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Maurice Pate Papers

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Held at: Princeton University Library: Public Policy Papers [Contact Us]

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the Princeton University Library: Public Policy Papers. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Overview and metadata sections

Pate, Maurice, 1894-

Maurice Pate (1894-1965) was an international civil servant who devoted his career to improving the welfare of children. He was involved in a variety of relief efforts during both world wars and their immediate aftermaths, and was the first Executive Director of UNICEF.

Pate was born on October 14, 1894, in Pender, Nebraska to Richard E. and Rachel Davis Pate. When he was three, his family moved to Denver, Colorado. Pate was the eldest of seven children, three of whom died during infancy. Pate entered Princeton University in 1911 and graduated with a B.S. in 1915. Pate married Jadwiga Monkowska of Poland in 1927. They divorced ten years later after she was unable to acclimate to living in the United States. Pate married Martha B. Lucas, an educator, on October 31, 1961. He had no children.

Immediately after his graduation from Princeton University, Pate obtained employment at the First National Bank in Hartley, Iowa, where his uncle was president. He remained there for a short time before World War I inspired him to volunteer to work with Herbert Hoover's Commission for Relief in Belgium in 1916. Pate worked as a field representative in the county of Tournai, overseeing the distribution of food to Belgians. Pate became close friends with Herbert Hoover and collaborated with him on relief works throughout the rest of his career. After the United States declared war, Pate joined the U.S. Army. He served in France from 1917 to 1919, first with the 29th Engineers and later with the 74th Engineers. He was promoted to the rank of Master Engineer, Senior Grade, in December 1917 and obtained the rank of Second Lieutenant of Engineers in November 1918.

In 1919, after his service in the Army was completed, Pate returned to work for Hoover's Commission in Poland, which was by then named the American Relief Administration. Pate, as Assistant to the Director of the American Relief Administration in Poland, coordinated efforts to provide food and other aid to 1.3 million children. In 1920, after Pate made an initial survey of conditions in Russia, the Administration began food relief operations for millions of Russians as well. Pate remained with the American Relief Administration until its operations ended in 1922.

Pate remained in Poland, working as assistant to the Warsaw manager of the Polish subsidiary of the Standard Oil Company of New Jersey from 1922 to 1927. Pate then operated his own import business in Poland and served as the Warsaw representative of two American banks and one English bank. He returned to the United States in 1935, working in New York as an investment banker and serving as the director of several machine-tool and natural gas firms until 1939.

After Germany's invasion of Poland, Pate returned to relief work, serving as President of the Commission for Polish Relief from 1939 to 1941. The Commission, in which Herbert Hoover was very active, was a privately operated organization that coordinated the purchasing and shipment of supplies to the Polish people. Once the United States entered the war, Pate became Director of Relief to American and Allied Prisoners of War for the American Red Cross. He served in this capacity from 1942 to 1946, coordinating the shipment of $170 million of relief supplies, including food, clothing and medicine, to prisoners of war in Europe and the Far East. In 1946, Pate was selected to be part of Herbert Hoover's World Food Survey, a mission given to Hoover by President Harry S. Truman to organize the means to alleviate worldwide famine conditions. The group visited many countries, and Pate's role was to assess the relief needs of children. The work of the survey and Hoover's subsequent recommendations to Truman led to the United States sponsorship of the United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF).

UNICEF was established on December 11, 1946 by the United Nations General Assembly as a three year operation to provide emergency food and supplies to children in countries devastated by the war, primarily in Europe. Pate was selected as the first executive director in 1947. UNICEF provided aid to children based solely on their need, regardless of their nationality, using funds voluntarily contributed by governments, organizations, and individuals. After the three year term was completed, UNICEF was renewed for another three years to help governments in developing countries establish programs to provide basic protection from disease and malnutrition to children and their mothers, addressing the chronically poor conditions for children in those nations. In 1953, UNICEF was established as a permanent organization to continue with its work in aiding governments in establishing health, medical, and educational programs for their nations' children. They also continue to provide emergency aid supplies during crises. At this time, the name was shortened to the United Nations Children's Fund, although the acronym UNICEF was retained. It has become one of the most internationally recognized, and least controversial, of the United Nations' programs.

Pate oversaw the growth and changing mission of UNICEF, remaining its executive director until his death in 1965. He visited nearly all of the 133 countries where UNICEF operated during his tenure as executive director, assessing the needs of children and the existing programs, negotiating with governments, and fundraising. While he was executive director, the number of governments contributing funds to UNICEF grew from 35 in 1951 to 118 in 1965.

Pate received decorations throughout his life for his humanitarian aid work, including awards from the governments of Belgium, Ecuador, France, the Netherlands, and Poland. He received an honorary degree from Denison University in 1956 and Princeton University in 1958. Pate was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize but declined to be considered, insisting that it was the organization of UNICEF, not any one individual, that improved the welfare of the world's children. Pate died on January 19, 1965, at the age of 70. UNICEF was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in October 1965.

Pate's papers document his career as a humanitarian and include correspondence, reports, Pate's notes and writings, publications, and photographs, as well as biographical materials and Pate's personal correspondence. The materials pertain to his work during World War I with the Commission for Relief in Belgium, during World War II with the Red Cross Prisoner of War Relief and in Poland, with the Hoover World Food Survey Mission, and with UNICEF.

Please see the series descriptions in the contents list for additional information about individual series.

The Papers have been arranged in three series:

The following sources were consulted during the preparation of the biographical note: Fifty Year Record, Princeton University Class of 1915. Princeton University Press, 1965. Materials from Series 1: Personal Papers; Maurice Pate Papers; Public Policy Papers, Special Collections, Princeton University Library. "Maurice Pate of UNICEF Dead; Helped World's Needy Children." The New York Times, January 20, 1965. "Profiles: At the Heart of UNICEF," Joseph Wechsberg. The New Yorker, December 2, 1961.

This collection was donated by Martha Lucas Pate, wife of Maurice Pate, in June 1980.

For preservation reasons, original analog and digital media may not be read or played back in the reading room. Users may visually inspect physical media but may not remove it from its enclosure. All analog audiovisual media must be digitized to preservation-quality standards prior to use. Audiovisual digitization requests are processed by an approved third-party vendor. Please note, the transfer time required can be as little as several weeks to as long as several months and there may be financial costs associated with the process. Requests should be directed through the Ask Us Form.

This collection was processed by Adriane Hanson and Christopher Shannon in 2006. Finding aid written by Adriane Hanson in January 2007.

Duplicate materials and Princeton University publications have been separated from this collection.

Publisher
Public Policy Papers
Finding Aid Author
Adriane Hanson
Finding Aid Date
2007
Sponsor
These papers were processed with the generous support of the National Historical Publications and Records Commission and the John Foster and Janet Avery Dulles Fund.
Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research use.

Use Restrictions

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Collection Inventory

Scope and Contents

The Personal Papers series contains biographical information about Pate, including awards, clippings, memorials, photographs, and correspondence. The correspondence includes letters between Pate and friends, family and business associates, and discusses his travels, invitations to events, investments, and fundraising. The series also includes materials related to the Princeton University Class of 1915, and a small number of papers of his wife, Martha Lucas Pate, his father, and his grandfather.

Arrangement

Arranged alphabetically by document type or subject.

Physical Description

11 boxes

Physical Description

1 box

Albert Lasker Award, 1959. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Charles Evans Hughes Award, 1965. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Denison University, Honorary Doctor of Human Letters, 1956. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

International Union for Child Welfare, 1964-1965. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Princeton Class of 1915 Merit Cup, 1950, 1915. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Princeton University, Honorary Doctor of Philanthropy, 1957-1958. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Reconaaissance Français Nomination, 1919. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

1 box

Biographical Sketches, 1949-1964. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Clippings and Articles, 1950-1965. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Last Will and Testament, 1963. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Memorabilia, 1919-1965. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Memory Book by Princeton University Class of, 1915. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

2 boxes

Address Book, undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Business Cards, undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Lists, 1949-1958. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Rolodex, undated. 3 folders.
Physical Description

3 folders

Physical Description

5 boxes

1948-1960, 1948-1960. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

A, 1948-1964. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Bohmer, Charles, 1915-1917. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

B, 1948-1964. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Centerville Beach Club, 1948-1964. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

C, 1948-1964. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

D, 1949-1963. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

E, 1949-1963. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Family, 1919. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Father, Richard E. Pate, 1933-1935. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

F, 1949-1964. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

G, 1949-1957. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Hoover, Herbert, 1940-1965. 3 folders.
Physical Description

3 folders

Hoover, Hoover, Regarding UNICEF, 1938-1964. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Hull, Cordell, 1941. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

H, 1949-1964. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

I, 1949-1964. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

J, 1949-1964. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Katzin, Alfred G, 1949-1965. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

K, 1948-1964. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

L, 1948-1964. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

M, 1948-1965. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

N, 1948-1964. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

O, 1947-1965. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Poland, 1948-1964. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

P, 1948-1965. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Q, 1956-1958. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

R, 1948-1964. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

S, 1943-1964. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

T, 1949-1964. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

U, 1949-1963. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

V, 1948-1962. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

W, 1946-1964. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Y-Z, 1950-1965. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Unidentified, 1916. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

East Side High School Annual, 1911. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

1 box

Martha Lucas Pate, 1948-1977. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Pate Family, 1904-1961. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

4 boxes

Calling Cards, undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

3 boxes

A, 1965. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

B, 1965. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

C-D, 1965. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

E-G, 1965. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

H-J, 1965. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

K-M, 1965. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

N-Q, 1965. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

R-S, 1965. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

T-V, 1965. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

W-Z, 1965. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Princeton Classmates, 1965. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Sent to UNICEF, 1965. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

With Biographical Information, 1965. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Worldwide, 1965. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Condolences and Clippings, 1965. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

1 box

Audio Recording, 1965. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Service, 1965. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

UN and UNICEF Tributes, 1965. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Military Papers, 1918-1924. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

1 box

Pate, 1947. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Pate with Children, 1954. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Pate with Others, undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Photocopies, 1947-1961. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Photographs of Other People, 1946-1962. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

3 boxes

Alumni Memorabilia, 1935-1960. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"As We Turn Our Memories Back", 1963-1966. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Class Notes, 1913. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

Correspondence, 1911-1965. 4 folders.
Physical Description

4 folders

Expense Books, 1917. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"The Gargoyle Herald", 1915-1922. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Memorabilia, 1911-1915. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Memory Book Correspondence, 1967-1969. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Photographs, 1958. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

25th Reunion, 1939. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Scope and Contents

The Humanitarian Work series documents Pate's involvement with several relief organizations, including the American Red Cross Prisoner of War Relief, Commission for Relief in Belgium (CRB), Herbert Hoover World Food Survey Mission, American Relief Administration in Poland (ARA), Commission for Polish Relief (CPR), and UNICEF. The papers include correspondence, reports, Pate's notes and writings, publications, and photographs. The series also includes a small amount of material documenting Pate's years as a businessman in Poland.

See also Series 3: Oversized Materials.

Arrangement

Arranged alphabetically by association or country.

Physical Description

8 boxes

Physical Description

2 boxes

Awards and Citations, 1945-1946. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Clippings and Press Releases, 1944-1946. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Conversion Charts, undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Correspondence, 1942-1947. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Photograph Album, 1945. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Photographs, 1945. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

Prisoners of War Bulletin, 1943-1945. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Publications, 1945-1947. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Red Cross News, 1943-1945. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Reports and Manuscripts, 1944-1948. 3 folders.
Physical Description

3 folders

Thank You Letters, 1943-1946. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

1 box

Belgian League of Honor, 1936-1938. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Clippings, 1919. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Correspondence, 1916-1926. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Diary, 1916-1917. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Educational Foundation, 1935-1938. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Journal, 1916-1917. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Member Directory, 1939. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Paper on the Withdrawal of the CRB from Belgium, 1917. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Personal Documents and Ephemera, 1916-1922. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Photographs, undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Publications, 1916-1920. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Reports, 1917. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Typical Day for a CRB Delegate, 1916. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

2 boxes

Correspondence, 1946. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Foreign Newspapers, 1948. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Mason, Frank E. and Julius Correspondence, 1946. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Notes on Trip with Hoover Mission, 1946. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Photograph Album, 1946. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

1 box

Belgium, undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Egypt, undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Thailand (Siam), undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Unlabeled, undated. 6 folders.
Physical Description

6 folders

Reports, 1946. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Materials Viewable Online
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Physical Description

4 boxes

Physical Description

2 boxes

"ARA Association Review", 1936-1946. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Bulletins, 1922-1923. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Materials Viewable Online
  1. View digital content
Clippings, 1917-1920. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Materials Viewable Online
  1. View digital content
Correspondence, 1919-1940. 5 folders.
Physical Description

5 folders

Materials Viewable Online
  1. View digital content
Honors and Citations, 1919-1922. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

International Trade Notes, undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Meeting Minutes, 1939-1940. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Memorabilia, 1921-1925. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Photographs, 1912-1925. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Materials Viewable Online
  1. View digital content
Polish Language Lessons, undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Publications, 1919-1925. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Materials Viewable Online
  1. View digital content
Reports and Articles, 1919-1922. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Materials Viewable Online
  1. View digital content
Report on Travel into USSR, 1932. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Zhamiecki, Alexander Article, 1954. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Business Interests, 1921-1942. 7 folders.
Physical Description

7 folders

Concern and Involvement, 1916-1936. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

Physical Description

2 boxes

Address Book, 1939-1945. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Articles and Writings, 1941. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Correspondence, 1936-1947. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Financial, 1940-1942. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Meeting Minutes, 1942. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Memoranda and Contacts, 1941. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Paderwieski, I. J, 1941. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Photographs, 1940. 3 folders.
Physical Description

3 folders

Thank You Notes, 1945-1946. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

2 boxes

Clippings, 1961-1966. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

1 box

1940-1964, 1940-1964. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Davidson, Al, 1947. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Desk Calendar, 1962. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Executive Board, 1959-1965. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

New Yorker Profile of Pate, 1961. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Nobel Peace Prize, 1965-1966. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Pate, Martha Trip to Russia, 1961. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Photograph Album, undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Publications, 1946-1965. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Rajchman, Ludwig Correspondence, 1947. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Reports and Reference, 1941-1965. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Sample of Pate's Work, 1953-1954. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Writings about Pate and UNICEF, 1955-1966. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"UNICEF Staff News", 1956-1959. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Scope and Contents

The Oversized Materials series is largely composed of scrapbooks documenting Pate's humanitarian work, including in Poland and with the Red Cross during World War II, the Hoover Food Survey Mission, and UNICEF. The series also includes memorabilia from Pate's work with the Commission for Relief in Belgium, awards certificates, and a panoramic photograph of the Class of 1915 twentieth reunion.

Arrangement

Arranged by size and then alphabetically.

Physical Description

6 boxes

Commission for Polish Relief (CPR) Scrapbook, 1937-1940. 1 box.
Physical Description

1 box

Hoover Food Survey Mission Scrapbook, 1946. 1 box.
Physical Description

1 box

Hoover Food Survey Mission Scrapbook, 1946. 1 box.
Physical Description

1 box

Hoover, Herbert Scrapbook, 1947-1955. 1 box.
Physical Description

1 box

Poland Scrapbook, 1940-1946. 1 box.
Physical Description

1 box

Red Cross Scrapbook, 1942-1945. 1 box.
Physical Description

1 box

UNICEF Beginnings Scrapbook, 1946-1951. 1 box.
Physical Description

1 box

UNICEF Scrapbook, 1952-1954. 1 box.
Physical Description

1 box

Awards, 1918-1959. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Commission for Relief in Belgium (CRB) Memorabilia, 1916-1917. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Princeton Class of 1915 20th Reunion Panoramic Photograph, 1935, 1915. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Print, Suggest