Arnold Guyot Collection
Held at: Princeton University Library: Manuscripts Division [Contact Us]
This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the Princeton University Library: Manuscripts Division. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.
Overview and metadata sections
Arnold Guyot was a Swiss-born American geologist, geographer, and educator. Born in Boudevilliers, near Neuchâtel, Switzerland, he obtained his doctoral degree at Berlin. Between 1839 and 1848 he taught physical geography and history at the Academy of Neuchâtel. In 1948 Guyot came to the United States, and in 1854 he was appointed Professor of Geology and Physical Geography at the College of New Jersey (Princeton). The following year he began what is now the Department of Geological and Geophysical Sciences and started the institution's first systematic instruction in geology. In 1856 he founded what is now the Princeton Museum of Natural History. Guyot's main activities focused on hypsometric measurements of the eastern mountains from New England to North Carolina, on meteorology, and on the reform of geographic teaching in colleges and secondary schools. Guyot was involved in the formative years of weather forecasting in the United States, and his extensive meteorological observations led to the founding of the U.S. Weather Bureau. Guyot also developed topographical maps of the Appalachian and Catskill mountains. His published works include The Earth and Man (English translation, 1849), Tables, Meteorological and Physical (1859), and Creation, or The Biblical Cosmogony in the Light of Modern Science (1884). Guyot's many texts, geographic atlases, and wall charts continued to be published long after his death. The guyot, a flat-topped volcanic peak rising from the ocean floor, is named after him.
The collection consists of selected correspondence and documents by and about Arnold Guyot, and a typescript titled "Arnold Guyot et Princeton" by Leonard Chester Jones. The correspondence includes three letters by Guyot to E. H. Champion, one letter to "Monsieur Rodrigués," and one letter to William Webster. In addition, there are letters between Varnum Lansing Collins, Arnold Guyot Dana, Leonard Chester Jones, Arthur Piaget, and others regarding Guyot, dated between 1927 and 1928. The documents include diplomas and scholarly awards relevant to the academic career of Guyot. They include his PhD diploma from Berlin, his MA from Harvard, certificates of membership to La Société de Geographie, La Société Entomologique de France, La Société des Sciences Naturel, the Royal Academy of Turin, La Société Géologique de France, the American Geographical and Statistical Society, the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, the Albany Institute, the American Oriental Society, and a certificate of merit awarded by the Vienna Exposition of 1873. Jones's typescript (113 pp.) about the life and accomplishments of Arnold Guyot while he was at Princeton University is written in French, with holographic corrections and annotations. It was published in Neuchâtel, Switzerland, in 1929.
The collection was formed as a result of a Departmental practice of combining into one collection material of various accessions relating to a particular person, family, or subject.
Certificates and diplomas were a gift of Ernest Sandoz on Dec. 4, 1903.
Certificate of merit was a gift of Mrs. Arnold Guyot on July 16, 1913.
Letter to E. H. Chapman dated Jan. 29, 1877 was a gift of Mrs. William B. Nisbet, Jr. on Jan. 19, 1966.
Letter to "Monsieur Rodrigués" was a gift of Mrs. Letitia T. Howe on Dec. 27, 1982.
Two letters to E. H. Champion dated 1857 and 1875 were purchased.
This collection was processed by Dina Britain on April 28, 2006. Finding aid written by Dina Britain on May 2, 2006.
No appraisal information is available.
- Manuscripts Division
- Finding Aid Author
- Dina Britain
- Finding Aid Date
- Access Restrictions
The collection is open for research.
- Use Restrictions
Single photocopies may be made for research purposes. No further photoduplication of copies of material in the collection can be made when Princeton University Library does not own the original. Inquiries regarding publishing material from the collection should be directed to RBSC Public Services staff through the Ask Us! form. The library has no information on the status of literary rights in the collection and researchers are responsible for determining any questions of copyright.
Consists of correspondence by and about Guyot, as well as a typescript and other manuscripts about him. Two membership certificates are also included because of their size.
Arranged by accession number.Physical Description
LS to Arnold Guyot informing him of his election as a corporate member. Signed Edward E. Salisbury, Corresponding Secretary, New Haven.Physical Description
Guyot, Arnold: Albany Institute, certificate of membership, DSPhysical Description
Guyot, Arnold: Société Géologique de France, certificates of membership, 2 DsS, one signed by GuyotPhysical Description
Jones, Leonard C.: correspondence and writings concerning GuyotPhysical Description
Jones, Leonard C.: "Arnold Guyot et Princeton," TMsPhysical Description
Webster, William: ALSPhysical Description
2 ALsS by Guyot to Champion, 1 ALS by Guyot to AynenPhysical Description
ALS by Guyot to "Monsieur Rodrigués"Physical Description
Consists of miscellaneous diplomas, membership documents, and scholarly awards bestowed upon Guyot.
Arranged by accession number.Physical Description
PhD from Berlin, DSPhysical Description
MA from Harvard College, DSPhysical Description
Société de Geographie, certificate of membership, DSPhysical Description
Société Entomologique de France, certificate of membershipPhysical Description
Royal Academy of Turin, DSPhysical Description
Société Historique Swiss, DSPhysical Description
Société Helvetique des Sciences Naturelles, diploma, DSPhysical Description
American Geographical and Statistical Society, certificate of membership, DSPhysical Description
National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, certificate of membership, DSPhysical Description
Exposition Universelle de 1878, Gold Medal certificate, DSPhysical Description