Emily Howland papers
Held at: Haverford College Quaker & Special Collections [Contact Us]370 Lancaster Ave, Haverford, PA 19041
This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the Haverford College Quaker & Special Collections. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.
Overview and metadata sections
Emily Howland (1827-1929) was an activist for Black education, women's rights (with Susan B. Anthony and Anna Howard Shaw), temperance, and peace. She grew up in the Quaker community of Sherwood, New York, raised by an abolitionist family. She attended the Margaret Robinson School in Philadelphia, but was prevented from continuing her education because of her gender. In 1857, she became a teacher in a school for young Black girls run by Myrtilla Miner in Washington, D.C. After the Civil War broke out, Howland worked at Camp Todd, also in Washington, D.C. This was the largest refugee camp in the country, established after President Lincoln's emancipation proclamation of 1862. At Camp Todd, Howland was a nurse and teacher to many African Americans, and served as director of the settlement from 1864 to 1866. This time served to confirm her opinion that education was the road to equality. She also determined that this education needed to be practical rather than classical, a route she felt would allow African Americans to function independently in society. At age 99, Emily Howland was awarded an honorary Litt.D. from SUNY-Albany.
In her will, dated 1926, Emily Howland named almost 50 educational institutions as legatees, some 30 of them Southern, which were providing an industrial education to Black Americans. She also left bequests to institutions such as the National Council for the Prevention of War and the Women's Christian Temperance Union. Richard C.S. Drummond, the father of donor Burke Drummond, was the administrator of Emily Howland's estate.
Papers include the correspondence of Richard C.S. Drummond with legatees under Howland's will, primarily representatives of African American educational institutions in the South. The administration of the will required verification of incorporated names, since some of the beneficiary institutions had names that were different from those Howland used in her will. Much of the correspondence involves this verification, but, in the process, provides histories of these institutions. Correspondents include Mary McLeod Bethune, Levi Hollingsworth Wood, J. Henry Scattergood, Isabel Howland, and Frederick Libby. The colletion also includes biographical materials about Emily Howland.
The Emily Howland papers were donated to Special Collections, Haverford College in 1989 by Burke Drummond (legal papers) and Marian Mosher (Sherwood School history and biographical sketch of Emily Howland), both through Susan Mosher Stuard.
Original processing information unknown. Reboxed and finding aid updated May 2022 by Cole Hannah.
- Bethune, Mary McLeod, 1875-1955
- Drummond, Richard C. S.
- Howland, Emily, 1827-1929
- Howland, Isabel
- Libby, Frederick J. (Frederick Joseph), 1874-1970
- Scattergood, J. Henry (Joseph Henry), 1877-1953
- Wood, L. Hollingsworth (Levi Hollingsworth), 1874-1956
- Haverford College Quaker & Special Collections
- Access Restrictions
The collection is open for research use.
- Use Restrictions
Standard Federal Copyright Laws Apply (U.S. Title 17). Users have permission to write to Burke Drummond, attorney, Metcalf Plaza, Auburn, New York 13201 concerning the legal papers.
by Phebe King
Includes letters and documents related to Atlanta University (GA), Bethune-Cookman University (FL), Bettis Academy (SC), and Billings Polytechnic Institute (MT).
Includes letters and documents to Alice Alsop, Lucy Jacobs, Matilda Jacobs, and the Cayuga County National Bank
Includes letters and documents to The Calhoun Colored School (AL), Centreville Industrial Institute (AL), Christiansburg Industrial Institute (VA), Emily Howland High School (NY),
Includes letters and documents to the Fort Valley High and Industrial School (GA), The George Junior Republic (NY), High Point Normal and Industrial School (NC), Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute (VA), The Hungerford Normal-High and Industrial School (FL), and Intermountain Institute (ID).
Includes letters and documents to Larinberg Normal and Industrial Institute (NC), Lincoln Institute (KY), Lowry Institute and Industrial School (SC), and The Manasses Industrial School for Colored Youth (VA).
Includes letters and documents to The Montgomery County Training School (AL), The Montgomery Industrial School (AL), and The National Armenia and India Relief Association (NY).
Includes letters and documents to the Piny Woods Country Life School (MS), the Prentiss Normal and Industrial Institute (MS), St. Paul Normal and Industrial School (VA), Schofield Normal and Industrial School (SC), and Snow Hill Normal and Industrial Institue, Inc. (AL).
Includes letters and documents to the National Council for Prevention of War (NY), the National Urban League (NY), and the People's Village School (AL).
Includes letters and documents to the Southern Industrial Institute (AL), Statesboro Normal and Industrial School (GA), and Street Manual Training School (AL).
Includes letters and documents to Talladega College (AL), Tidewater Orphanage Association (VA), Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute (AL), the Utica Normal and Industrial Institute (MS), Voorhees Normal and Industrial Institute (SC), Wilberforce University (OH), and the Women's Christain Temperence Union (NY).