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Analytical herbarium : designed for the use of students and private collectors


Held at: University of Delaware Library Special Collections [Contact Us]181 South College Avenue, Newark, DE 19717-5267

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Delaware Library Special Collections. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Overview and metadata sections

This herbarium was published by D.H. Knowlton & Co. of Farmington, Maine, in 1886, in association with Knowlton, McLeary, & Co. D.H. (David Hunter) Knowlton was born in Farmington in 1844 and began publishing in 1871. In 1881, Knowlton created the firm Knowlton, McLeary, & Co., with his cousin Frank McLeary, which specialized in job printing. Knowlton specialized in the publication of school materials, including the Excelsior series of educational supplies. D.H. Knowlton & Co. also published

Ready Work for the Little People: Containing Suggestive Exercises for the Use of Busy Teachers (1893), Stories from History: Columbus, Washington, and Lincoln (1903), and Theodore Roosevelt Abroad (1910). Knowlton was the secretary of the Maine State Pomological Society in 1904, suggesting his continued interest in botany. D.H. Knowlton died in 1915.

The herbarium was filled with specimens by an unknown person, probably in Farmington, Maine.

Knowlton, D.H., ed. Transactions of the Maine State Pomological Society for the year 1904. Augusta, ME: Kennebec Journal Print, 1905.Leading Businessmen of Lewiston, Augusta, and Vicinity. Boston: Mercantile Publishing Company, 1889.1880 Federal Census (accessed via on August 7, 2017)1900 Federal Census (accessed via on August 7, 2017)1910 Federal Census (accessed via on August 7, 2017) Information derived from the collection.

Analytical Herbarium : Designed for the Use of Students and Private Collectors was published in Farmington, Maine, in 1886 and used to collect botanical samples between May and June 1887.

Although most herbaria were created as unique scrapbooks, this volume was published with dedicated space for botanical specimens and instructions on how to preserve and analyze samples. In the printed introduction, Knowlton observed that the object of the book was to “simplify the analysis of flowers so far as possible, make a record of the analysis, and furnish along with it a neat and convenient herbarium for the preservation of the specimens analyzed. On the left-hand page, the flower is named and analyzed by the collector, while upon the right-hand page, the flower, after having been pressed and dried, is carefully mounted.”

The volume also included space for an index, which an unknown creator filled in with both the common and scientific names of specimens. This person began mounting specimens on the last right-hand page of the volume and worked backwards, according to Knowlton’s instructions. The left-hand analytical pages included spaces to record the specimen’s scientific name, common name, locality, collection date, and information regarding its structure, means of reproduction, and fruit. The user of this book filled out this information for all but the last three specimens. The first page was dated June 1887 and included an orchid found in Farmington, Maine. This user noted that specimens were found in moist meadows, rich hilly woods, wet bogs, rocky ground, and grassy places.

The volume features a three-quarter binding with grey cloth covers and gilt-edged red cloth corners and spine. The word “HERBARIUM.” is gilt-stamped on the front cover and the spine features 7 gold bands. An envelope is pasted into the inside of the front cover which contains several small strips of gummed paper that were used to secure specimens throughout the volume. The title page reads

Analytical Herbarium. Designed for the use of Students and Private Collectors. Farmington, ME.: D.H. Knowlton, Publisher. 1886. The volume contains 60 leaves of unlined wove paper.

Item 0035: Shelved flat in SPEC MSS 0095 manuscript boxes (1 inches)

Purchase, February 2017

Processed and encoded by Elizabeth Jones-Minsinger, August 2017.

University of Delaware Library Special Collections
Finding Aid Author
University of Delaware Library, Special Collections
Finding Aid Date
2017 August 7
Access Restrictions

The collection is open for research.

Use Restrictions

Use of materials from this collection beyond the exceptions provided for in the Fair Use and Educational Use clauses of the U.S. Copyright Law may violate federal law. Permission to publish or reproduce is required from the copyright holder. Please contact Special Collections, University of Delaware Library,

Collection Inventory

Analytical herbarium : designed for the use of students and private collectors, 1886-1887.
Item 0035
Physical Description

1 volume

Print, Suggest