Main content

Sidney P. Clay Family Collection

Notifications

Held at: Princeton University Library: Manuscripts Division [Contact Us]

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the Princeton University Library: Manuscripts Division. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Overview and metadata sections

Clay, Sidney P. (Sidney Payne), 1800-1834.

Sidney P. Clay was born in Madison County, Kentucky, in 1800. He attended but did not graduate from the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University) in 1821. In 1822, he married Nancy B. Keen, with whom he had one daughter, and they moved to Bourbon County. She died shortly thereafter, and he remarried Isabella E.J. Reed, with whom he had four children, Sidney R. G. Isabella E., Elias D., and Green. Sidney Clay died in 1834.

Henry Clay was an American statesman and orator who represented Kentucky in both the House of Representatives and Senate. He was a dominant figure in both the First and Second Party System and the founder and leader of the Whig Party. Henry Clay was also a leading advocate of programs for modernizing the economy, especially tariffs to protect industry, a national bank, and internal improvements to promote canals, ports and railroads. Clay was a war hawk and, and was very much responsible for the War of 1812. Although his multiple attempts to become president were unsuccessful, to a large extent Clay defined the issues of the Second Party System. He was a major supporter of the mercantile American System, and had success in brokering compromises on the slavery issue, especially in 1820 and 1850.

The collection consists of correspondence, documents, pamphlets, and other miscellaneous material of Sidney Clay and his family, as well as some correspondence of the Reed family. There is correspondence between Sidney Clay and his father, General Green Clay, and his mother, Sally Clay, written while he was a student at St. Thomas's College in Springfield, N.Y., (1817), and at Princeton (1818-1820), as well as correspondence with his brothers and sister Cassius, Brutus, and Paulina, and his famous cousin, Henry Clay. There are letters of Sidney Clay written in Kentucky to his second wife, Isabella Reed Clay, as well as Reed family letters. Also included in the collection are wills and correspondence with other relatives and friends. In addition, there are typescripts of a large number of the original letters and a typescript containing selections from Sidney Clay's correspondence with editorial comments by his great grandson, Clay Judson. There is a letter from Henry Clay to General Green requesting a letter of recommendation for Clay's son to be given to Rev. John Witherspoon at the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University.) Another letter is to Albert Baldwin Dod, a professor at the College of New Jersey, with an introductory letter for Clay's son. Other correspondents of Henry Clay include J. D. Hammond, J. G. Rowland, and John Scott.

Among the documents are 1818 circulars of Harvard and Princeton, describing the respective courses of study and expenses at these educational institutions, and a large broadside (1818) catalog of the officers and students of Princeton on which someone (Clay?) has identified the members of the Whig and Cliosophic Societies.

Gift of Alice Clay Judson Ryerson.

For preservation reasons, original analog and digital media may not be read or played back in the reading room. Users may visually inspect physical media but may not remove it from its enclosure. All analog audiovisual media must be digitized to preservation-quality standards prior to use. Audiovisual digitization requests are processed by an approved third-party vendor. Please note, the transfer time required can be as little as several weeks to as long as several months and there may be financial costs associated with the process. Requests should be directed through the Ask Us Form.

Biography written by Jessica Marati, '08. Additions to the collection, and biography of Henry Clay written by and Dina Britain.

No appraisal information is available.

Publisher
Manuscripts Division
Finding Aid Date
2002
Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research use.

Use Restrictions

Single copies may be made for research purposes. To cite or publish quotations that fall within Fair Use, as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission is required. For instances beyond Fair Use, it is the responsibility of the researcher to determine whether any permissions related to copyright, privacy, publicity, or any other rights are necessary for their intended use of the Library's materials, and to obtain all required permissions from any existing rights holders, if they have not already done so. Princeton University Library's Special Collections does not charge any permission or use fees for the publication of images of materials from our collections, nor does it require researchers to obtain its permission for said use. The department does request that its collections be properly cited and images credited. More detailed information can be found on the Copyright, Credit and Citations Guidelines page on our website. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact us through the Ask Us! form.

Collection Inventory

Scope and Contents

Consists of the correspondence of Sidney P. Clay and family members with individuals such as Margaret Reed, Andrew Todd, and Thornton Lewis, as well as others.

Arrangement

Arranged alphabetically by correspondent.

Physical Description

1 box

Physical Description

1 box

Armstrong, Robert, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Anderson, Cuthbert G., dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Baines, James B., dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Burfoot?, E. T., dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Clay, Henry, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Clay, Sidney P., dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Dudley, Sally Clay, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Edwards, Nancy, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Garrard, Jephthah, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Goble, J. G., dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Green, John, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Grundy, Felix, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Jones, Humphrey, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Searle, Moses C, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Lewis, Alpheus, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Lewis, Thornton, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Rannells, William, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Reed, Margaret, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Rhodes, William, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Smith, Elizabeth L., dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Smith, John Speed, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Sowers, A. A., dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Stuart, James H., dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Terrell, C., dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Todd, Andrew, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Clay, Brutus, Cassius, and Paulina (siblings), dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Clay, Brutus, Cassius, and Paulina (siblings): transcripts, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Clay, Cassius M. (brother), dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Clay, Cassius M. (brother): transcripts, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Clay, Green, General (father), letters from, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Clay, Green, General (father): transcripts, letters from, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Clay, Green, General (father), letters to, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Clay, Green, General (father): transcripts, letters to, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Clay, Green, General (father): correspondence, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Clay, Isabella Reed (wife), dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Clay, Isabella Reed (wife): transcripts, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Clay, Sally (mother), letters from, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Clay, Sally (mother): transcripts, letters from, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Clay, Sally (mother), letters to, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Clay, Sally (mother): transcripts, letters to, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Clay, Samuel P., letters to, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Additional family letters, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Additional family letters: transcripts, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Scope and Contents

Consists of Old Kentucky Letters: by Judson, Clay (great-grandson).

Arrangement

Not arranged according to any arrangement scheme.

Physical Description

1 box

Old Kentucky Letters: by Judson, Clay (great-grandson), typescript and editorial comment, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Scope and Contents

Consists of photographs of the portraits of Sidney P. Clay and Isabella Reed Clay.

Arrangement

Arranged by subject of photograph.

Physical Description

1 box

Clay, Sidney P., dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Clay, Isabella Reed, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Scope and Contents

Consists of "To the People of Kentucky..." by Green Clay, "Washington, the New Era" by Cassius M. Clay, and "Russia as a Friend," by Cassius M. Clay.

Arrangement

Not arranged according to any arrangement scheme.

Physical Description

1 box

"To the People of Kentucky..." by Green Clay, 1825, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"Washington, the New Era," by Cassius M. Clay, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

"Russia as a Friend," by Cassius M. Clay, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Scope and Contents

Consists of Harvard and Princeton circulars, report cards, and miscellaneous documents.

Arrangement

Arranged by subject of document.

Physical Description

1 box

Clay family: includes 1818 Harvard and Princeton circulars, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Clay family: transcripts, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Clay, Sidney P., and others: includes 1818 broadside catalog of Princeton students and 1819 Princeton report card, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Clay, Henry: ALS to J. D. Hammond, April 2, 1827, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Clay, Henry: ALS to Robert Baldwin Dod, Nov. 4, 1840, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Clay, Henry: Autograph of Henry Clay on a bank note of the Northern Bank of Kentucky, May 1844, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Clay, Henry: ALS to J. G. Rowland, June 30, 1827, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Clay, Henry: Photostat of letter to J. M. Sherwood, 1846, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Clay, Henry: Envelope for a letter to Mrs. Harriett Smith, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Clay, Joseph: ALS to Gen. Green requesting a letter of recommendation to the Rev. Dr. Witherspoon for Clay's son, March 31, 1793, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Scott, John: ALS to Henry Clay introducing Major Ralph Guild, Jan. 30, 1835, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Print, Suggest