Rowell family papers
Held at: University of Delaware Library Special Collections [Contact Us]181 South College Avenue, Newark, DE 19717-5267
This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Delaware Library Special Collections. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.
Overview and metadata sections
The siblings in the Rowell family, a Quaker family of Loudon, New Hampshire, recorded their responses to such national social and political issues in a series of correspondence among themselves as well as other acquaintances. John F. Rowell, Perley Rowell, and Sarah Ann Rowell discussed many national and local issues in the letters they exchanged throughout the period of 1849-1854.
John F. Rowell graduated from common school in Loudon, and then went on to assist at district schools in Weare, Lee, and Pembroke, New Hampshire. From 1851-1853 he attended Haverford College in Pennsylvania but never graduated. He eventually acquired a position at the Friends' School in Providence, Rhode Island, where he remained for 20 years. In 1875 he retired from teaching, moved to California and became involved in both agriculture and the lumber industry. The year of his death is unclear, but he was still living in 1885, when a history of his hometown in New Hampshire was published. John F. Rowell never married.
Perley W. Rowell was born in 1823, and married Caroline Clark in 1869. They had two children, Sarah W. and George W. Clark. The family lived in Loudon, where Perley engaged in local politics and community concerns.
Very little is known about Sarah Ann Rowell. She did attend school in New Hampshire, and she may have spent some time at a women's college in that state as well. She also spent some time as an editoress of a Loudon newspaper, The Star. In 1852 she suffered a severe illness, and it is unclear if she ever recovered from this illness. However, there are no letters addressed to her or written by her after that year.
Moses A. Cartland, born in 1805, was school master of two schools in New Hampshire, one at Weare and one at Lee, from 1834 to 1853. He appears frequently in the correspondence in this collection. He maintained a close relationship with the Rowell siblings, as well as other former students. He instructed both John and Sarah Rowell, and presumably Perley as well. A practicing Quaker, Moses was involved in the Friend's Society in New Hampshire, attending yearly meetings and other events. Early in his career he was a teacher at the Friends' Yearly Boarding School in Providence, Rhode Island. In addition to being an educator, he was very active in local and state politics, running for district representative as well as Post Master in New Hampshire.
Moses A. Cartland was an active abolitionist. He worked as contributor, printer, and editor of many publications, some of which were vocal about the abolition of slavery. Cartland was the editor of White Mountain Torrent, The New Hampshire Journal of Education, and New Hampshire Journal of Agriculture. He was also a correspondent for the National Era and the Independent Democrat. He was the second cousin and very close friend of John Greenleaf Whittier, a Quaker poet and vocal abolitionist. Cartland was involved in many of Whittier's early pursuits in journalism and publication, as well as being a personal confidant. Moses Cartland's brother Joseph Cartland was the superintendent of Haverford College circa 1850 -1853, the period when John F. Rowell attended.
The History of Merrimack and Belknap Counties, New Hampshire Edited by D. Hamilton Hurd and Published in 1885. Retrieved on November 1, 2005 from http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Fields/4791/mosesrowell.htmlShackford, Martha Hale. "Whittier and Some Cousins." The New England Quartlerly. Vol. 15, No. 3. (Sep. 1942), pp. 467-496Tindall, George Brown and David E. Shi. America: A Narrative History. Sixth edition, Volme One. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 2004. pp. 619-626.
The Rowell family papers, spanning the years 1846 to 1894 (bulk dates 1849 - 1853), preserves the letters exchanged by a Quaker family of Loudon, New Hampshire, recording their responses to significant social and political issues of the period leading up to the national crisis over slavery and states' rights. Ninety-eight items of correspondence, school compositions and a penmanship copybook, and school leaflets comprise the collection. The collection is broken into three series, and arranged chronologically within each series.
Box 1: Shelved in SPEC MSS manuscript boxes (1 inch)
Gift of the Moyerman family circa 1970-1972
Processed by Emily Holloway, November 2005. Encoded by Caitlin Farthing, April 2013.
- Copybooks--United States--History--19th century
- Slavery--United States--History--19th century
- Abolitionists--United States--History--19th century
- Quakers--New Hampshire--History--19th century
- Quaker abolitionists
- Education--United States--History--19th century
- Penmanship, American--History--19th century
- University of Delaware Library Special Collections
- Finding Aid Author
- University of Delaware Library, Special Collections
- Finding Aid Date
- 2013 April
- Access Restrictions
The collection is open for research.
- Use Restrictions
Use of materials from this collection beyond the exceptions provided for in the Fair Use and Educational Use clauses of the U.S. Copyright Law may violate federal law. Permission to publish or reproduce is required from the copyright holder. Please contact Special Collections Department, University of Delaware Library, https://library.udel.edu/static/purl.php?askspec
Includes letters addressed to John F. Rowell from various friends and family in New Hampshire and other New England and Mid-Atlantic states.
Includes letters from various family members, acquaintances and former schoolmates concerning local and national politics, personal affairs and educational matters. Topics include New Years letters, Free Soil Debate, New Hampshire Constitutional Convention, the Fugitive Slave Law and Compromise of 1850, the burning of a local shingle mill, the attendance and curriculum of various schools in New Hampshire, the politics of New York Weekly Tribune editor Horace Greeley, and gold in California.Physical Description
Includes letters addressed to John at Walnut Grove and Lee, New Hampshire, as well as at Haverford College in Pennsylvania, from Sarah and Perley Rowell, cousins Myra and Louisa, former teacher Moses A. Cartland, and other former schoolmates. Subjects addressed in the letters include the New Hampshire Railroad, events in Boston, district schools in Cape Cod, the shoemaking profession, women's thoughts on education, national and local politics, the severe illness of Sarah Rowell, the construction of a new school with a hand-drawn sketch, migration to California, many deaths from consumption, and an increase in birth rates in various towns throughout New Hampshire.Physical Description
Includes letters lacking a year, although many include the month. Most of the letters are from Moses A. Cartland, with some from former schoolmates. Topics discussed in the letters include Whig politics, local news and events, Moses Cartland's new school, and pieces Moses wrote for the newspaper the "Independent."Physical Description
Includes small copybook (8 pages) containing quotes and poems on various topics. Ladies ticket for "M.A. Mitchell's Dancing School Assembly, at the Opera House, Pittsfield, N.H., Thursday, November 8, 1894" laid in.Physical Description
Includes a note written by the author, instructing John as to editing the essay for publication, and signed by the essay's author, J.H. Ladd.
certifying John Rowell's ability to teach in that state.
This series includes letters to Sarah Ann Rowell from family and friends, and school compositions and penmanship exercise book.
Includes letters from John F. Rowell, Moses A. Cartland, Phebe, Samuel, and two letters unsigned. Topics discussed include: Haverford College, Quaker meeting, California migration, local and national politics, lyceums in town, a fugitive slave from Boston staying with Moses in Lee, and a personal note from "Samuel," offering affection and apologies.Physical Description
Includes composition notebook including compositions and penmanship copy book, and individual compositions from Home Boarding School, and possibly others.Physical Description
Includes school leaflets, announcements, newspaper club advertisement, shorthand sample, papers of Caroline Clark, and undated, unsigned schoolwork.
for former students of Moses A. Cartland.
Subject is of a religious nature.
Includes handwritten note on back.
Includes handwritten letter addressed to "Misses Clarke."
Promotional leaflet offering a savings on the subscription price of other publications by subscribing to The Independnet.