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Family cookbook


Held at: University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts [Contact Us]3420 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6206

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Overview and metadata sections

The creators of this cookbook are not identified, but, due to information found within the volume, were likely from Northumberland, England.

It seems probable that a member of the family associated with Pauline, Lady Trevelyan (1816-1866), an English painter, married to Sir Walter Calverley Trevelyan, 6th Baronet, who lived in Wallington Hall in Morpeth, Northumberland and were known for socializing with members of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood.

Mock turtle soup is a recipe developed to mimic the popular 18th century "turtle soup" recipe after its titular ingredient, the green turtle, was hunted to near extinction. Mock turtle soup recipes use a diverse range of animal-based ingredients in an attempt to replicate the texture created by the green turtle. Most recipes include a whole calf's head.

Bakewell pudding is an accidental creation, resulting from a mid-19th century misunderstanding in the kitchen of the White Horse Inn in Bakewell, England. The Inn's mistress, Mrs. Greaves, instructed the cook to make a strawberry tart, but the cook spread the ground almond and egg paste mixture over the top of the tart instead of mixing it into the pastry dough, resulting in what became Bakewell pudding.


"Bakewell Pudding Shop: History." The Old Bakewell Pudding Shop, 2023,

Buttery, Neil. "Mock Turtle Soup." British Food: A History,

"Pauline Jermyn Trevelyan." Hundred Heroines, 2023,

This volume contains 96 mostly culinary recipes created and compiled by two individuals between 1829 and 1896 in Northumberland, England. It is bound in quarter leather, has a section of blank pages (p. 73-115), several inlaid sheets tucked between the front pastedown and the interior of the volume (p. 28), and has one page torn out (p. 121).

It appears to be a family cookbook, written over two generations. There are two distinct hands, the earlier (p. 1-49, 116-122) dates closer to the early and mid-19th century, and the later (p. 50-72) dates to the late 19th century. The juxtaposition of the two hands within the volume demonstrates the shift in recipes and recipe formatting from the mid to late 19th century. The later hand often includes ingredient lists, followed by methods, and a left-hand column with precise ingredient amounts.

The earlier contributor attributes several recipes to Lady Trevelyan in 1847 (p. 120), likely referring to Pauline, Lady Trevelyan (1816-1866) who lived in Wallington Hall, Morpeth, Northumberland. There is a recipe inlaid from a Mrs. Fred Straker of Angerton dated 1896, likely referring to Edith Gertrude Allgood Straker (1869-1944), wife of Frederick Straker, who lived in Angerton Hall, Morpeth, Northumberland. This indicates that the volume likely stayed in Northumberland for the duration of its use between generations.

Examples of recipes include red round of beef (p. 1), lemon brandy (p. 5), mock turtle soup (p. 8), to pickle oysters (p. 19), gingerbread (p. 21), onion soup (p. 23), macaroni (p. 29), Queen cakes (p. 37), carrot soup (p. 41), Bakewell pudding (p. 47), Charlotte pudding (p. 52), yule cake (p. 55), Normandy pippins (p. 64), and iced coffee (p. 70).

There are five medicinal recipes, including recipe for pomatum (p. 116), a chemist's recipe for pomatum (p. 116), Mrs. S. Trevelyan's honey poultice (p. 118), Lady Trevelyan's embrocation for bruises and sprains (p. 120), and Lady Trevelyan's for a cut or clean wound (p. 120).

University of Pennsylvania: Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts
Finding Aid Author
Kelin Baldridge Smallwood
Finding Aid Date
2023 November 8
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Family cookbook, 1829-1896.
Volume 1

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