Clair Wilcox collection of International Trade Organization documents
Held at: University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts [Contact Us]3420 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6206
This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.
Overview and metadata sections
Clair Wilcox, born 1898 in Cuba, New York, earned his BS and PhD from the University of Pennsylvania. Following his graduation, he taught economics at Lafayette, Ohio Wesleyan, and the University of Pennsylvania. In 1927, he began teaching economics at Swarthmore College, remaining there until his retirement in 1968. Wilcox served as chair of Swarthmore's Economics Department from 1943 to 1967 and was the author of six books relating to economics. In addition to his career as a professor, Wilcox served several other organizations. From 1926 to 1927, Wilcox was secretary of the Pennsylvania State Parole Commission. From 1942 to 1943, he served as director of Industrial Material Division of the Office of Price Administration, and from 1945 to 1948, he "led the Office of International Trade Policy at the Department of State,' (Housman, page 27). He chaired the International Trade Conference, which resulted in the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), which was signed in 1947 and served as the predecessor of today's World Trade Organization. Significant in Wilcox's career was his leadership and role as United States negotiator in Havana for the International Trade Organization (ITO), the charter for which was never signed. However, the ITO was significant for bringing "the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade into being ... [and serving as] an important staging post in the shift between two contrasting types of trade liberalism: moral internationalism and institutional internationalism," (Toye, page 1). According to Daniel Drache, the ITO was novel because, "at its core, the countries of the world rejected the idea that it was possible to maintain a firewall between trade, development, employment standards and domestic policy," (Drache, page 2). Conferences on the ITO were held in London and Havana.
Wilcox died in 1970.
Drache, Daniel. "The Short but Significant Life of the International Trade Organization: Lessons for Our Time." Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation (CSGR) Working Paper, No. 6/00, University of Warwick. 2000.
Housman, Joshua. "One Hundred Years of Economics at Swarthmore." http://www.swarthmore.edu/sites/default/files/assets/documents/economics/econ_history.pdf
Toye, Richard. "The International Trade Organization." The Oxford Handbook on the World Trade Organization, 2012.
The collection documents a small part of Clair Wilcox's work with the Department of State, which he joined in 1945. Materials include reports of the United States Department of State on trade and commercial policy, press releases, memoranda to President Truman, and reports on the International Trade Organization and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Employment. Several documents are marked "secret" or "confidential." The materials are arranged in chronological order.
Gift of Clair Wilcox, 1969.
- United Nations Conference on Trade and Employment (1947-1948 : Havana, Cuba)
- United States. Department of State
- International Trade Organization
- University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
- Finding Aid Date
- 2014 November 21
- Access Restrictions
This collection is open for research use.
- Use Restrictions
Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.