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Jean Gore Papers

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Held at: Swarthmore College Peace Collection [Contact Us]500 College Avenue, Swarthmore 19081-1399

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the Swarthmore College Peace Collection. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

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BIOGRAPHICAL NOTES BY JEAN GORE'S DAUGHTERS AND OTHERS [https://www.kudoboard.com/boards/LeVbkZN5]:

Jean Claire Langerman Gore was raised in a secular Jewish home in Chicago. Her lifelong commitment to social justice, peace and women's rights was rooted in her childhood during the Great Depression when her social worker mother brought home stories of poverty. Her first political act came at age 13, when she refused to wear silk hose because they were made in Japan, which had recently invaded Manchuria.

Jean studied psychology and social work at Northwestern University and the University of Michigan. In the 1940s, Jean worked with other left wing young people to improve economic and social conditions in the United States. It was in this group that Jean met her future husband, Jack Gore. They married in 1946 and were partners in activism and raising their daughters until his death in 1970.

While living in Albuquerque, (New Mexico) in the 1950s, Jack and Jean were involved with the local NAACP chapter. They moved to Boulder (Colorado) in 1958. Jean received her teaching certificate from the University of Colorado-Boulder in 1964, and her master's of education from the Juarez-Lincoln branch of Antioch College in 1974. As an elementary school teacher, Jean created Rainbow Press at University Hill Elementary School, which continues to publish books written by children about their own lives and experiences. She joined the Educators for Social Justice and founded the Nuclear War Education Committee. She worked with the Mountain View Center for Environmental Education and honed her skills at the Bank Street School of Education in New York. She also was one of the founders of the Reading to End Racism project in the Boulder Valley Schools.

In the 1960s Jean founded the Boulder branch of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF) as part of the opposition to the Vietnam war. Jean chaired the Jane Addams Book Award committee for WILPF for six years and was president of the U.S. branch of WILPF for many years. She attended a peace seminar with women from the U.S. and the Soviet Union in 1983 to discuss ending the nuclear arms race, and in 1986 she arranged for these women to meet again in Colorado. She led a women's group to China in 1985 as guests of the All-China Women's Federation. In the 1990s, she traveled with WILPF to Cuba to bring needed supplies and show support for Cuban women. Her abiding concern for peace led her to chair the Middle East program for the Colorado office of the American Friends Service Committee from 1979-1981.

Wearing her many hats from many affiliations, Jean traveled to Israel/Palestine to meet with people striving for peace there in the early 1980s. In 1992, Jean joined a Food First/Earthwatch expedition to India to study the unique qualities of the state of Kerala that made it a United Nations development model. She went to Guatemala in 1993 as part of a Peace Brigade International delegation accompanying the first group of Guatemalan refugees returning from Mexico. Jean represented U.S. WILPF in 1995 at the 50th anniversary of the dropping of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima.

With Ruth Correll, Jean started the Colorado Women's Agenda, a statewide coalition of advocacy groups. She was a founding member of the Raging Grannies, a group of activist singers that swapped the lyrics from popular songs for political commentary.

At 80, Jean moved into Frasier Meadows Retirement Community (FMRC), in Boulder. She started an English as a Second Language program for FMRC staff who hail from all over the world, and trained residents as reading tutors for emerging bilingual students who came weekly from a nearby middle school. She also started a group called "Women to Women" to discuss the problems of the world; when FMRC men asked to be included, the title morphed to "People to People." At Frasier, Jean found a warm and vibrant community with which to spend her last sixteen years.

Jean Gore died in August 2021. She is survived by her daughters Linda Gore (Michael Covey) and Mim Campos.

The Jean Gore Papers cover her activities related to peace and justice from the 1980s through circa 2012. These include trips she took to Asia, India and elsewhere, along with participation or involvement in events and with groups. Her files on Red-Baiting reveal some of the harrassment experienced by WILPF and others from those who thought they were Communists etc.

The Swarthmore College Peace Collection is the official repository for the papers of Jean Gore.

Donated by Linda Gore (daughter) [acc. 2022-016]

Removed: Photographs; audiovisual items; oversized items

Publisher
Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Finding Aid Author
Anne M. Yoder, SCPC Archivist
Finding Aid Date
2023 (August)
Access Restrictions

There are no restrictions for this collection; it is open for research use.

Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendents, as stipulated by United States copyright law.

Collection Inventory

Biographical Information.
Box 1
Correspondence, 1983-2001.
Box 1
Correspondence with those met on trip to India, 1992-2006.
Box 1
Presentations given.
Box 1
Travel journals and notes from trips, 1980-1994.
Box 1
Trip to China: travel journal and notes.
Box 1
Trip to Japan: travel journal.
Box 1
Trip to China as WILPF peace envoy for All China's Women's Federation.
Box 1
Trip to Kerala, India, with Earthwatch Team III: general.
Box 1
Trip to Kerala, India, with Earthwatch Team III: notes "Reflections On My Journey".
Box 1
Trip to Kerala, India, with Earthwatch Team III: notebook "Kerala".
Box 1
Trip to Kerala, India, with Earthwatch Team III: notes.
Box 1
Trip to Guatemala with Peace Brigades International.
Box 1
Trip to Cuba with WILPF: items removed from Scrapbook [photos put in Photograph Collection], 1995.
Box 1
Trip to Cuba with WLIPF: notes, 1995.
Box 1
Efforts re: helping children cope in a nuclear age[two audiocassettes removed], 1978-1984.
Box 2
Attendance at U.S.-Soviet Women's Seminars, 1983, 1986, 1993.
Box 2
Notes and rough drafts re: Red-Baiting and political smears, 1986-1987.
Box 2
Participation in Colorado Women's Agenda conferences, 1986-1993.
Box 2
Responses to attack on WILPF by Guenter Lewy, 1988-1989.
Box 2
Attendance at international conference "Anticommunism and the U.S. History and Consequences," Harvard University.
Box 2
Attendance at 9th Annual National Advanced Training Workshop, Waveland (Mississippi), February 1-5, 1989.
Box 2
Involvement with Jane Addams Children's Book Award [JACBA], 1989-2006.
Box 2
Cross-cultural awareness: notes and documents, 1990-1991.
Box 2
Participation (as co-facilitator) in Alternatives to Violence workshops, 1993, 1995.
Box 2
Participation in "A Culture of Peace,", 1994.
Box 2
Involvement with Boulder WILPF Task Force on Racial Justice, and with Boulder Citizens for a Just and Equitable Multi-Racial Society, 1998-1999.
Box 2
Involvement with WILPF Anti-Racism Task Force, 1998-2001.
Box 2
Notes, 1987.
Box 2
Notes for bibliography on women.
Box 2
Attendance at WILPF's UFORJE Retreat.
Box 3
Participation (as workshop leader) in WILPF's UFORJE National Training Conference, October 12-12, 2000.
Box 3
Involvement (as Founder) with Reading to End Racism, 2001-2003.
Box 3
Involvement with Colorado Jews for a Just Peace, 2002-2003.
Box 3
Participation in Adopt-A-Silo Citizen Weapon Inspection Team action, 2003.
Box 3
Involvement (as Board Member) with Vermont Anti-Racism Action Team, Montpelier (Vermont), 2003.
Box 3
Participation (as trainer) in "Addressing Racism in Vermont Public Schools" Rapid Response Training, Montpelier (Vermont), February 21-22, 2003.
Box 3
Participation in Reading to End Racism program.
Box 3
Efforts re: the Middle East, 2006-2012.
Box 3
Participation in efforts to support affirmative action in Colorado, 2007.
Box 3
Attendance(?) at 8th Annual White Privilege Conference, University of Colorado at Colorado Springs, April 18-21, 2007.
Box 3
Notes on books, 2008.
Box 3
Reference material: pamphlet "Bandung: Texts of Selected Speeches and Final Communique of the Asian-African Conference, Bandung, Indonesia" (Far East Reporter), April 18-25, 1995.
Box 4
Reference material: criminal justice; restorative justice, 1995, 2000-2004.
Box 4
Reference material: guide to cultural etiquette, 1990.
Box 4
Reference material: Guatemalan refugees, 1990-1993.
Box 4
Reference material: Israel-Palestine relations.
Box 4
Reference material: Kerala, India.
Box 4
Reference material: racial profiling in Colorado, 2000.
Box 4
Reference material: racism and anti-racism.
Box 4
Reference material: racism against women of color, 1982-1987.
Box 4
Reference material: reparations, 1997-2001.
Box 4
Reference material: WILPF – Israel Section, 2003-2004.
Box 4
Reference material: WILPF material re: racism and anti-racism.
Box 4
Reference material: women and the peace movement.
Box 4
Reference material: "Women's Equality Poll 1995" by Louis Harris, 1995.
Box 4
Reference material: women's history lesson plans, 1982.
Box 4
Reference material: Red-Baiting – packet re: "political smears" by The Bill of Rights Foundation, 1980-1989.
Box 5
Reference material: Red-Baiting – Chicago Red Squad, 1975.
Box 5
Reference material: Red-Baiting of WILPF.
Box 5
Reference material: Red-Baiting – Chicago Police Department intelligence reports on peace groups and activists, including WILPF [copies], 1969-1973.
Box 5
Reference material: Red-Baiting – police and FBI spying (including Red Squad in Chicago).
Box 5
Reference material: Red-Baiting – John Birch Society.
Box 5
Reference material: Red-Baiting – Movement Support Network's report on harassment incidents, 1987.
Box 5
Reference material: Red-Baiting and political smears.
Box 5
Reference material: Red-Baiting and political smears (continued).
Box 5
Reference material: civil liberties.
Box 5

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