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Woman Suffrage collection

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Held at: University of Delaware Library Special Collections [Contact Us]181 South College Avenue, Newark, DE 19717-5267

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Delaware Library Special Collections. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Overview and metadata sections

The fight for woman suffrage in the United States began in the early nineteenth century, growing out of the Anti-Slavery campaigns of that period.

Women who were actively involved in Abolitionism found themselves treated as second class-citizens even within that movement, being denied variously the right to serve as delegates at conventions and to speak publicly to a mixed audience. The discrimination shown to women who were fighting for the rights of African Americans caused Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott to begin a campaign for woman's rights.

The first major event of the woman suffrage movement was the Seneca Falls Convention, which took place in New York State in July of 1848. At the convention the delegates demanded suffrage for woman as well as improved access to educational and employment opportunities.

Early campaigns for woman suffrage focused on state voting rights. However, by 1869 it was apparent that an amendment to the federal constitution was preferable. In that year two organizations were formed to work toward that end: The National Woman Suffrage Association, led by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony, and The American Woman Suffrage Association, led by Lucy Stone. In 1890, the two organizations joined under the name: National American Woman Suffrage Association.

In 1890, Wyoming entered the Union and became the first state in which women had the Vote. Over the next three decades various states changed their constitution to give women voting rights. However up until the 1910s, there was little progress toward a constitutional amendment.

After World War I, the major oppositions to woman suffrage had been broken down. In January of 1918 the House voted to amend the constitution, followed by the Senate in June of 1919. The Nineteenth Amendment was enacted August 26, 1920 after Tennessee became the 36th State to ratify it.

The Woman Suffrage collection comprises ephemera, pamphlets, books, and realia that relate to the campaign for women's voting rights.

Many of the materials are propagandistic in nature, including literature explaining the rational behind the idea of woman suffrage. The collection also includes various pieces of realia that represent the material culture of the movement. These include buttons, pennants, posters, and other objects such as a fan and a watchband.

Most of the materials date from the 1910s and document the movement in the last decade before woman suffrage was achieved.

  1. Boxes 1-2: Shelved in SPEC MSS manuscript boxes (1 inch)
  2. Box 3: Shelved in SPEC MSS manuscript boxes
  3. F27-F30: Shelved in SPEC MSS oversize boxes (32 inches)
  4. F32: Shelved in SPEC VAULT MSS wall

A digital version of the collection is available through the University of Delaware Digital Institutional Repository.

Scanning of the collection was sponsored by "In Her Own Right: Women Asserting Their Civil Rights, 1820-1920," a pilot project executed by members of the Philadelphia Area Consortium of Special Collections Libraries (PACSCL), with funding from the National Endowment of the Humanities. The materials in this collection can also be found at: http://inherownright.org/.

Purchase, 2002.

Processed by Laura Cochrane, March 2003. Encoded by Lora J. Davis, August 2011.

The items listed in this bibliography have been removed from the Woman Suffrage collection and cataloged separately with the print holdings of Special Collections.

Björkman, Frances M., and Annie G. Porritt, eds.

Woman Suffrage: History, Arguments, and Results. New York: National Women's Suffrage Publishing Co., 1915.

Brackett, Anna C., ed.Woman and the Higher Education. New York: Harper & Bros., 1903.

The Case Against Woman Suffrage: The Most Important Question on the Ballot at the State Election, November 2, 1915. Boston: Massachusetts Anti-Suffrage Committee, 1915.

Clarke, Ida Clyde, ed.Women of 1924. New York: Women's News Service, 1924.

Crepaz, Adele.The Emancipation of Woman and Its Probable Consequences. London: Swan Sonnenschein, 1893.

Harper, Ida Husted.The Life and Work of Susan B. Anthony. 2 vols. Indianapolis and Kansas City: The Bowen-Merrill Company, 1898.

Hoar, George F.Woman's Right and The Public Welfare: Remarks of Hon. George F. Hoar, before a Joint Special Committee of the Massachusetts Legislature. Boston: New-England Woman's Suffrage Association, 1869.

Inman, Mary.In Woman's Defense. Los Angeles: The Committee to Organize the Advancement of Woman, 1940.

Inman, Mary.Woman-Power. Los Angeles: The Committee to Organize the Advancement of Woman, 1942.

Oakley, Violet.Cathedral of Compassion: Dramatic Outline of the Life of Jane Addams. Philadelphia: Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (privately printed at the Press of Lyon and Armor), 1955.

Pankhurst, Emmeline Sylvia. My Own Story. New York: Hearst's International Library Company, 1914.

Pankhurst, Emmeline Sylvia.The Suffragette: the History of the Woman's Militant Suffrage Movement, 1905-1910. New York: Sturgis & Walton, 1912.

Pinkham, Lydia E. Famous Woman of History. Lynn, Mass.: Lydia E. Pinkham Medicine Company, ca. 1920s.

R., L. N. The True Institution of Sisterhood: or, A Message and Its Messengers. London: James Nisbet, 1862.

Sanger, Margaret H. Family Limitation. S.l.: Privately printed for the author, ca. 1914.

Taylor, Edward T. Speech of Hon. Edward T. Taylor of Colorado in the House of Representatives, April 24, 1912. Washington, 1912.

Publisher
University of Delaware Library Special Collections
Finding Aid Author
University of Delaware Library, Special Collections
Finding Aid Date
2011 August 4
Sponsor
Scanning of the collection was sponsored by "In Her Own Right: Women Asserting Their Civil Rights, 1820-1920," a pilot project executed by members of the Philadelphia Area Consortium of Special Collections Libraries (PACSCL), with funding from the National Endowment of the Humanities. The materials in this collection can also be found at: http://inherownright.org/.
Access Restrictions

The collection is open for research.

Use Restrictions

Use of materials from this collection beyond the exceptions provided for in the Fair Use and Educational Use clauses of the U.S. Copyright Law may violate federal law. Permission to publish or reproduce is required from the copyright holder. Please contact Special Collections, University of Delaware Library, http://library.udel.edu/spec/askspec/

Collection Inventory

Anne Martin. "Call to Women Voters by Anne Martin, Chairman National Woman's Party.", undated.
Box 1 Folder F1
Scope and Contents

Asking that women vote against Mr. Wilson and the Democratic candidates in the United States Senate and House.

Materials Viewable Online
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"Votes for Women a Success, The Map Proves it.", circa 1915.
Box 1 Folder F2
Scope and Contents

Depicts a map of the United States indicating where women have the vote and to what degree.

Materials Viewable Online
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National American Women Suffrage Association. "People say" and "We say.", undated.
Box 1 Folder F3
Materials Viewable Online
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"Catholic Opinions.", circa 1914.
Box 1 Folder F4
Scope and Contents

National American Women Suffrage Association.

Materials Viewable Online
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"10 Women Anywhere Can Start Anything.", 1948.
Box 1 Folder F5
Scope and Contents

Congress of American Woman.

Materials Viewable Online
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Carrie Chapman Catt. "A Bit of History.", 1908.
Box 1 Folder F6
Scope and Contents

New York: Interurban Suffrage Council.

Materials Viewable Online
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"Suffrage as a War Measure.", 1917.
Box 1 Folder F7
Scope and Contents

New York State Woman Suffrage Party.

Materials Viewable Online
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Empire State Campaign., circa 1915.
Box 1 Folder F8
Scope and Contents

Depicts a young woman at a chalkboard on which is written "Question. How can this be a government of the people, by the people if only ½ the people vote?" Before her sits a man labeled "anti-suffragist." The bottom of the handbill reads "Empire State Campaign" and "Vote for the Amendment in 1915."

Materials Viewable Online
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Equal Suffrage League of Virginia. "The Change in the Status of Women Makes Votes for Women the Next Natural Step.", circa 1911.
Box 1 Folder F9
Materials Viewable Online
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"Woman in the home.", 1912.
Box 1 Folder F10
Scope and Contents

Boston.

Materials Viewable Online
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"Elizabeth Cady Stanton on Socialism.", undated.
Box 1 Folder F11
Scope and Contents

Girard Kansas: The Socialist Woman.

Materials Viewable Online
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"Instructions to Workers for the Woman Suffrage Petition to Congress.", circa 1912.
Box 1 Folder F12
Scope and Contents

New York: Privately Printed.

Materials Viewable Online
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The Pennsylvania Limited Equal Suffrage League. Ballot., 1914.
Box 1 Folder F13
Scope and Contents

Announces an annual election of officers at the Merion Cricket Club, Haverford, Pa. on June 2, 1914.

Materials Viewable Online
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Program of the 19th Assembly District of the Woman's Suffrage Party for April and May, 1911., 1911 April-May.
Box 1 Folder F14
Scope and Contents

Lists events such as speeches by Charlotte Perkins Gilman and Fanny Garrison Villard, a parade, pageant, and benefit concerts.

Materials Viewable Online
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1."Votes for women / I want to speak for myself.", undated.
Box 1 Folder F15
Scope and Contents

Image of a little girl in a pink dress and green hat, holding an umbrella. Signed by Wall.

Materials Viewable Online
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2. "By Gum! Them Suffragettes be gittin everything.", undated.
Box 1 Folder F15
Materials Viewable Online
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3. "The Suffragette question.", undated.
Box 1 Folder F15
Materials Viewable Online
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Postcard: Image of an American Flag with four stars., undated.
Box 1 Folder F16
Scope and Contents

Reads: "United Equal Suffrage States of America / Wyoming1890 / Colorado 1893 / Utah 1896 / Idaho 1896 / A star will be added to the flag as each state enters / The union of States as the ought to be."

Materials Viewable Online
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Set of ten postcards: "Think it over … An ounce of Persuasion proceeds a pound of coercion.", 1910.
Box 1 Folder F17
Scope and Contents

Each postcard has a different quote printed on it.

Materials Viewable Online
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Flyer: "Votes for women: Woman needs the ballot; but more than that, the time has now come when the ballot needs the woman. - Clifford Howard.", undated.
Box 1 Folder F18
Scope and Contents

American flags frame the text.

Materials Viewable Online
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Pledge Form: "I am opposed to Woman's suffrage"; signed by Mrs. Mary L. Watts., undated.
Box 1 Folder F19
Materials Viewable Online
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Paper cup., undated.
Box 1 Folder F20
Scope and Contents

"Votes for Women" and "Drink to the Success of the Empire State Campaign, Headquarters 303 5th Ave., New York."

Materials Viewable Online
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Pennsylvania Woman Suffrage Association. Invoice., 1915 September 22.
Box 1 Folder F21
Scope and Contents

Addressed to Mrs. R. B. Thompson, Millerstown, Perry County Pa for 500 "Liberty Bell Fliers", 100 "Suffrage maps", 100 "Women on the farm", and 2 pompons with a note that two pennants will also be sent.

Materials Viewable Online
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1. "Votes for Women", undated.
Box 1 Folder F22
Materials Viewable Online
  1. PDF of button
2. "Votes for Women", undated.
Box 1 Folder F22
Materials Viewable Online
  1. PDF of button
3. "Full Suffrage for Women", undated.
Box 1 Folder F22
Materials Viewable Online
  1. PDF of button
4. "Forward/Denver", undated.
Box 1 Folder F22
Materials Viewable Online
  1. PDF of button
5. "I am a Citizen", undated.
Box 1 Folder F22
Materials Viewable Online
  1. PDF of button
6. "Vote Yes Women Suffrage October 19", undated.
Box 1 Folder F22
Materials Viewable Online
  1. PDF of button
7. "Penna. Votes for Women 1915", 1915.
Box 1 Folder F22
Materials Viewable Online
  1. PDF of button
8. "Votes for Women", undated.
Box 1 Folder F22
Materials Viewable Online
  1. PDF of button
9. "Votes for Women", undated.
Box 1 Folder F22
Materials Viewable Online
  1. PDF of button
Watchband and brass woman suffrage watch fob shaped like the Liberty Bell., 1915.
Box 1 Folder F23
Scope and Contents

On reverse: "Woman's Library Bell / Justice / Equality / 1915 / Pennsylvania.

Materials Viewable Online
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Tin and Enamel Window hanger in the shape of a blue bird., 1915.
Box 2 Folder F24
Scope and Contents

Reads: "Votes for Women" (1915).

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Josephine Preston Peabody. Sheet music titled: "The Woman's Party Song.", undated.
Box 2 Folder F25
Materials Viewable Online
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Massachusetts Woman Suffrage Association. Fan., 1915.
Box 2 Folder F26
Scope and Contents

Reads "Baseball fans, movie fans, political fans, all good fans everywhere favor votes for the women of Massachusetts."

Materials Viewable Online
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Poster: "Vote Yes for amendment no. 1 Woman Suffrage.", 1915.
Box 2 Folder F27
Physical Location

Removed to: SPEC MSS oversize boxes (32 inches)

Materials Viewable Online
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Poster: "Vote for Woman Suffrage Nov 2nd.", undated.
Box 2 Folder F28
Physical Location

Removed to: SPEC MSS oversize boxes (32 inches)

Materials Viewable Online
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Poster: "Inez Milholland Boissevain who died for the freedom of woman.", circa 1917.
Box 2 Folder F29
Scope and Contents

Published by the National Women's Party. Depicts a woman on horseback holding a banner reading "…into light."

Physical Location

Removed to: SPEC MSS oversize boxes (32 inches)

Materials Viewable Online
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Pennant: "Votes for Women.", undated.
Box 2 Folder F30
Physical Description

Purple and gold felt.

Physical Location

Removed to: SPEC MSS oversize boxes (32 inches)

Materials Viewable Online
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Banner: "Votes for Women.", undated.
Box 3 Folder F31
Physical Description

Gold linen.

Materials Viewable Online
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Pennant: "Vote yes on the Woman's Suffrage Amendment June 5, 1916.", 1916.
Box 3 Folder F32
Scope and Contents

Framed with a card reading: "Yourself and a lady are cordially invited to attend the suffrage play ["How the Vote was won"] and Ball … Boone County [Iowa] Suffrage Association."

Physical Location

Removed to: SPEC VAULT MSS wall

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