Records of the Manufacturing Chemists' Association
Held at: Science History Institute Archives [Contact Us]315 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19106
This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the Science History Institute Archives. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.
Overview and metadata sections
The Manufacturing Chemists' Association was an industry trade association for American chemical companies. The Manufacturing Chemist's Association was formed in 1872 and initially concerned itself with matters relating to product standards and quality. Later, the association became involved in matters relating to chemical safety and to the environment.
In 1878, the Association began to take an active stand on behalf of protectionist forces in the struggle waged over the issue of free trade. It was the Association's contention that free trade would give the better established European chemical manufacturers of England, France, and Germany an unfair advantage over the still-developing United States companies. In time, the Manufacturing Chemists' Association became so well versed in tariffs and trade-related matters that their members came to be relied upon by the United States Congress as expert advisors.
During World War I, many prominent Manufacturing Chemists' Association members were a part of the Chemical Alliance. The Chemical Alliance worked to ensure that substitute sources could be found for vital chemicals previously supplied by Germany.
The Manufacturing Chemists' Association became the Chemical Manufacturers Association in 1979. In 2000, the Association became The American Chemistry Council, Incorporated. The American Chemistry Council, Incorporated is presently active and represents more than 190 chemical companies.
Records of the Manufacturing Chemists' Association, Science History Institute Archives, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
The Records of the Manufacturing Chemists' Association is a fragmentary collection. The bulk of the association's early records are believed to have been lost in a fire. What remains, aside from the letter books and one volume of minutes, is mostly related to several attempts to gather historical documents to be used for an official history of the association. Attempts made by association secretaries in 1921 (in preparation for the Manufacturing Chemists' Association 50th Anniversary) and 1947 (75th Anniversary) both ended in failure. In 1972, the Manufacturing Chemists' Association was able to issue a commemorative volume honoring their Centennial.
These records contain correspondence and documentation relating to all three attempts. The records are arranged into the following four series:
- Correspondence and Letter Books
- Material Gathered for an Organizational History
- Manufacturing Chemists' Association Addenda
The Records of the Manufacturing Chemists' Association were donated to the Science History Institute (formerly the Chemical Heritage Foundation) by the American Chemistry Council in 2001.
The Records of the Manufacturing Chemists' Association were processed by Andrew Mangravite in 2003. This finding aid was edited by Andrew Mangravite in 2017 and by Birch Mezzaroba in April 2022.
- Science History Institute Archives
- Finding Aid Author
- Finding aid created by Andrew Mangravite and encoded into EAD by Birch Mezzaroba.
- Finding Aid Date
- Access Restrictions
There are no restrictions on the materials and the collection is open to the public.
- Use Restrictions
The Science History Institute holds copyright to the Records of the Manufacturing Chemists' Association. The researcher assumes full responsibility for all copyright, property, and libel laws as they apply.
Arranged in its original order, this series consists of letter books of correspondence by members of the Manufacturing Chemists' Association. The files in this series contain pro forma letters and letters concerning tariff legislation, publications, and political and technical matters.
Arranged in its original order, this series consists of administrative documents from the Manufacturing Chemists' Association. The contents of this file mostly contain meeting minutes. Amendments to the Association's constitution and by-laws and a letter are also preserved here.
Arranged in its original order, this series makes up the bulk of the Records of the Manufacturing Chemist's Association. The materials in this series were collected to write a history of the Manufacturing Chemists' Association, which was ultimately written in 1972 as part of the Association's Centennial. Many of the contents of these files were gathered by John I. Tierney and Warren N. Watson, secretaries of the Manufacturing Chemists' Association.
The contents of this series are arranged into the following three sub-series:
- Documents and Correspondence
Arranged in its original order, this sub-series contains administrative documents and correspondence created by the Manufacturing Chemists' Association. The contents of these files include publications, reports, member information, and correspondence relating to the Association.
Arranged in its original order, this sub-series consists of newspapers containing articles relating to the Manufacturing Chemists' Association. The articles in these newspapers concern Manufacturing Chemists' Association meetings and an agreement between chemical companies and the federal government. Some of the newspapers are included in duplicate.
This sub-series contains photographs that were included in the Manufacturing Chemists' Association volume, MCA 1872-1972: A Centennial History. The photographs are arranged in the order that they appear in the volume.
Photo filed with oversized photos.
Arranged in its original order, this series consists of meeting materials from Manufacturing Chemists' Association meetings. These files were collected by the Library Club for its research value. The contents of these files contain news releases, speeches, and panelist remarks.