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Constance Applebee papers


Held at: Bryn Mawr College [Contact Us]Bryn Mawr College Library, 101 N. Merion Avenue, Bryn Mawr 19010

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the Bryn Mawr College. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Overview and metadata sections

Constance Applebee, who introduced field hockey to the United States, was born in Essex, England in 1873. While attending Harvard for a summer course in 1901, she demonstrated field hockey during a class discussion of exercise for women. She returned every fall for the following three years to teach hockey at women's colleges, including Bryn Mawr.

In 1904, she became director of outdoor sports at Bryn Mawr, and in 1906 she became director of physical education. She was responsible for opening the college's health department, which began in 1909. She also singlehandedly made Philadelphia the field hockey capital of the US and founded a hockey camp in the Poconos.

Applebee officially left the faculty of Bryn Mawr in 1928 due to the declining health of her longterm partner, Mary Warren Taylor. Taylor also worked at Bryn Mawr College as the Secretary for the Health Department. Applebee continued to coach at the college off and on until the age of 97. In 1978 she received a national award from the Association of Girls and Women in Sport, and in January 1980 received the award of merit from the Association of Intercollegiate Athletics for Women. She died in 1981 at the age of 107.

The Constance Applebee papers house the personal papers and memorabilia of Constance Applebee. This collection, which dates from 1898 to 1981, consists of personal memorabilia, correspondence and clippings, books, and Applebee papers, 1898-1981. The collection provides insight both into the private life of Constance Applebee and into women's physical education in the early 20th century.

The collection is arranged into nine series: "Series I: Personal, 1898-1981", "Series II: Personal Items, 1898-1981," "Series III: Memorabilia (non-print), 1898-1981," "Series IV: Memorabilia (fragile), 1898-1981," "Series V: Correspondence and Miscellaneous Materials, various," "Series VI: Miscellaneous Publications, 1898-1961," "Series VII: Sports Publications, 1900-1980," "Series VIII: Books (non sports)," "Series IX: Books (sports and health)."

"Series I: Personal, 1898-1981" includes a miscellany of personal items, including, but not limited to, correspondence, thank you letters to Applebee, and citizenship information. "Series II: Personal Items, 1898-1981" contains eight loose physical items, including a whistle, a diploma, two hair bands, and two jackets. "Series III: Memorabilia (non-print), 1898-1981" is comprised of primarily hockey memorabilia: pins, buttons, a miniature hockey stick, and the alumna flag which draped Applebee's coffin, among other materials. "Series IV: Memorabilia (fragile), 1898-1981" is comprised of eighteen loose items, including a marble cross, a paperweight, jewelry, and plaques. "Series V: Correspondence and Miscellaneous Materials, various" includes, but is not limited to, Applebee's correspondence with early BMC presidents and with the Seven Sisters Colleges, as well as assorted newspaper clippings from 1911-1967, speeches, athletic notes from 1921, BMC publications, Folk Dance materials from 1928-1932, and images. "Series VI: Miscellaneous Publications, 1898-1961" consists of scrapbooks, yearbooks, and bound magazine volumes. "Series VII: Sports Publications, 1900-1980" contains issues of The Eagle from the 1950s-1980s, issues from The Hockey Annual from 1901-02, issues of The Hockey Field from 1902-1938, and issues of The Sportswoman from 1930-1934. "Series VIII: Books (non sports)" is comprised of miscellaneous books owned by Applebee. "Series IX: Books (sports and health)" is comprised of books owned by Applebee on hockey, other sports, and country dancing.

The academic and physical education of women was a hotly debated topic from the end of the nineteenth century to the beginning of the twentieth century. Constance Applebee introduced field hockey to the United States and was heavily interested in the debate concerning women's physical education. She taught field hockey at women's colleges and was a part of the Bryn Mawr College athletic faculty from 1904-1928, first as director of outdoor sports, and later as director of physical education. The personal memorabilia and letters in this collection provide insight into the Applebee's life and the early physical education department at Bryn Mawr College. Additionally, this collection contains a breadth of other material, including books, magazine publications, and speeches, which would make it a valuable resource to researchers studying physical education for women in the twentieth century.

Many materials were probably left behind by Constance Applebee. Additional materials have been donated by faculty members and alumnae in ensuing years.

Bryn Mawr College
Finding Aid Author
Lorett Treese, Melissa Torquato
Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research.

Use Restrictions

The Constance Applebee papers are the physical property of Bryn Mawr College Special Collections. Literary Rights, including copyright, belong to the author's legal heirs and assigns.

Collection Inventory

Physical Description

1 boxes

Birthday Greetings, 1973.
Box 1 Folder 1
Citizenship Information, 1949-1954.
Box 1 Folder 2
Memorial Service Materials, 1981.
Box 1 Folder 3
Funeral Service Materials, 1981.
Box 1 Folder data_value_missing_6ad5f8d464a93ff8aee1c4a8d1b2181f
Correspondence Relating to Biography, 1941-1966.
Box 1 Folder 5
Miscellaneous Correspondence, 1930-1981.
Box 1 Folder 6
Material Relating to Travel and Mary Warren Taylor, 1929-1931.
Box 1 Folder 7
Thank You Letters to Aplebee, 1930-1980.
Box 1 Folder 8

Physical Description

1 boxes

Eight Items loose in box include: 1 watch, 1 whistle, 2 hair bands, 2 jackets, 1 tunic, 1 framed image, 1 unframed diploma, 2 hand-lettered poems.
Box 2

Physical Description

2 boxes

Hockey pins, buttons, and patches.
Box 3 Folder 1
Box 3 Folder 2
Cloth given by Agneta Powell.
Box 3 Folder 3
Alumna flag, gift of Frederica de Laguna, used to drape Applebee's coffin.
Box 3 Folder 4
Six small flags, miniature hockey stick.
Box 3 Folder 5

Eighteen items loose in box including trivit, small dish, paperweight, stone cross, ashtray, marble cross, ceramic pot, jewelry, silver bowl, cups, silver plate, plaques.
Box 4

Physical Description

1 boxes

USFHA banquet programs; clippings, notes and correspondence relating to history of USFHA., 1949, 1963, 1965, and miscellaneous.
Box 5 Folder 1
Early documents, certificates, 1898-1899.
Box 5 Folder 2
Early notebook.
Box 5 Folder 3
Correspondence with BMC presidents.
Box 5 Folder 4
Early correspondence with Seven Sister colleges, circa 1901.
Box 5 Folder 5
Clippings, 1911-1967.
Box 5 Folder 6
Speeches and Thesis on field hockey.
Box 5 Folder 7
Clippings, 1928-1965.
Box 5 Folder 8
Miscellaneous materiald relaing to history of BMC.
Box 5 Folder 9
Box 5 Folder 10
Athletic notes, 1921.
Box 5 Folder 11
Box 5 Folder 12
Summer school at Harvard clippings, 1901-1902.
Box 5 Folder 13
Assorted Clippings, 1926-1963.
Box 6 Folder 1
AFH notes and programs.
Box 6 Folder 2 Box 6 Folder 2,3
Martha Barksdale Athletic Fields.
Box 6 Folder 4
Miscellaneous Athletic Meetings.
Box 6 Folder 5
BMC publications.
Box 6 Folder 6, 7, 8 Box 6 Folder 6-11
Folk Dance, 1928-1932.
Box 6 Folder 12
Inspirational materials.
Box 6 Folder 13,14 Box 6 Folder 13-15
May Day materials.
Box 6 Folder 16,17
British College of Physical Education, 1900-1903.
Box 6 Folder 18
Misc. from Sweet Briar College, William and Mary.
Box 6 Folder 19
Mt. Pocono Hockey Camp.
Box 6 Folder 20
NYT book review.
Box 6 Folder 21
Publications on People.
Box 6 Folder 22
Physical Education and Recreation.
Box 6 Folder 23
Miscellaneous Post Cards.
Box 6 Folder 24
Miscellaneous Programs.
Box 6 Folder 25-31
The Sports Woman.
Box 6 Folder 32
Swimming and Diving.
Box 6 Folder 33
War Work Materials.
Box 6 Folder 34-38

Physical Description

1 boxes

Scrapbooks, yearbooks, bound magazine volumes.
Box 7

Issues of The Eagle 1950s to 1980s; The Hockey Annual 1901-02; The Hockey Field 1902-1938; The Sportswoman 1930-1934.
Box 8

Miscellaneous books owned by Applebee.
Box 9

Miscellaneous books owned by Applebee on hockey, other sports, and country dancing.
Box 10

Print, Suggest