Central Organisation for a Durable Peace Collected Records
Held at: Swarthmore College Peace Collection [Contact Us]500 College Avenue, Swarthmore 19081-1399
This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the Swarthmore College Peace Collection. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.
Overview and metadata sections
The Central Organisation for a Durable Peace was formed at The Hague (the Netherlands) in April 1915 by representatives from nine European nations and the United States. The deliberations of this meeting were summarized in a manifesto, and a nine point minimum-program calling for coercive sanctions, which were studied by nine international research committees and several national committees. The Organisation's statement of purpose emphasized pacifistic and liberal principles as requisite for a "new diplomacy" that they hoped would emerge as a consequence of World War I. Departing from strict pacifism, the organization expressed a willingness to accept military sanctions against countries that started hostilities without first making a good faith effort to resolve a dispute by submitting to international arbitration or making some other appeal to the existing peace machinery.
The Organisation met throughout the war to discuss the basis of a durable peace, not disbanding until after the Treaty of Versailles, but the American Branch's main activities occurred before the U.S. entry into the war in 1917. American peace leaders involved with the Organisation included Fannie Fern Andrews, Emily Greene Balch and William I. Hull.
Most of the material in this collection came from the papers of William I. Hull, which were given to Swarthmore College between 1935 and 1939. Though the files of the Nederlandsche Anti-Oorlog Raad had been placed in this collection at some point, as this group was part of the Organisation's International Council (or affiliated as a National Group?), the material was removed in 2004 as it both pre-dates and goes beyond the scope of this collection.
This collection was formerly DG 007 before being moved to the CDG-B area.
Guide to the Swarthmore College Peace Collection, 2nd ed. p. 16.
The Swarthmore College Peace Collection is not the official repository for these papers/records.
Gift of William I. Hull, 1935-1939.
For the catalog record for this collection, and to find materials on similar topics, search the library's online catalog.
Items removed: journal publication "Holland News" removed to the Periodical Collection; MA thesis about the Organisation by Madeline Z. Doty removed to the Book Collection.
- Central Organization for a Durable Peace (Hague, Netherlands)
- Central Organization for a Durable Peace (Hague, Netherlands). American Branch
- Swiss Committee for the Study of the Principles of a Durable Treaty of Peace
- Nederlandsche Anti-Oorlog Raad
- Swarthmore College Peace Collection
- Access Restrictions
- Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendents, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
- Use Restrictions
[includes copy in French]