Held at: Princeton University Library: Manuscripts Division [Contact Us]
This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the Princeton University Library: Manuscripts Division. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.
Overview and metadata sections
John Watson Foster was an American military man, journalist, and diplomat. He served as U.S. Secretary of State under President Benjamin Harrison in 1892 and 1893. He also helped the Qing Dynasty in drafting the Treaty of Shimonoseki of 1895 as a legal consultant and commissioner. His grandchildren included John Foster Dulles, who also became a U.S. Secretary of State, Allen Welsh Dulles, a director of the Central Intelligence Agency, and Eleanor Lansing Dulles, an economist and diplomat.
The collection consists of diplomatic and personal papers relating to the Treaty of Shimonoseki and the Sino-Japanese War (1894-1895), documenting Foster's role as consultant to the Chinese commissioners in the negotiations. Included are the diary (1/30-6/8/1895), begun at Kobe, which Foster kept during his mission; letters to his wife (12/1894-5/1895) from Japan and China; his copies of the Chinese and Japanese diplomatic papers--drafts of the treaty, counter-drafts, memoranda--of the plenipotentiaries (Li Hung-Chang and Ito Hirobumi) involved in the treaty negotiations; passports and other personal papers; and his souvenirs from Japan.
An additional accession includes correspondence of Foster with Hamilton Hull, Paul R. Hickok, Russell Radford, a "Mr. Butler," and a passport signed by Foster for John H. Bloss (1892-1916).
Gift of Allen W. Dulles '14.
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This collection was processed by Jill Baron in May 2012. Finding aid written by Jill Baron in May 2012.
No appraisal information is available.
- China -- Foreign relations -- Japan -- 19th century.
- Japan -- Foreign relations -- China -- 19th century.
- Manuscripts Division
- Finding Aid Author
- Jill Baron
- Finding Aid Date
- Access Restrictions
The collection is open for research.
- Use Restrictions
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Includes letters from James D. Seymour and Allen W. Dulles regarding the transfer of the papers to Princeton University Library.Physical Description
Includes typed transcript of diary.Physical Description