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Lewis-Fussell Family Papers

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Held at: Friends Historical Library of Swarthmore College [Contact Us]500 College Avenue, Swarthmore, Pennsylvania 19081

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the Friends Historical Library of Swarthmore College. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Overview and metadata sections

Bartholomew Fussell was a Quaker minister who married Rebecca Bond at Abington Monthly Meeting in Pennsylvania in 1781. He was a member of Uwchlan Monthly Meeting of Friends at his death in 1838. The couple had eight children, viz. Esther, William, Sarah, Joseph, Jacob, Bartholomew, Rebecca, and Solomon. Esther married John Lewis in 1818, and they had four children, among whom was Graceanna Lewis, Quaker scientist and humanitarian. Joseph Fussell married Elizabeth Moore in 1814, and their eldest son, Henry Bartholomew, married Maria Lewis. Rebecca Fussell married Joseph Trimble in 1837, and their only daughter, Esther Jane, married Isaac Lippincott.

Graceanna Lewis (1821-1912) is the most prominent of the members of the Lewis and Fussell families included in this collection. Her mother, Esther Fussell Lewis (1782-1848), and later for a time Graceanna herself, managed the family farm near Kimberton, Chester County, Pennsylvania. Educated at Kimberton Boarding School, Graceanna at various times supported herself as a schoolteacher, beginning in York, Pa., from 1842-1844 where she taught at a boarding school for girls managed by her uncle, Bartholomew Fussell. While she was devoted to social reform, working for abolition of slavery, temperance, and women's rights, by the 1860s her efforts were directed mostly to the sciences, especially ornithology and botany. After intensive studies in the sciences in the 1860s in Philadelphia, Graceanna Lewis was elected to the Academy of Natural Sciences in Philadelphia in 1870. She applied unsuccessfully for teaching posts in 1868 and 1877 at Vassar College after which she resumed teaching at preparatory schools, including the Foster School for Girls at Clifton Springs, N.Y. from 1883-1885. In 1885 Graceanna Lewis retired to Media, Pensylvnia, where she spent her remaining years. She applied her artistic talents to her study of science, and the Lewis Papers contain many of her drawings of plants and birds.

The collection also includes the correspondence (1836-1890) of Henry Bartholomew Fussell (1815-1890) with his observations on politics and the Civil War, and that of Linnaeus Fussell (1842-1907) joined the Union army but soon became a Navy doctor. Many of his letters describe his travels while in the Navy, especially in China and other parts of Asia, 1867-69, while aboard the U.S.S. Unadilla. A few letters mention the Darien expedition (near Panama) in 1871. The early life of the artist, Charles Lewis Fussell is mentioned in the correspondence of his mother, Rebecca Lewis Fussell; the letters of the former are also part of this collection. Other correspondents include Rebecca F. Trimble, Esther Jane Trimble, Esther Lewis, Henry M. Fussell, Rebecca L. Fussell, and many other family members.

The collection contains correspondence, journals, other writings, account books, albums, photographs, and miscellaneous notes of members of the Lewis and Fussell families of Chester and Delaware Counties in Pennsylvania. Includes the papers and drawings of Graceanna Lewis, prominent Quaker natural scientist and social reformer. Educated at the Kimberton Boarding School, she also taught at a number of female seminaries, including a boarding school managed by her uncle, Bartholomew Fussell, and the Foster School for Girls at Clifton Springs, N.Y. Of particular interest is her correspondence with a cousin concerning phrenology and a school for black children in which he was teaching, and her manuscript memoirs of the Underground Railroad. The collection also includes the correspondence (1836-90) of Henry B. Fussell, with his observations on politics and the Civil War, and that of Linnaeus Fussell, with descriptions of his travels in China and in other parts of Asia from 1867-69 while aboard the U.S.S. Unadilla. The early life of the artist, Charles Lewis Fussell is mentioned in the correspondence of his mother, Rebecca Lewis Fussell; the letters of the former are also part of this collection. Other correspondents include Rebecca F. Trimble, Esther Jane Trimble, Esther Lewis, Henry M. Fussell, Rebecca L. Fussell, and many other family members.

The collection is divided into nine series:

  1. Biographical and genealogical
  2. Correspondence
  3. Drawings
  4. Diaries
  5. Writings
  6. Albums and account books
  7. Photographs
  8. Miscellaneous
  9. Relics

Donor: Purchase, 1980

The collection was purchased from Sarah Fussell Macaulay who arranged and annotated the papers.

Letters and papers of the Lewis and Fussell families were arranged and annotated by Sarah Fussell Macaulay. Papers arranged, stored in documents boxes in Record Group 5. Sarah Fussell Macaulay's annotations photocopied on acid-free paper and placed with corresponding letters and documents.

Oversize drawings (see Ser. 3), originally part of the collection, are stored in FHL Chart Case, Lewis-Fussell.

Publisher
Friends Historical Library of Swarthmore College
Finding Aid Author
FHL staff
Finding Aid Date
1980
Sponsor
Encoding made possible by a grant by the Gladys Kriebel Delmas Foundation to the Philadelphia Consortium of Special Collections Libraries
Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Note that the bulk of the material relating to Graceanna Lewis has been digitized and is available in our Digital Library. Explore this collection online.

Use Restrictions

Some of the items in this collection may be protected by copyright. The user is solely responsible for making a final determination of copyright status. If copyright protection applies, permission must be obtained from the copyright holder or their heirs/assigns to reuse, publish, or reproduce relevant items beyond the bounds of Fair Use or other exemptions to the law. See http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/UND/1.0/.

Collection Inventory

Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Fan chart of the Lewis and Fussell families, 1863.
Box 1
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Genealogy of the Fussell Family by Edwin Neal Fussell, 1891.
Box 1
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Genealogical notes by Graceanna Lewis, [1905].
Box 1
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Genealogical notes by Esther Fussell Lewis, undated.
Box 1
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Genealogical notes by Graceanna Lewis, undated.
Box 1
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Genealogical notes concerning Welsh and Irish descent of the Fussell family by Graceanna Lewis, undated.
Box 1
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Genealogical notes by Henry Moore Fussell Jr., undated.
Box 1
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Genealogical material on the Foulke family, 1898 and undated.
Box 1
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Genealogical notes, author unknown, undated.
Box 1
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Bartholomew Longstreth: Certificate of character, 1698-1699.
Box 1
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Jacob Fussell: Memorial, 1791.
Box 1
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Edward Longstreth: Memorial, 1831.
Box 1
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Biographical material, 1875-1976 and undated.
A00180201. Underground Railroad memoir, undated.
Scope and Contents

5 pages. Graceanna Lewis recalls her experience working in the Underground Railroad and talks about different Quaker abolitionists in Pennsylvania.

Subjects: Slavery; Antislavery movements; Underground Railroad

Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. The Lewis and Vincent Township farms, 1952 and undated.
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Bartholomew Fussell: Memorial, 1871 and 1924.
Box 1
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Linnaeus Fussell: Memorial, 1907.
Box 1
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Obituaries of various members of the Fussell family, 1862-1978.
Box 1
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Pikeland Graveyard material, 1878-1923 and undated.
Box 1
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Miscellaneous, 1936 and undated.
Box 1
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Solomon Fussell: Indenture, 1741.
Box 1
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. William Jeanes: Will and Appraisal of Goods, 1747-1782.
Box 1
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. John Lewis: Will, 1775.
Box 1
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. John Lewis Sr.: Will, 1823.
Box 1
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Mary Lewis: Will, 1823.
Box 1
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Elizabeth R. Lewis: Will, 1856.
Box 1
Physical Description

1 folder

A00185762. Graceanna Lewis: Will, 1903.
Box 1
Scope and Contents

12 pages. Two drafts of Graceanna Lewis's last will and testament accompanied by a note about the document from her cousin Joseph A. Bond.

Subjects: Wills; Lewis, Graceanna, 1821-1912

Relevant locations: Media (Pa.)

Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Emily Roberts Fussell: Will, 1946-1947.
Box 1
Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

1 folder

A00183918. Esther Fussell Lewis letter to Edwin Fussell and Rebecca Lewis Fussell, 1841.
Scope and Contents

4 pages.

Subjects: Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Pendleton (Ind.)

A00183932. Esther Fussell Lewis letter to Edwin Fussell and Rebecca Lewis Fussell, 1841-05-29.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Passes on news of friends and family. Mentions various reform-oriented periodicals, including Lydia Maria Child's "National Anti-Slavery Standard." Tells the story of spreading antislavery ideas to a friend or neighbor, including lending them a copy of Theodore Weld's "Slavery as it is." Discusses a recipe for laundry detergent found by Elizabeth and Graceanna Lewis.

Subjects: Antislavery movements; Laundry

Relevant locations: West Vincent (Pa. : Township); Pendleton (Ind.)

A00183933. Abby Kimber, Esther Fussell Lewis, Mariann Lewis, and Graceanna Lewis letter to Rebecca Lewis Fussell, 1842-02-05-1842-04-14.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Abby Kimber's part of the letter discusses at length experiments with "Phreno-Magnetism" (apparently a combination of phrenology and animal magnetism or hypnotism) performed on Gertrude Kimber Burleigh by Emmor Kimber, who put her in a trance and then touched the various phrenological "organs" on her skull and observed her behavior. Esther Lewis's part of the letter, dictated to Mariann Lewis and dated 1843, discusses news of friends and family, including a problem with her foot that prevented her from walking for several weeks and the recent formation of a temperance pledge society nearby. Mariann Lewis's part of the letter discusses the travel-plans of Fussell's husband Edwin. Graceanna Lewis's part of the letter discusses her life in York, where she worked as a teacher in her uncle Bartholomew Fussell's school.

Subjects: Phrenology; Animal magnetism; Hypnotism; Psychology--Experiments; Temperance--Societies, etc.; Women teachers

Relevant locations: East Pikeland (Pa. : Township); West Vincent (Pa. : Township); York (Pa.); Pendleton (Ind.)

A00183934. Esther Fussell Lewis letter to Edwin Fussell and Rebecca Lewis Fussell, 1842-02-19.
Scope and Contents

2 pages.

Subjects: Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: East Pikeland (Pa. : Township); Pendleton (Ind.)

A00183935. Esther Ann Fussell Jacobs, Esther Fussell Lewis, and Mariann Lewis letter to Graceanna Lewis, 1842-05-01.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Passes on news of friends and family, including an upcoming wedding and tidings of Graceanna Lewis's sister Rebecca Lewis Fussell. Discusses preparations for Yearly Meeting.

Subjects: Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: West Vincent (Pa. : Township); York (Pa.)

A00185609. Esther Fussell Lewis and Elizabeth Lewis letter to Graceanna Lewis, 1842-06-26.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Discusses Elizabeth Dunkin's recovery from an injury she recently sustained. Briefly discusses a letter from James Sloan Gibbons giving his views on being disowned by the Society of Friends for his abolitionist views. Mentions a recent lightning strike that set fire to the office of Dr. Edwin Fussell. Describes a trip to French Creek. Says their young relative Benjamin Lundy has "a pretty large bump of 'self-esteem,'" perhaps a phrenological reference.

Subjects: Personal correspondence; Accidents; Gibbons, J. S. (James Sloan), 1810-1892

Relevant locations: West Vincent (Pa. : Township); York (Pa.)

A00185632. Esther Fussell Lewis, Esther Ann Fussell Jacobs, and Elizabeth Lewis letter to Graceanna Lewis, 1842-05-15.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Esther Lewis's part of the letter passes on news of friends, family, and the recent Yearly Meeting; mentions that Graceanna Lewis's sister Mariann is copying out a work of Simón Bolívar for Gertrude Kimber Burleigh; and discusses milking and butter-making. Esther Ann Fussell's part discusses a recent wedding; a speech given by Charles C. Burleigh at an antislavery meeting; an older Quaker's objection to Burleigh on the grounds that he was a "hireling" minister; and a faux pas involving letter-writing. Elizabeth Lewis's part discusses attending Yearly Meeting, mentioning the "anti-abolitionism" of Rachel Barker.

Subjects: Personal correspondence; Quaker abolitionists; Women abolitionists

Relevant locations: West Vincent (Pa. : Township); York (Pa.)

A00185747. Esther Ann Fussell Jacobs and Esther Fussell Lewis letter to Graceanna Lewis, 1842-06-30.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Esther Ann Fussell's part of the letter discusses the beauty of the falls at French Creek, comments on Edwin Fussell's idea of moving to a utopian community, and gives recent news of friends and family. Esther Lewis's part of the letter discusses whether or not Graceanna Lewis should continue to teach at her uncle's school in York, Pennsylvania, and passes on news of friends and family.

Subjects: Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: West Vincent (Pa. : Township); York (Pa.)

A00185748. Esther Fussell Lewis letter to Edwin Fussell and Rebecca Lewis Fussell, 1842-09-17.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Discusses the birth of Edwin and Rebecca's son Linnaeus Fussell, as well as Gertrude Kimber's decision to leave the Society of Friends in order to marry Charles C. Burleigh.

Subjects: Fussell, Linnaeus, 1842-1907; Burleigh, Gertrude Kimber; Burleigh, Charles C. (Charles Calistus), 1810-1878

Relevant locations: West Vincent (Pa. : Township); Pendleton (Ind.)

A00185749. Esther Fussell Lewis and Mariann Lewis letter to Graceanna Lewis, 1842-09-29.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Describes Esther Ann Fussell's attack of a bilious intermittent disease. Passes on news of friends and family, including the birth of Graceanna Lewis's nephew Linnaeus Fussell. Discusses arrangements for the wedding of Gertrude Kimber and Charles C. Burleigh, including the attitude of Kimber's father toward Burleigh.

Subjects: Fussell, Linnaeus, 1842-1907; Burleigh, Gertrude Kimber; Burleigh, Charles C. (Charles Calistus), 1810-1878

Relevant locations: West Vincent (Pa. : Township); York (Pa.)

A00185750. Esther Fussell Lewis, Mariann Lewis, and Elizabeth Lewis letter to Edwin Fussell and Rebecca Lewis Fussell, 1842-12-13.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Dictated by Esther Fussell Lewis to Mariann Lewis, who, with Elizabeth Lewis, has added a good deal of news. Esther's part answers Edwin and Rebecca's request for advice about joining a communal settlement, urging strongly against joining. Elizabeth's part reproduces, from Graceanna Lewis's letter of 1842-10-12 (A00179475), a description of an experiment involving animal magnetism and phrenology performed on Rachel Wright.

Subjects: Collective settlements; Phrenology; Animal magnetism

Relevant locations: West Vincent (Pa. : Township); York (Pa.); Pendleton (Ind.)

A00185751. Esther Fussell Lewis letter to Elizabeth R. Hardy and Rebecca Lewis Fussell, approximately 1843.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Objects to Rebecca Fussell's idea of joining a communal settlement.

Subjects: Collective settlements

Relevant locations: Marion County (Ind.)

A00185752. Esther Fussell Lewis letter to Graceanna Lewis, 1843-09-12.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Refers to several recent antislavery and temperance meetings at which James Miller McKim, Lucretia Mott, Charles C. Burleigh, and others spoke. Passes on news of friends and family.

Subjects: Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: West Vincent (Pa. : Township); York (Pa.)

A00185753. Esther Fussell Lewis letter to Graceanna Lewis, 1843-05-28.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Discusses Esther Lewis's objections to her son-in-law Edwin Fussell's idea of joining a collective settlement. Discusses lectures recently given in the area. Tells a story of a blind phrenologist performing an examination on one Valentine Nicholson and essentially telling his fortune via phrenology.

Subjects: Collective settlements; Phrenology; Fortune-tellers

Relevant locations: West Vincent (Pa. : Township); York (Pa.)

A00185754. Esther Fussell Lewis to Rebecca Fussell Trimble, 1844-04-24.
Scope and Contents

4 pages.

Subjects: Trimble, Rebecca F. (Rebecca Fussell), 1796-1882; Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: West Vincent (Pa. : Township); Radnor (Pa.)

A00185755. Graceanna Lewis, Esther Fussell Lewis, Rebecca Fussell Trimble, and Elizabeth Lewis letter to Woolston and Mary Swain, 1845-12-20.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Graceanna Lewis's part of the letter apologizes for not writing sooner, asks after the Swains, and mentions that the family was employing a "fugitive" (freedom seeker) as a maid. Esther Lewis's part discusses her health, the crop failure in Europe and its effect on grain prices in the United States, and news of friends and family. Rebecca Trimble's part discusses her recent trip to Baltimore, Yearly Meeting, and news of family and friends. Elizabeth "Libby" Lewis's part discusses news of family and friends, Charles C. Burleigh's recent work on capital punishment, and his brother Cyrus Burleigh. The final paragraph, by Graceanna Lewis, discusses the "terrible evil" of the potential annexation of Texas into the United States as a slave state.

Subjects: Personal correspondence; Burleigh, Charles C. (Charles Calistus), 1810-1878; Texas--Annexation to the United States

Relevant locations: Chester Springs (Pa.); Pendleton (Ind.)

A00185756. Esther Fussell Lewis letter to Joseph Fussell, Elizabeth Moore Fussell, and their children, 1847-05-04.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Full list of addressees: Joseph Fussell, Elizabeth Moore Fussell, Rebecca Bond Fussell Rogers, Mary Jane Fussell Hodges, Elizabeth Moore Fussell Lewis, and John Lewis Fussell.

Subjects: Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: West Vincent (Pa. : Township)

A00185757. Memoir of Esther Fussell Lewis, 1848.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Likely written by Graceanna Lewis, Esther Lewis's daughter. Acknowledges Lewis's antislavery activism and participation in the Underground Railroad.

Subjects: Lewis, Esther, 1782-1848; Biography

A00185758. Rebecca Bond Fussell letter to Esther Fussell Lewis, approximately 1800-1848.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Discusses Fussell's grandmother Esther Brewer Jeanes.

Subjects: Quaker women

A00185759. Hannah Lewis Fussell letter to Esther Fussell Lewis, approximately 1836-1848.
Scope and Contents

3 pages.

Subjects: Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Madison County (Ind.); West Vincent (Pa. : Township)

A00185760. Esther Fussell Lewis letter to Rebecca Lewis Fussell, approximately 1840-1848.
Scope and Contents

1 page. Encloses wool stockings for Fussell and her children.

Subjects: Hosiery

A00185761. Jane Foulke Fussell and Esther Ann Fussell Jacobs letter to Edwin Fussell and Rebecca Lewis Fussell, approximately 1838-1875.
Scope and Contents

4 pages.

Subjects: Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Pendleton (Ind.)

A00185763. Esther Fussell Lewis and Graceanna Lewis letter to Edwin Fussell and Rebecca Lewis Fussell, 1841-11-14.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Esther Lewis's part quotes extensively from a letter from Jacob Fussell, who witnessed several auctions of enslaved people while in Richmond, Virginia; passes on news of family and friends; and discusses the family's crop yield. Graceanna Lewis's part alludes to Rebecca Fussell's antislavery activism, discusses Edwin Fussell's ambivalence about remaining in the Society of Friends and Lewis's own feelings about the Society and its position on slavery.

Subjects: Slavery; Slave trade; Slavery and the church--Society of Friends

Relevant locations: West Vincent (Pa. : Township); Pendleton (Ind.); Richmond (Va.)

Physical Description

1 folder

A00183860. Graceanna Lewis letter to Esther Fussell Lewis; Rebecca Lewis Fussell letter to Edwin Fussell, 1843-08-09.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Lewis apologizes for having made her mother uneasy by writing to Gertrude Kimber Burleigh, apparently about delivering an antislavery speech in York. Discusses her anger over the recent capture of three freedom seekers (people who escaped slavery) near her and the passivity of those around her. Says she tried writing a speech to deliver publicly but felt she was not up to the task. Reassures her mother that she will take care of herself while doing antislavery work. Asks about various meetings, including one of the Society for Universal Inquiry and Reform. Discusses the travels of her aunt and uncle, who saw Lucretia Mott speak at a temperance and antislavery picnic. A faded letter written between the lines of page 1 is likely from Rebecca Lewis Fussell to her husband Edwin Fussell; it discusses the family's financial situation.

Subjects: Antislavery movements; Fugitive slaves; Women social reformers; Women abolitionists

Relevant locations: York (Pa.); Chester County (Pa.)

A00179465. Graceanna Lewis and Mariann Lewis letter to Edwin Fussell, 1836-10-16.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Lewis writes about her family, including her sister Rebecca, Aunt Rebecca, Grandfather, and Grandmother. The second part of the letter is written by her sister Mariann who talks about how Lucretia Mott had an appointed Meeting at Charlestown and Valley Meeting and mentions her studies, including French, exposition, and botany.

Subjects: Mott, Lucretia, 1793-1880; Quakers; Botany; Women--Education

Relevant locations: West Vincent (Pa. : Township)

A00179466. Graceanna Lewis and Esther Lewis letter to Rebecca Lewis Fussell and Edwin Fussell, 1838-07-31.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Written over the course of several days. Graceanna Lewis celebrates a step in British emancipation in poetic language and recounts hearing a Quaker discuss abolition at meeting. She also mentions the suffering of John Jacobs and discusses the blooming of plants, sprouting of seeds, and news of her relatives. She thinks she has discovered a new plant species. Her mother, Esther Lewis, writes of a conflict over women's rights in abolitionist circles that involved Abby Kelley Foster and Lucretia Mott. Both women make references to relatives' illnesses.

Subjects: Slavery; Quakers; Great Britain. Act for the abolition of slavery throughout the British Colonies; Women's rights; Foster, Abby Kelley, 1811-1887; Women abolitionists

Relevant locations: Pendleton (Ind.); Chester County (Pa.)

A00179467. Graceanna Lewis description of the May Day walk, 1839.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Tells of the festivities of May Day 1839 at the Kimberton Boarding School, including the class collecting flowers in the morning, then entering the schoolroom, which was adorned with flowers, and the ceremony of crowning the Queen of May.

Subjects: May Day

Relevant locations: Pine Grove (Schuylkill County, Pa.)

A00179468. Graceanna Lewis and Esther Lewis letter to Rebecca Lewis Fussell and Edwin Fussell, 1841-07-25.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Alludes to the anniversary of the emancipation of enslaved people in the British West Indies. Mentions health, illnesses, and schooling of relatives. Discusses an ongoing illness of Molly's that requires a caretaker. Tells of Uncle Bartholomew Fussell's plans for his approaching marriage to Rebecca Hewes and his need to seek marriage certificates from his meeting. Mentions that Bartholomew wants to invite anti-slavery friends to his wedding and ban strong alcohol from it.

Subjects: Temperance; Marriage; Slavery; Antislavery movements; Great Britain. Act for the abolition of slavery throughout the British Colonies

Relevant locations: Pendleton (Ind.); Chester County (Pa.)

A00179469. Graceanna Lewis letter to Mary Townsend, 1842-1843.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Mary Townsend was an author and close friend of Graceanna Lewis's. Lewis writes that she has visited Edwin Fussell's ''dwelling.'' She also says they have a community of black birds that greet them every spring. She has enclosed some moss with the letter for ''Lizzie'' to put in her flower pot to make the earth moist and look pretty.

Subjects: Lewis, Graceanna, 1821-1912; Townsend, Mary, 1814-; Birds; Nature

Relevant locations: West Vincent (Pa.)

A00179470. Graceanna Lewis letter to Esther Ann Jacobs, 1842-05-17.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Esther Ann Jacobs was Graceanna Lewis's cousin. Lewis has recently moved to York, Pennsylvania, and is keeping a school for girls with her aunt and uncle. She describes her new home and surroundings and gives the daily schedule of the school. She mentions a cousin's wedding, the ''single gentlemen'' in the area, and how she misses her home antislavery society.

Subjects: Women--Education; Women teachers; Antislavery movements

Relevant locations: Chester County (Pa.); York (Pa.)

A00179471. Graceanna Lewis letter to Esther Fussell Lewis, William Fussell and Co., 1842-05-20.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. William Fussell was Esther Fussell Lewis's brother. Written while Lewis was teaching at a boarding school in York, Pennsylvania. Lewis writes that Phoebe Wright attended Yearly Meeting and tells them about it (likely referring to abolitionist Phebe Wierman Wright). She tells a story about going for a walk and finding two flowers she'd never seen before and then going to see Howard Gilbert and his pupils for help in identifying them. She also talks about visiting the ''Poor House'' a quarter mile away.

Subjects: Botany; Quakers; Nature

Relevant locations: York (Pa.)

A00179472. Graceanna Lewis letter to Rebecca Lewis Fussell and Edwin Fussell, 1842-06-17.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Rebecca Lewis Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's sister; Edwin Fussell was Rebecca Lewis Fussell's husband. Lewis describes the school where she is teaching and the area around it. She mentions reading lots of books, including ''Burritt's Geography of the Heavens.'' She talks about teaching the children about slavery, which she feels is her duty even if the parents of the children would object, because she sees the children as human beings who need to be taught such things and not just other people's children. She mentions ''Dissolution of the Union'' excitement and favors it in the same sense that she would withdraw from a corrupt church.

Subjects: Pennsylvania--York; Astronomy; Slavery; Women--Education; Girls' Schools

Relevant locations: York (Pa.); Pendleton (Ind.)

A00179473. Joseph Fussell letter to Graceanna Lewis, 1842-09-28.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Joseph Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's cousin. Offers to lend books to Lewis; describes the value of good books and the role of reading in (Quaker) life. Relates that he wrote to Dr. Pliny Earle about patients in the asylum whose diseases the physicians said were ''anxiety about religion.'' Describes Earle's response, the shapes of the patients' skulls, and phrenology and its relationship to fatalism.

Subjects: Earle, Pliny, 1809-1892; Quakers; Books and reading; Phrenology; Fate and fatalism; Psychiatric hospitals; Mental illness--Religious aspects; Women--Education

Relevant locations: West Vincent (Pa.)

A00179474. Graceanna Lewis letter to Esther Fussell Lewis, 1842-10-07.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Esther Fussell Lewis was Graceanna Lewis's mother. Addressed to "Relatives." Discusses a variety of topics, including her mother's virtues; a relative's marriage; a lecturer from a school in Berea, Ohio, who visited Lewis's school; a pair of lecturers on phrenology from Dartmouth who visited Lewis's school and gave phrenological examinations of her and her students and family (she reproduces her own in full); a visit from a chemist with very unusual ideas about universally intelligible writing; 10 freedom seekers escaping slavery who were sheltered by local abolitionists while pursued by a large group of men at the behest of a female enslaver; and several other topics.

Subjects: Fugitive slaves; Slaveholders; Slavery; Phrenology; Education; Women--Education; Physical education for women; Language, Universal

Relevant locations: York (Pa.); Chester County (Pa.)

A00179475. Graceanna Lewis letter to Esther Fussell Lewis, 1842-10-12.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Esther Fussell Lewis was Graceanna Lewis's mother. Lewis describes experiments with magnetism and phrenology performed on another woman that caused her to see visions. She also comments on Baltimore Yearly Meeting, church bells, and abolitionism.

Subjects: Phrenology; Animal magnetism; Antislavery movements; Quakers; Society of Friends

Relevant locations: York (Pa.); Chester County (Pa.)

A00179476. Graceanna Lewis letter to Esther Fussell Lewis, 1842-12-26.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Esther Fussell Lewis was Graceanna Lewis's mother. Lewis proposes a course of study for her sister Elizabeth Lewis involving botany and astronomy that will allow her to learn while staying to help at home. She mentions that her friend Getty (Gertrude Kimber Burleigh, wife of Charles Burleigh) in is now living in Massachusetts, notes the sectional tensions between the North and the South, and describes tensions in the Society of Friends around abolitionism that prevented her uncle Bartholomew Fussell from being appointed clerk of a Meeting out of fear he would cause divisions. Closes with a discussion of a school for black children in York, the recent fair and her family's pricing of goods, her unhappiness about children being exposed to ideas about violence, some of the girls at her school, and a scientific lecture she attended recently on the origin and condition of the Arabs.

Subjects: Girls' schools; African Americans--Education; Women--Education; North and south; Society of Friends; Slavery; Antislavery movements; Baltimore Yearly Meeting of Friends (Hicksite : 1828-1968); Children and violence; Fussell, Bartholomew, 1794-1871

Relevant locations: York (Pa.); Chester County (Pa.)

A00179477. Graceanna Lewis letter to Esther Fussell Lewis, 1843-01-20.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Esther Fussell Lewis was Graceanna Lewis's mother. Lewis says that even though the roads are muddy, they have not missed Quaker Meeting except one day when it was pouring rain, they went to Aunt Rebecca's room and read a Lucretia Mott sermon. She also mentions a sermon given by Dr. Karr which she was not impressed with and seemed intended to frighten drunkards into temperance.

Subjects: Mott, Lucretia, 1793-1880; Temperance; Women--Education; Girls' Schools

Relevant locations: York (Pa.)

A00179478. Joseph Fussell letter to Graceanna Lewis, 1843-01-28.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Joseph Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's cousin. He talks about the school where he is working and teaching African American students. He finds them equal ''in intellectual capacity to the majority of white children of their age and having had the same opportunity for acquiring learning.'' He writes extensively about phrenology and discusses it in relation to his students. He also mentions poet John Greenleaf Whittier and says that ''he is sometimes a little astray of the path.''

Subjects: African Americans--Education; Phrenology; Whittier, John Greenleaf, 1807-1892

Relevant locations: Frankford (Philadelphia, Pa.)

A00179479. Graceanna Lewis letter to Esther Fussell Lewis, 1843-04-09.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Esther Fussell Lewis was Graceanna Lewis's mother. Lewis describes spending some time with "Uncle" and Mary Townsend. She mentions finding a circular letter from John A. Collins in relation to the "Meeting of the Universal Reform Society," which her cousin and brother-in-law Edwin Fussell is going to, and she thinks "it is an excellent thing."

Subjects: Society for Universal Inquiry and Reform; Townsend, Mary, 1814-

Relevant locations: York (Pa.); Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00179480. Joseph Fussell letter to Graceanna Lewis, 1843-04-23.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Joseph Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's cousin. He recounts a trip to a colored school for adults and discusses the refreshing pureness and innocence of children. He speaks of the duty he feels to give to those with less than himself and the idea that all inequalities of wealth result from the use of force. He also alludes to anti-slavery activity in Frankford.

Subjects: Children--Religious aspects; African Americans--Education; Wealth; Social classes

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); York (Pa.); Frankford (Philadelphia, Pa.)

A00179481. Graceanna Lewis letter to Esther Fussell Lewis, 1843-04-09.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Esther Fussell Lewis was Graceanna Lewis's mother. Lewis's relative Edwin Fussell will be passing through York and West Vincent on his way to a gathering of Friends. The school in York has attracted more students, and a Cambridge graduate recently passed through town.

Subjects: Fussell, Edwin, 1813-1882; Girls' schools; Women--Education; Society of Friends

Relevant locations: York (Pa.); Chester County (Pa.); Columbus (Ohio); West Vincent (Pa. : Township)

A00179482. Mariann Lewis letter to Rebecca Lewis Fussell, 1843-05-14.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Mariann Lewis and Rebecca Lewis Fussell were Graceanna Lewis's sisters. Lewis writes that family members are on their way to Yearly Meeting. She adds that the school in York is doing well and there has been temperance activism lately.

Subjects: Temperance

Relevant locations: West Vincent (Pa. : Township); Pendleton (Ind.)

A00179483. Graceanna Lewis letter to Edwin Fussell, 1843-06-10.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Edwin Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's cousin who married her sister, Rebecca Lewis Fussell. Lewis enjoyed Fussell's recent visit and mentions the possibility of attending a convention in Ohio in the fall. Some girls at her school in York have decided not to eat meat, and Lewis expresses interest in utopian communities and the principles of social reformers (she alludes to Albert Brisbane's work and mentions Charles Fourier). She dwells on religious themes around death and temptation and expresses sorrow at some of her friends having left York. Finally, she makes several mentions of a ''Liberator Company'' and discusses a group of Antislavery Friends who passed through York.

Subjects: Fussell, Edwin, 1813-1882; Antislavery movements; Spiritual life--Society of Friends; Vegetarianism; Collective settlements

Relevant locations: York (Pa.); Pendleton (Ind.)

A00179484. Joseph Fussell letter to Graceanna Lewis, 1843-08-04.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Joseph Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's cousin. Fussell expresses his belief that antislavery "cannot breath in towns and villages" because they are ''moral plague spots"; he would prefer to hold the convention out in "free air" of the country. He recounts the horrors of slavery and encourages Lewis to join him at an antislavery meeting in Norristown where the Society for Inquiry and Reform will also be meeting. He closes with a discussion of communities and the ethics of buying land.

Subjects: Lewis, Graceanna, 1821-1912; Antislavery movements; Cities and towns; Slavery; Society of Friends; Society for Universal Inquiry and Reform

Relevant locations: York (Pa.); Norristown (Pa.);

A00179485. Mariann Lewis letter to Graceanna Lewis, 1843-08-09.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Mariann Lewis was Graceanna Lewis's sister. She recounts various goings-on in the family, including their mother's difficulty walking, their cousin Esther Ann Jacobs' pregnancy, someone named Aaron's escape from Blockley Asylum, and their sister Elizabeth "Libby" Lewis's schooling. She also mentions attending an antislavery picnic in Kennett, Pennsylvania.

Subjects: Lewis, Graceanna, 1821-1912; Antislavery movements

Relevant locations: West Vincent (Pa. : Township); York (Pa.)

A00179486. Alice Jackson letter to Graceanna Lewis, 1843-10-11.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Written from Harmony Grove. Jackson says that she misses Lewis, asks about antislavery in York, Pennsylvania, and discusses recent antislavery and temperance picnics and a planned convention in Philadelphia at the end of the year. She also describes a trip to a wedding in Delaware County made difficult by flooding.

Subjects: Lewis, Graceanna, 1821-1912; Floods; Travel; Antislavery movements; Temperance

Relevant locations: York (Pa.); Delaware County (Pa.)

A00179487. Letter to Graceanna Lewis, 1844-06-03.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. From a friend named Mary; last name is illegible. Writer asks how Lewis's reform work is going, and expresses frustration at the lack of action on the part of many Quakers. Mentions Lydia Wearman and Elizabeth Fuller speaking at Meeting. Also mentions a colored man named James Pennington and discusses the author's fear of death.

Subjects: Antislavery movements; Quakers; African Americans--Education; Death--Religious aspects

Relevant locations: York (Pa.); Chester County (Pa.)

A00179488. Graceanna Lewis letter to Mary Townsend, 1845-01-26.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Mary Townsend was an author and close friend of Graceanna Lewis's. Lewis expresses her affection for Townsend. She also briefly describes the journey home from Townsend's; mentions her mother Esther's interest in Harriet Martineau's case and anxiety that Townsend try magnetism; and alludes to a dental procedure she had performed.

Subjects: Martineau, Harriet, 1802-1876; Townsend, Mary, 1814-; Dentistry

Relevant locations: Chester County (Pa.); Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00179489. Graceanna Lewis letter to Mary Townsend, 1845.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Date and recipient inferred. Mary Townsend was an author and close friend of Graceanna Lewis's. Lewis is glad that magnetism has helped Townsend recover; she gives details of her mother Esther Lewis's use of it, and says that while it may be fiction, it works. Lewis encourages Townsend to speak out more on antislavery, and discusses reform in general; after mentioning those who ask for merciful treatment out of self-interest, she says that ''true reform can have no sympathy.'' She mentions some writing that Townsend sent to her, and spends some time on theological questions of divine love and the source of evil. She ends by describing garden work and her fondness for insects.

Subjects: Animal magnetism; Magnetic healing; Love--Religious aspects; Gardening; Antislavery movements; Townsend, Mary, 1814-

Relevant locations: Chester County (Pa.)

A00179490. Graceanna Lewis letter to Mary Townsend, 1845-07-11.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Mary Townsend was an author and close friend of Graceanna Lewis's. She asks whether the light shines within Townsend. She describes a trip to her uncle Joseph Fussell's house. While there she met Mary Grew and Margaret Jones and discussed with them the merits of a series of children's books (presumably on antislavery) as opposed to a paper. Lewis has found several anecdotes illustrating peace principles.

Subjects: Inner Light; Children--Books and reading; Periodicals; Grew, Mary, 1813-1896; Townsend, Mary, 1814-

Relevant locations: West Vincent (Pa. : Township); Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00179491. Graceanna Lewis letter to Mary Townsend, 1845-12-17.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Mary Townsend was an author and close friend of Graceanna Lewis's. She thanks Townsend for the books she sent for Lewis's sister, who is recovering from an illness. She discusses the virtues of a man named C.M.B. (most likely Cyrus Moses Burleigh) and says she gave him a picture of Townsend. She also touches on the idea of universal love and her worry that her activism stems from love of right rather than love of man. Lewis alludes to the fact that Townsend is going to an antislavery meeting. She says that Libby has started her school, expresses her satisfaction at her family having hired a girl she finds satisfactory at her work. She also uses electricity in a metaphor.

Subjects: Books and Reading; Love--Religious aspects; Women--Education; Women employees

Relevant locations: West Vincent (Pa. : Township)

A00179492. Graceanna Lewis letter to Mary Townsend, 1846-02-10.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. Mary Townsend was an author and close friend of Graceanna Lewis's. Lewis recently attended an antislavery meeting where Elijah Pennypacker, her brother-in-law Edwin Fussell, and a Baptist minister named Collins discussed community and its relationship to progress; the letter summarizes their positions. ''Miss Abby'' (likely Abby Kimber) was also there. Lewis discusses ideas of morality and religion; she also mentions attending a meeting of the Royal Spring Temperance Society and an anti-tobacco pledge that has been circulating.

Subjects: Pennypacker, E. F. (Elijah Funk), 1804-1888; Fussell, Edwin, 1813-1882; Social reformers; Communities; Antislavery movements; Temperance; Tobacco use--Prevention; Lowell, Maria, 1821-1853

Relevant locations: West Vincent (Pa. : Township)

A00179492A. Graceanna Lewis letter to Mary Townsend, approximately 1844-1850.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Mary Townsend was an author and close friend of Graceanna Lewis's. Describes a temperance meeting where Lewis heard and spoke with Elijah Pennypacker. Pennypacker discussed his ideas about individual and collective reform, his inclination to separate from the Society of Friends, and ''come-outerism.'' Lewis also discusses an antislavery paper that she and Townsend intend to start, and she encourages Townsend to have more confidence in herself for this venture. Lewis is interested in asking Frederick Douglass to write some articles about ''prejudice against color.'' In addition, she notes that a woman has recently arrived from Baltimore on the advice of her physician with no travelling companions but her five small children.

Subjects: Pennypacker, E. F. (Elijah Funk), 1804-1888; Social reformers; Antislavery movements; Temperance; Society of Friends; Revelation; Women--Travel; Periodicals; Douglass, Frederick, 1818-1895; Lowell, Maria, 1821-1853; Davis, Edward M., 1811-1887

Relevant locations: Pennsylvania

A00179493. Graceanna Lewis letter to Mary Townsend, approximately 1847-1850.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Fragment. Mary Townsend was an author and close friend of Graceanna Lewis's. Lewis describes a pair of funerals she attended. One was for an abolitionist and was also attended by Elijah Pennypacker; the other was for a woman ''from a very humble sphere'' who ''passed away with no husband or child to mourn her.''

Subjects: Pennypacker, E. F. (Elijah Funk), 1804-1888; Antislavery movements; Death

Relevant locations: Phoenixville (Pa.); Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00179494. Graceanna Lewis letter to Mary Townsend, approximately 1847-1850.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Fragment. Mary Townsend was an author and close friend of Graceanna Lewis's. Lewis assents to Townsend publishing an address that Lewis wrote, though she may want to withhold her name. The cost of publication leads Lewis to briefly discuss financial matters, and she refers to herself and Townsend as "business women."

Subjects: Women authors; Publishers and publishing

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00179495. Graceanna Lewis letter to Mariann Lewis; Rebecca Fussell letter to Edwin Fussell, 1848-04-22.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Mariann Lewis and Rebecca Lewis Fussell were Graceanna Lewis's sisters; Edwin Fussell was their cousin and Rebecca Lewis Fussell's husband. Mariann is travelling to Indiana; part of her journey has been on steam boat. Jane, the family servant, has gotten married, and Graceanna approves of the work of the new servant, Ann Bradley. Several people in the family have been reading ''Jane Eyre.'' Rebecca writes that Sarah, ''a little colored girl,'' is hurt because Edwin Fussell said farewell to the white children but not to her.

Subjects: Women--Travel; Women household employees; Jane Eyre (Brontë, Charlotte)

Relevant locations: Chester County (Pa.); Pendleton (Ind.)

A00179496. Graceanna Lewis and Elizabeth Lewis letter to Mariann Lewis, 1848-05-03.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Elizabeth Lewis and Mariann Lewis were Graceanna Lewis's sisters. Graceanna tells Mariann (''Molly'') that Lucretia Mott was at the last Quarterly Meeting; that Mary (likely Mary Townsend) took chloroform for a medical problem, but it had ill effects; and that Graceanna and Elizabeth have received a letter saying that Mariann and their brother-in-law Edwin Fussell have arrived safely in Pendleton. Elizabeth ("Libby") briefly discusses the school she runs. Much of the letter is spent relaying news about family members, especially the ups and downs of the health of the sisters' grandmother, Rebecca Bond Fussell.

Subjects: Mott, Lucretia, 1793-1880; Townsend, Mary, 1814-; Education; Older people--Health and hygiene; Chloroform

Relevant locations: Pendleton (Ind.); Chester County (Pa.)

A00179497. Priscilla Townsend letter to Graceanna Lewis; Mary Townsend note, 1848-03.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Priscilla Townsend was Graceanna Lewis's close friend Mary Townsend's mother. She expresses affection for Graceanna Lewis but says she feels sorrow for the many things that oppress her. There is a note from Mary Townsend at the bottom saying that her mother has become ''increasingly attached'' to the abolitionists. The reverse of the letter is a fragment of a letter from Edwin Fussell to his wife, Rebecca Lewis Fussell.

Subjects: Lewis, Graceanna, 1821-1912; Abolitionists

Relevant locations: Pennsylvania

A00179498. Mary Townsend letter to Graceanna Lewis, approximately 1849-1850.
Scope and Contents

12 pages. Mary Townsend was an author and close friend of Graceanna Lewis's. She has been ill for some time and has been attended by many doctors. She tells Lewis of a new physician who has been treating her, a woman named Miriam De Bonneville, and discusses the treatments De Bonneville uses. She also discusses Fredrika Bremer's travels in the United States, mentions a school that Lewis has been working at, and talks of paranormal phenomena reported at Rochester. The letter also includes several pages written in pencil by someone else, possibly Lewis's brother-in-law Dr. Edwin Fussell.

Subjects: Medicine; Bremer, Fredrika, 1801-1865; Women physicians; Women in medicine; Animal magnetism; Magnetic healing; Homeopathy; Death; Health; Spiritualism; Quakers

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00179499. Gertrude Burleigh letter, 1850-02-03.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Gertrude Burleigh was a Quaker and an abolitionist. Addressed to the ''Three Graces'' but does not identify who the three Graces are. Burleigh mostly describes her home in Connecticut. She also talks about her husband, Charles Burleigh Sr., and the work he has been doing.

Subjects: Burleigh, Charles C. (Charles Calistus), 1810-1878; Kaleidoscopes

Relevant locations: Canterbury (Conn.)

A00179500. Cyrus Moses Burleigh letter to Graceanna Lewis, 1851-07-02.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Cyrus Moses Burleigh was a Quaker and an abolitionist. Written over the span of several days, Burleigh gives continual updates on Mary Townsend's health, which is failing. He says she is ''very feeble'' and ''clinging to life by a thread.'' Burleigh also talks of having spirited discussions on Sundays about anti-slavery and mentions the abolitionist Henry Clarke Wright.

Subjects: Townsend, Mary, 1814-; Burleigh, Charles C. (Charles Calistus), 1810-1878; Wright, Henry Clarke, 1797-1870

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00179501. Graceanna Lewis letter to Mariann Lewis, 1856-07-04.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Mariann Lewis was Graceanna Lewis's sister. Graceanna Lewis is traveling on a boat with Pliny Chase and others and talks about her journey.

Subjects: Fall River Line; Chase, Pliny Earle, 1820-1886

Relevant locations: New England; New York (State)

A00179502. Graceanna Lewis letter to Edwin Fussell, 1856-07-13.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Edwin Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's cousin who married her sister, Rebecca Lewis Fussell. Lewis talks about spending time at the beach with Fussell's young daughter Mary Townsend Fussell.

Subjects: Beaches; Fussell, Mary Townsend, 1849-1935

Relevant locations: Massachusetts

A00179503. Hannah Wright Mifflin letter to Graceanna Lewis, 1859-05-01.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Hannah Wright Mifflin was a Quaker whose family was involved with the Underground Railroad. She describes the mountain gorge where health and pleasure seekers gather and says the land was reclaimed from ''Savage Nations.'' She speaks very highly of a man who visited them named Mr. Bigelow, whom she describes as an ''earnest, antislavery man.'' She also talks about a colored girl named Alice who is staying with them and mentions her desire that they ''keep her'' with them as a domestic.

Subjects: Indians of North America; Quakers; Paper industry

Relevant locations: Adams County (Pa.); Mount Holly Springs (Pa.)

A00179504. Graceanna Lewis letter to Linnaeus Fussell, 1862-07-25.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Linnaeus Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's nephew. Lewis attempts to dissuade him from enlisting as a soldier in the Civil War. Though Lewis agrees that fighting for freedom would be brave and noble, she believes that Fussell would do more good if he joined her in generating anti-slavery sentiment to pressure Abraham Lincoln and the border states into declaring emancipation. She also points out that some Northern military commanders are pro-slavery, like one in cousin Joshua Fussell's regiment.

Subjects: United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865; Fussell, Linnaeus, 1842-1907; Quakers; Antislavery movements

Relevant locations: Newtown Square (Pa.); Chester County (Pa.)

A00179505. Susan Fussell letter to Graceanna Lewis, Mariann Lewis, and Elizabeth Lewis, 1862-08-10.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. Susan Fussell was a cousin of Graceanna, Mariann, and Elizabeth Lewis. Fussell expresses grief over the death of Graceanna Lewis's sister Rebecca Lewis Fussell's daughter Emma Jane Fussell. She tells that many men have volunteered since the order for drafting was issued. Talks of her brother Joshua Fussell's experience in the war and talks of aiding the soldiers. She expresses anger that some members of her Quaker Meeting are against helping sick soldiers because they believe that would be against Quaker principles; Fussell feels that helping the soldiers is simple human decency.

Subjects: Fussell, Emma Jane, 1839-1862; United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; Slavery; Society of Friends; Quakers; Draft; War--Relief of sick and wounded

Relevant locations: Indiana

A00179506. Graceanna Lewis letter to Rebecca Lewis Fussell and Edwin Fussell, 1862-08-21.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Rebecca Lewis Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's sister; Edwin Fussell was Rebecca Lewis Fussell's husband. Lewis offers them condolences after the death of their daughter Emma Jane Fussell. She has sent obituary notices to several abolitionist newspapers.

Subjects: Fussell, Emma Jane, 1839-1862; Death--Religious aspects

Relevant locations: West Vincent (Pa. : Township)

A00179507. Hannah Wright Mifflin letter to Graceanna Lewis, 1863-07-07.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Hannah Wright Mifflin was a Quaker whose family was involved with the Underground Railroad. She discusses the recent Union victories at Vicksburg and Gettysburg and expresses sorrow about the horrors of war. She very much wants to see Lewis and informs her that Howard Gilbert (a school teacher Lewis met in York) has not enlisted.

Subjects: Lewis, Graceanna, 1821-1912; United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865

Relevant locations: Germantown (Philadelphia, Pa.)

A00179508. Graceanna Lewis and Rebecca Lewis Fussell letter to Linnaeus Fussell, 1863-07-19.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Linnaeus Fussell was the son of Graceanna Lewis's sister, Rebecca Lewis Fussell. They ask him about his time in the military, the health of the men with him, and how well he is supplied to care for them. Both deplore the military logistics that have left him insufficiently supplied. Lewis discusses a group of women in Phoenixville working to bring aid to Union soldiers and briefly mentions goings-on at the farm. Fussell talks about a new-born relative and the draft in their hometown.

Subjects: United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; Health; Draft; War--Relief of sick and wounded

Relevant locations: West Vincent (Pa. : Township)

A00179509. Graceanna Lewis tribute to Mariann Lewis, 1866.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Graceanna Lewis reflects on the life of her sister, Mariann Lewis, who has recently passed away.

Subjects: Lewis, Mariann, 1819-1866

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00179510. Graceanna Lewis letter to Mary Townsend Fussell, 1870-07-13.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Mary Townsend Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's niece. Lewis writes that she intends to visit Fussell soon as well as their cousin Milton Fussell. She also mentions that their cousin Morris Fussell is doing much better after his accident in the harvest fields.

Subjects: Fussell, Mary Townsend, 1849-1935

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00179511. Graceanna Lewis letter to Hannah Wright Mifflin, 1871-04-14.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Hannah Wright Mifflin was a Quaker whose family was involved with the Underground Railroad. Graceanna Lewis writes that Rebecca and Edwin Fussell have recently been to Philadelphia. She plans to visit Mifflin soon and also invites MIfflin to visit her. Graceanna says she has two rooms but warns that she ''can't keep house in housekeeping style.''

Subjects: Fussell, Rebecca L. (Rebecca Lewis), 1820-1893; Fussell, Edwin, 1813-1882; Mifflin, Hannah Wright, 1818-1900

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00179512. Graceanna Lewis letter to Hannah Wright Mifflin, 1871-07-09.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Hannah Wright Mifflin was a Quaker whose family was involved with the Underground Railroad. Lewis discusses the birth of her sister Rebecca Fussell's grandchild, Alice Fussell, and reflects on motherhood. She writes that African-American abolitionist William Still wants to write up a story about a time Mifflin's parents, William and Phebe Wright, aided a freedom seeker. Lewis is working on a piece about Elijah F. Pennypacker's work helping freedom seekers. Lewis's nephew Linnaeus Fussell is in Central America.

Subjects: Motherhood; Fugitive slaves; Pennypacker, E. F. (Elijah Funk), 1804-1888; Fussell, Linnaeus, 1842-1907; Antislavery movements; Abolitionists; Still, William, 1821-1902; Mifflin, Hannah Wright, 1818-1900

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00179513. Graceanna Lewis letter to Mary Townsend Fussell, 1871-12-30.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Mary Townsend Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's niece. Lewis expresses her love for her niece Fussell and Fussell's infant daughter, Alice Fussell.

Subjects: Lewis, Graceanna, 1821-1912; Fussell, Mary Townsend, 1849-1935; Fussell, Alice, 1871-1955

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00179514. Graceanna Lewis letter to Rebecca Lewis Fussell, 1876-05-29.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Rebecca Lewis Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's sister. Lewis describes the work that has been done and that will be done to the family farm, Sunnyside.

Subjects: Lumber; Flowers

Relevant locations: West Vincent (Pa. : Township)

A00179515. Graceanna Lewis letter to Rebecca Lewis Fussell, 1876-07-05.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Rebecca Lewis Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's sister. Fussell's son Robert Fussell is dangerously ill, and Lewis is worried about him. She tells of a previous illness of his and how she tried to impart strength to him through physical contact. Hannah Wright Mifflin has come to visit. Lewis also discusses her hired help on the family farm (Sunnyside), which she is considering passing on to Hannah Wright Mifflin and Samuel Mifflin.

Subjects: Fussell, Robert, 1875-1943; Agricultural laborers; Family farms

Relevant locations: West Vincent (Pa. : Township)

A00179516. Graceanna Lewis letter to Rebecca Lewis Fussell, 1876-07-16.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. Rebecca Lewis Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's sister. Lewis writes that she wrote an article that will be published in the ''New Century.'' She discusses her charts and mentions "dear Lucretia Mott" and Julia Ward Howe, whom she speaks very fondly of.

Subjects: Howe, Julia Ward, 1819-1910; Woman's journal (Boston, Mass. : 1870)

Relevant locations: West Vincent (Pa. : Township)

A00179517. Graceanna Lewis letter to Robert Fussell and Alice Fussell, 1877-1878.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Alice and Robert Fussell were Graceanna Lewis's great-niece and great-nephew, respectively. Lewis writes to them shortly after they paid her a visit. The first half of the letter gives details about her daily life and the plants and animals around her house. The second half discusses birds.

Subjects: Bobolink; Grackles; Orioles; Birds--Migration; Birds; Birds--Nests; Fussell, Alice, 1871-1955; Fussell, Robert, 1875-1943

Relevant locations: West Vincent (Pa. : Township)

A00179518. Graceanna Lewis letter to Robert Fussell and Alice Fussell, 1877-04-30.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Alice and Robert Fussell were Graceanna Lewis's great-niece and great-nephew, respectively. Lewis tells them about various birds and plants around her, especially a singing brown thrush. Once Alice can write well enough to sign her name to the temperance pledge, Lewis wants her to send her a letter.

Subjects: Birds; Fussell, Alice, 1871-1955; Fussell, Robert, 1875-1943; Brown thrasher

Relevant locations: West Vincent (Pa. : Township)

A00179519. Graceanna Lewis letter to Alice Fussell, 1877-11-07.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Alice Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's great-niece. Lewis tells 7-year-old Alice about God's gifts, offers to give her and her brother Robert a pair of rabbits, and says she will move to Media, Pennsylvania, in a month.

Subjects: Rabbits; Fussell, Alice, 1871-1955; Fussell, Robert, 1875-1943

Relevant locations: West Vincent (Pa. : Township); Media (Pa.)

A00179520. Graceanna Lewis letter to Alice Fussell and Robert Fussell, 1878-01-02.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Alice and Robert Fussell were Graceanna Lewis's great-niece and great-nephew, respectively. Lewis writes extensively about her chickens and says that she has some rabbits for the kids.

Subjects: Fussell, Alice, 1871-1955; Fussell, Robert, 1875-1943; Chickens

Relevant locations: West Vincent (Pa. : Township)

A00179521. Susan Fussell letter to Graceanna Lewis, 1878-01-13.
Scope and Contents

12 pages. Signed S. Fussell and most likely written by Graceanna Lewis's cousin, Susan Fussell. She discusses at length her concern for poor and orphaned children and ''the plan'' to have the children cared for in people's homes at the expense of the county until they can obtain homes with private families. Fussell thanks Graceanna for her offer to write an article on the subject. She also mentions an interest in homes for the ''deserving aged.'' A note added to the letter says it is from Ada Fussell, Susan Fussell's sister, but that is likely incorrect based on the handwriting.

Subjects: Orphanages; Poor children--Social conditions; Social service

Relevant locations: Spiceland (Ind.)

A00179522. Graceanna Lewis letter to Rebecca Lewis Fussell, 1878-01-25.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Rebecca Lewis Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's sister. Lewis discusses the details of selling Sunnyside, the family farm. She does not think she will get the position at Vassar College that she applied to; she believes that they would prefer to hire a man, even though she has gotten references from several scientists. She mentions that her cousin Susan Fussell is working with children in poorhouses and alludes to the financial difficulties she and Fussell have experienced.

Subjects: Vassar College; Women in education; Women scientists; Women--Economic conditions; Women--Employment; Sex discrimination in employment; Women--Finance, Personal

Relevant locations: West Vincent (Pa. : Township)

A00179523. Graceanna Lewis letter to Rebecca Lewis Fussell, 1878-02-24.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. Rebecca Lewis Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's sister. Most of the letter recounts the process of moving out of the family farm of Sunnyside and describes Lewis's new house in Chester Springs. Parts of the house are temporarily being used as a school by "Adie" (likely their cousin Ada Fussell). Lewis also discusses her financial situation and a recent piece in the Woman's Journal.

Subjects: Moving, Household; Woman's journal (Boston, Mass. : 1870)

Relevant locations: Chester Springs (Pa.); West Vincent (Pa. : Township)

A00179524. Graceanna Lewis letter to Rebecca Lewis Fussell, 1878-03-26.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Rebecca Lewis Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's sister. Lewis discusses settling into her new home. "Adie" (likely her their cousin Ada Fussell) has arranged for Lewis to give a series of lectures.

Subjects: Moving, Household; Women teachers

Relevant locations: Chester Springs (Pa.)

A00179525. Graceanna Lewis letter to Rebecca Lewis Fussell, 1878-04-21.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. Rebecca Lewis Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's sister. Lewis describes her housework and warns her sisters not to endanger their health by the strain of overwork. She has received a reply from Professor Ray telling her that she has not been chosen for the teaching position at Vassar. Lewis relates the reasons given by Ray and adds that she does not think the pay would make up for the excessive work and state of ''servitude'' involved with the position. She also briefly describes her diet.

Subjects: Vassar College; Women college teachers; Housekeeping

Relevant locations: Chester Springs (Pa.)

A00179526. Graceanna Lewis letter to Alice Fussell and Robert Fussell, 1878-08-29.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Alice and Robert Fussell were Graceanna Lewis's great-niece and great-nephew, respectively. Lewis tells them about their newborn baby cousin, Ellen Fussell Cope (1878-1953), daughter of Linnaeus and Edith Fussell.

Subjects: Fussell, Alice, 1871-1955; Fussell, Robert, 1875-1943; Fussell, Linnaeus, 1842-1907; Cope, Ellen Fussell, 1878-1953; Infants

Relevant locations: Chester Springs (Pa.)

A00179527. Graceanna Lewis letter to Rebecca Lewis Fussell, 1878-09-06.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Rebecca Lewis Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's sister. Lewis describes her process of seeking employment. She is unsatisfied with the pay and performance of a periodical that recently published some of her writing. She has received a letter from Dr. Chloe Annette Buckel, who has recently moved to Oakland, California, where she is pursuing natural history.

Subjects: Women teachers; Women--Employment

Relevant locations: Chester Springs (Pa.)

A00180202. Graceanna Lewis letter to Esther Jane Trimble, 1882.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Esther Jane Trimble Lippincott was Graceanna Lewis's cousin. Lewis talks about her views on Quakerism.

Subjects: Quakers; Trimble, Esther Jane, 1838-1888

A00180203. Graceanna Lewis letter to Robert Fussell, 1880-01-21.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Graceanna Lewis writes a birthday letter to her five-year-old great-nephew, ''Robbie.'' She tells him that he should be thankful to have such a good, loving family as there are many children who have ''bad'' mothers and fathers and thus are taken out of their homes.

Subjects: Birthdays; Fussell, Robert, 1875-1943

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00180204. Graceanna Lewis letter to Alice Fussell and Robert Fussell, 1880-02-12.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Alice and Robert Fussell were Graceanna Lewis's great-niece and great-nephew, respectively. Lewis tells a story about the children who live in her neighborhood.

Subjects: Children; Fussell, Alice, 1871-1955; Fussell, Robert, 1875-1943

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00180205. Graceanna Lewis letter, story extract, and poem to Alice Fussell and Robert Fussell, 1880-02-29.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Alice and Robert Fussell were Graceanna Lewis's great-niece and great-nephew, respectively. Graceanna Lewis transcribes a story extract and a poem for "Allie" and "Robbie" in the celebration of their newborn baby sister, Emma Fussell. She also recounts what the neighbor children are up to.

Subjects: Short stories; Poetry; Fussell, Alice, 1871-1955; Fussell, Robert, 1875-1943; Larcom, Lucy, 1824-1893; Neighbors

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00180206. Graceanna Lewis letter to Alice Fussell, 1880-07-29.
Scope and Contents

13 pages. Alice Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's great-niece. Lewis discusses teaching Alice and her brother Robert to sew. She wishes Alice a happy birthday and transcribes several poems for her.

Subjects: Poetry; Birthdays; Fussell, Alice, 1871-1955; Fussell, Robert, 1875-1943

Relevant locations: Media (Pa.)

A00180207. H.F. poem to John Greenleaf Whittier, 1887-12-18.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Poem celebrating Quaker poet John Greenleaf Whittier on his eightieth birthday. Published in the Friends Intelligencer (vol. 45 no. 1 p. 1).

Subjects: Quaker abolitionists; Whittier, John Greenleaf, 1807-1892; American poetry--Quaker authors

Relevant locations: Media (Pa.)

A00180208. Graceanna Lewis letter to Edith Johnson Fussell, 1882-12-20.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Edith Johnson Fussell married Graceanna Lewis's nephew, Linnaeus Fussell. Lewis writes a letter wishing her a happy new year and talks about a former zoology student of hers named L.B. Humphrey.

Subjects: Fussell, Edith Johnson, 1853-1914; Fussell, Linnaeus, 1842-1907; Zoology

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00180209. Graceanna Lewis letter to Alice Fussell and Robert Fussell, 1882-12-30.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Alice and Robert Fussell were Graceanna Lewis's great-niece and great-nephew, respectively. Lewis describes how she has been painting ducks. She explains in detail the behaviors of the ducks to Robert and promises to send a picture of wood-duck for the children's enjoyment. She also discusses how much more important writing a letter is compared to buying a pre-made card, as well as her plans for the major holidays.

Subjects: Ducks; Painting; Fussell, Alice, 1871-1955; Fussell, Robert, 1875-1943; Personal correspondence; Holidays--Planning

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00180210. Graceanna Lewis letter to Mary Townsend Fussell, 1883.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. Mary Townsend Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's niece. Lewis tells of a recent lecture she went to about horticulture and explains the differences between poisonous mushrooms and non-poisonous mushrooms and how to identify each. She briefly mentions attending a Meeting and also shares updates on her family.

Subjects: Horticulture; Botany; Mushrooms; Scientific illustration; Quakers

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00180211. Graceanna Lewis letter fragment, approximately 1883-1885.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Graceanna Lewis describes a school, likely the Foster School for Girls where she taught from 1883-1885, and writes about the books she has been studying. She describes how she came across algae and conducted experiments with it. She has an upcoming meeting planned with Dr. Adele Amelia Gleason and mentions her mother, Rachel Gleason, the fourth woman to earn a medical degree in the United States.

Subjects: Botany; Books and reading; Women in education; Microscopy; Bible

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00180212. Graceanna Lewis letter to Robert Fussell, 1883-02-25.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Robert Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's nephew. She thanks him for bringing her jam and asks him to keep note of all the ''lovely'' things his baby brother does so that when they get older they can reflect on them and save it for future generations. She brings this up because her mother has a collection of papers about an ancestor with the surname Foulke, and because of this knowledge she met the wife of a distant relative at a lecture at the Academy of Natural Sciences. She also relates an anecdote about a monkey and a dog.

Subjects: Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia; Family history; Fussell, Robert, 1875-1943

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00180213. Graceanna Lewis plant sketches, 1883-04-10.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Sketches drawn by Graceanna Lewis with labels that describe the plants her great-niece and great-nephew Alice and Robert Fussell have brought to her.

Subjects: Botany; Scientific illustration; Fussell, Robert, 1875-1943

Relevant locations: Pennsylvania

A00180214. Graceanna Lewis letter to Mary Townsend Fussell, 1883-1885.
Scope and Contents

1 page. Mary Townsend Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's niece. Lewis is worried because she has not received a letter in response to the one she sent to Fussell's mother, Rebecca Lewis Fussell.

Subjects: Fussell, Rebecca L. (Rebecca Lewis), 1820-1893

A00180215. Graceanna Lewis letter to Mary Townsend Fussell, 1883-04-22.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Mary Townsend Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's niece. Written from the Academy of Natural Science, of which Lewis was a member. Lewis writes about how much she cares for Fussell and her "exceptional" children. She also shares some quotes from a book she is reading.

Subjects: Books and reading; Fussell, Alice, 1871-1955; Fussell, Robert, 1875-1943

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00180216. Graceanna Lewis letter to Mary Townsend Fussell, 1883-05-30.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Mary Townsend Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's niece. Lewis praises the way Fussell runs her household and has raised her children and proposes taking her mother to Media for her birthday and buying handkerchiefs as a present. She also grieves someone named Emma, likely Fussell's sister Emma Jane Fussell, who died from an illness caught while tending to sick and wounded soldiers during the Civil War.

Subjects: Fussell, Mary Townsend, 1849-1935; Bereavement

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Media (Pa.)

A00180217. Graceanna Lewis letter to Esther Jane Trimble, 1882-07-07.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Esther Jane Trimble Lippincott was Graceanna Lewis's cousin. Lewis extends her sympathy over the recent death of Trimble's mother, Rebecca Trimble.

Subjects: Death; Bereavement; Trimble, Esther Jane, 1838-1888; Trimble, Rebecca F. (Rebecca Fussell), 1796-1882

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00180218. Graceanna Lewis letter to Alice Fussell and Robert Fussell, 1883-09-23.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Alice and Robert Fussell were Graceanna Lewis's great-niece and grand-nephew. Lewis tells them that she loves the school where she is teaching (the Foster School for Girls) and that she wishes that they both could come be students in her classes. She also asks them to take some samples of liverwort and fern and gives them instructions on how to tend to them so they grow enough for her to show to her students.

Subjects: Teachers; Botany; Girls' schools; Fussell, Alice, 1871-1955; Fussell, Robert, 1875-1943

Relevant locations: Clifton Springs (N.Y.)

A00180219. Graceanna Lewis letter to Rebecca Lewis Fussell, 1883-10-17.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. Rebecca Lewis Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's sister. Lewis discusses her relationship with her coworkers at the Foster School for Girls, tells of adventures with a well-known botanist, and a Miss Port who is spending time at the sanitarium. She describes being one of the oldest teachers there and how she feels that the younger teachers and students alike look up to her as a maternal figure. She also discusses the letters and news she has received from various family members.

Subjects: Botany; Teachers; Women in education

Relevant locations: Clifton Springs (N.Y.)

A00180220. Graceanna Lewis letter to Rebecca Lewis Fussell, 1883-10-17.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Rebecca Lewis Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's sister. Lewis writes that she encloses the money she owes Fussell. She also mentions the 22 plants she received from a Mrs. Foster and how well they will fit in her windows.

Subjects: Debt; Plants, potted

Relevant locations: Clifton Springs (N.Y.)

A00180221. Graceanna Lewis letter to Rebecca Lewis Fussell, 1883-11-07.
Scope and Contents

7 pages. Rebecca Lewis Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's sister. Lewis opens the letter by describing a dream she had that someone she knew gave birth to a baby boy. She discusses ''Cousin Adie',' who started up her own kindergarten, and ''Cousin Susan,'' likely Ada and Susan Fussell. Lewis talks about the different plants that Adie has had success in growing, and mentions that Mrs. Foster has been sending her plants to grow. The end of the letter consists of her complaints about grading and excitement and anxiety surrounding Dr. Lewis putting her in charge of a department at school.

Subjects: Girls' schools; botany; Women in education; Women teachers; Fussell, Lydia Ada, 1837-1900; Fussell, Susan, 1832-1889

Relevant locations: Clifton Springs (N.Y.)

A00180222. Graceanna Lewis letter to Mary Townsend Fussell, 1883-12-27.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Mary Townsend Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's niece. Lewis praises Fussell for a decision she made which protected her children from getting sick.

Subjects: Fussell, Mary Townsend, 1849-1935

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00180223. Graceanna Lewis letter fragment, 1884.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Graceanna Lewis talks about the importance of keeping records in order to preserve history for future generations, noting that she wishes she had more information about her father. She also describes some talks she attended given by Professor Gilmore at the University of Rochester. She says she is tired of "young ladyism."

Subjects: University of Rochester; Women's rights; Lewis, Graceanna, 1821-1912

Relevant locations: Clifton Springs (N.Y.)

A00180224. Graceanna Lewis letter to Mary Townsend Fussell, 1884.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Mary Townsend Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's niece. Lewis talks about how warm and comfortable her house is in winter and how glad she is that her nieces and nephews are under the care of their parents due to the behavior she sees in the girls she teaches. She says she does not ''like worldly ways, and worldly knowledge is not the best thing to be acquired.'' She also talks about writings she has read from the author Emanuel Swedenborg who views babies and young children as being the purest humans and the closest to God.

Subjects: Swedenborg, Emanuel, 1688-1772; Children; Heaven

Relevant locations: Clifton Springs (N.Y.)

A00180225. Graceanna Lewis letter to Mary Townsend Fussell, 1884-01-13.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Mary Townsend Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's niece. She tells of an idea she has for celebrating Fussell's son Robert Fussell's ninth birthday, and she asks for the bill to be sent to her for his cake. She wonders how the heater in Fussell's house works and whether it keeps the house comfortable. She then complains of how cold her classroom is in the mornings. Lewis mentions that she cannot ''in [good] conscience'' recommend her friends to send their children to the Foster School for Girls (where Lewis was teaching at the time) because of what she sees, and she expresses gratitude that she was brought up in the Society of Friends where virtues like kindness and love were emphasized as opposed to fear of the Devil.

Subjects: Birthdays; Girls' schools; Society of Friends; Virtues; Fussell, Mary Townsend, 1849-1935; Fussell, Robert, 1875-1943

Relevant locations: Clifton Springs (N.Y.)

A00180226. Graceanna Lewis letter to Mary Townsend Fussell, 1884-02-03.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Mary Townsend Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's niece. Lewis explains a dream she had about ''a boy younger than Robbie'' (Fussell's son, Robert Fussell) and how he had flowers on his face instead of a mustache. She asks about Fussell's daughter Alice Fussell and says she wants to get her something for her birthday, either a cake and coins or a nice dress. Lewis discusses how she's moved on from teaching her students Physiology to Geology and is exhausted from reading and correcting papers. She also mentions news of family and friends, including recently receiving a letter from Ellen (Eleanor H. McCullough).

Subjects: Birthdays; Science--Study and teaching; Physiology; Geology; Fussell, Alice, 1871-1955; Fussell, Robert, 1875-1943

Relevant locations: Clifton Springs (N.Y.)

A00180227. Graceanna Lewis letter to Robert Fussell, 1884-03-22.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. Robert Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's great-nephew. Lewis reflects on Fussell as a baby and shares a memory of him smelling flowers with her. She thanks him for giving her descriptions on his young brother Lewis, as Graceanna Lewis is unable to see him growing up but she delights in what she is told of him. Lewis tells Fussell how lucky he is to have such a loving family, as there are children who do not have this privilege. One of her student's fathers gave her an "aquarium" (fish tank) for school use and she explains the types of materials the students have helped her place in it for the fish they will get. She also gives tips for growing plants at home.

Subjects: Botany; Fishes; Education; Flowers; Girls' schools; Women teachers; Women in education; Fussell, Alice, 1871-1955; Fussell, Robert, 1875-1943

Relevant locations: Clifton Springs (N.Y.); Media (Pa.)

A00180228. Graceanna Lewis letter to Rebecca Lewis Fussell, 1884-05-21.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Rebecca Lewis Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's sister. Lewis recounts how a Miss Watkins asked her whether she wanted to be addressed as ''Miss'' or ''Professor'' on paper, and Lewis states that although she would prefer the title Professor, considering she does do a large amount of work in teaching students, unfortunately since the institution where she teaches is ''not an endowed one,'' she cannot take this title. She laments that this would maybe have helped her publish her book. Lewis writes of her stress about the work she has to create for her students on the topics of Geology, Paleontology, Botany, and Zoology. She mentions that she has been examining over fifty plants as of late and hopes to look at more. Lewis brings up a ''Miss Kelsie'' who has worked as a missionary in China and talks about her interest in ''foreign people.''

Subjects: Women authors; Geology; Paleontology; Botany; Zoology; China; Travel; Quaker missionaries

Relevant locations: Clifton Springs (N.Y.); China

A00180229. Graceanna Lewis letter to Rebecca Lewis Fussell, 1884-05-31.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Rebecca Lewis Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's sister. Lewis confides that she is ''tired, tired, tired'' of correcting papers and answering students' questions because there is no time to do all that should be done. She has found it hard to enjoy herself due to exhaustion, and looks forward to Fussell's daughter Mary "Mollie" Fussell's upcoming birthday.

Subjects: Diseases; Science--Study and teaching; Birthdays; Teachers

Relevant locations: Clifton Springs (N.Y.)

A00180230. Graceanna Lewis letter to Rebecca Lewis Fussell, 1884-08-24.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Rebecca Lewis Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's sister. Lewis discusses her recent trip to Chester County, where she came across old friends, Elijah F. and others, the former who was now stricken with neuralgia and malaria. She recounts the adventure viewing orchards and ''the Old Grove yard'' and describes furniture that belonged to her Grandfather Lewis.

Subjects: Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia; Travel; Furniture

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Chester County (Pa.); Chester Springs (Pa.)

A00180231. Graceanna Lewis letter to Rebecca Lewis Fussell, 1884-09-03.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Rebecca Lewis Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's sister. Lewis expresses her thankfulness that Lewis is ''getting better.'' She also mentions a scientific convention that is happening soon and suggests that Linnaeus Fussell would greatly benefit from attending and meeting professionals in the scientific field.

Subjects: Fussell, Linnaeus, 1842-1907; Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia; Congresses and conventions; Science; Botany; Zoology

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.); Clifton Springs (N.Y.); Media (Pa.)

A00180232. Graceanna Lewis letter to Rebecca Lewis Fussell, 1884-09-21.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Rebecca Lewis Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's sister. Lewis tells of how she only had one nights' sleep and had been traveling on the first day of the school year. She talks of a mother who brought her daughter to the school who was afflicted with scarlet fever, measles, and whooping cough with another daughter who is completely blind.

Subjects: Diseases; Students; Women in education; Women teachers

Relevant locations: Clifton Springs (N.Y.)

A00180233. Esther Jane Trimble letter to Graceanna Lewis, 1884-09-26.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Signed "E" and likely written by Graceanna Lewis's cousin Esther Jane Trimble Lippincott. She describes her trip to England and his visit to Charlotte Brontë's home. She plans to go to Ireland next. The main reason for her letter is to make a request to have an inscribed stone to the memory of her parents placed in Merion.

Subjects: Travel; Sepulchral monuments; Brontë, Charlotte, 1816-1855

Relevant locations: Haworth (England)

A00180234. Graceanna Lewis letter to Rebecca Lewis Fussell, 1884-10-05.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Rebecca Lewis Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's sister. Lewis discusses her classes, lectures, and students. She wonders if Fussell attended a temperance meeting.

Subjects: Women in education; Women teachers; Temperance

Relevant locations: Clifton Springs (N.Y.)

A00180235. Graceanna Lewis letter to Rebecca Lewis Fussell, 1884-10-12.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Rebecca Lewis Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's sister. Lewis describes the letters she has received and describes news of friends and family. She also describes an instance in which she attended a lecture on schools allowing hazing of younger boys, which infuriated her, and she compares the system to slavery in America.

Subjects: Hazing

Relevant locations: Clifton Springs (N.Y.)

A00180236. Graceanna Lewis letter to Rebecca Lewis Fussell, 1884-11-17.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Rebecca Lewis Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's sister. Lewis discusses the lack of proper heating in the school which made her ill and how she can fix the issue.

Subjects: School buildings--Heating and ventilation; Choral singing

Relevant locations: Clifton Springs (N.Y.)

A00180237. Graceanna Lewis letter to Rebecca Lewis Fussell, 1884-11-30.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Rebecca Lewis Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's sister. Lewis discusses having "Essie" (likely her cousin Esther Jane Trimble Lippincott) stay with her and how she and others enjoy hearing about her travels. She includes a discussion of politics, particularly regarding a politician who has changed his opinion on temperance.

Subjects: Temperance; Trimble, Esther Jane, 1838-1888

Relevant locations: Media (Pa.)

A00180238. Graceanna Lewis letter to Rebecca Lewis Fussell, 1884-12-17.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Rebecca Lewis Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's sister. Lewis mentions the scientific drawings she is working on for the "New Orleans Exposition" (World Cotton Centennial) and the goings-on around her house (the repair of furniture, the use of her parlor, etc). She mentions her upcoming travel plans.

Subjects: Women scientists; Scientific illustration; World's Industrial and Cotton Centennial Exposition; Furniture--Repairing

Relevant locations: Clifton Springs (N.Y.)

A00180239. Graceanna Lewis letter to Ellen Fussell Cope, 1884-12-30.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Ellen "Nellie" Fussell Cope was Graceanna Lewis's great-nice. Lewis compliments her on how nice the letter she received was and lets her know that she is loved and has a great family.

Subjects: Personal correspondence; Cope, Ellen Fussell, 1878-1953

Relevant locations: Clifton Springs (N.Y.)

A00180240. Graceanna Lewis letter to Robert Fussell, 1884-12-30.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Robert Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's great-nephew. Lewis recalls an experience watching a Luna moth come out of its cocoon, explains how it adjusts to life afterward, and tells him where he might find one. She also mentions how fortunate he is for his family and how much she enjoys receiving cards and letters.

Subjects: Cocoons; Luna moth; Fussell, Robert, 1875-1943

Relevant locations: Clifton Springs (N.Y.)

A00180241. Graceanna Lewis letter to Rebecca Lewis Fussell, 1885-01-01.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Rebecca Lewis Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's sister. Lewis describes how much she enjoys some muslin she bought recently. She mentions a recent visit from Charles Gordon Ames and describes her life teaching at the Foster School for Girls.

Subjects: Muslin; Women teachers; Ames, Charles Gordon, 1828-1912

Relevant locations: Clifton Springs (N.Y.)

A00180242. Graceanna Lewis letter to Ellen Fussell Cope, 1885-01-04.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Ellen "Nellie" Fussell Cope was Graceanna Lewis's great-nice. Lewis thanks her for the letter she received. She discusses dolls and encourages Nellie to make clothes and furniture for them. She also mentions her students buying microscopes and all of the "pests" they have subsequently viewed with them

Subjects: Dolls; Dollhouses; Microscopes; Alice's adventures in Wonderland (Carroll, Lewis); Holidays

Relevant locations: Clifton Springs (N.Y.)

A00180243. Graceanna Lewis letter to Rebecca Lewis Fussell, 1885-02-01.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Rebecca Lewis Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's sister. Lewis discusses paying back her debts. She also discusses the upcoming school year at the Foster School for Girls, where Lewis was teaching at the time, and her goals of improving the students' grammar and writing skills.

Subjects: Debt; Women in education; Women teachers; Fussell, Robert, 1875-1943

Relevant locations: Clifton Springs (N.Y.)

A00180244. Graceanna Lewis letter to Robert Fussell, 1885-02-02.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Robert Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's great-nephew. Lewis tells him how happy she is he had a good Christmas and inquires if he is staying safe while sledding and walking in the woods. She also notes her surprise that her students at the Foster School for Girls are unfamiliar with seeds and how to plant them.

Subjects: Seeds; Women in education; Women teachers; Fussell, Robert, 1875-1943

Relevant locations: Clifton Springs (N.Y.)

A00180245. Graceanna Lewis letter to Mary Townsend Fussell and Henry M. Fussell, 1885-02-12.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Mary Townsend Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's niece, and Henry M. Fussell was Mary Townsend Fussell's husband. Lewis thanks them for a picture she received of their child. She also details the lack of heat in her school, which caused her plants to freeze and forced her to hold classes in her private bedroom.

Subjects: Women in education; Women teachers

Relevant locations: Clifton Springs (N.Y.)

A00180246. Graceanna Lewis letter to Rebecca Lewis Fussell, 1885-02-26.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Rebecca Lewis Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's sister. Lewis asks for news of Fussell's family. She was glad to learn that ''Eddie'' (presumably Fussell's son Edwin Neal Fussell) was confirmed and hopes he does not postpone his wedding.

Subjects: Lewis, Graceanna, 1821-1912

Relevant locations: Clifton Springs (N.Y.)

A00180247. Graceanna Lewis letter to Mary Townsend Fussell, 1885-03-06.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Mary Townsend Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's niece. Lewis talks about how fortunate Fussell is for her ''happy home'' and advises her to rest often. She also recommends solutions for poor circulation and encloses money for her children.

Subjects: Fussell, Mary Townsend, 1849-1935

Relevant locations: Clifton Springs (N.Y.)

A00180248. Graceanna Lewis letter to Rebecca Lewis Fussell, 1885-03-08.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Rebecca Lewis Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's sister. Lewis discusses a book on George Eliot she is reading and encourages her sister to read it, too. She discusses family members and says she is having her students make aprons for children in Germantown. She also describes photographs of Niagara that were displayed via projection.

Subjects: Eliot, George, 1819-1880; Sewing; Anti-slavery Convention

Relevant locations: Clifton Springs (N.Y.)

A00180249. Graceanna Lewis letter to Mary Townsend Fussell, 1885-03-27.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Mary Townsend Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's niece. Lewis is making dresses and aprons for Fussell's children. She writes about her students at the Foster School for Girls and how pleased she is they are learning so well despite having little time to study.

Subjects: Sewing; Girls--Education; Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia

Relevant locations: Clifton Springs (N.Y.)

A00180250. Graceanna Lewis letter to Rebecca Lewis Fussell, 1885-04-15.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. Rebecca Lewis Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's sister. Lewis is recovering from an attack of pleurisy, as well as a burn caused by a ''mixture of chloroform, ammonia, and alcohol.'' She worries about the fact she has not heard from her sister in two weeks and complains about the local post office which lost several letters to her, including one from Antoinette Brown Blackwell. She is also concerned of her apparently tenuous position at the Foster School for Girls and complains about another teacher who lectures inaccurately.

Subjects: Women--Health and hygiene; Women teachers; Women in education; Lewis, Graceanna, 1821-1912

Relevant locations: Clifton Springs (N.Y.)

A00180251. Graceanna Lewis letter to Rebecca Lewis Fussell, 1885-06-01.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Rebecca Lewis Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's sister. It is their deceased sister Mariann Lewis's birthday, and Lewis reflects on her life. She is concerned about the recent health issues of Samuel Mifflin, the husband of her friend Hannah Wright Mifflin. She is unsure if she will be asked to return to teach at the Foster School for Girls next year.

Subjects: Death; Bereavement; Women in education; Women teachers; Mifflin, Samuel W. (Samuel Wright), 1805-1885; Lewis, Mariann, 1819-1866

Relevant locations: Clifton Springs (N.Y.)

A00180252. Graceanna Lewis letter fragment, 1886.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Lewis was delighted to learn of the marriage of Dr. Isaac Garrett Smedley to Elizabeth Kirk Hallowell, which took place on August 19, 1886. Includes a transcription of a poem.

Subjects: Marriage

A00180253. Graceanna Lewis letter to Charles Lewis Fussell, approximately 1886-1888.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Charles Lewis Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's nephew. Lewis describes visiting Fussell's sister Mary and her children and her wish to paint a portrait of the family, or to have Fussell, a prominent artist, paint the family.

Subjects: Fussell, Charles Lewis, 1840-1909; Fussell, Mary Townsend, 1849-1935

Relevant locations: Clifton Springs (N.Y.)

A00180254. Esther Ann Jacobs letter to Graceanna Lewis, 1886-05-09.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Esther Ann Jacobs was Graceanna Lewis's cousin. She is grateful to receive the painting of a rose from Lewis and recounts how she also received a bunch of roses from someone else. She talks of plants she has received over the years as well as plants she intends on obtaining. She also briefly mentions a commencement ceremony for students at the Spring Valley School.

Subjects: Gifts; Plants, Ornamental; Commencement ceremonies; Lewis, Graceanna, 1821-1912

A00180255. Graceanna Lewis letter to her cousin, 1886-12-25.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Lewis is concerned about her cousin's health after learning about a recent illness. Lewis discusses her family's Christmas activities. She also mentions declining an invitation to attend the christening of her nephew Edwin Fussell's child as it "wouldn't do for Quakers."

Subjects: Christmas; Baptism; Quakers

Relevant locations: Media (Pa.)

A00180256. Graceanna Lewis letter to her cousin, 1887-03-11.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Lewis admits she wrote the article on Abby Kimber and the Kimberton Boarding School that was recently published in the Friends Intelligencer because she felt that it ought to be done and it was important to leave a record of the kind of instruction Kimber gave. She also discusses some plants she received from her cousin Ada Fussell and says she wishes she had time to draw them, as well as attend and give lectures. She gives a brief explanation of oak leaves.

Subjects: Feature writing; Plants, Ornamental; Oak; Kimberton Boarding School; Books and reading; Kimber, Abby, 1804-1871

Relevant locations: Media (Pa.)

A00180257. Graceanna Lewis letter to her cousin, 1887-03-13.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Appears to be to the same recipient as A00180256. Lewis discusses oak leaves. She also discusses temperance, particularly a petition put forth to the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania prohibiting the granting of a licence in Washington County.

Subjects: Oak; Temperance; Liquor laws; Pennsylvania. Supreme Court

Relevant locations: Media (Pa.)

A00180258. Graceanna Lewis letter to Ellen Fussell Cope, 1890-08-26.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Ellen "Nellie" Fussell Cope was Graceanna Lewis's great-niece. Lewis transcribes the poem "Selfless Love" for Nellie on her twelfth birthday.

Subjects: Poetry; Cope, Ellen Fussell, 1878-1953

Relevant locations: Media (Pa.)

A00180259. Graceanna Lewis letter to Mary Townsend Fussell, 1890-10-23.
Scope and Contents

1 page. Mary Townsend Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's niece. Lewis regrets not being able to visit Fussell but reminds her how loved she is by her family.

Subjects: Personal correspondence

Relevant locations: Media (Pa.)

A00180260. Graceanna Lewis letter to her cousin, 1890-11-18.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Lewis discusses the life of her great-great-grandfather Solomon Fussell, whom she says joined the Society of Friends by chance. She also discusses other family history.

Subjects: Genealogy; Fussell, Solomon, 1704-1762; Quakers; Society of Friends

Relevant locations: Media (Pa.)

A00180261. Graceanna Lewis letter, 1893-04-02.
Scope and Contents

10 pages. Addressed to "Hannah" and likely to Graceanna Lewis's friend and fellow Quaker Hannah Wright Mifflin. Lewis is grateful that Hannah endures illness with such strength and spirit. She writes that she has been painting non-stop to fulfill an order for 50 paintings. She brings up that she has been trying to get 5 of her scientific paintings copyrighted. She marvels at the presentation of a ''microphone'' at a recent meeting. She mentions reading a sermon which attacked evolutionists and criticizes the writer and those who follow him. She then talks about how the temperance movement has faced resistance in Chester, Pennsylvania, where there are many saloons, and how this has made their efforts in Media harder. She also writes in detail about the case of Walter Mintzer, a child whose parents had died in an accident in Philadelphia and whose grandparents were in a bitter battle for custody for him.

Subjects: Scientific illustration; Temperance; Women scientists; Human evolution; Custody of children

Relevant locations: Chester (Pa.); Media (Pa.); Philadelphia County (Pa.); Delaware County (Pa.)

A00180262. Graceanna Lewis letter, 1893-04-30.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Addressed to "Hannah" and likely to Graceanna Lewis's friend and fellow Quaker Hannah Wright Mifflin. Lewis shares the news that her sister Rebecca Lewis Fussell has died from an illness. She describes the hours before her death and informs her that funeral plans have not yet been made.

Subjects: Diseases; Death; Fussell, Rebecca L. (Rebecca Lewis), 1820-1893

Relevant locations: Media (Pa.)

A00180263. Graceanna Lewis letter, 1893-05-06.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Addressed to "Hannah" and likely to Graceanna Lewis's friend and fellow Quaker Hannah Wright Mifflin. Lewis writes that her cousin Maria Fussell is ill and her children have been taking care of her.

Subjects: Illness; Fussell, Maria Douglas, 1822-1897

Relevant locations: Media (Pa.)

A00180264. Graceanna Lewis letter, 1893-05-09.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Addressed to "Hannah" and likely to Graceanna Lewis's friend and fellow Quaker Hannah Wright Mifflin. Lewis shares that she is working on paintings for the Pennsylvania Forestry Commission. She then writes in great detail about her sister Rebecca Lewis Fussell's funeral. Her cousin Maria Fussell remains ill.

Subjects: Funeral rites and ceremonies; Fussell, Rebecca L. (Rebecca Lewis), 1820-1893; Fussell, Maria Douglas, 1822-1897

Relevant locations: Media (Pa.)

A00180265. Esther Ann Jacobs letter to Graceanna Lewis, 1895-07-22.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Esther Ann Jacobs was Graceanna Lewis's cousin. She writes to acknowledge receiving Lewis's letter and expresses sadness over the death of Lewis's nephew Edwin Neal Fussell. She also includes a short piece on her memories of the Kimberton Boarding School, which she and Lewis both attended.

Subjects: Bereavement; Boarding schools; Girls' schools; Kimberton Boarding School; Kimber, Abby, 1804-1871; Burleigh, Gertrude K.

A00180266. Esther Ann Jacobs letter to Graceanna Lewis, 1896-03-09.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Esther Ann Jacobs was Graceanna Lewis's cousin. She shares some memories of Lewis's mother, Esther Fussell Lewis, and adds that she has been reaching out to family members to send Lewis recollections of her mother.

Subjects: Records and correspondence; Lewis, Esther Fussell, 1782-1848

A00180267. Esther Ann Jacobs letter to Graceanna Lewis, 1896-03-28.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Esther Ann Jacobs was Graceanna Lewis's cousin. She encloses an article (no longer attached) written by Joseph B. Lewis about a mob that attacked several abolitionists, including Frederick Douglass, in 1843 in Pendleton, Indiana. Jacobs also shares some of her own recollections about the event. She thanks Lewis for sending her the beautiful leaves.

Subjects: Abolitionists; Mobs; Douglass, Frederick, 1818-1895; Lewis, Graceanna, 1821-1912

A00180268. Ada Fussell letter to Graceanna Lewis, 1896-12-22.
Scope and Contents

7 pages. Ada Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's cousin. She expresses concern over Lewis's eye troubles. She wishes she could come stay with her for the winter.

Subjects: Lewis, Graceanna, 1821-1912; Travel; Eye

Relevant locations: Spiceland (Ind.)

A00180269. Graceanna Lewis biographical sketch, 1897-04-17.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Graceanna Lewis recounts her life, work, and family relations, apparently for a book or article that the recipient "Sarah" is writing.

Subjects: Lewis, Graceanna, 1821-1912; Genealogy; Biographies; Scientific illustration; Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia

Relevant locations: Media (Pa.)

A00180270. Graceanna Lewis letter, 1899-06-29.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Addressed to "Hannah" and likely to Graceanna Lewis's friend and fellow Quaker Hannah Wright Mifflin. Lewis talk about an impending visit from her distant cousin Evangeline Lewis from Pendleton, Indiana. She will be staying for three weeks and is a ''special friend'' to Lewis's great-niece Alice Fussell, as they were roommates during their time at Bloomington University (now Indiana University, Bloomington).

Subjects: Lewis, Evangeline E., 1865-1950; Fussell, Alice, 1871-1955

Relevant locations: Media (Pa.)

A00180271. Graceanna Lewis letter, 1899-08-17.
Scope and Contents

12 pages. Addressed to "Hannah" and likely to Graceanna Lewis's friend and fellow Quaker Hannah Wright Mifflin. Lewis talks at length about a trip she, her great-niece Alice Fussell, and their cousin Evangeline Lewis took to Longport, New Jersey. She was very productive and made many animal charts for the Delaware County Institute of Science. They stayed with Ellen H. McCullough, who was raised by Lewis and her sisters, and her husband, M. Simpson McCullough, who was the Mayor of Longport.

Subjects: Women scientists; Delaware County Institute of Science (Delaware County, Pa.); New Jersey--Longport; McCullough, Ellen H. (Eleanor H.), 1839-1926

Relevant locations: Media (Pa.); Longport (N.J.)

A00180272. Graceanna Lewis letter, 1899-10-06.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. Addressed to "Hannah" and likely to Graceanna Lewis's friend and fellow Quaker Hannah Wright Mifflin. Lewis apologizes for not replying to Hannah sooner. She describes going through her letters and burning many of them. She discusses the plants and trees she encountered at the Minshall-Painter Arboretum (now the Tyler Arboretum) and the different plants she is growing at home and hopes to grow. She also talks about some social events she recently attended, including the Friends First Day School and a woman's club reception.

Subjects: Botany; Plants; Women scientists; Quakers; Society of Friends; Arboretums; Trees; Women--Societies and clubs; John J. Tyler Arboretum (Lima, Pa.)

Relevant locations: Media (Pa.)

A00180273. Graceanna Lewis letter, 1899-10-21.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Addressed to "Hannah" and likely to Graceanna Lewis's friend and fellow Quaker Hannah Wright Mifflin. Lewis discusses the value of fresh air and spending time outside. She describes her efforts to paint the autumn trees and capture their coloring. She talks in detail about an fascinating lecture she attended at the woman's club on the Madonnas; she plans to get a collection of Madonnas through the Perry Picture Company. She rebukes the practice of teachers whipping students and hopes to get the Women's Christian Temperance Union to take up the cause of ending the practice. She also discusses her niece Anna Fussell and nephew Charles Fussell, whom she was living with. She mentions that her eyes have delayed her from finishing some drawings of trees.

Subjects: Fall foliage; Scientific illustration; Women scientists; Perry Pictures Company; Mary, Blessed Virgin, Saint; Symbolism--Religious aspects; Students--Abuse of; Women--Societies and clubs; Fussell, Charles Lewis, 1840-1909

Relevant locations: Media (Pa.)

A00180274. Graceanna Lewis letter, 1899-12-25.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Addressed to "Hannah" and likely to Graceanna Lewis's friend and fellow Quaker Hannah Wright Mifflin. Lewis describes the gifts she received for Christmas and says she plans to have Christmas dinner with her niece Mary Townsend Fussell and her family. She complains of pains in her left foot which make it difficult for her to walk and suspects it may be rheumatism. She also talks about issues with her vision. She describes the treatment her cousin Ada "Adie" Fussell is undergoing for cancer.

Subjects: Christmas; Cancer--Treatment; Fussell, Lydia Ada, 1837-1900; Lewis, Graceanna, 1821-1912

Relevant locations: Media (Pa.)

A00180275. Esther Fussell Lewis letter fragment, 1821-1848.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Esther Fussell Lewis was Graceanna Lewis's mother. She transcribes a portion of a letter from Graceanna Lewis's cousin Esther Ann Jacobs. She also describes a ''refugee'' who escaped manhunters, which may be an account of someone who escaped enslavement through the Underground Railroad.

Subjects: Underground Railroad; Antislavery movements; Jacobs, Esther Ann Fussell, 1818-1901

A00180276. Graceanna Lewis letter, 1900-02-04.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Addressed to "Hannah" and likely to Graceanna Lewis's friend and fellow Quaker Hannah Wright Mifflin. Graceanna Lewis discusses the pros and cons of houses she is considering renting. She also discusses some books she has been reading.

Subjects: Rental housing; Books and reading

Relevant locations: Media (Pa.)

A00180277. Graceanna Lewis letter, 1900-04-15.
Scope and Contents

7 pages. Addressed to "Hannah" and likely to Graceanna Lewis's friend and fellow Quaker Hannah Wright Mifflin. Lewis is preparing to move and has been going through her old letters and burning many of them. She is also going through the papers of her cousin, Esther Jane Trimble Lippincott, and is determining which letters should be burned and which should be saved. It is Easter, and Lewis describes her plans for the occasion. She mentions the death of their cousin Milcah Martha Lewis and her concern over her cousin Esther Ann Jacobs' declining health.

Subjects: Personal correspondence; Trimble, Esther Jane, 1838-1888; Jacobs, Esther Ann, 1833-1900; Rental housing; Bereavement

Relevant locations: Media (Pa.)

A00180278. Graceanna Lewis letter, 1900-05-07.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Addressed to "Hannah" and likely to Graceanna Lewis's friend and fellow Quaker Hannah Wright Mifflin. Lewis is in the process of moving and describes the progress. She also praises the beauty of the apple tree in spring.

Subjects: Moving, Household; Fruit trees; Lewis, Graceanna, 1821-1912; Fussell, Charles Lewis, 1840-1909; Fussell, Linnaeus, 1842-1907

Relevant locations: Media (Pa.)

A00180279. Graceanna Lewis letter, 1900-05-27.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Addressed to "Hannah" and likely to Graceanna Lewis's friend and fellow Quaker Hannah Wright Mifflin. Lewis shares the news of her cousin Ada Fussell's death and the mourning afterward. She also describes hurting her ankle in a fall and her subsequent convalescence.

Subjects: Bereavement; Lewis, Graceanna, 1821-1912; Convalescence; Wounds and injuries; Fussell, Lydia Ada, 1837-1900

Relevant locations: Media (Pa.)

A00180280. Graceanna Lewis letter, 1900-06-22.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. Addressed to "Hannah" and likely to Graceanna Lewis's friend and fellow Quaker Hannah Wright Mifflin. Lewis describes in detail the home she has recently moved into and its surroundings, particularly the plants and animals, and includes a sketch of her bedroom. n She also shares some news of her family. She closes with a discussion of books she has been reading, including ''Little Women'' and ''Bleak House.''

Subjects: Moving, Household; Sick; Fiction; Books and reading; Lewis, Graceanna, 1821-1912

Relevant locations: Media (Pa.)

A00180281. Graceanna Lewis letter, 1900-08-16.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Addressed to "Dear Friend." Lewis describes the flowers that are blooming near her new home and is optimistic that there are many pretty colors to come; she has not yet determined where to plant her morning glories. She is still recovering from her ankle injury and discusses her recent activities. Her eye troubles prevent her from reading as much as she used to.

Subjects: Plants--Flowering of--Flowering time; Morning glories; Gardening; Convalescence; Books and reading; Lewis, Graceanna, 1821-1912

Relevant locations: Media (Pa.)

A00180282. Graceanna Lewis letter, 1900-08-27.
Scope and Contents

12 pages. Addressed to "Hannah" and likely to Graceanna Lewis's friend and fellow Quaker Hannah Wright Mifflin. Lewis provides a great deal of information about several of her family members. She also describes her daily routine, her health, and the state of her garden. She has read several books recently, including "James and Lucretia Mott: Life and Letters" by their granddaughter Anna Davis Hallowell. Lewis also recently read an article on Nikola Tesla, whom she greatly admires. She describes the recent damage done by a tornado, which she witnessed while sitting on the porch.

Subjects: Lewis, Graceanna, 1821-1912; Mott, Lucretia, 1793-1880; Tesla, Nikola, 1856-1943; Natural history; Oak; Tornado damage; Severe storms; Fussell, Alice, 1871-1955; Books and reading

Relevant locations: Media (Pa.)

A00180283. Graceanna Lewis letter, 1900-09-10.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Addressed to "Hannah" and likely to Graceanna Lewis's friend and fellow Quaker Hannah Wright Mifflin. Lewis explains that she was unable to write earlier because her nephews came over to her home to use her microscope and she was subsequently invited to dinner with their parents. She also talks about some house repairs that she is having done. She also discusses her plants and some family affairs.

Subjects: Microscopes; Morning glories; Sewing; Marriage; Fussell, Mary Townsend, 1849-1935

Relevant locations: Media (Pa.)

A00180284. Esther Ann Jacobs letter to Graceanna Lewis, 1901-01-06.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Esther Ann Jacobs was Graceanna Lewis's cousin. She shares the news that the wife of an old neighbor has passed away and gives general family updates.

Subjects: Death; Lewis, Graceanna, 1821-1912

A00180285. Graceanna Lewis letter, 1901-07-21.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Addressed to "Dear Friend." Lewis expresses that she understands her friend is busy, so she has reduced the number of letters she sends so as to not overwhelm her. Lewis tells of her ankle injury sustained the prior year which prevents her from moving around much. She describes the upkeep of her garden and some of the books she has been reading.

Subjects: Records and correspondence; Books and reading; Fussell, Charles Lewis, 1840-1909; Gardening

Relevant locations: Media (Pa.)

A00180286. Graceanna Lewis letter, 1902-01-05.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Addressed to "Dear Friend." Lewis describes her Christmas activities and praises the artistic talents of her nephew Charles Lewis Fussell and the photography skills of her great-nephew Robert Fussell. She says she knows all about birds and trees but lacks a good knowledge of history.

Subjects: Artists; Fussell, Charles Lewis, 1840-1909; Fussell, Robert, 1875-1943; Landscape painting

Relevant locations: Media (Pa.); Longport (N.J.)

A00180287. Rebecca L. Swain letter to Graceanna Lewis, 1902-12-22.
Scope and Contents

3 pages. Rebecca Swain was Graceanna Lewis's distant cousin. She sends Lewis letters that Swain's mother found that were written by Lewis's parents (letters no longer attached). She adds that she enjoyed reading Lewis's letters to her brother Joseph Swain, a prominent academic.

Subjects: Quakers; Swain, Joseph, 1857-1927; Lewis, Graceanna, 1821-1912

Relevant locations: Indiana

A00180288. Graceanna Lewis letter, 1902-04-26.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Addressed to "Dear Friend." Lewis talks about her niece Ellen Fussell (Cope) and transcribes a poem she wrote. She has been doing a lot of painting and says her nephew Charles Lewis Fussell, a prominent artist has been helping her improve her skills and also talks about some of his recent paintings. She describes observing a pair of cardinals and adds that what she has seen written about their behavior has been confirmed through her observations. Lewis affirms that she ''has not yet given up [her] scientific studies'' and is working on her charts, though she is not sure they will ever be published.

Subjects: Painting; Artists; Scientific illustration; Delaware County Institute of Science (Delaware County, Pa.); Birds; Swarthmore College; Science--Study and teaching; Cope, Ellen Fussell, 1878-1953; Fussell, Charles Lewis, 1840-1909

Relevant locations: Media (Pa.)

A00180289. Graceanna Lewis letter fragment, 1902-06-08.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Fragment. Addressed to "Dear Friend." Lewis discusses how she wants to be better at keeping constant and frequent communication through letters with her friend. She also talks about her scientific charts and how she is planning to change them, her observations of organisms where she lives, and her readings of Elizabeth Barrett Browning and other poets.

Subjects: Scientific illustration; Birds; Botany; Fussell, Alice, 1871-1955; Fussell, Charles, 1840-1909; Books and reading

Relevant locations: Media (Pa.)

A00180290. Graceanna Lewis letter, 1903-01-25.
Scope and Contents

10 pages. Addressed to "Dear Friend." Lewis talks about a snowstorm that has hit the East Coast. She describes her routine and makes it apparent that she believes in waking up early so as to maximize productivity. Lewis mentions a well-liked neighbor, who though, ''is a Catholic . . . our difference in religious belief is not a theme to dwell upon in view of her practical human kindness.'' She read a book about the lives of individuals who lived in Wales and had similar names to her own ancestors, and gives an overview of her family history dating back to the original Lewis family. The last two pages are floor plan sketches of her house.

Subjects: Snow; Birds; New England; Quakers; Catholics; Religious tolerance; Journalism, Scientific; Mary, Queen of Scots, 1542-1587; Wales; Family History; Scientific illustration; Geology; Paleontology; Floor plans; Drawing

Relevant locations: Media (Pa.)

A00180291. Graceanna Lewis letter to Grace R. Lewis, 1903-11-20.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Copied letter. Grace R. Lewis may have been a relative of Graceanna Lewis', and they took up corresponding in order to determine if they were related. Graceanna Lewis recounts her family's history, from the first ancestor of hers to come to America with William Penn to her late father, John Lewis.

Subjects: Penn, William, 1644-1718; Quakers; Lewis, John, 1781-1824; Family history; Genealogy

Relevant locations: Media (Pa.)

A00180292. Graceanna Lewis letter, 1904-03-27.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Addressed to "Dear Friend." Lewis thanks her friend for sending Easter gifts. She expresses her relief that winter is over as she has been suffering from rheumatism which has made it hard for her to move around. She acknowledges that she is getting older and is closer to passing away. She writes that her nephew Charles Fussell, whom she was living with, has taken up the study of their genealogy, and she has begun corresponding with a woman named Grace R. Lewis who may be a relative. She also talks about Fussell's paintings which have been been displayed in several exhibitions.

Subjects: Easter; Rheumatism; Death; Family history; Genealogy; Fussell, Charles Lewis, 1840-1909

Relevant locations: Media (Pa.)

A00180293. Graceanna Lewis letter to Mary Townsend Fussell, 1904-10-23.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Mary Townsend Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's niece. She wishes her a happy birthday and shares a memory of her as a child.

Subjects: Birthdays; Poetry; Fussell, Mary Townsend, 1849-1935

A00180294. Graceanna Lewis letter to Alice Fussell and Robert Fussell, 1905-01-01.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Alice and Robert Fussell were Graceanna Lewis's great-niece and great-nephew, respectively. Lewis informs them that she is now writing without her glasses on. She wishes them a Happy New Year and expresses how blessed she feels to have her family.

Subjects: Fussell, Alice, 1871-1955; Fussell, Robert, 1875-1943

Relevant locations: Media (Pa.)

A00180295. Graceanna Lewis letter, 1906-12-28.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Addressed to "Dear Friend." Lewis discusses the Christmas cards and gifts she's received, expressing particular delight at receiving the book "Sharp Eyes" by Hamilton Gibson, whom she admires greatly. She mentions that she has little desire to write letters, mostly because it is painful and she worries that it is a result of neuralgia. She discusses corresponding with Grace R. Lewis, a woman she became acquainted with through a cousin and whom she suspects may be a relative.

Subjects: Christmas; Neuralgia; Gibson, W. Hamilton (William Hamilton), 1850-1896; Fussell, Mary Townsend, 1849-1935

Relevant locations: Media (Pa.)

A00180296. Graceanna Lewis letter to Alice Fussell, 1910.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Alice Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's great-niece. Lewis tells her to buy enough lace for a dress the next time she is in a town where good quality lace is made.

Subjects: Lace and lace making; Clothing and dress; Memory

A00180297. Graceanna Lewis letter to Henry Moore Fussell, 1910-03-08.
Scope and Contents

1 page. Likely written to Graceanna Lewis's great-nephew Henry Moore Fussell Jr. Lewis sends a letter of sympathy and reminds him how much she loves him.

Subjects: Sympathy

Relevant locations: Media (Pa.)

A00180298. Graceanna Lewis letter to Alice Fussell, 1910-06-13.
Scope and Contents

8 pages. Alice Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's great-niece. Lewis expresses her positive feelings about Fussell's recent voyage. She also writes what has been happening at home since she left on a day by day basis.

Subjects: Fussell, Alice, 1871-1955; Infants; Birds; Records and correspondence

Relevant locations: Media (Pa.)

A00180299. Graceanna Lewis letter to Mary Townsend Fussell, Henry M. Fussell, and their children, 1910-12-24.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Mary Townsend Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's niece and Henry M. Fussell was Fussell's husband. Lewis expresses great love for her niece and her family.

Subjects: Fussell, Mary Townsend, 1849-1935

Relevant locations: Media (Pa.)

A00180600. Graceanna Lewis letter to Alice Fussell, 1911-06-29.
Scope and Contents

1 page. Alice Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's great-niece. Lewis thanks Fussell for visiting with her.

Subjects: Fussell, Alice, 1871-1955

Relevant locations: Media (Pa.)

A00180601. Graceanna Lewis letter to Joseph Swain, 1912-01-28.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. Joseph Swain, a prominent academic, was Graceanna Lewis's distant cousin. Lewis writes about the graveyard where their family members are buried and discusses their family history and genealogy. She suggests appointing specific members of each family buried in the Pikeland Graveyard to maintain the graves.

Subjects: Genealogy; Swain, Joseph, 1857-1927; Fussell, Charles Lewis, 1840-1909

Relevant locations: Media (Pa.)

A00180602. Ellen H. McCullough letter, 1912-02-28.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Addressed to "Dear Friend." Ellen H. McCullough was raised by Graceanna Lewis and her sisters. She expresses her sadness over the news of Graceanna Lewis's death, whom she says was like a mother to her. She was comforted to hear that Lewis did not suffer.

Subjects: Death; Lewis, Graceanna, 1821-1912

Relevant locations: St. Augustine (Fla.)

A00180603. Esther Ann Jacobs letter to Graceanna Lewis, approximately 1827-1842.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Esther Ann Jacobs was Graceanna Lewis's cousin. She asks if Lewis has been circulating petitions and expresses her outrage for the gag resolution that has been proposed.

Subjects: Lewis, Graceanna, 1821-1912; Travel; Legislative bodies--Freedom of debate; Petitions; Slavery

A00180604. Esther Ann Jacobs letter to Graceanna Lewis, approximately 1827-1842.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Esther Ann Jacobs was Graceanna Lewis's cousin. She apologizes for not writing letters to Lewis sooner. She informs her that her uncle John Thomson [sp] has died and briefly discusses his funeral. She shares some family updates and comments on the weather.

Subjects: Lewis, Graceanna, 1821-1912; Death; Travel; Weather; Families; Widows

Relevant locations: East Pikeland (Pa. : Township); Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00180605. Mary Townsend letter to Graceanna Lewis, approximately 1821-1842.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Signed "M" and likely written by Graceanna Lewis's close friend Mary Townsend. She plans to send Lewis a book they and wonders if Abby Kimber would enjoy it too. The writer also discusses her health issues.

Subjects: Lewis, Graceanna, 1821-1912; Books and reading

A00180606. Letter fragment, approximately 1835-1855.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Fragment. Appears to be addressed to a "Molly," and may also be to "Lizzie" and "Han." The writer discusses family and friends and writes of love for the recipient(s). The writer also expresses great admiration for Cyrus Moses Burleigh.

Subjects: Personal correspondence; Abolitionists; Weather; Townsend, Mary, 1814-; Burleigh, Cyrus Moses, 1820-1855

A00180607. Mary Townsend letter to Graceanna Lewis, approximately 1835-1855.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Fragment. Signed "M" and likely written by Graceanna Lewis's close friend Mary Townsend. The writer discusses family and friends. They discuss some anti-slavery speeches they have read and compliment one given by Charles Burleigh. They also describe their bedroom in great detail.

Subjects: Antislavery movements; Abolitionists; Burleigh, Charles C. (Charles Calistus), 1810-1878

A00180608. Graceanna Lewis letter fragment, approximately 1830-1885.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Fragment. Possibly to Graceanna Lewis's sister Rebecca Lewis Fussell. Lewis talks about a school where she appears to be working.

Subjects: Lewis, Graceanna, 1821-1912

A00180609. Graceanna Lewis letter to Robert Fussell, approximately 1882-1886.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Robert Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's great-nephew. Lewis wants to compile a book of Fussell's letters and asks that he write her often. She mentions seeing amaryllis in a book and tells how it reminded her of charming story from when Fussell was younger.

Subjects: Fussell, Robert, 1875-1943; Amaryllis (Genus)

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00180610. Ada Fussell letter to Graceanna Lewis, approximately 1866-1871.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Ada Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's cousin. She explains to Lewis that her sister Susan Fussell does not consider their accomplishments significant enough for Lewis to write an article about her.

Subjects: Orphans--Services for; Lewis, Graceanna, 1821-1912; Fussell, Susan, 1832-1889

Relevant locations: Spiceland (Ind.)

A00180611. Graceanna Lewis letter to Alice Fussell and Robert Fussell, approximately 1875-1909.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Alice and Robert Fussell were Graceanna Lewis's great-niece and great-nephew, respectively. Lewis recounts things she saw at the Academy of Natural Sciences "soiree," including microscopes and butterflies.

Subjects: Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia; Microscopes; Butterflies; Beetles; Nature--Religious aspects; Quakers; Fussell, Charles Lewis, 1840-1909

Relevant locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)

A00180612. Graceanna Lewis letter fragment, approximately 1842-1912.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Fragment. Written to one of Graceanna Lewis's cousins. She discusses the book she is reading, "Ramona," and its author, Helen Hunt Jackson's. She discusses attending Quaker Meeting and feeling annoyed by a stranger who spoke three times in a rambling manner. She also discusses pricing her work in comparison to the prices of other's work.

Subjects: Jackson, Helen Hunt, 1830-1885; Quakers; Society of Friends; Women in science

A00180613. Graceanna Lewis letter to Mary Townsend Fussell, approximately 1868-1912.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Mary Townsend Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's niece. Lewis requests that Mary come to the Decoration Day ceremony to commemorate those who were lost in the Civil War. She plans to go to the grave of Emma Jane Fussell, Mary Fussell's sister who died while nursing the sick and wounded during the Civil War.

Subjects: Memorials; War victims; Memorial Day; Fussell, Emma Jane, 1839-1862

A00180614. Graceanna Lewis letter to Alice Fussell, approximately 1871-1912.
Scope and Contents

6 pages. Alice Fussell was Graceanna Lewis's great-niece. Lewis transcribes the poem ''God,'' by Gavrila Romanovich Derzhavin, which she says was a favorite of her mother's, Esther Fussell Lewis.

Subjects: Derzhavin, Gavriil Romanovich, 1743-1816; Poetry; Lewis, Esther Fussell, 1782-1848

A00183862. Graceanna Lewis letter fragment, approximately 1883-1885.
Scope and Contents

2 pages. Fragment. Lewis writes that Dr. Loomis, the founder and principal of the Foster School for Girls where Lewis was teaching, suggested that Lewis's portrait may be wanted for the "Portraits of Scientific Men." Lewis is excited at the prospect which she feels will help her become more well known as a naturalist. She would like to have her nephew Charles Lewis Fussell paint her portrait so that it may help make him more well known as an artist.

Subjects: Women scientists; Fussell, Charles Lewis, 1840-1909; Lewis, Graceanna, 1821-1912

Archival Resource Key. Rebecca Fussell Trimble, 1837-1881.
Box 2
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Esther Jane Trimble Lippincott, 1856-1881.
Box 3
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Esther Ann Fussell Jacobs, 1833-1900.
Box 3
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Henry Bartholomew Fussell, 1836-1890 and undated.
Box 3
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Edwin Fussell, 1833-1874 and undated.
Box 3-4
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Rebecca Fussell Lewis, 1837-1892 and undated.
Box 5
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Emma Jane Fussell, 1849-1862 and undated.
Box 5
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Charles Lewis Fussell, 1860-1885.
Box 5
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Linnaeus Fussell, 1858-1907 and undated.
Box 6
Scope and Contents

See also: Ser. 5: E.F. Cope, "Bits of Background"

Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Edith Johnson Fussell, 1868-1907 and undated.
Box 6
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Ellen Fussell Cope, 1884-1952 and undated.
Box 6
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Anna Fussell, 1856-1894 and undated.
Box 6
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Henry Moore Fussell, to 1917.
Box 7
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Mary Townsend Fussell, 1860-1923.
Box 7
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Alice Fussell, 1879-1938.
Box 7
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Robert Fussell, 1883-1930.
Box 7
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Lewis Fussell, 1880-1895.
Box 7
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Henry Moore Fussell Jr., 1893-1938 and undated.
Box 7
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Miscellaneous correspondence of the Lewis and Fussell families, 1811-1900 and undated.
Box 7
Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

1 folder

A00183400. Brown thrasher illustration, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

10.25 x 7.9 in. Illustration by Graceanna Lewis of a brown thrasher, based on a plate from Alexander Wilson's ''American Ornithology.'' Includes notes on the bird's scientific name and physical characteristics.

Subjects: Ornithological illustration; Scientific illustration; Zoological illustration; Birds; Women artists

A00185686. Sunset rose illustration, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

6.75 x 4 in. Illustration of a sunset rose flower, most likely by Graceanna Lewis.

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Roses; Flowers in art; Women artists

A00185687. Aster undulatus illustration, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

5.5 x 7.5 in. Illustration of an Aster undulatus plant, most likely by Graceanna Lewis.

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Flowers in art; Asters; Women artists

A00185688. Aster cordifolius illustration, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

5.5 x 7.5 in. Illustration of a flowering plant, possibly "Aster cordifolius", most likely by Graceanna Lewis.

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Flowers in art; Women artists

A00185689. Forget-me-not illustration, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

4.5 x 6 in. Illustration of a flowering plant, possibly forget-me-nots, most likely by Graceanna Lewis.

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Flowers in art; Women artists

A00185690. Pansy illustration, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

4.3 x 6 in. Illustration of a pansy flower, most likely by Graceanna Lewis. Labeled "No. 4, E.S.J."

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Flowers in art; Pansies; Women artists

A00185691. Red rose illustration, 1903-09-28.
Scope and Contents

5.5 x 5.6 in. Illustration of a rose, possibly a species of tea rose, most likely by Graceanna Lewis.

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Roses; Flowers in art; Women artists

A00185692. Pale rose illustration, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

5.5 x 6.5 in. Illustration of a rose, possibly a type of tea rose, most likely by Graceanna Lewis.

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Roses; Flowers in art; Women artists

A00185693. Pansy illustrations, 1899-06-02.
Scope and Contents

8 x 5.2 in. Illustration of various types of pansy flowers, most likely by Graceanna Lewis.

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Flowers in art; Pansies; Women artists

A00185694. Rose illustration, 1886-06-03.
Scope and Contents

9 x 6 in. Illustration by Graceanna Lewis of an unidentified type of red and maroon colored rose from her sister's yard. Bears Lewis's notes.

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Roses; Flowers in art; Women artists

Relevant locations: Media (Pa.)

A00185695. Graceanna Lewis eastern tiger swallowtail butterfly illustration, 1882-01-21.
Scope and Contents

5.7 x 4.75 in. Illustration of a female Papilio glaucus (eastern tiger swallowtail) butterfly by Graceanna Lewis. Inscribed to her great-nephew Robert Fussell.

Subjects: Butterflies; Papilionidae; Animals in art; Women artists

A00185696. Flower illustrations, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

4.5 x 6 in. Illustrated study of one or more flowers from different angles, most likely by Graceanna Lewis. Possibly depicts a type of Anemone or Hepatica.

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Flowers in art; Women artists

A00185697. Roses illustration, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

7 x 8.5 in. Illustration of pink and white roses, most likely by Graceanna Lewis.

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Roses; Flowers in art; Women artists

A00185698. Flower illustration, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

4.5 x 6 in. Illustrated study of a flower structure from different angles, most likely by Graceanna Lewis. Includes botanical notes. Possibly depicts an Egyptian Starcluster.

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Flowers in art; Women artists

A00185699. Aster azureus illustration, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

5.5 x 8.5 in. Illustration of an Aster azureus (skyblue aster) plant, most likely by Graceanna Lewis.

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Flowers in art; Asters; Women artists

A00185700. Forget-me-not illustration, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

4.5 x 6 in. Illustration of a flowering plant, possibly forget-me-nots, most likely by Graceanna Lewis.

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Flowers in art; Women artists

A00185701. 'La France' rose illustration, 1903-10-26.
Scope and Contents

6 x 7 in. Illustration of a Rosa 'La France' flower, most likely by Graceanna Lewis.

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Roses; Flowers in art; Women artists

A00185702. Aster cordifolius illustration, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

5.4 x 8 in. Illustration of an Aster cordifolius plant, most likely by Graceanna Lewis.

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Flowers in art; Asters; Women artists

A00185703. White flower illustration, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

5.75 x 7.75 in. Illustration of white flowers with red-tipped buds, most likely by Graceanna Lewis.

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Flowers in art; Women artists

A00185704. Calligraphic letters, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

21 pages. Various calligraphic letter samples of the alphabet, most likely by Graceanna Lewis. Includes two illustrated floral borders.

Subjects: Calligraphy; Alphabet; Women artists

A00185705. 'La France' rose illustration, 1906-05-20-1906-05-22.
Scope and Contents

7.33 x 14.25 in. Illustration of Rosa 'La France' flowers, most likely by Graceanna Lewis. Labeled "Mrs. Brooks."

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Roses; Flowers in art; Women artists

A00185706. Sabatia stellaris illustration, 1888-09-12.
Scope and Contents

5.5 x 7.75 in. Illustration of Sabatia stellaris (rose of Plymouth) flowers, most likely by Graceanna Lewis.

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Flowers in art; Sabatia; Women artists

Relevant locations: Longport (N.J.)

A00185707. Plant in seed illustration, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

5.75 x 7.75 in. Illustration of an unidentified plant in seed, most likely by Graceanna Lewis. Labeled "Dr. L.F. [Linnaeus Fussell] Middleterm 'Prairie.'"

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Flowers in art; Women artists

A00185708. Pink flowering plant illustration, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

5.75 x 7 in. Illustration of a plant with small, pink, five petaled flowers, most likely by Graceanna Lewis.

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Flowers in art; Women artists

A00185709. Goldenrod illustration, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

4.5 x 6 in. Illustration of a flowering plant, possibly goldenrod, most likely by Graceanna Lewis.

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Flowers in art; Women artists

A00185710. Safrano rose illustrations, 1902-06-02.
Scope and Contents

4.6 x 7. Illustrations of Safrano roses, most likely by Graceanna Lewis.

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Roses; Flowers in art; Women artists

A00185711. Hibiscus illustration, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

8 x 9 in. Faint sketch of a crimson-scarlet hibiscus flower, most likely by Graceanna Lewis.

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Flowers in art; Hibiscus; Women artists

A00185712. Nasturtium illustration, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

4.4 x 7 in. Illustration of an orange nasturtium flower from different angles, most likely by Graceanna Lewis.

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Flowers in art; Women artists

A00185713. Ruffled pansy illustration, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

4.5 x 6.1 in. Illustration of a ruffled pansy flower, most likely by Graceanna Lewis. Labeled "No. 9. E.S.J."

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Flowers in art; Pansies; Women artists

A00185714. 'La France' rose illustration, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

4.5 x 7.2 in. Illustration of a Rosa 'La France' flower, most likely by Graceanna Lewis. Bear's Lewis's notes on the colors she used.

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Roses; Flowers in art; Women artists

A00185715. Flower illustration, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

3.75 x 5.9 in. Illustration of a plant with white and red flowers, most likely by Graceanna Lewis.

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Flowers in art; Women artists

A00185716. White flowers illustration, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

4.5 x 6 in. Illustration of a plant with white flowers, most likely by Graceanna Lewis. Possibly depicts a type of Anemone. Says "Original" on the back.

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Flowers in art; Women artists

A00185717. Pansy illustration, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

4.6 x 5.6 in. Illustration of a purple, white, and yellow pansy flower, most likely by Graceanna Lewis. Labeled "No. 1. E.S.J."

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Flowers in art; Pansies; Women artists

A00185718. Violet illustration, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

4.4 x 7 in. Illustration of a violet plant by Graceanna Lewis. Back of paper says "Grace-Anna Lewis / for Sarah, from Aunt Helen."

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Flowers in art; Violets; Women artists

A00185719. Pansy illustration, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

4.6 x 5.9 in. Illustration of a purple and yellow pansy flower, most likely by Graceanna Lewis.

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Flowers in art; Pansies; Women artists

A00185720. Nasturtium illustration, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

4.5 x 7 in. Illustration of a nasturtium flower and leaf, most likely by Graceanna Lewis.

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Flowers in art; Women artists

A00185721. Aster plant illustration, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

5.5 x 6.5 in. Illustration of a plant with multiple blue flowers, most likely by Graceanna Lewis. Possibly depicts an aster plant.

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Flowers in art; Asters; Women artists

A00185722. Marsh-rosemary illustration, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

4.5 x 6 in. Illustration of a marsh-rosemary plant, most likely by Graceanna Lewis. Back of paper says "Original / Marsh Rosemary. Long-port, N.J."

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Flowers in art; Women artists

Relevant locations: Longport (N.J.)

A00185723. Pink rose illustration, 1907-06-24.
Scope and Contents

7 x 4.5 in. Illustration of a pink rose, possibly a species of tea rose, most likely by Graceanna Lewis.

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Roses; Flowers in art; Women artists

A00185724. 'Mrs. Robert Peary' rose illustrations, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

4.5 x 7.1 in. Grayscale illustrations of 'Mrs. Robert Peary' roses, most likely by Graceanna Lewis

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Roses; Flowers in art; Women artists

A00185725. Pansy illustration, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

4 x 4.75 in. Illustration of a yellow and red pansy flower from different angles, most likely by Graceanna Lewis.

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Flowers in art; Pansies; Women artists

A00185726. Pansy profile illustrations, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

4.5 x 6 in. Illustration of a yellow and purple pansy flower in profile, most likely by Graceanna Lewis.

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Flowers in art; Pansies; Women artists

A00185727. Nasturtium illustration, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

4.25 x 6.2 in. Illustration of a red and yellow nasturtium flower, most likely by Graceanna Lewis. Back of paper says "Nasturtium - fragrant."

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Flowers in art; Women artists

A00185728. Marsh-rosemary illustration, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

6 x 7 in. Illustration of a marsh-rosemary plant, most likely by Graceanna Lewis. Back of paper says "Statice Limonium, Sea Lavendar :– Marsh Rosemary. Longport. New–Jersey."

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Flowers in art; Women artists

Relevant locations: Longport (N.J.)

A00185729. Ruffled pansy illustration, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

4.5 x 6 in. Illustration of a ruffled pansy flower, most likely by Graceanna Lewis. Labeled "No. 7. E.S.J."

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Flowers in art; Pansies; Women artists

A00185730. Pansy illustration, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

4.5 x 6 in. Illustration of a purple and yellow pansy flower, most likely by Graceanna Lewis. Labeled "No. 6. . . . E.S.J."

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Flowers in art; Pansies; Women artists

A00185731. Carolina poplar illustration, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

5.5 x 6.5 in. Illustration of a Carolina poplar flower, most likely by Graceanna Lewis. Back of paper says "Carolina Poplar. April 16th."

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Flowers in art; Poplar; Women artists

A00185732. 'Alfred Colomb' rose illustration, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

4.5 x 7.75 in. Illustration of an 'Alfred Colomb' rose, most likely by Graceanna Lewis. Back of paper says "Alfred Colomb. Brilliant Geranium red."

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Roses; Flowers in art; Women artists

A00185733. 'Mrs. Robert Peary' rose illustration, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

4.5 x 7.6 in. Grayscale Illustration of 'Mrs. Robert Peary' roses, most likely by Graceanna Lewis.

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Roses; Flowers in art; Women artists

A00185734. Rose illustrations, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

4.5 x 8 in. Illustrations of roses, including a 'Mrs. Robert Peary' rose, most likely by Graceanna Lewis. The other rose may be a 'Scarlet Queen Elizabeth' rose.

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Roses; Flowers in art; Women artists

A00185735. Quercus rubra illustration, 1889-02.
Scope and Contents

5.75 x 7.8 in. Illustration of oak tree ("Marshall Oak"/Quercus rubra) buds, most likely by Graceanna Lewis.

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Flowers in art; Oak; Women artists

A00185736. 'Baroness Rothschild' rose illustration, 1906-06-06.
Scope and Contents

4.5 x 8 in. Illustration of a rose, most likely by Graceanna Lewis. May depict a 'Baroness Rothschild' rose. Dated approximately 1906-06-06.

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Roses; Flowers in art; Women artists

A00185737. Aster plant illustration, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

5.5 x 6.5 in. Illustration of a plant with multiple blue flowers, most likely by Graceanna Lewis. Possibly depicts an aster plant.

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Flowers in art; Asters; Women artists

A00185738. 'Mrs. Robert Peary' rose illustrations, 1902-05-28.
Scope and Contents

6 x 7 in. Grayscale illustrations of 'Mrs. Robert Peary' roses, most likely by Graceanna Lewis.

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Roses; Flowers in art; Women artists

A00185739. Aster undulatus illustration, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

5.5 x 8 in. Illustration of an Aster undulatus plant, most likely by Graceanna Lewis.

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Flowers in art; Asters; Women artists

A00185740. Aster illustration, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

5.75 x 8.75 in. Illustration of an aster plant, most likely by Graceanna Lewis.

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Flowers in art; Asters; Women artists

A00185741. Calligraphic letters, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

27 pages. Various calligraphic letter samples of the alphabet most likely by Graceanna Lewis.

Subjects: Calligraphy; Alphabet; Women artists

A00185889. Graceanna Lewis calligraphic letter designs, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

20 pages. Oversize calligraphic design samples of various letters of the alphabet by Graceanna Lewis. Dimensions range from roughly 6.5 x 4.5 in (page 11) to 20 x 20 in (page 18).

Subjects: Calligraphy; Alphabet; Women artists

A00185890. Graceanna Lewis swallowtail butterflies illustration, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

20 x 30 in. Illustration of male and female Papilio glaucus (eastern tiger swallowtail) butterflies and caterpillars by Graceanna Lewis (labeled Papilio turnus). Includes an illustration of a Papilio polyxenes asterius (black swallowtail) caterpillar. There is a sketch of a butterfly wing on the back side of the paper.

Subjects: Butterflies; Papilio; Animals in art; Women artists; Scientific illustration; Zoological illustration

A00185891. Graceanna Lewis parrots illustration, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

22 x 27 in. Illustration of four types of parrots by Graceanna Lewis. Depicts a macaw, lory, ground parrot, and cockatoo (the last is a reproduction of an illustration by John Gould).

Subjects: Ornithological illustration; Scientific illustration; Zoological illustration; Birds; Parrots; Women artists

A00185892. Graceanna Lewis pigeons illustration, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

28 x 35 in. Illustration of four species of pigeons/doves by Graceanna Lewis. Depicts two species of fruit doves (left and center), possibly a tooth-billed dove (bottom left, likely reproduced from another artist's illustration), and an unknown species (right).

Subjects: Ornithological illustration; Scientific illustration; Zoological illustration; Birds; Pigeons; Women artists

A00185893. Graceanna Lewis gorilla illustration, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

22 x 28 in. Illustration of gorillas by Graceanna Lewis.

Subjects: Scientific illustration; Zoological illustration; Animals in art; Gorilla; Women artists

A00185894. Graceanna Lewis superb lyrebird illustration, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

23 x 28 in. Illustration of a superb lyrebird (Menura novaehollandiae) by Graceanna Lewis, reproduced from an illustration by John Gould.

Subjects: Ornithological illustration; Scientific illustration; Zoological illustration; Birds; Lyrebirds; Women artists

A00185895. Graceanna Lewis rhea illustration, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

24 x 28 in. Illustration of a rhea by Graceanna Lewis.

Subjects: Ornithological illustration; Scientific illustration; Zoological illustration; Birds; Women artists

A00185896. Graceanna Lewis anhinga illustration, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

25 x 28 in. Illustration of an anhinga by Graceanna Lewis, reproduced from an Audubon illustration.

Subjects: Ornithological illustration; Scientific illustration; Zoological illustration; Birds; Women artists

A00185897. Graceanna Lewis Nyssa biflora illustration, 1895-09.
Scope and Contents

13.75 x 11.75 in. Illustration of swamp tupelo (Nyssa biflora) leaves by Graceanna Lewis.

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Women artists

Relevant locations: Media (Pa.)

A00185898. Graceanna Lewis morning glories illustration, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

13.5 x 9 in. Illustration of morning glories by Graceanna Lewis.

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Flowers in art; Convolvulaceae; Women artists

A00185899. Graceanna Lewis Cladastis tinctoria flowers illustration, 1891-06-04.
Scope and Contents

17 x 14 in. Illustration of Cladastis tinctoria, (i.e., Cladrastis kentukea, Kentucky Yellowwood) flowers by Graceanna Lewis. Notes on page include the name Joseph Fussell; may be depicting a tree on Fussell's property or a specimen Lewis received from Fussell.

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Trees; Flowers in art; Women artists

Relevant locations: Germantown (Philadelphia, Pa.)

A00185900. Graceanna Lewis Grevillea illustration, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

7.5 x 14.5 in. Illustration of a Grevillea plant leaf from California by Graceanna Lewis.

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Leaves; Women artists

A00185901. Graceanna Lewis Parkinsonia aculeata illustration, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

12 x 19.5 in. Illustration of a Parkinsonia aculeata (Jerusalem thorn) plant from Columbia, Texas by Graceanna Lewis. Includes a pencil sketch of a different plant on back of the page.

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Flowers in art; Women artists

A00185902. Graceanna Lewis calligraphic letters, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

4 pages. Oversize calligraphic design samples of various letters of the alphabet by Graceanna Lewis. Dimensions range from 9 x 11.5 in (p. 1) to 14 x 19.5 in (p. 4).

Subjects: Calligraphy; Alphabet; Women artists

A00185903. Graceanna Lewis plant painting, approximately 1850-1912.
Scope and Contents

36 x 36 in. Painting of four unidentified plants by Graceanna Lewis.

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Flowers in art; Women artists

A00185904. Graceanna Lewis leaf charts, 1895-1899.
Scope and Contents

8 pages (not including duplicates); 28 x 22 in. Eight printed leaf charts by Graceanna Lewis for use in public schools. Depict oak, chestnut, beech, walnut, hickory, maple, willow, poplar, birch, and elm tree leaf and nut structures.

Subjects: Botanical illustration; Trees; Oak; Chestnut; Beech; Walnut; Hickories; Maple; Willows; Poplar; Birch; Elm; Posters; Posters in education; Women artists

Relevant locations: Media (Pa.); Philadelphia (Pa.)

Archival Resource Key. Diaries, 1830-01-01 to 1832-12-31; 1834-01-01 to 1848-02-02.
Box 9
Scope and Contents

Includes original manuscripts and extracts by Alice Fussell, 1830-1847, and Graceanna Lewis, 1830-1832.

Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Book of specimens, 1817-07-05 to 1818-08-05.
Box 9
Scope and Contents

Written as tributes of affection by her pupils at Forest School.

Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Expense book concerning the construction of the house at Sunnyside, 1846-1847.
Box 9
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Receipt book, 1834-03-02 to 1851-01-01.
Box 9
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Book of appraisement in the settlement of the estate of Esther Lewis, 1845.
Box 9
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Rebecca Fussell Trimble (1796-1882), Diary, 1854-03-29 to 1856-02-10.
Box 9
Scope and Contents

This is an abstracted copy of Record book below.

Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Rebecca Lewis Fussell (1820-1893), Diary concerning her wedding trip with Edwin Fussell, 1838-04-15 to 1838-12-02.
Box 9
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Rebecca Fussell Trimble (1796-1882), Record book, 1854-03-24 to 1856-02-12.
Box 10
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Sarah Emily Roberts Fussell (1827-), Recollections of her life before her marriage in 1849, 1851.
Box 10
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Esther Jane Trimble Lippincott (1838-1884), Diary, 1859-01-01 to 1859-07-30.
Box 10
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Emma Jane Fussell (1839-1862), Diaries (including fragments), 1855-05-21 to 1855-07-04; 1858-01-01 to 1859-08-08; 1860-01-01 to 1860-12-24 and undated.
Box 10
Physical Description

original ms.

Archival Resource Key. Henry Moore Fussell (1845-1917), Account of a trip to Harvey's Lake, Luzerne Co., PA, 1867-07.
Box 10
Physical Description

1 folder

A00185768. Essays and poetry, 1840-1912.
Box 10
Scope and Contents

7 pages. A poem titled "Baby and Heliotrope," an anagram letter, and an essay titled "The Boy who is Down."

Subjects: Poems; Sunflowers; Anagrams; Violence in children

Relevant locations: Media (Pa.)

Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Articles, 1896 and undated.
Box 10
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Miscellaneous material concerning Graceanna Lewis and her work in ornithology, n.d.
Box 10
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Charles Lewis Fussell (1840-1909), Book of fairytales, undated.
Box 10
Scope and Contents

Written for his niece and nephew, Alice and Robert Fussell.

Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Robert Fussell (1875-1943), School essays, undated.
Box 10
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Ellen Fussell Cope (1878), Unpublished autobiographical manuscript, "Bits of Background", approximately 1860-1889.
Box 10
Scope and Contents

Includes copies of correspondence and writings of earlier family members 1860s-1880s.

Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Poetry and writings by or about various members of the Lewis and Fussell families, 1797-1941.
Scope and Contents

Note: A large amount of poetry, particularly by Graceanna Lewis may be found scattered throughout Series 2.

Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. John Lewis (1781-1824) and Esther Fussell Lewis (1782-1848), Album, 1814-1859.
Box 11
Scope and Contents

Album contains recipes, clippings, poetry, and accounts.

Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Esther Fussell Lewis (1782-1848), Album, 1828.
Box 11
Scope and Contents

Album contains poetry, original and copied

Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. William Fussell (1783-1856), Account book, 1750-1758.
Box 11
Scope and Contents

Copy by Henry Moore Fussell Jr., and an extract by Graceanna Lewis.

Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Mary Ann Lewis (1819-1866), Book of poetry from her pupils at Pikeland School, 1833-10-14.
Box 11
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Graceanna Lewis (1821-1912), Album, undated.
Box 11
Scope and Contents

Album contains recipes, clippings, and poetry. Also included is an address book, 1875.

Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Henry Moore Fussell (1845-1917), Household expenses, 1879-1899.
Box 11
Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

10 folders

Archival Resource Key. Folder 1: Individuals.
Box 12
Scope and Contents

Contains photographs of Richard Moore and Henry Moore.

Scope and Contents

Contains photographs of Esther Fussell Lewis (1742-1848), Mary Ann Lewis (1819-1866), Elizabeth Lewis (1824-1863), Graceanna Lewis (1821-1912), 1880-1912, Ann Lewis Thomas (1776-).

A00185905. Graceanna Lewis photograph, 1880-1912.
Scope and Contents

"4 x 5 in. Undated photograph of Graceanna Lewis as an older woman by an unknown photographer. Subjects: Lewis, Graceanna, 1821-1912; Photographs"

Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Graceanna Lewis portrait, 1850-1880.
Scope and Contents

"2.5 x 4 in. Undated portrait of Graceanna Lewis by Broadbent and Phillips, Photographers, 1206 Chestnut St. Philadelphia. Subjects: Lewis, Graceanna, 1821-1912; Portraits; Photographs Related locations: Philadelphia (Pa.)"

Archival Resource Key. Folder 3: Individuals.
Box 12
Scope and Contents

Contains photographs of Charles Lewis Fussell (1849-1909), Emma Jane Fussell (1839-1862), Mary Townsend Fussell (1849-1935), Edwin Fussell (1813-1882), and Anna E. Fussell (1847-1937).

Archival Resource Key. Folder 4: Individuals.
Box 12
Scope and Contents

Contains photographs of Susan Fussell (1832-1889), Ada Fussell (1837-1900), Benjamin Lundy Fussell, Edward Churchman Fussell (1845-1865), and Esther Jane Trimble Lippincott (1838-1884).

Archival Resource Key. Folder 5: Individuals.
Box 12
Scope and Contents

Contains photographs of Maude M. Lewis (1859-1944), Evangeline E. Lewis (1865-1950), John J. Lewis, Albert G. Lewis (1848-1910), Sarah D. Rogers Lewis (1851-1917), Emily Hardy Lewis (1845-1891), Emily Grace Lewis (1881-1907), Jay Lewis (1857-1916), Joseph B. Lewis (1830-1907), Elizabeth M. Lewis (1827-1903), and Neal Hardy.

Archival Resource Key. Folder 6: Individuals.
Box 12
Scope and Contents

Contains photographs of Maria Douglas Fussell (1822-1897) and Henry Bartholomew Fussell (1815-1890).

Archival Resource Key. Folder 7: Individuals.
Box 12
Scope and Contents

Contains photographs of Dora Fussell (1860-1915), Henry B. Fussell, Henry Moore Fussell (1845-1917), Henry Moore Fussell and Mary Townsend Fussell, and Morris Hardy (1840-1915).

Archival Resource Key. Folder 8: Individuals.
Box 12
Scope and Contents

Contains photographs of Lewis and Henry M. Fussell Jr., Alice Fussell (1871-1955), Robert Fussell (1875-1943), Henry Moore Fussell Jr., (1886-1951), Fussell children, Fussell family, and Maria Douglas Fussell (1822-1897).

Archival Resource Key. Folder 9: Individuals.
Box 12
Scope and Contents

Contains photographs of Lewis Fussell (1882-1935), Robert Fussell (1875-1943), Harriet Jane Fussell (1865-1943), Emily Roberts Fussell (1859-1949), and unknown.

Archival Resource Key. Folder 10: Houses and graveyards.
Box 12
Scope and Contents

Contains photographs of 402 Oakley Street, Media, PA; Mine Hole Farm; Hickory Grove Farm; two unidentified houses; Pikeland and Fall Creek graveyards.

Archival Resource Key. Perkins Almanac, 1847.
Box 12
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Friends Anti-slavery statement, 1847-01-28.
Box 12
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Receipts for subscriptions to the "Pennsylvania Freeman", 1848.
Box 12
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Notice of the sale of Sunnyside, 1878.
Box 12
Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

copies only

Archival Resource Key. Rebecca Davis, 1883-03-24.
Box 12
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Graceanna Lewis, 1888-01-12.
Box 12
Scope and Contents

"2 pages. Discusses the contents of Lewis's recent letter. Refers to a tree planting event. Subjects: Trees; Oak; Personal Correspondence Related locations: Danvers (Mass.)"

Archival Resource Key. History of Ice Cream, 1911.
Box 12
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. "A Letter Written by Early Settlers in 1832" by Milcah Martha Fussell, 1923.
Box 12
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. List of articles published in the Delaware County Institute of Science Proceedings, 1947.
Box 12
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Article concerning James Fussell, 1961.
Box 12
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. "History of Grandfather's Spoon" by Graceanna Lewis, undated.
Box 12
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Notice of an Abolitionist meeting, undated.
Box 12
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Wafer used by Edwin and Rebecca L. Fussell on their wedding invitations, 1838.
Box 12
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Card of Cyrus M. Burleigh, 1851.
Box 12
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Family place cards by Charles Lewis Fussell, 1902-12-25.
Box 12
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Pen.
Box 12
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Magnifying glass.
Box 12
Physical Description

1 folder

Archival Resource Key. Pincushion.
Box 12
Physical Description

1 folder

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