Records of Carbogel, Incorporated
Held at: Science History Institute Archives [Contact Us]315 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19106
This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the Science History Institute Archives. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.
Overview and metadata sections
Carbogel, Incorporated was the United States subsidiary of AB Carbogel, a Swedish alternative fuels firm. AB Carbogel was founded in 1974 as a joint venture between Boliden Mineral AB, a Swedish mining company, and Berol Kemi, a Swedish specialty chemicals company. The firm was the developer and manufacturer of Carbogel, a coal water slurry fuel. The manufacture of Carbogel involved wet grinding specially selected coals to a certain fineness, benefaction by froth flotation (which removed ash and sulfur content), filtration and dewatering, and finally mixing with chemical additives supplied by Berol Kemi. The end result was a slurry mix of coal and water which could be used in place of more expensive Number 6 fuel oil ("Bunker Oil") in industrial applications.
In the wake of the energy crises of the 1970s, Carbogel coal water slurry initially appeared to be a practical and desirable alternative fuel. To better promote Carbogel in the international energy market, AB Carbogel founded subsidiaries in Canada, Japan, and the United States.
Carbogel, Incorporated was established by AB Carbogel in 1983 to develop and promote Carbogel technology in the United States. This subsidiary was 70% owned by its Swedish parent firm and 30% owned by Foster Wheeler Energy Corporation, an American energy concern. However, problems arising from the improper storage of the slurry in tank cars and an unforeseen drop in the price of Number 6 fuel oil relegated Carbogel to a niche position in the United States energy market.
Records of Carbogel, Incorporated, Science History Institute Archives, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
The Records of Carbogel, Incorporated contain corporate records generated by Carbogel, Incorporated. The collection mainly documents Carbogel, Incorporated's administrative and research and development activities during the time period in which the donor, Richard M. Goodman, was employed by the firm as a Project Director (1984-1987). It also contains a small amount of material documenting Goodman's consultant work for Energy International, Incorporated, another alternative fuels technology company.
The Records of Carbogel, Incorporated are arranged into the following three series:
- Corporate Files
- R & D Files
- E.I. (Energy International) Files
The Records of Carbogel, Incorporated were donated to the Science History Institute (formerly the Chemical Heritage Foundation) by Richard M. Goodman in 2012.
The Records of Carbogel, Incorporated were processed by Andrew Mangravite in 2013.
- AB Carbogel
- Advanced Fuel Research, Inc
- Berol Kemi Ab (Sweden)
- Energy International, Inc
- INNOVATECH Energy Systems, Inc.
- Science History Institute Archives
- Finding Aid Author
- Finding aid created by Andrew Mangravite and encoded into EAD by Kenton G. Jaehnig.
- Finding Aid Date
- Access Restrictions
There are no access restrictions on the materials for research purposes and the collection is open to the public.
- Use Restrictions
The Science History Institute holds copyright to the Records of Carbogel, Incorporated. The researcher assumes full responsibility for all copyright, property, and libel laws as they apply.
Arranged in its original order, this series contains administrative files generated by Carbogel, Incorporated. These files primarily document Carbogel, Incorporated's administrative activities during Richard M. Goodman's employment with the firm. The contents of these files consist of a variety of materials, including, but not limited to, correspondence, administrative data, reports, and reprints.
Arranged in its original order, this series contains research and development files generated by Carbogel, Incorporated during Richard M. Goodman's employment with the firm. These files primarily document Carbogel, Incorporated's research and development work on coal water slurry fuels and the technologies for manufacturing them. Several professional conferences regarding coal slurries, which were apparently attended by Richard M. Goodman and/or his Carbogel, Incorporated colleagues, are also documented here.
The contents of the R & D Files consist of a variety of materials. Reports, correspondence, research and development data, conference papers, and article reprints are the most common materials found in these files. Smaller, but noticeable, amounts of government documents, trade ads, and conference proceedings are also preserved in this series. A variety of other miscellaneous materials, including, but not limited to, memoranda, article preprints, notes, and transparencies are present in this series as well.
See also Box 10 Folder 8.
See also Box 10 Folder 6.
See also Box 10 Folder 2.
See also Box 9 Folder 15.
See also Box 9 Folder 8.
See also Box 8 Folder 13-16.
See also Box 8 Folder 1-12.
Formed in 1985 by a group of ex-Gulf Oil Corporation employees, Energy International, Incorporated was a firm concerned with the commercialization of non-petroleum-based energy technologies. Energy International contracted with Chevron Corporation, who was then in the process of assimilating Gulf Oil, to purchase the rights to the coal-based technologies Gulf Oil had been developing. Richard M. Goodman served as a consultant to this firm after his departure from Carbogel, Incorporated.
This series contains files pertaining to Richard M. Goodman's consultant work for Energy International, Incorporated. The contents of the E.I. (Energy International) Files are arranged into the following two sub-series:
- E.I. Files
- INNOVATECH Files
Arranged in its original order, this sub-series contains Richard M. Goodman's files pertaining to his consultant work for Energy International, Incorporated. These files provide a limited amount of documentation of Energy International's business activities, which include its work on coal water slurry fuels. The contents of these files consist of a variety of materials, including, but not limited to, correspondence, reports, proposals, and reprints.
INNOVATECH Energy Systems, Incorporated was a Canadian energy company. It was formed to develop Atmospheric Fluidized Bed Combustion (AFBC) and Coal Water Slurry (CWS) technology developed by the Technical University of Nova Scotia (TUNS) and Cape Breton Development Corporation (CBDC). INNOVATECH appears to have worked with Energy International, Incorporated. The contents of these files consist of a variety of materials, including, but not limited to, correspondence, a business plan, an agreement, and a proposal.