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Pinkney Papers

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Held at: Princeton University Library: Manuscripts Division [Contact Us]

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the Princeton University Library: Manuscripts Division. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Overview and metadata sections

Pinkney, William, 1764-1822

William Pinkney was born on March 17, 1764, in Annapolis, Maryland. Originally interested in pursuing medicine, Pinkey ultimately chose law as his desired profession and passed the Maryland bar in 1986. After practicing law in Maryland, Pinkney was sent to London by George Washington to serve as an American commissioner. After spending eight years in England, Pinkney returned to the United States and became Attorney General in 1811. In 1816 he left the country again to serve as an American minister in Russia. Pinkney is most famous for his involvement in McCulloch v. Maryland and Cohens v. Virginia, two significant Supreme Court cases. Pinkey passed away unexpectedly on February 16, 1822, in Washington, D.C.

The collection consists of the papers of Pinkney and, to a lesser degree, of William Pinkney Whyte (1824-1908), his grandson. Included are several works by Pinkney, his diplomatic correspondence while he was U.S. minister to Great Britain (1807-1811) and to Russia (1816-1818), legal notes, deeds, bookplates, and assorted memorabilia. Pinkney's correspondents include John Quincy Adams, Baron Auckland, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, James Monroe, and Jonathan Russell. For Whyte, there is correspondence from such notable figures as James G. Blaine, Reverdy Johnson, and Thomas Swann, as well as several documents. In addition, there is correspondence of several other persons, such as James Buchanan, Cardinal Gibbons, Francois de Kossuth, and various Pinkney family members.

Included in the collection are the notebook of Joseph White, a Pinkney relative, that contains "Historical Notices of the Inauguration of the Presidents" from Washington to Lincoln, and a volume of Pinkney's legal jottings that includes a letter (80 pp.) "To the Editor of the Anti-Jacobin Review" and a 162-page brief of an "Issue in Tail."

Presented to Princeton University by Mrs. T.P. Dixon Jr.

For preservation reasons, original analog and digital media may not be read or played back in the reading room. Users may visually inspect physical media but may not remove it from its enclosure. All analog audiovisual media must be digitized to preservation-quality standards prior to use. Audiovisual digitization requests are processed by an approved third-party vendor. Please note, the transfer time required can be as little as several weeks to as long as several months and there may be financial costs associated with the process. Requests should be directed through the Ask Us Form.

This collection was processed in 2000. Finding aid written in 2000.

Biography written by Alyxandra Cullen, '09.

In 2022, restrictions on original material where researchers were required to use a surrogate were lifted as part of a restrictions review project.

No appraisal information is available.

Publisher
Manuscripts Division
Finding Aid Date
2000
Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research use.

Use Restrictions

Single copies may be made for research purposes. To cite or publish quotations that fall within Fair Use, as defined under U. S. Copyright Law, no permission is required. For instances beyond Fair Use, it is the responsibility of the researcher to determine whether any permissions related to copyright, privacy, publicity, or any other rights are necessary for their intended use of the Library's materials, and to obtain all required permissions from any existing rights holders, if they have not already done so. Princeton University Library's Special Collections does not charge any permission or use fees for the publication of images of materials from our collections, nor does it require researchers to obtain its permission for said use. The department does request that its collections be properly cited and images credited. More detailed information can be found on the Copyright, Credit and Citations Guidelines page on our website. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact us through the Ask Us! form.

Collection Inventory

Scope and Contents

Consists of works and correspondence of William Pinkney, 1764-1822.

Arrangement

This series is arranged into three subseries: Works of William Pinkney, Correspondence of William Pinkney, Letters received, and Correspondence of William Pinkney, Letters sent.

Physical Description

1 box

Scope and Contents

Consists of manuscripts for "Lord Loggerhead" and legal notes.

Arrangement

Arranged alphabetically by title.

Physical Description

1 box

"Lord Loggerhead," AMs and other works, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Legal Notes, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Scope and Contents

Consists of correspondence received by William Pinkney from individuals such as John Quincy Adams, Thomas Jefferson, James Monroe, Charles Pinkney, and Richard Rush.

Arrangement

Arranged alphabetically by correspondent.

Physical Description

1 box

Physical Description

1 box

1810 October 2, 1810 October 2. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1810 October 12, 1810 October 12. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1810 November 9, 1810 November 9. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

1 box

1808 January 29, 1808 January 29. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1808 October 15, 1808 October 15. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1808 November 30, 1808 November 30. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1810 June 21, 1810 June 21. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

1 box

1806 June 26, 1806 June 26. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1806 June 29, 1806 June 29. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1806 August 22, 1806 August 22. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1806 September 12, 1806 September 12. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1808 May 18, 1808 May 18. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1810 June 21, 1810 June 21. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1810 July 4, 1810 July 4. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Baring Brothers, 1810 February 4. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Brougham, Henry Peter, Baron of, 1809 April 22. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Brunswick, Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of, 1809 October 2. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Canning, George, 1808 June 27. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Casselles, Lord, May 25. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Chase, Samuel, 1802 July 13. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Chauncey, Isaac, 1816 June 3. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Erskine, John Earl of, February 1. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Freeman, Edward A, undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Freeman, Eleanor, undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Gerry, Elbridge, 1809 November 1. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Gloucester, Bishop of, 1810 April 26. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Holland, Lord (3), 1808 January 11. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Jefferson, Thomas, 1810 July 15. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Labzeltern, Baron, 1817 June. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

McMahon, Colonel, 1809 October 10. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

1 box

1806 May 17, 1806 May 17. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1807 October 21, 1807 October 21. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1808 March 21, 1808 March 21. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1808 April 4, 1808 April 4. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1808 April 8, 1808 April 8. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1808 May 1, 1808 May 1. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1808 July 3, 1808 July 3. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1808 July 15, 1808 July 15. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1808 July 21, 1808 July 21. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1808 September 9, 1808 September 9. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1808 October 4, 1808 October 4. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1808 November 10, 1808 November 10. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1808 November 25, 1808 November 25. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1808 December 5, 1808 December 5. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1808 December 9, 1808 December 9. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1809 January 3, 1809 January 3. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1809 February 11, 1809 February 11. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1809 March 17, 1809 March 17. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1809 April 21, 1809 April 21. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1809 December 4, 1809 December 4. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1809 April 21, 1809 April 21. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1809 April 21, 1809 April 21. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Mason, John T, 1812 April 6. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Monroe, James, 1804 May 18. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Nesselrode, Count Karl Robert, 1817 August 19-31. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Nicholl, J, 1808 January 3. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Norfolk, Duke of, 1810 July 20. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Pinkney, Charles, 1818 March 20. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Pitman, John, Jr, 1816 April 25. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Rush, Richard, 1817 April 21. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

1 box

1810 September 26, 1810 September 26. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1810 September 27, 1810 September 27. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1810 September 28, 1810 September 28. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1810 October 2, 1810 October 2. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1810 October 10, 1810 October 10. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1810 October 28, 1810 October 28. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1810 December 4, 1810 December 4. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1810 December 11-13, 1810 December 11-13. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1810 December 16, 1810 December 16. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1811 January 23, 1811 January 23. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1811 February 25, 1811 February 25. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Serracapriola, Le Duc de, 1827 February 19-7. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Sidmouth, Lord, 1810 April 27. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Sinclair, Sir John, 1808 May 6. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Smith, Robert, 1810 June 5. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Smith, Samuel, 1810 September 11. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Smith, Sir William Sidney, undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Sousa, The Chevalier de, 1808 June 8. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Spencer, Lord, 1806 September 15. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Stephen, James, 1810 May 22. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Story, Joseph D, 1812 October 8. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Walter, John, Jr, 1811 March 21. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Wellesley, Lord, 1811 February 23. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Wilberforce, W, 1811 March 13. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Scope and Contents

Consists of correspondence sent by William Pinkney to individuals such as John Quincy Adams, James Monroe, Secretary of State Robert Smith, and William Sumner.

Arrangement

Arranged alphabetically by correspondent.

Physical Description

1 box

Editor of [?], undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Unidentified, 1807 October 10. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

1 box

1817 May 2, 1817 May 2. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1817 June 6-18, 1817 June 6-18. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1817 June 10-22, 1817 June 10-22. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1817 June 14-16, 1817 June 14-16. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1817 July 5-17, 1817 July 5-17. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1817 July 20, 1817 July 20. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1817 July 20-August 1, 1817 July 20-August 1. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1817 August 1-13, 1817 August 1-13. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1817 August 3-15, 1817 August 3-15. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1817 August 17-29 (cont.), 1817 August 23-September 4, 1817 August 17-29. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1817 August 30-September 11 (postscript), 1817 September 13-25 with postscript dated 1817 September 25-October 7, 1817 August 30-September 11. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1817 September 29-October 11, 1817 September 29-October 11. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1817 November 10, 1817 November 10. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1817 November 28-December 10, 1817 November 28-December 10. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1817 December 21 with postscript dated 1817 December 26, 1817 December 21. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1818 January 12, 1818 January 12. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Editor of the Baltimore Whig, undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Barroll, Captain (See also box 3), 1839 August 18. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Canning, George, 1808 January 30. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Chauncey, Isaac, 1816 September 22. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

D'oubil, Monsieur, 1818 February 1-13. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Florence, Mrs. Mount, 1810 April 11. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Grenville, Lord, 1806 August 8. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Harris, [?], 1817 July 31. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Holland, Lord and Lady, 1808-1811. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Jefferson, Thomas, 1810 September 25. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Jones, Walter, 1819 December 30. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Joy, George, 1811 February 25. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

1 box

1804 May 5 (letter from Pinkney and Monroe), 1806 July 25, 1804 May 5. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1806 April 24, 1806 April 24. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1810 August 13, 1810 August 13. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1811 December 8, 1811 December 8. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1811 December 17, 1811 December 17. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Physical Description

1 box

1807 October 2, 1807 October 2. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1816 August 29, 1816 August 29. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1816 September 7, 1816 September 7. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1816 September 18, 1816 September 18. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1816 September 28, 1816 September 28. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

(as) Secretary of State James Monroe, 1817 February 27. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Letter from Monroe to the President of the U. S, 1817 June 10-22. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Nesselrode, Count Karl Robert, 1817 June 6-18. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Nicholson, Joseph H., "Sunday night", undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Nourse, Charles J, 1808 August 6. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Pinkney, Ninian, "Saturday afternoon", 1808 November 3. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Ridgely, 1821 October 22. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Serra Capriola, Duke of, 1817 February 21. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Smith, [Robert], 1810 September 24. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

[Smith, Robert] Secretary of State, 1810 November 6. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Sumner, William H, 1821 February 22. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Editor of Times, 1811 March 15. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Wellesley, Lord Henry, 1810 January 2. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Editor of Whig, 1806 May. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

White, Isabella, 1817 August 17. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Williams, Cumberland D, 1819 August 25. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Scope and Contents

Consists of works, correspondence, and documents of William Pinkney Whyte, the grandson of William Pinkney, 1824-1908.

Arrangement

This series is arranged into four subseries: Works of William Pinkney Whyte, Correspondence of William Pinkney Whyte, Letters received, Documents relating to William Pinkney Whyte, and Correspondence to and from people other than William Pinkney and William Pinkney Whyte.

Physical Description

1 box

Scope and Contents

Consists of a manuscript for "A Paper on William Pinkney."

Arrangement

Not arranged according to any arrangement scheme.

Physical Description

1 box

"A Paper on William Pinkney", dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Scope and Contents

Consists of correspondence received by William Pinkney Whyte from individuals such as Thomas Swann, James Blaine, and Reverdy Johnson.

Arrangement

Arranged alphabetically by correspondent.

Physical Description

1 box

Blaine, James G, 1889 April 18. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Carroll, John Lee, 1877 January 12. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Crawford, J, 1889 May 14. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Dobbin, George W, 1874 February 6. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Groome, James B, 1879 December 3. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Jackson, E. E, 1899 December 11. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Johnson, Reverdy, 1875 April 7. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Lee, Fitzgerald (telegram), 1889 December 10. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

McLane, Robert M, 1879 April 22. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Moore, John B, 1902 March 28. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Pinkney, Bishop, 1874 January 16. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Pinkney, Campbell White, 1875 December 27. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Preston, William P, 1874 January 20. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

1874 February 28, 1874 February 28. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Randolph, A. M, 1875 April 23. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Rasin, J. Freeman, 1879 April 22. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Ritchie, Albert, April 8. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Swann, Thomas, 1872 January 16. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Wallis, S. T, 1872 December 12. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Scope and Contents

Consists of various documents related to William Pinkney Whyte.

Arrangement

Not arranged according to any arrangement scheme.

Physical Description

1 box

Documents relating to William Pinkney Whyte, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Scope and Contents

Consists of the correspondence of notable individuals such as Thomas Jefferson, James Buchanan, and James Monroe to and from individuals other than William Pinkney or William Pinkney Whyte.

Arrangement

Arranged alphabetically by correspondent.

Physical Description

1 box

Bloomfield, Joseph to James Buchanan, 1834 November 1. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Buchanan, James to Joseph White, 1846 February 14. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Buchanan, James to Mrs. Joseph White, 1834 May 13. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Gibbons, Cardinal to Monsignor Bislieti, 1909 January 12. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Gibbons, Cardinal to Rev. Kennedy, 1908 December 4. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Jefferson, Thomas to the Queen of Great Britain, ts, 1806 May 12. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Jefferson, Thomas to Ninian Pinkney, 1804 April 7. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

King, William to Joseph White, 1844 April 12. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Kossuth, François de to Joseph White (note), undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Lew, Viscount to "Dear Sir", 1807 October 10. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Monroe, James and William Pinkney to James Madison, 1806 July 25. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Nelson, John to Henry Wheaton, 1848 February 22. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Nelson, John to Joseph White, 1848 April 21. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

O'Donnelle, Columbus to J. W. Barrott, 1838 March 23. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

O'Donnelle, Columbus to Capt. C. C. Jameson, 1838 March 22. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Parsons, Theophilus to Mrs. William Pinkney, February 17. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Pinkney, A. to Mrs. Joseph White, 1817 August 6. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Pinkney, C. W. to William [?], 1902 March 31. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Pinkney, E. C. to "My dear Madam", undated. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Pinkney, Ninian to Alexander G. Hanson, 1816 December 23. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Rodgers, John to Joseph White, 1834 July 9. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Tyler, Nathaniel to William Pinkney Whyte, 1889 April 13. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

White, J. to Robert Goodloe Harper, 1817 August 10. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Whyte, Joseph to Hugh Younge, 1911 October 16. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Wirt, William to Edward C. Pinkney, 1825 December 25. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Younge, Hugh G. to Joseph White, 1911 September 11. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Scope and Contents

Consists of various materials such as deeds, photographs of the Pinkney family, and bound notebooks entitled "2nd Regiment, City Guards" and "Manuscripts, Wm Pinkney."

Arrangement

Arranged alphabetically by genre.

Physical Description

2 boxes

Deeds, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Deeds, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Bookplates, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Invitations, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Pictures of the Pinkney family, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Memorabilia of the Pinkney family, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Newspaper clippings, dates not examined. 1 folder.
Physical Description

1 folder

Small notebook, "Historical Notices of the Inauguration of the Presidents," AMs, dates not examined. 1 box.
Physical Description

1 box5 x 7 1/2″)

Large bound notebook, "2nd Regiment, City Guards," AMs, dates not examined. 1 box.
Scope and Contents

This volume contains notes and memoranda of promotions, orders, and accounts of the 2nd Regiment, any of them signed by William Pinkney and dating to the 1830s.

Physical Description

1 box12 1/4 x 8 1/4

Large bound notebook, "Manuscripts, Wm. Pinkney," AMs, dates not examined. 1 box.
Scope and Contents

This volume contains a letter "To the Editor of the Anti-Jacobin Review" in the hand of William Pinkney, ca. 1796-1804, 80 pp., plus 12 pp. of additional notes on an "Outline of Vindication of American Government on the Subject of France;" and a 162 pp. brief in Pinkney's hand of an "Issue in Tail" in chancery.

Physical Description

1 box8 x 13″)

Print, Suggest