F. Lynwood Garrison metallography photomicrographic glass plates
Held at: The Historical and Interpretive Collections of The Franklin Institute [Contact Us]222 N 20th St, Philadelphia, PA, 19103
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Frank Lynwood Garrison (1862-1951) was a mining engineer from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, who is best known for his research relating to the structural composition of iron and steel and establishing the science of metallography in the United States in 1886.
Frank Lynwood Garrison was born in 1862 in Philadelphia to David Rea Garrison and Maria Morgan Pleiss. He graduated from the University of Pennsylvania in 1883, having studied mining and civil engineering, metallurgy, chemistry, and geology. He established the science of metallography in the United States in 1886 and spent time in Russia from 1887 to 1888 investigating the structural composition of iron. He served as a commissioner for the Paris Exposition in 1889. From 1890 to 1899, he worked in Alaska, elsewhere in the United States, and Canada. The following year he spent time working in China. After working as chief engineer for the Empire Lumber and Mining Company in Johnson County, Tennessee from 1902-1904, Garrison worked as a consultant in South America, South Africa, and the United States. He also wrote several technical papers. He was a member of The Franklin Institute, the Mining and Metallurgical Society of America, the American Institute of Mining Engineers, the American Society of Civil Engineers, the Academy of Natural Sciences, and several other organizations.
In 1894, Garrison married Adele Mary Dwight (1869-1929) and they had three children together. After Adele's death in 1929, he married again. Frank Lynwood Garrison passed away in 1951.
Marquis, Albert Nelson. Who's Who in America: A Biographical Dictionary of Notable Living Men and Women of the United States. Chicago, IL: A. N. Marquis & Company, 1908.
F. Lynwood Garrison metallography photomicrographic glass plates, circa 1885, consist of approximately one hundred and ten glass plates depicting the composition of iron and steel. One image is of his camera and microscope apparatus. Some of the images were used in an 1885 article entitled "The Microscopic Structure of Iron and Steel," published in the Journal of The Franklin Institute (volume 120, issue 4 page 300). Images that were used for the article are labeled. Some plates have a clipping of the printed image from the article with them. About half of the images are labeled with the name of the material photographed and the magnification level at which the photograph was taken.
Summary descriptive information on this collection was compiled in 2014-2016 as part of a project conducted by the Historical Society of Pennsylvania to make better known and more accessible the largely hidden collections of small, primarily volunteer run repositories in the Philadelphia area. The Hidden Collections Initiative for Pennsylvania Small Archival Repositories (HCI-PSAR) was funded by a grant from The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.
This is a preliminary finding aid. No physical processing, rehousing, reorganizing, or folder listing was accomplished during the HCI-PSAR project.
In some cases, more detailed inventories or finding aids may be available on-site at the repository where this collection is held; please contact The Historical and Interpretive Collections of The Franklin Institute directly for more information.
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- Finding aid prepared by Sarah Leu and Anastasia Matijkiw through the Historical Society of Pennsylvania's Hidden Collections Initiative for Pennsylvania Small Archival Repositories
- This preliminary finding aid was created as part of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania's Hidden Collections Initiative for Pennsylvania Small Archival Repositories. The HCI-PSAR project was made possible by a grant from The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.
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