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Nathaniel Julius Reich Collection


Held at: University of Pennsylvania: Archives at the Library of the Katz Center for Advanced Judaic Studies [Contact Us]420 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19106-3703

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania: Archives at the Library of the Katz Center for Advanced Judaic Studies. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Overview and metadata sections

Early Life and Education

Dr. Nathaniel Julius Reich was born in Sarvar, Austria-Hungary, on April 29, 1876. He was the son of Rabbi Wilhelm Reich and his first wife. His father was oberrabbiner (chief rabbi) of Baden bei Wien (Baden-near-Vienna, also known as Baden), Austria for fifty years, until his death in 1929. For more information about Dr. Reich's family, see "Family History," below. For more biographical information about his father, see the finding aid to the Wilhelm Reich Collection.

A member of a family of distinguished rabbis, it was expected that Nathaniel Reich would also join the Rabbinate. His father gave him "a complete Rabbinical training in Bible, Talmud, and other Rabbinical literature," and taught him "from childhood, Hebrew, Aramaic, Arabic and Syriac." He also studied piano, violin and cello, as well as drawing, sketching and painting. His formal education included attending the Volksshule and Gymnasium of Baden. He also studied architecture and higher mathematics at the Technische Hochshule (Institute of Technology) in Vienna for one year. (1)

Higher Education

He received his Ph.D. degree in 1904 from the Lehranstalt fur Orientalische Sprachen in Vienna, where his major subjects of study were "Semitics, Paleography, Papyrology, Oriental History and Egyptology, with a minor in Philosophy." (1) His dissertation was entitled: "Prolegomena zu einer vergleichenden und praehistorischen Grammatik mit besonderer Berucksichtigung des Aegyptischen und seiner Dialekte" (Prolegomena to a comparative and prehistoric Grammar with special attention to the Egyptian language and its Dialects.) He also pursued post-graduate training at the Universities of Vienna, Berlin, Munich, Strasbourg and Oxford, where his studies included librarianship, museology, chemistry and preservation techniques. (1)

Choice of Career

In his curriculum vitae, he explains his decision to pursue an academic career: "I had resolved to make my life work a collection of data wherever found in Oriental records (manuscripts, potsherds, inscriptions, etc.) concerning the Jews.... to write a complete history of the Jews in the Ancient Orient, North Africa, Greece and Rome. The work when completed should form a 'living commentary' on the Bible and Talmud." (1)

Although this ambitious plan was never fully carried out, his linguistic and antiquarian expertise enabled him to study the entire field which he set out to chronicle. The focus of his career became Egyptology, but he was perhaps best known as a linguist. He is reputed to have mastered 50 languages (2), among them, in addition to ancient Greek, Latin, and those already noted, "Persian, Turkish.... Sumerian, Assyrian, Hittite cuneiform, Phoenician, Meroitic and.... South Arabian dialects," (1) including the Mahri, Sokotri, Skhauri, and Sabaic dialects. He also learned the Hamitic languages of North Africa, including Libyan, Berber, Shilhish, and Taureg, as well as Somali, Nubian, and Ethiopian. (2)

Dr. Reich spoke several modern languages as well, including German (his native tongue), English, French, Italian and Spanish; it is likely that he also knew some Hungarian. Among others, he studied the Indian language, Tamil, and some Native American languages of the North and Central Americas. When asked about his unusual linguistic facility, he is reported to have said, "It just comes to you, almost without effort." (2)

He specialized in Egyptian language forms (hieroglyphs), particularly the Hieratic, abnormal Hieratic, Coptic and Demotic; he was one of only a handful of persons in the world able to decipher and translate Demotic inscriptions. To explain the level of erudition this requires, one news article suggested that an Egyptologist's "knowledge of hieroglyphics is comparable to.... one's A B C's, while knowing Demotic or abnormal Hieratic is like being able to read and understand.... an income tax regulation." (2)

His interest in Demotic was closely linked with his early goal to compile a complete history of ancient Jewry. He states in his vitae that "the Demotic material is very important.... because it is of the period when the Jews had the greatest political power and developed the Jewish Alexandrian culture." (2) At the height of his career Dr. Reich was recognized as the leading Demotist in the world. In another news article about his work with Demotic papyri, he is quoted as saying: "Think now, how well rewarded I am by my persistence.... at the end of every hard task lies romance.... and the satisfaction of knowing that you have mastered an age old mystery." (3)

An obituary of Dr. Reich printed in The New York Times states that he "also was a rabbi," but this has not been substantiated. The statement may have been based on Dr. Reich's early rabbinical training. (4)

Early Career

His early work included cataloging and editing publications of the collections of ancient inscriptions held by various museums and libraries. These institutions include the Innsbruck Landesmueum, the Munich Library, the British Museum, the National Library of Vienna, and the Museo di Antichita of Turin. In addition, he held teaching (docent) positions at the University of Prague and the University of Vienna.

It was probably at these institutions that he lectured on a wide array of subjects, from the grammar of individual languages to comparative Semitic grammar, and from the cultural history of the Near East to the smallest details of daily life in ancient Egypt. (1) In later years, he expressed some frustration that his position as Professor of Egyptology at Dropsie College did not allow him the scope to teach a much wider range of subjects, as he felt qualified to do.

World War I

The "Great War" came at a critical point in Dr. Reich's career. He had held a number of academic appointments, had published widely, worked by invitation with several prestigious collections, and made himself known to the leaders in his field. He published in the German language as early as 1918 or 1919, and began publishing in English in 1923. He was ready to find a permanent position on the faculty of a major University. But to his dismay, he never reached this goal. In the economic debacle following World War I, the secure academic milieu in which he was at home also collapsed. As one news article dramatically phrased it, "With the falling of the kroner his modest fortune, quite sufficient for a scholar's needs, was swept away. Austria was dismembered and the hand of science stayed." (2) It seemed that only those who were most preeminent in the field of oriental studies could now be assured of a position.


In the years following World War I, Dr. Reich searched for such a position, with increasing desperation, in both Europe and the United States. Several items of correspondence reveal his sense of incredulity that there should be no prominent place for him in academia.

He first came to the United States in January 1922 and soon was appointed Assistant Curator of the Egyptian Section at the University Museum of the University of Pennsylvania. He was also appointed by the New York Historical Society to publish their collection of Demotic papyri (1), and served for a brief time as librarian (prior to Penn) of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago. (4) He applied for United States citizenship in 1927, and held a U.S. passport by the summer of 1929.

Dropsie College

In 1924, at the urging of James Breasted, the philanthropist Julius Rosenwald provided the funds necessary to create a position in Egyptology specifically for Dr. Reich at the Dropsie College for Hebrew and Cognate Learning in Philadelphia. (5) Dr. Reich held this position (with various alterations in title) from 1925 until his death in 1943, after which the position was never filled again. For the rest of his life, Dr. Reich remained deeply grateful to the Rosenwald family and to Dr. Cyrus Adler, President of the College, for their sponsorship.

In his review of Abraham Neuman's book, Cyrus Adler, A Biographical Sketch, Dr. Reich took the opportunity to speak about his own relationship with Dr. Adler, and the state of his own chosen profession:

Here in the United States.... where the well-endowed universities.... are not few in number, there are very few chairs of Egyptology (and cognate subjects). Some of these have been occupied by men who lost no love for Jews or Judaism.... Yet Egyptology still remains a prime requisite in the basic study of the Semitic languages.... and in the study of the Bible, scriptural history and the history of Palestine.... Moreover, many of the Jewish customs are without satisfactory explanation without Egyptology; I mean customs especially and not religion...

.... no Jew ventured to redeem this.... neglected field of learning either in this country or abroad. Thus it happened that great Jewish Egyptologists were compelled to tend other vineyards.... until the eminent philanthropists, the late Julius Rosenwald and his son Lessing J. Rosenwald, established under the guidance of Dr. Cyrus Adler the chair of Egyptology .... at Dropsie College. (6)

From time to time Dr. Reich supplemented his income through special projects for various institutions holding collections of Egyptian inscriptions, both in the U. S. and abroad, very much as he had done in the years before World War I. His notes suggest that one such project was the examination and inventory of the Pierpont Morgan Library collection. In 1926 he lectured on Egyptology and historical law at Johns Hopkins University.

Literary Works

Throughout his career, Dr. Reich was a prolific author of books and scholarly articles. Many of his works are held by the Library at the Herbert D. Katz Center for Advanced Judaic Studies at the University of Pennsylvania. In 1933 he established the short-lived periodical, Mizraim, which he edited and to which he was a frequent contributor. The publication ran to nine volumes, the last of which was issued in 1938. Feature articles included translations of various papyri and ostraca, often by leading scholars throughout the world.


Dr. Reich belonged to a number of professional organizations, including the American Oriental Society, Archaeological Institute of America, Egypt Exploration Society of Great Britain, Linguistic Society of America, Society of Biblical Literature, and the Society of Oriental Research. His social memberships included the Arts Society, the Classical Club and Oriental Club of Philadelphia, and the Jewish Historical Society of America. He was also affiliated with Congregation Mikveh Israel and the Joshua Lodge in Philadelphia, as well as local chapters of B'nai Brith.

Personal Life

That Nathaniel Reich was a man of strong personality and deep emotions is amply demonstrated by this collection. Much of his social correspondence shows that his charm made him a welcome guest in homes across the country. Likewise, much of his professional correspondence is most complimentary. While some of this may simply have been a return in kind, as his own style could be highly effusive, the collection reveals many lasting friendships.

On the other hand, a great proportion of his correspondence shows that Dr. Reich could also be demanding and quick-tempered. He frequently broke with his friends, family and peers. Just as often, however, such a breach was repaired and the friendship went on as warmly as before. In some instances (notably those with his brother Albert, and his former students Henry Gehman and Baruch Weitzel) the relationship endured a series of fallings-out and reconciliations over a period of years. He never married, although his correspondence does suggest a romance.

His health was not robust. He had frequent colds and other illnesses which kept him from work, and suffered particularly (and predictably) from eye strain. He also had a number of breakdowns, from emotional stress and overwork. Several of his letters refer to orders from his doctors to rest. The Holocaust of World War II, which he clearly foresaw, placed a tremendous burden on him.

Nathaniel Reich died at the age of 67 on October 5, 1943. The cause of his final illness is not documented, but one letter in the Abraham Neuman Presidential Papers refers to his having had high blood pressure. He is buried in the Beth El Emet cemetery in Philadelphia, where, in 1945, his tombstone was erected by Dropsie College.

Family History

Dr. Reich's father was Wilhelm Reich, a member of a distinguished rabbinical family. Rabbi Reich's uncle Koppel, his father's eldest brother, was the most well-known member of the family. Biographical sketches of Rabbi Koppel Reich state that he was born in Verbo, Hungary in 1838, and that his father was Abraham Ezekiel Reich, rabbi of Bannewitz and possibly also of Verbo. (7, 8) During the 1870s, Rabbi Wilhelm Reich served the community of Sarvar, Hungary, where his first three children, Emma, Nathaniel and Albert were born. Then, from 1880 until his death in 1929, he served as oberrabbi (chief rabbi) of Baden bei Wien (Baden-near-Vienna), Austria. For more information about both Wilhelm and Koppel Reich, see the finding aid to the Wilhelm Reich Collection.

Little is known about Nathaniel Reich's mother. His stepmother's maiden name was Sidonie Sommer; she died circa 1898. Nathaniel Reich was the second of his father's seven children. He had a full (elder) sister named Emma, and a full brother named Albert. He also had three step-siblings through his father's second marriage: Ernst (also called Ernest), Sidonie and Sigmund.

His full brother, Albert married Louise ("Lolly") Braun, and lived in Vienna, Austria before World War II. A letter from Albert in the Abraham Neuman Presidential Papers (also in the Library of the Herbert D. Katz Center) is dated 1945, at which time he was living in France. Dr. Reich's full sister Emma's married name was Rosenzweig. She had a son, Albert, and a daughter. Before World War II, they lived in Budapest, Hungary.

In a letter to Cyrus Adler in 1929, Dr. Reich also spoke of his "brother's family in Haifa". (10) In 1944, Dr. Sigmund Reich wrote to Dropsie College from his home in Palestine to request information about his brother's death. His step-sister Sidonie married Bertold Sternfeld of Lubeck, Germany, and had a son named Heinrich. His stepbrother Ernest was living in Strasbourg, France before World War II. (11)

Dr. Reich sponsored the immigration to the United States of his cousins Otto Berdach and Rabbi Isidore Reich in 1939. There is also some correspondence in the collection from various cousins in the Sommer and Wolf families who were living in Philadelphia and New York.

The collection ranges in date from 1888 to 1942, with the bulk of the correspondence dating from the years 1920 to 1942. Much of the collection is undated. By far the most accessible and widely useful material will be found in the Correspondence Series, which comprises just under half of the collection. There are some items of ephemera in this Series, including invoices from a variety of European booksellers. While the Series is arranged in chronological order, its subject content is briefly described below.

Dr. Reich's career made him the friend or acquaintance of many of the leading personalities in the fields of oriental studies and Egyptology, and his correspondence with these individuals may be of interest to researchers. It should be noted, however, that much of this correspondence was brief and formal in content. He began keeping carbon copies of his own letters prior to 1927, and apparently used various typists.

He frequently exchanged letters with his father in Baden, Austria, his brother Albert and sister-in-law Lolly in Vienna, and his sister Emma and her children in Budapest, Hungary. These letters more than any others may prove to be of particular interest to those studying Jewish life in Europe during the years between the two World Wars, and during the early years of World War II. Most of this correspondence is in German. There may also be some letters (as yet unidentified) with other members of his family.

Also of note for those studying the rise of anti-Semitism in pre-war Germany are a number of letters received by Dr. Reich during the mid-to-late 1930s. These letters were written by Jewish individuals who hoped for his assistance in their attempts to immigrate to the United States.

The collection reveals relatively little of Dr. Reich's work as professor of Egyptology at Dropsie College. However, there are numerous items of correspondence with his students and former students. Some photocopies of letters written by Dr. Reich to Cyrus Adler, President of the College, have been inserted into this collection, to fill important gaps. Additional items have been copied from the files of Abraham Neuman, Dr. Adler successor as President of the College. The researcher is referred to both the Adler and Neuman Presidential Papers, in the Library of the Herbert D. Katz Center for Advanced Judaic Studies at the University of Pennsylvania, for a more complete picture of Dr. Reich's career at the College.

In addition to the correspondence, the collection contains many literary productions by Dr. Reich and some of his colleagues. Among the more significant items in the collection are a manuscript copy of a Demotic dictionary compiled by Dr. Reich's teacher, Dr. Leo Reinisch, and what appears to be the draft of another such dictionary compiled by Dr. Reich himself. Copies of Dr. Reich's published works were removed from this collection and added to the Archives Ephemera Collection.

There is also a Series of miscellaneous notes and transcriptions of ancient inscriptions made by Dr. Reich at various points in his career. Related to this material is the Series of notebooks, many of which appear to have been created during his years of study. There are also a number of documents in German which appear to be either academic papers or articles written for publication.

The Series of materials relating to his journal, Mizraim, includes a complete set of the journal's nine volumes, as well as supplementary manuscript and typescript files. Many of the documents in the Literary Productions Series and, to a lesser extent, the Notes and Transcriptions Series may have been written for publication in this journal.

Supplementing all of these Series is another, consisting of photographic facsimiles of various papyri, ostraca and other inscriptions with which Dr. Reich worked, or which were published in Mizraim. The collection also contains a small grouping of photographs of Dr. Reich, his family, and friends.

Finally, there is a small Series of news-clippings about Dr. Reich and about the discovery of Tutankhamen's tomb, most of which were found among the correspondence. More detailed information about the scope and content of the collection is given in the Series Descriptions.

1. Curriculum vitae of Nathaniel Reich (circa 1923). Nathaniel Reich Collection, CJS ARC MS 20, Box 7, FF 26, Herbert D. Katz Center for Advanced Judaic Studies at the University of Pennsylvania. 2. "Able to Understand Everybody's Talk," The Philadelphia Record, 1924 May 18, page 10. 3. "Age Old Records Deciphered Here," The Philadelphia Evening Bulletin, 1924 March 27. 4. Obituary printed in The New York Times, 1943 October 6. 5. Minutes of the Board of Governors, Dropsie College Archives, Herbert D. Katz Center for Advanced Judaic Studies at the University of Pennsylvania. 6. Reich, Nathaniel. Review of Abraham Neuman's book Cyrus Adler, A Biographical Sketch. Journal of Jewish Bibliography, 1943 January-April, pp. 51-52. 7. Encyclopedia Judaica. Jerusalem, Keter Publishing House Ltd. 1971, Vol. 14, page 46. 8. Universal Jewish Encyclopedia. New York, The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia, Inc., 1939, Vol. 9, page 114. 9. Letter from N. J. Reich to Cyrus Adler, 1933 November 15. Cyrus Adler Papers, CJS ARC MS 26, Katz Center for Advanced Judaic Studies at the University of Pennsylvania. 10. Letter from N. J. Reich to Cyrus Adler, 1929 October 28. Cyrus Adler Papers, CJS ARC MS 26, Katz Center for Advanced Judaic Studies at the University of Pennsylvania. 11. Letter from N. J. Reich to Cyrus Adler, 1933 June 15. Cyrus Adler Papers, CJS ARC MS 26, Katz Center for Advanced Judaic Studies at the University of Pennsylvania. 12. Reich, Nathaniel J. "Editorial Foreward." Mizraim, Volume I, 1933, page 2.

This collection has been processed twice, and may require a third "round" before it can be considered completely accessible. The collection was first organized in 1988-1989 by Jonathan Weiser, Library Assistant. He first segregated the material into two distinct collections: the papers of Dr. Nathaniel Reich and those of his father, Rabbi Wilhelm Reich.

He then combined all of Dr. Reich's correspondence and ephemera, and arranged these in chronological order. It is not known whether this reflects the order in which the material was received after Dr. Reich's death in 1943.

The collection was processed again in 1992-93 by Judith Robins, Archivist, who elected to retain Mr. Weiser's chronological arrangement of the correspondence, but reorganized the other materials. She would like to acknowledge her debt to her predecessor for his extensive and useful work.

It is more than possible that many related items, such as pages of a single letter, were inadvertently separated during some stage of the physical processing. An additional hindrance, during the second phase at least, has been the processor's lamentable ignorance of German, Hebrew, and any number of other languages, including ancient Greek and Egyptian hieroglyphics. Of them all, the processor's lack of German has imposed the greatest limitations on the accessibility of this collection's contents.

A third phase of processing, conducted by persons fluent in German and the other relevant languages, may well yield far more valuable results than have been achieved to date. Until such time as this may be done, the researcher will be obliged to search carefully for integral materials in these languages. This is particularly true of the Notes and Transcriptions, Mizraim, and Facsimiles Series, which contain many reproductions of ancient documents and inscriptions.

A first step towards this end was accomplished in 1995 when Dr. Robert A. Kraft of the University of Pennsylvania made extensive use of the collection. His research yielded much additional information, particularly in regard to Dr. Reich's Literary Productions, Notes and Transcriptions, as well as the Facsimile series. Much of this information has been incorporated into the revised finding aid.

The processor wishes to thank Arthur Kiron, Manuscripts Curator and Assistant Archivist of the Katz Center for Advanced Judaic Studies, for translating various materials in German and Yiddish. Thanks are also due to the Archives of the University Museum of the University of Pennsylvania, and to Temple University's Urban Archives, for supplying numerous biographical source materials.

Published works by Dr. Reich and his contemporaries have been removed from his papers and placed as appropriate in the Library's other collections. Many pamphlets and offprints of his own works can be found in the Katz Center's Ephemera Collection.

Two sets of unidentified glass-plate negatives have been removed from the Facsimile Series and placed in the Katz Center's Photographic Collection.

University of Pennsylvania: Archives at the Library of the Katz Center for Advanced Judaic Studies
Finding Aid Author
Judith Robins
Finding Aid Date

Collection Inventory

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Box 1 Folder A

Boxes 1-8

This Series primarily consists of correspondence received by Dr. Reich from his family, friends, colleagues and associates. It also contains some drafts and carbon copies of letters written by Dr. Reich. Additional materials in this series include occasional ephemeral items such as invoices, receipts, programs of events, and academic certificates.

All correspondence is arranged in rough chronological order, by month and year only, rather than by exact date. This method of organization merits some discussion. On the one hand, it presents difficulties to the researcher seeking the whole of Dr. Reich's correspondence with given individuals, or materials relating to specific topics. On the other, it provides a chronological overview of the changing events of one man's lifetime. Spanning the period leading up to and including the two World Wars, the circumstances of Dr. Reich's life -- his upbringing as a member of an Austro-Hungarian rabbinical family, his cosmopolitan education as well as his career, vigorously pursued throughout Europe and in America -- make a chronological arrangement particularly useful for the study of that era.

The collection contains many examples of both drafts and carbon copies of the letters written, or dictated, by Dr. Reich. Internal evidence suggests that many of his own letters were typed for him by his associate, Mr. James Johnson. It is apparent, however, that he did not create or keep such copies systematically.

There is relatively little ephemeral material in this Series, although what there is of it does have some interest. These items include European academic certificates, the newsletter of an ocean liner, programs of professional conferences, immigration documents, and a few financial records. Of the latter, the most numerous are invoices and receipts for books which Dr. Reich ordered from European book dealers.

Undated materials in this series are arranged in ten categories: Cyrus Adler; Citizenship papers; Colleagues (frequent correspondents); Professional (other materials relating to his professional memberships and activities); Miscellaneous; Reich family (letters and biographical statements); drafts of letters by Nathaniel Reich; Rosenwald family correspondence; Solis-Cohen family correspondence; Social (primarily materials relating to his social activities and memberships); and Unidentified materials in German and other languages.

While the bulk of the correspondence is in English, much of the family correspondence is in German. Other languages to be found infrequently in this Series are French, Greek, Hebrew, Italian, and perhaps Yiddish. Aspects of the material in this Series which are of special interest are described more fully below, as Family, Personal, Professional, Dropsie College, and World War II Correspondence. However, the researcher must bear in mind that the collection is not arranged in these categories, but rather in chronological order.

Family Correspondence

Virtually all of the family letters written to Dr. Reich are in manuscript, while all the copies of his own letters to his family are typed. There are comparatively few copies of the latter. Among the closest members of his family, Nathaniel was called by his childhood nickname, "Nasi" or "Nazi" and "Natzl." All of the letters from his father are so addressed, as are many from his sister-in-law, Lolly. All other members of the family addressed him in their letters as "lieber (Dear) Nathaniel."

There are several letters from his father, Wilhelm. Problems of language and legibility have caused these to be placed in the file of "undated" family correspondence. Some letters from Dr. Reich to his father can be found in the Wilhelm Reich Collection, also found at the Herbert D. Katz Center for Advanced Judaic Studies.

Much more numerous are letters both to and from Dr. Reich and his brother Albert and sister-in-law Lolly in Vienna. All of those written by Albert are in German, but many of those written by Lolly are in English. He also corresponded frequently with his sister Emma Rosenzweig and her children, who lived in Budapest. Some of the letters from his niece and nephew were written in English, perhaps as an educational exercise.

Dr. Reich was instrumental in assisting members of his family to immigrate to the United States, including his cousins Otto Berdach and Rabbi Isidore Reich. The collection also includes occasional letters from various cousins in the Sommer and Wolf families.

Personal Correspondence

Other material in the correspondence series includes papers relating to Dr. Reich's application for United States citizenship in the mid-1920s, and his U. S. passport, dated 1929. Social correspondence includes invitations and letters exchanged with his close friends in the Rosenwald and Solis-Cohen families.

Professional Correspondence

A tireless and exacting correspondent, Dr. Reich continually exchanged letters with his peers in the United States and abroad. There are numerous instances of his recriminations against tardy correspondents, and a good many of the letters he received began either with an apology, or a declaration that no apology was necessary.

There were many professional peers with whom he carried on a cordial correspondence over the years. These friends included orientalists, linguists, egyptologists, and museum curators. Among his more frequent correspondents were: H. I. Bell, Freiherr Friedrich Wilhelm von Bissing, Romain F. Butin, Sir Frederic Llewelyn Griffith, Henri Hyvernat, Sir Frederic George Kenyon, James Meek, T. C. Skeat, and Sir Herbert Thompson. Dr. Reich also received occasional letters from William F. Albright, James H. Breasted, H. Breitner, Glanville Downey, Stuart A. Epler, S. R. K. Glanville, Eduard Mahler, James A. Montgomery, and Alan W. Shorter.

Much of this correspondence relates in part to these individual's contributions to the journal, Mizraim, which Dr. Reich edited. Also, a large proportion of the letters exchanged with his colleagues are brief notes of congratulation, thanks, and the like. Those from his most frequent correspondents tend to be more personal in their content.

Dr. Reich often sent gratis copies of his publications to his peers, and this courtesy was frequently returned. Many of the pamphlets and offprints autographed by his correspondents can be found in the Katz Center's Library. Only a relatively small proportion of this correspondence relates to Dr. Reich's activities as a member of various professional organizations.

Dropsie College

A significant portion of the professional correspondence concerns Dr. Reich's career as a member of the faculty of the Dropsie College for Hebrew and Cognate Learning. Much of this material consists of letters both to and from Dr. Cyrus Adler, President of the College. It was in Dr. Reich's nature to show great respect for persons in authority, but there is an added dimension to these letters. He felt a deep sense of personal obligation to Cyrus Adler for his support over the years.

His correspondence with Dr. Abraham Neuman, who succeeded Adler as President of the College, was necessarily more brief and less personal. Between Adler's death in 1940 and Reich's own death in 1943, there was little time for him to develop a close relationship with the new President. The researcher is advised to consult the Presidential papers of both Drs. Adler and Neuman for more pertinent information.

Another revealing facet to this Series is the correspondence which Dr. Reich kept up with his students at Dropsie College. These students included Arthur Dembitz, Zellig Harris, and Dr. Michael M. Zarchin. Among them, he most frequently met and corresponded with Drs. Henry Gehman and Baruch Weitzel.

World War II Correspondence

During the mid-to-late 1930's Dr. Reich received numerous letters from strangers, writing chiefly from Austria and Germany. Most of the letters are in English. All of them consist of pleas for his assistance in attempts to immigrate to the United States. Some of the correspondents represented themselves as relatives, or as possible relatives. Others wrote to him simply "out of desperation." Many referred to the restrictions against immigration imposed by both the United States and Germany, among them the "Hungarian Quota." Others referred to the fact that German Jews were at that time legally prohibited from being employed. Often, these letters describe the kind of work the correspondents were able or willing to do, and request that Dr. Reich send "the affidavit" that would enable them to emigrate.

Dr. Reich was anxious to help members of his own family immigrate to America. Most of these letters are, of course, in German. Because they are also lengthy, they are likely to be of particular interest. Of special note is the frequent correspondence from his brother Albert and sister-in-law Lolly. Those written by Lolly repeatedly beg for his help.

Unlike the correspondence relating to his cousins Carl and Isidore, there is no evidence in the collection that he sponsored his brother Albert's immigration. There is, however, one page of an undated letter by Dr. Reich in which he outlines his frantic efforts to help Albert and other members of the family. There are also several biographical sketches of Albert, which are similar to those supplied by Dr. Reich for Carl and Isidore, and by others for Dr. Reich himself at the time of his own immigration to the United States.

There are no such letters, and no correspondence at all with his family in Europe, dated later than 1939. Dr. Reich himself died in 1943, before the end of the war. Nothing in the Correspondence Series is dated later than 1942.

Box 1 Folder 1
Box 1 Folder 2
1906 (See also Box 7, FF 3).
Box 1 Folder 3
1907 (See also Box 7, FF 4).
Box 1 Folder 4
1908 (See also Box 7, FF 5).
Box 1 Folder 5
1909 (See also Box 7, FF 6).
Box 1 Folder 6
1910 (See also Box 7, FF 6).
Box 1 Folder 7
1911 (See also Box 7, FF 7).
Box 1 Folder 8
1912 (See also Box 7, FF 8).
Box 1 Folder 9
1913 (See also Box 7, FF 9).
Box 1 Folder 10
1914 (See also Box 7, FF 10).
Box 1 Folder 11
1915 (See also Box 7, FF 11).
Box 1 Folder 12
Box 1 Folder 13
1917 (See also Box 7, FF 12).
Box 1 Folder 14
1918 (See also Box 7, FF 12).
Box 1 Folder 15
1919 (See also Box 7, FF 12).
Box 1 Folder 16
1920 (See also Box 7, FF 13).
Box 2 Folder 1
1921 (See also Box 7, FF 13).
Box 2 Folder 2
Box 2 Folder 3
1923 (See also Box 7, FF 13).
Box 2 Folder 4
1924 January-May.
Box 2 Folder 5
1924 June-December.
Box 2 Folder 6
1925 January-June.
Box 2 Folder 7
1925 July-December (See also Box 7, FF 14).
Box 2 Folder 8
1926 January-April.
Box 2 Folder 9
1926 Tax Return.
Box 2 Folder 10
1926 May-July.
Box 2 Folder 11
1926 August.
Box 2 Folder 12
1926 September-December (See also Box 7, FF 14).
Box 3 Folder 1
1927 January-April.
Box 3 Folder 2
1927 May-August.
Box 3 Folder 3
1927 September-October.
Box 3 Folder 4
1927 November.
Box 3 Folder 5
1927 December (See also Box 7, FF 15).
Box 3 Folder 6
1928 January-March.
Box 3 Folder 7
1928 April-May.
Box 3 Folder 8
1928 June-December.
Box 3 Folder 9
1929 January-June.
Box 4 Folder 1
1929 July-December (See also Box 7, FF 16).
Box 4 Folder 2
1930 January- June.
Box 4 Folder 3
1930 July-December (See also Box 7, FF 17).
Box 4 Folder 4
1931 January-June.
Box 4 Folder 5
1931 July-December (See also Box 7, FF 18).
Box 4 Folder 6
1932 January- June.
Box 4 Folder 7
1932 July-December (See also Box 7, FF 19) .
Box 4 Folder 8
1933 January-June.
Box 4 Folder 9
1933 July-December (See also Box 7, FF 20) .
Box 4 Folder 10
1934 January-March.
Box 5 Folder 1
1934 April-June.
Box 5 Folder 2
1934 July-August.
Box 5 Folder 3
1934 September-October.
Box 5 Folder 4
1934 November-December (See also Box 7, FF 20).
Box 5 Folder 5
1935 January-March.
Box 5 Folder 6
1935 April-December.
Box 5 Folder 7
1936 January-July.
Box 5 Folder 8
1936 August-December.
Box 5 Folder 9
1937 January-May.
Box 5 Folder 10
1937 May-December (See also Box 7, FF 20).
Box 5 Folder 11
1938 January-March.
Box 5 Folder 12
1938 April-June.
Box 6 Folder 1
1938 July-August.
Box 6 Folder 2
1938 September-December (See also Box 7, FF 21).
Box 6 Folder 3
1939 January-May.
Box 6 Folder 4
1939 June-December (See also Box 7, FF 22).
Box 6 Folder 5
1940 (see also Box 7, FF 23).
Box 6 Folder 6
Box 6 Folder 7
1942 and 1943 draft (See also Box 7, FF 23).
Box 6 Folder 8
Undated correspondence with Cyrus Adler.
Box 6 Folder 9
Undated correspondence concerning N. Reich's application for U.S. citizenship and/or job inquires, circa 1924.
Box 6 Folder 10
Undated correspondence with colleagues (content suggests most items date from 1927).
Box 6 Folder 11
Miscellaneous undated correspondence, including some relating to a book by Skoss .
Box 6 Folder 12
Undated professional correspondence.
Box 6 Folder 13
Undated correspondence with the Rosenwald family.
Box 6 Folder 14
Undated social correspondence (content suggests dates in the 1930s).
Box 6 Folder 15
Undated correspondence with the Solis-Cohen family.
Box 6 Folder 16
Undated drafts of letters by N. Reich.
Box 6 Folder 17
Academic certificates, 1889-1899.
Box 7 Folder 1
Academic certificates from the Gymnasial- Zeugnis, 1888-1907.
Box 7 Folder 2
1906 (See also Box 1, FF 3).
Box 7 Folder 3
1907 (See also Box 1, FF 4).
Box 7 Folder 4
1908 (See also Box 1, FF 5).
Box 7 Folder 5
1909-1910 (See also Box 1, FF 6-7).
Box 7 Folder 6
1911 (See also Box 1, FF 8).
Box 7 Folder 7
1912 (See also Box 1, FF 9).
Box 7 Folder 8
1913 (See also Box 1, FF 10).
Box 7 Folder 9
1914 (See also Box 1, FF 11).
Box 7 Folder 10
1915 (See also Box 1, FF 12).
Box 7 Folder 11
1917-1919 (See also Box 1, FF 14-16).
Box 7 Folder 12
1920, 1921, 1923 (includes biographical information, See also Box 2, FF 1-4).
Box 7 Folder 13
1925-1926 (See also Box 2, FF 7-12 and Box 3, FF 1).
Box 7 Folder 14
1927 (See also Box 13, FF 2-6).
Box 7 Folder 15
1929 (See also Box 4, FF 1-2).
Box 7 Folder 16
1930 (See also Box 4, FF 3-4).
Box 7 Folder 17
1931 (See also Box 4, FF 5-6).
Box 7 Folder 18
1932 (See also Box 4, FF 7-8).
Box 7 Folder 19
1933, 1934, 1937 (See also Box 4, FF 9-10 and Box 5, FF 1-5 and 10-11).
Box 7 Folder 20
1938 (See also Box 5, FF 12 and Box 6, FF 1-3).
Box 7 Folder 21
1939 (See also Box 6, FF 4-5).
Box 7 Folder 22
1940, 1942 (See also Box 6, FF 6-8).
Box 7 Folder 23
Undated letters in German.
Box 7 Folder 24
Undated family letters.
Box 7 Folder 25
Nathaniel Reich's Curriculum Vitae.
Box 7 Folder 26
Albert Reich's Vitae.
Box 7 Folder 27
Undated letters.
Box 8 Folder 1
Undated picture postcards.
Box 8 Folder 2
Undated postcards.
Box 8 Folder 3
Nathaniel Reich's U.S. Passport, 1929.
Box 8 Folder 4

Boxes 8 and 9

Most of the items in this Series appear to be academic notebooks, dating from Dr. Reich's years of undergraduate and graduate study. Most of them are written in German. A few appear to record his work with the collections at various museums.

Egyptology bluebooks (3).
Box 8 Folder 5
Egyptology bluebook.
Box 8 Folder 6
Egyptology bluebook.
Box 8 Folder 7
Egyptology bluebooks (4).
Box 8 Folder 8
Hieroglyphics bluebooks (2).
Box 8 Folder 9
Hieroglyphics bluebooks (2).
Box 8 Folder 10
Hieroglyphics bluebooks (3).
Box 8 Folder 11
Arabic bluebooks (4).
Box 8 Folder 12
Monuments bluebooks (2).
Box 8 Folder 13
Miscellaneous bluebooks (3).
Box 8 Folder 14
Miscellaneous bluebooks (2).
Box 8 Folder 15
Tanis notebook.
Box 9 Folder 1
Demotic notebook.
Box 9 Folder 2
Two notebooks written in multiple-languages. Includes 1888 lecture notes and an acrostic poem.
Box 9 Folder 3
Ostraca notebook dated 9 September 1913. Includes tracings and some photographs. (See also Box 12, FF 19 and Box 16, FF 3-5).
Box 9 Folder 4
Ostraca notebook with tracings. (See also Box 12, FF 19 and Box 16, FF 3-5).
Box 9 Folder 5
Notebook on the Berlin Museum's "Papyrus Westkar".
Box 9 Folder 6

Boxes 9, 10, and 12

The material in this series is quite varied, and appears to range widely in date. Those items written in German probably pre-date his immigration to the United States. Unfortunately, there is little information to identify the many Demotic and other inscriptions he transcribed. Some of these materials may belong more properly in the Literary Productions Series.

Some files relate to specific papyri, ostraca, or other objects held by various institutions, including the British Museum, the Brooklyn Museum, the Louvre, and the New York Historical Society. Often, these were museums for which Dr. Reich did some work, such as cataloging a collection. Usually, the collection contains photographic or other facsimiles of these and related items in the Facsimiles Series.

Elkan Adler papyrus # 31. Reich published this item in 1936.
Box 9 Folder 7
British Museum papyrus # 10072. Reich published this item in 1931. Contains letter from T.C. Peterson, editor of the journal Sphinx. (See also Box 12, FF 14-15 and Box 15, FF 3-4).
Box 9 Folder 8
British Museum papyrus # 10117. Reich published this item in 1914. (See also Box 12, FF 14-15 and Box 15, FF 3-4).
Box 9 Folder 9
British Museum papyrus # 10120 A and B. Reich published this item in 1914. (See also Box 12, FF 14-15 and Box 15, FF 3-4).
Box 9 Folder 10
Notes and transcriptions.
Box 9 Folder 11
Papyri transcriptions.
Box 9 Folder 12
Papyri transcriptions.
Box 9 Folder 13
Papyri transcriptions.
Box 9 Folder 14
Archaic papyrus.
Box 9 Folder 15
Coptic transcriptions.
Box 9 Folder 16
Coptic transcription headed by Greek formula. Preisigke Sammelbuch (SB) p. 596 (5605) # 96.
Box 9 Folder 17
Notes and transcriptions.
Box 9 Folder 18
Notes and transcriptions.
Box 9 Folder 19
Field Museum coffin box #30020 A. (See also Box 12, FF 17 and Box 15, FF 11).
Box 10 Folder 1
Metropolitan Museum of Art--Report. (See also Box 15, FF 16), 1937.
Box 10 Folder 2
Brooklyn Museum (See also Box 15, FF 5-8).
Box 10 Folder 3
Painted wooden casket.
Box 10 Folder 4
Princeton University Demotic papyri. (See also Box 16, FF 7).
Box 10 Folder 4A
Transcriptions and Notes. Includes hieroglyphics, grammar, notes on items in collections, dates and formulae. (See Box 9, FF 18), legal terms, coptic transcriptions, notes on Dan. 1.20, etc.
Box 12 Folder 1
Egyptian Stele.
Box 12 Folder 2
Miscellaneous reproductions of hieroglyphics, Mesba Stone, annotated hieratic, etc.
Box 12 Folder 3
Egyptology Notes in German, including Nachtrunge u. Berichtigurzen, numbered 84-97 in blue crayon, and dictionary entry materials.
Box 12 Folder 4
Typed notes in German.
Box 12 Folder 5
Notes in German, including material on University Museum Doc. 3.
Box 12 Folder 6
Notes in German.
Box 12 Folder 7
Notes in German, some possibly in the hand of D.H. Muller.
Box 12 Folder 8
Notes in German including A III c-d, B v Bv2.
Box 12 Folder 9
Ensnachaomnew. Concerns personal names.
Box 12 Folder 10
Zur Geschichte der Starken Fricativen Kehllaute im Aegyptischen. Draft of article.
Box 12 Folder 11

Boxes 10, 11, 12, and 14

The material in this Series also ranges widely in date and subject. Most of the material is written in Dr. Reich's own hand, and the majority of these documents were clearly authored by him. Notable exceptions to this rule are items written by H. I. Bell (Box 10, FF 19) and William F. Albright (Box 10, FF 30.) Two other items were credited on the original covers to Stuart A. Epler and Ruth Lee Michael (possibly Dr. Reich's students.) These and the mimeographs of hieroglyphics, which might have been used for classroom exercises, are among the few items in the Collection which seem to relate directly to Dr. Reich's work as Professor of Egyptology at Dropsie College.

Some of the materials in this Series may be original drafts of works which he later published (a likely example is the material about Jacob Kroll, Box 10, FF 12-13.) Others may belong more properly in the Notes and Transcriptions Series. The literary material includes many book reviews and a few full-length articles by Dr. Reich, which may have been intended for publication in his journal, Mizraim. Those which were identified as having been published in that journal have been removed to the Mizraim Series. A bibliography of Reich's published work appears in Volume 7 of Mizraim.

Lesson from Tutankhamon's Tomb.
Box 10 Folder 5
Outline of proposed book to be co-authored by Nathaniel Reich and John A. Maynard The Bible and Recent Discoveries.
Box 10 Folder 6
Pharaohs mentioned in the Bible.
Box 10 Folder 7
Translation of Poem (Darius).
Box 10 Folder 8
A Scene in Egypt More than 2,000 Years Ago. Possible draft of paper meant for publication.
Box 10 Folder 9
Preliminary report about the Arabic-Coptic Manuscript. Consists of 88 leaves (donated to Dropsie College by Frederic John Lewis).
Box 10 Folder 10
Inhabitants of Abyssinia.
Box 10 Folder 11
Jacob Kroll. Includes a page on BM 1021 Kenyon, or a dictionary page.
Box 10 Folder 12
Jacob Kroll.
Box 10 Folder 13
Khamitische Sprachen.
Box 10 Folder 14
Box 10 Folder 15
Unsigned, undated letter in German.
Box 10 Folder 16
Arbeiter .... German MS. in examination book.
Box 10 Folder 17
Notes in German, including Cairo 30601, 30608-9 and miscellaneous.
Box 10 Folder 18
"Review of Premerstein," holograph MS. by H.I. Bell, 1940.
Box 10 Folder 19
Review of V.M.A. David's "Les Sources de Code Hamurapi".
Box 10 Folder 20
Digest of Biassutti's "Egiziani ed Etiopici".
Box 10 Folder 21
Review or notes of Thompson and Bell's "Greek Papyri in the British Museum." Includes items 1204, 880, 881 (See Mizraim Vol. 3, p. 10).
Box 10 Folder 22
Review of Griffith's "Oxford Excavations".
Box 10 Folder 23
Review of Brody's "Der Misna Traktat".
Box 10 Folder 24
Review of Morgenstern's "Index to Biblical Passages".
Box 10 Folder 25
"On Recent Literature About the Ancient Orient." Possibly written for the Jewish Quarterly Review.
Box 10 Folder 26
Recent Egyptological Literature.
Box 10 Folder 27
Review of Lexa's "La Magic dans L'Egypte" (See also 1927 correspondence).
Box 10 Folder 27A
On Nubia and Neighborhood.
Box 10 Folder 28
Review of Grenfell's "An Alexandrian Erotic Fragment".
Box 10 Folder 29
"The Principles of Egyptian Phonological Development," typed MS. by F.W. Albright.
Box 10 Folder 30
Hieroglyphics mimeographs (See also Box 12, FF 14 & FF 26-34).
Box 10 Folder 31
Box 10 Folder 32
Bobbed Hair.
Box 10 Folder 33
Exam paper.
Box 10 Folder 34
Miscellaneous, includes notes on editing abbreviations, letter from I. Horwitz and addresses.
Box 10 Folder 35
Numbered Demotic papyri in the British Museum.
Box 10 Folder 36
Dated Demotic papyri.
Box 10 Folder 37
Proposed Demotic Thesaurus (See also Box 11), 1935.
Box 10 Folder 38
Memorandum on Demotic Treasure and Proposal for a new Institute of Investigations for Alexandrian Culture.
Box 10 Folder 39
Draft of a Demotic Dictionary by Nathaniel Reich.
Box 11 Folder 1
Draft of a Demotic Dictionary by Nathaniel Reich.
Box 11 Folder 2
Draft of a Demotic Dictionary by Nathaniel Reich.
Box 11 Folder 3
Manuscript of the Oldest Demotic Dictionary compiled by Leo S. Reinisch (Presented to Dropsie College by Nathaniel Reich, 1935)--Section A.
Box 11 Folder 4
Manuscript of the Oldest Demotic Dictionary compiled by Leo S. Reinisch (Presented to Dropsie College by Nathaniel Reich, 1935)--Section B.
Box 11 Folder 5
Manuscript of the Oldest Demotic Dictionary compiled by Leo S. Reinisch (Presented to Dropsie College by Nathaniel Reich, 1935)--Section C.
Box 11 Folder 6
Manuscript of the Oldest Demotic Dictionary compiled by Leo S. Reinisch (Presented to Dropsie College by Nathaniel Reich, 1935)--Section D.
Box 11 Folder 7
Manuscript of the Oldest Demotic Dictionary compiled by Leo S. Reinisch (Presented to Dropsie College by Nathaniel Reich, 1935)--Section E.
Box 11 Folder 8
Manuscript of the Oldest Demotic Dictionary compiled by Leo S. Reinisch (Presented to Dropsie College by Nathaniel Reich, 1935)--Section F.
Box 11 Folder 9
Manuscript of the Oldest Demotic Dictionary compiled by Leo S. Reinisch (Presented to Dropsie College by Nathaniel Reich, 1935)--Section G.
Box 11 Folder 10
Manuscript of the Oldest Demotic Dictionary compiled by Leo S. Reinisch (Presented to Dropsie College by Nathaniel Reich, 1935)--Section H.
Box 11 Folder 11
Manuscript of the Oldest Demotic Dictionary compiled by Leo S. Reinisch (Presented to Dropsie College by Nathaniel Reich, 1935)--Section I.
Box 11 Folder 12
Manuscript of the Oldest Demotic Dictionary compiled by Leo S. Reinisch (Presented to Dropsie College by Nathaniel Reich, 1935)--Section J.
Box 11 Folder 13
Manuscript of the Oldest Demotic Dictionary compiled by Leo S. Reinisch (Presented to Dropsie College by Nathaniel Reich, 1935)--Section K.
Box 11 Folder 14
Miscellaneous lists of papyri at U. Michigan at Ann Arbor, Demotic papyri at University Museum of the University of Pennsylvania, and list of lantern slides: "Records of the Past".
Box 12 Folder 12
Berlin papyrus # 3110. Includes notes on Arabic and Coptic material. Possibly a draft by Arthur A. Dembitz.
Box 12 Folder 13
Papyri Juristischen Inhalt in Heiratische und Demotische Schrift ans den British Museum --contains typed report and mimeographs (See also Box 9, FF 8-10 and Box 15, FF 3-4).
Box 12 Folder 14
British Museum papyri facsimiles and transcriptions (See also Box 9, FF 8-10 and Box 15, 3-4).
Box 12 Folder 15
Report on the Eisenlohr Collection.
Box 12 Folder 16
Field Museum Hieratic-Demotic coffin text--Contains photographs (See also Box 10, FF 1 and Box 15, FF 11).
Box 12 Folder 17
Two notebooks and list of Demotic Papyri in the Louvre Museum, catalogued in 1874 (See also Box 15, FF 13-14).
Box 12 Folder 18
Merton Ostraca (See also Box 9, FF 4-5, Box 15, FF 15, and Box 16, FF 3-5).
Box 12 Folder 19
Pierpont Morgan Museum papyri.
Box 12 Folder 20
Aus den Roptischen Manuscripten der Regl. Bayr. Hof und Straatsbibliothek in Munchen. Reich published this in 1912.
Box 12 Folder 21
Demotic papyri at the New York Historical Society (See also Box 15, FF 21-23).
Box 12 Folder 22
"Papyri actually present in the library".
Box 12 Folder 23
"Studies in some Strasbourg Papyri by Stuart A. Epler" (Contains facsimiles, various typed and holograph MSS., some in Reich's hand).
Box 12 Folder 24
"Ruth Lee Michael" (Contains transcriptions of Strasbourg papyri, various holograph MSS., some in Reich's hand).
Box 12 Folder 25
Hieroglyphics mimeographs.
Box 12 Folder 26
Hieroglyphics mimeographs.
Box 12 Folder 27
Hieroglyphics mimeographs.
Box 12 Folder 28
Hieroglyphics mimeographs.
Box 12 Folder 29
Hieroglyphics mimeographs.
Box 12 Folder 30
Hieroglyphics mimeographs.
Box 12 Folder 31
Hieroglyphics mimeographs.
Box 12 Folder 32
Hieroglyphics mimeographs.
Box 12 Folder 33
Hieroglyphics mimeographs (See also Box 10, FF 31 amd Box 12, FF 14).
Box 12 Folder 34
List of books proposed for purchase from the Rosenwald Egyptology Fund (Dropsie College).
Box 12 Folder 35
Volume VII-VIII: Papyrus Archive, with plates of documents 1-18.
Box 14 Folder 14
Volume VIII: Papyrus Archive, with plates of documents 3-20.
Box 14 Folder 15
Volume II: Papyrus Archive, with plates 21-26 and publication notes.
Box 14 Folder 16
Volume II: Deposit Notes (Demotic).
Box 14 Folder 17
Review of Georges Ort-Geunther's "Grammaire Demotique." Drafts by Reich.
Box 14 Folder 18
Review of Papyrus Upsaliensis.
Box 14 Folder 19
Memorial to Henri Hyvernat.
Box 14 Folder 20
"An Egyptian Register of Births".
Box 14 Folder 21
Origin of Alphabet.
Box 14 Folder 22
Notes on burials.
Box 14 Folder 23
Scribes: Notes and facsimiles.
Box 14 Folder 24
Box 14 Folder 25

Boxes 13 and 14

From 1933 to 1938 Dr. Reich published and edited the irregular periodical Mizraim: Journal of Papyrology, Egyptology, History of Ancient Laws, and their Relations to the Civilizations of Bible Lands. His long-time friend and benefactor, Lessing Rosenwald, provided the necessary funds for publication. In his forward to the first volume, Dr. Reich takes the opportunity to express his thanks for this support, and his "gratitude and affectionate admiration" for Mr. and Mrs. Rosenwald's "most precious gift of all: ideal friendship". The same forward also explains that the title "Mizraim" (the Biblical designation of Egypt), was chosen because Egypt "presents a unique example of an uninterrupted civilization.... which offers.... a laboratory for the historian and archaeologist." (12)

This Series includes a complete set of the journal's nine volumes. It also contains typed drafts of some materials submitted by various authors, and some holograph materials written by Reich himself for publication in the journal. Many more items, including book reviews and articles, which were written by Dr. Reich with the apparent intention of printing them in this journal, can be found in the Literary Productions Series. There are also two items in that Series written by others (Bell and Albright), which appear to have been intended for publication in Mizraim.

The journal was published by G.E. Stechert & Co., which in 1933 had offices in New York, London, Paris and Leipzig. Mizraim was printed in Austria by Adolf Holzhausen's Successors, printers to the University of Vienna. The cessation of publication may have been due to the increasing difficulties of working with this printer in the late 1930s.

Draft of letter about Mizraim.
Box 13 Folder 1
Dedication to Francis L. Griffith (Volume II).
Box 13 Folder 2
Dedication to Cyrus Adler (Volume IV-V).
Box 13 Folder 3
Dedication Sir Frederic George Kenyon (Volume VIII).
Box 13 Folder 4
Dedication Sir Herbert Thompson (Volume II).
Box 13 Folder 5
Review of Mizraim.
Box 13 Folder 6
Mizraim Volume I.
Box 13 Folder 7
Mizraim Volume II.
Box 13 Folder 8
Mizraim Volume III.
Box 13 Folder 9
Mizraim Volume IV-V.
Box 13 Folder 10
Mizraim Volume VI.
Box 13 Folder 11
Mizraim Volume VII.
Box 13 Folder 12
Mizraim Volume VIII.
Box 13 Folder 13
Mizraim Volume IX.
Box 13 Folder 14
Loose pages.
Box 13 Folder 15
Volume I: Review of Boak's "Karanis," by Howard Comfort. With an incomplete item by H. Hyvernat.
Box 14 Folder 1
Volume I: Review of Crum's "Coptic Dictionary" by H. Hyvernat. With loose page by Weitzel on Pendelbury.
Box 14 Folder 2
Volume I: Galley of Albright's article, 1931.
Box 14 Folder 3
Volume I: Serapeum of Memphis, includes plates.
Box 14 Folder 3A
Volume II: Kenyon manuscript.
Box 14 Folder 4
Volume II: Abu l'Negga manuscript. Early drafts of overview article by Reich.
Box 14 Folder 5
Volume II: Skeat manuscript.
Box 14 Folder 6
Volume II: Butin manuscript.
Box 14 Folder 7
Volume II: Lewis manuscript (See also Box 15, FF 17-19).
Box 14 Folder 8
Volume II: Review of Breasted's "Graffiti." MS draft by Reich.
Box 14 Folder 9
Volume II: Review of Worrell's "Proverbs." Drafts by Henry Gehman.
Box 14 Folder 10
Volume III: Witness Contracts. MS drafts by Reich.
Box 14 Folder 11
Volume VII: Papyrus Archive. MS draft by Reich (See also Box 16, FF 6).
Box 14 Folder 12
Volume VII: Papyrus Archive, with plates I-IV. Draft of detailed treatment of documents XIV, XVI, XIX, XX, XXI.
Box 14 Folder 13

Box 14

These chiefly consist of biographical sketches and obituaries of Nathaniel Reich. Some are news articles featuring interviews with Dr. Reich and describing his unusual work. Another file concerns a bizarre imposture of Dr. Reich which occurred in 1925. Some of these copies were collected during the research done toward processing this collection; others were drawn from the archives of the Dropsie College Registrar (DC 6 B1.) Not surprisingly, there are a number of clippings about the discovery of Tutankhamen's tomb by Howard Carter in 1923.

Miscellaneous news articles about Dr. Reich, most pertaining to his work at the University Museum of the University of Pennsylvania, 1922-1924.
Box 14 Folder 26
Articles about imposture, 1925.
Box 14 Folder 27
Biographical sketches and obituaries of Dr. Reich.
Box 14 Folder 28
Discovery of Tutankhamon's Tomb, 1923.
Box 14 Folder 29

Boxes 15 and 16

This Series contains numerous photographic facsimile reproductions of papyri, ostraca and other inscriptions. Certain of these photographs are clearly identified (for example, "Field Museum coffin box # 30020 A" in Box 15, FF 11.) Unfortunately, however, the bulk of this material has no identification.

Many items in this Series relate to other textual materials elsewhere in the Collection. Wherever possible, the Container List gives cross references to these materials (e.g.: the folder listing for the Field Museum facsimile gives a "see also" reference to additional material in Box 10, FF 1.)

Some overlap is likely between the items in this Series and those in the Mizraim Series. A careful comparison of these files with the contents of that periodical may furnish clear identifications for much of this material. For example, the photographs of mummy tickets (Box 15, FF 17-19) were sent to Dr. Reich by N. Lewis, apparently to serve as illustrations for his article on this topic which appeared in Volume II of Mizraim.

The researcher should note that additional materials belonging to this Series might also be housed in the Herbert D. Katz Center's Facsimile Manuscript Collection, which at the date of this writing has not been processed. Two sets of glass plate negatives have been removed from this Collection for purposes of preservation, and are currently housed in the Photographic Collection.

Arabic (Unidentified "1a-6a," 2 sets).
Box 15 Folder 1
Chester Beatty papyrus (No. 16, in duplicate).
Box 15 Folder 2
British Museum Demotic papyrus # 10236. (See also Box 9, FF 8-10 and Box 12, FF14-15).
Box 15 Folder 3
British Museum papyrus 17392b. (1-4), 17392c (1-3) (See also Box 9, FF 8-10 and Box 12, FF14-15).
Box 15 Folder 4
Brooklyn Museum, including 12768-443, Mummy Tickets, etc. (See also Box 10, FF 3).
Box 15 Folder 5
Brooklyn Museum, including Ostraca 87, various languages (See also Box 10, FF 3).
Box 15 Folder 6
Brooklyn Museum, including linens (See also Box 10, FF 3).
Box 15 Folder 7
Brooklyn Museum, Ostraca K93 (See also Box 10, FF 3).
Box 15 Folder 8
Paris Bibl. Nat. Heirogly/Heirat (13 photo plates).
Box 15 Folder 9
"Papyri for Duncan, 5-17-26".
Box 15 Folder 10
Field Museum coffin box # 30020 A. (See also Box 10, FF 1).
Box 15 Folder 11
Egyptian papyrus from John Huntington Collection.
Box 15 Folder 12
Louvre Museum (See also Box 12, FF 18).
Box 15 Folder 13
Louvre Museum (See also Box 12, FF 18).
Box 15 Folder 14
Merton Coptic Papyri (See also Box 12, FF 19).
Box 15 Folder 15
Metropolitan Museum of Art (See also Box 10, FF 2).
Box 15 Folder 16
Strassbourg Mummy Tickets: N. Lewis (See also Box 14, FF 8), 1934.
Box 15 Folder 17
Mummy Tickets (See also Box 14, FF 8).
Box 15 Folder 18
Mummy Tickets (See also Box 14, FF 8).
Box 15 Folder 19
Newark Museum Egyptian Stele. Includes 925K, 924K, 5476.
Box 15 Folder 20
New York Historical Society, some labeled "Abbott" (See also Box 12, FF 22).
Box 15 Folder 21
New York Historical Society. Includes 373b, a 388. (See also Box 12, FF 22).
Box 15 Folder 22
New York Historical Society, some labeled "Abbott." (See also Box 12, FF 22).
Box 15 Folder 23
Oriental Institute of Chicago. Includes Ostraca 6460-7122, etc.
Box 16 Folder 1
Oriental Institute of Chicago. Includes Ostraca 6460-7122, etc.
Box 16 Folder 2
Ostraca. Includes N 108, 109, notes on Ostr. 3, 18, etc. (See also Box 9, FF 4-5 and Box 12, FF 19).
Box 16 Folder 3
Ostraca. Mostly Coptic, includes notes on Ostr. 4, etc. (See also Box 9, FF 4-5 and Box 12, FF 19).
Box 16 Folder 4
Unidentified Ostraca.
Box 16 Folder 5
University of Pennsylvania, University Museum Papyrus Archive. Includes Jar 2 good, Jar 1, etc. (See also Box 14, FF 12-16).
Box 16 Folder 6
Princeton University Demotic papyrus, AM 8974 (See also Box 10, FF 4A).
Box 16 Folder 7
Princeton University Container from G. Downey (See also Box 10, FF 4A).
Box 16 Folder 8
Toledo Museum of Art Demotic papyri. Includes 3 photos.
Box 16 Folder 9
Weiner papyri. Includes photos with possibly unrelated note mentioning Epler, (circa 1925).
Box 16 Folder 10
Miscellaneous papyri, including # 745, 742a, Germaine script, A 242.
Box 16 Folder 11
Miscellaneous papyri, including R Yale 882 v, 10075, 664 etc.
Box 16 Folder 12
Miscellaneous papyri, including British Museum photos for article, #2039/8.
Box 16 Folder 13
Miscellaneous papyri, including London 10556, 22779, etc., new article photo.
Box 16 Folder 14
Miscellaneous papyri, including University of Pennsylvania Jar 2-good- 856 mounted and duplicates of one other piece.
Box 16 Folder 15
Demotic papyri, with note in German.
Box 16 Folder 16
Papyri and clay tablets, including London (D. More Beth photograph), 23573, Stele 988, 994, etc., Toledo Stevens papyri 9/16/1933.
Box 16 Folder 17

Box 16

This small Series contains photographs (and one pencil drawing) of Nathaniel Reich, various members of his family, and his friends and colleagues. It includes photographs taken of painted portraits of his ancestor Koppel Altenkunstat, known as "Koppel Charif," for whom his father's eldest brother was named. Unfortunately, few of the family photographs are identified.

George D. Duncan, 1926 May 17.
Box 16 Folder 18
Nathaniel Reich: Drawing in pencil (possibly by Muhlstern).
Box 16 Folder 19
Nathaniel Reich: photographs.
Box 16 Folder 20
Reich family members, including Dr. Reich's father, Wilhelm, sister Emma (1928) and cousin Isidore Reich (1939).
Box 16 Folder 21
Photographs of painted portraits of Nathaniel Reich's paternal grandfaher, "Koppel Charif".
Box 16 Folder 22
Leo S. Reinisch, 1902.
Box 16 Folder 23
Lessing Rosenwald, 1929 June 1.
Box 16 Folder 24
Herbert Thompson, 1930 November.
Box 16 Folder 25
Miscellaneous photographs.
Box 16 Folder 26

Print, Suggest