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New Jersey Documents Collection

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Held at: Princeton University Library: Manuscripts Division [Contact Us]

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the Princeton University Library: Manuscripts Division. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Overview and metadata sections

The New Jersey Documents Collections, 1601 to 1983, consists of New Jersey legal documents, the bulk of which are from the town of Westfield, Union County, with the earliest documents showing Westfield as part of Essex County. In addition to Westfield, areas represented include Rahway and Plainfield in Union County; Woodbridge and Newark in Essex County; Hunterdon, Middlesex, Monmouth, and Somerset counties; New York City and Suffolk County in New York; Wabash County in Illinois; and Fairfield County in Connecticut. The majority of the collection material dates from 1750 to 1890 and contains deeds, indentures, and land surveys; financial records including accounts, promissory notes, and receipts; estate records including inventories and wills; Chancery, Pleas and N.J. Supreme Court records; and an arithmetic "cyphering" book. The names most frequently represented on these documents include various members of the Baker, Downer, Hetfield, Johnson, Miller, Pierson, Ripley, Ross, and Woodruff families, many of whom were connected to each other by marriage and business.

In 1839, the Reverend James Huntting, pastor of the Westfield Presbyterian Church, wrote that Westfield parish was settled about the year 1720. He listed these families among the early settlers: Acken, Badgley, Baker, Brooks, Bryant, Clark, Connet, Cory, Craig, Crane, Davis, Denman, Dunham, Frazee, Frost, Hendricks, Hetfield, High, Hinds (Haines), Hole, Jennings (Gennings), Lambert, Littell, Ludlum (Ludlow), Marsh, Meeker, Miller, Mills, Pierson, Robinson, Ross, Scudder, Spinnage (Spinning), Terry, Tucker, Willcox, Williams, Woodruff, and Yeomans. While not all of these family names are represented in the container list of the finding aid, it is important to note that almost all of them are represented within the collection.

The collection is arranged alphabetically by family name; followed by groups of records that are either unidentified or the family name appears only once in the collection. Deeds and indentures are sorted by the recipient of the land or loan; therefore, multiple families will appear in a single folder, even though they are not identified. For example, records of Pierson family members are represented most heavily in the Pierson family folders, but will also appear in the Baker, Ross, and Woodruff folders, in addition to the miscellaneous deeds and indentures folder, in which case they were the seller or loaner rather than the recipient of land.

Items of note include a brief of legal disbarment against Edward C. Ripley, divorce records for Eleanor and Cornelius Fleet circa 1793, estate inventories, and survey maps of the Westfield, New Jersey region. Also of note is the folder entitled "Miscellaneous Westfield and Union County Records," which includes a hand-drawn map of the railroad in the village of Westfield; lists of roads from Westfield; a list of proprietors of the Westfield Academy; and commitments to the Essex County Jail from Union County, containing name, crime committed, ethnicity, age, hometown, and sentence. Researchers interested in the history of Westfield, New Jersey and its early residents, legal records of early New Jersey, and the land transfers and evolution of property in Westfield will find this collection of great value.

Arranged alphabetically by name of family or individual name; followed by miscellaneous documents.

The majority of the collection was formed as a result of a Departmental practice of combining into one collection material of various accessions relating to a particular person, family, or subject. Some of the materials related to the Scudder family were a gift from the Estate of Richard B. Scudder, 2013.

For preservation reasons, original analog and digital media may not be read or played back in the reading room. Users may visually inspect physical media but may not remove it from its enclosure. All analog audiovisual media must be digitized to preservation-quality standards prior to use. Audiovisual digitization requests are processed by an approved third-party vendor. Please note, the transfer time required can be as little as several weeks to as long as several months and there may be financial costs associated with the process. Requests should be directed through the Ask Us Form.

This collection was processed by Holly Mengel in 2012. Finding aid written by Holly Mengel in 2012.

No material was separated during 2012 processing.

Publisher
Manuscripts Division
Finding Aid Date
2012
Access Restrictions

The collection is open for research.

Use Restrictions

Single copies may be made for research purposes. To cite or publish quotations that fall within Fair Use, as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission is required. For instances beyond Fair Use, it is the responsibility of the researcher to determine whether any permissions related to copyright, privacy, publicity, or any other rights are necessary for their intended use of the Library's materials, and to obtain all required permissions from any existing rights holders, if they have not already done so. Princeton University Library's Special Collections does not charge any permission or use fees for the publication of images of materials from our collections, nor does it require researchers to obtain its permission for said use. The department does request that its collections be properly cited and images credited. More detailed information can be found on the Copyright, Credit and Citations Guidelines page on our website. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact us through the Ask Us! form.

Collection Inventory

Baker, Jonathan: Deeds, Estate Records, and Receipt, 1791-1847. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Baker Family (Hannah, Jacob, James, Margaret, Nathan and William): Deeds, Survey, and Tax Receipts, 1773-1887. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Ball Family (Aaron and Joseph): Deeds, Promissory Notes, and Receipts, 1785-1800. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Baynan, Thomas: Surveys, undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Bennett Family (Lawrence and William): Court Records and Receipts, 1771-1783. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Brown, Jesse E.: Deeds, 1852. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Clark Family (Addison, Amos, Charles, Ezekiel, Jesse, John, Mathias, Samuel, and Thomas): Deeds, Estate Records, Surveys, and Tax Records, 1785-1885. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Coe, Philemon: Surveys, 1855-1858. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Connet Family (Benjamin and David): Deed and Survey, circa 1797. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Corey Family (Benjamin, Joseph, and Margaret): Deeds and Surveys, 1854-1857. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Crane Family (Electra, John, Josiah, and Noah): Accounts, Deeds, and Surveys, 1802-1856. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Davis, George: Promissory Note and Survey, circa 1795. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Downer, Samuel: Court Record, Deeds, and Surveys, 1780s-1803. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Drummond, Malford: Estate Record and Survey, 1852. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Dunham Family (Azariah, John, and Sarah): Accounts, Deeds, and Estate Records, 1775-1843. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Enders, John: Deed, Estate Records, and Survey, 1852-1853. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Fisher, [Lewis]: Accounts and Court Record, 1775-1793. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Fleet, Eleanor and Cornelius: Court Records regarding Divorce, circa 1793. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Forman, D.: Court Records, 1792. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Hankinson, Kenneth: Collector Accounts for Monmouth County, 1781-1791. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Harris Family (James and Rachel): Deeds, 1796-1797. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Hetfield Family (Aaron, David, and Ezra): Agreements and Deeds, 1801-1804. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Hole, John: Deeds, 1785. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Johnson Family (Jacob, James, and Thomas Potts): Accounts and Court Records, 1784-1798. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Lambert Family (Isaac, James and Simeon): Receipts and Surveys, 1788-1854. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Lee, William: Deeds, 1856-1860. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Littell Family (Gershom, John, and Moses): Deeds and Note, 1798-1822. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Manning, John: Surveys, 1852. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Marsh Family (Benjamin, Charles, Christopher, George, and John): Deeds, Surveys, and Wills, 1772-1859. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Miller Family (Ann Elizabeth, Charles, Jacob, James, John, Noah, Rebecca, and William): Deeds, Estate Records, Mortgages, Surveys, and Receipts, 1790-1883. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Nevill, Samuel: Deeds, 1736-1759. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Pierson, Sylvanus: Deeds, Estate Records, and Surveys, 1802-1852. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Pierson, Theophilus: Estate Records, 1853-1861. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Pierson, William: Deeds, Estate Records, and Surveys, 1762-1855. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Pierson Family (Charles, David, Isaac, Mary, and Oliver): Deeds and Surveys, 1783-1858. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Quinby Family (Aaron, John, and Joseph): Deeds, 1804-1818. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Randolph, John: Surveys, 1783-1853. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Ripley, Chauncey B.: Church Record, Deeds, Surveys, and Tax Receipts, 1866-1891. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Ripley, Edward C.: Court Cases Against, 1882-1885. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Ripley, Edward C. and Hattie M.: Deeds, 1882. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Ross, Gideon: Estate Records and Mortgage, 1856-1867. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Ross, James: "Cyphering Book," Correspondence, and Receipts, 1789-1803. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Ross Family ([Agier], Christopher, David, George, and Moses): Court Records, Deeds, and Surveys, 1787-1853. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Scudder Family (Aaron, Abraham, Amos, Clark, Jonathan, John, Joseph, and Sarah): Deeds, Estate Records, Mortgage, and Surveys, 1749-1859. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Scudder Family (Abner, Amos, Edward W., Jasper S., John, Richard Betts, and Wallace M.): Estate Inventories, Indentures, Invitation, Military Appointment, School Notes, Print of Members of the Supreme Court of New Jersey, and Receipt for Slave, 1711-1983. 8 folders.
Scope and Contents

This group of material relates to five generations of the Trenton branch of the Scudder family. The first generation is represented by Richard Betts Scudder (1670-1754) with an appointment as lieutenant in a British company of foot soldiers in Burlington County from 1711 and two inventories relating to his Trenton estate, both dating 1754. For Richard Betts Scudder's grandsons Daniel Scudder (1736-1811) and Amos Scudder (1739-1824), there is an indenture dating 1770. Daniel Scudder's grandsons, John Scudder (1796-1840), Jasper Smith Scudder (1797-1877), and Abner Scudder (1800-1878), are represented by two indentures as well as a receipt for a slave named Samuel Conover, all dated 1825. Edward Wallace Scudder (1822-1893), son of Jasper Smith Scudder, is represented in two documents: a print of the members of the Supreme Court of the State of New Jersey in 1886 and an invitation to a World's Columbian Exposition event in 1892. Finally, the class notebooks of Wallace M. Scudder (1853-1931), son of Edward Wallace Scudder, are present in the collection and provide information regarding his training as an engineer at Lehigh University, circa 1869 to 1873, and his training as a lawyer at Harvard University from 1879 to 1881. The last items in this group of materials are a draft and final version of an article for the newsletter titled "The Scudder Association, Inc.," dating 1983. This newsletter and the drafts contain biographical information on Edward Wallace Scudder (1822-1893), Wallace McIlvaine Scudder (1853-1931), and Edward Wallace Scudder, II (1882-1953).

Physical Description

8 folders

Smith Family (Ezekiel, Francis, and [Melis]): Court Record and Deeds, 1789-1853. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Snyder, John: Court Records and Promissory Note, 1781-1794. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Squire, John: Surveys, circa 1852. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Stout, Jonathan: Accounts and Will, 1773-1810. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Swain, Noah: Deed and Surveys, 1810-1854. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Tolinan, Martin: Deeds and Estate Records, circa 1855. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Tucker, Samuel: Estate Records and Surveys, circa 1790. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Vail Family (Jacob and Robert): Surveys, 1853-1858. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Van Mater Family (Benjamin and Henry): Bill of Debt, Court Records, and Will, circa 1770s. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Van Winkle, John: Deeds and Survey, 1787-1803. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Webb, John: Deeds, 1753. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Whitlock, James: Court Records, circa 1793. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

William Family (Abraham, Clark, John, and Solomon): Accounts, Deed, and Article of Vendue, 1852-1857. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Woodruff Family (Benjamin, Ephraim, Noah, and Thomas): Quit Claim, Surveys, and Wills, 1771-1856. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Wright, Jonathan: Court Records, 1795-1796. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Miscellaneous Accounts, 1780-1796. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Materials Viewable Online
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Miscellaneous Blank Forms, circa 1800s. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Miscellaneous Court Records: Chancery Court, 1765-1789. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Miscellaneous Court Records: Courts of Common Pleas for Essex, Hunterdon, Middlesex, Monmouth, and Somerset Counties, 1747-1795. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Miscellaneous Court Records: Middlesex Council, 1782-1793. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Miscellaneous Court Records: New Jersey Supreme Court, 1750-1792. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Miscellaneous Court Records, 1744-1809. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Miscellaneous Deeds and Indentures, 1693-1857. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Miscellaneous Estate Records (Including Inventories and Wills), 1754-1791. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Miscellaneous Receipts and Promissory Notes, 1601-1885. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Miscellaneous Surveys and Maps, 1755-1859. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Materials Viewable Online
  1. View digital content
Miscellaneous Surveys and Maps of Westfield, New Jersey, undated. 2 folders.
Physical Description

2 folders

Miscellaneous Westfield and Union County Records (Includes Information regarding Westfield Academy, Jails, Roads, and Railroad Maps), 1790-1858. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Miscellaneous W.P.A. Survey of State and Local Historical Records dating from 1810 to 1858, 1936. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Print, Suggest