Cours Théoriques de Tissage et de Broderie weaving manual
Held at: University of Delaware Library Special Collections [Contact Us]181 South College Avenue, Newark, DE 19717-5267
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Overview and metadata sections
This volume was created by Léon Roux, who signed his name on the title page with the dates 1902-1903. On page 17 in the second section of Part 1, Roux recorded observations on the properties of silks and wools (“soies et laines”) and noted that the observations were made in Lyon on January 14, 1894. This information suggests that Roux was working in Lyon either before or during the creation of this manuscript.
Bibliographie de l'Empire français, ou Journal général de l'imprimerie et de la librairie. Paris: Cercle de la librairie, 1885.Information derived from the collection.
In this manuscript, entitled “Cours Théoriques de Tissage et de Broderie,” creator Léon Roux described the different methods of weaving and embroidering textiles as well as the patterns one could achieve by employing these techniques. Roux described and provided diagrams of necessary machinery as well as diagrams depicting the warp and weft threads on the loom. He also explained in great detail the methods of reeling, throwing, numbering (i.e. grading the silk by thickness of thread), and dyeing silk.
The volume is divided into four parts. Part 1 consists of two sections, the first on embroidery machines and the creation of various patterns, including leaves, flowers, and stars. In the second section of Part 1, Roux focused on weaving and provided detailed information on the production of silk, including the raising of silkworms and the twisting of thread, as well as diagrams of machinery and definition of various weave structures. He also described the weaving of wool, cotton, linen, hemp, jute, and other fibers. He outlined plans for the construction of a dobby loom towards the end of this section.
In Part 2, Roux focused on the properties and manufacture of various fabrics and furnished detailed diagrams on how to reel thread and set up the loom. This section of the manuscript contains 44 fabric swatches demonstrating the results of various weaving techniques.
In Part 3, Roux provided studies on equipment and the manufacturing process, including information on the Jacquard loom. This section contains numerous diagrams, many of which show how Jacquard cards worked together in the loom to produce patterns. Roux depicted numerous floral patterns in a variety of colors.
In Part 4, Roux briefly described the decomposition of manufactured materials. This section includes one fabric swatch on the second page.
The volume has aubergine marbled board covers with a black leather spine. The spine reads Cours Théoriques De Tissage Et De Broderie/1902-1903/L.R.” in gilt-stamped lettering. The volume has purple marbled endpapers and flyleaves. It contains 414 pages of gridded paper. There are 319 pages written primarily in black ink with occasional color accents. Drawings and diagrams can be found throughout; 95 pages are blank. The volume contains 45 fabric swatches, most of which are located in Part 2.
Item 0184: Shelved in SPEC MSS 0097
Purchase, April 2005
Processed and encoded by Elizabeth Jones-Minsinger, January 2017.
- Jacquard weaving--Handbooks, manuals, etc.--20th century
- Weaving--Handbooks, manuals, etc.--20th century
- University of Delaware Library Special Collections
- Finding Aid Author
- University of Delaware Library, Special Collections
- Finding Aid Date
- 2017 January 11
- Access Restrictions
The collection is open for research.
- Use Restrictions
Use of materials from this collection beyond the exceptions provided for in the Fair Use and Educational Use clauses of the U.S. Copyright Law may violate federal law. Permission to publish or reproduce is required from the copyright holder. Please contact Special Collections, University of Delaware Library, https://library.udel.edu/spec/askspec/