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Beverly Axelrod papers


Held at: University of Delaware Library Special Collections [Contact Us]181 South College Avenue, Newark, DE 19717-5267

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Delaware Library Special Collections. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Overview and metadata sections

Beverly Axelrod was born Beverly Diana Jarrett on March 3, 1924, in New York City. She was admitted to the bar in 1949 in New York, after graduating from Brooklyn Law School in 1948 as one of the only women in her class.

She married Seymour Lourd, an accountant, in 1944. They divorced in 1951, and she married Marshall Axelrod, a teacher, the same year. They divorced in 1964. She had two sons, Clayton and Douglas.

Axelrod moved to California in 1953 and quickly combined her law career with dedicated activism. She was involved in a myriad of social justice and civil rights groups, such as the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). She was an active member of the National Lawyers Guild. She served as an attorney in or provided legal assistance for such movements as the Delano grape strike and the San Francisco civil rights protests of 1963 and 1964. In 1965, she traveled to Indonesia with Women for Peace to protest the escalation of the Vietnam War. One of Axelrod's most high-profile clients was future Yippie (Youth International Party) activist Jerry Rubin, whom she represented when he was subpoenaed by the House Un-American Activities Committee in 1966.

Axelrod was first contacted by Eldridge Cleaver in May 1965. He wrote to her from prison, asking for her help publishing his "White Woman, Black Man" manuscript, which would later become

Soul on Ice. They soon developed a regular correspondence and Axelrod would visit Cleaver frequently. In the subsequent months, they entered into a romantic relationship, with plans to marry once Cleaver got out of prison. Cleaver was released from jail in December 1966. He became the Minister of Information for the Black Panther Party, with Axelrod playing an active role in the group as well. As Cleaver rose to prominence, both he and his associates felt that it would be more appropriate for Cleaver as a Black revolutionary activist to be involved with a Black woman rather than a white woman--a sentiment that greatly contributed to the deterioration of Cleaver's relationship with Axelrod over the following year. Axelrod later sued Cleaver over his attempt to alter the royalty agreement they had come to regarding Soul on Ice, which she had helped him to publish and which contained excerpts from their 1965-1966 correspondence.

Upon leaving California shortly after the end of her association with Cleaver, Axelrod spent time in the Southwest working with activist Elizabeth "Betita" Martínez on the Mexican American land rights movement. Axelrod then moved to Grenada in 1969. She went on to spend time in Europe, returning to the United States in 1972. After hearing about the Wounded Knee siege in 1973, she traveled to South Dakota and helped provide legal services for those involved. In 1975, she became an Administrative Law Judge for the California Agricultural Labor Relations Board.

In 1979, Axelrod founded Ace Investigations, a private investigation firm, which she continued to operate until her death.

Axelrod died at the age of 78 on June 19, 2002, in Pacifica, California.

"Beverly Axelrod, attorney and activist, dies." Napa Valley Register, June 22, 2002. Accessed September 23, 2019.ínez, Elizabeth. "'Social Justice' Salutes Beverly Axelrod." Social Justice 29, no. 1/2 (2002): 186-87. biographical material derived from the collection.

Melanie (Lani) Kask (later Axelrod, later Wills) married Clayton Axelrod in 1989. In 1993, she started on a project to chronicle her mother-in-law's life and relationship with Eldridge Cleaver. This project eventually became a dissertation through the University of California, Berkeley.

"Obituaries: Clayton Axelrod '70." Reed Magazine, May 1996. Accessed September 23, 2019. biographical material derived from the collection.

The Beverly Axelrod papers document Axelrod's personal life and professional career as both a lawyer and an activist, with a great deal of the material showcasing her relationships with various individuals and groups devoted to activism, civil rights, and social justice. The collection contains correspondence, legal files, organization documentation, activist literature, state and federal records, and ephemera. The collection has been arranged into four series: I. Personal/Biographical; II. Professional; III. Eldridge Cleaver; IV. Melanie (Lani) Kask.

Series I., which spans from 1935 to 2002, contains materials relating to Axelrod's friendships, pastimes, travels, and other aspects of her personal life, as well as some of the highlights of her legal career. Subseries A. consists of correspondence, official documents regarding personal business, subject files regarding private activities or interests, and materials describing Axelrod's career accomplishments. Subseries B. contains files arranged by name, with each folder comprising material from or about individuals such as family members, friends, and professional acquaintances. Subseries C. features largely personal photographs from various eras in Axelrod's life, and Subseries D. consists of documentation of Axelrod's death and retrospectives on her career.

Series II. documents Axelrod's time as an attorney and activist from 1946 to 1999. Subseries A. consists of materials relating to Axelrod's certifications and general professional activities, as well as assorted legal resources. Subseries B. comprises files on the various cases and causes with which she was involved as a lawyer. The subseries contains both legal files for specific cases and topical files for activities and issues in which she was an attorney or consultant. Some of the movements represented in this series include the Delano grape strike, the San Francisco civil rights protests of 1963 and 1964, and San Francisco school desegregation. Subseries C. contains material from Axelrod's participation in various civil rights and social justice activism organizations. A large portion is dedicated to Axelrod's work with the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), represented by such materials as memos, newsletters, meeting minutes, and correspondence, as well as her work with the Black Panther Party, represented by such materials as pamphlets, correspondence, and newsletters. Other materials from Axelrod's association with specific organizations include agendas, minutes, and newsletters from the National Lawyers Guild (NLG) and newsletters, memos, and reports from the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). Subseries D. features several informational booklets from a variety of New Left organizations, assorted manifestos, and topical files on different causes.

Series III. comprises materials that document Eldridge Cleaver and Beverly Axelrod's relationship as well as Cleaver's incarceration and subsequent rise to fame. These materials span from 1954 to 1998. Subseries A. contains the 1965-1966 correspondence between Axelrod and Cleaver during the latter's time in prison. These letters are all photocopies rather than original material. Subseries B. contains reports on Cleaver, primarily by the California Department of Corrections, both during his incarceration and following his release. These reports are also photocopies. Subseries C. and D. are largely original material. Subseries C. consists of materials relating to Axelrod's suit against Cleaver regarding royalties for

Soul on Ice, and includes court documents and manuscript drafts. Subseries D. features several published articles by Cleaver and ephemera from his various public engagements.

Series IV. contains Melanie (Lani) Kask's research materials, as well as her correspondence with Axelrod, Cleaver, and other individuals. The series also includes transcriptions and photocopies of the Axelrod-Cleaver 1965-1966 correspondence, as well as various drafts of Kask's dissertation. The majority of materials are from 1993-2009.

As Kask had control of Axelrod's papers for several years, it is possible that small amounts of her research materials have been incorporated into other parts of the collection beyond Series IV. Two large sets of material obtained by Kask were purposefully included in other series: the photocopied letters between Axelrod and Cleaver in Series III.A. and the photocopied incarceration records and reports in Series III.B.

Boxes 1-15: Shelved in SPEC MSS record center cartons

Box 16: Shelved in SPEC MSS record center cartons (6 inches)

Boxes 17-18: Shelved in SPEC MSS oversize boxes (18 inches)

Box 19: Shelved in SPEC MSS manuscript boxes (1 inch)

Videocassettes: Shelved in SPEC Media

Melanie Kask gained possession of the majority of the collection material in cleaning out Beverly Axelrod's office following her 2002 death. Photocopies of both the letters between Axelrod and Cleaver and Cleaver's prison records were acquired by Melanie Kask prior to 1998. Kask later handed the combined material along with her own papers to a third-party dealer, from whom Special Collections acquired the material in 2010.

Purchase, 2010

Processed and encoded by Shelby Daniels-Young, September 2019-February 2020.

The following were removed and cataloged with imprints in Special Collections. They can be accessed by searching the library catalog.

Blawis, Patricia Bell.

Tijerina and the Land Grants: Mexican Americans in struggle for their heritage. New York: International Publishers, 1971.

Major, Reginald.

A Panther is a Black Cat. New York: William Morrow and Company, 1971.

Williams, Robert F.

Negroes with Guns. New York: Marzani & Munsell, 1962.

X, Marvin.

Eldridge Cleaver, My Friend the Devil. Berkeley: Black Bird Press, 2009.

Some files regarding individual and family legal cases were deaccessioned due to privacy concerns.

University of Delaware Library Special Collections
Finding Aid Author
University of Delaware Library, Special Collections
Finding Aid Date
2020 March 30
Access Restrictions

The collection is open for research. Some materials in this collection are subject to the following access restrictions:

Personal information. In order to protect individual privacy, certain files in the collection are restricted. Restricted files are indicated in the content list and consist of Box 19, Folder 1. Contact manuscripts staff for more information or to request access.

This collection contains audiovisual media. Our ability to provide access to audiovisual materials that have not been digitized may be limited. Please contact manuscripts staff for more information.

This collection contains digital content that can be viewed in the Special Collections reading room. Please contact manuscripts staff for more information.

Use Restrictions

Use of materials from this collection beyond the exceptions provided for in the Fair Use and Educational Use clauses of the U.S. Copyright Law may violate federal law. Permission to publish or reproduce is required from the copyright holder. Please contact Special Collections Department, University of Delaware Library,

Collection Inventory

Scope and Contents

This subseries varies widely in terms of content, and includes but is not limited to correspondence with friends and colleagues, files on miscellaneous subjects of interest, health and property documents, and retrospectives on Axelrod's career. Several folders do not have an obvious central subject or focus.

Childhood papers, 1935-1936, 1945.
Box 1 Folder F1
Correspondence, official documents, miscellany, 1953-1993.
Box 1 Folder F2-F7
Scope and Contents

Includes a copy of Axelrod's birth certificate.

Clippings and reference files, 1957-2001, undated.
Box 1 Folder F8-21
Newspaper clippings mentioning Beverly Axelrod, 1963-1965, undated.
Box 1 Folder F22
Correspondence with Elizabeth "Betita" Martínez, writings, biographical profiles, 1969-1977, undated.
Box 1 Folder F23
Scope and Contents

Contains a manuscript draft of Axelrod's essay "The Radical Lawyer."

Correspondence about publications and activism, 1969-1978, 1987, undated.
Box 1 Folder F24
Radical Lawyers: Their Role in the Movement and in the Courts, 1971.
Box 1 Folder F25
Scope and Contents

Contains an essay by Axelrod entitled "The Radical Lawyer."

Newspaper clippings of Jerry Rubin case and administrative law ruling, 1976, 1977.
Box 1 Folder F26
Career accomplishments and publication references, 1986, 1996-1997, undated.
Box 1 Folder F27
Grenada, 1969-1987, undated.
Box 1 Folder F28-32
Esplanade house, 1975-1997.
Box 1 Folder F33-35 Box 2 Folder F1-3
Birthday party and graduation announcements/programs, 1991-1992.
Box 2 Folder F4
Four poems with unknown author, undated.
Box 2 Folder F5
Poker, undated.
Box 2 Folder F6
Stencil artwork depicting a police officer grabbing a civilian, undated.
Box 18 Folder F1
Scope and Contents

This subseries contains folders dedicated to specific individuals with whom Axelrod had a personal relationship. Several folders contain clippings and ephemera documenting and celebrating individuals' lives and careers. Other folders consist of correspondence that ranges from personal to professional in nature. There are also some manuscripts and publication project materials.

Archie Brown memorial, 1990 December 15.
Box 2 Folder F7
Charles Driscoll, 1987.
Box 2 Folder F8
Jo Freeman retrospective on Bay Area civil rights demonstrations, circa 1996-1997.
Box 2 Folder F9
"Establishing Ourselves in the Postwar World" by Robert W. Fuller, 1987.
Box 2 Folder F10
Physical Description

Computer typescript.

"What We'll Do in a Postwar World" by Robert W. Fuller, 1987.
Box 2 Folder F11
Physical Description

Computer typescript.

Charles R. Garry funeral program, 1991 September 22.
Box 2 Folder F12
John "Tito" Gerassi, 1970-1993.
Box 2 Folder F13-15
Publication project about Pierre Goldman, circa 1976.
Box 2 Folder F16
Len Holt, 1961-1963.
Box 2 Folder F17
Nicole Joyce Jarrett, 1953-2001.
Box 2 Folder F18
Percy Jones, 1964-1965.
Box 2 Folder F19
Elizabeth "Betita" Martínez birthday tribute, 1995 December 11.
Box 2 Folder F20
Jessica Mitford memorial, 1996 July 29.
Box 2 Folder F21
Huey Newton clippings, 1967-1993.
Box 2 Folder F22
Fran Peavey, 1991-1992.
Box 2 Folder F23
Angelo Quattrocchi, 1970-1997.
Box 2 Folder F24
Elsa Knight Thompson, 1967-1983.
Box 2 Folder F25-26
Doris Walker honored by National Lawyers Guild, 1981 June.
Box 2 Folder F27
Card from "Charles", undated.
Box 2 Folder F28
Chapters 1-4 by "David", undated.
Box 2 Folder F29
Chapters 5-8 by "David", undated.
Box 2 Folder F30
Letter from "Patrick" to Axelrod about Wounded Knee Legal Defense Offense Committee, 1993.
Box 2 Folder F31
Chapter 44 by unknown, undated.
Box 2 Folder F32
Scope and Contents

This subseries primarily contains photographs from Axelrod's life before moving to California and her later years after leaving active practice as an attorney, along with some miscellaneous photographs from other points in Axelrod's life and of scenes in Vietnam.

Slide box 1, 1941-1949, undated.
Box 2 Folder F33
Slide box 2, 1945-1953, undated.
Box 2 Folder F34
Slide box 4, 1951-1954, undated.
Box 2 Folder F35
Scope and Contents

There is no slide box 3.

Loose slides, 1949, 1954, undated.
Box 2 Folder F36
Vietnam photographs, circa 1964-1965, 1978.
Box 2 Folder F37-38
Scope and Contents

Scenes of protests and war in Vietnam.

Hanoi rally photograph, 1960s-1970s.
Box 2 Folder F39
Scrapbook page, 1995.
Box 2 Folder F40
78th birthday party, 2002.
Item 0884_0001
Physical Description

0.059 GB (120 files)

Photograph album 1, undated.
Box 2 Folder F41
Photograph album 2, undated.
Box 2 Folder F42
Loose photograph album pages, undated.
Box 3 Folder F1
Negatives, undated.
Box 3 Folder F2
Photocopied photographs of Axelrod and Cleaver, undated.
Box 3 Folder F3
Death, 2002.
Box 3 Folder F4
GirlSource: "The 2002 Women of Achievement, Vision, and Excellence", 2002.
Box VHS 6 Item 0884_vhs_0001
Physical Description


GirlSource: Beverly Axelrod interview, 2002 June 11.
Box VHS 6 Item 0884_vhs_0002
Physical Description


Social Justice, vol. 29, no. 1-2, 2002.
Box 3 Folder F5
Scope and Contents

Contains the article "Social Justice Salutes Beverly Axelrod."

California State Bar registration, 1949-1959.
Box 3 Folder F6
Correspondence and legal documents, 1954-1966.
Box 3 Folder F7-8
John W. Bussey and Axelrod, 1955-1956.
Box 3 Folder F9
Application to practice law before the Treasury Department, 1956-1958.
Box 3 Folder F10
Payroll and tax forms, 1958-1967.
Box 19 Folder F1
Speaking engagements and conferences, 1962-1965.
Box 3 Folder F11
Assorted legal information, 1965-1967, 1980-1995, undated.
Box 3 Folder F12
Assorted legal forms and ephemera, 1973-1992, undated.
Box 3 Folder F13-14
Freedom of Information Act files, 1975-1976.
Box 3 Folder F15
Financial activities and miscellaneous material, 1979, 1992, 1995, undated.
Box 3 Folder F16
TRANET, 1993.
Box 3 Folder F17
"Brooklyn Law School Directory of California Alumni/ae", 1998 September.
Box 3 Folder F18
Business cards, undated.
Box 3 Folder F19
Burks, 1959-1964.
Box 3 Folder F20
James L. Bush--Partial file, 1958.
Box 3 Folder F21
James Dawson, 1961.
Box 3 Folder F22
Fromer-Robinson-MacMinn partnership agreement, 1964-1965.
Box 3 Folder F23
Jerry Jarrett, 1949-1962.
Box 3 Folder F24
Scope and Contents

Contains information regarding the National Dispenser Corporation.

Reginald Major--Debt collection--Wills, lease, etc, 1958-1966.
Box 3 Folder F25
Mouton, 1959-1960.
Box 3 Folder F26
Neal Nash advs. Robert A. Wentworth--Libel, slander, damages, 1960-1963.
Box 3 Folder F27
Ida Radin (estate), 1948, 1958-1962.
Box 4 Folder F1
James A. Romanoff (Eagle Realty), 1966.
Box 4 Folder F2
Ernest M. Slocum, Jr., 1962.
Box 4 Folder F3
Johnny Joseph Vacca, 1961-1966.
Box 4 Folder F4
Royce Vaughn, 1963-1966.
Box 4 Folder F5
Helen Wertheimer--Last will, 1959-1966.
Box 4 Folder F6
Connie Williams (Connie's Restaurant), 1962-1966.
Box 4 Folder F7
Witches Hut--Andrew Mann, 1962-1963.
Box 4 Folder F8
Zanzer Club, circa 1956-1957.
Box 4 Folder F9

This subseries is arranged chronologically.

Atomic Energy Commission, 1957-1958.
Box 4 Folder F10
Fair Employment Practice and related miscellaneous civil rights, 1959-1965.
Box 4 Folder F11-12
House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) activism, 1959-1967.
Box 4 Folder F13-17
Robert Joseph Meisenbach, 1960-1961.
Box 4 Folder F18
Carlton Goodlett regarding schools, 1960.
Box 4 Folder F19
La Roche vs. Board of Education, 1962-1963.
Box 4 Folder F20
School segregation, 1961-1965.
Box 4 Folder F21-23 Box 5 Folder F1-5
Everyman I, circa 1962.
Box 5 Folder F6
Contact information notes and forms, 1964.
Box 5 Folder F7
Voter challenge kit, 1964.
Box 5 Folder F8
Poverty and welfare bulletins, 1964-1966.
Box 5 Folder F9
Miscellaneous--Prisoner letters, 1964-1967.
Box 5 Folder F10
Beverly Axelrod notes--Courtroom etc, 1964.
Box 5 Folder F11
Change of address correspondence with defendants, 1964.
Box 5 Folder F12
Complaints, 1964.
Box 5 Folder F13
Defendants' statements, 1964.
Box 5 Folder F14
Docket and minutes, 1964.
Box 5 Folder F15
Lawyers--Lists & miscellaneous, 1964.
Box 5 Folder F16
Miscellaneous legal, 1964-1966.
Box 5 Folder F17
People v. Sims, 1964.
Box 5 Folder F18
Publicity, 1964.
Box 5 Folder F19
Retainers--Cadillac I, 1964.
Box 5 Folder F20
Retainers--Cadillac II, 1964.
Box 5 Folder F21
Retainers--Sheraton I, 1964.
Box 6 Folder F1
Retainers--Sheraton II, 1964.
Box 6 Folder F2
Disqualification of judges, 1964.
Box 6 Folder F3
Free transcripts, 1964-1965.
Box 6 Folder F4
Habeas corpus, 1964.
Box 6 Folder F5
Writ of prohibition, 1964.
Box 6 Folder F6
Voir dire, circa 1964.
Box 6 Folder F7
Newspapers and photographs, 1964.
Box 6 Folder F8
Miscellaneous regarding appeals, 1965-1966.
Box 6 Folder F9
Miscellaneous correspondence and hotel agreement, 1964-1966.
Box 6 Folder F10
Mel's cases, 1964-1965.
Box 6 Folder F11
Retainers--Other cases, 1964.
Box 6 Folder F12
People v. Gregory, People v. Burbridge, 1964.
Box 6 Folder F13
University of California sit-ins, 1965-1966.
Box 6 Folder F14
Vietnam Day Committee, 1965-1966.
Box 6 Folder F15
Delano grape strike, 1965-1966.
Box 6 Folder F16-18
Miscellaneous correspondence (regarding civil rights), 1965-1967.
Box 6 Folder F19
John Muir School boycott, 1967.
Box 6 Folder F20
1967 anti-draft Oakland arrests, 1967.
Box 6 Folder F21
Stop the Draft Week--October 1967, circa 1967.
Box 6 Folder F22

This subseries is arranged chronologically, with the exception of the first folder.

CORE, 1961-1965.
Box 6 Folder F23-24
CORE--Housing--Partial file, 1960-1963.
Box 6 Folder F25
Lesser writ of habeas corpus, 1960, 1963, undated.
Box 6 Folder F26
Bank of America and equal employment campaigns, 1961-1964.
Box 6 Folder F27
CORE, Montgomery Ward vs., 1963.
Box 6 Folder F28
CORE vs. Samuels, 1963.
Box 6 Folder F29
James Farmer documents and CORE department reports, 1963.
Box 6 Folder F30
"The FBI's Role in the Field of Civil Rights", 1963.
Box 6 Folder F31
Louisiana documents, notes, and ephemera, 1963.
Box 6 Folder F32
March on Washington, civil rights bill, newsletters, 1963.
Box 6 Folder F33
Meeting minutes, memos, activism campaigns, 1963.
Box 6 Folder F34
Contact lists and education series proposal, 1963, undated.
Box 6 Folder F35
National Action Council and Western Region, circa 1963.
Box 7 Folder F1
Louisiana, 1963-1964.
Box 7 Folder F2-3
San Francisco and Louisiana activity and miscellaneous, 1963-1964.
Box 7 Folder F4
CORE--Correspondence, 1963-1964, 1966.
Box 7 Folder F5
Miscellaneous projects and campaigns, 1963-1964, undated.
Box 7 Folder F6
William Bradley & CORE (defendants)--Hattie Morris v. Bradley et al, 1964.
Box 7 Folder F7
National Action Council Steering Committee minutes, 1964.
Box 7 Folder F8
Hattiesburg, 1964-1965.
Box 7 Folder F9
CORE--Miscellaneous, 1964-1966, undated.
Box 7 Folder F10-11
Newspaper clippings about Louisiana and civil rights movement, 1960s.
Box 7 Folder F12
Statement regarding San Francisco school segregation, 1960s.
Box 7 Folder F13
"The Black Panther Party" booklet, 1966 June.
Box 7 Folder F14
The Black Panther, 1967-1968.
Box 17 Folder F1-7
Scope and Contents

Vol. 1, No. 1 (1967 April 25); Vol. 1, No. 2 (1967 May 15); Vol. 1, No. 3 (1967 June 20); Vol. 1, No. 4 (1967 July 3); Vol. 1, No. 5 (1967 July 20); Vol. 1, No. 6 (1967 November 23); Vol. 2, No. 3 (1968 May 18)

Notes, correspondence, newsletter, typescript, 1967-1968.
Box 7 Folder F15
James Forman keynote speech, 1967 November 23.
Box 7 Folder F16
Letter from Kathleen Neal to Huey Newton, 1967 November 29.
Box 7 Folder F17
Letter from Huey Newton to La Verne Williams, 1967 December 8.
Box 7 Folder F18
Letters from La Verne Williams to Beverly Axelrod, 1968 April 8, 1968 May 16.
Box 7 Folder F19
Bobby Hutton memorial, 1968.
Box 7 Folder F20
"Ministry of Information Black Paper", 1968.
Box 7 Folder F21
Police brutality, 1968.
Box 7 Folder F22
Speakers kit: "History of the Black Panther Party", 1968.
Box 7 Folder F23
Physical Description


"Bring Huey Home" flyer, 1969.
Box 7 Folder F24
Transcript of recorded message from Huey Newton to Eldridge Cleaver, circa 1970 July 9.
Box 7 Folder F25
"The Original Vision of the Black Panther Party" booklet, circa 1973.
Box 7 Folder F26
National Hard Times Conference form letter, 1975 November 20.
Box 7 Folder F27
"Statement by Huey P. Newton", 1977 July 23.
Box 7 Folder F28
Huey Newton, 1977 October 30, undated.
Box 7 Folder F29
Release Huey, vol. 1, no. 1, 1987 August 1.
Box 7 Folder F30
Servant of the People!! play, 1993 July 29, 1995 January 25.
Box 7 Folder F31-32
Donald Cox, 1994-1995, undated.
Box 7 Folder F33
Maiden Voyage by Donald Cox, 1990s.
Box 7 Folder F34
Physical Description

Computer typescript.

Black panther crayon drawing by "Anita", undated.
Box 7 Folder F35
"The Catechism of the Revolutionist" booklet, undated.
Box 7 Folder F36
The Food Conspiracy flyers, undated.
Box 7 Folder F37
Frank Cieciorka booklet, undated.
Box 7 Folder F38
"Justice for Huey P. Newton and the Black Panther Party" form letter, undated.
Box 7 Folder F39
Statements, poems, subscription form, legal aid document, undated.
Box 7 Folder F40
Statements, workshops, poem, undated.
Box 7 Folder F41
II.C.3.. National Lawyers Guild (NLG), 1955-1967.
Box 7 Folder F42-46

This subseries is arranged chronologically, with the exception of the first folder.

NAACP, 1963-1966.
Box 8 Folder F1
Legal redress, 1955-1957.
Box 8 Folder F2
Turner et al, 1964, undated.
Box 8 Folder F3
II.C.5.. Ace Investigations, 1980-1989.
Box 8 Folder F4-5
Presidio Hill School, 1946-1959.
Box 8 Folder F6
Youth for Service, 1952-1962.
Box 8 Folder F7-9
Twin Peaks School, 1957-1959.
Box 8 Folder F10
American Friends Service Committee, 1957-1961.
Box 8 Folder F11
Lobby for Peace, 1960-1967.
Box 8 Folder F12-13
Ad hoc committee against blockade of Cuba, 1962.
Box 8 Folder F14
California Democratic Council, 1962-1966.
Box 8 Folder F15
Bogalusa--Committee for Concern, 1965.
Box 8 Folder F16
Council for Justice, 1966.
Box 8 Folder F17
Burnstein funds committee, 1966-1967.
Box 8 Folder F18
COYOTE: A Loose Woman's Organization membership card, circa 1973.
Box 8 Folder F19
Distribution of Weather Underground's Prairie Fire, 1974.
Box 8 Folder F20
Middle East Children's Alliance, circa 1990-1991.
Box 8 Folder F21
"Speak Truth to Power: A Quaker Search for an Alternative to Violence", 1955.
Box 8 Folder F22
San Francisco public policy activism, 1963.
Box 8 Folder F23
"The White Negro", circa 1963.
Box 8 Folder F24
"Praise to the Ap Bac Victory" song cards, circa 1963.
Box 8 Folder F25
"House Un-American Activities Committee: Bulwark of Segregation", circa 1964.
Box 8 Folder F26
Mississippi Challenge--1965, 1964-1966.
Box 8 Folder F27
Paul Albert, 1965.
Box 8 Folder F28
'The Committee'--Sit-in, 1965.
Box 8 Folder F29
International affairs, 1965.
Box 8 Folder F30
Lobbies, demonstrations, and organizations protesting Vietnam War, 1965.
Box 8 Folder F31
Vietnam, 1965-1967.
Box 8 Folder F32-33
Soulbook, vol. 1, no. 4, 1966.
Box 9 Folder F1
"Negroes in American History: A Freedom Primer", 1966.
Box 9 Folder F2
"Committee on Un-American Activities: Annual Report for the Year 1966", 1967.
Box 9 Folder F3
"Israel Über Alles: The Third Arab-Israeli War and the Double Standard", 1967.
Box 9 Folder F4
Anarchos, no. 1-2, 1968.
Box 9 Folder F5
"The Object is to Win", circa 1970.
Box 9 Folder F6
The Black Liberator, vol. 1, no. 1, 1971.
Box 9 Folder F7
"The Movement and the Workers", circa 1972.
Box 9 Folder F8
Weather Underground organization literature, 1973-1977.
Box 9 Folder F9
Prairie Fire, 1974.
Box 9 Folder F10
The Weather Eye: Communiques from the Weather Underground, 1974.
Box 9 Folder F11
Wounded Knee information booklet, 1974.
Box 9 Folder F12
"The Struggle for Justice and Redress in Northern New Mexico", 1974 October.
Box 9 Folder F13
Postcards from Bui Thi Cam, 1974 October 4.
Box 9 Folder F14
Vanguard Foundation, 1974-1975.
Box 9 Folder F15
"Critique of the Black Nation Thesis", 1975.
Box 9 Folder F16
Weather Underground Organization booklet, 1975 January 28.
Box 9 Folder F17
Skyhorse/Mohawk, circa 1975-1976.
Box 9 Folder F18
"The Last SLA Statement", 1976.
Box 9 Folder F19
New Mexico--Land grants, 1977, 1981, undated.
Box 9 Folder F20
"Ronald Reagan: The Frontier Restored?" and seminar program schedule, 1981.
Box 9 Folder F21
"Lakota Communications", 1982.
Box 9 Folder F22
"Lawyers Committee Against U.S. Intervention in Central America", circa 1982.
Box 9 Folder F23
"The Return of Jim Crow: The Bitter Fruit of the Reagan Court in Patterson v. McLean", 1988.
Box 9 Folder F24
"Jewish Women's Call for Peace: A Handbook for Jewish Women on the Israeli/Palestinian Conflict", 1990.
Box 9 Folder F25
Gerassi and political suspensions, undated.
Box 9 Folder F26

III.A.. Letters between Axelrod and Cleaver, 1965 May-1966 December.
Box 9 Folder F27-52
Scope and Contents

Although these materials are photocopies, their listed date corresponds to the date of the original documents rather than the date of reproduction.

Scope and Contents

Although these materials are photocopies, their listed date corresponds to the date of the original documents rather than the date of reproduction.

Intake records, 1954.
Box 10 Folder F1
Work, class, disciplinary reports, 1954-1966.
Box 10 Folder F2
Medical reports, 1954-1968.
Box 10 Folder F3
Disciplinary reports, 1954-1966, 1978.
Box 10 Folder F4
Progress reports and parole documents, 1955-1964.
Box 10 Folder F5-6
Parole report, 1957.
Box 10 Folder F7
Court records, 1958.
Box 10 Folder F8
Inmate complaint letters, 1963.
Box 10 Folder F9
Letter from Cleaver et al to Warden F.R. Dickson, 1963 June 9.
Box 10 Folder F10
Court hearing documents, 1965 July.
Box 10 Folder F11
Letters from Cleaver to Edward Keating, 1965 December.
Box 10 Folder F12
Correspondence regarding manuscript "White Woman, Black Man", 1966.
Box 10 Folder F13
Release documents, correspondence, reports, 1966 September-1967 January.
Box 10 Folder F14
Court transcripts, reports, parole documents, 1966 December, 1968 March-November.
Box 10 Folder F15
Sacramento arrest, 1967 May.
Box 10 Folder F16
Oakland shootout, 1968 April.
Box 10 Folder F17
Oakland shootout court proceedings, 1968 April.
Box 10 Folder F18-19
Medical reports, 1968 April-May.
Box 10 Folder F20
Telegrams and letters demanding release and parole reinstatement, 1968 April-May.
Box 10 Folder F21
Correspondence regarding parole, 1968 July.
Box 10 Folder F22
Parole reports and supplements, 1968 July-1969 January.
Box 10 Folder F23
Warrant documents and parole reports, 1968 November-December, 1975 November.
Box 10 Folder F24
California Medical Facility records, 1969-1973.
Box 10 Folder F25
Parole and arrest records, 1975 November-December.
Box 10 Folder F26
Summary of sentence data, 1976.
Box 10 Folder F27
Hearing, wanted documents, discharge, 1976 February-August.
Box 10 Folder F28
Arrest report and database search, undated.
Box 10 Folder F29
Reports, correspondence, permissions, 1954-1976.
Box 10 Folder F30-37 Box 11 Folder F1-22
Parole reports, 1967-1968.
Box 11 Folder F23-29
Depositions, 1966-1979.
Box 11 Folder F30-33
Royalties, correspondence, court documents, 1967-1995.
Box 11 Folder F34-36
Discovery documents, 1968-1974.
Box 11 Folder F37-38 Box 12 Folder F1
Pleadings, 1973-1978.
Box 12 Folder F2-6
L. Eldridge Cleaver--Folsom State Prison, 1965-1966.
Box 12 Folder F7
Soul on Ice galley proofs and correspondence, 1965-1969.
Box 12 Folder F8
Correspondence and Soul on Ice draft, 1965, 1973, undated.
Box 12 Folder F9-11
Axelrod--Handwriting exemplars, 1965-1979.
Box 12 Folder F12
L. Eldridge Cleaver--Manuscripts, literary, circa 1966.
Box 12 Folder F13
Correspondence, court documents, monetary interest agreements, 1966-1968, 1976-1977.
Box 12 Folder F14
Typescript draft of "White Woman, Black Man", 1967.
Box 12 Folder F15 Box 13 Folder F1-2
McGraw Hill-Axelrod composite contract file and medical, 1967-1968.
Box 13 Folder F3
McGraw Hill-Axelrod composite letter file, 1968-1975.
Box 13 Folder F4
McGraw Hill-Axelrod accounts, statements, 1970-1978.
Box 13 Folder F5
McGraw Hill-Axelrod treasury-trading with enemy licenses, regulations, letters, 1973-1975.
Box 13 Folder F6
First appellate district briefs and court proceedings, 1977.
Box 13 Folder F7
Royalties, correspondence, magazine clippings, 1982-1990.
Box 13 Folder F8
Publications, ephemera, correspondence, 1962-1967.
Box 13 Folder F9-10
Cleaver speaking engagements, 1965-1967.
Box 13 Folder F11
Book review and Cleaver profile, circa 1965-1969.
Box 13 Folder F12
Newspaper and magazine clippings, 1966-1979.
Box 13 Folder F13
The Sunday Ramparts, no. 8, 1967 January.
Box 13 Folder F14
Clippings and writings about Black Panther activity, 1967-1975.
Box 18 Folder F2-4
Serials, 1968-1977.
Box 13 Folder F15
Correspondence, essays, ephemera, 1968-1979, 1998.
Box 13 Folder F16
Rolling Stone, no. 195, 1975 September 11.
Box 13 Folder F17
New West, vol. 5, no. 10, 1980 May 19.
Box 13 Folder F18

"Homecoming", 1975 November-1976 January.
Box 13 Folder F19
Interview transcript, 1993 May.
Box 13 Folder F20
Letter of introduction, 1995.
Box 13 Folder F21
"The Political Evolution of Eldridge Cleaver" by John D. Hix, 1995.
Box 13 Folder F22
Correspondence between Kask and Cleaver, 1996-1998, 2009.
Box 13 Folder F23-24
Correspondence, 1997.
Box 13 Folder F25-26
Correspondence from or about Beverly Axelrod, 1997.
Box 13 Folder F27
Newspaper clippings about Cleaver, 1997-1998.
Box 13 Folder F28
Axelrod reflection and obituaries, 2002, undated.
Box 13 Folder F29
Ephemera and newspaper clipping, 2002, undated.
Box 13 Folder F30
Letter confirming publishing rights, 2006 December 20.
Box 13 Folder F31
Business cards, undated.
Box 13 Folder F32
Kask photograph printouts, undated.
Box 14 Folder F1
Notes and scraps, undated.
Box 14 Folder F2
"Soul Mates": preface and chapter one, 2000s.
Box 14 Folder F3
Transcriptions of Axelrod-Cleaver letters, circa 1995-2003.
Box 14 Folder F4-21
Stray pages of Axelrod-Cleaver letters, undated.
Box 14 Folder F22
Photocopied Axelrod-Cleaver letters, 1965 May-1966 December.
Box 14 Folder F23-29 Box 15 Folder F1-2
Scope and Contents

Although these materials are photocopies, their listed date corresponds to the date of the original documents rather than the date of reproduction.

Transcriptions of Axelrod-Cleaver letters (LK Copy), circa 1995-2003.
Box 15 Folder F3-11
Dissertation draft, 2003.
Box 15 Folder F12-15
"Soul Mates: The Prison Letters of Eldridge Cleaver and Beverly Axelrod", 2003.
Box 16 Volume Volume 1-3

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