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Princeton University Library Collection of F. Jay Haynes Photographs

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Held at: Princeton University Library: Manuscripts Division [Contact Us]

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the Princeton University Library: Manuscripts Division. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Overview and metadata sections

Haynes, F. Jay (Frank Jay), 1853-1921

F. Jay Haynes (1853-1921) was a professional photographer who documented the settlement and expansion of the American Northwest during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Based in Minnesota and North Dakota, Haynes served as the official photographer for Northern Pacific Railway and Yellowstone National Park. Haynes first visited Yellowstone in 1881 and, a few years later in 1884, obtained permission to operate a photography studio there. He served as Yellowstone's official photographer from 1884 until 1920 when he was succeeded by his son, Jack Ellis Haynes (1884-1962).

The collection consists of photographs taken by F. Jay Haynes, assembled from various sources. A photograph album consists of 48 albumen prints of various Yellowstone National Park sites, including the first winter photographs of Yellowstone, which Haynes took in 1887, along with some scenes along the Columbia River in Oregon, and other photographs. There is also an 1886 album containing an additional 15 albumen prints of sites in Yellowstone. Stereographs from the late 1870s through the 1880s include views of Yellowstone National Park, the route of the Northern Pacific Railway, and wheat farmers in the Dakota Territory. There are also photographs from the opening of the Northern Pacific Railroad in 1883 which include images of a Crow delegation who attended the opening activities.

Materials are arranged in the order in which they were accessioned.

This is an open collection assembled from multiple purchases, 2014-2021.

For preservation reasons, original analog and digital media may not be read or played back in the reading room. Users may visually inspect physical media but may not remove it from its enclosure. All analog audiovisual media must be digitized to preservation-quality standards prior to use. Audiovisual digitization requests are processed by an approved third-party vendor. Please note, the transfer time required can be as little as several weeks to as long as several months and there may be financial costs associated with the process. Requests should be directed through the Ask Us Form.

This collection was processed by Faith Charlton in September 2014. Finding aid written by Faith Charlton in September 2014. Finding aid updated with new materials by Kelly Bolding in February 2017, July 2019, and December 2021.

No materials were separated during 2014-2021 processing.

Publisher
Manuscripts Division
Finding Aid Author
Faith Charlton; Kelly Bolding
Finding Aid Date
2014
Access Restrictions

The collection is open for research.

Use Restrictions

Single copies may be made for research purposes. To cite or publish quotations that fall within Fair Use, as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission is required. For instances beyond Fair Use, it is the responsibility of the researcher to determine whether any permissions related to copyright, privacy, publicity, or any other rights are necessary for their intended use of the Library's materials, and to obtain all required permissions from any existing rights holders, if they have not already done so. Princeton University Library's Special Collections does not charge any permission or use fees for the publication of images of materials from our collections, nor does it require researchers to obtain its permission for said use. The department does request that its collections be properly cited and images credited. More detailed information can be found on the Copyright, Credit and Citations Guidelines page on our website. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact us through the Ask Us! form.

Collection Inventory

"Columbia River; Yellowstone Park" Photograph Album, 1880s. 1 box.
Scope and Contents

Haynes' album consists of 48 albumen prints (approximately 6" x 8" inches) of various Yellowstone National Park sites, including the first winter photographs of Yellowstone, which Haynes took during a daring expedition in 1887. A few of the photographs include people, such as one entitled, "Our Sketch Artist," which depicts a heavily bundled photographer and artist Henry Bosse who accompanied Haynes on the expedition. The album also includes a series of photographs of scenes along the Columbia River in Oregon. The last photograph, presumably relating to Haynes' position as Northern Pacific Railway's official photographer, shows a train crossing the Bismarck Bridge over the Missouri River.

All of the photographs are captioned; many display the negative titles and numbers.

The following is a list of photographs that are included in the album:

Bee Hive Geyser in Action, Y.P. (i.e. Yellowstone Park)

Bismarck Bridge, Missouri River.

Castle Geyser in Action, Y.P.

Castle Geyser, Y.P.

Cone of the Tyrian or Sponge

Crater of Giant, Y.P.

Crater of the Giantess, Y.P.

Devil's Well and Castle Y.P.

Giant Geyser Cone, Y.P.

Giant Geyser, Y.P.

Gibbon Falls, 84 Feet, Y.P.

Grand Canyon From the Brink, Y.P.

Grand Geyser, Y.P.

Great Falls From Point Lookout, Y.P.

Grotto Geyser Cone, Y.P.

Hayden Valley Between Lake and Falls, Y.P.

Hell's Half Acre, Prismatic Spring, Y.P.

Interior Tunnel No. 1, O.R. & N. Ry.

Jupiter's Terrace, Y.P.

Liberty Cap, National Hotel and Valley, Y.P.

Lone Star Geyser Cone, Y.P.

Lone Star Geyser Y.P.

Lower Cascades, Columbia River

Minerva Terrace Mammoth Hot Springs, Y.P.

Minute Geyser, Norris' Basin

Mount Hood, Oregon, 11,225 Elevation

Multmomah Falls

Norris' Geyser Basin, Y.P.

Obsidian Cliff From Beaver Lake, Y.P.

Old Faithful Geyser, Y.P.

Old Faithful, Y.P.

On Fire Hold River Y.P.

Oneonta Gorge. From the Rail Road, Near Columbia River

Our Sketch Artist, Norris Basin Y.P.

Palisades, Columbia River

Point Lookout, Grand Canyon Y.P.

Portland, Oregon

Prismatic Springs, Y.P.

Pulpit Terrace Mammoth Hot Springs, Y.P.

Salmon Fishing, Columbia River

Salmon Wheel, Columbia River

The Paint Pot, Instantaneous, Y.P.

The Pillars of Hercules, Columbia River

Tower Falls 110 Feet, Y.P.

Trees Near the Giantess, Y.P.

Upper Geyser Basin, Y.P.

Wall Canyon or Basaltic Cliff, Y.P.

Physical Description

1 box

Physical Description

1 box

Liberty Cap and Hotel, 1880s. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

No. 4503.

Physical Description

1 folder

Minerva Terrace, 1880s. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

No. 4507.

Physical Description

1 folder

Cleopatra Terrace, 1880s. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

No. 4511.

Physical Description

1 folder

Fort Yellowstone, 1880s. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

No. 4517.

Physical Description

1 folder

Pulpit Terrace, 1880s. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

No. 4519.

Physical Description

1 folder

Golden Gate and Pillar, 1880s. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

No. 4525.

Physical Description

1 folder

Obsidian Cliff from Beaver Lake, 1880s. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

No. 4530.

Physical Description

1 folder

The New Crater, Norris Basin, 1880s. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

No. 4537.

Physical Description

1 folder

The Virginia Cascades, 1880s. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

No. 4539.

Physical Description

1 folder

Falls of the Gibbon, 84 Feet, 1880s. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

No. 4543.

Physical Description

1 folder

The Mammoth Paint Pots, 1880s. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

No. 4549.

Physical Description

1 folder

Riverside Geyser in Action, 1880s. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

No. 4557.

Physical Description

1 folder

Grotto Geyser Formation, 1880s. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

No. 4559.

Physical Description

1 folder

Giant Geyser Cone, 1880s. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

No. 4561.

Physical Description

1 folder

Giant Geyser, Bryant Profile, 1880s. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

No. 4563.

Physical Description

1 folder

Splendid Geyser Indicator, 1880s. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

No. 4566.

Physical Description

1 folder

The Punch Bowl, 1880s. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

No. 4569.

Physical Description

1 folder

Castle Geyser in Action, 1880s. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

No. 4572.

Physical Description

1 folder

Crater of the Grand Geyser, 1880s. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

No. 4576.

Physical Description

1 folder

The Sponge Geyser in Action, 1880s. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

No. 4578.

Physical Description

1 folder

Bee Hive Geyser in Action, 1880s. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

No. 4581.

Physical Description

1 folder

Crater of Old Faithful Geyser, 1880s. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

No. 4582.

Physical Description

1 folder

Old Faithful Geyser in Action, 1880s. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

No. 4587.

Physical Description

1 folder

The Grand Teton, 1880s. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

No. 4595.

Physical Description

1 folder

Hot Spring Cone, Yellowstone L, 1880s. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

No. 4596.

Physical Description

1 folder

Hayden Valley, 1880s. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

No. 4601.

Physical Description

1 folder

Rapids above the Upper Falls, 1880s. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

No. 4604.

Physical Description

1 folder

Glimpse of the Upper Falls, 1880s. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

No. 4606.

Physical Description

1 folder

Grand Canyon from the Brink, 1880s. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

No. 4607.

Physical Description

1 folder

Point Lookout and Great Falls, 1880s. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

No. 4611.

Physical Description

1 folder

Canyon from Inspiration Point, 1880s. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

No. 4617.

Physical Description

1 folder

Petrified Tree, Specimen Mt., 1880s. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

No. 4621.

Physical Description

1 folder

Great Falls of Yellowstone, 1880s. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

No. 4626.

Physical Description

1 folder

Canyon from Grand View, 1880s. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

No. 4627.

Physical Description

1 folder

Economic Geyser, 1880s. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

No. 4641.

Physical Description

1 folder

In Golden Gate Canyon, 1880s. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

No. 4646.

Physical Description

1 folder

Scope and Contents

Views of farm workers plowing, seeding, and harvesting, including at Dalrymple Farm, 20 miles west of Fargo, North Dakota, and Grandin Farm, 30 miles north of Moorhead, Minnesota, along the Red River.

Physical Description

1 box

Seeding, circa 1877. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

No. 303. Two copies of the same photograph.

Physical Description

1 folder

Breaking, circa 1877. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

No. 315.

Physical Description

1 folder

A Self-Binder in the Harvest Field, circa 1877. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

No. 306.

Physical Description

1 folder

Plow Gang Grandin Farm, circa 1877. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

No. 441.

Physical Description

1 folder

Harvesting, Dalrymple Farm, 1877. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

No. 147.

Physical Description

1 folder

Harvest, Grandin, 1877. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

No. 140 or 150.

Physical Description

1 folder

Dakota Wheat Farming, circa 1877. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Two uncaptioned photographs. One is numbered: No. 171.

Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

1 box

Ft. Totten, Devils Lake and Vicinity, circa 1877-1880s. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

No. 974.

Physical Description

1 folder

Mouth of the Crater, Badlands, circa 1877-1880s. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

No. 575.

Physical Description

1 folder

Upper Falls of the Yellowstone, circa 1877-1880s. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

No. 1273.

Physical Description

1 folder

Calcified Hot Spring and Liberty Cap and Lodge, Yellowstone, circa 1877-1880s. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Two uncaptioned views of Yellowstone Park.

Physical Description

1 folder

"Yellowstone National Park" Photograph Album, 1886. 1 box.
Scope and Contents

Consists an album containing 15 original photographs of Yellowstone National Park. Each of the photographs are 6.5 x 8.5 inches and are affixed directly to heavy card mounts in an original pebbled cloth portfolio. All of the images are captioned with the location and the title of the series, "Scenery of the Yellowstone National Park."

The following is a list of photographs that are included in the album:

"Upper Falls of the Yellowstone"

"Obsidian Cliff"

"Hell's Half Acre"

"Multnomah Falls 824 Ft."

"Crater of the Giantess"

"Castle Geyser"

"Golden Gate"

"Great Falls of the Yellowstone, 360 Ft."

"East Entrance of the Golden Gate"

"Hotel Valley, Minerva Terrace"

"Old Faithful Geyser"

"Minute Geyser, Norris Basin"

"Riverside Geyser"

"Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone"

"Lion Geyser from the Castle"

Physical Description

1 box

Northern Pacific Railroad Opening and Montana Press Association Photographs, 1883-1886. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Consists of eleven photographs from western Montana, mostly related to the opening of the Northern Pacific Railroad in 1883. There are eight views from Haynes's series, "The Villard Gold Spike Excursion, Opening of the Northern Pacific Railroad, September 8, 1883." Two of these photographs show a delegation of Crow people who attended the opening activities. Images from this series include those captioned: "1541 5th Infantry Band at Last Spike"; "1542 Iron Car-horse, 'Nig,' and Tracklayers"; "1543 Independence Creek Valley, Last Spike"; "1544 During the Oration at Last Spike"; "1547 Indian Council at Last Spike"; "1548 Crow Indians at Last Spike"; "1549 First Train over the Last Spike"; and "1550 Group of Section Four at Last Spike." One has the names "Mr. & Mrs. J.H. Mills" written on the back.

There are also two uncaptioned photographs of Northern Pacific trains, one of which is a duplicate of "1549 First train over last spike," and the other is an unidentified photograph from the same event. There is also one later print by Haynes that shows a group of people and is captioned, "Montana Press Association, Yellowstone National Park, August 1886."

These photographs are personal copies owned by James Hamilton Mills (1837-1904), a Montana newspaper editor and territorial secretary. Mills is said to be standing in the rear row of the Montana Press Association photograph, 6th from the right.

Physical Description

1 folder

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