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Thomas R. Carper congressional papers


Held at: University of Delaware Library Special Collections [Contact Us]181 South College Avenue, Newark, DE 19717-5267

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Delaware Library Special Collections. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

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Thomas Richard ("Tom") Carper was born on January 23, 1947, in Beckley, West Virginia, the son of Jean and Richard Carper. He grew up in Danville, Virginia. Carper attended Ohio State University on a Naval ROTC scholarship and was graduated in 1968 with a bachelor of arts in economics. After graduation, Carper served three tours of duty in Southeast Asia as a flight officer in the U.S. Navy, 1968-1973. Carper flew a P-3 Orion aircraft, used for surface and subsurface surveillance of the ocean. During the Vietnam War, the P-3 was used to conduct low-altitude patrols of the coastal waters of Vietnam and Cambodia to detect North Vietnamese infiltrator trawlers attempting to enter the territorial waters of South Vietnam. Carper flew close to 400 hours on such missions. He received the Air Medal, the Navy Commendation Medal, two Navy Achievement Medals, and three Vietnam Campaign ribbons. Upon discharge from active duty, he became a commander in the Naval Reserve.

After his return from Southeast Asia in 1973, Carper attended the University of Delaware and received a master's degree of business administration in 1975. He worked as an industrial development specialist for the Delaware Division of Economic Development from 1975-1976 and taught undergraduate classes in business administration. Carper first became involved in Delaware politics as treasurer for the James R. Soles for Congress campaign in 1974. In 1976, he ran for state treasurer on the Democratic ticket and was elected. He won re-election to the office in 1978 and 1980. As treasurer, Carper managed the sale of the state-owned bank and established a cash management system to manage daily balances of over 150 million dollars. He was widely recognized for improving the state's credit rating -- from worst in the nation to a respectable "AA" -- in only five years.

In 1982, Carper ran for Congress and defeated Republican incumbent Thomas B. Evans, Jr., becoming the first Democrat in sixteen years to hold Delaware's lone seat in the U.S. House of Representatives. He retained this seat until 1992 when he was elected governor of the state of Delaware. Carper has the longest winning streak of any Delaware politician, having run for and successfully won ten elections between 1976 and 1996 (See Appendix A for election results of Carper's congressional campaigns.).

In 1978 Carper married Diane Beverly Isaacs of Greenwood, Delaware. They were divorced five years later in 1983. In 1986, Carper married Martha Ann Stacy. They have two sons: Christopher, born in 1988, and Ben, born in 1990. Carper is a member of the Vietnam Veterans of America, the Veterans of Foreign Wars, the American Legion, the New Castle Presbyterian Church, and Common Cause.

Carper was elected as a Democrat to the Ninety-eighth and to the four succeeding Congresses (January 3, 1983 - January 3, 1993). These five Congresses were under Democratic Party leadership in the House during the Republican administrations of President Ronald Reagan (1981-1989) and President George Bush (1989-1993). (See Appendix E for presidential elections and House leadership [as well as Supreme Court members] during this time.) With frequently opposing political philosophies, the legislative and executive branches of government dealt with a wide variety of domestic and foreign issues during these times. The 1980s were years of active economic development based on technological growth. Urgent calls were made to balance the federal budget and reduce deficit spending. A national financial crisis occurred in the savings and loan industry. Energy conservation and development of renewable energy resources were important subjects. Environmental issues encompassed "clean up" efforts for acid rain, oil spills, hazardous wastes, and ocean dumping. The Environmental Protection Agency established Superfund. Social concerns included unemployment, homelessness, health care and welfare reform, with increased attention on education, crime, gun control, and drug problems by the end of the decade. Abortion was debated between pro-choice and pro-life advocates. AIDS became a significant health problem; Congress passed the Family and Medical Leave Act and the Americans with Disabilities Act.

Defense topics included international disarmament, a nuclear freeze, and debate over a Strategic Defense Initiative. Foreign affairs pursued accountability for American prisoners of war or soldiers missing in action to prepare for renewed relations with countries in Southeast Asia. The Iran-Contra affair complicated the American role in the struggle between the Contras and Sandinistas in Nicaragua. The United States engaged in the Gulf War between Iraq and Kuwait. Calls for international human rights and the abolishment of apartheid in South Africa, followed by the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, reflected significant changes in world order. International trade evolved and led to passage of the North American Free Trade Agreement.

Congressman Carper represented his Delaware constituents in responding to these issues. In addition to traditional congressional functions of solving casework and voting on legislation, Carper served on committees and was a member of several congressional caucuses. He dealt with significant financial issues, particularly the savings and loan crisis, in service through the Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs Committee. His Banking subcommittees included Financial Institutions Supervision, Regulation and Insurance; Domestic Monetary Policy; International Development, Finance, Trade and Monetary Policy; Policy Research and Insurance; Housing and Community Development; and Economic Stabilization, of which he was elected chair in the 102d Congress (1991-1992) .

On behalf of Delaware and its coastal issues, Carper was keenly interested in environmental topics. He served on the Merchant Marine and Fisheries Committee, and its subcommittees for Coast Guard and Navigation; and Fisheries and Wildlife Conservation and the Environment.

Membership in several caucuses and other congressional organizations gave Congressman Carper a chance to keep abreast of other timely issues. He was a member of the Congressional Arts Caucus, the Congressional Caucus for Women's Issues, the Congressional Steel Caucus, the Environmental and Energy Study Conference, the Northeast-Midwest Congressional Coalition, the 70001 Ltd. Club, the Vietnam Veterans in Congress, and the U.S. Congressional Travel and Tourism Caucus. Congressman Carper was also a co-founder of the Democratic Budget Study Group.

Throughout his career in the U.S. House of Representatives, Congressman Carper was known as a moderate on social issues and a conservative on fiscal issues. In 1985, his voting record was described as "centrist," for siding with a conservative coalition of Southern Democrats and Republicans 51 per cent of the time. He was not afraid to take an unpopular position on an issue, such as the savings and loan debacle, when he clashed with Speaker of the House Jim Wright over the amount of money that should be allowed to assist the FSLIC in bailing out thrifts. Carper often proposed compromises between radically different bills before a subcommittee, committee, or the House, attempting to get a basic bill passed, rather than squandering time in disagreement over small points. Carper was esteemed and congratulated by his colleagues in the House for his efforts to strike compromises in these legislative debates; they thought he showed tenacity and genuine interest in passing legislation for the good of the American people.

As a lone congressman, the term given to members of Congress who are the sole representatives of their states, Carper did not have other representatives from his state to work with in bringing forth legislation in the House. Carper usually tried to approach other members of Congress he felt would work with him or with whom he had worked in the past to begin the process of putting together legislation for a specific purpose. He personally lobbied other members for or against legislation affecting Delaware and worked tirelessly to gain their support, expecting the same effort from his legislative assistants. This is illustrated in clippings pertaining to the Annunzio-Wylie Amendment, which would have limited the ability of banks in Delaware to sell insurance. Carper personally went to every member on the House Banking Committee to ask them to vote against the amendment, and the tactic worked.

Carper identified the major issues in his first congressional campaign to be reversing a faltering national economy, balancing the federal budget, supporting the military but avoiding overspending on development of ineffective weapons, avoiding the proliferation of nuclear arms, supporting higher education, and addressing unemployment, social security, and crime. In his 1984 campaign, Carper referred to his record of sponsoring legislation to strengthen enforcement of fair housing; to ensure continuation of a strong Civil Rights Commission independent of political interference from the White House; and to end discrimination in education against women, minorities, and the handicapped. He had sponsored reauthorization of critical legislation to protect air and water resources, and other legislation to ban sewage sludge dumping off coastal waters and to combat the effects of acid rain. Carper called for negotiation of a bilateral mutual and verifiable freeze on nuclear weapons, and for continuation of the fight to reduce the budget deficit.

Congressman Carper was a proponent of recycling, clean air, and clean water. He was a strong advocate of environmental legislation to protect and clean up the nation's coastal resources, a relevant issue for Delaware. He was opposed to using the ocean as a dumping ground for sludge and chemicals. Carper worked hard to prevent large cities from continuing to dump in the ocean, encouraging them, instead, to find alternative disposal methods such as the use of landfills or incineration. Congressman Carper's additional environmental legislative interests regarded strengthening citizens' rights to know about hazardous substances in their communities.

A member of the Merchant Marine and Fisheries Committee (MMF) from 1983-1991, he was faced with several important pieces of legislation relating to high-profile incidents such as the 1989 Exxon-Valdez oil spill, and oil crises of the 1980s in the aftermath of the Gulf War, which led to proposals of drilling for domestic oil in the Arctic wilderness of Alaska. As a member of the MMF Fisheries and Wildlife Conservation and the Environment Subcommittee, Carper traveled to the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge in 1987. Carper called for a national energy plan that would consider development of alternate domestic energy resources, but also include conservation measures. On a smaller scale, Carper attempted to change use of daylight savings time with H.R. 4251 The Energy Conservation Daylight Savings Act of 1983. The bill promoted energy conservation by extending daylight savings time by one month, beginning in early March rather than early April. The bill did not pass the House, but is an example of Carper's efforts to conserve energy.

Concern for the health of the nation's economy and the fiscal responsibility of the government prompted Congressman Carper to support the popular call for a Balanced Budget Amendment. He introduced legislation in 1991 and 1992 regarding a balanced budget, accommodating times when this goal could not be met, but seeking to increase the incidence of balanced budgets during periods of sustained economic growth. Carper also supported proposals for line-item presidential veto, or expedited rescission. Carper believed that empowering the president to rescind expenditures at the item level would allow more bills to pass, and put a crimp on legislative "pork" (pet projects benefitting single congressional districts).

Through the Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs Committee, Carper supported efforts to ensure safety and soundness of the nation's banking and financial institutions, and to improve the regulatory structures that supervise them. The crisis in the savings and loan industry in the 1980s was the focus of much of Congressman Carper's work on the Banking Committee during that time. The crisis was precipitated by deregulation of financial institutions, coupled with de-supervision of their practices, and an increase in the cap on insured deposits from $ 40,000 to $ 100,000. Carper's first major bill to pass the House occurred in his second term when he sponsored a bill to strengthen supervision of all United States financial institutions, including savings and loans, but the threat of a presidential veto killed the measure in a Republican-controlled Senate. In 1987, Carper led a fight in the House to substantially raise the insurance premiums that savings and loans were then paying, to allow bankrupt thrifts to be closed and avoid a huge taxpayer bailout. In that fight, Carper worked with the Reagan administration and against Speaker Jim Wright and the S&L lobby, but he lost. A critical collapse in the savings and loan industry in the Southwest occurred due to massive fraud by officers, directors, and others associated with the industry. Carper speared another House fight to authorize $ 75 million to hire FBI agents, investigators, prosecutors, or judges to bring the "looters" to justice; and the House passed the Bank Law Enforcement Act.

With his background of service in the U.S. Navy, Congressman Carper followed with interest issues related to veterans, the national defense, and foreign affairs. Carper was a strong advocate on behalf of veterans in Delaware. He held an important state forum in 1991 to review and explain changes and benefits provided by the Veterans Administration. Carper was also responsible for inclusion of necessary funds in the president's 1993 budget to add a clinic and update quality health services at the Veterans Hospital in Elsmere, Delaware. In 1991, as the United States sought to normalize relations with Vietnam, Carper joined a congressional delegation on a trip to Southeast Asia. Each member of the delegation had previous service in the Vietnam War, and they sought to resolve verification and return of POW/MIA remains.

Carper made other significant trips related to foreign affairs: he traveled to Nicaragua in 1983 and 1987 concerning U.S. aid during the struggle between the Contras and Sandinistas; to the Middle East at the beginning of 1984 to evaluate relations between Egypt and Israel; to Costa Rica in 1988 as one of a five-member congressional delegation observing a summit between the presidents of Nicaragua, Honduras, Guatemala, Costa Rica, and El Salvador; and to Panama in 1990 to deal with economic and political issues related to the Canal during the dictatorship of General Manuel Noriega.

Carper believed in a healthy defense for national security, but thought growth of any weapons programs should be restrained in light of the budget deficit. He suggested that the United States should abandon land-based missiles, and rely on more effective submarine missiles. He was moderately supportive of President Reagan's Strategic Defense Initiative (Star Wars), saying its value was that the threat of its development would lead the Soviets earnestly to negotiate cuts in offensive nuclear weaponry. Overall, Carper believed in stopping the arms race and preferred to promote the economic interests in international relations. In Delaware, Carper was effective in obtaining federal appropriations to improve and continue operations at the Dover Air Force Base, the largest one on the East Coast. Carper held that maintaining Dover's infrastructure would guard the base against being closed in the wake of future military cutbacks.

Congressman Carper also won approval of the House to authorize and appropriate funds needed to build a new bridge across the federally-owned Chesapeake and Delaware Canal at St. Georges, Delaware. Representing an enormous investment in Delaware's infrastructure, the bridge was argued to be a vital link in a new north-south highway to bypass Dover and Smyrna. Carper overcame the initial objections of the Bush administration and the Army Corps of Engineers for the project. Meeting other state interests in transportation, environmental concerns, and protection of tourism, Carper proposed and won approval for several erosion studies and stabilization projects of Delaware's Atlantic Ocean shoreline, as well as the shorelines of the Delaware Bay and the Indian River Inlet.

With Delaware's close proximity to the nation's capital, Carper had the opportunity to be a commuting congressman. He rode the train daily, between Wilmington and Washington, D.C., when Congress was in session. From his constituents in Delaware, Congressman Carper had a popular reputation for accessibility through frequent, statewide town meetings. He held focused forums, such as one to explore the cost and quality of health care in Delaware, and seminars, such as one to encourage Delaware women to strengthen their roles in the businesses. In addition to an office in Wilmington, Carper opened an office in Dover to facilitate contact with Kent and Sussex counties. He secured labor union endorsements and wide support from the business community. At the end of five terms in Congress, Carper was a respected representative for his fiscal responsibility, for his reputation as a consensus-seeking moderate, for his concern for the environment, and for his advocacy of technological, entrepreneurial, and capital development in Delaware. He campaigned successfully for the governorship of Delaware in 1992 and was re-elected to the state's leadership in 1996. In 2001, Carper was elected to the United States Senate, as Delaware's junior senator.

Information derived from the collection

The Thomas R. Carper Congressional Papers document his career as Delaware's member-at-large in the U.S. House of Representatives, 1983-1993. The collection spans 1979-1993, but the bulk of the papers covers the time period 1982-1992, from the final days of Carper's term as Delaware state treasurer and the announcement of his intention to run for Congress in July 1982, until November 1992 when he won the gubernatorial election for the state of Delaware. Nearly 84 linear feet in extent with some oversize and audio-visual materials, the contents are typical of materials found in a congressional collection: correspondence with constituents, colleagues, and government agencies; memoranda and notes; speeches; bills, resolutions, and amendments of legislation; financial documents, reports, testimonies, hearings, pamphlets, publications, and reference materials; calendars, schedules, photographs, publicity, newsletters, news clippings, maps, and ephemera.

Some parts of the collection are more complete than others in documenting Carper's ten years in Congress, but the collection in its entirety depicts the congressional duties of representing individual constituents and the state of Delaware, creating legislation, serving on committees, and conducting oversight and investigations. Personal material in the collection is limited to campaign files from Carper's political career between 1982 and 1992, and photographs and other personal ephemera.

The collection as a whole is also typical of modern political papers: it is large and reflects the complex working relationship between the Congressman and his staff. Carper's papers are a composite of his own, personally-generated papers and the working files of his supporting legislative and administrative staff. (See Appendix C for a list of all staff members who served in Carper's office between 1983 and 1993.) As a consequence of the number of people involved in creating the papers, as well as the frequency of turnover in job positions and responsibilities, there is great idiosyncrasy in the breadth, depth, and continuity of the files.

The majority of the files in the collection were maintained by legislative assistants (LAs) in the congressional office of Carper. Assigned a subject area for which they are expected to develop expertise, legislative assistants research and synthesize information on an issue. They monitor all legislation as it moves through Congress. They provide their member of Congress with concise and informed reports with recommended positions and/or suggestions for a vote. Legislative assistants serve in important advisory roles, but, as evidenced in the Carper papers, their advice is not always heeded. Carper's legislative assistants also composed reports or memoranda to brief him on pending legislation, drafted legislation and speeches, and served as liaisons to agencies or other members of Congress. They supported Congressman Carper in all of his duties which required their subject expertise related to work on legislative issues.

Administrative assistants have management as well as legislative responsibilities and are the senior staff in a congressional office. Staff assistants often cover legislative assignments and provide general support with constituent services. Caseworkers serve as liaisons with federal agencies to procure appropriate government services for constituents. Key senior staff or long-term staff who worked for Congressman Carper and whose names appear frequently in this collection include the following: administrative assistant Ed Freel, communications director (later administrative assistant) Jeffrey Bullock, press secretary Timothy Gay, and legislative assistants Liz Ryan, John Baker, Christophe Tulou, Janet St. Amand, and Helen Wiederhorn. Several of these staff were not long-term employees, but were senior staff toward the end of Carper's career in the House, and their papers were included in the office files. Files created by earlier senior staff and legislative assistants are often missing from this collection.

The content and arrangement of the papers, then, reflects the research methods, filing habits, and organizational skills of numerous staff. The absence of a central office filing system, the frequent reassignment of staff responsibilities and subject areas, and the extent of subject overlap in identifiable file series led to an integrated series outline in the archival arrangement of this collection. The integrated series outline incorporates small groups of files that were created by these numerous staff. In cases where a staff member was clearly identified with the creation and content of a file series, this is detailed in series description notes. (See, for example, Series I.B.2. Merchant Marine and Fisheries Committee files, primarily maintained by Christophe Tulou; or Series I.F. Trips, largely created by Liz Ryan.) This introductory scope note explains the overall arrangement and content of the collection; longer, detailed scope notes are found with each series description in the finding aid.

The collection is organized in three main subgroups: I. Official Work Files, II. Administrative Files, and III. Personal Files. The first subgroup, Official Work Files, encompasses eight series: TC (Tom Carper's) Personal Files, Committee Work, Issue Files, Regional Issue Files, Constituent Correspondence, Trips, Voting Records, and Publications. The Administrative Files subgroup includes Office Administration and Communications, and the Personal Files subgroup contains Campaign Materials, Photographs, Audio-Visual Materials, and Ephemera.

Series I.A. TC Personal Files and Series III.A. Campaign Materials provide the quickest overview of Carper's congressional career. With subject and correspondence files, Series I.A. TC Personal Files reflects the daily workings of the Congressman, his staff, and the offices of the House. File contents are variously broad in topical scope, and in depth of coverage for any one issue, and there are chronological omissions in this file series. But the range of topics illuminates Carper's involvement with important issues and highlights his accomplishments. Some files in Series I.A. TC Personal Files overlap or complement staff files on the same topic found elsewhere in the collection. Campaign files are especially rich as a synopsis of Carper's congressional career. Press releases, publicity, speeches, and other campaign literature highlight positions and accomplishments that Carper chose to feature in campaigns.

Comprising 24 linear feet, the largest series in the collection is Series I.C. Issue Files. The series is organized in twenty-two topical subseries, using subject terms similar to those found in indexes of Congressional Quarterly, Inc. publications and reflecting the subject responsibilities of the legislative assistants. These topical terms correspond generally to committee names (Appropriations, Foreign Affairs) or to the issues regularly referred to in committees or the legislative process. Other issue terms, such as "Women," "Children," or "Amtrak," were named by subject without regard to committee jurisdiction.

The twenty-two subseries are Agriculture, Amtrak, Animal Welfare, Appropriations, Children, Civil Rights, Civil Service, Commerce, Economics and Finance, Education, Energy and the Environment, Foreign Affairs, Health and Human Services, House Administration, Immigration, Judiciary, Mass Transportation, Miscellaneous, Science and Technology, Veterans, and Women. Series I.C. Issue Files is strongly representative of the work done by legislative assistants in Congressman Carper's office.

The legislative assistants' issue files were used to advise Congressman Carper on legislation before a vote, to support the Congressman in his committee work, and to provide context for dealings with constituents. Staff were expected to do background research, either on their own, by using the Congressional Research Service at the Library of Congress, by speaking with other representatives' congressional staff, by attending meetings, or by all of these methods. Most staff met with constituents or practitioners pertinent to the issue, an invaluable activity that Carper expected of his staff.

A typical issue file might contain research notes, transcriptions of hearings, correspondence, position memoranda submitted by concerned parties, "Dear Colleague" letters, Democratic Study Group (DSG) reports with notations on how to vote or critiques of selected passages in legislation, analyses of issues by legislative assistants, meeting notes taken by legislative assistants, and business cards. Some staff systematically kept almost everything they collected pertaining to a subject; others randomly kept only a sample of articles, correspondence, or publications. In the few desirable cases when longtime staff maintained responsibility for one issue over several years, some issue files are more comprehensive than others; chronological coverage is mostly problematic with frequent gaps throughout the series. Some files on the same topic can be found in several places throughout this collection, either because a new legislative assistant assumed a former staff member's responsibilities or subject area, or because several staff kept overlapping files on topics of special importance to the Congressman. Other issues, such as "Children" could be multifaceted, considered under the purview of several legislative assistants.

In spite of these inconsistencies, Series I.C. Issue Files is a rich source for understanding the scope of legislation and concerns handled by Carper and his congressional staff in the years through the 1980s and start of the 1990s. Most of the legislative assistants' files contain reports and background notes from meetings or personal contacts with other congressional and government staff, which were then compiled into briefing memoranda for Carper's review. Carper tracked any number of issues in a given week, many of which were not related directly to his committee work or pending legislation, but were important to him nonetheless. He had strong interest in following any developments related to the environment; veteran's affairs; foreign relations, especially in Central America, Southeast Asia, and the Middle East; and issues relevant to Delaware. The papers contain extensive documentation on these topics and, to a lesser extent, there are issue files on social security, health care, women's and children's issues, and education. Additional issues related to Delaware and neighboring New Jersey, Maryland, and Pennsylvania are found in Series I.D. Regional Issues Files.

Legislative assistants were also responsible for the content of most of the files in Series I.B. Committee Work. The official records of House committees are permanently housed in the Center for Legislative Archives at the National Archives, and, by House rule, are closed for thirty years from the date of their creation. The files that remain in Congressman Carper's personal papers are supporting documentation in the form of news clippings, reference files, position papers, "Dear Colleague" letters, studies, published hearings, and other related information collected by the legislative assistants.

The material in Series I.B. Committee Work is useful in documenting the full range of committee work and legislative issues considered by Congressman Carper. His legislative assistants had overlapping responsibilities in their subject assignments, so some of the research reports and legislative analyses found in this series had multiple purposes. For example, the bulk of Series I.B.2. Merchant Marine and Fisheries Files comprises the wider environmental issue files of legislative assistant Christophe Tulou. In addition to reference files, reports, correspondence related to building background information, and news clippings -- all similar to material found in Series. I.C. Issue Files -- there are a number of published hearings, floor statements, press releases, "Dear Colleague" letters, and other public documents that reveal committee actions and Carper's role in committee work. There are almost seven linear feet of files related to environmental issues studied by Carper in the Coast Guard and Navigation Subcommittee, and the Fisheries and Wildlife Conservation and the Environment Subcommittee.

Series I.B.1. Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs Files includes nearly 10 linear feet of material related to issues handled by Carper in the following subcommittees: Domestic Monetary Policy, International Monetary Policy, Housing and Community Development, Economic Stabilization, and Financial Institutions Supervision, Regulation and Insurance. Key legislation related to public housing included Lead Paint Abatement, Family Self-Sufficiency Act, Tenant Income Verification, Mixed Populations in Public Housing, and Prepayment and Preservation. The series also includes files related to the National Flood Insurance Plan, and the National Flood Erosion Mitigation Act of 1989, legislation of interest to Delaware and other states in coastal zones. Important material in this series relates to Carper's work on behalf of regulatory and insurance reform for banks and financial institutions, notably the 1991 Banking Reform Bill.

Many legislative assistants kept reports and information in their issue files that were helpful in drafting responses to constituent mail. Whether handled by legislative assistants or other staff assistants, these replies were filed with the incoming letters and postcards found in Series I.E. Constituent Correspondence. Most of the 11 linear feet of files in this series is staff-generated, but the correspondence is useful for documentation of contemporary topics and Congressman Carper's stated positions on a number of issues. There are personal replies from Carper in the Constituent Correspondence series, especially when Carper knew the constituent personally, when the constituent was a frequent correspondent, or when the correspondent was "important." Carper's other personal correspondence with constituents appears in Series I.A. TC Personal Files and, to a lesser extent, elsewhere in the collection.

Series I.F. Trips includes itineraries, correspondence, reports, and other related documents from Carper's participation in several congressional delegations to foreign countries and the state of Alaska. The bulk of the series concerns an important trip to Southeast Asia in 1991, but there are other files from trips to Central America in 1983 and 1987; to the Middle East in 1983/1984; to the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge in Alaska in 1987; to Costa Rica in 1988; and to Panama in 1990. Complementary files are found in Series I.C. Issue Files or Series I.B. Committee Work. A number of sources found in Series I.G. Voting Records and Series I.H. Publications are useful for documenting the final action on legislation or other issues presented elsewhere in the papers. Legislative Activity Guides, published under supervision of the Clerk of the House; Democratic Study Group reports; Congressional Research Service reports from the Library of Congress; and other documents and correspondence record voting action, and provide legislative summaries and voter profiles of members of Congress.

The two series in Subgroup II. Administrative Files include Series II.A. Office Administration and Series II.B. Communications. Office administration encompasses general procedures and housekeeping, House manuals, caucus memberships, financial disclosures and expense authorizations, and guest books and Carper's schedules. Communications includes Capitol Comments, Carper's newsletter for his Delaware constituents, and clippings and other files of the press secretary.

As previously mentioned, Series III.A. Campaign Materials provides a rich overview of Carper's entire congressional career. Each campaign provided an opportunity to recapitulate the major issues of the day and to review Carper's positions, actions, and goals. The remaining photographs, audio-visual material, and ephemera in Subgroup III. Personal Files supplements and illustrates much of the rest of the collection.

Boxes 1-84: Shelved in SPEC MSS record center cartons

Removals: Shelved in SPEC MSS oversize boxes (20 inches)

Gift of Thomas R. Carper, 1992, 1998-1999

Processed by Rebecca J. Altermatt, Rob Costello and L. Rebecca Johnson Melvin, 1997 November-1999 December. Finding aid encoded by Lauren Connolly, February 2016. Further encoding by Tiffany Saulter, May 2016 and John Caldwell, 2018.

University of Delaware Library Special Collections
Finding Aid Author
University of Delaware Library, Special Collections
Finding Aid Date
2016 February 16
Access Restrictions

The collection is open for research.

This collection contains audiovisual media that has been reformatted. Please contact manuscripts staff for access.

Use Restrictions

Use of materials from this collection beyond the exceptions provided for in the Fair Use and Educational Use clauses of the U.S. Copyright Law may violate federal law. Permission to publish or reproduce isrequired from the copyright holder. Please contact Special Collections Department, University of Delaware Library,

Collection Inventory

Scope and Contents

Correspondence, staff notes, schedules, press files, floor statements, memoranda, drafts and final versions of bills and amendments, published reports, news clippings.

The TC Personal Files series includes correspondence Congressman Carper personally wrote to constituents, colleagues, and friends, as well as subject files. The correspondence spans the dates 1984-1992, while the subject files date from the 101st and 102nd Congresses, 1989-1992. These latter materials represent working files and reference material personally maintained by Carper. The contents of these files duplicate or complement subject files maintained by legislative assistants found in other series throughout the collection. The subject files reflect the spectrum of issues followed by the Congressman during that four year period: included are Welfare Reform, Central American issues, letters to President Reagan, 1990 Oil Spill Legislation, Delaware Insurance, Interstate Banking, MIA/POW issues, and approaches to balancing the federal budget. Similar personal working files from Carper's previous seven years in office were not available with his papers.

Of particular interest in the Series I.A. TC Personal Files is information relating to Amtrak Railways. (See also Series I.C.2. Issue Files--Amtrak). With over 1,200 employees in Delaware and with Wilmington's role as a major yard on the Eastern Seaboard, the successes and failures of Amtrak ventures were important issues for Carper's Delaware constituents. Numerous memoranda submitted by legislative aide Elizabeth (Liz) Ryan are found in this series; several concern contract negotiations between labor and management. As a daily commuter riding the train between Delaware and Washington, D.C., when Congress was in session, Carper made first-hand observations of Amtrak operations. He was a strong supporter of mass transportation, and after he became governor of Delaware, he served on the nine-member Board of Directors of Amtrak.

A significant number of files in the TC Personal Files relate to Carper's work on the Welfare Reform Act of 1987 (see also Series I.C.13. Issue Files -- HHS -- Poverty/Income Assistance -- Welfare Reform). Included are many "Dear Colleague" letters, correspondence with Carper from those in support of his work on this issue, and side-by-side comparison of proposals from House Democrats (H.R. 1720), House Republicans, Senator Daniel Moynihan (D-N.Y.), and Congressman Carper. Analyses of each proposal addressed net cost, financing, daycare standards, transitional health care, transitional daycare, and similar issues. Carper's proposal was a compromise between the Democratic and Republican resolutions, costing $2.5 billion versus the $5.2 billion proposed by the Democrats in H.R. 1720, or the $1.1 billion proposed by the Republicans. Carper's bill allowed exemptions for mothers of children under the age of two but required percentages of each state's welfare recipients to participate in work and training programs, and to accept jobs paying minimum wage. Although turned down by the House Rules Committee, Carper's proposal offered several ideas incorporated in H.R. 1720 and gained him favorable notice from many Democrats in the House.

The largest sequence in the TC Personal Files concerns Central America, where the political struggles of the Contras in Nicaragua dominated much of the news in the 1980s and early 1990s. With United States military advisement and financial backing, the Contras sought to overthrow Nicaragua's leftist regime, the Sandinistas. Both factions committed many crimes. At issue for Congress and the American people was the separation of economic and humanitarian aid from military aid to the Contras. The Reagan administration's advocacy of increased military aid was widely criticized.

In 1987, Carper voted for the Skelton-Edwards amendment to the Military Construction Appropriations bill and, with other representatives, petitioned President Reagan to limit aid to the Contras. The goal of the Skelton-Edwards amendment, by limiting aid to the Contras, was to encourage the Sandinistas to negotiate a peaceful solution and for the U.S. government to lead by example. Carper's support for peace in this regional conflict continued in 1988 when he served as one of a five-member U.S. delegation observing the Costa Rican Summit between the presidents of Nicaragua, Honduras, Guatemala, Costa Rica, and El Salvador.

The section of the TC Personal Files dealing with letters to President Reagan offers a look into the day-to-day efforts by congressional representatives to persuade the White House on issues in which they had taken marked interest. In this particular collection, all of the letters from Congressman Carper concern Central America, specifically the circumstances of the Contras and the Skelton-Edwards amendment. The amendment called for changes in the fiscal year 1987 Military Construction Appropriations bill in relation to the amount of aid given to the Contras. According to Carper, the hope was that less aid to the Contras would help bring the Sandinistas to the bargaining table and compel them to negotiate in earnest. Included is a list of the representatives who voted for the Skelton-Edwards amendment. A topic of particular concern to Carper was the status of soldiers declared Missing in Action or Prisoner of War (MIA/POW). Present in the TC Personal Files are copies of House resolutions, articles concerning reported sightings of POWs in Southeast Asia, memoranda from legislative aide Liz Ryan concerning meetings with veterans groups, and information about the 1991 "Truth" bill. The Truth Bill (H.R. 3306) called for the declassification of all reports pertaining to live sightings of Americans still declared missing in action after wars fought in Southeast Asia and Korea, and World War II.

An earnest participant in MIA/POW issues, Carper was part of a congressional delegation (CODEL) that traveled to Southeast Asia on a fact-finding trip in August 1991 (see also Series I.F. Trips). Other delegates were representatives Pete Peterson (D-Fla.), David Skaggs (D-Colo.), John Rhodes (R-Ariz.), Wayne Gilchrest (R-Md.), and Jim Kolbe (R-Ariz.). Three staff members -- Liz Ryan of Carper's office, Laurie Fenton of Kolbe's office, and Ralph Ibson of the Veterans Affairs Committee -- accompanied the congressmen.

The goal of the trip was to answer longstanding questions pertaining to the MIA/POW situation, with hope of bringing closure for the U.S. government and the families involved. The TC Personal Files contain a formal report written by Carper on the situation in Southeast Asia, as well as testimonies before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs from Major General George R. Christmas, Ann Mills Griffiths, the Executive Director of the National League of Families of American Prisoners and Missing in Southeast Asia, and the Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense Carl W. Ford, Jr. Of note is the report written by Carper regarding the delegation's findings from the trip. Information on the daily facts of the trip, including itineraries, photos, and correspondence is available in Series I.F. Trips.

Information pertaining to Carper's efforts to bring about a Balanced Budget Amendment to the Constitution is worth noting in the TC Personal Files. The intent of the amendment was not to mandate a balanced budget for every single year per se, but rather to increase the incidence of balanced budgets during periods of sustained economic growth. The amendment accommodated exception to the rule under unusual circumstances. Examples given for modification include war, recession, or state-of-emergency situations, in which case mutation would be justifiable. The overall goal of the Balanced Budget Amendment was to address repeated unfulfillment of presidential promises to balance the budget. In light of accelerated federal spending in the 1980s, even a concerted effort to balance the budget appealed to Carper and his colleagues. In much of his writing on the subject, Carper called for fellow members to tackle this tough task in hopes of strengthening the fiscal situation for the present as well as the future. Included in the Balanced Budget Amendment section of TC Personal Files are a number of newspaper clippings, charts depicting the different proposals for the Balanced Budget Amendment, statements by Carper, papers voicing objection to the amendment, reports on the problems of government over-spending, handwritten notes from Carper, and copies of the House Resolutions proposed.

Completing this series are several boxes of "Congressman Carper's Personal Correspondence," which were maintained in Carper's personal office. Correspondents range from members of Congress to personal acquaintances to school children. The files include incoming and outgoing correspondence, with many handwritten drafts of letters from Carper. Often, he wrote lengthy responses to constituents explaining an issue and answering their letters, point by point. Carper frequently composed correspondence soon after a meeting or event, often while taking the train back to Delaware. Letters of condolence usually accompany a newspaper article or notation by his staff regarding the recipient.


Alphabetically by topic and chronologically within topic. Issues that have comprehensive coverage and are extensive in length, such as Central American Issues and Welfare Reform, have been kept together as subseries and are arranged alphabetically, by subtopic within. The files in this series originally came in boxes labeled "TC's Personal Files" and "Congressman Carper's Personal Correspondence." Much of this material is also present in other series but it appears that Carper kept these select files on certain topics in his office, close at hand.

Physical Description

6 linear foot

Accreditation, 1989.
Box 1 Folder F1
Amtrak Information, 1989-1992.
Box 1 Folder F2
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR), 1987-1991.
Box 1 Folder F3
Balanced Budget, 1987-1992.
Box 1 Folder F4
Balanced Budget Information, 1992.
Box 1 Folder F5
Banking Committee, 1987-1989.
Box 1 Folder F6
Banking Committee, 1990-1991.
Box 1 Folder F7
Bank Reform Compromise, 1991.
Box 1 Folder F8
Bank Reform/House Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs, 1990-1991.
Box 1 Folder F9
Budget Reform, 1989.
Box 1 Folder F10
Castle's Issues, 1992.
Box 1 Folder F11
Box 1 Folder F12
Box 1 Folder F13
Box 1 Folder F14
Box 1 Folder F15
Box 1 Folder F16
Box 1 Folder F17
Press clips, notes, correspondence, published reports, 1984-1988.
Box 1 Folder F18
Press clips, notes, 1986-1988.
Box 1 Folder F19
Press clips, notes, 1988.
Box 1 Folder F20
Correspondence, 1990-1992.
Box 1 Folder F22
Chief Financial Officers Act, 1991.
Box 1 Folder F21
Defense Production Act (Description), 1990-1991.
Box 1 Folder F23
Defense Production Act, 1991.
Box 1 Folder F24
Defense Production Act/Fair Trade in Financial Services, 1991.
Box 2 Folder F25
Defense Production Act/Fair Trade in Financial Services, 1992.
Box 2 Folder F26
Delaware Insurance/Banks, 1991.
Box 2 Folder F27
Delaware Insurance/Banks, 1991.
Box 2 Folder F28
Delaware State Finances, 1991-1993.
Box 2 Folder F29
Delaware VA Hospital Outpatient Clinic Addition, 1989-1992.
Box 2 Folder F30
Education, 1990-1991.
Box 2 Folder F31
Education, 1992.
Box 2 Folder F32
Family Issues, 1986-1991.
Box 2 Folder F33
Family Related Material, 1992.
Box 2 Folder F34
Federal Discount Window Lending, 1991.
Box 2 Folder F35
Flood Insurance, 1991-1992.
Box 2 Folder F36
Ford/Delaware Plant, 1992.
Box 2 Folder F37
Healthcare, 1991-1992.
Box 2 Folder F38
Healthcare, 1992.
Box 2 Folder F39
Housing Issues, 1991.
Box 2 Folder F40
Housing and Urban Development Fraud Prevention Act, 1987-1988.
Box 2 Folder F41
Interstate Banking, 1991.
Box 2 Folder F42
Interstate Banking and Community Reinvestment Act, (Carper Amendment), 1990-1991.
Box 2 Folder F43
Legislative Ideas, 102nd Congress, 1989-1991.
Box 2 Folder F44
Managed Care/Medicaid, 1992.
Box 2 Folder F45
Marine Mammal Health and Stranding Response (H.R. 3486), 1992.
Box 2 Folder F46
MIA/POW Issues, 1991.
Box 2 Folder F47
MIA/POW and Congressional Delegation Trip to Southeast Asia, 1991-1992.
Box 2 Folder F48
NAFTA, 1991.
Box 2 Folder F49
National Fish and Wildlife Enhancement Act, 1988.
Box 2 Folder F50
Notch Baby Bill List, 1987.
Box 2 Folder F51
Oil Spill Legislation, 1990.
Box 2 Folder F52
Panama City Trip, 1990.
Box 2 Folder F53
Quality Assurance, 1992.
Box 2 Folder F54
Reagan Letters, 1987.
Box 2 Folder F55
Rescission (H.R. 2164), 1992.
Box 3 Folder F56
Rescission, Enhanced, 1990.
Box 3 Folder F57
Route 13/Delaware Funding, 1989-1990.
Box 3 Folder F58
Senior Citizens, 1992.
Box 3 Folder F59
Southeast Asia Trip, 1991.
Box 3 Folder F60
St. Georges Bridge, 1989-1991.
Box 3 Folder F61
St. Georges Bridge, 1989-1990.
Box 3 Folder F62
Tourism Development In Delaware, 1991.
Box 3 Folder F63
Traditional/Non-Traditional Lenders' Role in Economic Development, Testimonies, 1991.
Box 3 Folder F64
Transportation, 1992.
Box 3 Folder F65
Treasury Letter, 1991.
Box 3 Folder F66
Uninsured, Suggested Program Reforms for the, 1992.
Box 3 Folder F67
Weakfish, 1991-1992.
Box 3 Folder F68
Welfare, 1992.
Box 3 Folder F69
Welfare Reform Act, 1987.
Box 3 Folder F70
Welfare Reform, Dear Colleague, 1987.
Box 3 Folder F71
Welfare Reform Letters, 1987.
Box 3 Folder F72
Welfare Reform "Side-by-Side" Comparisons.
Box 3 Folder F73
Welfare Reform Letters, 1987.
Box 3 Folder F74
Whip House Resolution 2094 Banking and Insurance, 1991.
Box 3 Folder F75
Baird-Burns, 1984.
Box 3 Folder F76
Palmer-Saxton, 1984.
Box 3 Folder F77
Schmitt-Smith, 1984.
Box 3 Folder F78
Smith, Mary-Weinstein, 1984.
Box 3 Folder F79
Wenk-Ziegler, 1984.
Box 3 Folder F80
Albosta-Blank, 1984-1985.
Box 3 Folder F81
Blaylock-Brown, Deborah, 1984-1985.
Box 3 Folder F82
Brown, Joseph-Crossan, 1984-1985.
Box 3 Folder F83
Czaijkowski-Flickinger, 1984-1985.
Box 3 Folder F84
Fortunato-Hoffman, 1984-1985.
Box 3 Folder F85
Box 3 Folder F86
Koniver-Lynch, 1984-1985.
Box 3 Folder F87
Maass-McDonough, 1984-1985.
Box 3 Folder F88
Mcgrail-Moncure, 1984-1985.
Box 3 Folder F89
Moncure-Pinder, 1984-1985.
Box 3 Folder F90
Plitnick-Rudnitzky, 1984-1985.
Box 3 Folder F91
Saints-Stazesky, 1984-1985.
Box 3 Folder F92
Stockman-Udall, 1984-1985.
Box 3 Folder F93
Ugliest Bartender Committee-Wakefield, 1984-1985.
Box 3 Folder F94
Walker-Young, 1984-1985.
Box 3 Folder F95
Agualdro-Brown, 1985-1986.
Box 3 Folder F96
Bruni-Corr, 1985-1986.
Box 3 Folder F97
Cummings-Emison, 1985-1986.
Box 3 Folder F98
Gelb-Jones, 1985-1986.
Box 3 Folder F99
Jones-Levinson, 1985-1986.
Box 3 Folder F100
Levy-Mitchell, 1985-1986.
Box 3 Folder F101
Mitchell-Oglesby, 1985-1986.
Box 3 Folder F102
Aley-Barnes, 1986-1987.
Box 4 Folder F103
Barnett-Bryant, 1986-1987.
Box 4 Folder F104
Burkey-Cinaglia, 1986-1987.
Box 4 Folder F105
City Systems-Cuwha, 1986-1987.
Box 4 Folder F106
Davidson-Durnan, 1986-1987.
Box 4 Folder F107
Eanes-Forbes, 1986-1987.
Box 4 Folder F108
Foster-Glazier, 1986-1987.
Box 4 Folder F109
Going-Justice, 1986-1987.
Box 4 Folder F110
Kemenash-Hercules, 1986-1987.
Box 4 Folder F111
Hermann-Lieb, 1986-1987.
Box 4 Folder F112
Library Literacy-Plant, 1986-1987.
Box 4 Folder F113
Mabrey-McDowell, 1986-1987.
Box 4 Folder F114
Melnik-Meyer, 1986-1987.
Box 4 Folder F115
Miller, James-Harrison, Robert, 1986-1987.
Box 4 Folder F116
Miller-Minsters, 1986-1987.
Box 4 Folder F117
Monteiro-Oz, 1986-1987.
Box 4 Folder F118
Paradee-Renaud, 1986-1987.
Box 4 Folder F119
Reserve-Seaford, 1986-1987.
Box 4 Folder F120
Seery-Smith, 1986-1987.
Box 4 Folder F121
Snow-Taylor, 1986-1987.
Box 4 Folder F122
Terranova-Volak, 1986-1987.
Box 4 Folder F123
Wagner-Wilkes, 1986-1987.
Box 4 Folder F124
Williams-Xu, 1986-1987.
Box 4 Folder F125
Abelman-Bockorny, 1988.
Box 4 Folder F126
Bort-Caldwell, 1988.
Box 4 Folder F127
Calhoun-Cook, 1988.
Box 4 Folder F128
Dakunchak-Ding, 1988.
Box 4 Folder F129
Dupont-Freer, 1988.
Box 4 Folder F130
Googe-Harkins, 1988.
Box 4 Folder F131
Hatt-Foster, 1988.
Box 4 Folder F132
Hinton-Kerr, 1988.
Box 4 Folder F133
Khan-Lutz, 1988.
Box 4 Folder F134
Ma-Me, 1988.
Box 4 Folder F135
Mi-Mu, 1988.
Box 4 Folder F136
N-O, 1988.
Box 4 Folder F137
P, 1988.
Box 4 Folder F138
R, 1988.
Box 4 Folder F139
S, 1988.
Box 4 Folder F140
Ulrich-V, 1988.
Box 4 Folder F141
W, 1988.
Box 4 Folder F142
First Half Cong. Chronicle Files, 1988.
Box 4 Folder F143
First Half Cong. Chronicle Files, 1988.
Box 4 Folder F144
Copies of notes from D.C. Office, 1988.
Box 4 Folder F145
Copies of correspondence, 1988.
Box 4 Folder F146
Assorted, 1988.
Box 4 Folder F147
Correspondence, Folder 1 of 11, 1989.
Box 5 Folder F148
Correspondence, Folder 2 of 11, 1989.
Box 5 Folder F149
Correspondence, Folder 3 of 11, 1989.
Box 5 Folder F150
Correspondence, Folder 4 of 11, 1989.
Box 5 Folder F151
Correspondence, Folder 5 of 11, 1989.
Box 5 Folder F152
Correspondence, Folder 6 of 11, 1989.
Box 5 Folder F153
Correspondence, Folder 7 of 11, 1989.
Box 5 Folder F154
Correspondence, Folder 8 of 11, 1989.
Box 5 Folder F155
Correspondence, Folder 9 of 11, 1989.
Box 5 Folder F156
Correspondence, Folder 10 of 11, 1989.
Box 5 Folder F157
Correspondence, Folder 11 of 11, 1989.
Box 5 Folder F158
A, 1989-1990.
Box 5 Folder F159
B, 1989-1990.
Box 5 Folder F160
Cahill-Chichocki, 1989-1990.
Box 5 Folder F161
Ciporin-Cooch, 1989-1990.
Box 5 Folder F162
Cohn-Cutrona, 1989-1990.
Box 5 Folder F163
Daney-Donahue, 1989-1990.
Box 5 Folder F164
Doyle-Evans, 1989-1990.
Box 5 Folder F165
Fanning-Firth, 1989-1990.
Box 5 Folder F166
Fitzhugh-Fullman, 1989-1990.
Box 5 Folder F167
Gabel-Gonzer, 1989-1990.
Box 5 Folder F168
Googe-Gurnee, 1989-1990.
Box 5 Folder F169
Hasen-Hecht, 1989-1990.
Box 5 Folder F170
Heckler-Isaacs, 1989-1990.
Box 5 Folder F171
Jacobs-Justice, 1989-1990.
Box 5 Folder F172
Kaczynski-Kenton, 1989-1990.
Box 5 Folder F173
Kidd-Kvalnes, 1989-1990.
Box 5 Folder F174
Lake-Lyons, 1989-1990.
Box 5 Folder F175
Mack-Meyer, 1989-1990.
Box 5 Folder F176
Molinari-Owens, 1989-1990.
Box 5 Folder F177
Plitnick-Pryor, 1989-1990.
Box 5 Folder F178
Queman-Regional Force, 1989-1990.
Box 5 Folder F179
Rhode-Russell, 1989-1990.
Box 5 Folder F180
Salters-Shaw, 1989-1990.
Box 5 Folder F181
Shea-Sweeney, 1989-1990.
Box 5 Folder F182
Taber-Unipan, 1989-1990.
Box 5 Folder F183
Box 5 Folder F184
Wh-Z, 1989-1990.
Box 5 Folder F185
Correspondence, Folder 1 of 4, 1990.
Box 5 Folder F186
Correspondence, Folder 2 of 4, 1990.
Box 5 Folder F187
Correspondence, Folder 3 of 4, 1990.
Box 5 Folder F188
Correspondence, Folder 4 of 4, 1990.
Box 5 Folder F189
Anderson-Bush, 1991.
Box 5 Folder F190
Ca-Cu, 1991.
Box 5 Folder F191
Derwinski-Fisher, 1991.
Box 5 Folder F192
Furgele-Gordy, 1991.
Box 5 Folder F193
Herring, John, 1991.
Box 5 Folder F194
Haskell-Keeler, 1991.
Box 5 Folder F195
Kenney-Levinson, 1991.
Box 5 Folder F196
MacKay-Norman, 1991.
Box 5 Folder F197
Box 5 Folder F198
Ridderhof-Stephens, 1991.
Box 6 Folder F199
T-Z, 1991.
Box 6 Folder F200
Miscellaneous information/ letters/ payraise/ Notch Babies, 1991.
Box 6 Folder F201
Assorted correspondence, Folder 1 of 6.
Box 6 Folder F202
Assorted correspondence, Folder 2 of 6.
Box 6 Folder F203
Assorted correspondence, Folder 3 of 6.
Box 6 Folder F204
Assorted correspondence, Folder 4 of 6.
Box 6 Folder F205
Assorted correspondence, Folder 5 of 6.
Box 6 Folder F206
Assorted correspondence, Folder 6 of 6.
Box 6 Folder F207
A, 1992.
Box 6 Folder F208
B, 1992.
Box 6 Folder F209
C, 1992.
Box 6 Folder F210
D-E, 1992.
Box 6 Folder F211
F, 1992.
Box 6 Folder F212
G, 1992.
Box 6 Folder F213
H, 1992.
Box 6 Folder F214
J-K, 1992.
Box 6 Folder F215
L, 1992.
Box 6 Folder F216
M, 1992.
Box 6 Folder F217
N-P, 1992.
Box 6 Folder F218
R, 1992.
Box 6 Folder F219
S, 1992.
Box 6 Folder F220
T-U, 1992.
Box 6 Folder F221
U.A.W./Chrysler, 1992.
Box 6 Folder F222
V-Z, 1992.
Box 6 Folder F223
Kids letters, 1992.
Box 6 Folder F224
February-June 1992.
Box 6 Folder F225
July-November 1992.
Box 6 Folder F226
Post-Gubernatorial Election, October-December 1992.
Box 6 Folder F227
Post-Gubernatorial Election, October-December 1992.
Box 6 Folder F228
Memos from Press Secretary, Tim Gay, 1983.
Box 6 Folder F229
Memos from Press Secretary, Tim Gay, 1983-1984.
Box 6 Folder F230
Memos from Press Secretary, Tim Gay, 1983-1984.
Box 6 Folder F231
Memos from Press Secretary, Tim Gay, 1983-1984.
Box 6 Folder F232
Private Bill--Horty [Schaefer], 1985-1988.
Box 6 Folder F233
Private Bill--Schaefer, 1985-1990.
Box 6 Folder F234
Look magazine, 1960 Apr 26.
Box 6 Folder F235
Scope and Contents
Correspondence, memoranda, clippings, bills and amendments of legislation, reports, mark-ups, meeting notes, publications, testimonies, pamphlets, studies, drafts, reference materials, bound volumes of hearings. With liberal incorporation laws, Delaware is the on-paper home to half of the companies on the Fortune 500 list and over 200,000 other smaller corporations. As a representative from a state with such strong ties to financial institutions and economic development, Tom Carper had a vested interest in membership on the Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs Committee. He served on various Banking subcommittees, which changed from session to session of Congress. These subcommittees included Financial Institutions, Regulations and Insurance; Housing and Community Development; International Monetary Policy; and Economic Stabilization. Significant legislation documented in this series includes Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act (FIRREA); Flood Insurance; the 1991 Banking Reform Bill; and Housing and Community Development bills. As a member of the Housing and Community Development Subcommittee, Carper sponsored several pieces of legislation relating to public housing. These bills included Lead Paint Abatement in Public Housing, Tenant Income Verification, Family Self-Sufficiency, Mixed Populations in Public Housing, and Prepayment and Preservation, as well as the large Housing Bills that came before the House in 1990 and 1992. Congressman Carper's concern for residents of public housing is apparent in both the Lead Paint Abatement and the Family Self-Sufficiency Act legislation. Lead-based paint was commonly found in public housing, especially in older units dating from the early 1940s. When children living in public housing began to get sick in the 1980s, tests revealed high lead blood levels, indicating lead-based paint as the cause. Carper's tenacity, with the help of Senator Joe Biden (D-Del.), led to Delaware becoming the first state in the nation to abate all lead paint in public housing. Documentation on the court case that illuminated the need for action on the lead paint is included in these files. The case concerned Stephen Jackson, a child who ingested lead-based paint over a period of time, while playing at home, and suffered irreversible brain damage. His mother, with the assistance of the Legal Aid Society in Wilmington, pursued a suit against the Wilmington Housing Authority (WHA), a part of the Housing and Urban Development (HUD) agency. Ms. Jackson cited WHA with negligence because of their slow response to her request and her son's doctor's order for abatement after Steven was hospitalized. In 1984, a Delaware judge ruled that WHA had to comply with the Lead Paint Poisoning Protection (LPPP) Act and abate all public housing known to contain lead-based paint. Delaware was the first state in the nation to do so, accomplishing the task by 1987. In Congress, both Carper and Biden were adamant that HUD pursue abatement as a preventative, rather than remedial, action. HUD preferred a "health" approach to abatement, requiring lead removal only after illness or high lead blood levels had already occurred, while Carper and Biden advocated a "housing" approach, which called for abatement in all public housing regardless of age of inhabitants or signs of illness. Carper and Biden launched a successful national initiative to block HUD's "health" approach. Several other issues involving public housing are included in the files. The Family Self-Sufficiency Act which was designed to enable families living in public housing to slowly begin to get off assistance and buy their own homes. Tenant Income Verification legislation sponsored by Carper provided for ensuring that those who applied for and received assistance from HUD for public housing were indeed needy. Fraudulent income reporting had allowed some individuals to receive federal assistance for housing when in reality these people's incomes exceeded the level required for the assistance. Carper's legislation provided for the use of social security or employer identification numbers to corroborate eligibility. Another Carper bill, Mixed Populations in Public Housing, dealt with federal mandates requiring mixed-age populations, comprising senior citizens and disabled young adults, to live in the same public housing. When crime began to rise in areas with mixed population housing, communities raised an outcry and Carper responded by drafting legislation that would allow these housing communities to keep their federal funding without the need to maintain the mixed populations. "Prepayment and Preservation" legislation was designed to preserve federally funded housing at current levels. Housing bills for 1990 and 1992 and supporting materials complete this section of the series. Reform of the National Flood Insurance Plan (NFIP) was a major piece of legislation during the 102nd Congress, spurred by the damage caused by recent national disasters such as Hurricane Hugo. At the time, communities not participating in the NFIP were still eligible for Federal subsidies and disaster assistance. Congress wanted to reform the NFIP to insure that communities would have to participate in the NFIP in order to receive Federal flood insurance. In 1989, Carper introduced The National Flood and Erosion Mitigation Act of 1989, H.R. 3456, and Congressman Doug Bereuter (R-Neb.) introduced The National Flood Insurance Compliance, Mitigation and Erosion Act of 1990, H.R. 4461. Carper's bill called for measures to encourage increased participation in the NFIP program, reduce repetitive flood insurance claims, and provide for an erosion management program. Bereuter's bill focused on the erosion problem and was based on the National Research Council's report to the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). Carper's bill called for the establishment of ten-, thirty-, and sixty-year setback zones in coastal areas. A setback zone is an area along the waterfront that is threatened by erosion. These zones are created to lessen the probability that structures built behind them will fall into the water. Theoretically, a structure placed behind the 60-year setback zone would be safe from erosion damage for approximately sixty years. No structure seaward of the ten-year setback would qualify for federal flood insurance. This did not prohibit development, only federal insurance coverage. Carper's bill also repealed the Upton-Jones Amendment, which had allowed for destruction and demolition of homes in an undefined area of imminent collapse. It also specified that structures seaward of the thirty-year setback line could be relocated landward of the sixty-year setback line and qualify for NFIP. Demolition could occur if relocation costs exceeded the value of the structure, the structure could not be safely moved, and other circumstances made demolition necessary. In order to receive mortgages from federally insured or supervised lenders, Carper made participation mandatory for structures in flood hazard zones. He made it the responsibility of the lender to notify owners that their property was in a special flood hazard zone and set penalties for lenders who did not require flood insurance. Finally, Carper called for FEMA to establish a National Flood Mitigation Fund for loans and assistance for flood mitigation, administrative expenses, and assistance to states involved in the Flood Mitigation Plan. No action was taken on either H.R. 3456 or H.R. 4461 during the 101st Congress. However, in the 102nd Congress, Congressman Ben Erdreich (D-Ala.), Chairman of the Subcommittee of Policy Research and Insurance, introduced H.R. 1236, a modified version of Carper's bill. Carper was a co-sponsor of the bill. H.R. 1236 passed the House on May 1, 1991. It was introduced into the Senate by John Kerry (D-Mass.) as S. 1650. In the Senate, the bill came under attack by C.M. "Bud" Schauerte, Director of the Federal Insurance Agency and Senator Phil Gramm (R-Tex.). Schauerte and Gramm claimed that the NFIP did not need reforming and that the bill was an attempt to exert federal control over private development in coastal regions. At the end of 1992, when Carper left office, no action had been taken on this bill in the Senate. A significant amount of files in the series are devoted to the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act (FIRREA) of 1989. The files contain detailed information on the progress of this large and complicated piece of legislation. Arranged by title number and also by subpart of each title, FIRREA was a response to major problems in the financial industry during the 1980s. FIRREA was signed into law in August of 1989. Carper's work in the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act (FIRREA) legislation of 1989 is well-documented. Officially described as a bill to "reform, recapitalize, and consolidate the Federal deposit insurance system, to enhance the regulatory and enforcement powers of Federal financial institutions regulatory agencies, and for other purposes," the bill's intent was to provide much-needed regulation of financial institutions after the collapse of several saving and loans (S&Ls, also known as thrifts), in the early 1980s. The legislation would also ensure that S&Ls were made to adhere to the same capital standards as commercial banks. The Reagan administration's push for deregulation of S&Ls in the 1980s contributed to the crisis in the S&L industry. Inadequate bank examination and supervision procedures, and inadequate capital were other factors leading to the crisis. The recession of the early 1980s led to economic collapse in several parts of the country, especially in oil-producing regions. Subsequent fraud and mismanagement in the thrift industry was another problem compounding the S&L crisis. The purpose of FIRREA was to bail out failed institutions via mergers, sales, or liquidations; to set capital standards for thrifts; to restructure and enforce regulatory procedures in the S&L industry; and to increase insurance payments by thrifts and commercial banks to assist in the bailout. With deregulation had come increased opportunities for S&Ls to lend in areas other than residential real estate and this was an area which caused for so many failures. The risks taken by thrifts in non-residential real estate, mishandling of funds, and fraud also contributed to thrift failures. FIRREA files detail major components of the bill, known as titles. There is extensive documentation of amendments, including several by Carper. Carper's main concerns were with improving bank supervision and examination, and setting adequate capital standards. Amendments offered by Carper provided for setting standards for examiners and ensuring they were qualified via testing and education. Capital standards, which refers to the amount of real money with which a bank operates, was another area of contention. Many banks had taken on failed institutions and claimed the assets of the failed bank as capital when in reality, this was a nontangible asset. This "goodwill," as it was called, was created when the liabilities of an institution exceeded the market asset value. The "assets" of a failed thrift represented potential growth, but not existing capital. Capital standards provisions in FIRREA specified that an institution have real capital of 3 % of its assets. Another issue of concern to Carper involved directors' and officers' (D&Os) liabilities. Delaware was very protective of D&Os so Carper had an interest in maintaining this protection in the FIRREA legislation. Carper offered two amendments protecting exclusions in contracts for receivers' and conservators' rights to enforce contracts, and protecting state law on limited indemnification for directors and officers. Other issues in the FIRREA bill included reforms of the Federal Home Loan Bank (FHLB) system and Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation (FSLIC). Prosecution of "S&L Crooks" was also an important issue for Carper at the conclusion of the S&L crisis. In 1991, Carper was elected chair of the Subcommittee on Economic Stabilization. Files of this committee, many of them witness lists and transcripts of hearings, give insight into Carper's leadership and his rapport with peers and colleagues in his capacity as chair. The subcommittee, now defunct, lacked strong legislative authority. Instead, the committee reviewed and processed ideas for new legislation via hearings. Hearings are used as tools both for writing new legislation as well as assessing formerly passed legislation to see if and how it was fulfilling its purposes. While Carper was chair, the subcommittee held a variety of hearings. Topics included Enterprise Zones, Economic Development issues, the Defense Production Act, and National Energy Policy. Files representing all of these issues are present in the papers. Enterprise zones (EZs) refer to those areas within cities or rural areas which are given special treatment, often in the form of tax reductions, to entice businesses to these areas. This not only creates jobs, but promotes favorable business conditions which can encourage further economic development in these areas. Closely related to the Enterprise Zones issue is Economic Development. An issue of national as well as local importance, hearings on Economic Development in the papers look at the impact of reduced federal funding on economic development in cities, notably Philadelphia, and innovative credit and assistance programs that traditional and non-traditional lenders had developed to meet the needs of distressed communities. Hearings on the Defense Production Act (DPA) discussed extension of the act focusing on lessons learned in the just-ended Persian Gulf War. Originally enacted in 1950 at the time of the Korean War, the DPA provided the president with authority to stockpile key goods and allowed the military access to key supplies during times of national emergency. The act also ensured adequate supplies of materials and components for production of defense products. It also provided for the ability to mobilize in times of national emergency. The reauthorization of the Act would allow the provisions of the original act to continue and also give preference to domestic producers of key goods. A component of this act was the Exxon-Florio provision which prohibited foreign mergers which may affect national security. Basically, the act was essential in preserving the country's industrial base for defense and national security. The National Energy Policy was also somewhat in response to the recent Persian Gulf crisis. Components of the bill included reducing U.S. dependence on foreign oil, setting national energy standards, most notably in fuel emissions by automobiles, searching for alternative fuel sources, including nuclear power; and examining domestic regions for drilling, including coastal drilling and the Alaska National Wildlife Refuge. The bill was complex in its many objectives and its need to balance between protecting the environment and the economy. (See also Series I.C.11. Issue Files -- Energy and the Environment, for more detail.) Other bills of note in this series include H.R. 28 Expedited Funds Availability Act of 1987, H.R. 3567 Bank Examination Improvement Act of 1985, and H.R. 4917 Depository Institution Examination Improvement Act of 1986. All three were legislation sponsored by Congressman Carper. A 43-volume set of hearings and reports from the Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs Committee from the 102nd Congress, 1991-1992, completes this series.

Reflecting the work of several legislative assistants, there is no consistent filing scheme throughout the series. Some files are arranged chronologically by congressional session, with subseries by subcommittee jurisdiction or topic. Some files in this series are arranged by subcommittee jurisdiction; a list of Carper's subcommittees is found at the end of this series description as well as in Appendix B. Many files are arranged in topical subseries, such as those pertaining to Flood Insurance, Housing Bills, and FIRREA, as originally maintained by staff. Late accessions of the papers came from legislative assistant Susan Frank, and remain in discrete groups as noted in the contents list.

Physical Description

10 linear foot

Expedited Funds Availability Act, 1983, n.d.
Box 7 Folder F1
Fair Deposit Availability Act/Expedited Funds, 1983.
Box 7 Folder F2
Expedited Funds Availability/Fair Deposit Legislation, 1983-1984.
Box 7 Folder F3
Alternative Delayed Funds Availability Legislation, 1984.
Box 7 Folder F4
Delayed Funds Availability Hearing, April 4, 1984.
Box 7 Folder F5
Financial Institutions Equity Act of 1984--H.R. 5916, 1984.
Box 7 Folder F6
Bank Examination Improvement Act of 1985--H.R. 3567, 1985.
Box 7 Folder F7
Articles/Correspondence/Testimony, 1985-1986.
Box 7 Folder F8
Box 7 Folder F9
Box 7 Folder F10
Box 7 Folder F11
Conference of State Bank Supervisors (CSBS).
Box 7 Folder F12
Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council (FFIEC).
Box 7 Folder F13
Depository Institution Examination Improvement Act of 1986--H.R. 4917, 1986.
Box 7 Folder F14
Depository Institution Examination Improvement Act of 1986/Carper/Lundine--H.R. 4917, 1986.
Box 7 Folder F15
Depository Institutions Improvement Act, 1987--H.R. 545, 1987.
Box 7 Folder F16
TC Am "Local Originating Depository Institution, 1987, 1985-1989.
Box 7 Folder F17
TC Am "Local Originating Depository Institution, 1987, 1985-1989.
Box 7 Folder F18
Draft of TC Op-Ed piece, 1987.
Box 7 Folder F19
Financial Restructuring--Corr from Wm Proxmire re hearing w TC, 1987.
Box 7 Folder F20
Lead-based Paint Testing Legislation, 1987.
Box 7 Folder F21
"Dear Colleagues", 1989-1992.
Box 7 Folder F22
Financial Services Council, H.R., 1992, 1988-1989.
Box 7 Folder F23
General Capital Increase (GCI) for World Bank, 1989.
Box 7 Folder F24
Escrow Accounts, 1990-1991.
Box 7 Folder F25
Mortgage Bankers, 1988-1990.
Box 7 Folder F26
Realtors, 1989.
Box 7 Folder F27
Insurance--Reports, 1989-1990.
Box 7 Folder F28
Insurance [McCarren-Ferguson], 1989-1991.
Box 7 Folder F29
Insurance Powers Initiative in Del.--White Paper & Briefing Doc's, Feb 1, 1989.
Box 7 Folder F30
Int'l Banking Environ'l Protection Act--H.R. 2777-- Pelosi Bill, Am. to H.R. 2494, 1989.
Box 7 Folder F31
International Debt Provisions, 1989.
Box 7 Folder F32
International Development and Finance Act--H.R. 2494--Mark-up, 1989.
Box 7 Folder F33
International Development and Finance Act--H.R. 2494--Mark-up, 1989.
Box 7 Folder F34
Regulation Y / Bank Holding Amendments--TC test. at Fed Reserve, 4/7/1989.
Box 7 Folder F35
Community Reinvestment Act (CRA), 1990.
Box 8 Folder F36
Merchants National, 1990.
Box 8 Folder F37
Mortgage Servicing, 1990.
Box 8 Folder F38
Bank Enterprise Act of 1991, 1991.
Box 8 Folder F39
Money Laundering Hearing [Bank Secrecy Act], Nov 15, 1991.
Box 8 Folder F40
Nat'l Treas's Hearing--test. of Del St. Treas J. Rzewnicki, Apr 25, 1991.
Box 8 Folder F41
Report of the CODEL to SE Asia, Aug 3-11, 1991 (See also Trips series).
Box 8 Folder F42
Various Banking Issues--Background Information, 1991.
Box 8 Folder F43
Various Banking Reform Legislation--Information, Correspondence, 1991.
Box 8 Folder F44
Constituent Correspondence, 1991-1992.
Box 8 Folder F45
Dear Colleagues (rec'd) / Congressional Correspondence, 1991-1992.
Box 8 Folder F46
Subcommittee Description/101st Congress Hearings, 1990.
Box 8 Folder F47
Comm Leg Agenda for 1992--Corr/memo, TC Request for Chair, 1990-1991.
Box 8 Folder F48
Opening Statement/Press Release--Chairmanship, 1991.
Box 8 Folder F49
Hearings List, 1992[?].
Box 8 Folder F50
Too Big to Fail (TBTF) Background, May 1991 Hearing.
Box 8 Folder F51
Fair Trade in Financial Services, 1991.
Box 8 Folder F52
Legislation/Statements, 1991-1992.
Box 8 Folder F53
Press Releases, 1991-1991.
Box 8 Folder F54
Report--DPA of 1950, Jan. 1992.
Box 8 Folder F55
General Economic Development--Notes, Memoranda, 1991-1992.
Box 8 Folder F56
Strategic Economic Development Planning: Models for Success, Sep 10,1992.
Box 8 Folder F57
Strategic Economic Development Planning: Models for Success, Sep 22, 1992.
Box 8 Folder F58
Strategic Economic Development Planning: Models for Success, Sep 24, 1992.
Box 8 Folder F59
Letters of Invitation to Testify at Hearing, 1992.
Box 8 Folder F60
Information and Notes.
Box 8 Folder F61
Testimonies--Economic Growth of the Tri-State Region, Apr 24, 1992.
Box 8 Folder F62
Background Panel III--Access to Credit--Field Hearing, 1988-1992.
Box 8 Folder F63
US Economy: Current Performance & Options for Promoting Long-Term Growth, Jan 28, 1992.
Box 8 Folder F64
Prospects for Economic Growth--Hearing, 2/20/92.
Box 8 Folder F65
Enterprise Zone Amendments--H.R. 4210/H.R. 5334, 1992.
Box 8 Folder F66
Jt Hearing: Trad/Non-Traditional Lenders--Corr, Notes, 1992.
Box 8 Folder F67
Background Information/Articles, 1991.
Box 8 Folder F68
CRS Reports, 1991.
Box 8 Folder F69
Hearing: Implications for Economic Growth, Oct 17, 1991.
Box 8 Folder F70
Hearing: Economic Implications of Energy Conservation, Nov 6, 1991.
Box 8 Folder F71
Effect of Interst. Banking on Nat'l, State, Local Economies, May 15, 1991.
Box 8 Folder F72
Reauthorization Issues re Econ Dev Adm (EDA) & the Appalachian Regional Commission (ARC), Jul 23, 1991.
Box 8 Folder F73
European Community--Hearings, 1992.
Box 8 Folder F74
European Community--Goldey Beacom College Speech, 1992.
Box 8 Folder F75
Europe, 1992.
Box 8 Folder F76
Fair Credit Reporting Act, H.R. 3596--Mark-up, 1992.
Box 8 Folder F77
Federal Budget Deficit, 1992.
Box 8 Folder F78

Note: end of first chronological arrangement.

Bill copy--H.R. 1278.
Box 9 Folder F79
Conferees, July 1989.
Box 9 Folder F80
Floor Amendments, 1988-1989.
Box 9 Folder F81
Box 9 Folder F82
Box 9 Folder F83
Box 9 Folder F84
Box 9 Folder F85
Sections/Amendments, 1989 (binder).
Box 9 Folder F86
Sections/Amendments--Mark-up, 1989 (binder).
Box 9 Folder F87
University of Delaware Banking, 1988-1989.
Box 9 Folder F88
Bill Summary, 1989.
Box 9 Folder F89
Capital, 1989.
Box 9 Folder F90
Capital--Full Committee, 1989.
Box 9 Folder F91
Capital Regulations, 1989.
Box 9 Folder F92
Capital Standards/Goodwill, 1989.
Box 9 Folder F93
Conference Language, 1989.
Box 9 Folder F94
Credit Unions, 1989.
Box 9 Folder F95
Cross-Marketing, 1989.
Box 9 Folder F96
Directors and Officers (D&O) Liability, 1989.
Box 9 Folder F97
D&O Liability, 1989.
Box 9 Folder F98
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) Comment, 1989.
Box 9 Folder F99
Federal Home Loan Bank (FHLB), 1989.
Box 9 Folder F100
FHLB System, 1989.
Box 9 Folder F101
FSLIC Amendments, 1989.
Box 9 Folder F102
FSLIC Amendments/Carper Amendments, 1989.
Box 9 Folder F103
Junk Bonds, 1989.
Box 9 Folder F104
Passive Investments, 1989.
Box 9 Folder F105
Report Language--Beneficial, 1989.
Box 9 Folder F106
Risk-based Capital, 1989.
Box 9 Folder F107
Savings and Loan (S&L) Amendments, 1989.
Box 9 Folder F108
S&L Conference Memos, 1989.
Box 9 Folder F109
Special Interests, 1989.
Box 9 Folder F110
Subsidiary Investment [McCollum Amendment], 1989.
Box 9 Folder F111
Resolution Trust Corporation (RTC), 1989-1990.
Box 9 Folder F112
Savings and Loan Crooks, 1990.
Box 9 Folder F113
Loans to One Borrower, 1990.
Box 9 Folder F114
FHLB System, 1989.
Box 9 Folder F115
Report Language, 1989.
Box 9 Folder F116
Title II--Goodwill, FDIC Authorization Response, 1989.
Box 10 Folder F117
Title II Amendments, 1989.
Box 10 Folder F118
Title III Amendments, 1989.
Box 10 Folder F119
Title IV, 1989.
Box 10 Folder F120
Title V, 1989.
Box 10 Folder F121
Title VI, 1989.
Box 10 Folder F122
Title VII Gonzalez/Wylie, 1989.
Box 10 Folder F123
Title IX, 1989.
Box 10 Folder F124
Title XI, 1989.
Box 10 Folder F125
Pay Parity Compensation, 1989.
Box 10 Folder F126
Examiners Compensation, 1989.
Box 10 Folder F127
Delaware Bank Amendments, 1989.
Box 10 Folder F128
National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund (NCUSIF), 1989.
Box 10 Folder F129
American Bankers Association Information, 1989.
Box 10 Folder F130
Restriction of Activities--Thrifts, 1989.
Box 10 Folder F131
Logo [stickers for insured Banks], 1989.
Box 10 Folder F132
Technicals to Watch, 1989.
Box 10 Folder F133
General Memos/Overview, 1989.
Box 10 Folder F134
Cross-Guarantee, 1989.
Box 10 Folder F135
D&O Liability, 1989.
Box 10 Folder F136
Resolution Trust Corporation/Environment, Task Force Hearing 9/7/90, 1990.
Box 10 Folder F137
S&L Clippings, 1990-1991.
Box 10 Folder F138
S&L Issues--Articles/Draft Piece by TC, 1987-1990.
Box 10 Folder F139
Other Proposals, River Corridor Multi Objective Assistance Act, H.R. 4250, 1990.
Box 10 Folder F140
Impact of Surcharge/Mitigation in S. 1650, Dec. 1991.
Box 10 Folder F141
Bereuter Bill, National Flood Insurance Compliance, Mitigation and Erosion Mgmt Act of 1990, H.R. 4461, Apr 4, 1990.
Box 10 Folder F142
Side-by-Side, Carper Bill, Erdreich Proposal, and Bereuter Proposal, 1990.
Box 10 Folder F143
"Dear Colleagues," re H.R. 1236, 1989.
Box 10 Folder F144
Summaries of H.R. 1236, Section by Section Analysis, 1991.
Box 10 Folder F145
Federal Insurance Agency (FIA) - Flood Emergency Magmt Agency (FEMA), H.R. 1236, 1991.
Box 10 Folder F146
Letter from House Members to Senators, Re: S. 1650, Feb 6, 1992.
Box 10 Folder F147
TC's Am to H.R. 1236/Subcommittee Markup, Mar 4, 1991.
Box 10 Folder F148
Erdreich Am to H.R. 1236/Committee Markup, Apr 11, 1991.
Box 10 Folder F149
TC's Am to H.R. 1236/Committee Markup, April 11, 1991.
Box 10 Folder F150
Senate Legislation/S. 1650/102nd Congress, 1991.
Box 10 Folder F151
Director of FIA, C.M. "Bud" Schauerte Testimony/Senate, Sept 25, 1991.
Box 10 Folder F152
Administrative Position on H.R. 1236/S. 1650/102nd Congress, Aug 1991.
Box 10 Folder F153
Concerns re S. 1650/H.R. 1236 -- Response to Criticism, Oct 1991 - Jan 1992.
Box 10 Folder F154
Ltr to Sen. Roth, Impact of S. 1650 on Delaware, Mar 13, 1992.
Box 10 Folder F155
Ltr to Sen. Kerry re Flood Ins Atlantic Striped Bass Conserv Act, Aug 5, 1992.
Box 10 Folder F156
Sen Banking Comm Am/Kerry, Nat'l Flood Ins Mitigation & Erosion Mgmt Act of 1992, Jun 18, 1992.
Box 10 Folder F157
Increased Cost of Construction, Dec 1991 - Jun 1992.
Box 10 Folder F158
GAO Reports on National Flood Insurance Program, 1986-1990.
Box 10 Folder F159
GAO--Statistics Request, Mar 1987 - Apr 1988.
Box 10 Folder F160
Lucas Case re Federal Takings, 5th and 14th Amendments, 1992.
Box 10 Folder F161
Community Rating Letters, Oct 1989.
Box 10 Folder F161
Community Rating Letters, Oct 1989.
Box 10 Folder F162
Private Determination Companies, 1990.
Box 10 Folder F163
FEMA "Write Your Own" Advantage, 1988.
Box 10 Folder F164
FEMA Unified Program Report, March 1986.
Box 10 Folder F165
Maine Lender Compliance Study, 1987.
Box 10 Folder F166
FEMA Flood Loss Information, 1988.
Box 10 Folder F167
National Flood Insurance Plan (NFIP) Repetitive Losses/FIA Data, Jun 1990.
Box 11 Folder F168
Tulane Law Review/Oliver Houck Article, Oct 1985.
Box 11 Folder F169
Citizens to Preserve South Texas Economic Resource Pro-Development, 1987.
Box 11 Folder F170
Coastal States Organization/Concerns, Jul -Aug 1988.
Box 11 Folder F171
"Beaches 2000"/Report to the Governor, Jun 21, 1988.
Box 11 Folder F172
Office of Techn. Assess. Rept: Wastes in the Marine Environment, Apr 28, 1987.
Box 11 Folder F173
Global Warming/Sea-Level Rise/Cost of Fighting Back, 1984-1991.
Box 11 Folder F174
New Jersey Beach Restoration Costs, 1992.
Box 11 Folder F175
Erosion Effect on Land Values, 1992.
Box 11 Folder F176
Setbacks and Takings, Summer 1991.
Box 11 Folder F177
Coastal Setback Requirements, 1988.
Box 11 Folder F178
Calculated Erosion Rates, 1991.
Box 11 Folder F179
Ten-Year Zone Controversy Concerns and Solutions, 1992.
Box 11 Folder F180
Upton-Jones Amendment, 1990.
Box 11 Folder F181
NFIP and Coasts/Coastal Alliance/National Wildlife Federation, Sept 1989.
Box 11 Folder F182
Coastal Hazards/National Oceanic and Atmospheric Adm Report, Jul 1990.
Box 11 Folder F183
Government Subsidy of Coastal Barrier Development, 1985.
Box 11 Folder F184
Coastal Barrier Resources Act/Gov't Subsidies/NWF/National Taxpayers Union Report, Apr 1989.
Box 11 Folder F185
Coastal Barriers Resources Act (CBRA) Article, 1991.
Box 11 Folder F186
Coastal Press Conference--Carper/Sen. Chaffee (R-RI), Sept 19, 1989.
Box 11 Folder F187
Hurricane Hugo, 1989.
Box 11 Folder F188
Hurricane Hugo Trip--Christophe Tolou, Oct 1989.
Box 11 Folder F189
NFIP Situation Post--Hurricane Andrew, Sep 1992.
Box 11 Folder F190
Background and Need for Legislation, May 1, 1989.
Box 11 Folder F191
TC Testimony re NFIP, May 3, 1989.
Box 11 Folder F192
TC Statement/Coastal Barrier Workshop, May 20, 1989.
Box 11 Folder F193
H.R. 3456--National Flood and Erosion Insurance and Mitigation Act of 1989--Section-by-Section, 1989.
Box 11 Folder F194
Cost Benefits of H.R. 3159/H.R. 3456 (National Flood and Erosion Insurance and Mitigation Act of 1989), 1988-1989.
Box 11 Folder F195
"Dear Colleagues"/H.R. 1236/102nd Congress, Apr 29, 1991.
Box 11 Folder F196
H.R. 1236 As Introduced/102nd Congress, Mar 5, 1991.
Box 11 Folder F197
NFIP Statutes, Dec 1988.
Box 11 Folder F198
Lender Penalty Amendment--Not Offered, 1988.
Box 11 Folder F199
Role of Coastal Zone Management Act, 1986-1989.
Box 11 Folder F200
IRS Code/Casualty Loss Deductions/Second Home Mortgages Deductions, 1991.
Box 11 Folder F201
Corps of Engineers Activities, Nov 28, 1990.
Box 11 Folder F202
Coastal Development Bill--Draft, 102nd Congress/1st Session, 1991.
Box 11 Folder F203
Coastal Development Paper--C. Tulou, 1991.
Box 11 Folder F204
Coastal Development/Floods/Delaware, 1978-1988.
Box 11 Folder F205
Sand Rights In Coastal Erosion Management Article, Nov 1988.
Box 11 Folder F206
Flood Plain Management/Law Review Articles, 1988.
Box 11 Folder F207
FIA Director Schauerte Background, 1990.
Box 11 Folder F208
Articles on Bud Schauerte Visit to Delaware, Jan 1992.
Box 11 Folder F209
Office of Management and Budget/FIA - Schuarte Problems, Feb 1992.
Box 11 Folder F210
General Letters re H.R. 1236, 1991.
Box 11 Folder F211
CRS Reports on NFIP, Oct. 1988- Oct 1991.
Box 11 Folder F212
CRS Study of NFIP and Coastal Zone Management Plan, Dec 1987.
Box 11 Folder F213
CRS Report on Federal Assistance in Coastal Areas, Apr 1989.
Box 11 Folder F214
Pilkey Article - Smithsonian, Oct 1991.
Box 11 Folder F215
Pilkey Article "Save Beaches, Not Buildings,", Spring 1992.
Box 11 Folder F216
Legal Literature/Bibliography, through 1991.
Box 11 Folder F217
Schauerte Testimony, 1991.
Box 11 Folder F218
New York Times Op-Ed Piece, Sep 1992.
Box 11 Folder F219
Box 11 Folder F220
Box 11 Folder F221
Talking Points/Meeting with Delaware Mayors, March 13, 1992.
Box 11 Folder F222
Memo--Talk with Senator Kerry, May 14, 1992.
Box 11 Folder F223
FEMA Information Packet, 1992.
Box 11 Folder F224
FEMA Information--General, 1992.
Box 11 Folder F225
Maryland Flood Insurance Information, 1988.
Box 11 Folder F226
South Carolina Beach Front Management Act, 1990.
Box 11 Folder F227
Lender Compliance, 1989.
Box 11 Folder F228
Lender Compliance, 1989.
Box 12 Folder F229
Testimony on Lender Compliance--House, 1990.
Box 12 Folder F230
Lender Compliance, 1992.
Box 12 Folder F231
Sen. Kerry/Nat'l Flood Insurance Reform Act of 1992, S. 2907, Sep 1992.
Box 12 Folder F232
Letters In Support of S. 1650/H.R. 1236, 1992.
Box 12 Folder F233
Opponents Concerns to H.R. 1236/S. 1650/S. 2907, Feb-Mar 1992.
Box 12 Folder F234
Erosion Zone Concerns/S. 1650, Apr-May 1992.
Box 12 Folder F235
H.R. 3456/3159 and Drafts/101st Congress, 1989.
Box 12 Folder F236
H.R. 1236/Banking Committee Report 102-38, April 1991.
Box 12 Folder F237
Use of Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) Fund, 1986.
Box 12 Folder F238
Carper's Efforts to keep FHA Office Open, 1986.
Box 12 Folder F239
H.R. 1--House Consideration, 1986.
Box 12 Folder F240
Tenant Income Verification, 1985-1986.
Box 12 Folder F241
Tenant Income Verification, 1986-1987.
Box 12 Folder F242
Lead Paint I, 1985-1986.
Box 12 Folder F243
Lead Paint I, 1985-1986.
Box 12 Folder F244
Lead Paint I, 1984-1990.
Box 12 Folder F245
Lead Paint II, 1987-1988.
Box 12 Folder F246
Lead Paint II, 1985-1988.
Box 12 Folder F247
Lead Paint II, 1987-1988.
Box 12 Folder F248
Lead Paint II, 1987-1988.
Box 12 Folder F249
Lead Paint II, 1987-1988.
Box 12 Folder F250
Fair Housing Amendments, H.R. 1158, 1988.
Box 12 Folder F251
Original Bill, 1989-1990 Subcmte. Prints, 1989-1990.
Box 12 Folder F252
Senate Version, Cranston/D'Amato, S. 565 & S. 566, 1989.
Box 12 Folder F253
Overview TC Amendments (Subcommittee Consideration), 1990.
Box 12 Folder F254
Memos to TC, 1989-1990.
Box 12 Folder F255
Bartlett Amendment-Full Committee., 1990.
Box 12 Folder F256
Carper/Price Amendment, Full Committee. Consideration, 1990.
Box 12 Folder F257
Frank Amendment-House Floor, 1990.
Box 12 Folder F258
Carper/Price Amendment-House Floor, 1990.
Box 12 Folder F259
Senate Provisions, 1990.
Box 12 Folder F260
Conference, 1990.
Box 12 Folder F261
Background-H&CD Act of 1987, 1987-1988.
Box 12 Folder F262
Background, Correspondence, Testimonies, 1989-1990.
Box 12 Folder F263
Background, Correspondence, Testimonies, 1989-1990.
Box 13 Folder F264
TC Amendment-Full Committee Mark Up, 1990.
Box 13 Folder F265
Conference Language, 1990.
Box 13 Folder F266
Roukema-Carper Amendment, Full Committee Mark Up, 1990.
Box 13 Folder F267
Rep. Kaptur Dear Colleague, 1990.
Box 13 Folder F268
Conference Negotiations & Final Language, 1990.
Box 13 Folder F269
Background, 1990.
Box 13 Folder F270
TC Amendments, 1989-1990.
Box 13 Folder F271
Background and Correspondence, 1989-1990.
Box 13 Folder F272
Conference Language, 1990.
Box 13 Folder F273
TC Amendment (Subcmte. Consideration), 1990.
Box 13 Folder F274
Public Housing. Disposition Conference Language, 1990.
Box 13 Folder F275
TC Amendments-Subcmte. & Full Committee Consideration, 1989-1990.
Box 13 Folder F276
Senate Provisions & Conference Language, 1990?.
Box 13 Folder F277
Lead Paint--TC's Amendment-Subcommittee Consideration, 1990.
Box 13 Folder F278
H.R. 1180--House Consideration, 1990.
Box 13 Folder F279
Conference Agreement, Cranston/Gonzalez Natl Affordable Housing Act, 1990.
Box 13 Folder F280
FY90 HUD/VA Independent Agencies Appropriations TC Floor Remarks & Background, 1989.
Box 13 Folder F281
Leland Housing Bill, 1989-1990.
Box 13 Folder F282
Low Income Housing Tax Credit, 1990.
Box 13 Folder F283
1989 Housing Bill, H.R. 1--Background & Final Provisions, 1989.
Box 13 Folder F284
1988 Housing, H.R. 3891-Housing Production Block Grant, 1988.
Box 13 Folder F285
1987 Housing, H.R. 4--Housing & Comm Dev Act of 1987, 1987-1988.
Box 13 Folder F286
Housing Background--CRS Reports, 1989, 1991.
Box 13 Folder F287
Delaware Housing Concerns, 1986-1990.
Box 13 Folder F288
Wilmington Housing Authority (WHA), 1989-1991.
Box 13 Folder F289
Delaware State Housing Authority (DHSA), 1990-1992.
Box 13 Folder F290
Wilmington Partnership, Photos, 1990-1992.
Box 13 Folder F291
Miscellaneous Housing Meetings, 1990-1991.
Box 13 Folder F292
Tenant Integrity Program Event, 1991.
Box 13 Folder F293
Background for Homebuilders Speech, H.R. 1414, 1991.
Box 13 Folder F294
Del. Housing Meetings, Spring 1992--Prep for 1992 Housing Bill--Schedules, 1992.
Box 13 Folder F295
Del. Housing Orgs- Reccomm. to Carper for Action in 1992 Housing Bill, 1992.
Box 13 Folder F296
HUD-VA Appropriations Testimony and Background, 1992.
Box 13 Folder F297
Emergency Community Development Act of 1992--Memos, Miscellaneous, 1992.
Box 13 Folder F298
Subcommittee Markup of H.R. 5334--Overview of Carper Am, 1992.
Box 13 Folder F299
Security Deposit Program, 1992.
Box 13 Folder F300
H.R. 5334--Housing and Community Development Act of 1992, 1992.
Box 13 Folder F301
Family Self-Sufficiency, 1992.
Box 13 Folder F302
House Passage/Highlights of Carper Legislation, 1992.
Box 13 Folder F303
Overview of TC Involvement & Background for Del. NAHRO Newsletter, 1992.
Box 13 Folder F304
Floor Statement--Carper, October 5, 1992.
Box 13 Folder F305
Carper Request to Serve on Conference Committee, Sep 14, 1992.
Box 13 Folder F306
Dover Housing Authority Family Self-Sufficiency, Feb 1992.
Box 13 Folder F307
HUD Notices--Delaware Grants, 1992.
Box 13 Folder F308
Refinancing Sec. 235 Mortgages, 1987.
Box 13 Folder F309
Miscellaneous Memos to TC on Housing Issues, 1988.
Box 13 Folder F310
Speech to Delaware Coalition.
Box 13 Folder F311
Rep. Flake Letter to HUD re: Public Housing Modernization, 1988.
Box 13 Folder F312
Solicited Recommendations for Legislative Action by Delaware Housing Administration.
Box 13 Folder F313
Corr w/ House Appropriations Comm. re Comm Dev. Block Grant Funding, 1989.
Box 13 Folder F314
Rural Housing Issues/FmHA Meeting/Corr w/Del State Dir G. Wallace Caulk, 1989.
Box 13 Folder F315
Memos to TC and staff re Housing Issues, 1989/1990.
Box 13 Folder F316
Solicited Recommendations for Action by Del Housing Administrators, 1989.
Box 13 Folder F317
Memo to TC on Housing Issues in Preparation for Legislative Action, 1989.
Box 13 Folder F318
HUD Reform Bill and Congressional Quarterly Articles, 1989.
Box 13 Folder F319
CRS Report -- Cranston/Gonzalez National Affordable Housing Act, 1990.
Box 13 Folder F320
Delaware Realtor Issues, 1990-1991.
Box 13 Folder F321
Low Income Housing Tax Credit -- TC Cosponsor of H.R. 2319, 1991.
Box 13 Folder F322
Housing Bill -- TC Amendment, 1992.
Box 13 Folder F323
Use of Home Dollars for Securing Deposits (Successful), 1992.
Box 14 Folder F324
Sale of Scattered Site Public Housing (Incorporated into Comm Bill), 1992.
Box 14 Folder F325
Memo to TC on Subcommittee Markup of H.R. 4073, 1992.
Box 14 Folder F326
Urgent Relief for the Homeless (H.R. 558), 1987.
Box 14 Folder F326
Reauthorization -- H.R. 4352, PL 100-628, 1988.
Box 14 Folder F327
H.R. 3789.
Box 14 Folder F328
Letter to House Appropriations (TC Cosponsored), 1989.
Box 14 Folder F329
TC Amendment to H.R. 1, 1985.
Box 14 Folder F330
TC Amendment to H.R. 4, 1987.
Box 14 Folder F331
PL 100-242 w/TC's Amendment.
Box 14 Folder F332
HUD's Proposed Rule, Apr 1988.
Box 14 Folder F333
HUD Notice Re: Amendment Requirements, Sep 1988.
Box 14 Folder F334
TC Statement.
Box 14 Folder F335
Language in FY 90 Appropriations Bill Re: HUD Guidelines, 1989.
Box 14 Folder F336
TC Corr w/Gonzalez re: Funding Authorization Levels in H.R. 1180, 1990.
Box 14 Folder F337
Washington Post Editorial, Oct 9, 1991.
Box 14 Folder F338
Background Materials.
Box 14 Folder F339
Hearing -- Housing for the Elderly and Handicapped, Mar 1990.
Box 14 Folder F340
GAO Report, Mar 1990.
Box 14 Folder F341
Donnelly Bill, H.R. 3425, 1992.
Box 14 Folder F342
Kleczka Bill, H.R. 4435 -- TC Cosponsored, Mar 1992.
Box 14 Folder F343
House Subcommittee Hearing, Mar 1992.
Box 14 Folder F344
Miscellaneous Industry Suggestions/Comments, 1992.
Box 14 Folder F345
Kleczka/Carper Amendment to H.R. 5334, Subcommittee Passed, May 1992.
Box 14 Folder F346
Kleczka/Carper Amendment to H.R. 5334, Full Committee, 1992.
Box 14 Folder F347
H.R. 5334 -- House/Senate Conference, Oct 1992.
Box 14 Folder F348
Kleczka/Carper Amendment As Passed by Full House in H.R. 5334, 1992.
Box 14 Folder F349
Memos to TC, 1991, 1992.
Box 14 Folder F350
Kleczka/Carper Amendment to H.R. 5334 - TC Response to Constituents, 1992.
Box 14 Folder F351
News Journal Article re: Success of, Aug 6, 1992, Aug 6, 1992.
Box 14 Folder F352
News Journal Articles, 1991, 1992.
Box 14 Folder F353
Background, 1992.
Box 14 Folder F354
Delaware Correspondence, 1992.
Box 14 Folder F355
Publ. Comments on HUD -- Proposed TIV Rule, 1988.
Box 14 Folder F356
HUD Communique, 1988.
Box 14 Folder F357
HUD Letter to PHAS re: TIV, 1988/1989.
Box 14 Folder F358
HUD Office of Inspector General Activities, 1989.
Box 14 Folder F359
TC Remarks to HUD Tenant Integrity Workshop, 1991.
Box 14 Folder F360
Correspondence w/I.G. Paul Adams and Delaware Event, 1991/1992.
Box 14 Folder F361
S&L Crisis, House Consideration, General, 1989.
Box 14 Folder F362
S&L Crisis, Miscellaneous News Articles, 1989.
Box 14 Folder F363
Carper Efforts to Prosecute S&L Crooks, 1990.
Box 14 Folder F364
Delaware Comm Reinvestment Action Council/CRA, 1989-1991.
Box 14 Folder F365
Interamerican Development Bank -- Reauthorize/Amendments to Export Import Bank/ Tied Aid Credit Program (International Subcommittee), 1989.
Box 14 Folder F366
Agglomerate Marble Bill (H.R. 1886), 1989.
Box 14 Folder F367
Uniform Single Audit Act.
Box 14 Folder F368
Report of Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering, Apr 1990.
Box 14 Folder F369
Full House Consideration -- Carper Legislation (Passes 406-0), 1990.
Box 14 Folder F370
Full Committee Action on Carper Legislation, Mar 1990.
Box 14 Folder F371
Subcommittee Action on Carper Legislation, Mar 1990.
Box 14 Folder F372
H.R. 5889 (House Passed w/House/Senate Conference Agreements -- Never Passed Congress), 1990.
Box 14 Folder F373
Hearing, Full Committee, Jul 1991.
Box 14 Folder F374
Full Committee Report Accompanying H.R. 26, 1991.
Box 14 Folder F375
Full Committee Markup of H.R. 26, Mar 1991.
Box 14 Folder F376
H.R. 26 As Reported by Committee, 1991.
Box 14 Folder F377
RTC Funding Bill, Mar 6, 1991.
Box 14 Folder F378
Legislation Incorporated into Housing Bill, 1992.
Box 14 Folder F379
Meeting w/Delaware Bankers, Mar 1992.
Box 14 Folder F380
Financial Services Modernization -- Letter to Greenspan, 1992.
Box 14 Folder F381
Interstate Banking/Branching: Insurance Compromise (Never Enacted - TC Opposed), 1992.
Box 14 Folder F382
Consumer Reporting Reform Act of 1992, 1992.
Box 14 Folder F383
Carper's "Greatest Hits" (notes compiled for Banking/Housing staff by Susan Frank), Oct 16, 1992.
Box 14 Folder F384
Highlights -- Carper Banking/Housing/Legislation, 1984-1992.
Box 14 Folder F385
Box 14 Folder F386
Administration Proposal, March 1991.
Box 14 Folder F387
H.R. 2094 (Original Bill to Recapitalize the Bank Insurance Fund).
Box 14 Folder F388
Banking Committee Print.
Box 14 Folder F389
Insurance Underwriting Letters to Treasury and FDIC RE: Carper Amendment, June 1991.
Box 14 Folder F390
Second Circuit Court of Appeals Decision, June 1991.
Box 14 Folder F391
Letter to Annunzio re Banking Committee Markup.
Box 14 Folder F392
House Banking Committee (HBC)-- Annunzio/Wyle (Insurance) Amendment.
Box 15 Folder F393
Carper INS Underwriting Amendment -- Full Banking Committee (Failed Voice Vote).
Box 15 Folder F394
HBC Consider: Carper Insurance Sales Amendment to Annunzio/Wyle.
Box 15 Folder F395
HBC Consider: Carper Amendment on Acceptance of State Exams.
Box 15 Folder F396
Closing Federal Reserve Discount Window "Too Big to Fail" Carper and Other Amendments.
Box 15 Folder F397
HBC Consider: Amendments Status Sheet.
Box 15 Folder F398
H.R. 6, Reported by Banking Committee.
Box 15 Folder F399
Memo - Importance to Delaware (Banking Committee Passed Bill).
Box 15 Folder F400
Carper letters to HBC Members RE: Delaware Bank Insurance Law.
Box 15 Folder F401
Explanation of Delawrae Bank Insurance Powers Act (Bank Commissioner Keith Ellis).
Box 15 Folder F402
Side-by-side Comparison of Proposals (by ABA).
Box 15 Folder F403
Markup of H.R. 6 In Energy and Commerce Committee.
Box 15 Folder F404
Insurance - Carper Letter to Energy and Commerce Committee.
Box 15 Folder F405
S. 543, Senate Version (Riegle).
Box 15 Folder F406
Senate Bill, Sec. 774 - Underwriting Grandfather.
Box 15 Folder F407
Senate Bill, Sec. 772 - Insurance Sales.
Box 15 Folder F408
Precursor to House Floor Consideration (Round I).
Box 15 Folder F409
House Floor Consideration (H.R. 6) - Carper "Dear Colleagues".
Box 15 Folder F410
House Floor Consideration (H.R. 6) - "Dear Colleagues".
Box 15 Folder F411
Wylie "Motion to Recommit".
Box 15 Folder F412
Box 15 Folder F413
Box 15 Folder F414
HBC (H.R. 2094).
Box 15 Folder F415
House Floor Consideration (H.R. 2094).
Box 15 Folder F416
FDIC Recapitalization - Carper "Dear Colleague".
Box 15 Folder F417
Insurance Sales - Carper Amendment to H.R. 2094.
Box 15 Folder F418
RD II HBC (H.R. 3768).
Box 15 Folder F419
Insurance Underwriting In House - Passed Bill (H.R. 3768) Carper Correspondence w/Gonzalez.
Box 15 Folder F420
RD III House Floor Consideration (H.R. 3768) FDIC Recapitalization.
Box 15 Folder F421
Conference, H.R. 3768.
Box 15 Folder F422
Box 15 Folder F423
In Conference - Thank You Letters to Supporters.
Box 15 Folder F424
Legislative History - Insurance Underwriting Grandfather.
Box 15 Folder F425
Conference Report "Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. Improvement Act of 1991".
Box 15 Folder F426
Carper Statement/Summary, December 1991.
Box 15 Folder F427
Box 15 Folder F428
Draft Constituent Correspondence.
Box 15 Folder F429
Constituent Issues/Concerns.
Box 15 Folder F430
Summary, Final FDIC Act of 1991.
Box 15 Folder F431
Technical Corrections Thereto, 1992.
Box 15 Folder F432
1992 Technical Corrections Bill and Carper/Gonzalez Correspondence.
Box 15 Folder F433
Proposed Rule, Jul 1992.
Box 15 Folder F434
FDIC Proposed Rule, - Carper Letter to FDIC.
Box 15 Folder F435
Proposed Rule, Letters to FDIC.
Box 15 Folder F436
FDIC Final Rule.
Box 15 Folder F437
Background, Bank Insurance Powers.
Box 15 Folder F438
Literature from Insurance Lobby.
Box 15 Folder F439
Delaware Bankers Comments.
Box 15 Folder F440
Insurance Sales Merchants Nat'l Decision by Federal Reserve, 1989.
Box 15 Folder F441
Box 15 Folder F442
Box 15 Folder F443
Box 15 Folder F444
Town of 5000 Court Decision.
Box 15 Folder F445
TC CRA Amendment -- Report Language Requiring Study of CRA Performance of Special Purpose Banks.
Box 15 Folder F446
Hearings, Books 1-9.
Prints, Book 9.
Prints, Reports, Public Law, Book 10.
Hearings, Books 1-6.
Committee Prints, House Reports, Book 7.
Hearings, Books 1-4.
Commitee Prints, House Reports, Book 4.
House Reports, Public Laws, Book 5.
Hearings, Books 1-4.
House Reports, Public Laws, Book 4.
Hearings, Books 1-2.
Hearings, Books 1-3.
Hearings, Books 1-3.
House Reports, Public Laws, Book 3.
Hearings, Books 1-4.
Committee Prints, House Reports, Public Laws, Book 4.
Hearings, Books 1-3.
Committee Prints, House Reports, Book 4.
Scope and Contents

Correspondence, memoranda, meeting notes, floor statements, memos, drafts of bills and amendments, final versions of bills, published testimonies, published reports, and clippings.

The bulk of these committee files were maintained by Christophe Tulou, the legislative assistant who covered MMF committee work as well as other environmental issues for Carper from 1983-1991. Unlike the majority of the series in the Carper Papers, this is one of the few file series in the collection that is documented from the beginning of Carper's tenure in Congress until the end. Carper chaired the Subcommittee on Economic Stabilization of the Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs Committee in 1991-1992, and Tulou became his legislative staff member for that subcommittee. At that time, LA John Baker took over Tulou's MMF issue and committee responsibilities.

Significant topics in this series include Oil Spills and Pollution, Ocean Dumping and Ocean Incineration, and the Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA), or Superfund, as it was more commonly known. Legislation to address ocean dumping, known formally as the Marine Protection, Research and Sanctuaries Act (MPRSA), was a major issue during Carper's first term in Congress in 1983. The Oceanography and Fisheries and Wildlife Conservation and the Environment Subcommittee, of which Carper was a member, worked on this legislation. Carper introduced two bills pertaining to MPRSA in November of 1983: H.R. 4491, a bill to impose a user fee to cover processing costs of ocean dumping permits, and H.R. 4492, a bill to prohibit dumping of sewage sludge into the ocean. Delaware, with its extensive ocean coastline, opposed ocean dumping of harmful wastes which could eventually wash up on the Delaware beaches -- major tourist attractions and sources of revenue for many Delawareans.

The crux of the Ocean Incineration predicament centered around the New York Bight dumping area and New York City's unwillingness to stop ocean dumping of waste altogether. Carper and other members of Congress advocated complete cessation of dumping, a position mandated with a 1981 deadline from the MPRSA amendment. New York City was successful in obtaining several extensions, arguing that it would be too costly for them to switch to land-based dumping or incineration methods. The Bight, a recreational and fishing area twelve miles off the shore of New York State in the Atlantic Ocean, had been used as a dumping site since 1924. An alternate site in use since the 1930s, 106 miles off the coast of New Jersey and Delaware, was proposed in lieu of dumping at the Bight area. Termination dates for dumping at the twelve-mile Bight site as far back as 1983 had been set, but during each successive Congress these dates were pushed back as New York City was continually granted extensions. The city argued that alternative means of getting rid of waste, including building waste water treatment plants or spreading land sludge would be expensive and put an unnecessary financial burden on the citizens of New York City. The 106-mile site was no better alternative to Carper. New Jersey had contended with waste washing up on its shores for several years, prompting beach closings in the 1980s, and Carper did not want this to become a reality for Delaware beaches. In addition, Carper cited Philadelphia's success at ending ocean dumping as further example of a large city's ability to find alternative disposal methods.

Oil incineration and ocean dumping are two closely related topics but the staff maintained very separate and extensive files on each of these topics. Oil spill files contain hearings, legislation, speeches, clippings, and research documents concerning oil spills in the Delaware River. They have been put in chronological order. This issue fell under the jurisdiction of both of Carper's subcommittees, Coast Guard and Navigation, and Fisheries and Wildlife Conservation and the Environment. The former committee addressed clean up and response to spills, and the latter environmental concerns and crises caused by spills.

Information on the Grand Eagle, Exxon-Valdez and Presidente Rivera 1989 spills is included in this series. These oil spills prompted passage of bills that specified which parties should be responsible for the clean up of oil spills and advocated double hulling of ships. Even though one of the subcommittees on which Carper served might have had jurisdiction over part of legislation concerning these larger issues, since the final reports came directly from the MMF Committee, they have been filed under the general files of the MMF series.

In the 99th Congress (1985), Carper was appointed to the Congressional Task Force on Toxic Emergencies, partially in response to oil pollution liability issues. This appointment and Carper's activities are documented in the files relating to Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA), or the more common name, Superfund, which are located in Series I.C.11. Issue Files -- Energy and the Environment.

The Waste Reduction Clearinghouse Act of 1987 was a bill sponsored by Congressman Carper and Senator Joseph P. Biden, Jr.. The bill's purpose was to facilitate exchange of information on technologies to reduce hazardous waste via the establishment of a Waste Reduction Clearinghouse. Other significant file groups include weakfish legislation, which Carper introduced in 1992. Providing for the conservation and management of weakfish, Carper's H.R. 288 was modeled after earlier bills on striped bass conservation and management along the Atlantic coastline. Other important issues for Delaware included wetlands, fisheries management, and Delaware estuaries and bays. More information on these issues can be found in Series I.D. Regional Issues Files.

As a member of the Coast Guard and Navigation Subcommittee, Carper worked on issues such as user fees for recreational boaters, oil spill response team clean-up responsibility, oil spill liability, and commercial fishing industry vessel safety. The Coast Guard was part of both the Department of Transportation and Department of Defense during wartime, and Carper believed that it should be funded to the fullest extent possible, but not at the expense of increasing the nation's deficit.

In 1995, the Merchant Marine and Fisheries Committee was absorbed into the Committee on Resources. The Coast Guard is now under the jurisdiction of the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure.


Arranged by general Merchant Marine and Fisheries (MMF) Committee topics, followed by issues dealt with in the two subcommittees: Coast Guard and Navigation, and Fisheries and Wildlife Conservation and the Environment. Arranged alphabetically by topic and chronologically within. Most files were arranged in reverse chronological order and this original filing order has been preserved. Issues that consist of extensive groups of files, such as Oil Spills and Pollution, Ocean Dumping, and Ocean Incineration have been maintained as separate groups within the series. Issues that fell under jurisdiction of both of Carper's subcommittees, such as Oil Spill and Ocean Dumping legislation, are listed under the general committee issues.

Physical Description

6.5 linear foot

Coastal States Organization, 1985.
Box 21 Folder F1
Commercial Fishing Vessel Safety--Hearing, 7/30/91.
Box 21 Folder F2
Correspondence--Nomination Request, Ed Welch, 1992.
Box 21 Folder F3
Driftnets, 1990-1991.
Box 21 Folder F4
Act and Amendments, 1987.
Box 21 Folder F5
Amendments, 1992.
Box 21 Folder F6
Amendments, 1992.
Box 21 Folder F7
Reports, 1992.
Box 21 Folder F8
Extension of Labor Laws to Foreign Flagged Ships, 1991.
Box 21 Folder F9
Hearing: Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) 5-yr Plan, 1991.
Box 21 Folder F10
Maritime Reform--H.R. 5841, 1992.
Box 21 Folder F11
Maritime Reform--H.R. 5627, 1992.
Box 21 Folder F12
Plastic Pollution in Oceans--H.R. 940, 1987.
Box 21 Folder F13
Shipbuilding Trade Reform Act, 1992 .
Box 21 Folder F14
Life International/H.R. 2832 Amendment to Pl 97-360 (Prevent Scrapping of WWII Ships), 1991.
Box 21 Folder F15
Maritime Services Exclusion from General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), 1988-1989.
Box 21 Folder F16
Marine Mariners Fairness Act--H.R. 44, 1992.
Box 21 Folder F17
Merchant Marine Act/Miller Bill--H.R. 1307, 1991.
Box 21 Folder F18
Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) Oil & Gas Exploration, 1990.
Box 21 Folder F19
Advisory Commission on Conferences in Ocean Shipping, 1992.
Box 21 Folder F20
Federal Conservation & Management of Marine Fisheries in the U.S., 1991.
Box 21 Folder F21
Fish Kills in Coastal Waters--U.S. Department of Commerce/National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), 1980-1989.
Box 21 Folder F22
Fisheries of the U.S. Department of Commerce, 1992.
Box 21 Folder F23
Historical Catch Statistics 1879-1989, U.S. Department of Commerce/NOAA/National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), ca. 1991.
Box 21 Folder F24
Status of Fishery Resources off the Northeastern U.S., 1991.
Box 21 Folder F25
Swordfish Management, 1989.
Box 21 Folder F26
Territorial Sea--Contiguous Zone Bill, 1992.
Box 21 Folder F27
Waste Reduction Clearinghouse Act of 1987, 1987.
Box 21 Folder F28
Weakfish Legislation and Clippings, 1992.
Box 21 Folder F29
Weakfish/Trout Legislation, 1984-1991.
Box 21 Folder F30
Assessment of Status of Atlantic Weakfish Stock, Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission (ASMFC), August, 1991, 1982-1988.
Box 21 Folder F31
Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission, Fishery Management Plan for Weakfish, 1985 Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission (ASMFC).
Box 21 Folder F32
Weakfish Fishery Management Plan Amendment #1, Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commision (ASMFC), 1992.
Box 21 Folder F33
Background--Binder of Information, 1983.
Box 21 Folder F34
Background, 1983.
Box 21 Folder F35
Background, 1983.
Box 21 Folder F36
Boston Proposed Dumping, 1985.
Box 21 Folder F37
Clean Water Bill--H.R. 3282--Carper Amendments and Statements, 1984.
Box 21 Folder F38
Correspondence, 1983-1984.
Box 21 Folder F39
Dear Colleague, 1983.
Box 22 Folder F40
Draft Regulations-Ocean, 1984 (Revision).
Box 22 Folder F41
Draft Regulations-Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), 1984 (Revision).
Box 22 Folder F42
EPA Closure of Twelve-Mile Site, 1988.
Box 22 Folder F43
EPA Public Hearing Notice, 1983.
Box 22 Folder F44
Hearing, February 23, 1988.
Box 22 Folder F45
Hearing--Notes, 5/25/1983.
Box 22 Folder F46
History, 1983.
Box 22 Folder F47
Legislation--Marine Protection, Research and Sanctuaries Act (MPRSA), A Bill to Amend H.R. 4829, 1984.
Box 22 Folder F48
MPRSA Amendments--Ocean Dumping Amendments Act of 1985, H.R. 1957.
Box 22 Folder F49
MPRSA Amendments, H.R. 562, 1987.
Box 22 Folder F50
Ocean Dumping Fee Provision, 1987.
Box 22 Folder F51
MPRSA Amendment--Special Fees--H.R. 4338, 1988.
Box 22 Folder F52
MPRSA Reauthorization Act, H.R. 1761, Carper Amendment, [1983].
Box 22 Folder F53
MPRSA Amendment--Sewage Sludge Amount--H.R. 4492, 1983-1984.
Box 22 Folder F54
Special Fee on Disposal of Municipal Sludge--H.R.4075, 1988.
Box 22 Folder F55
Establish User Fee Documentation--H.R. 4491, 1983.
Box 22 Folder F56
Medical Waste Issue, 1987-1989.
Box 22 Folder F57
News Article Clippings, 1971-1983.
Box 22 Folder F58
Notes/ Discussions, 1984.
Box 22 Folder F59
Ocean Dumping Ban, Conference Report--S. 2030, 1988.
Box 22 Folder F60
106-Mile Site Designation, 1984.
Box 22 Folder F61
Published Hearings: MPRSA, New York Bight, Fees, 1982-1985.
Box 22 Folder F62
Rehoboth Public Hearing, 1983.
Box 22 Folder F63
Sludge, 1983.
Box 22 Folder F64
Statements--TC, 1983-1985.
Box 22 Folder F65
Agency Correspondence, 1981-1984.
Box 22 Folder F66
Articles, 1983-1986.
Box 22 Folder F67
Background/General Information, 1983-1985.
Box 22 Folder F68
Background Information, 1987-1988.
Box 22 Folder F69
Chronology of Tom Carper's Activities, 1983-1986.
Box 22 Folder F70
Comments in EPA Regulation, Delaware Congressmen, 1985.
Box 22 Folder F71
Congressional Hearing of Ocean Incineration of Hazardous Wastes, 1984.
Box 22 Folder F72
Correspondence, 1983-1986.
Box 22 Folder F73
Correspondence/Articles, 1983-1985.
Box 22 Folder F74
Delaware Stance on Ocean Incineration, 1985.
Box 22 Folder F75
Draft EPA at Sea Research, 1984.
Box 22 Folder F76
Dupont Concerns, 1984-1987.
Box 22 Folder F77
MPRSA Permit (Incineration at Sea), 1985.
Box 22 Folder F78
EPA News Release Burn Permit Denial, 1985.
Box 22 Folder F79
EPA News Releases, 1988-1991.
Box 22 Folder F80
EPA Ocean Dumping Permit Program, 1985.
Box 22 Folder F81
Greenpeace, 1983-1984.
Box 22 Folder F82
Hearing: Incineration of Hazardous Waste at Sea, H.R.1295, 1985.
Box 23 Folder F83
Meeting/Report: Hazardous Wastes & Env. Emergencies, Houston, TX, March 12-14, 1984.
Box 23 Folder F84
Meeting Minutes, U.S. EPA, June 5-6, 1984.
Box 23 Folder F85
Meeting Minutes, U.S. EPA, October 6-7, 1986.
Box 23 Folder F86
Public Comments on Proposed Ocean Incineration Regulation, September, 1985.
Box 23 Folder F87
Press Clippings, 1983-1986.
Box 23 Folder F88
Assessment of Risk, 1986.
Box 23 Folder F89
Chemical Waste Management Inc.: Contingency Plan for Ocean Incineration Operations of Vulcanus I&II, 1985.
Box 23 Folder F90
EPA--Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) Final, 1981.
Box 23 Folder F91
EPA--Ocean Incineration Background & Status Plan, Final, August 1987.
Box 23 Folder F92
Engineering Computer Optechnomics Inc.: Analysis of Commodity Flows in Delaware Bay & River, April, 1986.
Box 23 Folder F93
EPA-EIS for North Atlantic Site Designation Final, 1981.
Box 23 Folder F94
EPA--Incineration as Treatment for Liquid Hazardous Wastes Summary & Conclusions, 1985.
Box 23 Folder F95
EPA--Site Specific Info on North Atlantic Incineration Site, 1986.
Box 23 Folder F96
EPA--Reports and Assessment of Potential Synergistic Effects, 1986.
Box 23 Folder F97
EWK Consultant: Ocean Incineration of Hazardous Waste: Critique, April, 1983.
Box 23 Folder F98
ICF Technology: Potential Effect on DE River/ Estuary from Hypothetical Spill From Vulcanus II, December, 1985.
Box 23 Folder F99
ICF Technology: Profile of Human Health & Aquatic Toxicity, December, 1985.
Box 23 Folder F100
Giecen, WJ & H. Compaan: Monitoring of Combustion Efficiency on Certification Voyage- Vulcanus II, January, 1983.
Box 23 Folder F101
Office of Technology Assessment: Ocean Incineration: It's Role in Managing Hazardous Waste, August, 1986.
Box 23 Folder F102
Seaburn Inc., Correspondence, 1983-1984.
Box 23 Folder F103
Special Ocean Incineration Permit Issuance, April, 1984.
Box 23 Folder F104
Staff Notes, 1983-1986.
Box 23 Folder F105
Statements by Tom Carper, 1983-1985.
Box 23 Folder F106
Statement by Tom Carper, Hearing, December, 1985.
Box 23 Folder F107
Statement by TC, Public Hearing, Wilmington, DE, Jan. 21, 1986.
Box 23 Folder F108
Statement--Biden, Ocean City, 1983.
Box 23 Folder F109
Task Force on Emergencies, 1986.
Box 23 Folder F110
Technical Discussion: Incineration at Sea, November, 1984.
Box 23 Folder F111
TRW Inc.--Incineration Ships, April, 1983.
Box 23 Folder F112
TRW Inc.--Incineration Ships, June, 1983.
Box 23 Folder F113
TRW Inc., Rules for Oceanic Incineration of Hazardous Chemicals, April 1983.
Box 23 Folder F114
Waterfront Corruption, Findings, Conclusions and Recommendations, March 1984.
Box 23 Folder F115
Workshop Agenda, Remarks--Committee on Waste Disposal Meeting, April, 1984.
Box 23 Folder F116
Cargo Owner Financial Responsibility, 1990.
Box 23 Folder F117
Carper Amendment to H.R. 1465/Supporting Documentation, 1989.
Box 23 Folder F118
Carper Statements, 1984-1986.
Box 23 Folder F119
Conference Agenda, H.R. 1465, July, 1990.
Box 23 Folder F120
Conferences/Conferees, H.R. 1465--Notes/Correspondence, 1990.
Box 23 Folder F121
Correspondence to Tom Carper, 1990.
Box 24 Folder F122
Correspondence -- Professor Sylves, University of Delaware, 1990.
Box 24 Folder F123
Double Hulls/Maritrans, 1989-1990.
Box 24 Folder F124
Double Hulls/Double Bottoms, WRR/Reports, 1989-1990.
Box 24 Folder F125
Exxon Valdez Spill--Compilation of November 1989 Citizens Hearings, 1989.
Box 24 Folder F126
Exxon Valdez--Settlement Hearing, March 20, 1991.
Box 24 Folder F127
Houston Conference: Oil and Gas Environmental Regulation, 1988.
Box 24 Folder F128
International Protocols, 1990.
Box 24 Folder F129
Oil Pollution Act--Amendments, Correspondence, Articles, other Documents, 1989-1990.
Box 24 Folder F130
Oil Pollution Act of 1989--H.R. 1465, 1989.
Box 24 Folder F131
Oil Pollution Act of 1989--H.R. 3394, 1989.
Box 24 Folder F132
Oil Pollution Liability-Compensation Act of 1989 (to accompany H.R. 1465).
Box 24 Folder F133
Oil Pollution Liability-Compensation Act of 1989 (to accompany H.R. 1465).
Box 24 Folder F134
Oil Pollution Liability and Compensation--Statement of Managers, 1990.
Box 24 Folder F135
Report: After the Exxon Valdez Spill: Oil Pollution Liability and Compensation Legislation (CRS), 4/24/1989.
Box 24 Folder F136
Side-by-Side Comparison, H.R. 1465/S. 686, 1990.
Box 24 Folder F137
Studds Amendment to H.R. 1465, 1990.
Box 24 Folder F138
Liability--Barge Company Concerns, 1990.
Box 24 Folder F139
Near Coastal Waters Initiative, 1988.
Box 24 Folder F140
Position Papers, Various Organizations, 1990.
Box 24 Folder F141
Preparation Response--Delaware/Pennsylvania, 1990.
Box 24 Folder F142
Coping with an Oiled Sea: An Analysis of Oil Spill Response Techniques, OTA, 1990.
Box 24 Folder F143
No Safe Harbor: Tanker Safety in America's Ports, 1990 .
Box 24 Folder F144
Oil Pollution Act of 1990, Conference Report.
Box 24 Folder F145
Oil Pollution Liability and Compensation, 1985.
Box 24 Folder F146
Grand Eagle, September 28, 1985.
Box 24 Folder F147
Grand Eagle Incident, 1985-1986.
Box 24 Folder F148
Presidente Rivera, 1989.
Box 24 Folder F149
Statistics--De., 1990.
Box 24 Folder F150
Briefing Book, 1991.
Box 24 Folder F151
Budget, 1991.
Box 24 Folder F152
Certificates of Financial Responsibility, 1991.
Box 24 Folder F153
Certificates of Financial Responsibility, 1991.
Box 24 Folder F154
Davis-Bacon Amendment-Authorization Fiscal Year 1987, 1986-1987.
Box 24 Folder F155
Hearing: Coast Guard Direct User Fee, February 25, 1992.
Box 24 Folder F156
Enforcement of Fisheries Laws, July 24, 1991.
Box 24 Folder F157
Hearing on H.R. 2919, Groundfish Restoration Hearing, October 2, 1991.
Box 24 Folder F158
Issues, 1991.
Box 25 Folder F159
Merchant Marine Documentation, 1992.
Box 25 Folder F160
Merchant Marine--Veterans, 1987-1988.
Box 25 Folder F161
Coast Guard Non-Emergency Towing, H.R. 4891, 1987-1988.
Box 25 Folder F162
Oil Pollution Act, 1990.
Box 25 Folder F163
OMI Corporation (Oil Transporter), 1991.
Box 25 Folder F164
Panama Canal, 102nd Congress, 1991.
Box 25 Folder F165
Panama File, 1990.
Box 25 Folder F166
Panama--Housing and Urban Programs, 1989.
Box 25 Folder F167
Recreation Boaters Caucus/Re-authorization of Wallop Breaux, 1990.
Box 25 Folder F168
Recreational Boat User Fee, H.R. 543, 1991-1992.
Box 25 Folder F169
Recreational Vessel User Fee--Hearing, 4/24/1991.
Box 25 Folder F170
Response--Strike Teams, 1990.
Box 25 Folder F171
Santa Clara Hearing -- Lost Drums of Arsenic, 1992.
Box 25 Folder F172
Santa Clara Hearing -- Lost Drums of Arsenic, 1992 (Photos).
Box 25 Folder F173
Sea Based Aerostat Program, 1991.
Box 25 Folder F174
Spill Authority, 1991.
Box 25 Folder F175
Spill Clean-up: Response Measures Joint Oceanography:CG, 6/18/1991.
Box 25 Folder F176
Alyeska Controversy, 1991.
Box 24 Folder F177
ANWR Background, 1986-1987.
Box 25 Folder F178
Biographies, 1991.
Box 25 Folder F179
Effects of Drilling in Alaska, 1991-1992.
Box 25 Folder F180
Hearing--Authorize Oil and Gas Leasing, May 1991 .
Box 25 Folder F181
Hearing--Authorize Oil and Gas Leasing, July, 1991.
Box 25 Folder F182
Hearing--Authorize Petroleum Leasing, June 1991.
Box 25 Folder F183
Legislation, 1991.
Box 25 Folder F184
National Geographic, December 1998.
Box 25 Folder F185
National Fish and Wildlife Enhancement Act, 1991.
Box 25 Folder F186
Oil Production Reports, 1991.
Box 25 Folder F187
Petroleum Development.
Box 25 Folder F188
Porcupine Caribou Herd, 1991.
Box 25 Folder F189
Report: Alaskan Oil Supply, 1991.
Box 26 Folder F190
Report: Costal Plain, 1987.
Box 26 Folder F191
Statement--U.S. Chamber of Commerce, 1991.
Box 26 Folder F192
Tom Carper's Role, 1988.
Box 26 Folder F193
World Energy Update, 1991-1992.
Box 26 Folder F194
Atlantic Coastal Fishery Management Improvement Act, H.R. 5136, 1992.
Box 26 Folder F195
Biological Diversity Act, 1991.
Box 26 Folder F196
Biological Diversity Act Articles, 1991.
Box 26 Folder F197
Coastal Defense Initiative, 1989.
Box 26 Folder F198
Coastal Defense Initiative of 1990, 101st/102nd Congress, H.R.2647.
Box 26 Folder F199
Contaminated Sediments - Hearing, 1991.
Box 26 Folder F200
Exotic Birds, 1991.
Box 26 Folder F201
Exotic Birds, 1991.
Box 26 Folder F202
Highly Migratory Species- Hearing, 1992.
Box 26 Folder F203
Highly Migratory Species - Management, 1991.
Box 26 Folder F204
Interjurisdictional Fisheries, 1992.
Box 26 Folder F205
Interjurisdictional Fisheries - Management, 1992.
Box 26 Folder F206
Capture, Export and Public Display Protection Act, 1992, H.R.5682.
Box 26 Folder F207
Dolphin Die-Off Study, 1987-1989.
Box 26 Folder F208
Scope and Contents

(Includes report by J.R. Geraci: Clinical Investigation of 1987-1988 Mass mortality of Bottlenose Dolphins along the U.S. Central and South Atlantic Coast, April 1989)

--Concepts, Notes, Bill Text, 1991-1992.
Box 26 Folder F209
--Bill Drafts, Amendments, Statements, 1991-1992.
Box 26 Folder F210
--Correspondence, 1990-1991.
Box 26 Folder F211
Hearings-Mass Mortality in Bottlenose Dolphins in 1987-1988, May 1989.
Box 26 Folder F212
Various Articles, 1989-1992.
Box 26 Folder F213
National Wildlife Refuge, System Act Amendment, 1987-1990.
Box 26 Folder F214
National Wildlife Refuge, System Act/Hunter Protection Bill, 1990-1992.
Box 26 Folder F215
Oysters, 1986-1989.
Box 26 Folder F216
Seafood Safety Hearing, 5/15/1991.
Box 26 Folder F217
Seafood Safety, 1991-1992.
Box 26 Folder F218
Striped Bass Legislation, H.R. 2357, 1990.
Box 26 Folder F219
Striped Bass Legislation, Hearing, May 1991.
Box 26 Folder F220
Turtle Excluder Devices (TEDs), 1987-1990.
Box 27 Folder F221
Wallop Breaux, 1985.
Box 27 Folder F222
Briefing Book, 1991.
Box 27 Folder F223
Conservation--Management Act of 1991, Gen'l Info., H.R.1330, 1991.
Box 27 Folder F224
GAO Report: Wetlands Overview, November 1991.
Box 27 Folder F225
General Information/Correspondence, 1992.
Box 27 Folder F226
General Information/Correspondence, 1990-1991.
Box 27 Folder F227
Hearing: Wetlands in Public Works Projects, March 1991.
Box 27 Folder F228
Hearing: Wetlands Conservation, October 1991.
Box 27 Folder F229
Hearing: Wetlands Conservation, October 1991.
Box 27 Folder F230
Hearing: Wetlands Conservation, November 1991.
Box 27 Folder F231
Hearing: Takings, Compensation and Regulation, May 1992.
Box 27 Folder F232
Manual Delineation, 1992.
Box 27 Folder F233
EPA Report- Proposed Revisions to Federal Manual for Delineating Wetlands, August 1991.
Box 27 Folder F234
RAMSAR, 1990.
Box 27 Folder F235
U.S. Department of Interior/U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service: Wetlands, 1990-1991.
Box 27 Folder F236
Scope and Contents

Correspondence, clippings, legislation, reports, testimonies, notes, memoranda, articles, CRS reports, DSG publications.

Series I.C. Issues Files comprises the majority of the Thomas R. Carper Papers. The files span Carper's career as Delaware's member-at-large in the U.S. House of Representatives, 1983-1992. The files highlight the issues of the times and the corresponding legislation which Carper considered during his terms in Congress. These files are rich, both in their reflection of Carper's own thoughts and the work of his staff. The series reflects the day-to-day work of a member of Congress and illustrates the important role of legislative assistants (LAs) in a congressional office. With developed expertise in assigned subject areas, LAs collected, analyzed, and supplied the Congressman with information used throughout the daily performance of his duties, from legislative action and committee work, to response to constituent concerns. Handwritten memoranda, and drafts of speeches and letters throughout the papers are evidence of Carper's direct actions and personal thoughts.

Much of the correspondence in these files is from organizations and associations that would be affected by pending legislation. Carper's replies are often carefully worded and non-committal when legislation is being deliberated. Since his stance on issues is not always evident, the Series I.G. Voting Records is useful for revealing how Carper ultimately voted on issues.

Many of the files in this series contain Democratic Study Group (DSG) Fact Sheets, DSG Daily and Legislative Reports, Congressional Research Service (CRS) Reports, and Whip Issue Papers. These useful reference tools clarify the issues, background, and the arguments of various pieces of legislation. The DSG reports are non-partisan summaries of the issue, and are especially enlightening. (See also Series I.H. Publications for a more complete description of DSG reports.) Many of the DSG reports have been annotated by staff, sometimes specifying how Carper should or did vote on specific bills. The DSG publications also list daily legislative schedules for the House, including summaries of bills coming before the House, and anticipated amendments.


Twenty-two subseries, arranged alphabetically by issue title.

Physical Description

23 linear foot

Scope and Contents

Legislation, news clippings, correspondence, memoranda, publications, reports, and research materials.

Although agriculture is a prominent industry in Delaware, the collection has very few files relating to this subject. Those included in this series cover topics such as migrant farm workers, use and manufacture of pesticides, crops, and other farm-related legislation. The files contain materials pertinent to Carper's agricultural constituents: farmers, agricultural product dealers, or scientists involved in research. Of note is the documentation on the Beneficial Insects Introduction Research Laboratory in Newark, Delaware. The lab, as part of the United States Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Agricultural Research Service, studied alternative methods to pesticides for use in preventing crop damage by insects. This research is known as biological control and integrated pest management. The laboratory researched and imported beneficial insects to feed off of the harmful bugs that destroyed crops. The Delaware lab was one of several in the United States. Both Carper and Senator Bill Roth, Jr., wrote to the Secretary of Agriculture in support of the laboratory and asked for federal funding. Unfortunately, funding for the lab was not included in the Department of Agriculture's FY 1993 budget that was passed by Congress.


Alphabetically by topic.

Physical Description

1 linear foot

Agricultural Exports, 1985.
Box 27 Folder F1
Appropriations, 1988-1989.
Box 27 Folder F2
Agriculture Stabilization & Conservation Service/Delaware, 1985-1987.
Box 27 Folder F3
Aquaculture (fish), 1992.
Box 27 Folder F4
Beneficial Insects Introductory Research Lab, Newark, DE--Biological Control Research, 1990-1992.
Box 27 Folder F5
Briefing Material, 1984-1988.
Box 27 Folder F6
Caucus List, 1987.
Box 27 Folder F7
Crop Insurance, 1988.
Box 27 Folder F8
Cryolite Exemption (Pesticide to Control Potato Beetles in Del.), 1991-1992.
Box 27 Folder F9
Dairy, 102nd Congress, 1990-1992.
Box 27 Folder F10
Drought, 1989.
Box 27 Folder F11
Farm Bill, 1985.
Box 27 Folder F12
Farm Bill: Food & Agricultural Resources Act, H.R. 3950, 1990.
Box 27 Folder F13
Federal Crop Insurance Program -- Reorganization/Closing of Del. Office, 1991.
Box 27 Folder F14
General Issues of Concern to Agriculture, 1988-1992.
Box 27 Folder F15
Grazing on Federal Lands, 1991.
Box 27 Folder F16
Herbicides: Use of Dinoseb/ Pursuit, 1987-1988.
Box 27 Folder F17
Irrigation Subsidies for Surplus Crops, 1986-1987.
Box 27 Folder F18
Migrant Farm Workers, 1991.
Box 27 Folder F19
Dealer Legislative Conference, July 31- Aug 1, 1991.
Box 27 Folder F20
Dealer Legislative Conference, July 28-29, 1992.
Box 27 Folder F21
Circle of Poison Prevention Act of 1991, H.R. 2083 and other legislation, 1990-1992.
Box 27 Folder F22
Legislation/General Information, 1990-1991.
Box 27 Folder F23
Professional Lawn Care Association of America (PLCAA), 1992.
Box 28 Folder F24
Safety Improvement Act, H.R. 3742, 1991-1992.
Box 28 Folder F25
Safety Improvement Act, Hearing Materials - Reports, 1991.
Box 28 Folder F26
Safety Legislation, Correspondence & Publications, 1991-1992.
Box 28 Folder F27
Potatoes -- Industry Concerns, 1986-1988.
Box 28 Folder F28
Poultry -- Delmarva Poultry Industry, 1991-1992.
Box 28 Folder F29
Poultry -- General, 1987-1989.
Box 28 Folder F30
Soybeans -- Grower Concerns, 1986-1990.
Box 28 Folder F31
Statistics -- Commodities, 1988-1990.
Box 28 Folder F32
Subsidies Speech (Carper), July 31, 1987.
Box 28 Folder F33
Tobacco, 1985-1988.
Box 28 Folder F34
Scope and Contents

Correspondence, memoranda, meeting notes, floor statements, testimonies, news clippings, and reports.

The majority of the Amtrak files deal with conflicts between upper management and railroad worker unions over the four year period of 1988-1992. Major matters in the disputes involved wages, health and welfare issues, and possible changes to work environment regulations. Due to Wilmington's position as a major repair yard and travel station along the "northeast corridor" for railroad travel and movement of goods, Congressman Carper maintained a strong interest in resolutions benefiting both Amtrak and labor. As a result, the files contain a significant body of literature pertaining to this topic, and deal with it on the local, state, and national levels.

Amtrak negotiated labor contracts with over twenty unions. For instance, management negotiated separately with the on-board service employees, the yardmasters, the station masters and the machinists. This method is well documented within the files, and provides insight into the complex nature of a system where twenty-plus different unions must be addressed.

Also included in the Amtrak files are letters and information regarding the possibility of 1992 layoffs of Amtrak workers in Wilmington, and Carper's efforts to save those jobs. The issue was unresolved in 1993 when Carper left his congressional office.


Alphabetically by topic and chronologically within. Most file contents were maintained in reverse chronological order and this placement has been retained.

Physical Description

.75 linear foot

Amtrak Safety, Training, and Employee Morale, 1991.
Box 28 Folder F35
City of Wilmington Aquisition of Amtrak Property, 1992.
Box 28 Folder F36
Box 28 Folder F37
Box 28 Folder F38
Box 28 Folder F39
Box 28 Folder F40
Box 28 Folder F41
Box 28 Folder F42
Box 28 Folder F43
Letters, 1988-1992.
Box 28 Folder F44
Box 28 Folder F45
Box 28 Folder F46
Report: Limited Income from the Revenue Enhancement Program, 1990.
Box 28 Folder F47
Scope and Contents

Correspondence, bulletins, reports, news clippings, testimonies.

The Animal Welfare files focus primarily on issues involving the use of animals in laboratory and biomedical research. Other phenomena touched upon include inhumane trapping of animals, canned hunts, and the contrasting philosophies of animal protection and animal control.

Documentation of the 1989 Silver Spring Monkey case, probably one of the more infamous cases involving use of animals in lab research, is contained in the files. In this case, monkeys at a lab in Silver Spring, Maryland, were used for spinal cord and stroke injury research by having nerves severed in their limbs. They were then observed to see if and how they would be able to regain use of the limbs. News of the experiment generated public outcry and the lab was closed. The monkeys were shipped to labs in Louisiana and Texas, where some of them ultimately died. People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) was actively involved in prosecution of the scientists in this case. There are conflicting reports about the role of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in this case, and the care given by the labs where the monkeys were sent. Many articles and editorials illustrate the notoriety of the incident at the time.


Arranged alphabetically by subject.

Physical Description

.25 linear foot

Box 28 Folder F48
National Association for Biomedical Research Bulletins, 1991-1992.
Box 28 Folder F49
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS)/USDA, 1991-1992.
Box 28 Folder F50
Animal Protection, 1988-1990.
Box 28 Folder F51
Animal Welfare Groups, 1992.
Box 28 Folder F52
Animal Welfare Protection Act, 1989.
Box 28 Folder F53
Legislation - 102nd Congress, 1991-1992.
Box 28 Folder F54
Organizations and Issues (Non-Medical), 1992.
Box 28 Folder F55
Silver Spring Monkeys, 1989.
Box 28 Folder F56
Scope and Contents

Correspondence, notes, floor statements, fact sheets, testimonies, news clippings, memoranda, and published reports.

Although limited in size and representing only the last term of Carper's years in the House, the Appropriations files provide a unique understanding of the work that goes into distribution of public funds. Many of the steps involved in this annual legislative exercise are represented in this series. The dissension that frequently occurs over how much money should go where is well documented through correspondence, op-ed articles, and research files. Topics include the following: Agricultural Domestic Food programs, Commerce, Justice and Judiciary, District of Columbia, Interior, Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program, Treasury, and the Postal Service.


Alphabetically by topic and chronologically within.

Physical Description

.25 linear foot

Agriculture Domestic Food Programs, Fiscal Year 1993, 1992.
Box 28 Folder F57
Commerce, Justice State, Judiciary, 1992.
Box 28 Folder F58
District of Columbia, 1992.
Box 28 Folder F59
Interior Appropriations, 1992.
Box 28 Folder F60
Labor, HHS, Education, 1991-1992.
Box 29 Folder F61
Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program, 1992.
Box 29 Folder F62
Treasury/Postal, 1990-1992.
Box 29 Folder F63
Scope and Contents

News clippings, notes, correspondence, memoranda, publications, reports, and other printed materials.

This series details issues and legislation relating to children during Carper's tenure in Congress, with the bulk of the material from 1988-1992. Issues represented include infant mortality, international family planning, adoption, and, to a lesser extent, pornography, child labor, and international efforts on behalf of children. Major child care legislation includes the Child Care Act of 1987; the Child Care Services Improvement Act of 1988, a component of which would provide dependent tax care credits for working parents; and Early Childhood Education and Development (H.R. 3). Although Carper did not write any legislation in this series, he took an interest in the welfare of children and was an advocate of early childhood education.


Arranged alphabetically by subject. A subseries of Child Care Bills details components of various child care legislation.

Physical Description

1.5 linear foot

Administration for Children, Youth and Families - Proposed Organization, 1988.
Box 29 Folder F64
Adoption -- Issues and Legislation, 1985-1992.
Box 29 Folder F65
Bills/Letters TC Signed, 1992.
Box 29 Folder F66
Children's Initiative, H.R. 5600, 1992.
Box 29 Folder F67
General, 1984-1992.
Box 29 Folder F68
National Child Abuse Coalition Briefing Materials, 1992.
Box 29 Folder F69
Act for Better Child Care Services (ABC) Bill - General, 1988.
Box 29 Folder F70
Articles, 1991-1992.
Box 29 Folder F71
Child Care Act of 1987 - Dependent Care Tax Credit (Johnson's Bill).
Box 29 Folder F72
Dependent Tax Care Credit (Sen. Orrin Hatch - Utah/Rep. Nancy Johnson/Conn.).
Box 29 Folder F73
Earned Income Tax Credit/Block Grant/Tax Credit Bill, (Johnson), H.R. 4002, 1988-1989.
Box 29 Folder F74
Comparisons of Major Child Care Proposals, 101st Congress, 1989.
Box 29 Folder F75
H.R. 3/Hawkins Bill, 1989.
Box 29 Folder F76
Church-State Concerns, 1988-1990.
Box 29 Folder F77
Downey's (Rep. Thomas - N.Y.) Proposal, 1988.
Box 29 Folder F78
Final, 1989-1990.
Box 29 Folder F79
Stenholm/Conservative Democratic Forum (CDF) Compromise, 1989.
Box 29 Folder F80
Scope and Contents

(with National Governor's Association amendments)

Summary Comparison as Passed by the House and Senate, May 1990.
Box 29 Folder F81
Early Childhood Education Initiative (Kennedy) - Smart Start, ca. 1989.
Box 29 Folder F82
Earned Income Credits (EIC)/IRS Regulations, 1991-1992.
Box 29 Folder F83
Family Preservation/Mickey Lelund Childhood Hunger Relief Act (H.R. 3603/H.R. 1202), 1992.
Box 29 Folder F84
General Information/Articles, 1987-1989.
Box 29 Folder F85
General Information/Articles, 1990.
Box 29 Folder F86
Holloway Child Care Tax Credit Reform Bill, [1988]-1989.
Box 29 Folder F87
Quality Issues -- Children's Defense Fund, 1990.
Box 29 Folder F88
Child Labor Laws, 1990.
Box 29 Folder F89
Child Support Enforcement, 1991-1992.
Box 29 Folder F90
General Information, 1988-1991.
Box 29 Folder F91
Hearing: Innovative Child Welfare Services Programs, May 1, 1991.
Box 29 Folder F92
Information - Organizations, 1992.
Box 29 Folder F93
Child Welfare League of America--Children's Legislative Agenda, 1991-1992.
Box 29 Folder F94
Childhood Hunger and Nutrition - Legislation and Reports, 1991-1992.
Box 29 Folder F95
Children's Defense Fund -- Various Issues, 1992.
Box 29 Folder F96
Children's Initiative, 99th Congress, 1986.
Box 29 Folder F97
Dear Colleagues, Various Issues, 1991.
Box 29 Folder F98
Delaware Foster Care Review Board, 1989.
Box 29 Folder F99
Handicapped Children Protect Act, S. 415, 1985-1987.
Box 29 Folder F100
Head Start Improvement Act of 1992, 1992.
Box 30 Folder F101
Immunization, Universal Child Immunization Act of 1986, H.R. 3984, 1986.
Box 30 Folder F102
Infant Mortality, 1992.
Box 30 Folder F103
Infant Mortality Reduction Initiative, Delaware - Progress Report, 1988.
Box 30 Folder F104
Infant Mortality Reports, 1985-1989.
Box 30 Folder F105
International Child Welfare - Select Committee on Hunger Paper: Child Heath and Child Survival Issues for The World Summit on Child care, September 1990, New York City.
Box 30 Folder F106
Pornography Legislation/Child Obscenity, 1987-1988.
Box 30 Folder F107
Select Committee on Children, Youth and Families, 102nd Congress, 1991-1992.
Box 30 Folder F107
Sex Education, Guidelines, 1991.
Box 30 Folder F109
UNICEF, 1991.
Box 30 Folder F110
United Nations Convention Children Legislation, 1991.
Box 30 Folder F111
World Summit for Children Implementation Act, H.R. 1633, 1990-1992.
Box 30 Folder F112
Scope and Contents

Legislation, correspondence, news clippings, research materials, reports and publications.

Major legislation in this series includes the Civil Rights Acts of 1990 and 1991. The Civil Rights Acts were intended to strengthen and restore Civil Rights laws established by the 1964 Civil Rights Act. Largely in response to job bias and discrimination practices toward minorities and women, the Civil Rights Acts provided legal remedies for individuals affected by discrimination and made clear what kinds of acts constituted these violations. Also included in this series and related to the Civil Rights Act are files dealing with sexual orientation discrimination and rights, and voting rights. Files relating to the issue of religious freedom are also included in this series. A file on Clarence Thomas's nomination to the Supreme Court and the ensuing hearings regarding his alleged sexual misconduct toward former employee Anita Hill is notable in that it contains the transcript of President George Bush's speech on the public's perception of government after the conclusion of the hearing. (See Appendix E for a list of Supreme Court members.)


Alphabetically by issue

Physical Description

.75 linear foot

1990 Census Reports, 1987-1990.
Box 30 Folder F113
Articles, 1992.
Box 30 Folder F114
Box 30 Folder F115
Box 30 Folder F116
Box 30 Folder F117
Committee Bill, 1991.
Box 30 Folder F118
Race-Norming/General Aptitude Test Battery, 1991.
Box 30 Folder F119
Civil Rights Monitor (publication), 1990-1992.
Box 30 Folder F120
Civil Rights Restoration Act of 1986, 1985-1986.
Box 30 Folder F121
Civil Rights Voting Record - 100th Congress, 1987-1988.
Box 30 Folder F122
Clarence Thomas - Supreme Court Nominee, 1991.
Box 30 Folder F123
Co-Sponsorships, 1992.
Box 30 Folder F124
Constituent Correspondence, 1991.
Box 30 Folder F125
Dear Colleagues, 1992.
Box 30 Folder F126
English Language Amendment (H.R. 123)--Language of Gov't. Act of 1990, 1991.
Box 30 Folder F127
Gay Rights, 1992.
Box 30 Folder F128
Human Rights - Lesbian and Gay Hate Crime/H.R. 3193--Hate Crime Statistics Act, 1987.
Box 30 Folder F129
Issues for the 101st Congress, 1989.
Box 30 Folder F130
NAACP Legislative Agenda, 1991.
Box 30 Folder F131
Pay Equity, 1992.
Box 30 Folder F132
Religious Freedom Legislation, 1991-1992.
Box 30 Folder F133
Religious Freedom Restoration Act, 1992.
Box 30 Folder F134
Voting Rights Extension Act of 1992 (H.R. 5236), 1992.
Box 30 Folder F135
Voting Rights--Issues and Legislation, 1992.
Box 30 Folder F136
Wards Cove Workers Act (H.R. 3748), 1992.
Box 30 Folder F137