A. Ruth Fry Papers
Held at: Swarthmore College Peace Collection [Contact Us]500 College Avenue, Swarthmore 19081-1399
This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the Swarthmore College Peace Collection. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.
Overview and metadata sections
[Anna] Ruth Fry was born in Highgate, England on September 4, 1878, into a Quaker family. Her father, Sir Edward Fry, was both a judge and a lawyer who gained international repute for his role as a skilled negotiator at the Hague Tribunal in 1917. Ruth was educated at home, and then went on to work for peace as an activist and a writer. From 1914-1924, she served as general secretary of the Friends Relief Commission, a committee organized by British Quakers to provide help for refugees and others ravaged by the war. Fry toured the war zones as a traveling commissioner and wrote about the various relief efforts in her book A Quaker Adventure (1926). She was also the first chairman of the Russian Famine Relief Fund in 1921. In 1926-1927, she served as the secretary for the National Council for the Prevention of War, and in 1936-1937 as the treasurer of the London branch of the War Resisters' International. The pacifist journal Reconciliation appointed her to its editorial board in 1935. During the Boer war, Fry was treasurer of the Boer Home Industries Commission. Fry wrote numerous books, pamphlets and tracts, many of which are available in the Swarthmore College Peace Collection. She died on April 26, 1962.
The Fry Papers contain biographical information; correspondence (1918-1948); a scrapbook (1925-1942); photographs; hand-drawn maps of Friends' relief work in Poland and the Soviet Union; and her writings. The latter consist of books, numerous peace tracts, articles and reports that were printed in newspapers and periodicals, and manuscript reports and journals about her trips to France, Holland, Belgium, Austria, the Soviet Union, Germany, the United States, Switzerland, and South Africa (with her father and alone).
Box 1 contains biographical information about A. Ruth Fry and her correspondence, and some of the books and pamphlets she wrote. Box 2 contains more writings, mostly published, by and about Fry. Some of these items have been cataloged on Tripod.
Guide to the Swarthmore College Peace Collection, 2nd ed., p. 32.
Guide to Sources on Women in the Swarthmore College Peace Collection, p. 11.
The Swarthmore College Peace Collection is the official repository for these papers/records.
Gift of A. Ruth Fry, 1948-1960.
Collection originally processed and checklist prepared by Martha Shane, April 1986 (under a grant from the Ford Foundation);updated finding aid by Anne Yoder, November 1997. This version of the finding aid by Wendy E. Chmielewski, October 2009.
Photographs, 1920-1921, of Quaker relief efforts in Hungary, Poland, Germany, Serbia and Austria and Russia (including the famine in 1921); Watercolor drawings of Russia by V. Mirolubovka; Maps, including hand-drawn maps of American Friends Service Committee relief work in Poland and the Soviet Union, 1921-1925; Scrapbook of newspaper clippings, articles, correspondence and a manuscript by Fry, 1925-1942.
- Women's Peace Campaign
- War Resisters' International
- National Council for Prevention of War (Great Britain)
- Friends' War Victims' Relief Committee (London, England)
- Friends' Emergency & War Victims' Relief Committee (London, England)
- Pacifists -- Great Britain -- History -- Sources
- Authors, English -- History -- Sources
- Peace Movements -- Great Britain -- History -- Sources
- Quakers -- Great Britain -- History -- Sources
- Women and Peace -- History -- Sources
- Quaker women -- Great Britain -- History -- Sources
- Peace -- Societies, etc. -- History -- Sources
- Conscientious objection -- Societies, etc. -- History -- Sources
- War relief -- History -- Sources
- World War, 1914-1918 -- War work -- Society of Friends -- Sources
- World War, 1914-1918 -- Civilian relief -- Sources
- International relief -- History -- Sources
- Charities -- France
- Social service -- France
- Swarthmore College Peace Collection
- Access Restrictions
- Copyright to the materials created by A. Ruth Fry has been transferred to the Swarthmore College Peace Collection. Copyright to all other materials is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
- Use Restrictions
Articles published in periodicals
Articles and letters to the editor published in newspapers
Articles published in pamphlets
Travel journals and/or reports, (Poland), (Soviet Union), (South Africa)
(removal sheets only)
(removal sheets only)