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World War II posters collection

Notifications

Held at: University of Delaware Library Special Collections [Contact Us]181 South College Avenue, Newark, DE 19717-5267

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Delaware Library Special Collections. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Overview and metadata sections

The World War II poster collection consists of 112 posters from the United States, France, and Great Britain and covers the period from 1940-1945. The posters reflect the concerns of a country at war--recruitment; wartime production and labor; scrapping; war bonds and fundraising; patriotic propaganda; and concern over "wartime gossip." The collection is arranged in two series: I. Foreign posters and II. American posters. Within each series, the posters are arranged by issuing body or agency. Series II. American posters, comprises the bulk of the collection.

Languages present in this collection include: English and French. Series I. Foreign posters, addresses concerns present in France and Great Britain between 1940 and 1945, including recruitment; jobs and volunteer positions on the home front; war production; fundraising; patriotic propaganda; and concern over "wartime gossip." The series consists of three French posters, and eleven British posters. Highlights include a poster containing a war protest poem entitled "Monty's Morale"; posters supporting the French Resistance; posters recruiting women as nurses; and a poster encouraging proper flight conduct for Royal Air Force (RAF) pilots.

Series II. American posters, contains posters representing and encouraging support for United States military, civic, and economic initiatives between 1941-1945, including recruitment; wartime production and labor; scrapping; war bonds and fundraising; patriotic propaganda; and concern over "wartime gossip." Highlights of this series include several posters presenting America's diverse range of allies; posters soliciting funds for the China Relief Aid; posters recruiting women into the Women’s' Auxiliary Corps; posters encouraging Native American enlistment; and a poster encouraging adult service as Boy Scout leaders. Items of local and regional interest include several recruitment posters referencing the Coastal Defense Force as well as one US Navy recruitment poster for a location in Philadelphia.

Series I. F1-F8: Shelved in SPEC MSS oversize mapcases

Series II. F1-F19: Sheleved in SPEC MSS oversize mapcases

Removals: Shelved in SPEC MSS oversize boxes (18 inches)

Processed by Lori A. Bridgers, March, 1992. Updated and encoded by Rachel Eskridge and Benjamin Kern, March-April, 2016. Updated by Dustin Frohlich, May, 2016.

Publisher
University of Delaware Library Special Collections
Access Restrictions

Use of materials from this collection beyond the exceptions provided for in the Fair Use and Educational Use clauses of the U.S. Copyright Law may violate federal law. Permission to publish or reproduce isrequired from the copyright holder. Please contact Special Collections Department, University of Delaware Library, https://library.udel.edu/static/purl.php?askspec

Use Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Collection Inventory

Scope and Contents

Series I. Foreign posters, addresses concerns present in France and Great Britain between 1940 and 1945, including recruitment; jobs and volunteer positions on the home front; war production; fundraising; patriotic propaganda; and concern over "wartime gossip." The series consists of three French posters, and eleven British posters. Highlights include a poster containing a war protest poem entitled "Monty's Morale"; posters supporting the French Resistance; posters recruiting women as nurses; and a poster encouraging proper flight conduct for Royal Air Force (RAF) pilots.

Civil Defense Corps, undated. 6 item.
Mapcase C5-A-7 Folder F1
Scope and Contents

Posters recruiting trained nurses for the National Hospital Service Reserve, and men for the auxiliary fire service, special constabulary, and the rescue section.

6 item

Ministry of Labour and National Service, undated. 1 item.
Mapcase C5-A-7 Folder F2
Scope and Contents

Poster advertising paid government training. Illustrations depictpicture wartime production trades.

1 item

National Saving Committee, undated. 1 item.
Mapcase C5-A-7 Folder F3
Scope and Contents

Poster urging populace to purchase savings certificates. Artwork depicts a bombardment balloon.

1 item

Peace Pledge Union, undated. 1 item.
Mapcase C5-A-7 Folder F4
Scope and Contents

Contains "Monty's Morale" - a war protest poem urging membership in the Peace Pledge Union, an organization intent on stopping the war.

1 item

Royal Air Force, undated. 1 item.
Mapcase C5-A-7 Folder F5
Scope and Contents

Poster urging Royal Air Force pilots not to "show off" while flying in and around England.

1 item

Unidentified issuing body, undated. 1 item.
Mapcase Removals Folder F6
Scope and Contents

Poster condemning wartime gossip. Artist: Cyril Kenneth Bird ("Fougasse").

1 item

Unidentified issuing body, 1940, 1944. 2 item.
Mapcase C5-A-7 Folder F7
Scope and Contents

One poster illustrates a speech from General Charles De Gaulle, dated 1940 June 18 (after French surrender), who stated France had “lost the battle but not the war.” Poster is in French. Second poster is in English in support of the French Resistance, dated 1944. Artist R. Louvat.

2 item

Forces Aériennes, 1944. 1 item.
Mapcase C5-A-6 Folder F8
Scope and Contents

French Air Force recruitment poster. Dated 1944. Artist: R. Lovat.

1 item

Scope and Contents

Series II. American posters, contains posters representing and encouraging support for United States military, civic, and economic initiatives between 1941-1945, including recruitment; wartime production and labor; scrapping; war bonds and fundraising; patriotic propaganda; and concern over "wartime gossip." Highlights of this series include several posters presenting America's diverse range of allies; posters soliciting funds for the China Relief Aid; posters recruiting women into the Women’s' Auxiliary Corps; posters encouraging Native American enlistment; and a poster encouraging adult service as Boy Scout leaders. Items of local and regional interest include several recruitment posters referencing the Coastal Defense Force as well as one US Navy recruitment poster for a location in Philadelphia.

Boy Scouts of America, 1942. 1 item.
Mapcase C5-A-7 Folder F1
Scope and Contents

Poster recruiting Boy Scout Troop leaders. Targets men not available for military employment. Poster also depicts Sea Scouts and Cub Scouts. Dated 1942. Artist: Remington Shuyler.

1 item

British and American Ambulance Corp, 1942. 10 item.
Mapcase C5-A-4 Folder F2
Scope and Contents

Posters discouraging wartime gossip, intended for both civilian and military audiences. Noteworthy depictions include images of cartoons, sailors, and prisoners of war. Dated 1942. Artists: O. Soglow, John Falter, Adolph Treidler, Howard Scott, W. Steig, Holm Gren, Holcomb, C.C. Beall, and Steven Dohanos.

10 item

Citizens Committee for the Army and Navy, Inc., undated. 10 item.
Mapcase C5-A-4 Folder F3
Scope and Contents

Posters highlighting the mutual importance of both combat and wartime labor for American victory. Folder contains posters depicting wartime workforce recruitment as well as patriotic propoganda, and also a poster illustrating a quote from William Knudsen encouraging maintained wartime production.

10 item

Citizens Committee for the Army and Navy, Inc., undated. 8 item.
Mapcase C5-A-7 Folder F4
Scope and Contents

Posters highlighting the mutual importance of both combat and wartime labor for American victory. Folder contains posters encouraging wartime production and propaganda posters. Artists: Robert Beede.

8 item

New Jersey Defense Council, undated. 1 item.
Mapcase C5-A-4 Folder F5
Scope and Contents

Poster providesBehavior guidelines in case of an air raid.

1 item

Office of Emergency Management, undated. 7 item.
Mapcase C5-A-6 Folder F6
Scope and Contents

Subjects of posters include the labor force, the combat force, scrapping resources, the and patriotic propaganda. Artist: Jean Carl, Beall.

7 item

Office of Facts and Figures, undated. 7 item.
Mapcase C5-A-6 Folder F7
Scope and Contents

Posters contain stereotypical depictions of the United States' multi-national allies. Nationalities include: Canadian, English, Dutch, Chinese, Ethiopian, Australian, and Russian.

7 item

Office of War Information, undated. 5 item.
Mapcase C5-A-6 Folder F8
Scope and Contents

Patriotic posters referencing a Valley Forge, American military heritage, and national religious sentiments. The posters also celebrate allies of the United States, and memorialize the massacre at Lidice, Czechoslovakia.

5 item

Pennsylvania Railroad, 1943, undated. 3 item.
Mapcase C5-A-6 Folder F9
Scope and Contents

Posters advertising value of trains as transportation and encouraging the populace to invest in war bonds and stamps.

3 item

Seagrams Distilling Corporation, undated. 3 item.
Mapcase C5-A-7 Folder F10
Scope and Contents

Posters discouraging wartime gossip.

3 item

Treasury Department, 1942-1945. 7 item.
Mapcase C5-A-6 Folder F11
Scope and Contents

Posters reference the Fourth and the Seventh Liberty Loans and target Native American and females as audiences. Many posters reproduced original World War I Liberty Loan posters.

7 item

United Charities Campaign, undated. 1 item.
Mapcase C5-A-4 Folder F12
Scope and Contents

Poster promoting monetary donation to the United Charities Campaign Drive.

1 item

United China Relief, undated. 5 item.
Mapcase C5-A-6 Folder F13
Scope and Contents

Posters encouraging donations in aid of China.

5 item

United States Army, 1941-1942. 11 item.
Mapcase C5-A-6 Folder F14
Scope and Contents

Folder contains recruitment posters aimed at young men, a poster encouraging war manufacturing and production, a poster depicting the radio as "the nerve system of the army", and “news-map” poster containing information about the Pacific, European, African, and Russian fronts (front and back of the same piece). Other posters reference the Coastal Defense Force.

11 item

United States Army - Air Forces, 1942, undated. 6 item.
Mapcase C5-A-6 Folder F15
Scope and Contents

Themes of posters include recruitment; scrapping; patriotism; military air planes; and recruitment of air mechanics. Artists: Spezio, Dan V. Smith, Albro F Downe, Ivan Dmitri, and Fischer.

6 item

United States Army - Women's Army Auxiliary Corps., undated. 5 item.
Mapcase C5-A-6 Folder F16
Scope and Contents

Posters encouraginge recruitment of women. Artists Alfred F. Downe, Michael Ramus, and Dan Smith.

5 item

United States Marines, undated. 2 item.
Mapcase C5-A-6 Folder F17
Scope and Contents

Posters urging men to join the Marines to fly fighter planes or be part of the infantry. Artists: Vic Guinness (USMC). Folder includes US Navy recruiting poster from Philadelphia.

2 item

Unidentified issuing body , 1942. 1 item.
Mapcase C5-A-7 Folder F18
Scope and Contents

Poster encouraging American families to scrap paper, metals, rags, and rubber.

1 item

War Production Board, 1942. 5 item.
Mapcase C5-A-6 Folder F19
Scope and Contents

Posters encouraging increases in production of war materials. Images depict men holding weapons and discussing the quality of their American-made vechicles or planes. Several posters are dated 1942. Artists: Jarrett Prince, Riggs.

5 item

Print, Suggest