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Francis C. Brown Collection on Slavery in America

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Held at: Princeton University Library: Manuscripts Division [Contact Us]

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the Princeton University Library: Manuscripts Division. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Overview and metadata sections

Francis C. (Cabell) Brown Jr. was born on January 6, 1936, and graduated from Princeton University in 1958 with a degree from the Woodrow Wilson School. He attended Harvard Law School, graduating in 1961, and practiced law in New York as a solo practitioner for most of his professional life.

Brown, Francis C., 1936-2014 Brown, Francis C. (Francis Cabell), 1936-

Francis C. (Cabell) Brown was born on Jan. 6, 1936, and graduated from Princeton University in 1958 with a degree from the Woodrow Wilson School. He attended Harvard Law School and graduated in 1961. He is currently an attorney in New York City.

Consists of over 150 manuscript and printed documents related to the institution of slavery in America that were collected from various sources by Francis C. Brown (Class of 1958). Materials pertain to slavery in Louisiana and, to a lesser degree, in Tennessee, Kentucky, Maryland, Alabama, Virginia, Mississippi, Missouri, New York, New Jersey, and the Carolinas, with a few documents relating to the Caribbean and West Africa. While many documents relate to enslaved persons from the perspective of plantation owners and traders, others depict resistance to slavery and the lives of free people of color. Included are testimonies and legal documents regarding escaped and recaptured enslaved persons; deeds of manumission; papers of freedmen and other free people of color, including labor contracts, receipts for services rendered, and documents pertaining to inheritance and property sales; auction and estate records of plantations concerning their products, animals, and enslaved persons; mortgages of property and enslaved persons; a Civil War army discharge for an African American sergeant; receipts for the medical care and board of enslaved laborers; manifests of enslaved persons transported by ship; and bills of sale for enslaved persons, including many sold to Andrew Hynes of Tennessee; among other documents. Also of note are several documents and letters pertaining to abolitionist and anti-abolitionist movements, as well as to emancipation, including a loyalty oath signed by a Southern plantation owner shortly after the American Civil War and a group of pamphlets concerning changes to France's Code Noir in the 1840s that affected French colonies in Africa and the Caribbean. While the majority of documents are in English, many of the documents from Louisiana are in French.

Materials related to the same person are grouped together. Otherwise, materials are not arranged according to any arrangement scheme.

Gift of Francis C. Brown, Jr., Class of 1958, in 1980 (AM 1981-58).

For preservation reasons, original analog and digital media may not be read or played back in the reading room. Users may visually inspect physical media but may not remove it from its enclosure. All analog audiovisual media must be digitized to preservation-quality standards prior to use. Audiovisual digitization requests are processed by an approved third-party vendor. Please note, the transfer time required can be as little as several weeks to as long as several months and there may be financial costs associated with the process. Requests should be directed through the Ask Us Form.

This collection was processed by Teresa T. Basler in 2003. Finding aid written by Teresa T. Basler in 2003.

Finding aid terminology and access terms updated by Faith Charlton in November 2016. In December 2016, materials related to the same person were grouped together and description was further enhanced by Kelly Bolding, with assistance from Fiona Bell '18. 2016 updates focused on improving description of enslaved people.

No materials were separated during 2016 processing.

Publisher
Manuscripts Division
Finding Aid Author
Teresa T. Basler; Faith Charlton; Kelly Bolding
Finding Aid Date
2003
Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research use.

Use Restrictions

Single copies may be made for research purposes. To cite or publish quotations that fall within Fair Use, as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission is required. For instances beyond Fair Use, it is the responsibility of the researcher to determine whether any permissions related to copyright, privacy, publicity, or any other rights are necessary for their intended use of the Library's materials, and to obtain all required permissions from any existing rights holders, if they have not already done so. Princeton University Library's Special Collections does not charge any permission or use fees for the publication of images of materials from our collections, nor does it require researchers to obtain its permission for said use. The department does request that its collections be properly cited and images credited. More detailed information can be found on the Copyright, Credit and Citations Guidelines page on our website. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact us through the Ask Us! form.

Collection Inventory

Petition for Sale of William Williams Estate, West Feliciana Parish, Louisiana, 1813 April. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript copy of petition of Esther Williams, executrix to the estate of William Williams, for the sale of the estate in West Feliciana Parish, Louisiana, which included the plantation, enslaved laborers, cattle, and farming equipment.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Jacob W. Giles Manumission for Oliver, Baltimore County, Maryland, 1802 April. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript copy of manumission by Jacob W. Giles for "Negro" Oliver.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Sale of Land and Enslaved Persons from Marc Eliche to Pierre Lafiton, Avoyelles Parish, Louisiana, 1810. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript copy (in French) of sale of land and enslaved laborers with mortgage for 7,000 piastres. Sale included a cotton mill and press, animals and tools, and four enslaved persons: Thomas, Michel, and Cok, all from Sudan, and Celestin, from Senegal.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Partial List Prepared for General Census, St. John the Baptist Parish, Louisiana, 1813. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript list (in French) prepared for the general census of the year 1813 (or earlier) for St. John the Baptist Parish in Louisiana, particularly for areas largely inhabited by Germans. Includes lists of white inhabitants, enslaved laborers of African descent, free people of color, and the disabled. Addressed to Terence Le Blanc, judge of the parish.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Sale at Auction of Sugar Plantation, Animals, and Enslaved Persons, St. John the Baptist Parish, Louisiana, 1810 October 24. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Twenty-four-page manuscript copy of document (in French) pertaining to the sale at auction of a sugar plantation, animals, and over forty enslaved persons, listing the price of each.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Enslaved Boy Jacob and Girl Sarah from Samuel Jay to Abraham Wright, New Orleans, Louisiana, 1812 October 27. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript bill of sale of an enslaved boy (age 15) and girl (age 13) for 500 dollars. Purchase conducted by Malcolm Currie on behalf of Abraham Wright.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Recapitulation, St. John the Baptist Parish, Louisiana, 1824. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed and manuscript document certifying that assessment roles contain a correct list and recapitulation of the property and professions subjected to state taxes within the Parish of St. John the Baptist, Louisiana, for the year 1824, totaling 4,508 dollars and 2 cents. 2361 enslaved persons are listed, taxed at a rate of one dollar per person.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Deed, Rebecca Horton to Mary Ann Spencer, East Feliciana Parish, Louisiana, 1824 May 24. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript copy made in 1836 of deed dated 1824, indicating that Rebecca and Abram Horton had hired from Mary Ann and William Spencer enslaved laborers named Moses, Jack, Dick, Pat, Isaac, Hannah, and Sylvia, from 1806 to 1811, at the estimated price of 125 dollars each per year, amounting to a total of 4375 dollars owed.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Pierre Denis de la Ronde Letter to Louis Philippe de Roffignac, 1822 February 19. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript letter from Major-General Pierre Denis de la Ronde (1762-1824) to Count Louis Philippe de Roffignac ("Joseph"), discussing enslaved persons and the Marigny Canal.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Physical Description

1 box

Bill of Sale of Enslaved Boy Louis from Andrew Hubbard to Andrew Hynes, Bardstown, Kentucky, 1808 February 26. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript bill of sale of an enslaved thirteen-year-old boy for 425 dollars.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Enslaved Boy Edmund from Philip Thomas, Tennessee, to Joseph Erwin, Louisiana, 1821 February 10. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript bill of sale of a seventeen-year-old enslaved boy, a barber by trade, for 800 dollars. Sale facilitated by Andrew Hynes.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Enslaved Man Spencer from William D. Lewis to Andrew Hynes, Louisiana, 1823 August 28. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript bill of sale of a twenty-six-year-old enslaved man for 400 dollars. Sold in swap for William Davenport.

Physical Description

1 folder

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John Erwin Receipt to Martha Hart for Andrew Hynes Purchase of Enslaved Boy, 1820 October 23. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript document, reading: "received of Andrew Hynes his draft on Joseph Erwin... for four hundred dollars... which draft I am to sell in Baltimore, and the proceeds to be laid out in the purchase of a negro boy of from fourteen to eighteen years on the best terms, for Mrs. Martha Hart, the bill of sale to be made to Andrew Hynes as Trustee for said Mrs. Hart, but I am not to be liable in case the said boy should die or run away before my return."

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Enslaved Man Jim and Articles of Agreement Between Nicholas B. Pryor and Andrew Hynes, Nashville, Tennessee, 1820 September 20. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Two manuscript documents, including a bill of sale and articles of agreement regarding the sale of an enslaved carpenter for 800 dollars, with the condition that Pryor could reverse the purchase within two years by paying back the money. The bill of sale is marked "dead."

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Enslaved Boy Henry from James M. Lewis, Franklin County, to Andrew Hynes, Nashville, Tennessee, 1815 May 16. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript bill of sale of an enslaved boy around ten or eleven years old.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Five Enslaved Boys from William Cage to Andrew Hynes, 1825 February 28. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript bill of sale of five enslaved boys for a total of 2100 dollars. The boys were named Cato (age 19), Pope (age 17), Milo (age 17), James (age 14), and Palladino (age 12).

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Enslaved Man Ned from Thomas M. Smith, Simpson County, Kentucky, to Andrew Hynes, 1825 June 28. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript bill of sale of an enslaved man of about twenty-four years of age for 500 dollars.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Enslaved Woman Milly and Daughter Alley from Robert Hill, Davidson County, to Andrew Hynes, Nashville, Tennessee, 1825 July 6. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript bill of sale of an enslaved woman of about thirty years of age and her eight-year-old daughter for 600 dollars.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Enslaved Man William from Samuel Davenport, Mercer County, Kentucky, to Andrew Hynes, Nashville, Tennessee, 1824 June 19. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript bill of sale of an enslaved man of about twenty-five years of age for 500 dollars. The bill of sale is marked "dead."

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Enslaved Girl Rachel from Benjamin Pierce, Sumner County, to Andrew Hynes, Nashville, Tennessee, 1818 November 12. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript bill of sale of an enslaved girl of about seven or eight years of age for 450 dollars.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Enslaved Girl from James Pawley to Joseph Erwin, 1817. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript bill of sale of an enslaved "mulatto" girl for 350 dollars.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Letter and Bill of Sale of Enslaved Boy Edmund from Sally B. Hamilton, Logan County, Kentucky, to Andrew Hynes, Davidson County, Tennessee, 1829 July 30. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript bill of sale of an enslaved ten-year-old boy for 250 dollars, along with a related letter from Sally B. Hamilton to Charles Loffinn and Thomas Wilson, in which she requests that they sell Edmund to a buyer near Nashville, where his parents lived "if practicable" and discusses her ignorance of the business of the trade of enslaved persons.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Three Enslaved Children from John Lanier, Lincoln County, to Andrew Hynes, Davidson County, Tennessee, 1829 August 6. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript bill of sale of three enslaved children, including two girls named Maria (age 13) and Viney (age 11), and one boy named Dick (age 11) for 775 dollars.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Enslaved Man Robert from Robert Pardy Marshall, West Tennessee, to Andrew Hynes, Davidson County, Tennessee, 1829 November 10. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript bill of sale of an enslaved man named "Robert" or "Bob" at the November 7, 1829, auction on the square of the town of Nashville for 356 dollars.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Enslaved Man Caswell from Hugh Roland and William B. Ament, Davidson County, Tennessee, to Andrew Hynes, 1829 October 9. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript bill of sale of an enslaved man around thirty-one years old for 600 dollars.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Enslaved Man Ned from Isaac Erwin, Davidson County, Tennessee, to Andrew Hynes, 1829 November 23. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript bill of sale of an enslaved man around forty-three years of age, who "is now disabled by sickness and infirmity" for 100 dollars, noting that Hynes accepts Ned "at his own risk" and is responsible for his "maintenance and support." A note on the reverse side indicates that Ned died in Louisiana in June 1846 "suddenly."

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Enslaved Man Bill from John P. Sledge, Nashville, Tennessee, to Andrew Hynes, 1831 July 20. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript bill of sale of an enslaved man around thirty-three years of age, who was a carpenter, for 600 dollars. A note on the reverse side indicates that Bill was "taken to Louis" and "sold to Judge Dutton(?)."

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Enslaved Woman Kitty from Philip Campbell, Davidson County, Tennessee, to Andrew Hynes, 1826 January 24. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript bill of sale of an enslaved woman around thirty-five years of age for 200 dollars.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Enslaved Man, Woman, and Child from Lavinia Erwin, Iberville Parish, Louisiana, to Andrew Hynes, Nashville, Tennessee, 1831 May 7. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript bill of sale of an enslaved man named John (age 20), a woman named Sucky Todd (age 35), and the woman's daughter Lethe (age 7 or 8) for 300 dollars.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Enslaved Girl Eliza and Boy Ben from Eliza Wilson, Iberville Parish, Louisiana, to Andrew Hynes, Nashville, Tennessee, 1828 May 29. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript bill of sale of an enslaved girl around twelve years of age and a boy around ten years of age for 585 dollars.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Enslaved Man Ben from Charles Bidwell, Nashville, Tennessee, to Andrew Hynes, 1838 March 6. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript bill of sale of an enslaved man around 38 years old for 900 dollars.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Enslaved Man George from Lucy Dreyfus, Davidson County, Tennessee, to Andrew Hynes, 1841 December 13. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript bill of sale of an enslaved man whose labor was then hired to Captain Joseph Miller on board the steamer Nashville for a price of 575 dollars. The bottom of the page notes, "one hand deficient by a burn," and a note on the reverse side reads, "Fell from steamer Nashville boat commanded Capt. Jos. Miller and was drowned in the year 1842."

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Enslaved Boy George from William Gee, Nashville, Tennessee, to Andrew Hynes, 1838 March 5. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript bill of sale of an enslaved boy around fifteen years old for 800 dollars.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Enslaved Child Fleming from William Hewlett, Davidson County, Tennessee, to Andrew Hynes, 1836 January 23. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript bill of sale of an enslaved male child around two years old for 235 dollars.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Enslaved Girl Maria from Matthew McColm to David Davis, Baltimore County, Maryland, 1817 December 20. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed bill of sale of a seventeen-year-old enslaved girl and "her increase during life" for 300 dollars.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Three Enslaved Persons from Emilie Troxler Webre by Succession to Marguerite Millet Webre, St. James Parish, Louisiana, 1827. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript copy made in 1832 of an 1827 bill of sale (in French) for three enslaved persons, including Valentin (age 35), Jacques (age 28), and Suzette (age 30).

Physical Description

1 folder

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Donation Record of Enslaved Girl Louise from Edvige Allain to Victorine Patin, West Baton Rouge, Louisiana, 1833 August 13. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript copy of donation record of an enslaved girl around fourteen years old.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Enslaved Man Slum(?) from Zachariah Sherley, Jefferson County, Kentucky, to A. Goza, Mississippi, 1834. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript bill of sale of an enslaved man around 26 years old.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Property from Colas Mandeville to Rosemond Fagot, St. Bernard Parish, Louisiana, 1826 July 17. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript copy made in 1832 of a 1826 document (in French), wherein Colas Mandeville, a free black person ("nègre libre"), sold property to Rosemond Fagot for 1400 piastres. The property adjoined the land of Eulalie Mandeville, one of the wealthiest free women of color in New Orleans. Signed by Charles Fagot (judge).

Physical Description

1 folder

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Land Transfer from Elizabeth Crozier Fabre to Joseph Paul Fabre, St. James Parish, Louisiana, 1828. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript copy (no. 37) of document (in French) regarding a land transfer involving a sugar plantation, livestock, and forty-seven enslaved persons, including their names, ages, and birthplaces.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Affidavit Concerning Enslaved Persons, Assumption Parish, Louisiana, 1834. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript affidavit (in French) on behalf of La Banque des Citoyens de la Louisiane, concerning enslaved persons on the property of Dr. Joseph Martin.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Mortgage in Favor of La Banque des Citoyens de la Louisiane, St. James Parish, Louisiana, 1834. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript copy (in French) of mortgage in the amount of 60,000 dollars for a sugar plantation and 37 enslaved persons, listing their names and ages. Signed by Jean Jacques Roman (judge).

Physical Description

1 folder

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Tavern Keepers Bond for George Woods and William Henry, New Orleans, Louisiana, 1834 January 1. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed bond with manuscript additions for two free men of color, George Woods and William Henry (as security), to keep a tavern at the corner of Circus and Gravier streets in New Orleans, Louisiana.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Division of Sugar Plantation Between Rodolfe Joseph Ducros and Pierre Adolphe Ducros, St. Bernard Parish, Louisiana, 1832 December 13. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript document.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Grand Jury Indictment of Louis Lazzaretti for Selling Liquor to Enslaved Persons, St. Landry Parish, Louisiana, 1826. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Indictment from the Grand Jurors of the State of Louisiana for yeoman Louis Lazzaretti, who was accused of unlawfully selling whiskey to an enslaved man named Sam. Thomas Ryan claimed injury due to "the great encouragement of idleness and dissipation."

Physical Description

1 folder

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Deed for Sale of Land from Narcisse Lemelle to Nathaniel and William Offutt, St. Landry Parish, Louisiana, 1831 September 13. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Copy of manuscript deed made in 1834 for land sold in 1831 by Narcisse Lemelle, a free man of color, regarding the same tract of land sold by Francois Lemelle to Marie Jeanne Carteronne, a free woman of color, on July 22, 1786.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Mortgage of Sugar Plantation to La Banque des Citoyens de la Louisiane, St. James Parish, Louisiana, 1836 July 27. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript mortgage (in French) of a sugar plantation and fifteen enslaved laborers, whose names and ages are listed on the second page. Signed by Lewis M. Taney (judge).

Physical Description

1 folder

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Mortgage of Le Breton Land and Enslaved Persons in Favor of La Banque des Citoyens de la Louisiane, Jefferson Parish, Louisiana, 1838 June 9. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed and manuscript document (in French) mortgaging land and eleven enslaved persons and a child of eighteen months, listing their names and ages.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Mortgage of Twenty-Six Enslaved Persons, Louisiana, 1839 February 9. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript document mortgaging 26 enslaved persons, listing their names and ages.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Certificate of Mortgages, East Feliciana Parish, Louisiana, 1837 July 22. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript document listing mortgages from the 1820s and 1830s for which there were records in the office of the parish judge.

Physical Description

1 folder

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W.L. Cockerilee Letters to the City Bank of New Orleans at Natchitoches, Louisiana, 1842. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Two manuscript letters regarding mortgages and debts with the bank, which mentions enslaved workers who were mortgaged.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Receipt for Labor of Enslaved Workers on West Feliciana Railroad, Woodville, Mississippi, 1844 June 12. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript receipt for 160 dollars.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill for Advertisement of Enslaved Persons for Sale, 1850 December 12. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript bill from Mr. Julius A. Johnson.

Physical Description

1 folder

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John A. Brander Letters to Messieurs Baird, Calhoun and Co., New Orleans, Louisiana, 1846 February 19-March 2. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

One cover and two letters from Brander in Petersburg pertaining to the sale, description, value, shipping, and insurance of enslaved persons.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Enslaved Woman Mary Ann and Child Charles from William Henry Johnston to James McMaster, New Orleans, Louisiana, 1847 January 14-1851 March 4. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript bill of sale (1847) of an enslaved woman around twenty-six years old and her three-year-old son for 700 dollars. Also includes a related document (1851) from the Office of Mortgages in New Orleans, Louisiana, certifying that William H. Johnston had no mortgage against Mary Ann and Charles.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Statement of Ownership of Enslaved Persons by Arthur M. Foley, Assumption Parish, Louisiana, 1837 August 10. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript statement by Foley's neighbors attesting to his ownership of twelve enslaved persons, mentioning a mortgage Foley held with the Citizens Bank of Louisiana.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Enslaved Man Wilford from Hiram J. Grove to N.B. Riddle, Parish of West Feliciana, Louisiana, 1836 January 15. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript bill of sale of an enslaved man around twenty-six years old for 1000 dollars. The bill notes, "it is understood that the sale is made whilst a warrant is out against said slave for his apprehension - and that this vendor sels him under that disadvantage at the risk of the vendee."

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Enslaved Man George from A.R. Wynne to Leroy Royster, Sumner County, Tennessee, 1837-1839 September 2. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript bill of sale of an enslaved man around thirty-eight years old for 526 dollars.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Richard Charles Downes Mortgage and Appraisal of True Hope Sugar Plantation, Iberville Parish, Louisiana, 1854 January-1856 December. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Includes a manuscript document (1854) addressed to the President and Directors of the Citizens Bank of Louisiana, mortgaging the True Hope plantation, along with enslaved laborers, to the bank for 54,970 dollars, with a hand-drawn map of the plantation; also a printed and manuscript appraisers certificate and oath (1856) requested by Mrs. Richard Charles Downes, assigning the property the same value.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Letter from General Superintendent of Negro Labor, New Orleans, Louisiana, Returning Two Enslaved Men, 1863 April 20. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed form letter with manuscript notes from General Superintendent of Negro Labor George H. Hanks to Mr. E Gay(?), authorizing two enslaved men "to return to their homes, with the understanding that they will be kindly treated." A handwritten addition at the bottom asks the recipient to "receive them kindly and forget their error" in leaving "home."

Physical Description

1 folder

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Office of Chief Quartermaster, District of Western Louisiana, Document Concerning Impressment of Enslaved Workers into Army, 1863. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript document regarding compensation for the labor of enslaved workers who were impressed into the Army by the government.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Johnson and Gassett Plantation List of Wages to be Paid to Freedman Laborers, Louisiana, 1864 April 27. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript document containing a "list of hands to be paid," which lists names, wages, and class (1st, 2nd, 3rd, or 4th) of freedmen laborers, whose wages amounted to a total of 152 dollars for labor during the period from March 15 to April 15, 1864.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Thomas M. Gatlin Loyalty Oath to the Constitution of the United States, New Orleans, Louisiana, 1865 August 17. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed document with manuscript signatures. An example of the loyalty oaths that were a part of Abraham Lincoln's "ten percent plan" for the reinstatement of the Southern states following the American Civil War and emancipation.

Physical Description

1 folder

Plantation Labor Contract, Iberville Parish, Louisiana, 1868 February 29. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed labor contract filled in by hand, specifying payment, labor conditions, and room and board. A manuscript list of workers' names is appended to the bottom of the contract.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Board of Education for Freedmen Tax Document for A.E. Crane, St. James Parish, Louisiana, 1866 March 28. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed document filled in by hand, for 22.50 dollars in taxes for the year 1865 on 404 acres of property valued at 15,000 dollars.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Account of Estate of D. W. McGill to Charles A. Ashlin, Louisiana, 1864 May 16-September 24. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript list.

Physical Description

1 folder

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R.O. Daigne Letter Concerning the Use of "Coolies" from Cuba for Plantation Labor, Louisiana, 1867 March 22. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript letter introducing a Mr. G.E. Sallis, who was visiting Louisiana to introduce "Coollies" from Cuba as "a laboring class for our Planters." The letter likely refers to indentured workers from South China or India.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill from Bureau of Free Labor, New Orleans, Louisiana, to Dr. L. Lacroix for Pay Due to Dick Marshall, 1864 October 6. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed bill filled in by hand requiring that a Dr. L. Lacroix pay sixteen dollars owed to freeman Dick Marshall. A handwritten note indicates that the bill was paid on November 21, 1864.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bills for Carpentry Work Done on Plantation by Free Men of Color, Louisiana, 1857 April 21-24. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Two manuscript bills, each for 75 dollars, for work done by free men of color, including André Fontenette and another man (name illegible), on a Louisiana plantation. Both bills are marked "paid."

Physical Description

1 folder

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African American Workers from State of North Carolina Labor Contract with David Barrow, Iberville Parish, Louisiana, 1867 February 14. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed contact with handwritten additions between African American workers from North Carolina and a Louisiana plantation owner, which includes a list of the names of 130 men, women, and their children, along with their age, sex, and the monthly rate of pay for each person. An "X" next to each name comprises the signature of each of the workers. The contract spans the period from February 20 to December 25, 1867, and specifies expectations for payment, labor conditions, and room and board.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Letter to Daniel Turnbull, Desoto Plantation, Louisiana, 1857 September 20. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript letter from a P.(?) Freeman regarding shoes.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Letter Regarding Supplies, New Orleans, Louisiana, 1855 May 30. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript letter (in French) regarding supplies, which mentions enslaved laborers.

Physical Description

1 folder

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French Pamphlets Concerning Emancipation and Changes in Code Noir in French Colonies, 1843-1847. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Consists of six booklets (in French) billed as public letters, observations, addresses, and guides for theory and practice, relating to emancipation and related changes to France's Code Noir as it pertains to French colonies in the Antilles, Martinique, and Senegal.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Pennsylvania Republican Party Circular Condemning African Slave Trade, circa 1860. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed circular.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Maps and Lithographs of Sites in Monrovia and Cape Palmas, Liberia (33rd Congress Executive Documents), 1853-1854. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Two large (folded) maps of Liberia, "Liberia" and "Maryland in Liberia," along with four sheets of paper containing five lithographs by Wagner and McGuigan that were a part of the "W. F. Lynch Report of Mission to Africa," Senate Executive Documents, 1st Session, 33rd Congress, Part 3, Vol. 1, Doc. 1. Lithographs depict Monrovia from Bushrod's Island, Cape Palmas; an Episcopal Mission near Cape Palmas; President Robert's House, Monrovia; Russwurm's Monument, Cape Palmas; and people on the beach at Cape Palmas.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Caricatures of Black Louisianians Reproduced from the Louisiana Almanac, 1865. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Reproductions of three illustrations depicting caricatures of freedmen and freedwomen in Louisiana, titled "Yankee divertissant ses amis les mulâtre et les nègres," "L'aristocratie en 1966," and "Education figurée par le maître d'École des Affranchis."

Physical Description

1 folder

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Receipt from Jail of West Feliciana, Louisiana, to Mrs. E. B. Lyons for the Arrest of Enslaved Person Celeste, 1847 July 16. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Receipt of 16 dollars from the jail for the arrest of an enslaved person. The bill notes "mileage" as 6 miles and indicates that Celeste was jailed for one day.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Hospital Receipt for Medical Treatment of Enslaved Person, New Orleans, Louisiana, 1864 July 28. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed receipt, filled in by hand, of 50 dollars paid to the Infirmary of the Sisters of Charity for the medical treatment of an enslaved person.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Doctor's Bill for Mrs. Mary C. Moore, 1849 March 26. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript bill of 35 dollars for the treatment of enslaved persons or indentured servants.

Physical Description

1 folder

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United States Army Discharge of Allen Rogers, an African American Civil War Soldier from Louisiana, 1866 April 23. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed document, filled in by hand, discharging Allen Rogers from his three-year service as a sergeant in Captain Frank D. Harding's Company C, 99th Regiment of the United States Colored Infantry. The document was issued by Frank D. Harding at Tallahassee, Florida.

Physical Description

1 folder

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The Diary, or, Woodfall's Register, Great Britain, 1792 April 6. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Includes an original copy of an issue of the publication, along with a photocopy of the front page, with an article announcing a parliamentary debate over the gradual abolition of the trade of enslaved persons.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Certification of Mortgage for Leandre Roy, Avoyelles Parish, Louisiana, 1858 May 28. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript document certifying that Roy held no mortgage affecting an enslaved man of around thirty-five years old named Nat.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Certification of Mortgage for François de St. Aubin, Assumption Parish, Louisiana, 1837 August 10. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript document regarding the mortgage status of land and enslaved persons.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Tax Documents, St. John the Baptist and St. James Parishes, Louisiana, 1827-1840. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Nine printed documents filled in by hand.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Tax Documents, New Orleans, Louisiana, 1860-1862. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Two printed documents filled in by hand.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Requests of Payment, New Orleans, Louisiana, 1779-1780. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Two manuscript documents.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Enslaved Woman Peg from Abraham Bancker to Susan Ayerigg, County of Richmond, New York, 1803 December 13. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Bill of sale of an enslaved woman of around eighteen years of age for 175 dollars on Staten Island.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Enslaved Man Tom from Rachel Bogard, Bergen County, New Jersey, to Cornelius Halderom, New York, 1786 July 3. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Bill of sale of an enslaved man of around forty years of age for 62 pounds and ten shillings.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Enslaved Man Primus from Jacobus Aljee, Bergen County, New Jersey, to Joseph Blauvelt, Orange County, New York, 1795 April 8-1796 January 28. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Bill of sale of an enslaved man for 100 pounds. Two bills, one on each side of the document.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Enslaved Man Peter by James McHatton, East Baton Rouge, in New Orleans, Louisiana, 1852 July 14. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Bill of sale of an enslaved man around twenty-four years old for 940 dollars.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Enslaved Man Benjamin from Jenkin E. Davis, Saint Tammany Parish, to Thomas Thompson, Saint Helena Parish, Louisiana, 1848 June 15. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Bill of sale of an enslaved man around twenty-nine years old for 450 dollars.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Affirmation of Free Status of Matthew Thompson, New Orleans, Louisiana, 1822 September 25. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript document attesting to the free status of an African American man from New York who was falsely claimed as an enslaved person. In addition to Matthew Thompson's own statement, William Hendricks and George Smith also attest to Thompson's free status.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Summons for Court Appearance in Queens County, New York, 1797 June 5. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript court summons commanding the appearance of ten people, seven of whom are African American, in a case involving an African American man named Michael Jackson.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Enslaved Man Easter and Child George, from John H. Bryan to David Hickman, Boone County, Missouri, 1842 July 25. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Bill of sale for a four-sevenths share of an enslaved nineteen-year-old man and his ten-month-old son for 400 dollars.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Court Summons for Henry Baldwin to Testify for Plaintiff Samuel Wright in Case against African American Defendant, Queens County, New York, 1794 October 17. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript summons commanding that Baldwin appear in court to testify in favor of the plaintiff in a case against an African American man.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Testimonies in "Elliott v. Negro George" Case, New York, 1783 August 18-19. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Four manuscript testimonies by Obadiah Johnston of New York City, Richard Bailey of Virginia, Rose Elliott (wife of William Elliott), and George Turner of Virginia, regarding a dispute over an African American man named George whom William Elliott of Virginia accused of running away and claimed to own.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Repossession and Public Auction of Enslaved Woman Dinah, Daughter Dolley, and Girl Amoritta, Orangeburg, South Carolina, 1825 December 5. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed document filled in by hand describing repossession and sale at public auction for 825 dollars of an enslaved woman, her daughter, and another girl, who were levied from Jacob Wolfe by the local sheriff's office.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Court Testimony Accusing Runaway Enslaved Man of Stealing Goods and Money from Employers in Virginia and Louisiana, 1816 June 17. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript court testimony from a Mr. Pickett and Mr. John Trimmell claiming that an enslaved man named Jack, alias Sam, had stolen gloves and a hat from William Bishop in Norfolk, Virginia, and money from a boat in New Orleans, Louisiana.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Four Enslaved Persons from John and Barbara Burton to Elizabeth Amacker Womack, St. Helena Parish, Louisiana, 1848 February 12. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript bill of sale of an enslaved man named Nelson (age 33), a woman named Cherry (age 22), and her children, Harriett (age 2), and Ben (infant).

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Enslaved Family from Absolom Pennington, St. Helena Parish, to Morgan Morgan, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, 1838 February 22. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript bill of sale of an enslaved family, including a couple named Bob and Phillis and their four children, Jolene, Sal, Bob, and Catherine, for 3000 dollars.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Enslaved Man Dennis from Mary Ann Tate, Pike County, Mississippi, to Wade H. Varnadere, St. Helena Parish, Louisiana, 1856 August 9. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript bill of sale of an enslaved nineteen-year-old man named Dennis, for 783 dollars.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Affidavit of Ownership in the Matter of Shipping Enslaved Man Edwin from New Orleans, Louisiana, to Virginia, 1824. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript affidavit attesting to ownership of Edwin by Dr. William Stith(?), deceased, indicating that Edwin should be transported by sea to the deceased's mother near Petersburg, Virginia.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Donation of Enslaved Boy Miles from William Dennis, Jr. to E. B. Dennis, St. Helena Parish, Louisiana, 1849 October 25. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript bill of donation of an enslaved fourteen-year-old boy from a father to his son.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Enslaved Man Abe from James McHatton, East Baton Rouge, Louisiana, to Benjamin Roach, Mississippi, 1852 February 12. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript bill of sale, conducted in New Orleans, of an enslaved man around twenty-four years old.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Fourteen Enslaved Persons from John Griffith Estate to Benjamin Roach, Natchez, Mississippi, 1854 March 9. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript bill of sale, conducted by Griffith's executor, of 14 enslaved persons for 10,750 dollars.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Plantation from John Navy to Joseph Hebert, Iberville Parish, Louisiana, 1833 December 5. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript bill of sale of a plantation, along with livestock, tools, and two enslaved persons, Baptiste (age 21) and Rosalie (age 20).

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of an Enslaved Woman Lucy from James Henry Brown, Jackson County, Texas, to Richard C. Lawless, Assumption Parish, Louisiana, 1838. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript bill of sale of a thirty-year-old enslaved woman for 850 dollars.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Mortgage and Receipt for Transfer of Three Enslaved Persons from Jacques Arnandez to Marie Boudreau, Iberville Parish, Louisiana, 1834 April 7. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Notarized manuscript document and receipt regarding the settlement of a debt to Boudreau, the widow of Amant Hebert, through the mortgage of three enslaved women and girls, Selvina (age 20), Caroline (age 15), and another girl (age 14).

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Mortgage and Receipt for Transfer of Six Enslaved Persons from John F. Brown, South Carolina, to E.G.W. Butter, Iberville Parish, Louisiana, 1834 May 17. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Notarized manuscript document and receipt regarding the mortgage of six enslaved persons, including Daniel (age 28), Hector (age 35), Anthony (age 15), Grace (age 50), Lydy (age 30) and Lydy's child Bynah (age 3) for 1000 dollars.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Enslaved Man Daniel from Raphael Landry, to Laurent Broussard, West Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana, 1840 June 2. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript bill of sale, notarized in Iberville Parish, of an enslaved man around thirty-seven years old for 800 dollars.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Last Will and Testament of James Badland Freeing Josephine of Diamond Estate, Diego Martin, Trinidad, 1829 July 27. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript will distributing property, as well as freeing and leaving money to an enslaved woman named Josephine, who is described as "mulatto," as well as her children.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Manifest for Transportation of Enslaved Woman Clara from the Port of New York to the Port of Savannah, Georgia, 1855 October 3. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed manifest filled in by hand documenting the transportation of a forty-year-old woman enslaved by Charles D. Ludlow aboard the steamer Knoxville.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Auctioneer's Recapitulation of Sale of Enslaved Persons by Francis D., Constantina, and Susan Quash, South Carolina, 1853. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Three manuscript lists of enslaved persons sold at auction by Thomas Bryan for members of the Quash family, for a total of 46,480 dollars.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Inventory and Appraisal of Property and Enslaved Persons on the James Wright Estate, Lincoln County, Kentucky, 1783. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript list of property, goods, livestock, and enslaved persons.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Enslaved Persons from H.B. Armstrong, H.H. Simons, and Mary Drayton Armstrong to Sarah Clement, Charleston, South Carolina, 1826 March 8. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed bill of sale filled in by hand of three enslaved persons named Machandia(?), Maty, and Betty for 1090 dollars.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Receipt for Payment from Bruin and Hill to E.H. Simmons for Enslaved Man Thaddius and Woman Charlotte, 1849 August 8. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Two printed receipts on the same page, filled in by hand, for 390 and 250 dollars.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Receipt for Payment from Salmon and Bledsoe to E.H. Stokes for Enslaved Man Daniel, Richmond, Virginia, 1863 July 10. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed receipt filled in by hand for 2250 dollars.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Receipt for Payment from James Austen to Richard Penn for Enslaved Woman Betsy and her Child, 1822 June 14. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript receipt for sale of enslaved eighteen-year-old woman and her four-month-old child for 350 dollars.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Receipt for Payment from Thomas Evance for Enslaved Girl, 1766 April 28. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript receipt for 160 pounds.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Manumissions of Robert and Julius Cesar by Richard Potts, Burlington County, New Jersey, 1794 January 20. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Two manuscript documents concerning the manumission of enslaved persons.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Documents Attesting to Free Status of Mary Medad and Samuel M. Harrington, Kent County at Dover, Delaware, 1857 January 1-1858 January 1. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

One sheet of paper, with a manuscript statement on each side, attesting to the free status of two free African American people.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Deed of Trust from William H. White to Jacob and Moses Payne, Columbia, Missouri, 1832 November 12-28. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript document regarding property, livestock, and enslaved persons owned by Richard Samuel in Boone County.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Enslaved Man Luke from Henry Clark to Peter Hickman, Montgomery County, Missouri, 1836 April 11. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript bill of sale of an enslaved man around twenty-two years old for 750 dollars.

Physical Description

1 folder

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H.S. Fox Letter to the Office of Secretary of State John Forsyth, Regarding the Removal of an Enslaved Person, Washington, D.C., 1835 May 26. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript copy of a letter from a British official concerning the removal of an enslaved person from the family of Charles Bankhead, British Secretary of Legation, by Constable Madison Jeffers. This conflict resulted in a federal legal case, United States v. Jeffers.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Emanuel Smith Testimony on Manumission of Charles Dorsey by Mary Smith, Frederick County, Maryland, 1830 May 12. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript document attesting to the free status of a formerly enslaved man.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Indenture of Apprenticeship of Henry Matthews to John Bartlett Mansfield, Ship Builder, Great Britain, 1864 October 26. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed document with manuscript additions. While the indenture was for a period of seven years, a note on the reverse side indicates that it was cancelled in 1867.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Deed of Gift of Enslaved Woman Clarissa from Mary E. Thompson to Sarah Thompson, Bertie County, North Carolina, 1848. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript deed of gift.

Physical Description

1 folder

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W.W. Trapier and James Smith Contract Concerning Use of Enslaved Workers, Georgetown District, South Carolina, 1830 January 1. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript memorandum of agreement regarding the use of enslaved workers from the estate of Samuel Smith.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Enslaved Woman Mariah from P. Higgs, I. Hoge, and John Goshorn and Co. to Sobieski Brady, Virginia, 1843 May 15. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript bill of sale of an enslaved woman for 300 dollars.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Indenture of Apprenticeship of George M. Storms to Peter M. Demarest, Blacksmith, Rockland County, New York, 1828 April 28. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed contract filled in by hand for a four-year apprenticeship.

Physical Description

1 folder

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K. Macaulay Receipt for Payment on Account of Expenses of Captured Africans, Sierra Leone, 1813 April 6. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript receipt for four hundred pounds received from the "public accountant."

Physical Description

1 folder

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Physical Description

1 box

John Armfield and William E. Florence Affidavit Claiming Fifty-Five Persons as Legally Enslaved, Port of Alexandra, Virginia, 1834 January 4. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript affidavit (2 pages) claiming that fifty-five enslaved persons had not been imported after 1808 and were thus legally enslaved, along with a list of persons claimed, including their names (first and last), ages, height, complexion, and remarks.

Physical Description

1 folder

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John Armfield Partial Inventory of 128 Enslaved Persons, New Orleans, Louisiana, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Consists of a partial list of 128 enslaved persons, including names (sometimes both first and last names), age, height, and complexion. The list is incomplete and begins at no. 44.

Physical Description

1 folder

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John Armfield Inventory of 113 Enslaved Persons Shipped to Isaac Franklin in New Orleans, Port of Alexandria, Virginia, 1833 November 30. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Consists of a list of 102 enslaved persons, including first and last names, age, height, and complexion, as well as a letter on the reverse side stating that these persons were not imported. A second page includes a list of an additional 11 enslaved persons (numbered 103-113), which was likely appended.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Enslaved Boy Greenock from Mark Revis to James H. Bennett, Boone County, Missouri, 1826 February 29. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript bill of sale of a seven-year-old boy for 175 dollars.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Release of Inheritance to Free Man of Color Jean, Fort-Royal, Martinique, 1799 July 22. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript document and receipt releasing 6,000 livres, part of a 10,000-livre inheritance left to a free man of color named "Jean" by the widow Papin L'Épine.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Enslaved Man Anthony to Andrew M. Laren, Lauderdale County, Alabama, circa 1831 January 29. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript bill of sale of enslaved man around nineteen or twenty years old for 850 dollars. Date may be 1851.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Deed for Sale of Property from Willis Hicks to Moses W. Payne, Boone County, Missouri, 1831 April 26. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript deed describing the sale of land, animals, and an enslaved twelve-year-old girl named Eliza.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Allison Owen Letter to Governor Robert P. Dunlap of Maine Regarding Condition of Enslaved Persons and Freedmen, 1836 January 27. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript letter from anti-abolitionist Allison Owen in Cincinnati, Ohio, to Governor Dunlap in Brunswick, Maine, in which Owen attempts to justify his cause by claiming that enslaved persons are treated better than free men of color. Owen notes that a similar letter was sent to governors of all states on behalf of the officers of an anti-abolition town meeting held in Cincinnati on January 22nd, 1836.

Physical Description

1 folder

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List of Sales of Enslaved Persons from the Estate of Emanuel Ebersole, undated. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript copy of document listing enslaved persons sold by the estate.

Physical Description

1 folder

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William Roth Jr. Letter to Nathaniel Freeman, New Bedford Massachusetts, Requesting Assistance for Unlawfully Enslaved Woman, 1791 April 11. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript letter requesting legal assistance for a black woman who was unlawfully enslaved and sold in the West Indies.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Enslaved Woman Darkey and Girl Adaline from D.F. Hall to Robert S. Gracey, Russell County, Alabama, 1838 November 14. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript bill of sale of a woman and a fourteen-year-old girl for 975 dollars.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Five Enslaved Persons from Mary Brooks Wadlington to R.R. Nance, Newberry, South Carolina, 1829 March 4. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript bill of sale of five enslaved persons, including Primus (age 22), Cherry (age 20) and her child Gaston (age 9 months), Hannah (age 13), and Simon (age 12). Purchase was made in trust for Dorothy A. Edmonds.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Enslaved Woman Dolly and Her Four Children, from H. Marshall to James Austin, Virginia, 1822 November 6. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript bill of sale of an enslaved woman and her four children, Nelly, Aaron, Laurence, and Agnes, for 600 dollars.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Enslaved Girl Lucinda from Samuel Hicks to A. Sayre, Lexington, Kentucky, 1830 January 25. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript bill of sale of an enslaved thirteen-year-old girl.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Enslaved Man Austin from Isaac Sam(?) to John Kirkland, Randolph County, North Carolina, 1839 November 25. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript bill of sale of an enslaved man around twenty-eight years old.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Report of Sale of Enslaved Man Aaron and Woman Tabby from William M. Simmons Estate, Sumter County, Alabama, 1864 January 4. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript report of sale of enslaved man Aaron to J.A. Abrahams for 3600 dollars and woman Tabby to E. A. Mallard(?) for 600 dollars.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Three Enslaved Men from the John C. McGrew Estate, Sumter County, Alabama, 1858 January 4. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Manuscript bill of sale of three enslaved men, including Peter to John E. Cusack, Wesley to James Nair, and Jack to Mrs. Cabell McGrew.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Reports of Sale of Six Enslaved Persons from the Martha H. Odom Estate, Washington County, Alabama, 1860 March 6. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Two manuscript reports of the sale of enslaved persons at auction from the estate of Martha H. Odom, including one regarding the sale of an enslaved girl Judy (age 12) for 700 dollars and another regarding the sale of an enslaved family including Bob (age 59), Seney (age 47), Charles (age 11), Hannah (age 8), and Nancy (age 4) to Thomas Wainwright for 3100 dollars.

Physical Description

1 folder

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Bill of Sale of Enslaved Woman Mary from James Seaborn Womack to John Jackson Bridges, St. Helena Parish, Louisiana, 1856 January 14. 1 folder.
Scope and Contents

Printed bill of sale filled in by hand of an enslaved woman around forty-five years old for 150 dollars.

Physical Description

1 folder

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