Beatrice Wood Collection
Held at: Philadelphia Museum of Art Archives [Contact Us]Philadelphia Museum of Art, PO Box 7646, Philadelphia, PA 19101-7646
This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the Philadelphia Museum of Art Archives. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.
Overview and metadata sections
Beatrice Wood (1893-1998) was born on March 3, 1893 in San Francisco and raised in New York City. The daughter of affluent socialites, Wood studied painting at the Julian Academy and acting at the Comédie Francaise in Paris at the age of 18. Upon her return to New York, she joined the French Repertory Company and in 1916, befriended the artist Marcel Duchamp and the writer and diplomat Henri Pierre Roché. The three founded and published the short-lived little magazine The Blind Man, one of the earliest manifestations of Dada in Americirca Through Duchamp, Wood met the art collectors Walter and Louise Arensberg, artists Man Ray, Francis Picabia, and Charles Sheeler, and the poet Mina Loy. Wood became a regular participant in the frequent gatherings of intellectuals, artists, and writers at the Arensbergs' West 67th Street apartment. With Duchamp's encouragement, Wood returned to drawing and painting, submitting a work to the 1917 exhibition of the Society of Independent Artists.
Wood relocated to Montreal in 1919 to continue her acting career and there she married Paul Renson, a theater manager. She soon annulled the marriage and returned to New York City. Around 1926, Wood moved to Los Angeles and then to Hollywood, California, where she renewed her friendship with the Arensbergs. In 1938, she married Steve Hoag, an engineer. By all accounts the marriage was not a happy one, yet the couple lived together until his death in 1960. In 1948, they relocated to Ojai, California to be near the Indian sage Krishnamurti, the leader of the Theosophical Society, to which Wood had belonged since 1923.
Wood first became interested in ceramics in 1933 after purchasing a set of luster-glaze plates at an antique store. She soon enrolled in a pottery course in the Adult Education Department of Hollywood High School. She later studied briefly with the Austrian ceramists Gertrud and Otto Natzler. For the next sixty years, Wood supported herself creating and selling pottery and in 1956 she opened her own studio. At first, she concentrated on dinner sets, but by the mid-1970s she began to specialize in more elaborate, decorative bowls, vases and chalices with complex luster glazes. Wood continued to work at her potter's wheel until two years before her death in 1998 at the age of 105.
Wood had her first solo exhibition in 1949 at American House in New York City. Other notable solo exhibitions include shows at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art in 1951; at the Pasadena Museum of Art in 1959; at the Takishamaya Gallery in Tokyo in 1962; and a retrospective at the Phoenix Museum of Art in 1973. Since 1981, Wood's work has been shown regularly by the Garth Clark Gallery at both their Los Angeles and New York locations. In 1994, Wood was declared a "California Living Treasure" by Governor Pete Wilson and was named an "Esteemed American Artist" by the Smithsonian Institution.
- (New York : Abrams, 1994). Naumann, Francis M. New York Dada, 1915-23.
- Obit. New York Times (Mar. 14, 1998). Smith, Roberta, 1947- "Beatrice Wood, 105, Potter and 'Mama of Dada.'"
- (Ojai, CA : Dillingham Press, c1985). Wood, Beatrice I Shock Myself: The Autobiography of Beatrice Wood.
This collection includes archival material documenting the life and work of Beatrice Wood received from the artist herself and from Conrad C. M. Arensberg. The Beatrice Wood Gift, 18 items collected by the artist, is comprised of two series: "Ephemera" and "Photographs." The "Ephemera" Series includes six items related to Wood's pottery studio, museum and gallery exhibitions, and the publication of her autobiography in 1985. The "Photographs" Series includes 11 images, all copy prints, of Walter and Louise Arensberg, Marcel Duchamp and his wife Alexina, Beatrice Wood, and the Arensbergs' Hollywood home at 7065 Hillside Avenue. The Conrad C. M. Arensberg Gift includes photographs, ephemera, clippings, and correspondence documenting his friendship with Beatrice Wood. The gift includes documentation of several Wood exhibitions and events, including personal photographs of her 96th birthday which she celebrated with Conrad Arensberg and his parents.
2003. The following items were given by Conrad C. M. Arensberg on Feb. 18, 2003: TLS from BW to Charles Arensberg, dated Oct. 10, 1986 and env.; photocopies of ALS from BW to Conrad C. M. Arensberg dated Jan. 31, 1989 and Mar. 30, 1989.
The Beatrice Wood Gift was presented to the Francis Bacon Foundation by Beatrice Wood in December 1993. In 1995, it was given to the Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery. The collection was transferred to the Philadelphia Museum of Art in 1996, and was formally given by the Huntington in July 2001. The Conrad C. M. Arensberg Gift was presented by him to the Museum in March 2002.
These materials were arranged and described by Katherine Stefko. Funded by a grant from The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.
- Philadelphia Museum of Art Archives
- Finding Aid Author
- Finding aid prepared by Katherine Stefko.
- Finding Aid Date
- Funded by a grant from The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation
- Access Restrictions
The collection is open for research.
- Use Restrictions
The Beatrice Wood Collection is the physical property of the Philadelphia Museum of Art, Archives. The Museum holds literary rights only for material created by Museum personnel or given to the Museum with such rights specifically assigned. For all other material, literary rights, including copyright, belong to the authors or their legal heirs and assigns. Researchers are responsible for obtaining permission from rights holders for publication and for other purposes where stated.
A small collection of ephemera and photographs related to Beatrice Wood's artistic and personal life in California which she presented to the Francis Bacon Foundation in 1993, and subsequently was transferred to the Philadelphia Museum of Art.
Comprised of exhibition announcements for various shows of Beatrice Wood's ceramics; a promotional brochure and invitation related to the 1985 publication of Wood's 1985 "I Shock Myself;" and an invitation to visit Wood's pottery studio.
Alphabetical by creator.
Copy prints of personal photographs and snapshots of Walter and Louise Arensberg, Marcel Duchamp and his wife Alexina, Beatrice Wood, and the Arensbergs' Hollywood home at 7065 Hillside Avenue, some of which were probably taken by Beatrice Wood. All images were taken in Hollywood or Ojai, California, and many are copies of originals located in the Arensberg Archives, Philadelphia Museum of Art.
Alphabetical by subject.
A small collection of photographs, newspaper and magazine clippings, correspondence, and ephemera regarding Beatrice Wood, collected and presented to the Philadelphia Museum of Art by Conrad C. M. Arensberg in 2002.
Alphabetical by either subject or creator.