Main content

Vardaman Collection

Notifications

Held at: Princeton University Library: Manuscripts Division [Contact Us]

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the Princeton University Library: Manuscripts Division. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Overview and metadata sections

Vardaman, 1877-

Mansel Vardaman Boyle (1877-1945) was a popular vaudeville performer known by the stage name Vardaman. Active on the vaudeville circuit from 1901 through 1925, Vardaman was billed as a female impersonator, often appearing on programs as "Vardaman, the Gay Deceiver" or "Vardaman, the Auburn-haired Beauty" and sometimes as "LaVarde" or "La Vardy." He performed extensively in the American West, and later, across the country and internationally, eventually becoming one of the best-known female impersonators of the period.

Vardaman was born in 1877 in Santa Cruz, California. His parents were Arthur E. Boyle and Mary A. Kennedy Boyle (d. 1905), both the children of Irish immigrants, and his siblings included A. Eugene Boyle (d. 1913) and Mary J. Manley. His family moved to Butte, Montana, in the mid 1890s, where his father and brother worked as miners at Belle Mine, while Vardaman worked as a clerk, stenographer, and bartender while beginning to perform in local theatrical productions with the Overland Minstrels, a local amateur theater group. The Boyle family moved to Alameda, California, in 1903. Around this time, Vardaman began touring around the country, with frequent performances in California, Montana, and other Western states, eventually expanding to cover the Midwest and East Coast vaudeville routes. He performed in a variety of vaudeville acts, including with a burlesque group named the Champagne Belles. At the height of his popularity, Vardaman went on a tour of the world, sailing from Honolulu in 1913. He performed to favorable reviews in Australia, South Africa, and England, while visiting many other places. From 1922 to 1925, Vardaman performed predominantly in the Los Angeles area.

By the late 1920s, Vardaman had ceased performing but maintained relationships in the theater community. In the 1930s, he lived in the household of Louis Sunlin, a theater owner in Flint, Michigan. He later returned to Los Angeles, living with Milford L. Bailey in the mid 1930s and later with silent film star J. Warren Kerrigan (1879-1947) from at least 1936 to 1938. He died on May 28, 1945.

This collection consists of personal, business, and family correspondence, appointment books, documents, photographs, scripts, sheet music, playbills, theater souvenir books, clippings, and other materials created by or related to vaudeville performer Vardaman (1877-1945). Materials are both professional and personal in nature, though the majority have to do with Vardaman's vaudeville career.

Vardaman's correspondence with theater managers, fellow entertainers, and admirers, route sheets and artist's contracts, and appointment books all provide insights into his travels within the United States and internationally from 1903 to 1925. There are also annotated scripts, sheet music, and lyrics sheets used by Vardaman during his performances. Photographic materials include studio portraits of Vardaman in costume and photogravure printing blocks used to print advertisements for his performances, as well as more informal snapshots, such as photographs of Vardaman with family and friends, travel photographs, and associated negatives. There is also a significant group of photographs of other vaudeville, minstrel, and burlesque performers active from the 1880s through the 1920s, including other acts who toured as female or male impersonators. Most of these prints are inscribed to Vardaman from the entertainers pictured, many of whom he likely met on the road.

Printed materials in the collection also document Vardaman's professional career, as well as the late 19th and early 20th century vaudeville community more broadly. There are clippings with reviews and announcements about Vardaman's performances, including a scrapbook, as well as playbills both for Vardaman's appearances and those of other entertainers who appeared at the same theaters. There are also some theater souvenir books, including materials related to Julian Eltinge (1881-1941), and programs from other theatrical performances.

The majority of the collection appears to consist of Vardaman's own papers, though a small amount of family papers and printed materials may have been added by later custodians of the collection before it arrived at the library.

Arranged by material type.

The term "female impersonator" appears throughout this finding aid to describe Vardaman and related entertainers who advertised their performances using this term during their lifetimes. Female and male impersonation was a genre of theatrical performance in which the entertainer performed a gender aside from the one they were assigned at birth, and was at the height of its popularity on vaudeville circuits in the United States from the turn of the century through the 1920s. While many performers active as female and male impersonators were likely part of what we would now refer to as LGBTQIA+ communities, others were straight and cisgender. While some performances in this genre challenged gender norms and had similiarities to drag culture, others perpetuated sexist, transphobic, homophobic, and racist stereotypes at a time when transgressive gender and sexuality practices were heavily policed in the United States.

Purchased as a collection from William Reese Company in September 1982.

For preservation reasons, original analog and digital media may not be read or played back in the reading room. Users may visually inspect physical media but may not remove it from its enclosure. All analog audiovisual media must be digitized to preservation-quality standards prior to use. Audiovisual digitization requests are processed by an approved third-party vendor. Please note, the transfer time required can be as little as several weeks to as long as several months and there may be financial costs associated with the process. Requests should be directed through the Ask Us Form.

This collection was originally processed and the finding aid written in 2002.

The collection was reprocessed and the finding aid was revised by Kelly Bolding in May-June 2018. During reprocessing, nitrate negatives were physically isolated from other photographic materials and are stored in off-site cold storage facilities.

The term "female impersonator" appears throughout this finding aid to describe Vardaman and related entertainers who advertised their performances using this term during their lifetimes. The collection description was updated by Kelly Bolding in 2021 to add additional contextual information about the usage of this term and its history.

Sources consulted during revisions made to this finding aid include:

Casey, Kathleen B. The Prettiest Girl On Stage Is a Man: Race and Gender Benders In American Vaudeville. Knoxville: The University of Tennessee Press, 2015.

Kibler, M. Alison. Rank Ladies : Gender and Cultural Hierarchy in American Vaudeville. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1999.

Ullman, Sharon R. "'The Twentieth Century Way': Female Impersonation and Sexual Practice in Turn-of-the-Century America." Journal of the History of Sexuality 5, no. 4 (1995): 573-600.

No material was separated from the collection during 2018 reprocessing.

Publisher
Manuscripts Division
Finding Aid Author
Kelly Bolding
Finding Aid Date
2002
Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research use.

Use Restrictions

Single copies may be made for research purposes. To cite or publish quotations that fall within Fair Use, as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission is required. For instances beyond Fair Use, it is the responsibility of the researcher to determine whether any permissions related to copyright, privacy, publicity, or any other rights are necessary for their intended use of the Library's materials, and to obtain all required permissions from any existing rights holders, if they have not already done so. Princeton University Library's Special Collections does not charge any permission or use fees for the publication of images of materials from our collections, nor does it require researchers to obtain its permission for said use. The department does request that its collections be properly cited and images credited. More detailed information can be found on the Copyright, Credit and Citations Guidelines page on our website. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact us through the Ask Us! form.

Collection Inventory

Arrangement

Arranged into file groups by person.

Scope and Contents

Consists of assorted correspondence of Vardaman and his family, including letters and postcards to Vardaman concerning both personal and professional matters, correspondence between his family members, and a few letters by others.

Physical Description

1 box

Scope and Contents

Consists of letters, postcards, telegrams, invitations, and announcements from friends and admirers of his work, as well as from vaudeville performers, theater managers, and authors. Correspondence spans both professional and personal matters.

Arrangement

Arranged alphabetically by correspondent.

Physical Description

1 box

African Theatres Trust Limited, 1914 March 13. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Baerwitz, Samuel (Vaudeville Manager), 1915 June 16. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

DeVerne, Thelma (Vaudeville Performer), 1921 October 15. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Holden, Don (Admirer/Amateur Performer), 1913 September 18-November 24. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Two letters.

Physical Description

1 folder

"Mr. Howard" (Admirer), 1913 August 7. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Madison, James (Vaudeville Author), 1920 November 22. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

McLaughlin, Nettie, and Earl Flynn (Vaudeville Performers), 1912 January 12-1913 October 22. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Pantages Theatre Company, 1910 October 11-19. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Three letters. Two are from Edward J. Fisher.

Physical Description

1 folder

Stephens, T. A. (Secretary of the Loyal Order of the Moose), 1913 March 26-April 2. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Upleger, Ethel (Admirer), 1916 December 4. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"Walt," Regarding the Death of Vardaman's Mother, 1925 February 16. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Postcards, 1909-1924. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Includes postcards from Max Manion, Charles F. Manley, I. M. Keene, "R.P.K," "Duntille," and others. Also includes some empty envelopes addressed to Vardaman.

Physical Description

1 folder

Wedding Invitations and Birth Announcements, 1898-1918. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Arrangement

Arranged by family member.

Scope and Contents

Consists of letters and postcards to members of Vardaman's family, including some postcards from him.

Physical Description

1 box

Letters To Arthur E. Boyle (Father), 1905-1916. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Includes postcards and letters to Arthur E. Boyle from Vardaman (son), Eugene Boyle (son), Mary J. Manley (daughter), Alice Manley (granddaughter), May Kellogg (niece), medical device salespersons, and others. There is also a withdrawal card from the Western Federation of Miners union, dated October 13, 1913.

Physical Description

1 folder

Letters to Eugene Boyle (Brother), 1903-1913. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Postcards from to Eugene Boyle from Vardaman (brother), Mary J. Manley (sister), Alice Manley (niece), May Kellogg (cousin), and others.

Physical Description

1 folder

Postcards to Alice Manley (Niece), 1908 June 6-1913 October 27. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Two postcards from Vardaman.

Physical Description

1 folder

Letters to M. H. Spielman, 1916-1920. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Two letters regarding a medal.

Physical Description

1 folder

Arrangement

Arranged by type of document.

Scope and Contents

Consists of financial and legal documents pertaining to Vardaman's career as a vaudeville performer, and to a lesser extent, his personal life. The artist's contracts and route sheets provide detailed information about his travels abroad and the conditions of his appearances at various theaters.

Physical Description

1 box

Artist's Contracts and Route Sheets, 1903-1925. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Consists of a chronological file of Vardaman's performer's contracts with various theater companies in the United States, Canada, England, and South Africa, as well as route sheets documenting his travel circuits. The chronological run has some notable gaps; materials included here document the years 1903; 1908-1916; and 1922-1925.

Physical Description

1 folder

Australian Income Tax Bill and Receipt, 1913-1914. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Consists of an income tax bill and receipt for a tax of 18 shillings for four weeks of work in Wellington, New South Wales, Australia.

Physical Description

1 folder

Receipts for Groceries, Shoes, and Prescription, 1883-1910. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Certification of Birth Attested to by Mary Jane Bennett (Aunt), 1914 July 9. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Certificate of Copyright Registration for "The Bathing Girl", 1909-1911 November 16. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

To "Mansel Vardaman, United States" for "The Bathing Girl. Lyrics and Music by Lynne A. Hazzard" (1911 November 16). Also includes a printed notice regarding copyright registration (1909).

Physical Description

1 folder

Arrangement

Arranged chronologically.

Scope and Contents

Consists of three appointment books documenting Vardaman's travels as a vaudeville performer in 1909, 1910, and 1912. Entries consist primarily of the names of theaters where he was performing on certain dates, as well as notes about travel fares and schedules, contact information for theater managers, and indications of days taken off for rest. There is also a small collection of business and visiting cards from various vaudeville performers, theater managers, and others spanning from 1909 to 1914, some of which include handwritten notes.

Physical Description

1 box

Appointment Book, 1909. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Appointment Book, 1910. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Appointment Book, 1912. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Visiting and Business Cards, 1909-1914. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Scope and Contents

Consists of photographic materials, including photographic prints, negatives, and two photogravure printing blocks documenting Vardaman's professional career as a performer, as well as his travels and family life. Vardaman also collected photographs of other popular vaudeville performers from the 1880s through the 1920s, many of which are inscribed to him, that show a broader view of the turn-of-the-century vaudeville circuit.

Arrangement

Arranged by subject.

Physical Description

5 boxes

Scope and Contents

Consists primarily of studio portraits depicting Vardaman in costume. Most are individual portraits, though some show Vardaman with other performers in his acts. While most photographs refer to Vardaman as "Vardaman," "Varde," or "Vardy," some are also captioned "Calvert." For some photographs, there is also a negative made from one of the prints.

Physical Description

1 box

"Vardy & Co.", circa 1901-1925. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

2 copies. Rembrandt, Chicago. Vardaman with four women and a man.

Physical Description

1 folder

Vardaman Opening a Window, circa 1901-1925. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

4 copies. C.F. Garing & Co., Chicago.

Physical Description

1 folder

"Varde & Girls", circa 1901-1925. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

4 copies. Rembradt, Chicago. Four women in pajamas and nightcaps.

Physical Description

1 folder

"Varde & Girls, The Gay Deceiver", circa 1901-1925. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

4 copies. Rembrandt, Chicago. Vardaman with four women in bathing wear.

Physical Description

1 folder

"Varde & Girls in 'Oh, Auntie!'", circa 1901-1925. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

4 copies. Rembradt, Chicago. Vardaman in bathing wear before an ocean scene.

Physical Description

1 folder

"Vardaman, The Gay Deceiver", circa 1901-1925. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

8 copies. Hartsouk Photo. Vardaman posing alone.

Physical Description

1 folder

"Vardy & Co.", circa 1901-1925. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

4 copies. Rembradt, Chicago. Vardaman posing with four women and one man.

Physical Description

1 folder

"La Vardy in Society Scandal", circa 1901-1925. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Several copies of multiple shots of Vardaman in various costumes. Davies, Portland, Oregon.

Physical Description

1 folder

Vardaman Posing on Chair, circa 1901-1925. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

5 copies. Silver, Chicago. In a white dress.

Physical Description

1 folder

Vardaman Side Profile Portrait, circa 1901-1925. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

7 copies. C.F. Garing & Co., Chicago/Hartsook Photo.

Physical Description

1 folder

"Vardaman", circa 1901-1925. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

2 copies. White, New York. Posing alone.

Physical Description

1 folder

"Vardaman, Julian Eltinge Revival", circa 1901-1925. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

4 copies. C. F. Gairington & Co., Chicago. In a formal black dress, holding an umbrella. Also includes an image from Morton, San Francisco, in the same dress.

Physical Description

1 folder

Vardaman Portrait in Formal Dress, circa 1901-1925. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

3 copies (1 is a similar shot).

Physical Description

1 folder

Vardaman in Formal Dress with Umbrella, circa 1901-1925. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

2 copies. Silver, Columbus, Ohio.

Physical Description

1 folder

Vardaman Removing Wig, Sardony, Sydney, 1915. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

4 copies. C. F. Gairington & Co., Chicago.

Physical Description

1 folder

"The Gay Deceiver", circa 1901-1925. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

3 copies. Baker Art Gallery, Columbus / Silver, Chicago. Vardaman posing alone in short dress.

Physical Description

1 folder

Vardaman Bowing in Pale Dress, circa 1901-1925. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

2 copies. Silver, Chicago.

Physical Description

1 folder

"Calvert - The Gay Deceiver", circa 1901-1925. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

1 copy. Baker Art Gallery, Columbus, Ohio. Posing alone in dark dress and hat with umbrella.

Physical Description

1 folder

Vardaman Dancing with a Man, circa 1901-1925. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Vardaman Posing with Chair, circa 1901-1925. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

2 copies. Dworshak.

Physical Description

1 folder

"Vardaman, Female Impersonator - Mirror Week - Berl-Levey Circuit", circa 1901-1925. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

1 copy. Baker Art Gallery, Columbus, Ohio. Posing with bouquet.

Physical Description

1 folder

Portraits Inscribed to Family Members, circa 1901-1925. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

2 copies of a mounted portrait (White, New York), one of which is inscribed by Vardaman to his sister.

Physical Description

1 folder

Portraits Inscribed to Family Members, 1908 September. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Four mounted portraits (J. A. Hood Studio, Racine, Wisconsin), inscribed by Vardaman to his father, sister, and brother.

Physical Description

1 folder

Advertisements and Promotional Shots, circa 1901-1925. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Photogravure Printing Blocks, circa 1901-1925. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Two printing blocks, one including seven photographs of Vardaman along with his name and another including a full body portrait.

Physical Description

1 folder

Studio Portraits of Vardaman in Menswear, 1903-1914. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Eleven portraits of Vardaman in menswear, most of which are inscribed by him to his family members.

Physical Description

1 folder

Arrangement

Arranged alphabetically by the name of the performer or act.

Scope and Contents

Consists of studio portraits, staged scenes from performances, card photographs, advertisement cards, and some candid shots of other vaudeville, minstrel, and burlesque performers. Most are signed and inscribed to Vardaman.

Physical Description

2 boxes

A, 1914-1916. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Includes Ethel Schaefer Alcom, Grace Louise Anderson, C.A. Anderson, Otto and Joe Asweno, "The Great Alberto," and The Aerial Benos.

Physical Description

1 folder

B, 1881-1915. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Includes Monty Banks, Chic Barrymore, Lou Bates, Harry Bawden, "Beatrice, alias La Reine," Bennett Five, Anita Birdsall (née Wing), Madge Beresford, Brosius and Brown, and Brown and Bristol.

Physical Description

1 folder

Boydell, Jeanne, circa 1881-1923. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Brown, Lola, circa 1881-1923. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Bryant, Leonce, circa 1881-1923. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Burton, Elwood, circa 1881-1923. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

One photograph also includes Mae Clarke.

Physical Description

1 folder

C, 1912-1917. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Includes "Carmencita," Margaret Cushing, Mae Clarke, Jim Chatham and Leah Dancourt, Filo Clarke, Janzo Cox, and King Cole and Jerry.

Physical Description

1 folder

Carpos Brothers, 1910. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Curtis Trio, circa 1881-1923. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

D, 1913-1922. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Includes Devoy and Dayton, Jed and Ethel Dooley, "DuBarry," Jeanette Dupree, Arthur Don, "Davey," "Dolly," and "Dorris."

Physical Description

1 folder

De Verne, circa 1881-1923. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"Della", circa 1881-1923. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

E, 1913-1916. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Includes "Elmina, The Furniture Tusslers" and "Louise Elliotte, Female Baritone in Male Impersonations."

Physical Description

1 folder

"Edgar", circa 1881-1923. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"Esmerelda", 1913-1914. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

F, 1895-1912. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Includes Della Fox, Holly Favineau[?], The Frawley Co., and Sidney Forrester and Miss Ray Lloyd.

Physical Description

1 folder

Fortuna, Celia, circa 1881-1923. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

G, 1909-1911. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Nellie Gemi-Brown and Arthur Jr. ("The Big Four"), "Gilley," and Minnie E. Granville.

Physical Description

1 folder

Golding and Keating, 1913. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

H, 1910. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Includes Harry Hayward and Company, Little Jack Harlington, George Hayes, Hill and Silvany, and "Huntress."

Physical Description

1 folder

Hazzard, Lynne, and Bonnie, 1913. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Holden, Don, 1913. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Hurlburt, Harold, 1911. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

I-K, 1914-1915. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Includes the Ishikawa Brothers (includes a written note to Vardaman), "Jeff," "Jack," Jonny Joner, "Jimmie," The Jolly Trio, Kehoe and Kehoe, Nelle A. Kingsbury, Kimball Brothers, "W. J. Kurtis and His Performing Roosters," and The Krelles.

Physical Description

1 folder

"Karrera", circa 1881-1923. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Kunz, Edward, and Blanche, circa 1881-1923. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

L, 1881-1912. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Includes Lancanster 3, Ray Laurence, Ethel Lynton, "Lucca," "Low," "Mr. and Mrs. Chief Little Elk," Harry Le Pearl and Harry Walker, Fred Lewis and Martha Chapin, "Leta," A. La Forest, and "Les."

Physical Description

1 folder

Laughlin, Jack, and June, circa 1881-1923. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Leebold, Carolyn, 1911. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Lesso, Nellie, and Tom, 1913. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

M-N, 1908-1923. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Includes Roscoe E. Munson, Paul A. Moher, Billy Mann, Mosher McGhee, Edgar Murray and Nadia Popkova, Harry Mayville, the Marseilles, Maidge Maitland, "Martinez," Fred Mace, George R. Murphy, Edith A. Montrose, Howard Martyn and Mary Valero, Alberton Marini, Harry McHendry with Billy Green and Homer Dean, Marlo Aldo Trio, "The Musical Hunters," "Mason, Wilbur, and Jordan," Pery Marsden, Walter Mausley, Eddie Mack, Massoreey(?) and Wilson, "Mora," Mitchell Brothers, "May," "Mildred," Three Moran Sisters, 5 Melody Kings, The Mighty Atoms, "Marta, Mary and Anna, Smallest Sisters in the World," Lillian McNeill, and H.L. Norman.

Physical Description

1 folder

McLaughlin, Nettie, and Earl Flynn, 1913. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Nelson, Eva Mudge, 1911. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

O-P, 1882-1922. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Includes the Olympic Trio, "Olivotti, Moffett, and Clare," the Olympia Trio, the William O'Brien Troupe of Advanced Acrobats, Pantzer Brothers, Potts Brothers and Co., Jack Phillips and Roy Rens(?), Chas Paxton, Alton Peterson and Jim Ratchford, Annie Pickening, Morina Palmer, and "Powell and Juno."

Physical Description

1 folder

"Phasura", circa 1881-1923. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Powell, Eddie, 1910. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

R, 1905-1916. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Includes Mae Richards, Redwood and Gordon, Roberts Trio, Hayes and A. Reves, Lolita Robertson, Billie Ryan, Madeline Rowe, Sam Rowley, and Jimmy Rose.

Physical Description

1 folder

Reeder, Orville H., 1914. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Rutledge, Pliny F., and Jeanne Pickering, circa 1881-1923. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Also includes Eliza Jance.

Physical Description

1 folder

S, 1911-1921. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Includes Stross and Becker, "Smoks," Slater and Finch, Lacey Sampson and Mabel Douglas, The Surprise Girls (Jessie Franks and Ruth Addington), Stone and Hayes, 4 Sullivan Brothers, Sullivan and Meyers, and Bob Sandberg.

Physical Description

1 folder

Smith, George, 1914. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Storke, Tillie (Somers and Storke), circa 1881-1923. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"Stuart", circa 1881-1923. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

T-V, 1909-1917. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Includes "The Two Storys," Harry Tate's Company of English Comedians, George Thomas, Ella Von Kaufman, Van Houen, and "Valle, the Man Who Civilized the Accordion."

Physical Description

1 folder

"Texico", circa 1881-1923. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

W-Z, 1913-1923. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Includes Bobby Watson, Jessie Wilson, Clarence Wilbur, "Mrs. Wilsey," Al Warda, Walrod and Zell, Wolfe and Lee, Madame Hickory Wilson, Wilson and Lenore, Woods and Woods Trio, the Arthur Young Trio, and "Bobbie Zeno and 'Little' Eva Mandell."

Physical Description

1 folder

"La Belle Ziska", circa 1881-1923. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Unidentified Performers, circa 1881-1923. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

Family Portraits, 1898-1923. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Consists of individual and group portraits, many of which are mounted studio portraits, depicting Vardaman and members of his family including Arthur E. Boyle, Mary A. Boyle, Alice Manley, and others. Some individual portraits are inscribed to other family members, and there are several larger photographs of Vardaman with family members and others taken in Montana in 1898-1899.

Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

2 boxes

Family, Friends, and Travel Snapshots, circa 1898-1918. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Consists of small black-and-white photographs of family members and friends, some of which include Vardaman. Most of the photographs are uncaptioned. Many appear to have been taken in California, though some were also taken in Montana, Pennsylvania, Iowa, and at the Grand Canyon. Other shots include houses and dogs, and there are a few photographs that appear to be from travels abroad.

Physical Description

1 folder

Family, Friends, and Travel Negatives, circa 1898-1918. 1 box.
Scope and Contents

Consists of nitrate sheet film negatives.

Physical Description

1 box

Family, Friends, and Travel Wrappers for Negatives, circa 1898-1918. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Original wrappers for nitrate negatives, which include some notes.

Physical Description

1 folder

Travel Album and Postcards, circa 1910s. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Includes travel postcards from locations Vardaman visited during his travels, including various locations in the United States, Canada, England, South Africa, Spain, and American Samoa. Most are blank, though some include brief notes identifying places and dates (mainly 1913). There is also an album of photographs of buildings and cityscapes titled "Bath Views."

Physical Description

1 folder

Ships Postcards and Photographs, 1913-1915. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Consists of postcards and photographs of ships, some or all of which are ships Vardaman traveled on as a part of his international tours, including the S.S. Sonoma (1913), S.S. Eastland (1915), S.S. St. Paul, S.S. Ballarat (Sydney, Australia, to Durban, South Africa, January 10, 1914), and the S.S. Tyrone. There is also a passenger list for the S.S. Sonoma's trip for Honolulu, Pago Pago, and Sydney, departing from San Francisco on July 29, 1913, which lists a "Mr. Vardaman."

Physical Description

1 folder

Arrangement

General clippings about Vardaman are followed by clippings of reviews of his performances, arranged alphabetically by theater.

Scope and Contents

Consists of newspaper clippings about Vardaman's vaudeville career.

Physical Description

1 box

Scrapbook on Vardaman's Vaudeville Career, 1904-1906. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Newspaper Clippings about Vardaman, 1906-1913. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Newspaper Clippings by Theater: A-G, circa 1903-1920. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Newspaper Clippings by Theater: H-N, circa 1903-1920. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Newspaper Clippings by Theater: O-W, circa 1903-1920. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Arrangement

Arranged alphabetically by title.

Scope and Contents

Consists of printed, typescript, or handwritten scripts for short plays and monologues. Some are annotated.

Physical Description

1 box

"Behind a Curtain", 1892. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"The Jolly Chaperon", undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Crossed-out title: "The Girl from Boston."

Physical Description

1 folder

"Kissing", undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"Nobody's Child", undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"The Town Marshall", 1910. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Arrangement

Arranged alphabetically by title.

Scope and Contents

Consists of sheet music and lyrics for vaudeville songs performed by Vardaman, including both handwritten music and professional copies of printed sheet music, many of which are annotated with various notes and stamped "Vardaman." Many of the handwritten pieces were composed and arranged by Lynne A. Hazzard. Some sheet music is accompanied by additional typescript or handwritten lyrics on separate sheets.

Physical Description

1 box

"The Athletic Girl", undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"Au Revoir, But Not Good-bye, Soldier Boy", 1917. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"Baby Boy", 1911. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"The Bathing Girl", undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"Bathing Parade", undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"Beautiful Eggs", 1914. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"Beware of Pink Pajamas", 1916. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"Blessed is He Who is Loving and Blessed is She Who is Loved", 1915. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"Come Take a Dip in the Deep With Me", 1909. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"Driftwood", undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"Help! Help! Help! I'm Falling in Love", 1909. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"I Do Like a S'Nice S'Mince S'Pie", 1914. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"I'll Marry a Millionaire", undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"In the Land of Wedding Bells", undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"My Last Train", undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"Providing", 1914. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"San Do Meingo", undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"Snooky Ookums", 1913. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"That's the Kind of Baby for Me", undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"Things Are Getting Better Every Day", 1915. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"Tra La La La La", 1920. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"Under a Parasol", 1906. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"When She Walks Like This", 1903. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Sheet Music Covers, circa 1903-1917. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Scope and Contents

Consists of playbills for various vaudeville and other theatrical performances at theaters in the United States and England.

Arrangement

Playbills are arranged alphabetically by theater, geographical location, or topic.

Physical Description

2 boxes

Playbills: Alcazar Theatre, 1909-1927. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Playbills: California, 1901-1924. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Playbills: Hippodrome Theatre, 1918. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Playbills: London, circa 1905-1924. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Playbills: Mardonough Theatre, 1895-1906. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Playbills: Montana, 1901-1903. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Includes playbills from the Babcock Theatre, Helena Theatre, and Grand Opera House.

Physical Description

1 folder

Playbills: New York, 1909-1918. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Playbills: Orpheum Circuit, 1913-1918. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Playbills: Other United States, 1892-1914. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Playbills: Tivoli Opera House, circa 1895-1911. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Playbills: Vardaman, circa 1903-1925. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Playbills: Ye Liberty Playhouse, circa 1910-1918. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Scope and Contents

Consists of theater souvenir books and related materials. The Julian Eltinge materials also include photographs and a copy of the "Julian Eltinge Magazine."

Arrangement

Arranged alphabetically.

Physical Description

1 box

"Cu Chin Chow: A Musical Tale of the East", undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"Edna May in the Girl from Up There", 1901. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"The Garden of Allah", 1911. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"Julia Marlowe and Her Impersonations Reviewed by Eminent Critics", undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Julian Eltinge Materials, 1917. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Consists of a playbill for Julian Eltinge in "Cousin Lucy," two photographs of Eltinge (one in costume and one in street clothes), and "Julian Eltinge Magazine and Beauty Hints: The Fascinating Widow."

Physical Description

1 folder

Unidentified Cowboy Scenes, undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Concert and Opera Programs, 1915-1920. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Consists of programs for various orchestra concerts and operas. Also includes a printed description of the opera Andrea Chenier, a copy of the libretto for Madame Butterfly, and a copy of The Little Theatre Magazine (June 1917).

Physical Description

1 folder

Print, Suggest