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Albert Croll Baugh papers


Held at: University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts [Contact Us]3420 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6206

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Overview and metadata sections

Albert Croll Baugh, born in Philadelphia in 1891, was a noted scholar of medieval English language and literary history. After receiving both his master's and doctoral degrees at the University of Pennsylvania, he taught at that same university, rising from the position of reader in 1912 to that of departmental chair in 1944 and Felix E. Schelling Memorial Professor of English in 1946 (a position he held until his retirement).

Baugh is known for his scholarship in both the linguistic and historical branches of medieval English philology, and especially for his History of the English Language (first published in 1935) and his contributions on the Middle English period (circa 1100-1500) to the Literary History of England (published 1948). He also wrote extensively on the life and works of Geoffrey Chaucer and edited a version of the 13th century Middle English religious codes text the Ancren Riwle, which was published 1956 (the collection contains large amounts of material related to all of these projects). He was also active in professional organizations, and served as the president at various times to the Modern Language Association, the Medieval Academy of America, the Modern Humanities Research Association and the Federation Internationale de Langues et Litteratures Modernes.

Throughout his time working at the University of Pennsylvania, Baugh was very much a teacher as well as a scholar. In addition to teaching Middle English subjects, Baugh also led classes in English methods and composed a manual for college students on the art of writing (two partial versions of which can be found in the research materials on teaching), which was first published in 1924.

Baugh retired in 1961, but continued his researches on Chaucer and Middle English. His papers were donated to the Penn Libraries by his son, historian Daniel Albert Baugh.

The Albert Croll Baugh papers are made up of 15 boxes of material including correspondence; research materials; a catalog of books donated to the Van Pelt Library; and reproductions of medieval manuscripts and other works. The collection spans through Baugh's professional life (though it is arranged topically rather than chronologically), starting with some of his earlier researches and ending over a decade after he retired from his professorship at the University of Pennsylvania. The material contained in this collection is professional, not personal, and documents Baugh's interests and works as a scholar and teacher of Middle English.

The Correspondence series contains a selection of Baugh's professional letters, separated out from his research materials. These letters largely relate to his various academic projects and also to the acquisition of the manuscript reproductions in the collection, which he assembled at different times to aid his research.

The Research Materials series is by far the largest series in the collection and covers the full range of Baugh's intellectual and professional interests in the language and literary culture of medieval England. It is divided into six sub-series: Arthurian Legends and Romances; English Literature; French Literature; Latin Literature; Paleography; and Teaching Materials. The Arthurian sub-series consists of materials relating to Arthurian legends, the authors of Arthurian legends, the idea of Courtly Love and the medieval romance genre. The English Literature sub-series (the largest in the collection) covers a wide range of twelfth through sixteenth century authors and literary works, as well as more generalized Middle English literary genres and trends, language and punctuation. The French Literature and Latin Literature sub-series, though each rather smaller than the English sub-series, also contain material relating to their respective authors, works, genres and literary trends. The Paleography sub-series encompasses material on paleography, textual criticism, scribal practices and the concept of authorship in the medieval world. The Teaching Materials sub-series reflects Baugh's contributions as a teacher and includes notes for lectures, materials on the teaching of English methods and copies of Baugh's outlines on the Foundations of English.

The Catalog series consists of an extensive record of the book collection Baugh donated to the Van Pelt Library. In addition to detailing Baugh's personal library, it also provides an impressive bibliography on medieval English literature and language. There is also a copy of this catalog in microfilm form, which can be found in the Microfilms sub-series of the Reproductions series. The Reproductions series consists of copies (photocopied, photographic and microfilmed) of manuscripts used in Baugh's researches. The series is divided into three sub-series: Photographs and Photocopies; Oversize Photocopies; and Microfilms. The Photographs and Photocopies and also the Oversize sub-series consist of copies of manuscripts from American (mainly the Huntington Library) and European libraries (especially the Bodleian, the British Museum, the National Library of Wales and the Public Record Office in London). Both the thirteenth-century Ancren Riwle and the fourteenth-century Piers Plowman figure prominently in this sub-series, as do a variety of English public records. The Microfilms sub-series consists of ten rolls of microfilm, eight of which are of manuscripts of the sort described above, one of which is a copy of Baugh's book collection, and the last of which is a copy of an obscure nineteenth-century article by French librarian Gaston Maspero.

"Albert C. Baugh is Dead; Noted Medieval Scholar." New York Times, 27 March 1981. Lumiansky, Robert M., William J. Roach and Siegfried Wenzel. "Memoirs of Fellows and Corresponding Fellows of the Medieval Academy of America: Albert Croll Baugh." Speculum 57 (1982): 699-700.

Gift of Daniel Albert Baugh, 1988.

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Finding Aid Author
Hannah Ewing
Finding Aid Date
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Collection Inventory

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Series Description

Letters are arranged alphabetically by the names of the correspondents and then chronologically. Items are overwhelmingly professional in content, mostly relating to Baugh's researches in various areas of Middle English language and literature. Many items relate to the manuscript reproductions in the collection.

Anderson, George L.
Box 1 Folder 1
Baugh, Daniel Albert.
Box 1 Folder 2
Bibliographical Society of America.
Box 1 Folder 3
Bibliothque Nationale de France.
Box 1 Folder 4
Bodleian Library. Dept. of Western Manuscripts.
Box 1 Folder 5
Boll, Dr.
Box 1 Folder 6
British Museum. Dept. of Manuscripts.
Box 1 Folder 7
Brown, Morrison.
Box 1 Folder 8
Burchfield, R.W.
Box 1 Folder 9
Cade, Tom J.
Box 1 Folder 10
Chinard, Gilbert.
Box 1 Folder 11
Cornog, William H.
Box 1 Folder 12
Day, Mable.
Box 1 Folder 13
Dean, Ruth Josephine.
Box 1 Folder 14
Drucker, Lucy.
Box 1 Folder 15
Francis, Winthrop Nelson.
Box 1 Folder 16
F.S. Crofts & Co.
Box 1 Folder 17
Gray, Howard Levi.
Box 1 Folder 18
Great Britain. Public Record Office.
Box 1 Folder 19
Hamilton, George Livingstone.
Box 1 Folder 20
Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery.
Box 1 Folder 21
Hirsh, Rudolf.
Box 1 Folder 22
Holmes, Urban Tigner.
Box 1 Folder 23
Isaacs, Neil David.
Box 1 Folder 24
Ksmann, Hans J.
Box 1 Folder 25
Kean, Patricia Margaret.
Box 1 Folder 26
Library of Congress. Manuscript Division.
Box 1 Folder 27
Lincoln's Inn (London, England). Library.
Box 1 Folder 28
Long, Percy Waldron.
Box 1 Folder 29
Mallory, Joseph J.
Box 1 Folder 30
Merritt, Benjamin Dean.
Box 1 Folder 31
National Library of Wales. Dept. of Manuscripts and Records.
Box 1 Folder 32
N.Y.U. Press.
Box 1 Folder 33
Oxford University Press.
Box 1 Folder 34
Parker, William Riley.
Box 1 Folder 35
Payen, Jean Charles.
Box 1 Folder 36
Pratt, Robert A.
Box 1 Folder 37
R.B. Fleming & Co.
Box 1 Folder 38
Roach, William J.
Box 1 Folder 39
Robbins, Rossell Hope.
Box 1 Folder 40
Robinson, Fred Norris.
Box 1 Folder 41
Rosenberg, Bruce A.
Box 1 Folder 42
Russell, Josiah Cox.
Box 1 Folder 43
Springer, Otto.
Box 1 Folder 44
Sutton, Wright.
Box 1 Folder 45
Swan, Mildred W.
Box 1 Folder 46
Tams, W.
Box 1 Folder 47
Unidentified Correspondence.
Box 1 Folder 48-49

Series Description

Arranged into six sub-series; Arthurian (along with Romances), English Literature, French Literature, Latin Literature, Paleography (along with Textual Criticism) and Teaching Materials. Folders are arranged alphabetically by topic within each of the sub-series (i.e. in the Arthurian sub-series, topics are Arthurian Authors, Arthurian Legends, Courtly Love and Romances). The English Literature series is arranged slightly differently due to its larger size, with authors and works arranged by century first and name second. The research materials are primarily made up of Baugh's autograph notes, but also include unpublished reviews of scholarly books and articles, reprints of articles, newspaper clippings, and drafts of articles.

Chretien de Troyes.
Box 1 Folder 50-52
Malory, Sir Thomas.
Box 1 Folder 53-58
Robert de Boron.
Box 1 Folder 59
Arthurian Material in General.
Box 1 Folder 60-65
Box 1 Folder 66-73
Box 2 Folder 74-75
Box 2 Folder 76
Libeaus Desconus.
Box 2 Folder 77
Pereceval of Gales.
Box 2 Folder 78-82
Box 2 Folder 83-84
Courtly Love.
Box 2 Folder 85-86
Box 2 Folder 87-95
Geoffrey of Monmouth.
Box 2 Folder 96-97
Box 2 Folder 98-101
Box 2 Folder 102-103
Richard the Lion-Hearted.
Box 2 Folder 104
Survival of Narrative Tradition.
Box 2 Folder 105-107
Ancren Riwle.
Box 2 Folder 108
Ancren Riwle.
Box 3 Folder 109-115
Body and Soul.
Box 3 Folder 116-118
Hali Meidenhad.
Box 3 Folder 119
Box 3 Folder 120-124
Owl and the Nightingale.
Box 3 Folder 125-127
Proverbs of Alfred, of Hendyng.
Box 3 Folder 128
Thirteenth Century Lyric.
Box 3 Folder 129-130
Chaucer, Geoffrey: Biographical.
Box 3 Folder 131-136
Chaucer, Geoffrey: General and Miscellaneous.
Box 3 Folder 137-138
Chaucer, Geoffrey: General and Miscellaneous.
Box 4 Folder 139-146
Chaucer, Geoffrey: Book of the Duchess.
Box 4 Folder 147-149
Chaucer, Geoffrey: Canterbury Tales.
Box 4 Folder 150-155
Chaucer, Geoffrey: Genilesse.
Box 4 Folder 156
Chaucer, Geoffrey: House of Fame.
Box 4 Folder 157-161
Chaucer, Geoffrey: Legend of Good Women.
Box 4 Folder 162-164
Chaucer, Geoffrey: Parlement of Fowles.
Box 4 Folder 165-167
Chaucer, Geoffrey: Roman de la Rose.
Box 4 Folder 168-169
Chaucer, Geoffrey: Troileus and Criseyde.
Box 4 Folder 170-174
Chaucer, Geoffrey: Chaucer Course Materials.
Box 4 Folder 175-178
Chaucer, Thomas.
Box 5 Folder 179-180
Chaucerians: English Chaucerians.
Box 5 Folder 181
Chaucerians: Scottish Chaucerians.
Box 5 Folder 182
Ayenbite of Inwyt.
Box 5 Folder 183
Bevis of Hampton.
Box 5 Folder 184-186
Chambre, William.
Box 5 Folder 187
Cursor Mundi.
Box 5 Folder 188-189
Gower, John.
Box 5 Folder 190
Havelock the Dane.
Box 5 Folder 191
Mannyng, Robert.
Box 5 Folder 192-193
Margival, Nichole de.
Box 5 Folder 194
Piers Plowman.
Box 5 Folder 195-203
Rolle, Richard.
Box 5 Folder 204-208
Speculum Vitae.
Box 5 Folder 209
Swynford Family.
Box 5 Folder 210
Usk, Thomas.
Box 5 Folder 211
Wyclif, John.
Box 5 Folder 212
Wycliffite Bible.
Box 5 Folder 213
Ashby, George.
Box 5 Folder 215
Capgrave, John.
Box 5 Folder 215
Caxton, William.
Box 5 Folder 216
Charles D'Orleans.
Box 5 Folder 217
Court of Sapience.
Box 5 Folder 218
Fortescue, Sir John.
Box 5 Folder 219
Guillame de Deguileville.
Box 5 Folder 220
Hardyng, John.
Box 5 Folder 221
Hoccleve, Thomas.
Box 6 Folder 222
Holland, Sir Richard.
Box 6 Folder 223
Hugh of Campeden.
Box 6 Folder 224
Lanterne of Lizt.
Box 6 Folder 225
Libelle of Englysshe Polycye.
Box 6 Folder 226
Ludus Coventriae.
Box 6 Folder 227
Lydgate, John.
Box 6 Folder 228-231
Pecock, Reginald.
Box 6 Folder 232
Sellyng, Richard.
Box 6 Folder 233
Shirley, John.
Box 6 Folder 234
Various Minor Authors.
Box 6 Folder 235
Courtesy Books.
Box 6 Folder 236
Donats in English.
Box 6 Folder 237-245
Heywood, John.
Box 6 Folder 246
Shakespeare, William.
Box 6 Folder 247
Box 6 Folder 248-251
Social Criticism.
Box 6 Folder 252-253
Anglo-Norman Literature.
Box 6 Folder 254-257
British Matter.
Box 6 Folder 258-259
Critical Bibliographies .
Box 7 Folder 260-263
Early English Text Society.
Box 7 Folder 264-272
In Process (Articles and Notes).
Box 7 Folder 273-276
Miscellaneous Notes.
Box 7 Folder 277-283
Overview for Lecture.
Box 7 Folder 284-285
Box 7 Folder 286-289
Box 8 Folder 290-295
Plays: Dramatic Records from Churchwardens' Accounts.
Box 8 Folder 296
Plays: York Population and Plays.
Box 8 Folder 297-301
Box 8 Folder 302
Dialects and Spelling.
Box 8 Folder 303-305
Box 8 Folder 306-308
Box 8 Folder 309-310
Box 8 Folder 311
The Katharine Group.
Box 8 Folder 312-314
Omnibus I.
Box 8 Folder 315-317
Omnibus V.
Box 9 Folder 318-320
Vices and Virtues.
Box 9 Folder 321
Visions of Heaven and Hell.
Box 9 Folder 322
Idea of Translation.
Box 9 Folder 323
Box 9 Folder 324-326
Middle English Troubadours.
Box 9 Folder 327-329
Japanese Analog to Beowulf.
Box 9 Folder 330
Lincoln's Inn.
Box 9 Folder 331
Public Records.
Box 9 Folder 332
Box 9 Folder 333
Stanzas of Death.
Box 9 Folder 334
Guibert de Nogent.
Box 9 Folder 335
Renard the Fox.
Box 9 Folder 336
Breton Lai (Lay).
Box 9 Folder 337
Chansons de Geste.
Box 9 Folder 338-342
Box 9 Folder 343-344
Lyric (Old French).
Box 9 Folder 345-352
De Beauvau, Senechal d'Anjou.
Box 9 Folder 353
De Beauvau, Senechal d'Anjou.
Box 10 Folder 354-356
Demands of Love in French Literature.
Box 10 Folder 357
Old French Background.
Box 10 Folder 358-361
Table Dormant.
Box 10 Folder 362-364
Anglo-Latin Writers.
Box 10 Folder 365-366
Latin Chronicles.
Box 10 Folder 367-370
Goliardic Poetry.
Box 10 Folder 371-372
The Latin Background.
Box 10 Folder 373-377
The Matter of Rome.
Box 10 Folder 378-379
Box 10 Folder 380
Editing Texts.
Box 10 Folder 381
Box 10 Folder 382
Box 10 Folder 383
Textual Criticism.
Box 11 Folder 384
Ashmole 60, BM. Add. 36983, Harl. MS. 2255.
Box 11 Folder 385
Huntington Library Mss.
Box 11 Folder 386
Vernon Miscellany.
Box 11 Folder 387
Foundations of English Outlines, 1928-1929 Edition.
Box 11 Folder 388-396
Foundations of English Outlines, 1929-1930 Edition.
Box 11 Folder 397-402
Methods Lecture Materials.
Box 11 Folder 403

Series Description

The catalog records the bibliographic information for the hundreds of books that Baugh donated to the Van Pelt Library from his personal research library. The catalog also exists in microfilm form, and can be found in the Reproductions series (sub-series Microfilms, item 1).

Catalog of Books Donated to Van Pelt Library by Baugh .
Box 11 Folder 404-412

See Ms. Reproductions item 1 for microfilm version.

Series Description

Arranged in three sub-series; Photographs and Photocopies, Oversize, and Microfilms. These are all arranged alphabetically by the original's library and then by call numbers. This series mostly consists of copies of medieval (primarily Middle English) manuscripts that Baugh acquired for his research, though it also includes copies of twentieth-century library catalogs, and edited transcripts of some of the medieval texts.

Aberystwyth: National Library of Wales: Peniarth Mss. 53 and 53A. Fol. 102-113, for both.
Box 12 Folder 413
Aberystwyth: National Library of Wales: Peniarth Ms. 395. Fol. 345 and 347 .
Box 12 Folder 414
Cambridge: Caius College: Ms. 317. Fol. 1-7.
Box 12 Folder 415-416
Cambridge: Caius College: Ms. 334. Fol. 110 and 137.
Box 12 Folder 417-421
Cambridge: Trinity College: Ms. R.3.17.
Box 12 Folder 422-434
Durham: Durham Cathedral: Ms. B.IV. Fol. 19.
Box 12 Folder 435
Florence: Laurentian Library: Ms. Plut. 29. Cod.7. Fol. 421-423, 463-470 .
Box 12 Folder 436
London: British Museum: Ms. Add. 36983. Fol. 1.
Box 12 Folder 437
London: British Museum: Ms. Add. 37492. Fol. 18-27.
Box 12 Folder 438
London: British Museum: Ms. Add. 46919. Fol. 92-95.
Box 12 Folder 439
London: British Museum: Cotton Ms. Nero A. XIV .
Box 12 Folder 440
London: British Museum: Royal Ms. 8.C.1. Fol. 71-89 and 122-143.
Box 12 Folder 441-448
London: Corp. of London Records Office: Hustings Roll 111. No. 154 .
Box 12 Folder 449-452
London: Lamberth Palace Library: Ms. 560. Fol. 118-125.
Box 12 Folder 453
London: Public Records Office: KB.27 and 29. 27/507, 763, 766-768 772, 777, 779, 781-2, 29/83-7.
Box 13 Folder 454-458
London: Public Records Office: E. 404/81.
Box 13 Folder 459
Manchester: John Ryland's Library: Eng. Ms. 90. Fol. 4a.
Box 13 Folder 460
Oxford: Bodleian: Ms. 57, 343, 477, 604, 1860, and Rolls 5. Fol. 12-4, 165-6, 3, 47, 163v, 1-2 .
Box 13 Folder 461
Oxford: Bodleian: Ashmole Ms. 60. Fol. 4, 97-99.
Box 13 Folder 462-463
Oxford: Bodleian: Douce Ms. 103. Fol. 53-57.
Box 13 Folder 464
Oxford: Bodleian: Eng. Poet. A.1.
Box 13 Folder 465
Oxford: Bodleian: Harley Ms. 1706. Fol. 9-10.
Box 13 Folder 466
Oxford: Bodleian: Harley Ms. 2255. Fol. 118-153.
Box 13 Folder 467
Oxford: Bodleian: Laud. Ms. 598. Fol. 49, 66.
Box 13 Folder 468
Oxford: Bodleian: Rawl. B. 460. Entire, p. 1- 222.
Box 13 Folder 469-483
Oxford: Bodleian: Rawl. B. 460. Entire, p. 223-279.
Box 14 Folder 484-487
Paris: Bibliotheque Nationale: Mss. Catalog .
Box 14 Folder 488
San Marino: Huntington Library: Ellesmere 26.C.9 .
Box 14 Folder 489-491
San Marino: Huntington Library: HM Ms. 128.
Box 14 Folder 492-498
San Marino: Huntington Library: HM Ms. 143.
Box 14 Folder 499-508
San Marino: Huntington Library: HM Ms. 144. Fol. 11-20.
Box 14 Folder 509
San Marino: Huntington Library: HM Ms. #? Fol. 114-116, 129.
Box 14 Folder 510
London: Public Records Office: C. 61/77-79 [Entire].
Box 15 Folder 511
Catalog of Baugh Book Collection.
Item 1
Brussels: Bibliotheque Royale de Belgique: San Ms. 39.
Item 2
Cambridge: Cambridge University Library: Ms. 1806.14.
Item 3
London: British Museum: Harl. Ms. 3954.
Item 4
London: Public Records Office: C. 61/77-79.
Item 5-6
Paris: Bibliotheque Nationale: Res Velins 2368 a R. 2509.
Item 7
Paris: Bibliotheque Nationale: Fr. 1553.
Item 8
Paris: Bibliotheque Nationale: Fr. Mss. 1576, 24389, 25524.
Item 9
Microfilm of article: Gaston Maspero, "Le vocabulaire francais d'un copte du XIIe siecle" in Romania 17 (1888), p. 481-512.
Item 10

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