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Paul D. Tillett, Jr. Papers

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Held at: Princeton University Library: Public Policy Papers [Contact Us]

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the Princeton University Library: Public Policy Papers. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Overview and metadata sections

Tillett, Paul

The life of Paul Dexter Tillett, Jr. (1923-1966) began on July 13 in Greensboro, North Carolina. His father, a salesman, and mother, a homemaker, later relocated the family to Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. He attended Wesleyan University (Class of 1944) where he received an A.B. with high honors and was elected Phi Beta Kappa. After graduation, Tillett interned as an Information Specialist for the Presidentʼns Committee on Fair Employment Practice. He left Washington and earned a J.D. from the University of Chicago Law School in 1949. The following year, Tillett served as a research assistant in the Law College, University of Nebraska. In 1950, he became a research assistant in the Department of Politics at Princeton University. He applied and was admitted to the graduate program at Princeton University, where he obtained an M.A. and Ph.D. in political science in 1953 and 1957 respectively. While at Princeton, he received a Woodrow Wilson Fellowship for the 1952-1953 academic year and served as an instructor in the Political Science Department.

In 1957, Tillett was appointed to the teaching faculty of Douglass College, Rutgers University, where he also served as the Assistant Director of its Eagleton Institute of Politics. While at Eagleton, he edited a series of case studies in practical politics designed to bring actual political situations into the classroom. He received wide acclaim in 1965 for his five month television course entitled "A New Birth of Freedom: Civil Rights and Civil Liberties," a part of WCBS televisionʼns Sunrise Semester program.

Tillett received a grant from the Louis Rabinowitz Foundation in 1961 to study the social costs of the loyalty investigations. In the course of conducting the study, he sought out people who had, in one way or the other, been involved with the anti-Communist frenzy of the 1950s. Among those he contacted was Herbert Aptheker of the American Institute for Marxist Studies. This association raised the suspicion of the F.B.I. which began to investigate Tillett in 1965. After discussing the study with Tillett and his colleagues, the F.B.I. concluded that Apethekerʼns role was purely academic.

On the morning of September 26, 1966, Paul D. Tillett, Jr. suffered a fatal heart attack. He left behind a wife and three children.

The papers of Paul D. Tillett, Jr. largely relate to his study, "The Social Costs of the Loyalty Programs." The most significant part of this collection is the responses to questionnaires Tillett sent to academic professionals and a few federal employees in 1964, who were adversely affected by official inquiries into Communist activities during the 1950s. The questionnaire was designed to evaluate the long-term financial and psychological consequences of the anti-Communist crusade. Also included are interviews with several people including Professor Horace David and Herman Orentlicher of the American Association of University Professors. The rest of the material in the collection is largely correspondence, notes, articles, press releases and case studies. Tillett relied heavily upon the ACLU Archives for much of his research. Because the ACLU Archives are housed at Princeton, photoduplicates from that collection have been discarded.

The material is arranged in accordance with an outline of the study that came with the papers followed by correspondence, other articles written by Tillett, and his F.B.I. file.

Mrs. Virginia Wilson, Tillett's widow, donated the papers of Paul D. Tillett, Jr. in 1978 and his F.B.I file in 1979.

For preservation reasons, original analog and digital media may not be read or played back in the reading room. Users may visually inspect physical media but may not remove it from its enclosure. All analog audiovisual media must be digitized to preservation-quality standards prior to use. Audiovisual digitization requests are processed by an approved third-party vendor. Please note, the transfer time required can be as little as several weeks to as long as several months and there may be financial costs associated with the process. Requests should be directed through the Ask Us Form.

This collection was processed by Kristine Marconi with the assistance of Natasha Ermolaev. Finding aid written by Kristine Marconi with the assistance of Natasha Ermolaev.

Because ACLU records are held at Princeton, photoduplications of ACLU materials were separated from this collection and destroyed. There is no indication that any other materials were separated from the collection.

Publisher
Public Policy Papers
Finding Aid Author
Kristine Marconi; Natasha Ermolaev
Finding Aid Date
1999
Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research use.

Use Restrictions

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Collection Inventory

Preliminary Draft: Correspondence and Notes, 1964-1966. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Preliminary Draft, 1964. 1 folder.
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1 folder

General Concept: The Concept of Social Costs, 1954-1963. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Materials Viewable Online
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General Concept: Social Costs of Loyalty, 1962-1966. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

General Concept: General Statement on Costs, 1960-1965. 1 folder.
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1 folder

General Concept: Appropriations for Loyalty-Security Probes, 1956-1961. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Materials Viewable Online
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Impact on Government: Passports, Communist Control Act, 1954-1968. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Impact on Government: State Department, 1962-1965. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Impact on Government: Voice of America (McCarthy), 1962. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Impact on Government: Foreign Service Interviews, 1962. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Impact on Government: Loyalty Security, circa 1962. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Impact on Government: Correspondence, Notes, etc, 1962. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Impact on Government: Security Risks-Army, Navy, Air Force [Pentagon], 1962. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Psychological Impact: Notes, 1953-1962. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Political Effects: Theory of Anti-Communism, undated. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Materials Viewable Online
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Political Effects: Impact on Liberal Organizations, 1962. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Political Effects: Social Costs on Foundations, 1952-1964. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Political Effects: Un-American Activities Committee, 1959-1962. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Political Effects: Operation Abolition, 1960. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Political Effects: HUAC, 1966. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Political Effects: Rightist Groups, 1961-1962. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Individual Cases: Lattimore, Owen, 1953. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Individual Cases: Taylor, William Henry, United Nations, 1953. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Academic: NDEA Disclaimer Oath, 1960-1964. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Academic: Universities, 1958-1963. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Academic: State University of New York at Buffalo, 1964. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Academic: Student Groups, 1965. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Academic: Biographies, 1965. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Academic: Teacher Lists, 1964. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Academic: Loyalty Oath Case Studies, circa 1961-1963. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Science: Industrial Security, 1955. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Science: Miscellaneous, 1953-1963. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Science: McCarthy-Fort Monmouth, 1953-1955. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Science: Fort Monmouth-II [1 of 2], 1953-1954. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Science: Fort Monmouth-II [2 of 2], 1953-1962. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Impact on Culture: Censorship-TV and Radio, 1963-1964. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Data: Former Communists-Questionnaires, 1964. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Materials Viewable Online
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Data: Sacks, I. Milton, 1962. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Data: Teacher Responses to Questionnaires, 1965. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Materials Viewable Online
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Physical Description

1 box

Materials Viewable Online
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Anonymous, dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Gerber, Serrill Leonard, dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Haas, Solomon, dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Hale, Anne Jr., dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Jackson, Eugene, dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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1 box

Materials Viewable Online
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Lishinsky, Estelle Naomi (Mrs.), dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Lowenfels, Lillian (Mrs.), dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Lowenstein, Robert (Dr.), dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Relin, Louis, dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Weitzman, Max, dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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1 box

Bradley, Lyman R., dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Brown, Gerald (Jerry), dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Bunge, William, dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Burgum, Edward B. (Edwin-Berry), dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Castellanos, Jane Robinson (Mrs.), dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Cazden, Norman, dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Cohen, Louis, dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Davis, Arthur K., dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Dunham, Barows, dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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1 box

Finley, Moses J., dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Foner, Philip S. (Dr.), dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Frauenglass, William, dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Graze, Cyril, dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Heimlich, Simon W., dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Hodes, Robert (Dr), dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Huruich, Leo M., dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Jennings, Francis P. (Mr.), dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Kamin, Leon Judah, dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Lomanitz, Giovanni Rossi, dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Lumer, Hyman, dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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1 box

Marsak, Leonard, dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Margolis, Nathan Walter, dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

McGill, V. (Vivian) Jerauld, dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

McGrath, Thomas Matthew, dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Melner, Rebecca L (Bea), dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Metcalf, Robert, dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Niebyl, Karl (Dr.), dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Northwood, Blance (Wang), dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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1 box

Oppenheimer, Frank Friedman, dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Phillips, Herbert J., dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Reichard, Richard W (Dr.), dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Reiss, Bernard A., dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Reynolds, John Henry, dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Rosen, Nathan, dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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1 box

Schappes, Morris Urman, dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Selsam, Howard (Dr.), dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Shaftel, Oscar H., dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Singer, Marcus, dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Slochoner, Harry, dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Smith, Edwin S., dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Starbuck, George E., dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Stein, Irving, dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Steinmetz, Harry C., dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Struik, Dirk Jung, dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

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1 box

Tandy, W. Lou, dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Wiggins, Forrest Oran, dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Zilsel, Paul R. (Dr.), dates not examined. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Data: Inapplicable Responses to Questionnaires, 1965. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Data: Interviews, 1962. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Data: Questionnaires-Federal Employees, 1965-1966. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Data: Questionnaire-Blacklisted, 1965. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Data: Senate Files [1 of 2], 1965. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Data: Senate Files [2 of 2], 1965. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Data: Government Security-Numbers Game, 1953-1963. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Data: Miscellaneous, 1966. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Correspondence: A-D, 1961-1965. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Correspondence: E-J, 1961-1965. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Correspondence: K-L, 1961-1966. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Correspondence: M-P, 1960-1965. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Correspondence: R - Z, 1960-1966. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Social Costs: Miscelleneous, 1957-1965. 1 folder.
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1 folder

Social Costs: Miscellaneous-Notes, etc, 1952-1965. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Tillet Jr., Paul D: Research Papers, undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Tillet Jr., Paul D: F.B.I. File, 1965. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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