John B. Thayer memorial collection of the sinking of the Titanic
Held at: University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts [Contact Us]3420 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6206
This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.
Overview and metadata sections
John "Jack" Borland Thayer (1894-1945) and his mother, Marian Longstreth Morris Thayer (circa 1872-1944), survived the sinking of the Titanic along with only 705 other people. His father, John Borland Thayer (1862-1912) died during the only voyage of the "unsinkable" ship.
John Borland Thayer (1862-1912) was the Second Vice-President of the Pennsylvania Railroad. He and Marian Longstreth Morris Thayer lived in Haverford, Pennsylvania and were the parents of Margaret, Pauline, John, and Frederick. In 1912, John, Marion, and Jack traveled to Europe, choosing the Titanic for their return voyage.
On April 14, 1912, as the Titanic sank, Marian Longstreth Morris Thayer eventually boarded lifeboat 4. Jack, who appears to be referred to as both John Borland Thayer, Jr. and III, jumped from the sinking ship just before it split in half and was pulled underwater by the suction of the sinking vessel. He climbed aboard an overturned lifeboat and was subsequently picked up by lifeboat 12. Finally, he and his mother were reunited on the Carpathia. His father's body was never recovered.
Following the sinking, Jack Thayer graduated from the University of Pennsylvania in 1916, served as a captain in the United States Army in World War I, and began his career in banking. He served as treasurer and, later, financial vice-president for the University of Pennsylvania from 1939 to 1945. He and his wife, Lois Cassatt Thayer, were the parents of two sons, Edward and John, both of whom served during World War II; and three daughters, Lois, Julie, and Pauline.
According to Jack Thayer, "the spectacle of nearly 1,500 people struggling in the ice-cold waters of the Atlantic, and the steady roar of their voices, which kept up for 15 or 20 minutes, is a memory that does not become dim, even after 20 years" ("Sinking of Titanic," box 1, folder 4). Over the years, he revisited the tragedy by providing accounts of the sinking, first to the press in 1912, then in 1932 for an article in Philadelphia Evening Bulletin, and finally, in 1940, in a small publication "written primarily as a family record for the information of [his] children and perhaps their children in memory of [his] father, John Borland Thayer, the third of that name, who lost his life in the disaster," (The Sinking of the S.S. Titanic, box 1, folder 6). Thayer was reported to have suffered greatly from depression and, in 1945, he took his own life, shortly after learning of his son's death in World War II.
The Thayer family continues to be involved in the memorialization of the sinking of Titanic and honoring both those who survived and those who died during the event.
The John B. Thayer memorial collection of the sinking of the Titanic, contains first-hand accounts of the sinking, Thayer family material, and more recent material documenting the continued interest in and efforts to memorialize the tragedy. The first series, First-hand accounts of the sinking of the Titanic, consists of accounts by Archibald Gracie, Martha Eustis Stephenson and Elizabeth Mussey Eustis, and John B. Thayer (1894-1944). Thayer described his experiences in three separate documents over the years.
The second series, Thayer family material, contains photographic prints and biographical sketches of John Borland Thayer (1862-1912), Marian Longstreth Morris Thayer, and John "Jack" Borland Thayer (1894-1945). The photographs are not original and all biographical sketches are taken from the Encyclopedia Titanica. Of particular value in this series is the correspondence to Marian Thayer from Bruce Ismay, a fellow survivor of the sinking and the CEO of the White Star Line which commissioned the Titanic. In the year following the sinking, Ismay sent ten letters, a cabinet card photograph, and a verse framed in an engraved silver-plated frame to Marian Thayer. The letters are consoling in nature and regularly mention Marian Thayer's grief, but also address Ismay's own depression, as well as the questioning of him during an enquiry into the sinking of Titanic which took place during the summer of 1912.
The final series includes correspondence, newspaper articles, and stories which describe the sinking of Titanic by those who did not experience it: writers, publishers, and filmmakers. Much of the correspondence is addressed to Pauline Thayer Maguire (daughter of Jack Thayer) and her husband Robert Maguire. Included are newspaper articles published just after the sinking of Titanic as well as articles written as recently as 2012 and which document the continued interest in this event and the determination to understand the reasons for it. These articles describe efforts to rescue artifacts and remnants of the ship from the ocean floor, the death of survivors, and anniversaries of the sinking. This series also contains correspondence regarding the re-publishing of Jack Thayer's The Sinking of the S.S. Titanic, first released in 1940.
Gift of Robert and Pauline Maguire, 2014.
- University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
- Finding Aid Author
- Holly Mengel
- Finding Aid Date
- 2014 April 7
- Access Restrictions
This collection is open for research use.
- Use Restrictions
Copyright restrictions may exist. For most library holdings, the Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania do not hold copyright. It is the responsibility of the requester to seek permission from the holder of the copyright to reproduce material from the Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts.