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Bertrand de Moleville Counterrevolution Papers

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Held at: Princeton University Library: Manuscripts Division [Contact Us]

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the Princeton University Library: Manuscripts Division. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Overview and metadata sections

Bertrand-de-Molleville, Ant.-Fr. (Antoine-François), 1744-1818

The marquis de Bertrand de Moleville was a nobleman and navy minister in the French Constitutional Cabinet. He urged Louis XVI to flee Paris and was accused of being one of the "Austrian Committee," the shadowy circle accused of anti-revolutionary plots. He emigrated to England in 1793.

The collection consists of manuscripts and related material regarding Bertrand de Moleville's proposals to the British government for invading France and Spanish America. Included is a manuscript (1805) in English detailing a plan for a counterrevolution to recapture France from Napoleon Bonaparte and return the monarchy and King Louis XVIII to the French throne. Bertrand de Moleville gives details of where the soldiers of the army should come from, how much the expedition would cost the king of England, and how it should be executed. He suggests to the British monarch that the army capture the Ile d' Oléron which would present very little resistance, from there to capture the Ile de Ré́ and the Ile d' Aix, and finally to enter the French mainland at Rochefort.

The collection also contains manuscript material regarding Bertrand de Moleville's secret plans for an invasion of Spanish America, establishing an independent Mexico: his cover letter (in French, dated 2 January 1805) conveying the proposal to British government official Jonathan McArthur, requesting that he forward the material to Lord Melville, First Lord of the Admiralty; the four-part plan (in French); and an English précis of the proposal with McArthur's recommendation (7 January 1805) to Melville.

Arranged by country.

Invasion of France manuscript was the gift of Chas A. D. Burk in 1909.

Invasion of Mexico material was purchased from William Reese Co. in 2011 (AM2012-29).

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This collection was processed by John Delaney on 2011 September 30. Finding aid written by John Delaney on 2011 September 30.

No materials were separated during 2011 processing.

Publisher
Manuscripts Division
Finding Aid Author
John Delaney
Finding Aid Date
2011
Access Restrictions

The collection is open for research.

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Collection Inventory

Invasion of France, 1805. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Plan (English), AMs, 43 pp.

Physical Description

1 folder

Invasion of Mexico: Cover Letter, 1805 January 2. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Cover letter (French) for plan, ALS (by Betrand de Moleville), 1 p.

Physical Description

1 folder

Invasion of Mexico: Précis of Plan, 1805 January 7. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Précis of plan (English), AMsS (by Jonathan McArthur), 15 pp.

Physical Description

1 folder

Invasion of Mexico: Part 1 of Plan, 1805. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Details the methods and means of executing the plan, AMs (French), 9 pp.

Physical Description

1 folder

Invasion of Mexico: Part 2 of Plan, 1805. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Explains the advantages to England of this enterprise, AMs (French), 5 pp.

Physical Description

1 folder

Invasion of Mexico: Part 3 of Plan, 1805. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Responds to possible objections with the plan, AMs (French), 9 pp.

Physical Description

1 folder

Invasion of Mexico: Part 4 of Plan, 1805. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Notes and clarifications, AMs, 14 pp.

Physical Description

1 folder

Invasion of Mexico: Original Binder, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Slipcase with title "Betrand-Moleville - Proposals for the Overthrow of Mexico - 1805," bound by J. Desmonts of J. MacDonanld Co. of Norwalk, Conn.

Physical Description

1 folder

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