1876-12-03.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. Responds to a letter by Martha Schofield published in the New York Herald Tribune (15 November 1876) describing the violence southern whites committed on African Americans. Offers details about his life and family. Says he teaches at a school for African Americans. Discusses African Americans' schools and churches in Missouri, as well as backlash against them. Asks for a response from Schofield suitable for partial publication in Presbyterian newspapers. Discusses a Presbyterian minister named Hemphill whom he met in South Carolina.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Race relations; Racism; African Americans--Crimes against; African Americans--Education; African American schools; African American clergy; Teachers--Salaries, etc.; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Warsaw (Mo.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00183027. Anonymous hate mail to Martha Schofield, 1876-12-06.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Anonymous hate mail. Signed "a Maine man living here for 40 years." Responds to a letter by Martha Schofield published in the New York Herald Tribune (15 November 1876) describing the violence southern whites committed on African Americans. Accuses Schofield of deliberately lying to get attention. "Just such Cattle as you, are the ones that keep up strife between [North] and South."

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Hate mail; Anonymous letters; Race relations; Truthfulness and falsehood; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Wilmington (N.C.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00183028. Orsena Fowler Smith letter to Martha Schofield, 1876-12-09.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Thanks Schofield for her "Christ-like work among the poor colored people." Encloses a one dollar donation.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Gifts; African American schools

Relevant locations: New York (N.Y.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00183029. W.A. Helsell letter to Martha Schofield, 1876-12-11.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Responds to a letter by Martha Schofield published in the New York Herald Tribune (15 November 1876) describing the violence southern whites committed on African Americans. Asks Schofield to confirm the facts given in the letter "purporting" to be from her. Says that Northeners have a difficult time understanding conditions in the South.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); Letters to the editor; Schofield, Martha; Truthfulness and falsehood--Political aspects

Relevant locations: Clinton County (Iowa); Aiken (S.C.)

A00183030. John Mason Rice letter to Martha Schofield, 1876-12-12.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Responds to a letter by Martha Schofield published in the New York Herald Tribune (15 November 1876) describing the violence southern whites committed on African Americans. Thanks her for her bravery. Discusses the election fraud and political violence he has seen since moving to Georgia from New York. Postscript written by Mrs. H.G. Rice.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); African Americans--Crimes against; Minorities--Violence against; Political violence; Elections--Corrupt practices; Racism

Relevant locations: Augusta (Ga.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00183031. Edward Jackson letter to Martha Schofield, 1876-12-13.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Written from the University of Pennsylvania. Discusses circulation of a letter by Martha Schofield published in the New York Herald Tribune (15 November 1876) describing the violence southern whites committed on African Americans. Discusses politics; alludes to the contested election of 1876.

Subjects: Politics; Letters to the editor; North and south

Relevant locations: West Philadelphia (Philadelphia, Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

Scope and Contents

From Rachel Price, Jeremiah Watterman, S.C. Armstrong, Joseph Martin seeking assistance on move to South Carolina, S. Ott, Frank Peters, T. Chalkley Bartram and sister Lydia about Sadie's death. Draft of letter to Friend Church about need for education for black people.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00183041. Rachel Price Hicks letter to Martha Schofield, approximately 1875-1880.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Rachel Price Hicks was Martha Schofield's cousin. The first part of the letter is a transcription of a poem about a baby by Harriet McEwen Kimball, which Price calls nonsense but instructs Schofield to read to the young mothers.

Subjects: Poetry; Kimball, Harriet McEwen, 1834-1917; Schofield, Martha

A00183042. Jeremiah Waterman letter to Martha Schofield, 1877-01-13.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. Jeremiah Waterman (1820-1895) has received notice that Schofield received the barrels of books, etc. that his son Charles Waterman sent her. The items were likely sent to Schofield after her letters were published by the New York Herald Tribune (15 November 1876) describing the social conditions for African Americans in South Carolina. Waterman reacts to Schofield's published letters and requests that she write a letter to his son who is currently traveling in Europe.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); African Americans--Social conditions; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Albany (N.Y.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00183043. S. C. Armstrong letter to Martha Schofield, 1877-01-24.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. S. C. Armstrong was the principal of the Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute in Virginia. Written to Martha Schofield in response to several letters she wrote describing the social conditions of African Americans in South Carolina which were published in the N.Y. Tribune. He thanks her for what she wrote and invites her to come visit his school.

Subjects: Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877); African Americans--Social conditions; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Hampton (Va.)

A00183044. Joseph Martin letter to Martha Schofield, 1877-12-07.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Martin has read the letters that Martha Schofield wrote describing the situations of African Americans in South Carolina which was published in the N.Y. Tribune. He tells Schofield that he is in ill health and was advised by his doctor to move down South, and asks her if she has any employment opportunities for him. He adds that he is a true friend to African American people.

Subjects: Medical climatology; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Pittsburgh (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00183045. S. Ott letter to Martha Schofield, 1878-06-29.
Scope and Contents

1 page. Ott was possibly a trustee for the Schofield Normal and Industrial School. Has "covered the property for $1500 for three years", and wants to know whether to send her the policy or retain it.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.); Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00183046. Frank A. Peters letter, 1878-07-23.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Addressed to "Dear Sir." He writes that he played croquet and was told by people in his church that it was a sin, but he refused to agree and demanded to know where in the bible it says that playing croquet is wrong. He is a teacher of Sunday School and some parents have refused to send their kids to his school because he would not renounce playing croquet. He asks the recipient to send his love to Miss Schofield.

Subjects: Croquet; Sports--Religious aspects

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00183047. S.I. Mott letter to Martha Schofield, 1878-05-19.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Written by S.I. Mott [sp], possibly a relative of Sadie Brouwer Bartram. Martha Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends. Discusses Bartram's death.

Subjects: Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878; Death

A00183048. Lydia A. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1878-05-23.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Lydia A. Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. Describes the funeral of Sadie Brouwer Bartram in detail. Martha Schofield had met Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two had remained close friends.

Subjects: Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878; Bartram, Thomas Chalkley, 1835-1931; Schofield, Martha; Death; Funeral rites and ceremonies

Relevant locations: Ashley (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00183049. Chalkley Bartram letter to Martha Schofield, 1878-06-25.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Chalkey Bartram was Martha Schofield's friend. Invites Schofield to help him select a headstone for his recently deceased wife Sadie Brouwer Bartram (Schofield met Sadie Brouwer Bartram in 1859 while teaching at a school in Harrison, New York, and the two remained close friends). Discusses Schofield's offer to foster his daughter Mary.

Subjects: Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878; Schofield, Martha; Sepulchral monuments

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.); Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00183050. Martha Schofield letter to the editor, 1877-08-05.
Scope and Contents

11 pages. Addressed to "Friend Church." Discusses the state of education and morality in the South. Asks readers to send her periodicals so that she can give her students reading material. Discusses the state of her school and the politics around its funding. Describes her land holdings and her attempts to buy property. The last four pages, which may not belong with the rest, discuss the lack of opportunity for women in the South, the future of women's rights, and a visit to a poorly run school.

Subjects: Education; Periodicals; Education--Moral and ethical aspects; Education--Finance; Education--Political aspects; Taxation; Land tenure--Women; Women in education; Women teachers; Women--Social conditions; Women's rights; Letters to the editor

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.); Southern States

Scope and Contents

From T. Chalkley Bertram, sister Sallie, telegram from Samuel Ash about Lucretia Mott's death, Isaiah Price Describing Mott's funeral. Martha to her family on racism in South Carolina, fever, again, death of a pupil, her thanks for Ash's telegram.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00183051. Martha Schofield letter, approximately 1870-1880.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Addressed to one or more of her siblings. Considers constructing houses and hiring families to work the land around the Schofield Normal and Industrial School. Describes the racial discrimination and violence faced by African Americans when trying to buy houses and vote. Envelope may not be associated with letter.

Subjects: African Americans--Social conditions; Racism; Race relations; Discrimination in housing; African Americans--Civil rights; Voter intimidation; Reconstruction (United States : 1865-1877)

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00183052. Sarah J. Ash letter to Martha Schofield, 1880.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Fragment. Sarah Ash was Martha Schofield's sister. She describes being moved by a recent sermon given by her husband, Samuel Ash, and also complains about the sermons given by Orthodox Friends at Quarterly Meeting. She discusses her marriage and says she is grateful that Schofield is still alive "after the dreadful outrages committed near [her]."

Subjects: Quakers; Society of Friends; Marriage; Ash, Samuel S. (Samuel Shinn), 1829-1911; Schofield, Martha

A00183053. Chalkley Bartram letter to Martha Schofield, 1879-05-25.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Chalkley Bartram married Martha Schofield's closest friend, Sadie Brouwer Bartram. He mourns the death of his wife, who had passed away one year earlier, and his children's loss of their mother. He also shares several other recent deaths of friends and acquaintances.

Subjects: Death; Bereavement; Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Darby (Pa.)

A00183054. Martha Schofield letter to her sisters, 1880-02.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Martha Schofield describes in detail her symptoms during a recent bout of breakbone fever. She discusses growing older and is excited that her cousin Abraham Bell is sending her a barrel of apples.

Subjects: Diseases; Dengue; Fever; Aging; Bell, Abraham, 1841-1914

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00183055. Martha Schofield letter to her sister, 1880-05-14.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Martha Schofield talks about her fundraising efforts for her school. She also talks about some of her friends in Aiken.

Subjects: Gifts; Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00183056. Martha Schofield letter to her sisters, 1880-11-07.
Scope and Contents

16 pages. Schofield details the struggles of the newly enfranchised African Americans in the South to vote and the violence enacted against them by white men. She also discusses the rampant racism in Aiken and her own struggles as an educator and defender of African Americans. She says that if they see fit, they can submit parts of the letter to be published by the press.

Subjects: African Americans--Social conditions; Voter intimidation; Racism; Race relations; Minorities--Violence against; African Americans--Crimes against; African Americans--Civil rights; United States--History--1865-1921

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00183057. Samuel S. Ash telegram to Martha Schofield, 1880-11-12.
Scope and Contents

1 page. Samuel S. Ash was Martha Schofield's brother-in-law. Reports the death of prominent Quaker social reformer Lucretia Mott and date of her upcoming funeral.

Subjects: Mott, Lucretia, 1793-1880; Death

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00183058. Isaiah Price letter to Martha Schofield, 1880-11-15.
Scope and Contents

17 pages. Isaiah Price was the brother of Martha Schofield's uncle Paxson Price. Praises the recently deceased Lucretia Mott and describes her funeral in detail. Lucretia Mott was a prominent Quaker and social reformer.

Subjects: Mott, Lucretia, 1793-1880; Wharton, Deborah Fisher, 1795-1888; Furness, William Henry, 1802-1896; Funeral rites and ceremonies; Funeral orations

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00183059. Martha Schofield letter to Samuel S. Ash, 1880-11-16.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Possibly a fragment. Samuel Ash was Martha Schofield's brother-in-law. She thanks him for sending her word about the death of Lucretia Mott. She then describes speaking to an African American Baptist congregation about Mott and her labors towards the abolition of slavery.

Subjects: Abolitionists; Slavery; African American churches; Faith; Mott, Lucretia, 1793-1880

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

Scope and Contents

From Albion Tourgeé to President recommending her for Postmistress of Aiken, Allen Scott, sister Lydia, Mary Walker. To Aiken newspaper, Ladies' Journal, E.M. Davis, her family, B.P. Chatfield, niece Mary. Her anger at Chatfield's appointment as postmaster, distrust of Northerners in S.C., T. Chalkley Bertram's wedding.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00183060. Albion W. Tourgée letter to James A. Garfield, 1881-04-04.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Albion Tourgée was a prominent laywer, public official, and activist. He writes to introduce Schofield to Garfield and praises her for "lifting into the light of liberty the men whom the nation had just freed from bondage." He recommends her for appointment as postmistress at Aiken in order to aid her work. A00183063 includes a copy of this letter made by Schofield.

Subjects: Postmasters--Selection and appointment; Schofield, Martha; Women--Political activity; Employment references

Relevant locations: Greensboro (N.C.)

A00183061. Martha Schofield letters to the editor, 1881-04.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Written to the editor of an Aiken paper and that of the Woman's Journal. Likely rough drafts. She addresses her recent attempt to be appointed postmistress of Aiken, a decision which she says was proposed to her by prominent men in the area. She details her struggles and her betrayal by many men who once supported her.

Subjects: Letters to the editor; Postmasters--Selection and appointment; Schofield, Martha; Women--Political activity

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00183062. Martha Schofield letter to Edward M. Davis; Edward M. Davis letter to Martha Schofield, 1881-04-03.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Edward M. Davis was an abolitionist and women's rights activist. Schofield asks Davis to endorse her application for the position of postmistress of Aiken. Davis replies that he heartily endorses her and will do anything he can to help her. He praises her for being a Quaker antislavery activist who has made the South her home.

Subjects: Postmasters--Selection and appointment; Women--Political activity; Employment references

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.); Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00183063. Albion W. Tourgée letter to James A. Garfield or Thomas M. James; Albion W. Tourgée letter to James A. Garfield, 1881-04-02.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Handwritten copies of letters written by Albion Tourgée, who was a prominent laywer, public official, and activist. Thomas M. James was postmaster general under President James Garfield. Tourgée praises Schofield and offers assurance that she would be an ideal candidate for postmistress of Aiken. The second letter is a copy of A00183060.

Subjects: Postmasters--Selection and appointment; Schofield, Martha; Women--Political activity; Employment references

Relevant locations: Greensboro (N.C.)

A00183064. Albion W. Tourgée letter to Martha Schofield, 1881-04-04.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Albion Tourgée was a prominent laywer, public official, and activist. He writes to Martha Schofield that he encloses two letters of recommendation for her for the position of postmistress of Aiken and she may select which one she would like to send to President Garfield or Postmaster General Thomas M. James. He recommends that she go and see President Garfield.

Subjects: Postmasters--Selection and appointment; Schofield, Martha; Employment references

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00183065. Allan A. Scott letter to Martha Schofield, 1875-1887.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Allen A. Scott was a formerly enslaved man who was taught by Martha Schofield. He writes to her from Lincoln University, a historically black university in Pennsylvania, where Schofield helped him gain admission. He talks about his health difficulties (Scott had been maimed by his enslaver and might be referring to ongoing complications of his injuries). He discusses his studies and invites Schofield to his commencement ceremony.

Subjects: Lincoln University (Pa.); African Americans--Education; Freedmen--Education; Teacher-student relationships; Sick; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Oxford (Pa.)

A00183066. Martha Schofield letter to her sisters, 1881-05-16.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. She describes visiting her friend Sophy, who taught near Ridge Spring, and was immensely impressed by her school. She shares that she got a refrigerator and briefly talks about her campaign to be appointed postmistress of Aiken.

Subjects: Refrigerators; Postmasters--Selection and appointment

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.); Ridge Spring (S.C.)

A00183067. Martha Schofield letter to her sister, 1881-05-22.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Likely a fragment. Martha Schofield details her efforts to be appointed Postmistress of Aiken, which has caused her to endure much discrimination as a woman. She also discusses some of her friends and acquaintances in Aiken.

Subjects: Postmasters--Selection and appointment; Women--Political activity

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00183068. Martha Schofield letter to Benjamin P. Chatfield, 1881-06-20.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Likely a rough draft because it contains several edits. B. P. Chatfield was the owner of the Highland Park Hotel in Aiken. Martha Schofield writes a scathing rebuke of Chatfield, whom she says betrayed her by telling her he would write a letter of recommendation on her behalf to the postmaster general but did not write said letter and instead sought the position for himself. She talks about the struggles she has endured in the South and how hopeful she had been that the position would be hers. She adds that her faith will enable her to endure.

Subjects: Postmasters--Selection and appointment; Betrayal; Faith; Chatfield, B. P.

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00183069. William T. Rodenbach letter copy to Benjamin P. Chatfield, 1881-06-20.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Martha Schofield's handwritten copy of Rodenbach's letter. William Rodenbach worked at the Schofield School, and B. P. Chatfield was the owner of the Highland Park Hotel in Aiken. Rodenbach criticizes Chatfield for betraying Schofield by initially supporting her bid for postmistress of Aiken and then seeking the position for himself.

Subjects: Postmasters--Selection and appointment; Betrayal; Chatfield, B. P.; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00183070. Mary Walker letter to Martha Schofield, 1881-07-01.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Walker writes that she was sorry to read about the manner in which Schofield has been persecuted in the South but assures her that she is working for a good cause and will be rewarded in Heaven.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00183071. Lydia A. Schofield letter to Sarah J. Ash, 1881-08-06.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Lydia Schofield was Sarah Ash's twin sister and they were Martha Schofield's sisters. Lydia sends a happy birthday note to her sister along with a copied quote about motherhood. She also praises their mother, Mary Child.

Subjects: Birthdays; Motherhood; Motherhood--Religious aspects--Christianity; Child, Mary H. (Mary Hough), 1803-1874

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00183072. Martha Schofield letter to Eliza H. Schofield, 1881-11-10.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Eliza Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. She discusses her efforts to raise funds for her school and lists some recent donations that will be allocated to the "Garfield Fund."

Subjects: Fund raising

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.); Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00183073. Martha Schofield letter to her sister, 1881-11-18.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. Martha Schofield mourns the death of a friend of hers in Aiken. She also describes a surprise visit from her cousin William Schofield and relates two humorous stories.

Subjects: Funeral rites and ceremonies; Humor

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00183074. Martha Schofield letters to Mary Ash Jenkins and Sarah Carver, 1881-11-24.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Mary Jenkins was Martha Schofield's niece. Schofield writes a note to her young niece and Carver enclosing some beads that she once wore when she was a young girl.

Subjects: Nieces; Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.); Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00183075. Martha Schofield letter to her sisters, 1881-12-11.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Martha Schofield writes about a surprise visit from a man from Delaware County named Preston Thomas.

Subjects: Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00183076. Martha Schofield letter to her sisters, 1881-12-18.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Envelope addressed to Martha Schofield's sister Eliza Schofield. Martha describes staying with Edmund T. Ware and his family in Atlanta (Ware was the president of Atlanta University). She also discusses visiting places in Atlanta, including Atlanta University.

Subjects: Clark Atlanta University

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.); Philadelphia (Pa.); Atlanta (Ga.)

A00183077. Martha Schofield letter to Eliza H. Schofield, 1881-12-20.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Eliza Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. Martha writes that she does not have much time to teach anymore because she keeps busy handling business and taking calls. She also shares some news about family and friends.

Subjects: Women teachers; Women in education

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.); Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00183078. Martha Schofield letter to Eliza H. Schofield, approximately 1881-1882.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Fragment. Eliza Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. Martha asks if their sister Lydia is going to write to former First Lady Lucretia Garfield, and she expresses hope that Garfield will donate some money to the Schofield School. She also discusses the recent second wedding of Chalkey Bartram and some of her recent activities.

Subjects: Garfield, Lucretia Rudolph, 1832-1918; Bartram, Thomas Chalkley, 1835-1931

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

Scope and Contents

From sisters, postcard from Asheville, Ancil Campbell about Republican certificate. To her sisters about attending graduation at Lincoln University, Mary Rodenbach, Miss E.H. Van Lew. William Rodenbach to sister Eliza on plan to get stone marker for school.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00183079. Martha Schofield letter to her sisters, 1882-01-01.
Scope and Contents

10 pages. Martha Schofield writes about having some teachers from a local school stay with her and expresses her disdain for the teachers and the lack of progress in their school. She blames the churches for their "subjugation of woman to keep her humbled - to silence and stifle and crush and break-down - every aspiring motive, that was not in accord with the man's idea of woman' sphere." She discusses her Christmas activities and enumerates many of the gifts and cards she received. She also talks about the illness of cousin "R." and the likeliness that she will die very soon.

Subjects: African American schools; Women teachers; Women in education; Women's rights; Sex discrimination against women; Christmas; Gifts; Death; Future life

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00183080. Martha Schofield letter to her sisters, 1882-01-08.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Martha Schofield writes in detail about a recent party she held where she hosted two local needy families. She also talks about having a surprise visit from two traveling Quakers, David Heston and Daniel B. Price, the latter of whom donated fifty dollars to the school. After they left, a man from Ohio visited the school after hearing about it from Heston. This man told Schofield about a memorable encounter with an older Quaker woman when he was a child which leads Schofield to ponder how much of a lasting impression she has on others. She also mentions that she was glad to hear that cousin R's health seems to be improving.

Subjects: African American schools; Gifts; Quakers

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.); Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00183081. Martha Schofield letter to Eliza H. Schofield, 1882-04-16.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Eliza Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. Martha writes about raising money to build a new schoolhouse, a project that she has been putting off for three years.

Subjects: Education--Finance

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.); Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00183082. Martha Schofield letter to her sisters, 1882-06-25.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Martha Schofield has recently returned to Aiken after a trip to Washington, D.C. She laments missing attending Lawrence Obanyon Posey's commencement ceremony where he was the valedictorian and praises Posey's achievements. She then discusses her trip to Washington and expresses ire about what she saw in Congress. She writes that "the presence of woman, is the only remedy to make it decent and respectable." She also writes in great detail about a dinner party that she threw, including the guest list, the menu, and their activities.

Subjects: Women teachers; Women in education; United States--History--1865-1921; United States. Congress; United States. Congress. House; United States. Congress. Senate; Posey, L. O. (Lawrence Obanyon), 1850-; Parties

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.); Washington (D.C.)

A00183083. Martha Schofield letter to her sisters, 1882-05-28.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Martha Schofield writes about spending time in Massachusetts where she visited with Richard Price Hallowell and his wife, William Lloyd Garrison Jr., Lucy Stone, Mary C. Ames, and others. She hopes to attend a woman's suffrage meeting because she does not often get an opportunity to attend such events. She also mentions raising some money for her school while in Massachusetts.

Subjects: Women--Suffrage; Fund raising; Hallowell, Richard P. (Richard Price), 1835-1904; Stone, Lucy, 1818-1893

Relevant locations: West Medford (Mass.); Roxbury (Boston, Mass.)

A00183084. Martha Schofield letter to Eliza H. Schofield, 1882-07-11.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. Eliza Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. Martha writes about giving marriage advice to the young bride of a friend, which she says she enjoys doing. She discusses attending a convention with her former student Alfred Nicholson where she spoke about temperance and helped settle a dispute. She also praises Nicholson's speech. She expresses her desire to have a woman doctor and is hopeful after getting a letter from a woman who just graduated from "Boston Medical School."

Subjects: Temperance and religion; Women physicians; Nicholson, Alfred William (1861-); Schofield, E. H. (Eliza Hough), 1840-1913

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.); Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00183085. Martha Schofield letter to her sister(s), 1882.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Fragment; written to one or more of her sisters. Martha Schofield writes about having a Miss Wells stay with her. She adds that the "check came safely, and, to-morrow Mr. Powell signs a paper which makes us both safe whether he lives or dies." She also comments on the recent suicide of an acquaintance.

Subjects: Women teachers; Women in education; Suicide

A00183086. Eliza H. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1882-07-16.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Eliza Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. She shares recent news concerning family and friends. She reflects on her own life and calls herself a "failure and useless." She also mentions the death of Elizabeth Bunting.

Subjects: Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.); Schofield, Martha

A00183087. Letter to Martha Schofield, 1882-08-15.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Signed "C," and likely from her friend in Aiken, Clem. Brief letter announcing that the boy has arrived as well has the boy's grandmother. Possibly a birth announcement.

Subjects: Birth announcements

Relevant locations: Asheville (N.C.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00183088. William T. Rodenbach letter to Lydia A. Schofield, 1882-08-21.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. William Rodenbach was the principal of the Schofield School in Aiken, and Lydia Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. He discusses plans to have a tablet of italian marble made to mark the establishment of the new school buildings for the Schofield School. He requests a suggestion for the inscription on the tablet.

Subjects: Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.); Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.); Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00183089. Martha Schofield letter to her sisters; E. H. Van Lew letter to Martha Schofield and William T. Rodenbach, 1882-07-30.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Martha Schofield writes in detail about an attempt of a woman named E. H. Van Lew to con her out of $600 by sending a forged promissory note and saying the money would be used to help African Americans. Schofield explains how she and William Rodenbach determined it was a con. A copy of the letter from Van Lew is included.

Subjects: Forgery; Swindlers and swindling

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.); Union County (S.C.)

A00183090. Martha Schofield letter to her sisters, 1882-08-29.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Martha Schofield writes about her efforts to solicit donations for the new school buildings that are in progress for the Schofield School. She says that the marble tablet to mark the establishment of the new school buildings has arrived. She hopes that her uncle Halliday Jackson will come visit her during the winter.

Subjects: Education--Finance; Educational fund raising; Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.); Jackson, Halliday, 1817-1887

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00183091. Martha Schofield and William T. Rodenbach letter to Martha Schofield's sisters, 1882-09-18.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Martha Schofield writes about visiting "Phebe," possibly Phebe Taylor, the sister of Schofield's former co-teacher Mary Taylor Stone. She describes her and Phebe's past and planned activities. She also discusses the progress of the construction of the Schofield School and says that it will open in one month. William Rodenbach adds a brief note saying he needs suggestions for the new school's marble tablet as soon as possible.

Subjects: Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.); School buildings--Design and construction

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00183092. Lydia A. Schofield and Sarah J. Ash letter to Martha Schofield, 1882.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Fragment. Lydia Schofield and Sarah Ash were Martha Schofield's sisters. Lydia writes that she was pleased to hear about the grand occasion hosted by Martha on August 1st. Sarah writes about dressmaking.

Subjects: Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.); Dressmaking; Schofield, Martha

A00183093. Martha Schofield letter to her sisters, 1882-09-24.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Martha Schofield writes about her recent activities and shares news about some friends. She reminisces about her father and reflects on the wise advice he imparted to his children.

Subjects: Fathers and daughters; Schofield, Oliver W. (Oliver Wilson), 1806-1852

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.); Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00183094. Martha Schofield letter to her sisters, 1882-10-02.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Martha Schofield talks about the ongoing construction of the new school buildings for the Schofield School and how pleased she is with the construction workers. She also discusses her recent activities. A business card advertising Martha Schofield's boarding house was attached to the letter and has been scanned as the last page.

Subjects: Building; Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.); School buildings--Design and construction

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00183095. Ancil Cambell letter to Martha Schofield, 1882-10-12.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Cambell writes that "old man Cambell" has been selected to lead the Republican party in Barnwell County, South Carolina. He will be travelling through the United States and the writer hopes that he will reach his 95th year. Includes a list of Republicans.

Subjects: Republican Party (U.S. : 1854- )

Relevant locations: Williston (S.C.)

A00183096. Martha Schofield letter to her sisters, 1882-11-08.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Martha Schofield writes that there has been a second fire intentionally set in her town and a man's year-long savings of cotton have been burned up. She advises her sisters to keep rope so they can climb out a window if a fire starts in their homes. She boasts about her new fireplace and describes a new hairstyle she is wearing called the "Saratoga wave."

Subjects: Arson; Fireplaces--Design and construction; Hairstyles

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00183097. Lydia A. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1882-11-16.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Lydia Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. She tells Martha about the sudden death of Rebecca Magill, who was struck by a train in Swarthmore, Pennsylvania. She discusses the memorial service and highlights a particularly moving speech by Alfred Love. She also discusses her family's finances and says she may send Martha's recent letter concerning politics, temperance, and equal rights to the paper to be published.

Subjects: Railroad accidents; Finance, Personal; Funeral rites and ceremonies; Magill, Edward H. (Edward Hicks), 1825-1907; Love, Alfred H. (Alfred Harry), 1830-1913; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00183098. Martha Schofield letter to her sisters, 1882-12-10.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Martha Schofield describes her recent activities, including getting insurance on her new school buildings in case of fire. She wants to know exactly when her sister Sarah Ash will be coming to visit her. She is also very interested in her sisters Lydia and Eliza Schofield's artwork.

Subjects: Schools--Fires and fire prevention; Artists

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

Scope and Contents

(None from 1883.) From Fannie including her transcript of Fredrick Douglass lecture, William Rodenbach. To her sisters about Katrina Rodenbach's birth, school commencement.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00183116. Martha Schofield letter to her sisters, 1884-01-06.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Martha Schofield writes that the new policy of the Schofield School is that they will no longer accept pupils from outside of Aiken unless they board at the school. She describes a recent scare when a fire broke out from a stove in the school, but William Rodenbach, the principal of the school, put it out before it could cause major damage.

Subjects: Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.); Women in education; Fires

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00183117. Martha Schofield letter to her sister, 1884-01-08.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Martha Schofield describes assisting with the birth of the child of her close friend William Rodenbach, the principal of the Schofield School.

Subjects: Childbirth; Rodenbach, William T., 1845-1931

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00183118. Martha Schofield letter to her sisters, 1884-02-03.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Martha Schofield reflects on her life as her birthday has just passed. She transcribes a brief birthday letter from John Greenleaf Whittier in which he praises the work Schofield is doing.

Subjects: Birthdays; Whittier, John Greenleaf, 1807-1892

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00183119. Letter to Martha Schofield, 1884-02-16.
Scope and Contents

14 pages. Addressed to "my best Friend" and signed "Fannie." Possibly written by Schofield's foster daughter Fannie Parker. She recounts in great detail a lecture given by Frederick Douglass on John Brown and the raid on Harpers Ferry.

Subjects: Slavery; John Brown's Raid (Harpers Ferry, West Virginia : 1859); Douglass, Frederick, 1818-1895; Brown, John, 1800-1859; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00183120. Martha Schofield letter to her sisters, 1884-03-24.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. Martha Schofield writes that her servant "Aunt Amy" fell and broke her rib, so she is bedridden while she recovers. Her other servant Anna is ill, but Schofield is managing without them. She also writes about her school, her recent activities, and talks in detail about Katrina Rodenbach, the daughter of the Schofield School's principal, William Rodenbach.

Subjects: Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.); Women household employees; Women in education; Rodenbach, William T., 1845-1931

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.); Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00183121. Martha Schofield letter to her sisters, 1884-06-14.
Scope and Contents

10 pages. Martha Schofield details a recent illness of William Rodenbach, who was the principal of the Schofield School. She says she then taught some of the "upper classes" in her school how to care for the sick. She and those in her school are mourning the death of a student named Connors. Schofield then discusses at length the commencement ceremonies of her school and transcribes several of the speeches given by students and staff. She also discusses her activities immediately following the ceremony, which included having the "highest classes" to her home for tea. She is unsure of her plans for the summer.

Subjects: Sick; Grief; Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.); Commencement ceremonies; Rodenbach, William T., 1845-1931

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.); Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00183122. Martha Schofield letter to her sisters, 1884-06-23.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Martha Schofield writes that she is staying to look after the Schofield School for awhile and is allowing her principal William Rodenbach and his family to travel for the summer. Rodenbach's trip will include a visit with Schofield's sisters. She mourns the death of Marietta Ridgeway Kirk who was a distant cousin that Schofield was close to. She also reminisces about her deceased best friend Sadie Bartram and discusses the school's finances.

Subjects: Bereavement; Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.); Women teachers; Women in education; Rodenbach, William T., 1845-1931; Kirk, Marietta Ridgeway, 1848-1884; Bartram, Sadie (Sarah Mott Brouwer), 1844-1878

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.); Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00183123. William T. Rodenbach letter to Martha Schofield, 1884-06-25.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. William T. Rodenbach was the principal of the Schofield School in Aiken. He is traveling with his family over the summer, and they have just arrived in New York. He writes about their journey and says that they visited with several of Schofield's family members who were charmed by his young daughter Katrina. He hopes that Schofield will leave Aiken and visit the mountains.

Subjects: Travel; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: New York (N.Y.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00183200. Martha Schofield letter to her sister, 1884-07-11.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Discusses her plans for an endowment bequeathed to her by an African American woman for use towards the Schofield School. Describes attending the State Association of Colored Teachers and the speech she made. While at the conference, she looked for young black women to join her class of medical students, discussing the racist practices in current medicine and the need for medical professionals in the black community; recounts Matilda A. Evans attending to a patient who was refused care by a white doctor. Briefly discusses her enmity with her former co-teacher Mary A. Sharp. Also shares some news about family/friends.

Subjects: Endowments; Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.); Congresses and conventions; African American teachers; African Americans--Education; Women in education; Women--Education; Women in medicine; African American women physicians; African Americans--Social conditions; Discrimination in medical care; Racism; Sharp, Mary A. (Teacher); Evans, Matilda, 1872-1935

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

Scope and Contents

From W.L. Garrison's son, Francis. To her sisters describing the teachers and political corruption in S.C., to "Barnwell People" editor about the value of labor.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00183201. Martha Schofield letter to her sisters, 1885-05-25.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Shares news about recent events and family/friends. Briefly discusses funding for the Schofield School and mentions Edward Magill speaking at Quaker Meeting about the needs of African Americans.

Subjects: Endowments; Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.)

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.); Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00183202. Martha Schofield letter to her sister, 1885-06-07.
Scope and Contents

11 pages. Poor quality photocopy. Discusses Eliza Giles Hammond and Anna Massey, the first graduates of the Schofield Normal and Industrial School. Describes taking the Schofield School's graduating class on a field trip to Bettis Academy, as well as a factory where black people were working in poor conditions. Shares news concerning family/friends, including Mrs. Morgan's theft of Schofield's belongings. Confesses an interest in psychology and contemplates Morgan's mental health.

Subjects: Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.); African Americans--Education; Women--Education; Girls--Education; Factories--Employees; Household employees; Psychology

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00183203. Martha Schofield letter to the Barnwell People, 1885-07-02.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Letter addressed to the editor of the Barnwell People, a South Carolina newspaper, which was published on July 9, 1885. Corrects a misquote attributed to her in a previous issue and discusses the value of labor.

Subjects: African Americans--Education; Women in education; Women teachers; Labor

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00183204. Martha Schofield letter to her sister, 1885-07-12.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Discusses the teachers and operation of the Schofield School. The School has received attention from the State Superintendent and multiple newspapers. Wants her sisters to visit and observe the school's improvement. Reports on her African American foster daughter Fanny Parker's educational progress and talks about William T. Rodenbach's young daughter Katrina.

Subjects: Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.); African Americans--Education; Women in education; Women teachers

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00183205. Martha Schofield letter to her sisters, 1885-07-19.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Discusses women's rights and the inequality between men and women in Christian doctrine. Is passionate about her work in the Schofield School and describes the work of the teachers there. Reports that it is considered the best school in South Carolina by the State Superintendent. Writes about family/friends.

Subjects: Women's rights; Women--Suffrage; Religion; Women's rights--Religious aspects--Christianity; Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.); Education; Women in education

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.); Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00183206. Martha Schofield letter to her sisters, 1885-09-06.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Photocopy. Shares her views on marriage between American women and Englishmen, which she considers unpatriotic. Discusses recent events concerning family/friends.

Subjects: Marriage; Intercountry marriage

Relevant locations: Mills River (N.C.); Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00183207. Abbie W. Johnson letter to Martha Schofield, 1885-09-18.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Abbie W. Johnson was likely a missionary. Donates one dollar to Martha Schofield after hearing about her work in South Carolina.

Subjects: Gifts

Relevant locations: Brookfield (Mass.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00183208. Martha Schofield letter to her sister, 1885-10-18.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Talks about the recent sermon of a clergyman she admires. Discusses the tensions surrounding the upcoming election. Shares news about some acquaintances whose house recently burned down.

Subjects: Religion; Elections

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00183209. Martha Schofield letter to her sister, 1885-11-26.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Photocopy. Expresses her disappointment with the results of the recent election. Details her successful efforts to pacify potential violence and voter intimidation at the ballots by establishing a coffee table with other women and notes that it was "the first election ever held in Aiken that there was no arrest of a colored man." Discusses industrial work at the Schofield school and emphasizes the value of practical labor skills. Will be hiring a highly recommended teacher named Miss Marsh. Mentions her opinions on taking unnecessary medication.

Subjects: Elections; Voter intimidation; Racism; Women--Suffrage; Women--Political activity; Women teachers; Women in education; African American schools; African Americans--Education; Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.)

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00183210. Francis Jackson Garrison letter to Martha Schofield, 1885-12-26.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Francis Jackson Garrison was the son of abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison. Appreciates the photographs Schofield has sent him of her school in return for the portrait he sent of his father. Hopes he will be able to visit her school and discusses the legacy of slavery in regards to the new generation of African Americans. Comments on the Charleston News & Courier's complimentary review of his father's biography.

Subjects: Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.); African Americans--Education; Garrison, William Lloyd, 1805-1879; Portraits

Relevant locations: Boston (Mass.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00183211. Martha Schofield letter to her sisters, 1885-12-06.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Poor quality photocopy. Discusses the recent death of Linda Connor, who asked Schofield to take care of her young daughter. Criticizes the "rottenness" of Darby Meeting. Briefly discusses the Schofield School.

Subjects: Clothing and dress; Death; Quakers

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

Scope and Contents

From Horace Smith. To her sisters, E. Magill, PYM on need for more support and staff.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00183212. Eliza H. Schofield letter to her sisters, 1886.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Eliza Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. Recounts discussion of a plan to ask the Philadelphia Yearly Meeting to fund the Schofield Normal and Industrial School. Describes Edward Magill's advocacy for the plan. Says that constant fundraising was taking a toll on Martha's health. Suggests fundraising practices based on the discussions.

Subjects: Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.); Schofield, Martha; Philadelphia Yearly Meeting of Friends (Hicksite : 1827-1955); Education--Finance; Educational fund raising; Women in education

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00183213. Martha Schofield letter to her sister, 1886-02-01.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Likely a fragment. Written on Schofield's 47th birthday. Discusses her life and accomplishments in Aiken, South Carolina, as if told to her parents at her birth in a religious tone.

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Birthdays--Religious aspects

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00183214. Martha Schofield letter to Edward Magill, 1886-04-06.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Edward Magill was a prominent Quaker and president of Swarthmore College who supported Schofield's school for African Americans. Asks him for help soliciting financial support from the Philadelphia Yearly Meeting. Describes the school's financial situation.

Subjects: Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.); Philadelphia Yearly Meeting of Friends (Hicksite : 1827-1955); African American schools; Education--Finance; Women in education; Magill, Edward H. (Edward Hicks), 1825-1907

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00183215. Martha Schofield letter to her sisters, 1886-05-02.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Discusses dealing with her sorrow related to William T. Rodenbach, principal of the Schofield School, who was leaving for another job. Says she loves him like a mother. Resolves not show him her grief; asks her sisters to help her "hold down these selfish feelings" because she "must be strong."

Subjects: Schofield, Martha; Rodenbach, William T., 1845-1931; Sadness--Religious aspects; Faith; Emotions

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00183216. Martha Schofield letter to the Philadelphia Yearly Meeting, 1886-05-06.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. Describes the Schofield Normal and Industrial School's educational program, its religious principles, and its financial situation. Asks for support from Philadelphia Yearly Meeting.

Subjects: Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.); Philadelphia Yearly Meeting of Friends (Hicksite : 1827-1955); African American schools; Education--Finance; Women in education

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.); Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00183217. Horace J. Smith letter to Martha Schofield, 1886-05-12.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Encloses a copy of "The First Formal Protest against Slavery" for Schofield's school. Briefly remarks on a movement to build a memorial to early Quaker opponents of slavery.

Subjects: Antislavery movements

Relevant locations: Germantown (Philadelphia, Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00183218. Martha Schofield letter to her sisters, 1886.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. Discusses her health and positive effect going to church has on it. Describes caring for one of her students who had dysentery. Describes the tearful farewells she exchanged with William T. Rodenbach, principal of the Schofield School, who was leaving for another job. Briefly discusses news of friends and family.

Subjects: Health; Spiritual healing; Dysentery; Rodenbach, William T., 1845-1931; Farewells

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00183219. Martha Schofield letter to her sisters, 1886-10-10.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. Gives her first impressions of Mrs. Sprague, the new principal of the Schofield School, who has just arrived. Discusses her activities since her recent arrival in Aiken. Mentions that a cotton gin recently burned down. Describes the effects that the 1886 Charleston earthquake and its continued aftershocks have had on the population and on physical structures; passes on stories from her friends. Says nothing in her house was broken by the quake. Briefly remarks on getting references from potential boarders.

Subjects: Women in education; Charleston Earthquake (South Carolina : 1886); Earthquakes; Earthquakes--Social aspects; Earthquakes--Religious aspects--Christianity

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.); Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00183220. Martha Schofield letter to her sisters, 1886-12-12.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Describes new teacher Samuel J. Entrikin in glowing terms; expects him to be very helpful around the school. Mentions decorating Christmas trees.

Subjects: Entrikin, Samuel J.; Christmas

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00183221. Martha Schofield letter to her sisters, 1886-12-20.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Discusses Christmas and her habits of charitable giving. Says she is sending a barrel of supplies to her former student Alfred Nicholson, now working at the Bettis School. Remarks on how helpful her new teacher Samuel J. Entrikin is. Discusses her recent activities.

Subjects: Christmas; Gifts; Charity; Entrikin, Samuel J.

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.); Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00183222. Martha Schofield letter, 1886.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Fragment. Recounts saying a tearful goodbye. Briefly discusses fundraising and the many New York Quakers who have donated to her school.

Subjects: Farewells; Educational fund raising

A00183223. Martha Schofield letter to Mary Ash Jenkins, 1885-1892.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Martha Schofield was Mary Ash Jenkins's aunt. Mentions that her school's first graduate, Anna Massey, has just been married and is about to travel to Arkansas. Offers advice on coping with a recent shock to the family.

Subjects: Personal correspondence

A00183224. Martha Schofield letter to her sisters, 1886-05-29.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. Photocopy. Remarks on recent donations she has received. Discusses her acquaintance with Robert S. Haviland, an Orthodox Quaker who married a Hicksite; remarks on such marriages more generally. Briefly discusses a meeting she attended at an African American Baptist church as well as affairs at the school. Lists several large donations she has recently received.

Subjects: Educational fund raising; Quakers; Interfaith marriage; Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.); Women in education

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00183225. Martha Schofield letter to her sister, approximately 1880-1916.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Photocopy. Discusses a recent meeting of the Schofield School's board of trustees and what donors of the school expect from her; refuses to "toady." Mentions receiving an anonymous donation of clothing. "If Mrs. Osgood thinks that giving $5000 will put me under any obligations to do what my judgement and experience do not approve, she had better not give it."

Subjects: Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.); Educational fund raising; Gifts; Charity

Scope and Contents

Unaddressed notes. To sisters about tainted buttermilk incident, suffrage, Christian Science, school business. Samuel Ash and sister Eliza to Lydia in Aiken.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00183227. Martha Schofield letter draft, 1880-1916.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Praises the recipient and compares them to a person working in the Schofield School's printing room. Similar text appears in A00183239.

Subjects: Printing

A00183228. Martha Schofield letter draft, 1887.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Addresses the recipient as "dear child"; may have been written to William T. Rodenbach or one of Schofield's former students. Comforts the recipient and encourages them to trust in God.

Subjects: Faith--Religious aspects--Christianity

A00183229. Martha Schofield draft, 1887-03-04.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. Gives a religiously imbued description of a craftsman in a workshop.

Subjects: Christian life; Religion; Artisans

A00183230. Martha Schofield letter to her family, 1887-03-08.
Scope and Contents

12 pages. Gives a detailed account of a bad case of food poisoning that affected several of her boarders.

Subjects: Food poisoning

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00183231. Martha Schofield note, 1887-03-17.
Scope and Contents

1 page. Expresses a feeling of religious closeness to the recipient.

Subjects: Interpersonal relations--Religious aspects--Christianity

A00183232. Samuel S. Ash letter to Lydia A. Schofield, 1887-04-14.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Samuel Ash was Lydia Schofield's brother-in-law. He was visiting her sister Martha Schofield in Aiken along with his daughter Mary. Written on the stationary of Amos Hillborn and Co. Discusses Lydia's travel plans. Mentions attending a funeral.

Subjects: Personal correspondence; Travel

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00183233. Martha Schofield letter to Eliza H. Schofield, 1887-04-18.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Eliza Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. Briefly congratulates Eliza for taking part in the women's suffrage movement. Mentions that she has become a stockholder of a new bank in Aiken. Discusses persuading a Mr. Davis to give up alcohol. Discusses her niece Mary Schofield Ash, who was visiting Aiken.

Subjects: Temperance

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.); Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00183234. Sarah J. Ash letter to Martha and Lydia Schofield, 1887-04-25.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Sarah J. Ash was Martha and Lydia Schofield's sister; Martha ran a school for African Americans in Aiken, South Carolina, and Lydia was visiting her along with Sarah's daughter Mary. Describes reading a letter from Martha about her school at a Quaker Yearly Meeting. Says the Meeting agreed to give the Schofield School some financial support. Remarks on her recent activities.

Subjects: Education--Finance; Educational fund raising; Society of Friends; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00183235. Sarah J. Ash letter to Martha and Lydia Schofield, 1887-04-25.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Sarah J. Ash was Martha and Lydia Schofield's sister; Martha ran a school for African Americans in Aiken, South Carolina, and Lydia was visiting her. Encourages Lydia to stay in Aiken an extra week to regain more health and strength. Assures her that organizations she works with can spare her an extra week. Also discusses Lydia's dress.

Subjects: Schofield, Lydia A. (Lydia Ann), 1835-1909; Vacations--Health aspects; Dresses

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00183236. Sarah J. Ash letter to Martha and Lydia Schofield, 1887-04-29.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Sarah J. Ash was Martha and Lydia Schofield's sister; Martha ran a school for African Americans in Aiken, South Carolina, and Lydia was visiting her. Discusses Lydia's travel plans and the guests she has invited for Yearly Meeting. Remarks on her many commitments at Yearly Meeting.

Subjects: Philadelphia Yearly Meeting of Friends (Hicksite : 1827-1955)

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00183237. Martha Schofield letter to Eliza H. Schofield, 1887-05-04.
Scope and Contents

9 pages. Martha Schofield was Eliza Schofield's sister. Is excited that Eliza is interested in Christian Science and is going to try to improve her health by prayer. Refers to taking excessive medicine as "perverting" the stomach. Says the body is a gift from God. Discusses the relationship between the temperance and women's rights movements through an extended metaphor. Says that women need to take their place in the world "because in their keeping has been placed the happiness of all homes." Spends a page discussing Lucretia Mott.

Subjects: Christian Science; Spiritual healing; Medicine--Religious aspects; Human body--Religious aspects; Temperance; Women--Social conditions; Mott, Lucretia, 1793-1880

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.); Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00183238. Martha Schofield letter to her sisters, 1887-06.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Describes the year-end exercises at the Schofield School. Paraphrases speeches given by Alfred Nicholson, a former student who had returned as a teacher, and Jacob H. Posey, another former student and also the brother of former student Lawrence Obanyon Posey. Quotes a poem John Greenleaf Whittier. Discusses her summer plans.

Subjects: Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.); Nicholson, Alfred William (1861-); Academic rites and ceremonies

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00183239. Martha Schofield letter to her sisters, 1887-06-12.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Discusses work she has been doing around her house, including buying furniture and having carpets taken up. Thanks her sisters for giving her a camel-hair dress. Discusses people leaving money to her school in their wills. Remarks on Phebe (Taylor's?) engagement. Shares news of her recent activities.

Subjects: Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00183240. Martha Schofield letter to her sisters, 1887-06-25.
Scope and Contents

7 pages. Discusses her work writing and printing the annual reports for the Schofield School with superintendent Samuel J. Entrikin. Turns down an offer of printing work because the student printers are away for the summer. Discusses her recent activity. Mentions Christian Science and faith healing.

Subjects: Entrikin, Samuel J.; Printing

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.); Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00183241. Martha Schofield letter to her sisters, approximately 1886-1889.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Postscript to another letter. Discusses "the Boy" (likely Samuel Entrikin) at length, particularly his emotional life and and her relationship with him.

Subjects: Entrikin, Samuel J.; Repression (Psychology); Emotions; Emotions--Religious aspects

A00183242. Martha Schofield letter to Lydia Schofield, approximately 1886-1890.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Lydia Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. Describes teaching men and boys at a Sunday school; details the questions she asked, the points she made, and the reactions she elicited. Passes on recent news of friends and family, including her foster-daughter Fanny Parker. Says she enjoyed "Dr. Jekyll and Mister Hyde." Recounts talking with a man (likely Samuel Entrikin) about his willingness to kill in self defense, his consideration of suicide, and his troubled emotional state. Mentions him having what might be fits or seizures.

Subjects: Sunday schools; Women teachers; Sunday school teachers; Stevenson, Robert Louis, 1850-1894. Strange case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde; Books and reading; Entrikin, Samuel J.; Repression (Psychology); Emotions; Emotions--Religious aspects

Relevant locations: Haywood County (N.C.)

Scope and Contents

From M. Jackson, sister Eliza, Lizzie Satterthwaite, Lizzie Aston who wants Martha to take in her daughter. To sisters about new boarding house, trip to N.C. and V.A. Unaddressed notes on teacher raise and Christmas.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00183099. Draft letter, 1887-07.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Possibly a fragment and possibly written by Martha Schofield. Many portions are crossed out. The recipient is told that they will be given a raise and is thanked for everything they have done.

Subjects: Teachers--Salaries, etc.; Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.)

A00183100. William M. Jackson letter to Martha Schofield, 1887-07-07.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. William M. Jackson served on the board of the Schofield Normal and Industrial School from 1887 or 1888 until after 1892. He thanks Martha Schofield for sending him a copy of the nineteenth annual report of the Schofield School and asks her to send him 30 more copies so that he can distribute them to every member of his committee, "for the instruction of those who do not know the field of usefulness of the Schofield School." He hopes to be able to raise additional funds for the school and says that "the annual giving to this excellent work is more blessed in its effects on the givers than in the results even to thy proteges." He adds that he is interested in learning more about "saving the man from hanging."

Subjects: Educational fund raising; Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.); Schofield, Martha; Charity

Relevant locations: New York (N.Y.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00183101. Martha Schofield letter to her family, 1887-07-02.
Scope and Contents

10 pages. Photocopy. Martha Schofield writes extensively about the construction that is underway at her school. She also praises Samuel Entrikin and the work he has been doing for the Schofield School as superintendent. The envelope is addressed to Schofield's sister, Lydia Schofield.

Subjects: Building; School buildings--Design and construction; Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.); Entrikin, Samuel J.

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.); Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00183102. Martha Schofield letter to her sisters, 1887-07-10.
Scope and Contents

10 pages. Martha Schofield writes extensively about the construction that is underway at her school. She feels like she is becoming more and more like their mother. Reflects on the work she is doing and how difficult it is to be away from her loved ones, but believes that it is God's plan.

Subjects: Building; School buildings--Design and construction; Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.); Faith

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00183103. Martha Schofield letter to Lydia A. Schofield, 1887-07-19.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Photocopy. Lydia Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. Martha is sending her some pillowcases. She writes about her recent activities and shares news about her friends in Aiken.

Subjects: Personal correspondence; Sewing

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.); Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00183104. Martha Schofield letter to her sisters, 1887-07-21.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Martha Schofield is traveling and writes about her fellow travelers, her accommodations, and the beautiful vistas she has encountered. One of her traveling companions is very ill.

Subjects: Travel; Travelers; Sick

Relevant locations: Haywood County (N.C.)

A00183105. Martha Schofield letter to Lydia A. Schofield, 1887-07-25.
Scope and Contents

12 pages. Photocopy. Lydia Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. Martha is on vacation in North Carolina and writes about her activities, the people she has encountered, and the beautiful vistas around her. She describes shooting a revolver for the first time in her life with Samuel Entrikin, who was Superintendent the Schofield School; she notes that she did not hit the target. She also talks at length about Entrikin and his inability to show affection and reflects on how different he is from William Rodenbach.

Subjects: Faith; Shooting; Entrikin, Samuel J.; Rodenbach, William T., 1845-1931

Relevant locations: Haywood County (N.C.)

A00183106. Martha Schofield letter to her sisters, 1887-08-01.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Martha Schofield is on vacation in North Carolina and has recently experienced severe flooding. Despite the flooding, she and her companions have still been enjoying themselves. She writes that at one of the meals, a man said that he would never eat a meal with a person who had a drop of "negro" blood, and Schofield says that she pities him and told him his prejudice was "ahead of his Christianity."

Subjects: Racism

Relevant locations: Haywood County (N.C.)

A00183107. Martha Schofield letter to Lydia A. Schofield, 1887-08-05.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Lydia Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. Martha is on vacation in North Carolina, but she has run out of sewing to work on and is very bored. She reminisces about when they were younger she had sensed that Lydia would be the one to take the most active part in Quakerism. She comments that "there are some lives that have to fall into the purposes of the Lord."

Subjects: Quakers; Society of Friends; Faith

Relevant locations: Haywood County (N.C.); Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00183108. Eliza H. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1887-09-01.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Eliza Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. Eliza is on vacation in the South. She describes her accommodations and recounts her travels so far. She mentions going shooting with a rifle and hitting the center mark.

Subjects: Travel; Shooting

Relevant locations: Natural Bridge (Va.)

A00183109. Martha Schofield letter to Sarah J. Ash, 1887-09-05.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Sarah Ash was Martha Schofield's sister. Martha writes that Mrs. Sprague, principal of the Schofield School, has just written her that she will not be returning to Aiken after the summer. She says that she is confident they will be able to find a replacement since teachers are "plenty." She adds that women teachers are cheaper than male teachers and discusses the salary she paid Mrs. Sprague. She is considering putting an ad in the Woman's Journal.

Subjects: Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.); Women teachers; Male teachers; Teachers--Salaries, etc.; African Americans--Education; Women in education

Relevant locations: Haywood County (N.C.)

A00183110. Martha Schofield letter to her sister; Eliza H. Schofield letter to her sister, 1887-09-11.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. Photocopy. Possibly a fragment. Likely written to Martha and Eliza Schofield's sister, Lydia Schofield. Martha Schofield is on vacation in North Carolina and writes about the schools she visited while there. Her sister Eliza Schofield and the superintendent of the Schofield School, Samuel J. Entrikin, are with her. She describes in detail a fire that severely damaged the place where they had been staying. Eliza adds a very brief note where she discusses some of their activities and comments that she like Entrikin.

Subjects: Schools; Church schools; Women in education; Fires; Entrikin, Samuel J.

Relevant locations: Haywood County (N.C.)

A00183111. Elizabeth Oston letter to Martha Schofield, 1887-10-01.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. "Lizzie" Oston asks Martha Schofield to take over the care of and oversee the education of her daughter Viola. She says that she cannot give her daughter the things that she wants her to have. She mentions that Schofield had already "raised" another girl named Fanny Parker.

Subjects: Custody of children; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Summerville (S.C.)

A00183112. Martha Schofield letter to her sister, 1887-10-18.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Possibly a draft; contains several edits and is unsigned. Martha Schofield writes about the opening ceremony of the Schofield School which occurred the day before. The school has a new principal, and her father was first cousins with Abraham Lincoln.

Subjects: Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.); Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00183113. Eliza H. Schofield letter to Martha Schofield, 1887-10-23.
Scope and Contents

13 pages. Eliza Schofield was Martha Schofield's sister. She discusses attending a meeting where Edward Magill spoke highly of Martha. She hopes the Schofield School's new principal Elizabeth Criley will be successful. She then details her travels back home after visiting the South, including riding on a train with a screaming baby, which she eventually grabbed from its protesting mother and got to stop crying. She also expresses support for spanking children.

Subjects: Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.); Mother and child; Corporal punishment; Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Aiken (S.C.)

A00183114. Elizabeth Satterthwaite letter to Martha Schofield, 1887-12-10.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. "Lizzie" Satterthwaite was Martha Schofield's cousin. She has been suffering with some health issues and will likely be travelling to a more suitable climate but has not yet decided whether to go to Aiken or "El Moro." She provides brief updates about her family members. There is an additional note signed M.S., possibly from Lizzie's sister Mary Satterthwaite.

Subjects: Medical climatology; Health

Relevant locations: Crosswicks (N.J.)

A00183115. Martha Schofield Christmas card draft, 1887-12-25.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Draft of a Christmas card from Martha Schofield to one or more others wishing the recipient(s) peace, joy, and happiness. A note on the back says to "burn all specimen of letter notes written to my boy."

Subjects: Christmas cards

Scope and Contents

From Anderson Green (parent of her student), sister Lydia. To Friend, to S, to sisters and niece Mary.

Physical Description

1 folder

A00183124. Martha Schofield draft letter, 1888-02-16.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Draft of a letter by Martha Schofield to "My friend." She seems to be apologizing to the recipient for acting in an inappropriate way for her position.

Subjects: Personal correspondence

A00183125. Anderson Greene letter to Martha Schofield, 1888-02.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Anderson Greene writes that he was unhappy to learn of the bad conduct of his boy and urges her and the other teachers at the school not to "spare the rod" against him or other children who are bad. He cites the bible as justification for whipping children who misbehave.

Subjects: Corporal punishment; Bible; Christianity; Schofield Normal and Industrial School (Aiken, S.C.); Schofield, Martha

Relevant locations: Aiken (S.C.)

A00183126. Martha Schofield letter to Eliza H. Schofield, 1888-06-24.