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William E. Mikell papers


Held at: University of Pennsylvania: Biddle Law Library [Contact Us]3460 Chestnut Street, Biddle Law Library, Philadelphia, PA 19104-3406

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania: Biddle Law Library. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Overview and metadata sections

William Ephraim Mikell (1868-1944) was an American lawyer, legal scholar, and professor. He is best known for his career of extensive work in American criminal law and procedure. He received his Bachelor of Science from The Citadel, better known as the South Carolina Military College from 1886-1890 and attended the University of Virginia Law School in 1894. He practiced law in both North and South Carolina before coming to Philadelphia in 1896 to work under George Wharton Pepper and William Draper Lewis on the Pepper and Lewis Digest of Pennsylvania Decisions. Later that year, when William Draper Lewis became Dean of the University of Pennsylvania Law School, Mikell was appointed as an instructor on Lewis' recommendation. By 1902, Mikell was a full Professor, and in 1914 became Dean of the Law School, serving until 1929. In 1938, Mikell was made Professor Emeritus at Penn Law. Professor Mikell was an open defender of the institution of slavery in his classes and in a debating society that he founded early in his long career at the Law School. He also admired Justice Roger B. Taney and wrote a long and laudatory biography in the eight-volume Great American Lawyers, edited by Dean Lewis.

Mikell worked extensively on criminal law. In 1915 he published a draft of a statute providing for simpler forms of indictment and his critical study of the Penal Code of Pennsylvania led to the creation of a Commission to write a revision of that Code. Mikell was the Secretary and Draftman of the Commission, which completed its work in 1922. He later worked as the Senior Reporter for the draft of a Code of Criminal Procedure by the American Law Institute in 1924.

This collection of papers from lawyer and legal scholar William E. Mikell gives a look into his heavy involvement with criminal law. Most of the collection are texts that Mikell himself professionally wrote or was involved with creating, as well as personal notes, writings, and research on these topics. A brief collection of personal memorabilia, photographs, and correspondence are also included. The specifics of each file are as follows:

"Drafts of Criminal Codes" contains several drafts of criminal codes for US states that Mikell helped to plan and write, including those of Pennsylvania, Wisconsin, and a proposed national code.

"Report to Revise Pennsylvania Penal Code" contains an unbound, 185-page report from the commissioners appointed to revise the penal code of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in 1921.

"Ledger of Criminal Code Drafts" contains a ledger book used by Mikell to notate and keep track of the physical drafts and progress on the criminal codes he penned, in this specific case, that of New York. Includes a breakdown of the sections and contents of the New York criminal code and the schedule by which Mikell completed the entries.

"Criminal Code Notes" contains a large series of personal handwritten notes by Mikell concerning topics of criminal law, criminal codes, and projects he was involved in.

"Academic Notes" is a brief collection of academic regulations and examination rules for the University of Pennsylvania Law School dated 1939, possibly written by Mikell.

"Commission for Pennsylvania Parole and Probation Systems" contains a report of the meeting for the Governor's Commission to study Pennsylvania parole and probation systems, dated 1937 and including transcripts of the meeting minutes and resolutions.

"Speeches" contains a brief set of speeches either given about William Mikell or given by Mikell, the latter being handwritten and containing personal notes.

"Personal Memorabilia" contains a variety of personal ephemera, including a 1937 resolution appointing Mikell to the Commission to Study Pennsylvania's Parole System, Mikell's 1890 Master's degree from The Citadel, and a 1930 Penn Gazette which includes an article about Mikell's appointment to a Penn Law endowed professorship.

"Miscellaneous Photographs" and "Miscellaneous Correspondence" contain several undated and untitled personal photographs in a bound booklet and several letters to and from Mikell on criminal law.

This finding aid was revised in October 2022 as part of the Biddle Law Library Archives and Special Collections Department's ongoing commitment to reparative description. The original version is available upon request.

University of Pennsylvania: Biddle Law Library
Finding Aid Author
Will Chim
Finding Aid Date
February 2013, revised October 2022
Access Restrictions

The archives reserves the right to restrict access to materials of sensitive nature. Please contact the department for further information.

Use Restrictions

Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.

Collection Inventory

Drafts of Criminal Codes, 1917-1940.
Box 1 Folder 1
Report to Revise Pennsylvania Penal Code, 1921.
Box 1 Folder 2
Ledger of Criminal Code Drafts, 1926-1930.
Box 1 Folder 3
Criminal Code notes, undated.
Box 1 Folder 4
Academic notes, 1939.
Box 1 Folder 5
Commission for Pennsylvania Parole and Probation Systems, 1937.
Box 1 Folder 6
Speeches, undated.
Box 1 Folder 7
Personal Memorabilia, undated.
Box 1 Folder 8
Miscellaneous Photographs, undated.
Box 1 Folder 9
Miscellaneous Correspondence, 1928-1939.
Box 1 Folder 10

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