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Crawford Williamson Long Collection


Held at: University of Pennsylvania: University Archives and Records Center [Contact Us]3401 Market Street, Suite 210, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Pennsylvania: University Archives and Records Center. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Overview and metadata sections

Crawford Williamson Long was born on November 1, 1815 in Danielsville, GA to a prosperous family. He was a member of the Medical Class of 1839, and was the first in surgeon in American to use ether as an anesthetic in a surgical operation in 1842. Long's rural location and busy practice delayed his reporting of his findings until 1849. In 1846 Henry Jacob Bigelow of Boston reported the use of esther in Massachusetts General Hospital by John C. Warren and William T. G. Morton. This resulted in a dispute between Long and Morton over who's claim was correct. Both petitioned Congress for redress, but the events of the time precluded any action.

Long was also known for his skill and dedication as a physician. Long died on June 16, 1878.

The Crawford Williamson Long Collection contains photographs of documents attesting to his use of esther as an anesthetic. The source of the letters is not indicated.

Additional biographical material on Long can be found in his Alumni Record File. Crawford Williamson Long's papers are at the Library of Congress and the University of Georgia Library in Athens.

This collection consist of a single item.

From the collection of George E. Nitzche.

University of Pennsylvania: University Archives and Records Center
Finding Aid Author
Joseph-James Ahern
Finding Aid Date
June 2010
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Photographs of Letters, 1842-1907.
Box 1

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