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William H. Williams papers

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Held at: University of Delaware Library Special Collections [Contact Us]181 South College Avenue, Newark, DE 19717-5267

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Delaware Library Special Collections. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Overview and metadata sections

William H. Williams (1936-2007), noted scholar of Delaware history, served as a professor and leader for the University of Delaware Parallel Program in Georgetown, Delaware, and was highly involved in Delaware public life.

William H. Williams was born on June 9, 1936, in Port Jervis, New York, and spent his childhood on Long Island. He received his B.A. from Drew University in 1958 and a Master of Science in Education from Yeshiva University in 1959. From 1958 to 1963, Williams taught social studies in and near New York City. Pursing his interest in history, Williams entered the University of Delaware's history program in 1963, where he began a lifelong relationship, first as a student and later as a colleague, of the esteemed Delaware historian John Munroe. In 1971, Williams completed a Ph.D. in history and began his long career as a professor and leader of the University of Delaware Parallel Program in Georgetown, Delaware.

Williams came to be known as one of the preeminent historians and scholars of Delaware history, in the company of John Munroe and Henry Clay Reed. Williams published his first book in 1976, about the Pennsylvania Hospital, and subsequently authored six more books on the history of Delaware and the Delmarva Peninsula. He wrote on such topics as slavery, the Delmarva poultry industry, the history of Methodism, and the environment. In addition to his academic pursuits, Williams was deeply involved in state and local affairs, serving on the Delaware Humanities Council as well as many Georgetown community boards. He also had a deep commitment to the Wesley United Methodist Church in Georgetown. As part of the church leadership, he provided guidance for new members of the community, organized activities, and helped formulate long-term financial and spirtual goals. Upon his retirement in 2000, the University of Delaware History department established the William H. Williams Scholarship in Early American History, awarded to students who have an exceptional aptitude for history.

Williams passed away on April 7, 2007 in Venice, Florida, from colon cancer. He is survived by his wife, Helen G. Williams, and children Dawn W. Stitzel and Mark T. Williams. He was predeceased by one son. His final book, published posthumously in 2009 by the The Delaware Heritage Commission , is

Man and Nature in Delaware: An Environmental History of Delaware, 1631-2000 , a comprehensive history of man's interaction with nature in what is now the state of Delaware.

Scholarship honors late historian William H. Williams. UD Messenger, Vol. 15, no. 3, 2007. http://www.udel.edu/PR/Messenger/06/03/CNScholarship.html (accessed June 20, 2008). Heritage Commission announces publication of environmental history. UDaily, December 15, 2008. http://www.udel.edu/udaily/2009/dec/history120508.html (accessed December 17, 2008). Additional information derived from the collection.

The William H. Williams Papers, spanning the dates 1907-2006, comprise 11.6 linear feet of manuscripts, academic papers, correspondence, photographs, teaching materials, oral histories, and other sources relating to the research and writing of Williams, a prominent Delaware historian based in Sussex County, Delaware. The collection is divided into six series, with series III. through VI. corresponding to major subject areas studied by Williams.

Series I. contains Williams's personal documents. It includes his diplomas, correspondence (including letters from Williams's mentor and colleague, Delaware historian John Munroe), book reviews, lecture notes, and academic papers written by Williams, news articles regarding his activities, and an annoted copy of his 1985 book

Delaware : The First State : An Illustrated History of Delaware . It also includes slides of images used in his publications and classes, as well as slides of photographs taken by Williams personally. Much of the material in the series documents Williams's involvment with the University of Delaware Parallel Program and its evolution over the years. Included are minutes, memos, news articles, and correspondence to and from Williams and others on the subject of the Parallel Program, a two year Associates in Arts degree program offred by UD in conjunction with Delaware Technical & Community College, on the DTCC campuses in Wilmington, Dover, and Georgetown. The material documents various complications and difficulties faced by the program over the decades.

Series I. also documents Williams's involvement with the Delaware Humanities Forum and the local community. There are several awards received by Williams as well as material related to various causes, committees, and groups Williams was connected with over the years. This series includes transcripts of the 1976 Sussex County Oral History project, for which Williams served as project director, as well as short biographies of the interviewees.

Series II. contains articles, reports, and other documents relating to subject areas studied by Williams over the course of his career. This series includes many papers on topics of archeology, architecture, and the American frontier as well as material for History classes taught by Williams. There is information on the Pennsylvania Hospital, which was the topic of Williams's dissertation, and other medical instutions, as well as Delaware state statistics, information on the city of Wilmington, crime, Delaware politics, and transportation. Much of the information relates to historical sites in Delaware and includes images of these sites. There are also several resumes and biographical information collected by Williams.

Series III. contains material related to the environment and documents Williams's research towards his final book,

Man and Nature in Delaware: An Environmental History of Delaware, 1631-2000 . The majority of the material consists of news articles, environmental studies, soil assessments, weather statistics, academic reports, and other information relating broadly to humankind's impact on the environment in Delaware. The time period covered by the various works spans from prehistory to the present day. The series also includes three oral interviews conducted in 2004 by Williams on the subject of the environment and waste management. There are multiple drafts of Man and Nature in Delaware: An Environmental History of Delaware, 1631-2000 (earlier titled "Neither Garden Nor Desert"). The book explores the history of humankind's interaction with nature in Delaware and focuses on the consequences to the environment starting with European colonization of the area in 1631. It covers the rapid growth of industry in the state and follows state and federal efforts to address the resulting environmental problems.

Series IV. contains material related to slavery, civil rights, and race relations in Delaware. It includes academic research, news articles, census records, teaching materials, and drafts of Williams's book

Slavery and Freedom in Delaware, 1639-1865 . The aforementioned materials relate to the topics of slave ownership in Delaware, plantation life, and the population of slaves and free blacks prior to the American Civil War. The materials aslo concern the fate of blacks in Delaware after empancipation, race relations in Delaware, and the Civil Rights movement in the state. There are two drafts of Williams's book, one with annotations, and material related to the production of the book, such as image requests, reviews, and notes. Also included are a grant proposal, teaching packet, and video cassette of a 1997 WHYY television series, "Freedom's Edge: African-Americans in Delaware, 1639-1865," on the history of slavery in Delaware. The series was created with the help of Williams and University of Delaware professors Carol Marks and James Newton, and features a roundtable discussion in which Williams participates.

Series V. contains material related to Williams's personal and academic interest in Delaware Methodism. It includes material documenting his involvment in the Wesley United Church in Georgetown, Delaware, images of well-known Methodists, and reviews and correspondence regarding his book

The Garden of American Methodism: the Delmarva Peninsula, 1769-1820 . Also included is information gathered by Williams on early African-American Methodism and Barratt's Chapel (Frederica, Delaware), the oldest surviving church built by Methodists in the United States. The material related to Wesley United Church demonstrates Williams's involvement in church leadership and administration. It includes meeting minutes, strategic planning something, and in the form of meeting minutes, notes, Also included are packets from the church's Vision Team, responsible for future planning and development, and the Nuturing Committee, tasked with encouraging spiritual growth within the community as well as welcoming new members.

Series VI. contains material related to the poultry industry on the Delmarva Peninsula. It includes news articles, poultry association profiles and studies, information about the University of Delaware's Cooperative Extension program, and research towards Williams's book

Delmarva's Poultry Industry: 75 Years of Progress . The bulk of the material consists of poultry industry (broiler industry) histories, annual growers' reports, industry newsleters, news articles, and production assessments. Much of this material was used by Williams to write his book on the poultry industry. Because of the effect of large scale poultry farming on the environment, there is also some overlap with his work on the environmental history of Delaware. Another topic covered by this series is the effect of migrant labor on the Delamrva poultry industry and it contains news articles on the topic of immigration. Related to this are articles and reports documenting controversy surrounding the working conditions at poultry plants. Also included are audio tapes of oral interviews conducted by Williams. The interviews involve discussions with poultry industry owners and employees regarding their experiences. Acccompanying the interviews is a notebook containing brief notes taken by Williams about the interviews and the backgrounds of the interviewees.

Taken as a whole, the collection documents Williams's personal and professional journey as a historian mining topics essential to an understanding of Delaware. Benefitting from his residency in Sussex County and familiarity with life "below the canal," Williams's research on the topics of race relations, religious heritage, agriculture, and the poultry industry, as well as the natural and environmental history of the state resulted in publications and research that greatly enhance an appreciation of the state.

  1. Boxes 1-11: Shelved in ANNEX MSS record center cartons
  2. Box 11, F4: Shelved in SPEC Media video cassettes (VHS)
  3. Box 12: Shelved in SPEC MSS manuscript boxes
  4. Box 13: Shelved in SPEC Media audio cassettes

Gift of Mrs. William H. Williams, 2007.

Processed and encoded by Evan Echols, November 2008.

Publisher
University of Delaware Library Special Collections
Finding Aid Author
University of Delaware Library, Special Collections
Finding Aid Date
2008 July 3
Access Restrictions

The collection is open for research.

Use Restrictions

Use of materials from this collection beyond the exceptions provided for in the Fair Use and Educational Use clauses of the U.S. Copyright Law may violate federal law. Permission to publish or reproduce isrequired from the copyright holder. Please contact Special Collections Department, University of Delaware Library, https://library.udel.edu/static/purl.php?askspec

Collection Inventory

Scope and Contents

Includes diplomas, correspondence, book reviews, student evaluations, academic papers written by Williams, and news articles regarding him. Much of the material documents Williams' involvment with the University of Delaware Parallel Program and its evolution over the years. It also documents his involvement with local activities, This series includes transcripts of the 1976 Sussex County Oral History project, for which Williams served as project director, as well as signed release documents and short biographies of the interviewees.

Photos of William H. Williams.
Box 1 Folder F1
Williams Master of Science Diploma, 1959 June.
Box 1 Folder F2
Williams Resume.
Box 1 Folder F3
University Parallel Promotion Criteria and Procedures: Williams Portfolio, 1985.
Box 11 Folder F4
Physical Description

Oversize item. Placed in box 11

Williams retirement, 2000-2001.
Box 1 Folder F5
Presidential Citation for Outstanding Achievement: Recognition Ceremony, 1999.
Box 1 Folder F6
Certificate of Appreciation fron Loretta Martini Shackle.
Box 1 Folder F7
History Award Medal from the National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution, 1997.
Box 1 Folder F8
Alison Award, 1992-1993.
Box 1 Folder F9
Memorial Day speech, 1993 May 30.
Box 1 Folder F10
Misc. Williams correspondence, 1974, 1986-2004.
Box 1 Folder F11
Collective Bargaining Agreement between the University of Delaware and American Association of University Professors, 1996-2002.
Box 1 Folder F12
Williams notes on Georgetown, Delaware.
Box 1 Folder F13
"The Importance of Not Being an Eagle Scout" by William H. Williams, 1968 April.
Box 1 Folder F14
Articles on Cancer in Delaware, 1989, 1995.
Box 1 Folder F15
Articles on Cancer in Delaware, 2004-2005.
Box 1 Folder F16
Problems with Georgetown, Delaware high school students, 1998.
Box 1 Folder F17
Library Lecture: Sussex County Libraries and the Challenge of Media.
Box 1 Folder F18
Articles on "The First State: An Illustrated History of Delaware", 1985,1993, 1999.
Box 1 Folder F19
Second Edition of "The First State: An Illustrated History"- Image information, 1998-1999.
Box 1 Folder F20
"Delaware and Ratification: A Paradox Examined" by William H. Williams, 1987.
Box 1 Folder F21
"Delaware in 1791" by William H. Williams.
Box 1 Folder F22
Publication and marketing for "The First State".
Box 1 Folder F23
Book signing poster, Delaware : The First State : An Illustrated History, [no year] December 19.
Oversize Folder Oversize Folder 1
"Writing a History of Delaware: Some Problems and Surprises".
Box 1 Folder F24
Milford Book Discussion Club, 2001.
Box 1 Folder F25
Medical Biographies.
Box 1 Folder F26
Speech on Delaware in the constitutional period: Notes.
Box 1 Folder F27
Delaware Quiz and Lecture Notes.
Box 1 Folder F28
Proposals for Library Book Discussion Series, 2000 December 27.
Box 1 Folder F29
Corrections for "The First State".
Box 1 Folder F30
Reviews of "America's First Hospital".
Box 1 Folder F31
Smith Island Project, 1990-1992.
Box 1 Folder F32
Former Williams Students.
Box 1 Folder F33
"The First State" notebook.
Box 1 Folder F34
Delaware exhibit for bicentennial of U.S. Constitution notebook.
Box 1 Folder F35
Poem: "What Use History?".
Box 1 Folder F36
Arts and Science Campaign Steering Committee, 1998.
Box 1 Folder F37
Campaign for Delaware, 1998-1999.
Box 1 Folder F38
Notes for Ninth Annual Honors Day Program, 1994.
Box 1 Folder F39
The University Parallel Program in Georgetown: A History, 1987 January.
Box 1 Folder F40
University of Delaware Parallel Program: Correspondence, memoranda, and minutes.
Box 1 Folder F41
University of Delaware Parallel Program: Correspondence, memoranda, and minutes.
Box 1 Folder F42
University Parallel Program Annual Report, 1990-1991, 1991-1992.
Box 1 Folder F43
University of Delaware Parallel Program: Reports and studies.
Box 1 Folder F44
University of Delaware Parallel Program: Reports and studies.
Box 1 Folder F45
News articles regarding the University Parallel Program.
Box 1 Folder F46
State Senate tribute to William H. Williams, 2000 May 6.
Box 1 Folder F76
Delaware Constitution of 1897- Notes.
Box 1 Folder F47
MALS 667-430 course evaluations, 1994, 1999.
Box 1 Folder F48
HIST 667 course evaluation.
Box 1 Folder F49
MALS student evaluations, 1997.
Box 1 Folder F50
Early American Social History syllabus.
Box 1 Folder F51
Delaware Humanities Forum commentary, 1977-1980.
Box 1 Folder F52
Delaware Humanities Forum: Sussex Central Middle School Evaluations, 1993.
Box 1 Folder F53
Delmarva Discussions, 2000.
Box 1 Folder F54
John Munroe correspondence and news clippings.
Box 1 Folder F55
John Munroe memorial, 2006.
Box 1 Folder F56
Williams "Government II" class notes.
Box 1 Folder F57
Material related to MALS 603: "The American Frontier in Fact and Fiction" course.
Box 2 Folder F58
Material related to MALS 603: "The American Frontier in Fact and Fiction" course.
Box 2 Folder F59
Maps - Frontier course.
Box 2 Folder F60
Notebook: Williams publications.
Box 2 Folder F61
Misc. Williams academic material and correspondence, 1979-2003.
Box 2 Folder F62
News articles regarding Williams projects and publications.
Box 2 Folder F63
"Delaware in the 1890s" by William H. Williams.
Box 2 Folder F64
"The Early Days of Anglo-America's First Hospital: The Pennsylvania Hospital, 1751-1775" by William H. Williams, 1972 April 3.
Box 2 Folder F65
Articles related to "America's First Hospital, the Pennsylvania Hospital", 1972-1976, 1989.
Box 2 Folder F66
Notes on the Philadelphia General Hospital.
Box 2 Folder F67
Notes on the structure of colonial society.
Box 2 Folder F68
Interview notes, 2004-2005.
Box 2 Folder F69
Sussex County Oral History Project: Interviewee bios, 1976.
Box 2 Folder F70
Sussex County Oral History Project: Signed release documents, 1976.
Box 2 Folder F71
Oral History Project: Sussex County Bicentennial Committee, 1976.
Box 2 Folder F72
Annotated copy of "Delaware : the first state : an illustrated history of Delaware", 1985.
Box 11 Folder F73
Physical Description

Oversize item. Placed in box 11

Scope and Contents

Slides of images used in Williams publications and photographs taken by Williams.

Images for publications and Williams photos.
Box 12 Folder F74
Late 19th century 1865-1900.
Box 12 Folder F1
Industry I 1631-1865.
Box 12 Folder F2
Industry II 1860-.
Box 12 Folder F3
Indians.
Box 12 Folder F4
History of Wilmington.
Box 12 Folder F5
Fishing and wildlife.
Box 12 Folder F6
DuPont Co.
Box 12 Folder F7
Del. State amd County Institution.
Box 12 Folder F8
Del. Maps.
Box 12 Folder F9
Col. Del I.
Box 12 Folder F10
Col. Del II.
Box 12 Folder F11
Black Experience.
Box 12 Folder F12
The Beach.
Box 12 Folder F13
Antebellum and Civil War 1800-1865.
Box 12 Folder F14
Am. Rev.
Box 12 Folder F15
1945-1987 Del.
Box 12 Folder F16
1900-1945.
Box 12 Folder F17
Del 1783-1800.
Box 12 Folder F18
Audiocassette- Phil Toman: WNRK The Arts, 1985 November 27.
Box 13 Folder F75
Scope and Contents

Short radio broadcast mentioning "The First State: An Illustrated History of Delaware"

Scope and Contents

Contains articles, reports, and other documents relating to subject areas studied by Williams over the course of his career. It includes material for classes taught by Williams, various Delaware state statistics, resumes and biographical information, information on the Pennsylvania Hospital, and information about historical sites in Delaware.

Scholarly Resources Inc. material, 1996, 1999.
Box 2 Folder F1
1787-1788 Sussex County voter rolls, [1980].
Box 2 Folder F2
Delaware maps.
Box 2 Folder F3
"George Washington: The Myth and the Man".
Box 2 Folder F4
Delaware in the 1890s.
Box 2 Folder F5
Biographical sketches of delegates to Delaware's ratifying convention.
Box 2 Folder F6
Delaware: A Test Case in Colonial Typology.
Box 2 Folder F7
Journal of the American Medical Association, 1972 April 3.
Box 2 Folder F8
Journal of the American Medical Association article, 1976 July 5.
Box 2 Folder F9
Journal of the American Medical Association article, 1972, 1976.
Box 2 Folder F10
"Finnish Identity in America" by Holli, Hummasti, Karni, et al.
Box 2 Folder F11
"Country Full of Swedes" by Erskine Caldwell.
Box 2 Folder F12
Black history in the curriculum.
Box 2 Folder F13
Black history in the curriculum.
Box 2 Folder F14
The Georgia Historical Quarterly, 1965 March.
Box 2 Folder F15
"Facsimile Reprent Edition of the Cowgill Cook Book", 1973 December.
Box 2 Folder F16
Historic maps and land plots.
Box 2 Folder F17
"The Diary of Reverent Thomas Rankin".
Box 2 Folder F18
"Frederick Jackson Turner and the American Frontier".
Box 2 Folder F19
The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, 1973 October.
Box 2 Folder F20
Calendars, 1997, 1998.
Box 3 Folder F21
"An Illustrated Version of the Life and Death of the 'Wretched' Patty Cannon", 1976.
Box 3 Folder F22
Patty Cannon house.
Box 3 Folder F23
"The Judge Thomas White Site" by Allen B. Clark, 1990.
Box 3 Folder F24
Ross Mansion Quarter Historic Structure Report, 1992.
Box 3 Folder F25
"Poverty in a Land of Plenty" by Gregory A. Stiverson: Appendix A- The State Assessment of 1783, 1997.
Box 3 Folder F26
"Family Security in the Transition from Farm to City, 1750-1850" by Richard Bushman.
Box 3 Folder F27
The Accokeek Foundation, 1994.
Box 3 Folder F28
Center for Energy and Environmental Policy profile, 2003.
Box 3 Folder F29
"Delaware: 1945-1998" by Edward C. Ratledge, 1998.
Box 3 Folder F30
State of Delaware Office of the State Bank Commissioner Annual Report, 1997.
Box 3 Folder F31
"Expecting the Best for Delaware's Children: The Carper Administration's Plan", 1998.
Box 3 Folder F32
Crime in Delaware 1996, 1998 April.
Box 3 Folder F33
1997 Annual Assessment Report to the Cabinet Committee on State Planning Issues, 1998 July.
Box 3 Folder F34
Delaware Student Testing Program: State Summary Report 1998 Administration, 1999.
Box 3 Folder F35
Delaware maps and visitors guides.
Box 3 Folder F36
"Rethinking Delaware Archaology: A Beginning", 2003.
Box 3 Folder F37
"A Mammoth Fraud in Science" by J. Griffin, D. Meltzer, B. Smith, W. Sturtevant, 1998.
Box 3 Folder F38
"Heating and Cooking Systems in the George Read II House, New Castle, Delaware, 1802-1839" by J. Garrison, 1990.
Box 3 Folder F39
MA Thesis of Dawn Williams, 1990 August 27.
Box 3 Folder F40
Communities in Transition: Project Summary, 1999.
Box 3 Folder F41
Delaware education, 1999.
Box 3 Folder F42
Delaware prison statistics, 1999.
Box 3 Folder F43
Delaware Department of Transportation, 1999.
Box 3 Folder F44
Delaware gambling, 1998-1999.
Box 3 Folder F45
"Delaware: A Guide to the First State" notes.
Box 3 Folder F46
History 505: Seminar in Maryland History syllabus and course proposal, 1998.
Box 3 Folder F47
"Directory of American Scholars Eight Edition: Philosophy, Religion, and Law", 1982.
Box 3 Folder F48
1999 Sussex County Business and Education Conference information packet, 1999 October 27.
Box 3 Folder F49
Women's Suffrage in Delaware: Information packet.
Box 3 Folder F50
"Outline of History and Government of Delaware Part Two" by John A. Munroe, 1962.
Box 3 Folder F51
"From Confusion to Clarity: The Education of Daniel Berringan" by Daniel F. Shortridge, 1999 April 19.
Box 3 Folder F52
"Architechural Resources Survey Lewes Beach, Sussex County Delaware", 2001 March.
Box 3 Folder F53
"Architechural Resources Survey Lewes Beach, Sussex County Delaware", 2001 March.
Box 3 Folder F54
Images of Allee House, Lockermann House, and White's Chapel.
Box 3 Folder F55
Publications regarding Delaware and the American Revolution, 1976, 1991, 1997.
Box 3 Folder F56
"Privateers, Pirates and the Peninsula".
Box 3 Folder F57
"The National Vulcanized Fibre Company and Vulcanies Fibre Industry" by Manly P. Northam, 1942.
Box 3 Folder F58
Copy of Farmers' Day speech on Sussex County at Delaware College in 1914, 1994.
Box 3 Folder F59
Chrsitiana Hospital History, 1999.
Box 3 Folder F60
Prints of the Pennsylvania Hospital.
Box 3 Folder F61
Delaware politics, 1999.
Box 3 Folder F62
Listing of elected officals, 1989-1990.
Box 3 Folder F63
Delaware's economy.
Box 3 Folder F64
Delaware Agricultural Statistics Summary, 1997.
Box 3 Folder F65
Delaware State Museums, 1999.
Box 3 Folder F66
"Opening the American Countryside" by Richard L. Bushman.
Box 3 Folder F67
Russel Richey lecture at Barratt's Chapel, 1993.
Box 3 Folder F68
"James Tilton's Notes on the Agriculture of Delaware in 1788", 1946.
Box 3 Folder F69
Delaware 1998 Statistical Overview, 1998.
Box 3 Folder F70
Draft of academic paper by Ken Stuller, 2001.
Box 3 Folder F71
Annual Report of the Delaware Heritage Commission, 2002.
Box 4 Folder F72
"Delaware Agriculture in 1890".
Box 4 Folder F73
Morning News articles about Delaware's status as a border state, 1935, 1959.
Box 4 Folder F74
Collecting Delaware Books, 1994 October, 1995 April, 1996 February, April.
Box 4 Folder F75
Collecting Delaware Books, 1995.
Box 4 Folder F76
Research on Lenape populations in Delaware.
Box 4 Folder F77
Wilmington studies, reports, and news clippings, 1999.
Box 4 Folder F78
City of Wilmington Mayor's Report, 1993-1995, 1998.
Box 4 Folder F79
Baseball Information, 1993, 2003.
Box 4 Folder F80
The Rehoboth Beacon, 1873 July.
Box 4 Folder F81
John Munroe's "Delaware Becomes a State" and "Delaware: A Students' Guide to Localized History", 1968, 1987.
Box 4 Folder F82
"A Preliminary Inventory of the Older Records in the Delaware Archives", 1978.
Box 4 Folder F83
Delaware Technical and Community College: Delaware Collection.
Box 4 Folder F84
"Plain Stuff: Tinware in the Nineteenth Century" by Robert Friedel.
Box 4 Folder F85
"A Look at What is Valued in Delaware at Mid-Century".
Box 4 Folder F86
"Guidelines for Authors/Editors and Free-lancers".
Box 4 Folder F87
Judge Peter B. Jones.
Box 4 Folder F88
William B. Chandler III.
Box 4 Folder F89
Harold Bell Hancock.
Box 4 Folder F90
Rachel Carson.
Box 4 Folder F91
John Kern.
Box 4 Folder F92
Harmon R. Carey.
Box 4 Folder F93
Sam Glasscock.
Box 4 Folder F94
Anne Colwell.
Box 4 Folder F95
Tom Horton reume.
Box 4 Folder F96
Jack Murray.
Box 4 Folder F97
Raymond Callahan.
Box 4 Folder F98
Jeanette Eckman biographical information, 1934, 1972.
Box 4 Folder F99
Anthony Higgins biographical information, 1963, 1985.
Box 4 Folder F100

Scope and Contents

Contains material related to the environment and research towards Williams' final book, Man and Nature in Delaware: An Environmental History of Delaware, 1631-2000. Included are environmental assessment reports, articles on the environment, and multiple drafts of Man and Nature in Delaware: An Environmental History of Delaware, 1631-2000 (previously titled "Neither Garden Nor Desert").

Clean Air Act information.
Box 4 Folder F1
"Americans and Environment: The Controversy over Ecology", 1971.
Box 4 Folder F2
Eco-Discoveries: Nature-Based Tourism in Delaware, 1999.
Box 4 Folder F3
"An Economic Study of Land Utilization in Sussex County, Delaware" by R. O. Bausman, 1941 October.
Box 4 Folder F4
1787-1788 Meteorological observations, [2000].
Box 4 Folder F5
Nature and conservation magazines, 1996-1997, 2002-2005.
Box 4 Folder F6
Notes, reports, and contacts regarding Delaware environmental iniatives.
Box 4 Folder F7
Book reviews: Environmentalism, 2001-2002.
Box 4 Folder F8
Criticism of Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control and state government, 2000, 2001, 2005.
Box 4 Folder F9
Reports on utilization and environmental effects of animal waste, 1996-2000.
Box 4 Folder F10
Delaware Open Space Program: A Five Year Report, 1996 May.
Box 11 Folder F11
Physical Description

Oversize item. Placed in box 11.

Peer criticism of "Man and Nature in Delaware" draft, 2005-2006.
Box 4 Folder F12
1997 Census of Agriculture, 1997.
Box 4 Folder F13
Army Creek landfill, 1975-1976, 1981-1983, 2001, 2004.
Box 4 Folder F14
Articles on urban sprawl, 1999-2000, 2004.
Box 4 Folder F15
City of Wilmington water supply and sewer information, 1977-1979, 1999-2001.
Box 4 Folder F16
Arden, Delaware, 2004.
Box 4 Folder F17
Delaware temperature and rainfall statistics, 1895-2004, 2004.
Box 4 Folder F18
Delaware noreasters.
Box 4 Folder F19
The environmental research of William F. Ritter, 1993, 1996.
Box 4 Folder F20
Articles from Environmental History, 2000-2003.
Box 4 Folder F21
19th century environmental petitions.
Box 4 Folder F22
Delaware solid waste information, 2001-2002.
Box 4 Folder F23
"State-County-Local Cooperation Under Delaware Drainage Laws", 1959 December.
Box 4 Folder F24
Reports on Delaware forestry, 1907, 1977.
Box 4 Folder F25
Delaware forestry, 1908, 1952.
Box 4 Folder F26
Partial manuscript and notes for "Man and Nature in Delaware".
Box 4 Folder F27
Culture and environment of pre-contact Americas, 1987-1992, 2001.
Box 4 Folder F28
Articles on the environmental history of the americas, 1985, 1992-2001.
Box 4 Folder F29
"Transformations of the Earth: Towards an Agroecological Perspective in History" by Donald Worster.
Box 5 Folder F30
Draft of first chapter of "Man and Nature in Delaware", 2001.
Box 5 Folder F31
"Paleoenvironmental Studies of the State Route 1 Corridor: Context for Prehistory Settlement", 1994.
Box 5 Folder F32
Notes for Williams speech on environmental history.
Box 5 Folder F33
"Virginia's Environmental History" by Jack Temple Kirby, 1991.
Box 5 Folder F34
Journal entries and information from Williams' Alaska trip.
Box 5 Folder F35
1877 article "Some Vital Statistics of the City of Wilmington" by L.P. Bush, M.D., [2000].
Box 5 Folder F36
Delaware Game and Fish Commission, 1969, 1996.
Box 5 Folder F37
St. Jones River Watershed, 1961, 2000-2001.
Box 5 Folder F38
Prof. William Cronan biography and course descriptions.
Box 5 Folder F39
"A Place for Stories: Nature, History, and Narrative" by William Cronan, 1992.
Box 5 Folder F40
"The Philadelawareans: A Study in the Relations Between Philadelphia and Delaware in the Late 18th Century", 1945.
Box 5 Folder F41
"Water and Sewage Works in Wilmington, Delaware, 1810-1910" by Carol Hoffecker, 1981.
Box 5 Folder F42
Delaware soil assessments, 1966.
Box 5 Folder F43
Index and citations for "Man and Nature in Delaware".
Box 5 Folder F44
Delaware River, 1970, 1999, 2004.
Box 5 Folder F45
Articles on Delaware and Pennsylvania in the colonial era, 1992.
Box 5 Folder F46
Outline of chapter five of "Man and Nature in Delaware".
Box 5 Folder F47
Articles regarding the change in agriculture, 1995-2003.
Box 5 Folder F48
"Delaware's Aquifers and Ground Water" by William J. Wallace, Jr., 2004.
Box 5 Folder F49
Fishing and wildlife, 1998-2001.
Box 5 Folder F50
"Farming possibilities of the Delaware Maryland Virginia Peninsula", 1911.
Box 5 Folder F51
"Greenspace for Delaware's Future".
Box 5 Folder F52
"Protecting Delaware's Natural Heritage: Tools for Biodiversity Conservation", 1999.
Box 5 Folder F53
Draft of "Man and Nature in Delaware: An Environmental History of the First State".
Box 5 Folder F54
Draft of "Man and Nature in Delaware: An Environmental History of the First State".
Box 5 Folder F55
Draft of "Man and Nature in Delaware: An Environmental History of the First State".
Box 5 Folder F56
Draft of "Man and Nature in Delaware: An Environmental History of the First State".
Box 5 Folder F57
"Man and Nature in Delaware" editor's comments, 2006.
Box 5 Folder F58
Delaware waterfowl and horeshoe crab statistics, 2004.
Box 5 Folder F59
Delaware water quality report, 1979-1980.
Box 5 Folder F60
US Energy sector, 1998-2003.
Box 5 Folder F61
State of Delaware 2000 Watershed Assessment Report, 2000 1 April.
Box 5 Folder F62
Delaware Air Toxics Assessment Report, 2005 August.
Box 5 Folder F63
Delaware Solid Waste Authority Executive Summary for Statewide Solid Waste Management Plan, 1994 May.
Box 5 Folder F64
Articles and reports on Delaware flora and fauna, 1996-2003.
Box 5 Folder F65
Delaware air quality reports, 1977, 2000.
Box 5 Folder F66
Supreme Court case: C and A Carbone, Inc. v. Town of Clarkstown, New York, 1994.
Box 5 Folder F67
Pollution and toxins in Delaware, 1990-2004.
Box 5 Folder F68
The Delaware Conservationist, 1975, 1983.
Box 5 Folder F69
Articles on leaders of the environmental movement, 1945, 2000, 2005.
Box 5 Folder F70
Delaware conservation efforts and organizations, 1987, 2000-2005.
Box 6 Folder F71
3.5 Inch disks: "Neither Garden Nor Desert" and Del. Environmental History, 2003-2004.
Box 6 Folder F72
Research material for "Man and Nature in Delaware".
Box 6 Folder F73
"History of the Human Ecology of the Delaware Estuary", 1994.
Box 6 Folder F74
Images of animals, 2006.
Box 6 Folder F75
Notes for "Man and Nature in Delaware".
Box 6 Folder F76
Notes for "Man and Nature in Delaware", 2006.
Box 6 Folder F77
Notes and chapter one of "Man and Nature in Delaware".
Box 6 Folder F78
Early draft of "Neither Garden Nor Desert" (Man and Nature in Delaware).
Box 6 Folder F79
"Neither Garden Nor Desert" (Man and Nature in Delaware) Draft Pages 1-114.
Box 6 Folder F80
"Neither Garden Nor Desert" (Man and Nature in Delaware) Draft Pages 115-233.
Box 6 Folder F81
"Neither Garden Nor Desert" (Man and Nature in Delaware) Draft Pages 233-350.
Box 6 Folder F82
"The Prehistory of Lums Pond" by M. Petragila, D. Knepper, J. Rutherford, et al., 1998.
Box 6 Folder F83
Environmental History of Delaware- Notebook A.
Box 6 Folder F84
Environmental History of Delaware- Notebook B.
Box 6 Folder F85
Environmental History of Delaware- Notebook C.
Box 6 Folder F86
Environmental History of Delaware- Notebook D.
Box 6 Folder F87
Environmental History of Delaware- Notebook E.
Box 6 Folder F88
Environmental History of Delaware- Notebook F.
Box 6 Folder F89
Environmental History of Delaware- Notebook G.
Box 6 Folder F90
Environmental History of Delaware- Notebook H.
Box 6 Folder F91
Environmental History of Delaware- Notebook I.
Box 6 Folder F92
Environmental History of Delaware- Notebook J.
Box 6 Folder F93
Environmental History of Delaware- Notebook K.
Box 7 Folder F94
Environmental History of Delaware- Notebook L.
Box 7 Folder F95
N.C. Vasnki - Solid Waste, 2004.
Box 13 Folder 1
Mike Apgar, 2004.
Box 13 Folder 2
John Bryson, 2004.
Box 13 Folder 3

Scope and Contents

Contains material related to slavery, civil rights, and race relations in Delaware. It includes academic research, news articles, census records, teaching materials, and drafts of Williams' book Slavery and freedom in Delaware, 1639-1865. Also included are a grant proposal, teaching packet, and video cassette of a 1997 WHYY television series on the history of slavery in Delaware.

Pennsylvania Gazette- Delaware Runaway Slave Notice.
Box 7 Folder F1
"Lewes, A Harbor of Racial Harmony", [1998].
Box 7 Folder F2
"Newark Residents Recall City's Segregated Past", 1998 Feb 28.
Box 7 Folder F3
VHS- Freedom's Edge: African-Americans in Delaware 1639-1865.
Box 11 Folder F4
Scope and Contents

The video is also available for online viewing via RealVideo at http://www.whyy.org/aina/

WHYY Grant Proposal, 1997.
Box 7 Folder F5
Freedom's Edge study guide, 1997.
Box 7 Folder F6
Notes on the US Census in 1800, 1840, 1890.
Box 7 Folder F7
"A Biographical Sketch of Harry Hosier" by Joshua E. Licorish.
Box 7 Folder F8
List of slaves owned by William Ross.
Box 7 Folder F9
Chapter four of "Freedom by Degrees: Emancipation in Eighteenth-Century Pennsylvania" manscript, 1988.
Box 7 Folder F10
1797 tax summaries for Kent County, 1985.
Box 7 Folder F11
Articles on Maryland and Delaware slavery, 1936, 1953.
Box 7 Folder F12
Black culture in Delaware: Articles, reports, and notes.
Box 7 Folder F13
Notes on slave names by county.
Box 7 Folder F14
"The Gentrification of Kent County, Delaware, 1740-1776" by Richard L. Bushman.
Box 7 Folder F15
Paper on emancipation in five counties by Graham Hodges.
Box 7 Folder F16
"Changing Work Roles for Slave Labor in Chesapeake Agriculture, 1620-1820" by Lorena Walsh, 1984.
Box 7 Folder F17
"Blacks Who Stole Themselves: Fugitives From Slavery in the Eighteenth-Century Mid-Atlantic Region" by Billy Smith, 1990.
Box 7 Folder F18
"Priorities for the Development of a Historic Context for the Minority Experience in Delaware", 1991.
Box 7 Folder F19
Reports on slavery and abolition, 1949, 1987-1992.
Box 7 Folder F20
Articles on slavery by John Munroe.
Box 7 Folder F21
"Securing one of the Blessing of Liberty: Black Families in Lower New Castle, Delaware" by Bruce Bendler, 1993.
Box 7 Folder F22
"Dickinson Plantation Blacks and Their World in Kent County, Delaware" by Leroy Graham, 1988.
Box 7 Folder F23
Blacks in post Civil War Delaware.
Box 7 Folder F24
"'To Arise out of the Dust': Absalom Jones and the African Church of Philadelphia, 1785-1795" by Gary Nash, 1982.
Box 7 Folder F25
1800 Sussex County Census.
Box 7 Folder F26
Notes on 1800 Kent County Census.
Box 7 Folder F27
Racial politics in Delaware, 2001.
Box 7 Folder F28
Black Americans in Delaware: Articles, reports, notes.
Box 7 Folder F29
Black Americans in Delaware: Articles, reports, notes.
Box 7 Folder F30
"The First Federal Elections: A Teacher Resource Packet".
Box 7 Folder F31
"The Black American in Delaware" by Harold Hancock.
Box 7 Folder F32
Lincoln's plan for slaves in Delaware, 1919.
Box 7 Folder F33
"The World the Slaves Traders Made: Is There a Postrevisionism in Slavery Historiography?" by David W. Blight.
Box 7 Folder F34
Photocopy of 1897 Letter concerning E.I. DuPont.
Box 7 Folder F35
Black America historic sites.
Box 7 Folder F36
African-American history courses, 1985, 1988-1989.
Box 7 Folder F37
Little Creek Hundred, Kent County Population statistics.
Box 7 Folder F38
"To Labour for Myself: Hired Workers in Maryland, 1675-1783" by Christine Daniels, 1990.
Box 7 Folder F39
Articles on Paul Cuffe, 1961, 1986, 1992.
Box 7 Folder F40
"Empancipation Delayed: The Failure of Legislated Abolition in Delaware, 1770-1865".
Box 7 Folder F41
Comments on "Slavery and Freedom in Delaware", 1994.
Box 7 Folder F42
"Glimpses of African-American Society in Wilmington in the Late 1840s" by Peter T. Dalleo, 1991.
Box 7 Folder F43
Materials From an Exhibit on "Slavery and Freedom in Delaware".
Box 7 Folder F44
Materials From an Exhibit on "Slavery and Freedom in Delaware".
Box 7 Folder F45
Draft of "Slavery and Freedom in Delaware", 1996.
Box 8 Folder F46
Draft of "Slavery and Freedom in Delaware", 1996.
Box 8 Folder F47
Working Copy of "Slavery and Freedom in Delaware, 1639-1865" with Peter Kolchin's comments.
Box 8 Folder F48
Working Copy of "Slavery and Freedom in Delaware, 1639-1865" with Peter Kolchin's comments.
Box 8 Folder F49
Working Copy of "Slavery and Freedom in Delaware, 1639-1865" with Peter Kolchin's comments.
Box 8 Folder F50
Working Copy of "Slavery and Freedom in Delaware, 1639-1865" with Peter Kolchin's comments.
Box 8 Folder F51
Responses to "Slavery and Freedom", 1996-2003.
Box 8 Folder F52
Responses to "Slavery and Freedom", 1996-2005.
Box 8 Folder F53
Research and image requests for "Slavery and Freedom in Delaware", 1995-1996.
Box 8 Folder F54
Research for "Slavery and Freedom in Delaware, 1639-1865".
Box 8 Folder F55
Copyright agreement for "Slavery and Freedom in Delaware, 1639-1865", 1995.
Box 8 Folder F56
Articles on black-white relations, 1966, 1986-1998.
Box 8 Folder F57
Ross Mansion Quarter, 1994.
Box 8 Folder F58
Maps of Delaware plantations.
Box 8 Folder F59
MALS 667-431: Race in American History.
Box 8 Folder F60
Articles on race relations, Afrocentrism, and slavery reparations, 1996-1997, 2002.
Box 8 Folder F61
Slavery transpariencies.
Box 8 Folder F62
Civil rights in Delaware.
Box 8 Folder F63
Preliminary index for "Slavery and Freedom in Delaware, 1639-1865".
Box 8 Folder F64
Notebook: Illustrations for "Slavery and Freedom".
Box 8 Folder F65
Notebook: Civil Rights in Delaware.
Box 8 Folder F66
Notebook: Seminar in Colonial Social History.
Box 8 Folder F67
Black history in Delaware: Notebook A.
Box 8 Folder F68
Black history in Delaware: Notebook B.
Box 8 Folder F69
Black history in Delaware: Notebook C.
Box 8 Folder F70
Black history in Delaware: Notebook D.
Box 8 Folder F71
Black history in Delaware: Notebook E.
Box 8 Folder F72
Black history in Delaware: Notebook F.
Box 8 Folder F73
Black history in Delaware: Notebook G.
Box 8 Folder F74
Black history in Delaware: Notebook H.
Box 9 Folder F75
Black history in Delaware: Notebook I.
Box 9 Folder F76
Black history in Delaware: Notebook J.
Box 9 Folder F77
"4 blacks and 1 white talk briefly on segregation".
Box 14 Folder 1
"Songs of the American Slave".
Box 14 Folder 2

Scope and Contents

Contains material related to Williams' personal and academic interest in Delaware Methodism. It includes material documenting his involvment in the Wesley United Church in Georgetown, Delaware and reviews and correspondence regarding his book The garden of American Methodism : the Delmarva Peninsula, 1769-1820.

Methodism on Delmarva notebook 1.
Box 9 Folder F1
Methodism on Delmarva notebook 2.
Box 9 Folder F2
Methodism on Delmarva notebook 3.
Box 9 Folder F3
Reviews and correspondence - "Garden of American Methodism", 1984-1990.
Box 9 Folder F4
Reproductions of images of famous methodists.
Box 9 Folder F5
African American Methodism, 1966-1988.
Box 9 Folder F6
Illustrations related to African American Methodism.
Box 9 Folder F7
John Kern paper on Virginia churches, 2006.
Box 9 Folder F8
American Methodism, 1966-1993.
Box 9 Folder F9
Wesley United Methodist Church: Vision Team, 2001-2002.
Box 9 Folder F10
Wesley United Methodist Church: Nurturing Committee.
Box 9 Folder F11
Wesley United Methodist Church: Meeting minutes and Williams' speeches, 1993, 2001-2002.
Box 9 Folder F12
"What Wesley United Methodist Church Means to Me" by William H. Williams.
Box 9 Folder F13
Barratt's Chapel, 1999-2001.
Box 9 Folder F14

Scope and Contents

Contains material related to the poultry industry on the Delmarva Peninsula. It includes news articles, poultry association profiles and studies, information about the University of Delaware's Cooperative Extension program, and research towards Williams' book Delmarva's Poultry Industry: 75 Years of Progress. This series also includes information on immigration and it's effect on the Delmarva poutry industry as well as the working condiditions at poultry plants. Also included are audio tapes of oral interviews conducted by Williams.

News articles on "Delmarva's Poultry Industry: 75 Years of Progress", 1998.
Box 9 Folder F1
Delaware Poultry Improvement Association: Lee C. Hoffecker Jr.
Box 9 Folder F2
Immigration and working conditions in the poultry industry.
Box 9 Folder F3
Immigration and working conditions in the poultry industry.
Box 9 Folder F4
University of Delaware Experimental Substation, 1968, 1987.
Box 9 Folder F5
Cooperative Extension Work, 1930.
Box 9 Folder F6
Background information on the Delmarva Poultry Industr.
Box 9 Folder F7
Background information on the Delmarva Poultry Industr.
Box 9 Folder F8
Background information on the Delmarva Poultry Industr.
Box 9 Folder F9
Background information on the Delmarva Poultry Industr.
Box 9 Folder F10
Poultry industry studies, 1919-[1990].
Box 10 Folder F11
Poultry industry studies, 1919-[1990].
Box 10 Folder F12
Draft of "Delmarva's Chicken Industry: 75 Years of Progress".
Box 10 Folder F13
Draft of "Delmarva's Chicken Industry: 75 Years of Progress".
Box 10 Folder F14
Poultry industry newspapers, 1964, 1978, 1980.
Box 10 Folder F15
"Delmarva's Chicken Industry" transpariences.
Box 10 Folder F16
The National Colonial Farm Research reports, 1983-1984.
Box 10 Folder F17
The National Colonial Farm Research reports, 1977, 1979.
Box 10 Folder F18
Research material for "Delmarva's Poultry Industry: 75 Years of Progress".
Box 10 Folder F19
Research material for "Delmarva's Poultry Industry: 75 Years of Progress".
Box 10 Folder F20
Research material for "Delmarva's Poultry Industry: 75 Years of Progress".
Box 10 Folder F21
Research material for "Delmarva's Poultry Industry: 75 Years of Progress".
Box 10 Folder F22
Publishing information: "Delmarva's Poultry Industry: 75 Years of Progress", 1996-1998.
Box 10 Folder F23
Image requests for "Delmarva's Poultry Industry: 75 Years of Progress", 1999.
Box 10 Folder F24
The Broiler industry and the environment, 2001-2003.
Box 10 Folder F25
Eastern Shore Poultry Growers Exchange: Fact sheet, 1965.
Box 10 Folder F26
Origin of the Blue Hens.
Box 10 Folder F27
University of Delaware Substation.
Box 10 Folder F28
Correspondence with Roger Horowitz, 1997.
Box 10 Folder F29
"The Delmarva Farmer", 1998.
Box 10 Folder F30
Poultry industry disease control.
Box 10 Folder F31
The Delmarva Chicken Cooking Contest.
Box 10 Folder F32
Poultry industry reports, 1943, 1953, 1959-1960, 1972-1978.
Box 10 Folder F33
Delaware Poultry Improvement Association.
Box 10 Folder F34
Tension between poultry growers and companies.
Box 10 Folder F35
News articles on the poultry industry.
Box 10 Folder F36
Poultry industry statistics, 1958, 1964, 1980-1995.
Box 10 Folder F37
Interview notes: Willard Macalester and Ed Covell, 1993, 1995.
Box 10 Folder F38
Notes for "Delmarva's Chicken Industry: 75 Years of Progress".
Box 10 Folder F39
Showell Farms corporate profile, 1984.
Box 10 Folder F40
United States broiler industry, 1946-1948, 1957-1971, 1985, 1992-1996.
Box 10 Folder F41
Broiler Industry "Economic Survival Plan", 1970.
Box 10 Folder F42
Perdue Farms information, 1987, 1995-1997.
Box 10 Folder F43
Mountaire corporate profile, 1998.
Box 10 Folder F44
Pack family (Poultry growers), 1976, 1994-1996.
Box 10 Folder F45
Oral interview agreement forms: Delmarva Poultry Industry Inc., 1997-1998.
Box 10 Folder F46
Poultry Industry oral history notes.
Box 10 Folder F47
Scope and Contents

Interviews with poutry industry owners and workers.

Jerry Truitt.
Box 13 Folder 1
Willis Hancock.
Box 13 Folder 2
Ray Lloyd.
Box 13 Folder 3
David Ralston Pettyjohn.
Box 13 Folder 4
P. Coleman Townsend.
Box 13 Folder 5
Dan Palmer.
Box 13 Folder 6
Art Challman.
Box 13 Folder 7
Charley Marker.
Box 13 Folder 8
Harold Short.
Box 13 Folder 9
Milton Rabinowitz.
Box 13 Folder 10
David Givans.
Box 13 Folder 11
Frank Perdue.
Box 13 Folder 12a
Frank Perdue.
Box 13 Folder 12b
Jim Nicholson.
Box 13 Folder 13
John Hargreaves.
Box 13 Folder 14
J. Mckenny Willis.
Box 13 Folder 15
Preston Workman.
Box 13 Folder 16a
Preston Workman (second cassette).
Box 13 Folder 16b
Ben Quillen.
Box 13 Folder 17
Bob Street.
Box 13 Folder 18a
Bob Street.
Box 13 Folder 18b
Ken Layfield.
Box 13 Folder 19
Charles Spicer Jr.
Box 13 Folder 20
A. Eugene Bailey.
Box 13 Folder 21
Cordonsal Walters (African-American).
Box 13 Folder 22
Sylvester Harmon.
Box 13 Folder 23
Everett Conaway.
Box 13 Folder 24a
Everett Conaway.
Box 13 Folder 24b
Veterinarians - Albert S. Cosgrove, Morris Cover, Hiram Lasher, Stephen Hitchener.
Box 13 Folder 25a
Veterinarians (2nd tape).
Box 13 Folder 25b
Willard Macalester.
Box 13 Folder 27a
Willard Macalester.
Box 13 Folder 27b
Edward Covell.
Box 13 Folder 28a
Edward Covell.
Box 13 Folder 28b
Edward Covell.
Box 13 Folder 28c

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