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Bayard Family Papers

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Held at: Princeton University Library: Manuscripts Division [Contact Us]

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the Princeton University Library: Manuscripts Division. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Overview and metadata sections

Bayard, Ann Caroline, 1797-1871

Ann Caroline Bayard (1797-1871), a member of the prominent Philadelphia and Delaware Bayard family, was raised in an environment of politics. Her father, James Asheton Bayard (1767-1815); two brothers, Richard Henry Bayard (1796-1868) and James Asheton Bayard (1799-1880); and nephew, Thomas Francis Bayard (1828-1898) served in the United States Senate and their acquaintances appear to have been involved in the family's social circles, of which Ann Caroline Bayard was an active part.

Little is known about Ann Caroline Bayard, but it appears that she was educated at Mrs. Mortimer's Ladies' Seminary in Philadelphia. Later in life, she and her brother, Henry Milligan Bayard, operated the Bayard family's ironworks, Victoria Furnace, which was located on Clark's Creek northeast of Dauphin, Pennsylvania.

Bayard's circle of friends included Caroline Bollman, daughter of Justus Erich Bollman; Martha M. A. Levy (1798-1889), daughter of Judge Moses Levy and niece of Louis McLane; Sarah P. Bache, granddaughter of Benjamin Franklin and wife of Charles Hodge who served as president of the Princeton Theological Seminary; and Charlotte Mortimer, who married Dr. Ithemer B. Crawe. Letters between these young women are indicative of their progressive families--all were educated, read and exchanged views on books, and were involved with notable individuals in the literary and political worlds. Bayard corresponded with many notable politicians, including Louis McLane and Henry Clay.

Many members of Ann Caroline Bayard's immediate family were notable. Her father, James Asheton Bayard (1767-1815), was a 1784 College of New Jersey graduate, a lawyer in Wilmington, a U.S. representative from Delaware at-large from 1797 to 1803, and a United States senator from Delaware from 1804 to 1813. A Federalist, Bayard helped negotiate the Treaty of Ghent in 1814. Her mother, Ann Bassett Bayard, was the daughter of Chief Justice Richard Bassett. With this example of public service, several of John and Ann Bayard's children, particularly their sons Richard Henry, James Asheton, and Edward, were motivated to serve the public.

Richard Henry Bayard (1796-1868) graduated from the College of New Jersey in 1814; served as mayor of Wilmington from 1832 to 1835; a U.S. Senator from Delaware from 1836 to 1839 and from 1840 to 1845; Chief Justice of Delaware from 1839 to 1841; Brigadier General in the Delaware State Militia in 1846; and the American charge d'affaires in Belgium from 1850 to 1853. He married Mary Sophia Carroll (1804-1886), and both corresponded with Henry Clay. James Asheton Bayard (1799-1880) practiced law in Wilmington and served as U.S. District Attorney for Delaware from 1838 to 1843 and U.S. Senator from Delaware from 1851 to 1964 and 1867 to 1869. He married Ann Francis (1802-1864) and they were the parents of five children, including Thomas Francis Bayard who served in the U.S. Senate from 1869 to 1885; as Secretary of State under President Grover Cleveland, from 1885 to 1889; and ambassador to England from 1893 to 1897, and Edward Bayard, a lawyer and homeopathic physician, married Tryphena Cady, older sister of Elizabeth Cady Stanton. Another son, Henry Milligan Bayard, married Emma Dixon.

The Bayard Family Papers, 1801-1915, document Ann Caroline Bayard (1797-1871) and her politically active family and are arranged in five series, "Correspondence," "Legal Records," "Photographs," "Miscellaneous Files and Ephemera," and "Newspaper Clippings."

"Correspondence" includes letters to Ann Caroline Bayard and to other members of her family. The letters "To Ann Caroline Bayard" are arranged alphabetically by author of the letter. These letters address a range of topics including family, books, education, abolition, and politics. Her friends' letters contain friendly gossip, discussions of travels and notable people met, including Washington Irving (a friend of Caroline Bollman). A letter from Sarah Lowndes, in response to a query by Ann Caroline Bayard, provides her justification for the institution of slavery in 1820. Ann Caroline Bayard also corresponded with her sisters-in-law Mary S. Carroll Bayard and Tryphena Cady Bayard. Of note, Tryphena Bayard mentions her sister, Elizabeth Cady Stanton.

Family and friends, particularly Henry Clay (1777-1852) and Louis McLane (1786-1857), wrote to Ann Caroline Bayard regarding politics. Letters from Henry Clay discuss abolition, politics, and speeches. In a particularly revealing letter, Clay's feelings on his defeat in the 1844 presidential election are discussed. She was equally respected by Louis McLane, a Delaware politician. Her father and her brother Richard Henry Bayard wrote from Washington and these letters, along with those of Clay and McLane, discuss the writers' opinions of Rufus King (1755-1827), Ninian Edwards (1775-1833), Mr. Pinckney, Mr. Randolph, and Joseph Bringhurst (1767-1834), to name only a few.

The letters "To Others" include many members of Ann Caroline Bayard's family, but center largely on Emma Dixon Bayard and were written mostly by her family. There are also a number of letters to Ann Bayard, James Asheton Bayard, and Mary S. Bayard. Letters to Shipley relations are also included. These letters are arranged alphabetically by recipient of the letters.

"Legal Records" include court records; land records possibly relating to the U.S. Supreme Court Case, "Henry M. Bayard, Plaintiff in Error, v. Israel Lombard and Charles O. Whitmore;" wills and letters regarding wills; and records that are not immediately connected to a specific individual.

"Photographs" relate mainly to the descendents of Henry Milligan and Emma Dixon Bayard. There are also photographs of Clark's Creek, Camp Shiley, and "Victoria" and several photographs of individuals who are either unidentified on the photographs or their connections to the Bayard family are unknown.

"Miscellaneous Files and Ephemera" includes genealogical information regarding the Bayard family, clippings of hair from twelve family members, and prayers, hymns, and poems. Finally, "Newspaper Clippings" contains clippings on Bayard family members, particularly obituaries. When these individuals are represented only by an obituary, it is noted.

This collection provides a unique glimpse into the family and social circles of Ann Caroline Bayard, an educated and politically connected woman during the 19th century. It is important to note, however, that there is almost nothing of her own creation in this collection; instead, her role in her world is revealed in the writings of others.

Purchase, 2012.

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This collection was processed by Holly Mengel in 2012. Finding aid written by Holly Mengel in 2012.

No appraisal information is available.

Publisher
Manuscripts Division
Finding Aid Author
Holly Mengel
Finding Aid Date
2012
Access Restrictions

The collection is open for research.

Use Restrictions

Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. No further photoduplication of copies of material in the collection can be made when Princeton University Library does not own the original. Inquiries regarding publishing material from the collection should be directed to RBSC Public Services staff through the Ask Us! form. The library has no information on the status of literary rights in the collection and researchers are responsible for determining any questions of copyright.

Collection Inventory

Scope and Contents

Consists of letters received by Ann Caroline Bayard from individuals such as Henry Clay, Charles Hodge, and Charlotte Mortimer, as well as numerous family members. Also includes letters received by other family members, as well as individuals such as Mary Shipley Derickson, and Anna Shipley, as well as others.

Arrangement

This series is arranged into two subseries: To Ann Caroline Bayard, and To Others.

Physical Description

3 boxes

Scope and Contents

Consists of letters received by Ann Caroline Bayard from individuals such as Henry Clay, Charles Hodge, and Charlotte Mortimer, as well as numerous family members.

Arrangement

Arranged alphabetically by correspondent.

Physical Description

2 boxes

Bayard, Ann Bassett (mother), 1813-1814. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Bayard, Charles Carroll (nephew), 1840. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Bayard, James Asheton (father), 1803-1812. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Bayard, James Asheton (brother), 1819-1835. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Bayard, James A. (nephew), 1835-1846. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Bayard, John (uncle), 1822-1827. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Bayard, John (cousin), 1818. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Bayard, M. E. (niece), undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Bayard, Mary S. (niece), 1820. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Bayard, Mary S. (sister-in-law), 1824. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Bayard, R.B. (nephew), 1866. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Bayard, Richard Henry (brother), 1815-1837. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Bayard, Thomas Francis (nephew), 1859-1870. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Bayard, Tryphena Cady (sister-in-law), 1827-1840. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Materials Viewable Online
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Bollman, Caroline, 1814-1821. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Clay, Henry, 1839-1852. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Garnett, A., 1818-1825. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Hodge, Charles, 1821-1850. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Hodge, Sarah Bache, 1822-1838. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Hodgeson, Jane P. (cousin), 1801. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Lowndes, Sarah B., 1818-1831. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Levy, Martha M.A., 1818-1820. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

McLane, Louis, 1818-1820. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Messiter, C. (husband or son of Lucy, niece of A.C. Bayard), undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Milligan, M.L., 1822. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Mortimer, Charlotte, 1821. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Mortimer, L.S., 1817-1821. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Shipley, J., 1840. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Sims, L.M., undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"Theo", undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Unidentified Correspondents, 1814-1848. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Scope and Contents

Consists of letters received by other family members, as well as individuals such as Mary Shipley Derickson, and Anna Shipley, as well as others.

Arrangement

Arranged alphabetically by correspondent.

Physical Description

2 boxes

To Bayard, Ann Bassett, from her sons, Richard Henry and Edward, and from Elizabeth Bayard, undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

To Bayard, Charles, from J.S. Kinter, 1893. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

To Bayard, Emma Dixon, from James A. Bayard, Jr., Lucretia Dixon, Mary Dixon, Mary Anna (sister), J. Shipley, Hannah Shipley, and S. Shipley, 1832-1853. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

To Bayard, Emma Dixon, from Lucy A. Bayard (daughter), Mabel Bayard (niece), Thomas Francis Bayard (nephew), S. Cadwalader, S. Dixon, A.C. Johnstone (daughter), C. Messiter, Hannah Shipley, and John Shipley, 1857-1898. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

To Bayard, Henry Milligan, from Mary Bayard (daughter), Thomas Francis Bayard (nephew), J.S. Henry, and J. Shipley, 1833. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

To Bayard, James Asheton, from "Theo" (sister), 1820. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

To Bayard, James Asheton, from Ann Caroline Bayard (daughter), circa 1814. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

To Bayard, Mary S., from Henry Clay and John William [illegible], 1840-1851. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

To Bayard, Richard Henry, from Henry Clay, 1840. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

To Derickson, Mary Shipley, from Ella P. Chapman, Willard Derickson (son), Frances Howell, and [illegible] J. Shipley (cousin), 1881-1900. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

To Derickson, Mary Shipley, from Willard Derickson (son), John L. Eade (cousin), Susie Holland, J. Paschall (sister), L. Shipley (cousin), and [illegible], 1901-1910. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

To Pacshall, Lucy Asheton Bayard, from J.A. Bayard (brother), 1911. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

To Shipley, Anna, from John Shipley (brother), 1843-1850. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

To Shipley, Hannah, from Joseph Shipley (father) and J. Shipley (brother), 1815-1849. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

To Shipley, John, from J. Shipley, 1849. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

To Shipley, Mary, from Phoebe Shipley (daughter), 1809. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

To "Aunt," from Florence, Mabel, and Thomas Francis Bayard, 1860. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

To "My Dearest Girls" and Mrs. Bayard, from Lucy A. [illegible], undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

To "Sister," from J.H. Bayard and J. Shipley, 1847-1871. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

To "Son," from Ann Bassett Bayard (incomplete), 1815 August 23. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Wedding invitations, 1866-1910. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Miscellaneous (includes letter to William H. Rapell from Henry Clay), 1850-1893. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Scope and Contents

Consists of court records for New York and Philadelphia, land records (including contracts and deed poll), and the wills of Emma Bayard and Katherine Bayard and letter regarding wills of Constance Bayard and Tryphena Bayard.

Arrangement

Arranged alphabetically by genre of material.

Physical Description

1 box

Court Records for New York and Philadelphia, 1832-1892. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Land Records, including Contracts and Deed Poll, 1838-1875. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Wills of Emma Bayard and Katherine Bayard and Letter regarding Wills of Constance Bayard and Tryphena Bayard, 1892-1920. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Miscellaneous Records, 1821. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Scope and Contents

Consists of photographs of Clark's Creek, Camp Shiley, and "Victoria" as well as of descendents of Henry Milligan and Emma Dixon Bayard.

Arrangement

Arranged alphabetically by subject of photograph.

Physical Description

1 box

Clark's Creek, Camp Shiley, and "Victoria", undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Descendents of Henry Milligan and Emma Dixon Bayard, circa 1860s-1900s. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Distant family, pet dog, and unidentified people, circa 1860s-1900s. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Scope and Contents

Consists primarily of Bayard family genealogical materials and hair clippings.

Arrangement

Arranged alphabetically by genre of material.

Physical Description

1 box

Bayard Family Genealogical Material (Includes Lists of Births and Deaths, Genealogical Tables, and Notes), undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Bayard Family Hair Clippings (12 Clippings), undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Collected Writings (Including Hymns and Songs, Passages, and Prayers), 1823. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Empty Envelopes (unattached to originals), undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Scope and Contents

Consists primarily of obituaries for members of the Bayard family.

Arrangement

Arranged alphabetically by correspondent.

Physical Description

1 box

Bayard, Ann Bassett, Obituary, 1854. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Bayard, Edward, Obituary and Funeral Notice, circa 1889. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Bayard, General George G., 1862-1893. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Materials Viewable Online
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Bayard, James A. (1767-1815), 1826. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Bayard, James A. (1799-1880), Obituaries, circa 1880. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Bayard, Thomas Francis (1828-1898), 1880-1898. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Miscellaneous, 1893-1900. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

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