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Emmy Noether materials


Held at: Bryn Mawr College [Contact Us]Bryn Mawr College Library, 101 N. Merion Avenue, Bryn Mawr 19010

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the Bryn Mawr College. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Overview and metadata sections

Emmy Noether was born in Wilhemine Nuremberg, Germany and raised the daughter of mathematician and Professor of Mathematics at the University of Erlangen, Max Noether. At the age of eighteen she decided to pursue a career in mathematics and began auditing her father's classes. In 1907 she received a doctorate in mathematics, which made her the second woman in history to receive a doctorate degree from a German University. Since women were still not allowed to teach at the university level in Germany, after receiving her degree Noether worked at the University of Erlangen for eight years as an unpaid supervisor of doctoral students and as an occasional lecturer.

Noether was then invited to Gottingen University to write and deliver a paper on the General Relativity theory. She was well received by colleagues Felix Kline, David Hilbert and Albert Einstein. In the second year of the First World War there was an attempt to put Noether on the faculty of mathematics at Gottingen University. The attempt was unsuccessful, though David Hilbert, her strongest advocate and close friend, circumvented the institution's rejection of Noether by setting up lecture courses in his name but allowing Noether to teach them. In 1919 Noether started teaching at Gottingen in her own right and in 1922 her position at the University became salaried. In the spring of 1933, with the rise of the Nazi party to power in Germany, Noether, then fifty-one, faced persecution as a woman academic and as an anti-Nazi Jew. She left Germany for the United States and a teaching job at Bryn Mawr College. During the 1934-1935 academic year Noether taught one graduate level course in Algebra in the department of mathematics. Noether died suddenly in 1935 at the Bryn Mawr Hospital. She was cremated and her ashes were buried beneath a memorial stone in the Cloisters of Bryn Mawr College. She was eulogized by colleague Albert Einstein in the New York Times following her death. Noether is today considered the most influential female mathematician of the twentieth century.

The collection consists mainly of material written about Noether and memorializing Noether. Original material is limited to a collection of letters and postcards written to Richard Brauer at the University of Kentucky, 1927-1933 as well as correspondence by and about Noether with Bryn Mawr College. The Special Collections Department also maintains a collection of reprinted material from various journals that Noether collected and used.

Varied Sources

Bryn Mawr College
Finding Aid Author
Lorett Treese, Melissa Torquato
Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research.

Use Restrictions

The Emmy Noether materials are the physical property of Bryn Mawr College Special Collections. Literary rights, including copyright, belong to the authors or their legal heirs and assigns.

Collection Inventory

Letters to R. Brauer, 1927-1933.
Box 1 Folder 1
Transcriptions and Translations to English of Letters to Brauer.
Box 1 Folder 2
Correspondence with Marion Park, 1933.
Box 1 Folder 3
Correspondence, President's Office, about E Noether, 1933-1935.
Box 1 Folder 4
Donations of EN Papers by C. Kimberling.
Box 1 Folder 5

Contemporary Memorials.
Box 1 Folder 6
Memorial Fund.
Box 1 Folder 7
1982 Symposium-program, posters, 1982.
Box 1 Folder 8
Emmy Noether Exhibit Citations, March 17-19, 1982 Canaday Library, 1982.
Box 1 Folder 9

Biographical Materials-Offprints.
Box 1 Folder 10
A Tribute to her Life and Work, Brewer and Smith.
Box 1 Folder 11
Biography and Selections by Nathan Jacobson.
Box 1 Folder 12
"Emmy Noether" by Julie V. Stainer, December 1992.
Box 1 Folder 13
Short published biographical notes.
Box 1 Folder 14
"Emmy Noether" by Barbara Heskins , 1978.
Box 1 Folder 15
"When Gender Affects Mathematics" by Susan Keiper Lauffer, Earlham College, 1987.
Box 1 Folder 16

Offprints of articles by Emmy Noether .
Box 1 Folder 17

Inventory of Reprint Collection-Copy 1.
Box 1 Folder 18
Inventory of Reprint Collection-Copy 2.
Box 1 Folder 19
Inventory of Reprint Collection-Copy 3.
Box 1 Folder 20
Library of Emmy Noether-Inventory.
Box 1 Folder 21

Correspondence with Bryn Mawr College Archives, regarding materials.
Box 1 Folder 22

Selected Pamphlets from Emmy Noether Reprint Collection.
Box 1 Folder 23

Miscellaneous Published Material.
Box 2

Print, Suggest