John G. Bullock collection
Held at: Haverford College Quaker & Special Collections [Contact Us]370 Lancaster Ave, Haverford, PA 19041
This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the Haverford College Quaker & Special Collections. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.
Overview and metadata sections
John G. (Griscom) Bullock (1854-1939) was born in Wilmington, Delaware to a Quaker family; his parents were William Rockhill Bullock and Elizabeth Emlen. As a child, he printed and published his own newspaper (City Journal). He graduated from Haverford College in 1874 and received a Ph.D. from Philadelphia College of Pharmacy which prepared him for photographic chemistry requirements; he was a chemist and druggist for the firm Bullock & Crenshaw for 31 years beginning in 1874. He married Rebecca Malin Downing in 1888.
"Bullock's earliest photographs were made with a small view camera using 4 × 5 inch Carbutt dry plates. The lenses he employed were designed for rapid exposures and reduced distortion, and included a Ross Rapid Rectilinear lens and a Grubb landscape lens. By 1886 he had a larger format camera which took 61/2 × 81/2 inch dry plates.... In 1911, he began using a roll film camera which made 3 1/2 × 5 3/4 inch negatives." The earliest prints Bullock made were on albumen paper, followed by platinum paper to give a richer image. His platinum paper was manufactured by Willis & Clements and by Buchanan Bromley & Company. Although Bullock rarely made modifications to his prints, platinum printing allowed greater flexibility in manipulation of the image. When he did manipulate his images, it was to print clouds into blank skies or to change tonality; most of these alterations were made by retouching the negative.
Bullock became interested in photography in 1882; the same year, he became a member of the Photographic Society of Philadelphia, later its president. He studied under the photographer John C. Browne.
Bullock had two of his photographs accepted in the first international exhibition, the Vienna Salon. Bullock was an organizer of the Philadelphia Photographic Salon, an annual juried competition, and his work was known to Alfred Stieglitz. In approximately 1902, the latter became director of the Photo-Secession gathering together Bullock and others as founders to forward the cause of art photography; their work was called pictorial photography. The journal of this group, CameraWork, was founded by Stieglitz the same year to further modern photography. Initial exhibitions of the group resulted in international invitations to Bullock to exhibit. Bullock's last major exhibition during his lifetime was at the Albright Art Gallery in 1910.
These notes were taken from Beck, Tom, An American Vision: John G. Bullock and the Photo-Secession. New York: Aperture in association with University of Maryland Baltimore County, 1989 and and the Biographical Catalog of the Matriculates of Haverford College, 1833-1922. Philadelphia: Alumni Association, 1922.
The collection contains some of Bullock's earliest writings, beginning in 1866. These works show his disposition to publishing, as he started a newspaper when a student at Haverford College. After this, he got a printing press.
William Rockhill Bullock, son of John Bullock and Rachel Griscom, was born in 1824. He entered Haverford College and left in 1842. He received his M.D. from the University of Pennsylvania. He became Surgeon to the United States Army Hospital at Wilmington during the Civil War. He was a frequent lecturer on chemical and electrical subjects. He was a fellow of Philadelphia College of Physicians; a charter member and physician to Delaware Hospital; and one of the founders of the Wilmington Institute and Library as well as president of the Board of Education in Wilmington, Delaware.
The collection centers on photographs taken by John G. Bullock (1854-1939), primarily of Marjorie Bullock, his daughter, in the period 1889-1907, as well as his notebook/diary with a list of 4 x 5 negatives with titles and dates (1880s-1920s). In addition, there are John Bullock's manuscript "newspapers," and map of Wilmington, Delaware, created when he was a child of 12-14 years, which indicate his inclination toward journalism. Underpinning all is the genealogical and biographical information on the Bullock, Griscom, and related families going back to 1799, including material collected by Marjorie Bullock Le Boutillier.
The John G. Bullock collection was donated to Special Collections, Haverford College in November, 2012 by Robert R. Bishop, great grandson of Bullock.
Processed by Diana Franzusoff Peterson.
- Haverford College Quaker & Special Collections
- Finding Aid Author
- Diana Franzusoff Peterson
- Access Restrictions
The collection is open for research use.
- Use Restrictions
Standard Federal Copyright Laws Apply (U.S. Title 17).
According to the donor, these materials were Marjorie Bullock's toward the formulation of family genealogical charts, though it appears, most were obtained by John G. Bullock
Included is genealogical information; legal documents including two loan agreements and a mortgage; photos of William R. Bullock, Mary Emlen Bullock, Charles Bullock, Anna Bullock, portrait of John G. Bullock, 1785-1847 and of Fort Rittenhouse & U.S. "Tilton" Hospital; letters from Charles L. Bullock (1963) and a cousin of Rebie Bullock (1897); calling cards; poem; and a leather case containing information on lectures Wiliam R. Bullock attended.Physical Description
Included is genealogical information; Emlen family letters, 18th -19th century, including to John Griscom Bullock, thanking him for a photograph, thoughts on religious beliefs and an account of the life of George Emlen (7 items); legal documents, including marriage certificate of Clement Smith and Mary Emlen, 1849, accounts, deeds to burial lots, will of James Emlen, 1799; photographs of Beulah Emlen and Elizabeth Valentine silhouette (John G. Bullock's great grandmother); list of John Emlen's books; a poem and the Emlen family wax sealPhysical Description
Included is genealogical information; photograph of the Washington Bowl given to Benjamin George Eyre, a colonel in Washington's army and given to him by Washington after the Revolution; he was an aide-de-campPhysical Description
Includes genealogical information and clippingsPhysical Description
Included are Rebecca Malin Downing's notebook "Some Records of the Malin Family in America;" empty notebook with Rebecca M. Downing's name on cover (Inside is a written note that it was probably her school book); genealogical information; obituaries and a memorial poem; invitations; 18th & 19th century letters (8 items) on various family matters from members of the Truman, George, Thomas, Collin, Evans family members; miscellaneous itemsPhysical Description
Included is genealogical information on the Rockhill family (e.g. John Bullock's father was William R (Rockhill) Bullock)Physical Description
Included is a notebook with accounts and miscellaneous writings; genealogical information; and photos of Beulah Sansom Valentine Emlen Lloyd, Angela Perry Valentine and Robert Barclay ValentinPhysical Description
Includes typed and hand-written biographical information on various individuals; miscellaneous booklets; print of a work by John Trumbull; newspaper clippings; list of markers erected by the Chester County Historical Society, 1929; letters to John Griscom Bullock from Leach's "Old Philadelphia Families" re the publication on the Emlen and Eyre family (its advisory council included numerous Quakers from Biddle, Chew and Cope to Vaux, Wistar and Yarnall and also included Maxfield Parrish)Physical Description
Bullock family genealogy with all connected families
Bullock, Marjorie. Germantown Friends School diploma, 1906
Bullock, Marjorie and Home Le Boutillier marriage certificate, 1908
Bullock-Livezey family genealogy
Lea family genealogy
Pratt/Garrett/Thomas families biographical/genealogical
Valentine family genealogy
Multiple families, including Pennock and Le Boutillier biographical and genealogical
John G. Bullock's notebook with a list of his 4 x 5 negatives with titles and dates (1880s-1920s) and numbers 1-810 (many numbers skipped)
A book of photographs taken by John G. Bullock of his daughter, Marjorie, from infancy in 1889, with a preface in his hand and some poems. Laid in are photos of ploughing and a rocky coastlineContainer Summary
Marjorie Bullock from infancy till about 1898; also, her brothers John Emlen and Franck Rumsey, and other family members, including grandfathers William R. Bullock and Franck Downey and mother, Rebecca M. Bullock. There is an 1898 photo taken in Virginia. Almost all the photos are identified and dated.Container Summary
The photographs in this album are dated from 1889, the year of her birth, to 1907. There are several photos laid in, but undated.Container Summary
albumMaterial Specific Details
The photos are primarily silver gelatin prints, though some are platinum prints.
These are individual photographs, mostly dated, early 20th century, some with John G. Bullock's name. The 13th photograph is not marked, and is of an elderly woman, possibly Rebecca BullockPhysical Description
"Tilton U.S. General Hospital, Wilmington, Del., 1864, in which Dr. W.R. Bullock was surgeon"
"Untitled [man on curved road with fence]" / signed by John G. Bullock
"Old Mill near Sedley Sta. probably on Wrightstown farm"
"Old Lt. Peters in the Great Valley"
"Felters Mill, corner Le Boultillier Rd & Mill Rd" ("afterwards burned down and later bought by Daniel Badger")Physical Description
The first three "volumes" were written in 1866, when Bullock was 12, entitled "City Library" and including "The Blind Boy," "Friend" and "The Runaways" under the name Riter Bertrand; in 1866-67, he created the "City Journal;" in 1867 he wrote "The Child's Friend." In 1868, he wrote "Wilmington City Guide containing a map of Wilmington and Brandywine Village," which includes an elaborate grid map. All of the volumes contain illustrations.
Included are Marjorie Bullock's confirmation book from 1905. It is said that she was an earnest communicant;
Invitation to attend the graduation of Marjorie Bullock from Germantown Friends School, 1906, sent to Richard H. Downing and Jane Preston Lea Downing (parents of John Griscom Bullock's wife, Rebecca M. Downing)
Bullock coat of arms