Anthony F. C. Wallace "Rockdale" research files
Held at: Delaware County Historical Society [Contact Us]408 Avenue of the States, Chester, Pennsylvania, 19013
This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the Delaware County Historical Society. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.
Overview and metadata sections
Anthony Francis Clarke Wallace (born 1923) is a Canadian-American psychological anthropologist and historian who mostly specializes in Native American cultures, especially the Iroquois. He is famous for the theory of revitalization movements, and is known for his analysis of acculturation under the influence of technological change.
Born in Toronto, Ontario, in 1923, the son of the historian Paul Wallace, Anthony F.C. Wallace did both undergraduate and graduate work at the University of Pennsylvania, where he was a student of A. Irving Hallowell and Frank Speck. He received his Ph.D. in 1950. He later taught at the University of Pennsylvania from 1951 to 1988, where his students included the anthropologist Raymond D. Fogelson. Wallace also served as the Director of Clinical Research at the Eastern Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute.
Rockdale: The Growth of an American Village in the Early Industrial Revolution (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1978), considered one of Wallace's most significant monographs, is a psychoanthropological history of the Industrial Revolution in which he studies the cultural aspects of the cognitive process, especially involving the transfer of information during periods of technological expansion.
"A celebrated triumph of historiography, Rockdale tells the story of the Industrial Revolution as it was experienced by the men, women, and children of the cotton-manufacturing town of Rockdale, [along the banks of Chester Creek in Delaware County,] Pennsylvania. The lives of workers, managers, inventors, owners, and entrepreneurs are brilliantly illuminated by Anthony F. C. Wallace, who also describes the complex technology that governed all of Rockdale's townspeople. Wallace examines the new relationships between employer and employee as work and workers moved out of the fields into the closed-in world of the spinning mule, the power loom, and the mill office. He brings to light the impassioned battle for the soul of the mill worker, a struggle between the exponents of the Enlightenment and Utopian Socialism, on the one hand, and, on the other, the ultimately triumphant champions of evangelical Christianity."
Quoted text from: Rockdale: The Growth of an American Village in the Early Industrial Revolution University of Nebraska Press, 2005. Back cover. Accessed July 1, 2013. http://books.google.com/books/about/Rockdale.html?id=McrESStscH4C
This collection consists of notes made by or under the direction of Anthony F. C. Wallace during the research and writing of Rockdale: The Growth of an American Village in the Early Industrial Revolution (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1978). Most of the material is transcripts or extracts from primary-source documents, such as ledgers and account books, with information about the residents of Rockdale (along the banks of Chester Creek in Delaware County, Pa.) from the early to mid-19th century. For relevant individuals, Wallace filled out a source sheet listing the sources consulted in his research and whether they included the person in question. If so, Wallace copied out the relevant information from the sources.
Also included is a box of index cards of workers, neighbors, bosses, etc., filed by name.
Folder titles in the collection read: Penn's Grove Paybook (three folders) Rockdale, defendant A. Wallace, Rockdale notes, grantor/grantee index Rockdale - Riddle cohorts Rockdale, other than Riddle cohorts Parkmount Employees in Parkmount Day Book (booklet)
Summary descriptive information on this collection was compiled in 2012-2014 as part of a project conducted by the Historical Society of Pennsylvania to make better known and more accessible the largely hidden collections of small, primarily volunteer run repositories in the Philadelphia area. The Hidden Collections Initiative for Pennsylvania Small Archival Repositories (HCI-PSAR) was funded by a grant from The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.
This is a preliminary finding aid. No physical processing, rehousing, reorganizing, or folder listing was accomplished during the HCI-PSAR project.
In some cases, more detailed inventories or finding aids may be available on-site at the repository where this collection is held; please contact Delaware County Historical Society directly for more information.
- Delaware County Historical Society
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- Finding aid prepared by Celia Caust-Ellenbogen and Faith Charlton through the Historical Society of Pennsylvania's Hidden Collections Initiative for Pennsylvania Small Archival Repositories
- This preliminary finding aid was created as part of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania's Hidden Collections Initiative for Pennsylvania Small Archival Repositories. The HCI-PSAR project was made possible by a grant from The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.
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