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Rosemary A.W. Stevens Papers


Held at: University of Pennsylvania: University Archives and Records Center [Contact Us]3401 Market Street, Suite 210, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania: University Archives and Records Center. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Overview and metadata sections

Rosemary Stevens, a native of England, attended Oxford University as an undergraduate majoring in English literature. She pursued graduate studies in epidemiology and public health at Yale University receiving her Ph.D. in 1968. Upon graduation, she taught at Yale for eight years, followed by a two-year appointment at Tulane University. Her teaching career at the University of Pennsylvania began in 1979. She served as chairman of the department of history and sociology from 1980 to 1983, and again, from 1986 to 1991, when she was appointed first woman dean of Penn's School of Arts and Sciences.

In the early sixties, as a research associate at the medical school of Yale, Stevens started a major research project on a comparative study of specialization in medicine in the United Kingdom and the United States. The research project developed into three separate studies, one on the United Kingdom, mainly England and Wales, one dealing with the United States, and the third on comparative aspects of health care organization in the two countries. Her research resulted in two publications: Medical Practice in Modern England: the Impact of Specialization and State Medicine (1966) and American Medicine and the Public Interest (1971). The comparative study did not proceed as anticipated. Although Dr. Stevens continued to follow closely the development of health service in both countries, she spent increasingly more time on studying the American efforts. In 1974, in conjunction with Robert B. Stevens, she published Welfare Medicine in America: a Case Study of Medicaid. This was followed by In Sickness and in Wealth: American Hospitals in the Twentieth Century (1989), her third major publication on American medicine. Her ongoing research on English medicine resulted in National Health Service in England in 1980: Notes on Comparisons and Stresses in 1981, her second publication on this subject.

Related research includes the studies of alien doctors and foreign medical graduates in the United States. In 1972, she published Foreign Trained Physicians and American Medicine with Joan Vermeulen and The Alien Doctors, Foreign Medical Graduates in American Hospitals appeared in 1978.

Her interest in health care, however, goes beyond the United States and the United Kingdom. She has made several trips to Africa to survey health services in Tanganyika, one of the former British colonies.

Besides numerous teaching, research, and administrative positions, Stevens has been on the boards of the Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates and the Milbank Memorial Fund. She is member of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Science, History of Science Society, American Association for History of Medicine, College of Physicians of Philadelphia, and the Cosmopolitan Club.

Rosemary Stevens was naturalized in 1968 as a United States citizen.

The collection of research files and manuscripts comprises four series. Papers pertaining to the study of specialization and national medicine in England and Wales include material generated in every stage of the research project--from informational material gathered, notes of interviews held with dozens of doctors and administrators in England, notes and clippings on various subjects, rough manuscript drafts, working papers, to the typescript form of the manuscript "Specialization in Medicine". Also included in this collection are the typescripts of table of contents and preface, which were apparently prepared on the occasion of the publication of the work in a book form.

The study of specialization in the United States consists of the research and reference file of a study project on group practice and the manuscripts under the title of "Specialization in Medicine" prepared in 1968.

The project on health service in Tanganyika primarily contains informational material, research notes and data gathered, and drafts and manuscripts. The drafts and manuscripts include writings on birth control and health services, and a draft report.

Other academic works include records of three proposals for researches in the eighties on health care in the Delaware Valley and in the state of Pennsylvania, and for a study of the development of American hospitals in the century; an article on the career patterns of foreign medical graduates done by Stevens with two other authors; course syllabuses and reference material for courses taught by Dr. Stevens in 1968-1970; and a thesis on politics of social welfare done with help from Stevens.

The Rosemary A. W. Stevens papers consist mainly of research files and manuscripts.

The collection is divided into the following series:

1. The study of specialization and national medicine in England, 1949-1966

2. The study of specialization in the United States, 1959-1968

3. Health service in Tanganyika and other African countries, 1952-1963

4. Other academic works, 1968-1991

Gift of Dr. Stevens, January 22, 1992 and August, 1995.

University of Pennsylvania: University Archives and Records Center
Finding Aid Author
Kaiyi Chen
Finding Aid Date
December 1992
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Collection Inventory

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Conjoint Board Diploma candidates, data, 1961-1963.
Box 1 Folder 1
Correspondence, 1960.
Box 1 Folder 2
British N.H.S.
Box 1 Folder 3
British United Provident Association, brochures, 1962-1963.
Box 1 Folder 4
Clippings, 1963-1964.
Box 1 Folder 5
Clippings on British medical care, 1963 July-Dec.
Box 1 Folder 6
General Registrar Office, Quarterly returns, 1964-1966.
Box 1 Folder 7
Hospitals and health service.
Box 1 Folder 8
Ipswich Group: "Development of Consultant Services".
Box 1 Folder 9
Digest of health service, series A, No. 7-9, 1962-1963.
Box 1 Folder 10
Hospital medical and dental staff, 1959-1962.
Box 1 Folder 11
Hospital medical and dental staff analysis, 1961-1962.
Box 1 Folder 12
Box 1 Folder 13
National health service, 1949-1961.
Box 1 Folder 14
Oxford Regional Hospital Board: operational research unit.
Box 1 Folder 15
Wolverhampton: development of hospital service.
Box 1 Folder 16
Notes on questioning consultants, [1964].
Box Unknown container 598 for instance of Notes on questioning consultants, [1964] Folder 17
Center, Miss (Royal Society of Medicine).
Box Unknown container 599 for instance of Center, Miss (Royal Society of Medicine) Folder 18
College of General Practitioners, 1963.
Box Unknown container 600 for instance of College of General Practitioners, 1963 Folder 19
Cope (Royal College of Surgeons).
Box 1 Folder 20
Edward, Harold (consultant surgeon at King's College).
Box 1 Folder 21
Ellis, John R., 1963-1964.
Box 1 Folder 22
Firth, John, 1963.
Box 1 Folder 23
Hadfield, 1963-1964.
Box 1 Folder 24
Hexham: notes and questionnaire, 1964.
Box 1 Folder 25
Holland, Dr., 1963.
Box 1 Folder 26
Kellock, D. M., 1963.
Box 1 Folder 27
Box 1 Folder 28
Lambert, John, 1963.
Box 1 Folder 29
Laycock, Dr.
Box 1 Folder 30
Lewis, A.A.G., 1964.
Box 1 Folder 31
Correspondence, 1963.
Box 1 Folder 32
Index cards of correspondents.
Box 1 Folder 33
Interviews conducted.
Box 1 Folder 34
Newman, 1963.
Box 1 Folder 35
Platt, Sir Robert, 1963.
Box 1 Folder 36
Box 1 Folder 37
Box 1 Folder 38
Questionnaires 1-10.
Box 1 Folder 39
Questionnaires 11-20.
Box 1 Folder 40
Questionnaires 21-30.
Box 1 Folder 41
Questionnaires 31-40.
Box 1 Folder 42
Questionnaires 41-44.
Box 1 Folder 43
Statistics, hospital beds.
Box 1 Folder 44
Wessex Regional Hospital Board, 1964.
Box 1 Folder 45
Sheffield Regional Hospital Board, 1964.
Box 1 Folder 46
Smart, G.S.
Box 1 Folder 47
Stent, F., 1963.
Box 1 Folder 48
St. Thomas Hospital.
Box 1 Folder 49
Whitfield, Dr. A.G.W., [1964].
Box 1 Folder 50
Williams, Arthur, 1963.
Box 1 Folder 51
Winner, Albertine.
Box 1 Folder 52
Miscellaneous notes, 1964.
Box 1 Folder 53
"The British Medical Association".
Box 1 Folder 54
British medical education, [1964?].
Box 1 Folder 55
"Appointments Procedure".
Box 1 Folder 56
"Hospital Staffing Structure".
Box 1 Folder 57
Box 1 Folder 58
Box 1 Folder 59
"Terms and Conditions of Service".
Box 1 Folder 60
Employment in National Health Service.
Box 1 Folder 61
"General Practitioner and the Community".
Box 1 Folder 62
General Practitioners and the National Health Service, 1964.
Box 1 Folder 63
The Great Pay Dispute, with reference material, 1965.
Box 2 Folder 1
Medical Practice in England and Wales, 1965.
Box 2 Folder 2
Box 2 Folder 3
National Health Care, 1963.
Box 2 Folder 4
Notes for Chapter 12A (post-war development in specialties).
Box 2 Folder 5
Notes and data for Chapter 12B (Royal Colleges).
Box 2 Folder 6
Notes for Chapter 14.
Box 2 Folder 7
"Advisory Committee on Distinction Awards".
Box 2 Folder 8
"The Expanding Physician".
Box 2 Folder 9
"Joint Consultant Committee".
Box 2 Folder 10
"The Medical Profession and the State".
Box 2 Folder 11
"Medical Staffing Planning".
Box 2 Folder 12
"...Doctors' and Dentists' Remuneration".
Box 2 Folder 13
Specialization in England, undated.
Box 2 Folder 14
Cash before Delivery, etc.
Box 2 Folder 15
I. "Specialism in British Medicine".
Box 2 Folder 16
II. "Patterns of Practice".
Box 2 Folder 17
III. "Relative Standing of the Specialties".
Box 2 Folder 18
IV. "Medical Staffing Structure in the Hospital Service".
Box 2 Folder 19
V. "What does the Specialist do?".
Box 2 Folder 20
VI. "On the Consultant in the 1930s and 1960s".
Box 2 Folder 21
VII. "Specialist Training and Qualifications".
Box 2 Folder 22
Chapters 1-2.
Box 2 Folder 23
Chapter 3.
Box 2 Folder 24
Chapters 4-5.
Box 2 Folder 25
Chapters 6-7.
Box 2 Folder 26
Chapters 8A-8B.
Box 2 Folder 27
Chapters 8C-8D.
Box 2 Folder 28
Chapters 9-10A.
Box 2 Folder 29
Chapters 10B-12A.
Box 2 Folder 30
Chapters 12B-13A.
Box 3 Folder 1
Table of Contents, [1964-1966?].
Box 3 Folder 2
Preface, [1964-1966?].
Box 3 Folder 3
Advisory Committee on Consultants and Specialists.
Box 3 Folder 4
British medical education, 1963-1964, I.
Box 3 Folder 5
British medical education, 1963-1964, II.
Box 3 Folder 6
British medical education, 1964.
Box 3 Folder 7
Finance of National Health Service.
Box 3 Folder 8
Fogarty, Michael, and Marry Morris, 1962.
Box 3 Folder 9
Haywood, Miss.
Box 3 Folder 10
Health care in European and Australasian nations, [1961-1962].
Box 3 Folder 11
Local health services.
Box 3 Folder 12
Medical education in Britain.
Box 3 Folder 13
Medical insurance in U.S. and U.K.
Box 3 Folder 14
Medical staff planning and consultants.
Box 3 Folder 15
Medical staffing in Britain.
Box 3 Folder 16
Mental health.
Box 3 Folder 17
Nightingale and nursing.
Box 3 Folder 18
Pensions and old people in England.
Box 3 Folder 19
Royal College of Psychiatrists.
Box 3 Folder 20
Social administration.
Box 3 Folder 21
Social insurance.
Box 3 Folder 22
Statistics on consultants by specialties.
Box 3 Folder 23
Taylor, F.W.: his work and influence.
Box 3 Folder 24
Titmuss: essays on the welfare state.
Box 3 Folder 25
Training of general practitioners.
Box 3 Folder 26

Articles by Russel V. Lee, 1962-1966.
Box 3 Folder 27
Correspondence, 1966.
Box 3 Folder 28
Information material, miscellaneous.
Box 3 Folder 29
Brochures and pamphlets.
Box 3 Folder 30
Visit notes, 1966-1967.
Box 3 Folder 31
Pamphlets, 1959-1965.
Box 3 Folder 32
Palo Alto Medical Clinic, visit notes, 1966.
Box 3 Folder 33
Permanents Medical Group (San Francisco), visit notes, 1966.
Box 3 Folder 34
South California Permanents Medical Group, information material, 1963-1965.
Box 3 Folder 35
Part I. The Professional Setting (chapters 1-3).
Box 3 Folder 36
Part II. Formal Recognition of the Specialties (chapters 4-8).
Box 3 Folder 37
Chapters 9-11.
Box 3 Folder 38
Chapters 12-13.
Box 3 Folder 39
Chapter 14.
Box 3 Folder 40
Chapter 15.
Box 3 Folder 41
Chapters 16-17.
Box 3 Folder 42
Part V. Specialization: Problems for the 1970s (chapters 18-20).
Box 3 Folder 43

Correspondence, 1962.
Box 3 Folder 44
The African Medical and Research Foundation, health service report, 1963.
Box 4 Folder 1
Health services report, 1961.
Box 4 Folder 2
Ministry of Health report, 1955.
Box 4 Folder 3
Commission of Enquiry into the Health Needs, report, 1952.
Box 4 Folder 4
Government statement on the Commission report, 1955.
Box 4 Folder 5
Health service manpower and medical education, 1962-1963.
Box 4 Folder 6
Kivukoni College, annual report, 1962-1963.
Box 4 Folder 7
"Medical Education in Relation to the Needs of Uganda," undated.
Box 4 Folder 8
Memorandum on legal education in Africa, undated.
Box 4 Folder 9
Ministry of Health and Labor: health, 1960-1962.
Box 4 Folder 10
News clipping, 1962.
Box 4 Folder 11
"The Role of the Health Center in Kenya" by Brian Abel-Smith, 1962.
Box 4 Folder 12
"Study of the Health Services in Kenya" by Karshaw, [1961-1962?].
Box 4 Folder 13
Report on a visit to Tanganyika, 1961.
Box 4 Folder 14
Survey by the Biharziasis Advisory Team, 1961.
Box 4 Folder 15
Cost of health services, [1962].
Box 4 Folder 16
Miscellaneous data collected, 1961-1962.
Box 4 Folder 17
Miscellaneous notes, 1962.
Box 4 Folder 18
"Birth Control in Dar es Salaam".
Box 4 Folder 19
"Development of the Health Services of Tanganyika".
Box 4 Folder 20
"Health Services and their Problems Today".
Box 4 Folder 21
Report Draft, incomplete, [1962].
Box 4 Folder 22

"The American Hospital in the 20th Century," proposal and correspondence", 1985-1986.
Box 4 Folder 23
"Career Patterns of Foreign Medical Graduates".
Box 4 Folder 23
Manuscript, by Goldblatt, Mick, and Stevens, 1974.
Box 4 Folder 24
Comments, 1974.
Box 4 Folder 25
Course syllabus, Yale Medical School, " Medical Care 277a: Social Policy, "with reference works, 1969-1970.
Box 4 Folder 26
Development of Hospital and Outpatient Care in the Delaware Valley," proposal and correspondence, 1981-1982.
Box 4 Folder 27
Economic Models Limited, "The Medical Profession and the National Health Service," manuscript, 1971, [authorship unknown].
Box 4 Folder 28
History of the Commonwealth Fund, proposal, etc., 1979-1983.
Box 4 Folder 29
Institute of Medicine, "Research and Service Programs in the PHS," 1991.
Box 4 Folder 30
Syllabus and notes, 1968-1969.
Box 4 Folder 31
Reference material (I).
Box 4 Folder 32
Reference material (II).
Box 4 Folder 33
Thesis "Politics of Social Welfare" by Richard Fuchs, 1972.
Box 4 Folder 34

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