Held at: Free Library of Philadelphia: Children's Literature Research Collection [Contact Us]1901 Vine Street, Philadelphia, PA, 19103
This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the Free Library of Philadelphia: Children's Literature Research Collection. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.
Overview and metadata sections
(Mary) Carolyn Haywood, a lifelong Philadelphian, was born on January 3, 1898 to Mary Emma Cook Haywood and Charles Haywood. After graduating from Philadelphia High School for Girls, Carolyn attended Philadelphia Normal School and briefly taught at Friends Central School. Her true passion was art, however, and she enrolled in the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts (PAFA) on a scholarship in 1919. She received a travel award and spent a year in Europe, returning to graduate from PAFA in 1924.
Haywood considered herself a “grand-pupil” of the illustrator Howard Pyle, studying under several of his former students, notably Violet Oakley, Elizabeth Shippen Green, and Jessie Willcox Smith (known collectively as “The Red Rose Girls”). The Red Rose Girls influenced Haywood’s early style, as is evident in the book plates and Christmas cards in this collection. Another of Haywood’s strengths was portraiture, an example of which hangs in the Central Children’s Department at the main branch of the Free Library of Philadelphia. Haywood worked as a studio assistant to the artist Violet Oakley, who provided her with opportunities to paint murals around Philadelphia and at the Vassar College alumni house.
Haywood became interested in pursuing children’s book illustration, and brought some of her work to Harcourt, Brace and World juvenile book editor Elizabeth Hamilton. Hamilton liked Haywood’s work and suggested she also write a story “about little American children, doing the things that little American children like to do.” The result was 1939’s “B” Is for Betsy, marketed as a chapter book for beginning independent readers and serving as an introduction to one of Haywood’s most enduring characters. It was quickly followed by six more books for Harcourt, including Primrose Day. Haywood would later identify Primrose Day, a story about a British girl sent to America to escape World War II, as her favorite of her own books. Haywood followed Elizabeth Hamilton to William Morrow and Company, which published Little Eddie, the first of the “Eddie Wilson” books, in 1947.
Haywood illustrated several books written by other authors, but for the most part, wrote and illustrated her own works until the 1970s. After that point, while Haywood continued to write children’s books until her death, her works were illustrated by other artists, notably Glenyn and Victor Ambrus.
In interviews, Haywood explained that she drew her story ideas from her own childhood memories and from the children she knew. Many of her models influenced both the look of the characters in her children’s books and their conversational styles. In her unpublished autobiography, Haywood tells the story of the real-life model for "B" Is for Betsy, and every model received an autographed copy of the book in which he or she appeared. Haywood never married or had children of her own, but she frequently opened her Chestnut Hill home for neighborhood children to visit.
Well-reviewed throughout her career, and particularly appreciated by children’s librarians, Haywood received recognition for her work from organizations in the Philadelphia area. She received a citation from Drexel Institute of Technology Graduate School of Library Science in 1970, and the governor of Pennsylvania named her a “Distinguished Daughter of Pennsylvania” in 1967. Nationally, her Eddie and His Big Deals won the Boys’ Clubs of America Junior Book Award in 1956.
Carolyn Haywood passed away on January 11, 1990.
Carolyn Haywood Autobiography, box 2, folders 4-8, Carolyn Haywood papers, 1884-1991, Free Library of Philadelphia, Children’s Literature Research Collection.
Something About the Author vol. 75.
“Carolyn Haywood, 1898-1990,” Children’s Literature Review vol. 22.
This collection contains the personal and literary papers of children's author and illustrator Carolyn Haywood. The collection consists of manuscripts, final illustrations, color separations, corrected proofs, galley proofs, sketchbooks, both personal and business correspondence, clippings, audiocassettes, records, audiotapes, photographs, slides, tintypes, scrapbooks, diplomas, and awards.
Many of Carolyn Haywood’s friends and family are represented in the subject files, correspondence, and photographs of this collection. Carolyn Haywood was close to her younger brother, George B. Haywood (1901-1958). This collection includes photographs of George as a boy and a young man, correspondence between George and his sister, and a subject file Carolyn Haywood kept on her brother, which includes a few of his personal papers. Haywood also had a good relationship with her cousin Gale Lew née Wagenseller and her family. Many family photographs as well as correspondence with Gale are in this collection.
This collection houses a wealth of materials related to the "Red Rose Girls." Haywood kept subject files on Jessie Willcox Smith, Elizabeth Shippen Green (Elliott), and Violet Oakley, which include photographs of and clippings about the women and their work. There are also correspondence files with Jessie Willcox Smith and Violet Oakley, the latter of which is more extensive. Haywood maintained a frequent and longstanding correspondence with Violet Oakley and Oakley’s long-term companion, Edith Emerson. Oakley and Emerson, like Haywood, were members of the Christian Science church. This collection includes a subject file on Christian Science, as well as a cassette tape of a Christian Science lecture.
Haywood received her first piece of fan mail from a young girl named "Caroly"--Caroline Stuart McDougal--who became one of Haywood's frequent correspondents. She later became an editor, and in addition to a correspondence file, notes with Caroly's editorial comments can be found with some of Haywood's writings.
After Elizabeth Hamilton, Connie (Constance) Epstein was Haywood’s editor at William Morrow and Company. Epstein was also a friend, and is well-represented in this collection.
Haywood lived in Philadelphia her whole life and was involved with Philadelphia’s children book community. She frequently attended events at the Free Library of Philadelphia, where she mixed with Carolyn Field (Head of the Office of Work with Children) and local authors Lloyd Alexander, Katherine Milhous, and Marguerite de Angeli. This collection contains correspondence files with each, as well as a certificate illuminated by de Angeli that was presented to Haywood by the Drexel Institute of Technology Graduate School of Library Science.
Carolyn Haywood’s records were maintained by her secretary and literary executrix, Glenna Luizzi. After Haywood’s death, Luizzi completed her final manuscript for Eddie’s Friend, Boodles, published in 1991.
This collection is arranged in twelve series: I. Articles, stories, and speeches; II. Awards; III. Book manuscripts and illustrations; IV. Clippings and reprints; V. Correspondence; VI. Personal artwork; VII. Photographs and slides; VIII. Promotional materials; IX. Published volumes; X. Scrapbooks; XI. Sound recordings; XII. Subject files.
Series I. Articles, stories, and speeches are divided into two subseries, then arranged alphabetically by title. The subseries are: i. Fiction; ii. Non-Fiction.
Subseries II. Awards are arranged alphabetically by folder title.
Series III. Book manuscripts and illustrations are arranged alphabetically by title, with fifty-four subseries. The subseries are: i. The Adventures of Pinocchio; ii. Annie Pat and Eddie; iii. Autobiography; iv. Away Went the Balloons; v. "B" Is for Betsy; vi. Back to School with Betsy; vii. Betsy and Billy; viii. Betsy and the Boys; ix. Betsy and the Circus; x. Betsy and Mr. Kilpatrick; xi. Betsy's Little Star; xii. Betsy's Play School; xiii. Betsy's Winterhouse; xiv. "C" is for Cupcake; xv. The Country Cousin; xvi. Eddie and Gardenia; xvii. Eddie and His Big Deals; xviii. Eddie and Louella; xix. Eddie and the Fire Engine; xx. Eddie and Dog Holder; xxi. Eddie Makes Music; xxii. Eddie's Friend, Boodles; xxiii. Eddie's Green Thumb; xxiv. Eddie's Happenings; xxv. Eddie's Menagerie; xxvi. Eddie's Pay Dirt; xxvii. Eddie's Valuable Property; xxviii. Ever-Ready Eddie; xxix. Happy Birthday from Carolyn Haywood; xxx. Halloween Treats; xxxi. Hello, Star; xxxii. Here Comes the Bus!; xxxiii. Here's a Penny; xxxiv. How the Reindeer Saved Santa; xxxv. Junior; xxxvi. The King's Monster; xxxvii. Little Eddie; xxxviii. Make a Joyful Noise!; xxxix. Merry Christmas from Betsy; xl. Merry Christmas from Eddie; xli. Mixed-Up Twins; xlii. Penny Goes to Camp; xliii. Penny and Peter; xliv. The Pine Barrens Mystery; xlv. Primrose Day; xlvi. Robert Rows the River; xlvii. Santa Claus Forever!; xlviii. Snowbound with Betsy; xlix. Summer Fun; l. A Sundae with Judy; li. Taffy and Melissa Molasses; lii. Two and Two Are Four; liii. A Valentine Fantasy; liv. Unidentified works. Within each subseries, materials are arranged in probable order of creation.
Series IV. Clippings and reprints are divided into two subseries. The subseries are: i. Book reviews; ii. Articles about Carolyn Haywood. Book reviews are arranged alphabetically by book title. Articles are arranged by author.
Series V. Correspondence are divided into two subseries. The subseries are: i. Business correspondence; ii. Personal correspondence. Within each subseries, materials are arranged alphabetically by correspondent.
Series VI. Personal artwork is arranged alphabetically by folder title, with two subseries for Christmas cards and Sketchbooks.
Series VII. Photographs and slides are divided into three subseries. The subseries are: i. Artwork-related photographs; ii. Carolyn Haywood, family, and friends; iii. Color slides of travel. Within each subseries, the photographs are arranged alphabetically by folder title.
Series VIII. Promotional materials alphabetically by title.
Series IX. Published volumes are divided into two subseries for Books by Carolyn Haywood and Books by other authors. Within each subseries, books are arranged alphabetically; by title in the first subseries and by author in the second.
Series X. Scrapbooks are arranged alphabetically by title.
Series XI. Sound recordings are arranged alphabetically by title, with two subseries for "Carnival of Books" and "Carolyn Haywood reading."
Series XII. Subject files are arranged alphabetically by folder title, with one subseries for Diplomas.
Gift of Carolyn Haywood and her estate, 1975-2008.
- Alexander, Lloyd -- Correspondence
- Ambrus, Glenys -- Correspondence
- Ambrus, Victor G. -- Correspondence
- Breckenridge, Hugh H. (Hugh Henry), 1870-1937 -- Correspondence
- Cozens, Henrietta
- De Angeli, Marguerite, 1889-1987 -- Correspondence
- Elliott, Elizabeth Shippen Green
- Emerson, Edith, 1888-1965 -- Correspondence
- Epstein, Connie C.
- Field, Carolyn W., 1916-2010
- Haywood, Carolyn, 1898-1990
- Haywood, George
- Haywood, Mary Emma Cook
- Klauder, Elfrieda
- Lew, Gale Wagenseller
- Milhous, Katherine, 1894- -- Correspondence
- Oakley, Violet , 1874-1961
- Pomfret, John E. (John Edwin), 1898-1981 -- Correspondence
- Roelofs, Helen Hooker O’Malley, 1905-1993 -- Correspondence
- Smith, Jessie Willcox, 1863-1935
- Dell Publishing Company. -- Correspondence
- Green Tiger Press. -- Correspondence
- Harcourt Brace & Company. -- Correspondence
- Kerlan Collection. -- Correspondence
- Manayunk National Bank. (Firm).
- Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. -- Correspondence
- Pocket Books. -- Correspondence
- Saul, Ewing, Remick & Saul. -- Correspondence
- Strawberry Mansion (Museum : Philadelphia, Pa.). -- Correspondence
- University of Minnesota. College of Education. -- Correspondence
- University of Southern Mississippi. -- Correspondence
- William Morrow and Company. -- Correspondence
- Woodmere Art Gallery. -- Correspondence
- Children's authors--20th century
- Children's literature--20th century
- Illustrated children's books--20th century
- Illustration of books--20th century
- Free Library of Philadelphia: Children's Literature Research Collection
- The processing of this collection was made possible through generous funding from The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, administered through the Council on Library and Information Resources’ “Cataloging Hidden Special Collections and Archives” Project.
- Access Restrictions
This collection is open to researchers by appointment. Please contact the Curator for information on access.
- Use Restrictions
The right of access to material does not imply the right of publication. Permission for reprinting, reproduction, or extensive quotation from the rare books, manuscripts, prints, or drawings must be obtained through written application, stating the use to be made of the material. The reader bears the responsibility for any possible infringement of copyright laws in the publication of such material. A reproduction fee will be charged if the material is to be reproduced in a commercial publication. Some of the materials in this collection may be too fragile for use without the Curator’s supervision.
"The Gift" appeared in the Today magazine of the Philadelphia Inquirer, December 24, 1978, pages 12-13, with illustrations by Jean Gardner.
Haywood adapted her short story into a scenario for a film/TV script, never produced.
Date of circa 1937 is derived from information in Haywood's unpublished autobiography: she began working on a Marco Polo picture book before "Pinky Puppet," part of which was later published as "Little Clown Puppet"
An illustrated poem entitled "Little Clown Puppet," written and illustrated by Haywood, appeared in the first issue of Jack and Jill: The Magazine for Boys and Girls in November, 1938. The illustrations folder includes unpublished material.
The Book of Honor is a leather-bound tome illuminated by Carolyn Haywood that chronicles the lives of notable women. It was commissioned by the board of directors (the Committee of 1926) of Historic Strawberry Mansion, where it resides as of 2011.
These series of anecdotes, written from the perspective of a former camp director, seem to be autobiographical in nature.
Working titles include "A Salute to Editors" and "Come Right Over!"
This article appeared in Harold Darling and Peter Neumeyer, eds. Image and Maker: An Annual Dedicated to the Consideration of Book Illustration (La Jolla, CA: Green Tiger Press, 1984). The folder also contains photographs of Smith and letters from the Green Tiger Press.
Manuscript note on verso: "Written by Carolyn Haywood at the request of Drexel Institute for cornerstone laying for new library. Part may be included with contents for corner stone."
This was probably originally delivered as a speech in 1959, at the opening of what is now the Korman Center of Drexel University. It was later adapted into an article distributed to newspapers by the Pennsylvania Library Association during National Library Week in 1964. Together with similar articles by others, it was printed in a pamphlet entitled "Libraries and Reading: Their Importance in the Lives of Famous Americans," ed. Donald H. Hunt, Drexel Library School Series 8 (Drexel Press: Philadelphia, 1964).
Speech delivered at Children's Prose Festival in Philadelphia.
Book manuscripts and illustrations are in alphabetical order by book title. Within each title, materials are arranged in probable order of creation: manuscripts are placed at the beginning of the subseries, followed by illustrations, and finally proofs.
Handwritten note by Carolyn Haywood: "These illustrations were submitted by Carolyn Haywood in a competition. They were never accepted so never used."
Working titles for Carolyn Haywood's autobiography included "Circle of Small Friends" and "The Children and I"
Related materials in this folder include a pamphlet on Jessie Willcox Smith exhibition, clippings of Violet Oakley's work, and similar items; and pamphlets from the Drexel Graduate School of Library Science citations given to Carolyn Haywood (1970) and Lloyd Alexander (1972).
The final art for the book jacket doubles as page 63, and page 17 doubles for the title page.
This unused chapter featuring Betsy was likely intended for Betsy's Winterhouse.
This chapter was omitted from the published version of Eddie the Dog Holder.
Working title "Trick or Treat."
Includes some stories that did not appear in the final version, such as "Christmas Carols and the Birthday Tree" (previously published in Betsy's Winterhouse and Merry Christmas from Betsy).
Working title "Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star."
Working titles included "Rosemary and the Egg" and "Mandy and the Egg."
Working title: "Santa Claus and His Sleigh"
This unpublished manuscript has uncharacteristically dark themes for Haywood's work. It is about a troubled fourth-grader named Junior whose father is in prison for selling heroin. The story deals with issues including bullying, domestic violence, and sexual abuse.
Housed with Children's Literature Research Collection original framed artwork.
Working titles include "The Troubles of Santa Claus," "Shall Santa Claus Retire?" "Santa Claus Decides to Retire," "Santa Claus' Great Decision," and "Santa Claus story."
Includes letter from David Reuther at Morrow Junior Books.
This article was the keynote address at the Drexel University and the Free Library of Philadelphia's conference on "The Forgotten Child" in April 1970.
Carolyn Haywood maintained records for both personal and business correspondence. Her earliest personal correspondence was housed in a box labeled "family letters" and had no original order. The business correspondence was mainly kept in folders identified and arranged by her secretary and executrix, Glenna Luizzi.
Many of her business letters were from organizations requesting donations of her work. A portion of the folders consist of letters from publishing houses that were reprinting her work. Other letters are from various organizations of which Haywood was a member. Correspondence after Carolyn Haywood's death regarding the publication of Eddie's Friend, Boodles was kept between Ms. Luizzi, Haywood's lawyers, at Saul, Ewing, Remick, and Saul, and her publishers, William Morrow and Company. Carolyn Haywood also received fan letters throughout her career, many of which were from large classes of school children. Her friend and editor Connie Epstein is represented in the William Morrow and Company folders.
Her personal correspondence is made up of letters from family members and friends. Many folders hold only one letter from the correspondent. The bulk of the letters from her mother, Mary Emma Cook Haywood, and from Violet Oakley, were written during Carolyn Haywood's trip to Europe in 1922.
Includes letters from classes of school children, most of which are oversized.
Includes letters from Carolyn Field.
Includes color copies of photographs of children and two book jackets that were used as examples for the French publication of Penny and Peter.
Includes one photograph of Elizabeth Hamilton.
Includes a program for "Books about Negro Life for Children" by Augusta Baker.
Includes catalog and calendar of Pocket Books from 1979.
Includes one photograph of Carolyn Haywood and Connie Epstein.
Includes three photographs of Victor, Glenys, and their children.
Contains three Christmas cards.
Includes ten photographs of children from Cornell School, Okemos, MI.
Includes a postcard and typescript titled, "The Sabbath Day."
Includes one photograph of children and family members.
Includes three photographs of unidentified children and a short story written by Carolyn Haywood titled "Letters from Caroline." Caroline wrote Carolyn Haywood her first fan letter for "'B' is for Betsy" and later became an editor for one of Haywood's books.
Includes three photographs, two of Carolyn Haywood and one of Florence, Italy.
Includes a telegram, two photographs of an unidentified woman, three postcards from the Swiss Alps, and a photograph of a square in Paris.
Includes bookplate designed by Elizabeth Shippen Green Elliott for Henrietta Cozens.
This item is located in the Central Children's Department.
A note written by Carolyn Haywood that is mounted with the illustration says: "This is the illustration I showed to Elizabeth Hamilton that made her suggest I write and illustrate for children."
Sketches and notes are probably for an Eddie book, possibly Ever-Ready Eddie.
Includes notes and sketches for Robert Rows the River and Taffy and Melissa Molasses.
Includes notes and sketches for Robert Rows the River and Merry Christmas from Betsy.
Includes sketches for Eddie the Dog Holder.
Includes notes and sketches probably for Eddie Makes Music.
Includes notes and sketches relating to: religious topics, "C" is for Cupcake, Eddie's Valuable Property.
Includes sketches probably for Eddie Makes Music and Betsy's Winterhouse.
Includes notes and sketches, drawings of an old town, and a recipe for "Hot Fig Dessert." Page 31 is dated January 9th, 1962.
Includes notes and sketches for Eddie and Louella.
Includes notes and sketches for Eddie’s Happenings.
Includes sketches and outlines for Away Went the Balloons, Eddie's Green Thumb, and Taffy and Melissa Molasses.
The subseries "Artwork-related photographs" contains three albums of photographs of Carolyn Haywood's finished paintings. Photographs found with Correspondence or Subject files were kept in their original order under their respective series. The photographs have been removed from the albums and placed in mylar for preservation purposes.
Photographs of Carolyn Haywood with her grandmother can be found in the folder "Cook, Mary." Copies of photographs of her great grandmother can be found in the "Leigh, Margaret" folder.
Includes a photograph of a Drexel University Graduate School of Library Science citation to Lloyd Alexander, illuminated by Carolyn Haywood, March 23, 1972.
Photographs of Margaret Leigh are copies; the original is not in this collection.
Includes photograph of colored pencil and pastel portrait of Carolyn Haywood by Malthe Hasselriis.
The first tintype, from July 1888, shows four young women; the woman farthest to the right is likely Carolyn Haywood's mother, Mary Emma Cook Haywood. The second tintype of a young boy is likely Carolyn Haywood's brother, George.
This series contains almost all of the 29 books Haywood wrote in the first three decades of her career (not including Taffy and Melissa Molasses, 1969), uniformly 3/4 bound in modern blue calf over marbled paper boards, gold-stamped, with top edge gilt.
Found in Eleanor Bradley's apartment by Adele Panofsky and sent to Haywood in 1989. It includes photographs, clippings, cards, and correspondence. Items have been removed from scrapbook for preservation purposes.
This scrapbook consists mostly of newspaper clippings, with one photograph and one letter. It has been disbound, and blank pages discarded for preservation purposes.
This scrapbook consists of photographs, clippings, and invitations. It was probably assembled by Caroline Stuart McDougal or "Mary Ann [Marian]." Items were photocopied in situ and then removed from the self-adhesive pages for preservation purposes.
"Carnival of Books" was a radio broadcast focused on children's books that was carried by the National Broadcasting Company (NBC) in the 1950s. Developed and written by Ruth Harshaw, it featured a different book weekly. An excerpt of the book, adapted for the radio, was performed by actors, and the author was also interviewed about the book.
Source: Mary K. Eakin, "Educational News and Editorial Comment," The Elementary School Journal Vol. 52, No. 3 (Nov., 1951): pp. 125-134.
Includes "Mr. Kilpatrick's Birthday," from Betsy and the Circus and "What Eddie Brought Home" from Little Eddie.
Together in record sleeve with another LP: Patricia May, "What Christmas Means to Me" and "Angel of Love" (Parkway Records, 1962. D.J. copy).
This appears to be Haywood's dictation of an early draft of the story "The Picnic," published in Summer Fun.
Carolyn Haywood kept subject files on a variety of subjects of interest to her. After her death, these files were kept and augmented, most likely by her secretary and executrix Glenna Luizzi. A wealth of biographical and genealogical information can be found in this series in the “Biographical notes” file and in the files on Haywood’s brother George Haywood, mother Mary Emma Cook Haywood, and cousin Gale Wagenseller Lew. Records include a family tree, obituaries, financial information, report cards, death certificates, and other personal information on Haywood and members of her family. Further insight into Haywood’s professional life, honors, and travels can be found in the subjects files for “Diplomas,” “Financial records,” “Passports,” and “Murals by Carolyn Haywood.” Haywood’s lifelong mentors Jessie Willcox Smith, Violet Oakley, and Elizabeth Shippen Green Elliot are also well-represented. Slides, greeting cards, bookplates, clippings, photographs, and other ephemera related to these famous illustrators’ work may be found in their respective subject files.
Original order has been maintained as far as was practicable in the subject files. Unless otherwise stated, correspondence with any of the subjects listed below is in the Correspondence series. Further information about Violet Oakley, Oakley’s companion Edith Emerson, and members of Haywood’s family may also be found in the Correspondence and Photographs series.
Includes programs from 'The Fairytale-Tours of Denmark," a trip Haywood took on the Clipper Line's Stella Polaris.
Includes membership lists, by-laws, and constitutions for The Fellowship of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Friends of the Bryn Mawr College Library, The Philadelphia Water Color Club, The Cosmopolitan Club of Philadelphia, and The Authors' Guild, Inc.
Includes a copy of the invocation for induction into Distinguished Daughters of Pennsylvania in 1969, programs, articles, invitations, correspondence with Connie Epstein, and a photograph of Haywood with Ruth Weir Miller, Virginia Knauer, and Mary C. Stackpole.
Includes two photographs of Emerson.
Includes records of George Haywood’s army service, tax returns, and estate settlement, as well as a charcoal portrait of him by Carolyn Haywood.
This file contains information about murals done by Carolyn Haywood, including those done at the Manayunk National Bank of Philadelphia. It includes correspondence, a Certificate of Copyright Registration, contracts, articles, a photograph of the mural at Manayunk National Bank, three photographs of the murals at the auditorium of the Hamilton Disston School, and one unidentified photograph.
The Violet Oakley subject files include two photographs of murals by Violet Oakley from the series "The Creation and Preservation of the Union" in the Senate Chamber at the State Capital of Pennsylvania (1920). Also included are an article about the Red Rose Girls, a copy of the Philadelphia Museum of Art Bulletin about the work of Violet Oakley (1979), an article about the Vassar College Alumnae House sent to Carolyn Haywood, two photographs of Violet Oakley, one photograph of Oakley with Edith Emerson, and an oversized photograph of a portrait of Mrs. Elon Huntington Hooker by Violet Oakley.
Includes correspondence regarding an article Carolyn Haywood was writing about Smith.
The Vassar College Alumanae House's painted decorations were designed by Violet Oakley. Carolyn Haywood and Edith Emerson worked as her assistants on the project. This file includes five photographs of Violet Oakley and Carolyn Haywood painting the ceiling from a scaffolding. There are also four drawings of Vassar buildings by Carolyn Haywood, and several articles about the project.