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John Wood Hall shipping papers

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Held at: University of Delaware Library Special Collections [Contact Us]181 South College Avenue, Newark, DE 19717-5267

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Delaware Library Special Collections. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Overview and metadata sections

John Wood Hall (1817-1892) was a merchant shipowner and Governor of Delaware.

He was born in Frederica, Kent County, Delaware in 1817. After his father died when he was age nine, Hall lived with his uncle. At age 17 he apprenticed as a clerk at Clement Maston's store for eight months and then worked in Solomon Townsend's store until 1838, both in Frederica. Both men allowed Hall to carry on an independent confectionary business in the store as part of his work. While concurrently working for Townsend, Hall independently purchased the materials necessary to open a cabinetry shop and hired experienced journeymen to make the furniture. However, after turning twenty-one, Hall bought out Townsend and sold the cabinetry shop in order to concentrate on the mercantile business.

Hall specialized in lumber but also dealt in grains, produce, wood, lime, and fertilizer. In order to transport goods, he commissioned the building of a ship in 1838 and added a new ship to his fleet almost every year. The ships carried Hall's goods but also transported other goods. He took a partner, James B. Anderson, in 1861. In 1867, Wood retired and his son, John, took his place.

From 1861 to 1883, Hall served as a state director of Farmer's Bank. He was elected to the state senate in 1866 for a four-year term. He was governor of Delaware from 1878 through 1882.

Hall married Caroline Warren in 1842 and they had four children. He was active in the Methodist Episcopal Church and died in Frederica in 1892.

Bevan, Wilson Lloyd (ed.). History of Delaware Past and Present. Vol IV. New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Company, Inc, 1929. pp. 402-403Scharf, J. Thomas. History of Delaware, 1609-1888. Vol I. Philadelphia: L.J. Richards & Co, 1888. pp. 389-390.

The Hall Papers contain approximately five hundred records from John W. Hall's merchant and shipping businesses, spanning 1860–1880 and 1887–1889. The bulk of the materials cover 1863–1866 and 1871–1879. Hall retired in 1867 and was succeeded by his son John Wood Hall, Jr.

The papers prior to 1871 are primarily receipts for materials purchased by Hall in Philadelphia, presumably for resale in Delaware. Some receipts include notes from merchants about problems with the order or general sales advice. Most receipts were partially pre-printed with the store's name, address, and specialty; and some include lithographs of the store's building. There are also letters from factors reporting sales. There are also some customers' notes about payment for and delivery of goods purchased from Hall. Included in this section are several bills from West River Classical Institute [Maryland?] for the younger Hall's schooling.

After 1871, the records are primarily statements from at least nine different schooners. As owner, Hall received a portion of voyage profits, with the remainder going to the vessel.

The collection will be of interest to those studying Delaware and East Coast shipping, 19th century business practices, and business-related ephemera.

The records are arranged by year.

  1. Boxes 1-3: Shelved in SPEC MSS manuscript boxes

Gift of Mrs. Samuel M. Sloan, 1963.

Processed by Rhonda R. Newton, July 1993. Encoded by Thomas Pulhamus, February 2010.

Publisher
University of Delaware Library Special Collections
Finding Aid Author
University of Delaware Library, Special Collections
Finding Aid Date
2010 February 12
Access Restrictions

The collection is open for research.

Use Restrictions

Use of materials from this collection beyond the exceptions provided for in the Fair Use and Educational Use clauses of the U.S. Copyright Law may violate federal law. Permission to publish or reproduce is required from the copyright holder. Please contact Special Collections Department, University of Delaware Library, https://library.udel.edu/static/purl.php?askspec

Collection Inventory

1860.
Box 1 Folder F1
1861.
Box 1 Folder F2
1862.
Box 1 Folder F3
1863.
Box 1 Folder F4
1863.
Box 1 Folder F5
1864.
Box 1 Folder F6
1864.
Box 1 Folder F7
1864.
Box 1 Folder F8
1865.
Box 1 Folder F9
1866.
Box 1 Folder F10
1867.
Box 1 Folder F11
1868.
Box 1 Folder F12
1869.
Box 1 Folder F13
1870.
Box 1 Folder F14
1871.
Box 2 Folder F15
1872.
Box 2 Folder F16
1873.
Box 2 Folder F17
1874.
Box 2 Folder F18
1875.
Box 2 Folder F19
1876.
Box 3 Folder F20
1877.
Box 3 Folder F21
1878.
Box 3 Folder F22
1879.
Box 3 Folder F23
1880.
Box 3 Folder F24
1887.
Box 3 Folder F25
1888.
Box 3 Folder F26
1889.
Box 3 Folder F27

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