General Dyestuff Corporation collection
Held at: Science History Institute Archives [Contact Us]315 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19106
This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the Science History Institute Archives. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.
Overview and metadata sections
General Dyestuff Company (GDC) was formed in 1925 as part of I.G. Farben's attempt to regain Germany's pre WWI dominance in the field of dye and pigment production. It was a partnership between the Grasselli Chemical Company of Cincinnati, OH and Bayer Leverkusen, a member of the Farben combine, in Germany under which the Germans would provide the technical know-how while Grasselli offered them an opening into valuable U.S. markets. In 1942 the U.S. imposed government control on GDC and General Aniline, also largely controlled by I.G. Farben. Under the Farben system manufacturing was done by General Aniline while GDC, which had functioned as the exclusive selling agent for Farben products in the U.S. controlled customer relations and set production schedules. This unwieldy arrangement led the Justice Department to finally merge GDC and General Aniline in 1953. The new entity acquired the acronym GAF.
Roberta M. Tremain was a textile chemist employed in the Research Department. Her group would report each year on their research work recording their findings in notebooks illustrated with samples of the textiles or fibers that they studied.
For a more detailed inventory, please view this record in our library catalog: https://othmerlib.sciencehistory.org/record=b1071762~S6
The notebooks are largely organized by dye color. There is one binder devoted specifically to the Marhen Process. The sales book is really more a catalogue of dyes available, illustrated via cloth swatches.
Arranged into two series: Series 1. Textile Chemists' Group Research Notebooks; Series 2. Miscellaneous G.D.C. & BASF Materials.
This is a collection of bound notebooks containing sample swatches of various fabrics, dyed by various processes. There are also five binders of technical information and large format sales book.
Source of acquisition--Roberta M. Tremain. Method of acquisition--Gift;; Date of acquisition--2013..
- Science History Institute Archives