Held at: Princeton University Library: Manuscripts Division [Contact Us]
This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the Princeton University Library: Manuscripts Division. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.
Overview and metadata sections
Philip Kearny, Jr. was the son of Philip Kearny, Sr., a financier and founder of the New York Stock Exchange. Due to his parents' deaths, Kearny was raised by his grandfather and, following the wishes of his grandfather, graduated from Columbia College with a law degree in 1833. After his grandfather's death, Kearny joined the 1st U.S. Dragoons as a second lieutenant of cavalry. In 1839, Kearny was sent to France to study cavalry tactics and served in Algeria with the Chasseurs d'Afrique. Kearny briefly resigned his commission in 1846, but returned to the army with the outbreak of the Mexican-American War, eventually participating in the battles of Contreras and Churubusco as commander of Troop F of the 1st U.S. Dragoons. In 1851, Kearny left the army to travel and, in 1855, settled in present-day Kearny, New Jersey. In 1859, Kearny traveled to France and rejoined the Chasseurs d'Afrique to fight Austrian forces and Italy. Kearny also served with Napoleon III's Imperial Guard at the Battle of Solferino. In 1861, with the outbreak of the Civil War, Kearny returned to the United States and was appointed brigadier general in command of the 1st New Jersey Brigade. Kearny also commanded the 3rd Division of the III Corps and was promoted to major general before his death on September 1, 1862, at the Battle of Chantilly.
The collection consists of selected correspondence and documents of Kearny while he was brigadier general of volunteers in command of the 1st New Jersey Brigade during the Civil War. Included are letters to him by R. F. Stockton, W. B. Franklin, Charles S. Olden, and W. R. Montgomery, a few notes and circular orders by Kearny concerning mainly routine army matters, miscellaneous correspondence of others, lists of ordnance stores, vouchers, and muster rolls for the 7th New Jersey Brigade.
For preservation reasons, original analog and digital media may not be read or played back in the reading room. Users may visually inspect physical media but may not remove it from its enclosure. All analog audiovisual media must be digitized to preservation-quality standards prior to use. Audiovisual digitization requests are processed by an approved third-party vendor. Please note, the transfer time required can be as little as several weeks to as long as several months and there may be financial costs associated with the process. Requests should be directed through the Ask Us Form.
Folder inventory added by Nicholas Williams '2015 in 2012.
- United States. Army
- United States. Army. New Jersey Brigade, 1st (1861-1865)
- United States. Army. New Jersey Brigade, 7th
- Manuscripts Division
- Finding Aid Date
- Access Restrictions
The collection is open for research.
- Use Restrictions
Single copies may be made for research purposes. To cite or publish quotations that fall within Fair Use, as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission is required. For instances beyond Fair Use, it is the responsibility of the researcher to determine whether any permissions related to copyright, privacy, publicity, or any other rights are necessary for their intended use of the Library's materials, and to obtain all required permissions from any existing rights holders, if they have not already done so. Princeton University Library's Special Collections does not charge any permission or use fees for the publication of images of materials from our collections, nor does it require researchers to obtain its permission for said use. The department does request that its collections be properly cited and images credited. More detailed information can be found on the Copyright, Credit and Citations Guidelines page on our website. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact us through the Ask Us! form.