Held at: Princeton University Library: Manuscripts Division [Contact Us]
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Overview and metadata sections
George Lianis was born in 1926 in Naoussa, Greece. His father was an employee of the Greek railroads. The family lived in various towns in northern Greece, where his father served as stationmaster.
During the World War II he was an organizer for Heniaia Panelladikē Organōsē Neon (EPON) [Unified Panhellenic Organization of Youth], the youth group of resistance to the German occupation of Greece. In 1953, he received a degree in mechanical and electrical engineering from the National Technical University of Athens. He completed his graduate studies at Imperial College of the University of London where in 1956 he received a PhD in mechanical engineering. In 1959, he moved to the United States to join the faculty of Brown University where he was promoted to full professor in 1961. His academic work includes the physics of continuous media and the theory of relativity. He became visiting scientist at North American Aviation, General Dynamics Astronautics, Boeing, Hexcel, and Lockheed Propulsion, and was visiting professor at the University of Washington, Seattle, Lehigh University, and Technische Hochschule Aachen.
In 1964, still living in the United States, he became acquainted with Andreas Papandreou, future prime minister of Greece, and was invited to help establish a new university in Patrai, Greece. After the military dictatorship arrived in 1967, he was active in anti-dictatorship struggles with the Panhellenic Liberation Movement (P.A.K.). He served as general secretary of the North American Council of P.A.K. until 1974. After the fall of the dictatorship in 1974, he returned to Greece as a founding member of the Panhellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK). He became professor at the chair of mechanics at the Aristotle University of Thessalonikē. In 1981, when PASOK became the first socialist government in Greece, he entered the cabinet as Vice Minister of Education and in 1983, the first Minister of Research and Technology. Between 1985 and 1997 he served as Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to countries in Asia, including Japan, South Korea, Philippines, Mongolia, Singapore, and Malaysia. He stayed involved with issues of innovation policy and higher education until his death in 2008.
The collection consists of personal papers of the Greek academic and politician, George Lianis, including correspondence (personal and professional), autograph and typed manuscripts, photographs, one photograph album, slides, and printed matter. The materials involved in the years Lianis served as general secretary of the North American Council of Panhellenic Liberation Movement (P.A.K.) and after his return to Greece with the fall of the military coup in 1974 as a founding member of the Panellēnio Sosialistiko Kinēma (Greece) [Panhellenic Socialist Movement] (PASOK), where he entered the cabinet as Vice Minister of Education and then the first Minister of Research and Technology. The main subjects are especially P.A.K. and the dictatorship period (1967-1974), the uproar over the establishment of Patrai University in Greece as a new model, and the passage of law 1268/1982 for reform of higher education. Also, there are notes about discussions held with Margaret Papandreou.
Organized into the following series:
Gift of Mrs. Judith Fruchter-Lianis to the Program in Hellenic Studies for the Princeton University Library in 2011.
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This collection was processed by Kalliopi Balatsouka in 2011. Finding aid written by Kalliopi Balatsouka in 2011.
Nothing was removed from the collection.
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- Kalliopi Balatsouka
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Open for research/
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This series consists of personal and professional correspondence mainly received by George Lianis. Correspondents included are Andreas Papandreou, Margaret Papandreou, and Mogens Camre (while Andreas Papapndreou was in jail in 1967), as well as United States government officials.
This series has been arranged alphabetically by correspondent, with miscellaneous letters of Greek-Americans at the end of the series.Physical Description
Includes correspondence with several Greek-Americans both in Greek and in English regarding the political situation in Greece during the military coup (1967-1974), as well as clippings of American and Greek newspapers regarding the same matter.Physical Description
This series consists of writings by George Lianis including, autograph and typed manuscripts, reports or retrospective notes written later to sum up past events regarding the Panhellenic Liberation Movement (P.A.K.) and the military coup period in Greece (1967-1974), as well as subjects regarding the establishment of Patrai University as a model for higher education reform in Greece.
This series has been organized by form.Physical Description
Includes Lianis's thoughts and observations he made after discussions with Margaret Papandreou in 2004. His wife, Judith Fruchter-Lianis, kept the handwritten notes.Physical Description
Contains reports and notes written by Lianis to sum up past events, including "The Crucial Current Issues of Greece"; "How I Met Andreas Papandreou"; "Period of Andrea's Incarceration"; "Summer 1972 with Andreas Papandreaou"; "Summer 1969 with Andreas"; "European Support of P.A.K.'s Activities During the Dictatorship 1967-1974"; "PASOK of Thessalonikē"; "Reforms in Tertiary Education. November 1981 to June 1982"; "My Friend Wally Liolios"; "My Father Michael Lianis"; "George's Experiences in Naoussa during the World War II"; "Historikē proetoimasia-krisē sta AEI" [Historic Preparation-Crisis in the Institutions of Higher Education (AEI)]; "N. 1268/82-Vivlio Dēmētrē Rokou-Prologos" [An Introduction to Dēmētrēs Rokos' Book]. Most of the writings are undated. Included also are clippings of Greek newspapers regarding the establishment of the Univeristy of Patrai as a model for higher education reform in Greece. There is also a printed article entitled "Prelude" published in Ramparts, 43 (undated) regarding the military coup in Greece.Physical Description
Includes typed manuscripts of interviews Lianis gave to Athens News Agency as Minister of Research and Technology in Greece and to an unspecified source; and a telephone interview with Andreas and Margaret Papandreou by Lianis which was recorded with permission. There are also clippings of several newspapers, such as: Express, Hēmera Patrōn, Aurianē, Ta Nea, Nautemporikē, Electronics Weekly, Computer Weekly, Crash, Status, Eurōpaikē Koinotēta, no. 134 (Nov.- Dec. 1983); and a copy of a short article "A High Technology Oasis in Crete" by Fotis Kafatos regarding Lianis's several activities and important steps to hasten Greece's membership in the technological revolution at that time. Also present is a posthumous award from the Ereunētiko Institouto Chēmikēs Mēchanikēs kai Chēmikōn Diergasiōn Hypsēlēs Thermokrasias (ΕΙΧΗΜΥΘ) [The Institute of Chemical Engineering and High Temperature Chemical Processes (ICE-HT)] at Rio-Patrai (Greece); a printed article about ICE-HT; and typescripts of Lianis's official trips abroad as Minister of Research and Technology, as well as a color photocopy of a photograph of one of his trips in China. Included also is a guide book of Berchtesgaden (a municipality in the German Bavarian Alps).Physical Description
Includes a typescript of a biographical note of George Lianis both in Greek and in English; a clipping of the Greek newspaper Angeliophoros with an obituary for Lianis.Physical Description
This series consists of black-and-white and color photographs and slides, one photograph album, and a Compact Disk of the personal and professional life of Geoge Lianis and Andreas Papandreou along with close family members, friends, and members of the Panhellenic Liberation Movement (P.A.K.) and Panhellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK).
This series has been arranged in a chronological order.Physical Description
1.0 linear foot
Contains black-and-white and color photographs, as well as color photocopies of photogrpahs of George Lianis's personal and professional life both in the United States and in Greece, including images with Andreas Papandreou in his exile in Canada and after his freedom in Chicago; Papandreou lecturing at the University of Ohio; visiting the University of Purdue (Lafayette, Indiana); visiting Germany; with Felipe Gonzales; with Mario Soares; and Juan Boschand; and with Inga Landgré in Sweden. There is also a Compact Disk icluding six Power Points of color photographs entitled: a) Early memories with Andreas Papandreou, 1965-1966; b) Early memories with Andreas Papandreou, 1968-1980; c) PASOK, 1981-1982; d) PASOK, 1983; e) PASOK, 1984; and f) PASOK, 1985. Also included are color slides and color clippings of Greek magazines of Andreas Papandreou and George Lianis with family members, friends and members of the Panhellenic Liberation Movement (P.A.K.) in Greece, Italy, Germany, Austria, Sweden, and the United States dated from 1964 to 1972.Physical Description
Includes a photograph album (26 x 36 cm.) of color photographs of the first official government of the Panhellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK).Physical Description