Main content

World War I posters collection

Notifications

Held at: University of Delaware Library Special Collections [Contact Us]181 South College Avenue, Newark, DE 19717-5267

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the University of Delaware Library Special Collections. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.

Overview and metadata sections

The World War I posters collection consists of 300 posters and broadsheets from the United States, France, Germany, and Great Britain and covers the period from 1914-1920, extending into the post-war era.

The posters reflect the concerns of a country at war and recruitment; wartime production; conscription; public health; food and material rationing; war loans; war work; and morale, both on the battlefield and on the home front. Post-war issues including unemployment, the war-wounded, and the care of widows and orphans are also represented.

The collection is arranged into two series: I. American posters and II. European posters. Within each series, the posters are arranged by issuing body or agency.

Languages present in this collection include: English, Welsh, Lettish, Polish, Italian, Russian, Lithuanian, Hebrew, French, and German.

Series I. American posters, comprises the majority of the collection and contains posters representing and encouraging support for United States military, civic, and economic initiatives primarily between 1916 and 1919, which included War stamps and multiple Liberty Loan Drives; food rationing and substitution; fundraising and associated events; fuel rationing; enlistment and conscription; national morale; and wartime manufacturing and production. Highlights of the series include multilingual posters soliciting American immigrants for recruitment in the armed forces; posters promoting corn and cottage cheese as appropriate substitutes for wheat and meat; and advertisements for “smileage” books that contained entertainment and movie tickets coupons for troops. Items of local and regional interest include a Philadelphia recruiting poster for the Marines and several posters featuring artwork by Philadelphia artist Joseph Pennell (1857-1926).

Series II. European posters, contains posters addressing concerns regarding French, German, and British battlefronts and home fronts between 1914 and 1920, including food access and pricing; conscription and enlistment; education; legal issues regarding orphans; veteran disabilities; survivors' benefits; and postwar rebuilding efforts. The series consists of forty-nine French posters, forty-five German posters, and twenty-nine British posters. Highlights of the series include speeches from French and German politicians reproduced on posters; French posters announcing the conscription of pigeons, automobiles, horses, and mules; and a poster issued by Buckingham Palace regarding recruitment and written in Welsh.

Series I. F1-F33: Shelved in SPEC MSS oversize mapcases

Series II. F1-F30: Shelved in SPEC MSS oversize mapcases

Removals: Shelved in SPEC MSS oversize boxes (18 inches)

Processed by Margaret Molnar and Max Yela, 1988-1989. Updated and encoded by Rachel Eskridge and Benjamin Kern, March-April, 2016. Updated by Dustin Frohlich, May 2016.

Publisher
University of Delaware Library Special Collections
Access Restrictions

Use of materials from this collection beyond the exceptions provided for in the Fair Use and Educational Use clauses of the U.S. Copyright Law may violate federal law. Permission to publish or reproduce isrequired from the copyright holder. Please contact Special Collections Department, University of Delaware Library, https://library.udel.edu/static/purl.php?askspec

Use Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Collection Inventory

Scope and Contents

Series I. American posters, contains posters representing and encouraging support for United States military, civic, and economic initiatives primarily between 1916 and 1919, which included War stamps and multiple Liberty Loan Drives; food rationing and substitution; fundraising and associated events; fuel rationing; enlistment and conscription; national morale; and wartime manufacturing and production. Highlights of the series include multilingual posters soliciting American immigrants for recruitment in the armed forces; posters promoting corn and cottage cheese as appropriate substitutes for wheat and meat; and advertisements for “smileage” books that contained entertainment and movie tickets coupons for troops. Items of local and regional interest include a Philadelphia recruiting poster for the Marines and several posters featuring artwork by Philadelphia artist Joseph Pennell (1857-1926).

American Library Association, 1918 November 11. 5 item.
Mapcase C5-A-4 Folder F1
Scope and Contents

Posters include advertisement of ALA services and requests for donations as part of the United War Work Campaign week of 1918 November 1111/11/18. Artist: Sheridan. Printer: American Litho. Co., New York.

5 item

Atlantic Refining Company, undated. 1 item.
Mapcase C5-A-4 Folder F2
Scope and Contents

Poster encouraging conserverationsaving of gasoline.

1 item

Boston Public Safety Committee, undated. 1 item.
Mapcase C5-A-4 Folder F3
Scope and Contents

Poster advocating naval enlistment.

1 item

Boys' Working Reserve, undated. 1 item.
Mapcase C5-A-4 Folder F4
Scope and Contents

Poster promoting Boys' Working Reserve's role in combatting world famine. Printer: Thomsen-Ellis Co., Baltimore.

1 item

Committee on Public Safety, undated. 1 item.
Mapcase C5-A-4 Folder F5
Scope and Contents

Anti-Prussian propaganda poster.

1 item

Committee on Public Information and Department of Labor, undated. 1 item.
Mapcase C5-A-4 Folder F6
Scope and Contents

Poster listing draft ages.

1 item

Cuyahoga County War Savings Committee, undated. 1 item.
Mapcase C5-A-4 Folder F7
Scope and Contents

Poster listing 158 thrift stamp slogans.

1 item

Directory of Military Enlistment of Massachusetts, 1916. 7 item.
Mapcase C5-A-4 Folder F8
Scope and Contents

Posters aimed at the enlistment of immigrants during 1916. Posters ar printed in Italian, Russian, Lettish, Polish, Lithuanian, Hebrew, and German.

7 item

Federal Fuel Administration, undated. 6 item.
Mapcase C5-A-4 Folder F9
Scope and Contents

Posters encouraging increased fuel production and conservation of coal and gasoline. Artists: Ray Greenleaf and F. Sindelar. Printer: Ketterlinus, Phila., Latham Litho. & Ptg. Co., Brooklyn.

6 item

Liberty Loan Committee -- 2nd Liberty Loan, 1917. 3 item.
Mapcase C5-A-4 Folder F10
Scope and Contents

Posters for the second Liberty Loan of 1917 encouraging the public to invest in the war. Artists: Eugenie De Land, Dewey, and Dan Sayre Groesbeck. Printers: Ketterlinus, Phila., T.F. Moore Co., and Sackett & Wilhelms Corp., NY., American Litho. Co.

3 item

National Catholic War Council, 1918. 1 item.
Mapcase C5-A-4 Folder F11
Scope and Contents

Poster promoting council's work for the United War Work Campaign, during the week of 1918 November 11/11/18. Artist: Burton Rice. Printer: American Lithographic Co., NY.

1 item

St. Louis Chamber of Commerce, undated. 1 item.
Mapcase C5-A-4 Folder F12
Scope and Contents

Poster encouraging sale of Liberty Bonds.

1 item

US Children's Bureau and Woman's Committee of the Council of National Defense, 1918-1919. 1 item.
Mapcase C5-A-4 Folder F13
Related Materials

Poster promoting Children's Year, April 1918-1919. Artist: F. Luis Mora. Printer: The W.F. Powers Co., NY.

1 item

United States Department of Agriculture, 1917. 2 item.
Mapcase C5-A-4 Folder F14
Scope and Contents

Poster encouraging the substitution of cottage cheese and corn products for meat, wheat, and sugar, during 1917.

2 item

United States Department of Labor, undated. 9 item.
Mapcase C5-A-4 Folder F15
Scope and Contents

Posters encouraging increased work production and morale as part of war effort, as well as the hiring of veterans post-Armistice. Artist: Gerrit A. Beneker. Printer: A Hoens & Co. Litho, Baltimore.

9 item

United States Department of Labor, undated. 10 item.
Mapcase C5-A-4 Folder F15a
Scope and Contents

Posters encouraging increased work production and morale as part of war effort, as well as the hiring of veterans.

10 item

United States Treasury Department, undated. 6 item.
Mapcase C5-A-4 Folder F16
Scope and Contents

Posters promoting war savings pledges and stamps. Artists: H. Druitt Welsh, Haskell Coffin, Charles Livingston Bull, A.A.P. Printers: Government Printing Office; Sackett & Wilhelms Corp., NY; American Lithograph Company; Ketterlinus, Philadelphia, United States

6 item

United States Treasury Department, 1917. 7 item.
Mapcase C5-A-4 Folder F16a
Scope and Contents

Posters urging the public to invest in Third Liberty Loan of 1917. Artists: John Norton, Sindey Riesenberg. Printers: The Strobridge Litho., Cincinnati and New York, Ketterlinus, Phila., Heywood Strasser & Voight Litho., Sackett & Wilhelms Corp., United States Printing and Litho.

7 item

Victory Liberty Loan Committee and Women's Liberty Loan, 1918. 1 item.
Mapcase C5-A-4 Folder F17
Scope and Contents

Poster promoting investment in Victory Liberty Loan drive of 1918. Artist: J.M.H. Printer: Sackett & Wilhelms Corp., NY.

1 item

War Chest, undated. 2 item.
Mapcase C5-A-4 Folder F18
Scope and Contents

Posters urging contributions to war chest and increased morale at home . Artists: Kidder and B.A. Osnis.

2 item

Liberty Loan Committee, undated . 9 item.
Mapcase C5-A-5 Folder F19
Scope and Contents

Posters urging public to invest in the Liberty Loan. Artists: Sidney H. Riesenberg, J. Allen St. John, Joseph Pennell, J. L. Grosse, E. M. Ashe Printers: Ketterlinus, Philadelphia; Edwards and Deutsch Litho., Chicago; Brett Litho., New York; Heywood, Strasser, & Voigt Litho., New York; The W. F. Powers Co. Litho., New York.

9 item

Liberty Loan Committee, undated . 8 item.
Mapcase C5-A-4 Folder F19a
Scope and Contents

Posters urging the public to invest in the Liberty Loan. Artists: J. Allen St. John, Walter Whitehead, Printers: Ketterlinus, Philadelphia; Manz Engraving Co., Chicago.

8 item

Liberty Loan Committee -- Third Liberty Loans, 1917. 6 item.
Mapcase C5-A-5 Folder F20
Scope and Contents

Posters urging public to invest in Third Liberty Loan of 1917. Artists: Herbert Paus, Henry Raleigh, Laurence Harris, Stern, R.C. Boswell, Howard Chandler Christy. Printers: Edwards and Deutsch Litho., Chicago, Sackett and Wilhelms Corp., Capital Publishing, Inc., Forbes, Boston.

6 item

Liberty Loan Committee -- Third Liberty Loans, 1917. 6 item.
Mapcase C5-A-5 Folder F20a
Scope and Contents

Posters urging public to invest in Third Liberty Loan of 1917.

6 item

Liberty Loan Committee -- Fourth Liberty Loans, 1918. 9 item.
Mapcase C5-A-5 Folder F21
Scope and Contents

Posters advertising Fourth Liberty Loan of 1918. Artists: Ellsworth Young, Joseph Pennell, C. Le Roy Baldridge, F. Strothman, J. Scott Williams . Printing Company: The United States Printing & Lithograph Company, New York, Alco-Grayure Inc., New York, Robert Gair Co., Brooklyn, Forbes Printing. Boston, Commercial Printing & Lithographic Co, Akron., Donaldson Litho. Co. New Port, Kentucky, Ketterlinus, Philadelphia,

9 item

Military Entertainment Council, undated. 1 item.
Mapcase C5-A-4 Folder F22

1 item

Red Cross, undated. 5 item.
Mapcase C5-A-5 Folder F23
Scope and Contents

Artists: Haskell Coffin, Howard Chandler Christy Printers: Forbes, Boston.

5 item

Red Cross, 1918-1919. 12 item.
Mapcase C5-A-4 Folder F23a
Scope and Contents

Posters advertising fund drives during 1918 and 1919, including third and fourth Red Cross Roll Calls, Christmas Roll Call 1918 December 16 -23, and the War Fund Week 1918 May 20-27. Artists: A. M. Upjohn, Jessie Wilcox Smith, A. E. Foringer, C. H. Blashfield, L. Mielziner, Ray Greenleaf, W. T. Benda. Printers: Forbes, Boston; U. S. Prtinting and Litho., New York; Niagara Litho., New York.

12 item

Signal Corps (United States Army) and the Committee on Public Information, undated. 1 item.
Mapcase C5-A-5 Folder F24
Scope and Contents

Poster advertising war film

Ships for Uncle Sam. Artist: Joseph Pennell. Printer: Ketterlinus, Philadelphia.

1 item

United States Food Administration, undated. 7 item.
Mapcase C5-A-5 Folder F25
Scope and Contents

Posters urging the saving of food and substitution of foods, such as corn for wheat and sugar. Also, two posters in Italian and Polish urging the saving of food. Artists: F. Louis Moar, George Illian, Harvey Dunn, William Crawford Young. Printers: Wynkoop, Hallenbeck, Crawford Co.; The W. F. Powers Co. Litho., New York; Latham Litho. & Printing Co., Brooklyn; Strobridge Litho. Co., Cincinnati.

7 item

United States Food Administration, undated. 11 item.
Mapcase C5-A-4 Folder F25a
Scope and Contents

Artists: Adolph Treidler, A Hendee, George Illian, L. C. Clinker & M. J. Dwyer, Lloyd Harrison, William McKee. Printers: M. B. Brown Printing Co., New York; Heywood Strasser & Voight Litho. Co., New York; Edwards Deutsch Litho. Co., Chicago; Latham Litho & Printing Co., Brooklyn; Harrison & Landauer Inc., Baltimore; Forbes, Baltimore.

11 item

United States Marines, undated. 3 item.
Mapcase C5-A-5 Folder F26
Scope and Contents

Posters for recruitment. Two are specifically from Philadelphia. Artists: James Montgomery Flagg and Adolph Treidler.

3 item

United States Navy, undated. 3 item.
Mapcase C5-A-5 Folder F27
Scope and Contents

Posters for recruitment and donations of binoculars. Artists: Henry Reuterdahl, Howard Chandler Christy, Gordon Grant. Printers: Sackett & Wilhelms Corporation, New York.

3 item

United States Shipping Emergency Fleet Corporation, undated. 7 item.
Mapcase C5-A-5 Folder F28
Scope and Contents

Posters encouraging increased production and teamwork for the war. Artists: James H. Daugherty, Adolph Treidler, Hibberd V. B. King, Jonas Lie, Krieg Hoff. Printers: Alpha Litho. Co. Inc., New York; Thomas-Ellis Co., Batlimore; W. F. Powers Co. Litho., New York.

7 item

United States Shipping Emergency Fleet Corporation, undated. 5 item.
Mapcase C5-A-5 Folder F28a
Scope and Contents

Artists: H Giles, James Montgomery Flagg, Joseph Pennell, George Hand Wright, Fred J. Hoertz. Printers: John H. Eggers Co., New York; W. F. Powers Co. Litho., New York; Ketterlinus, Philadelphia; Forbers, Boston.

5 item

United War Work Campaign, 1918. 1 item.
Mapcase C5-A-6 Folder F29
Scope and Contents

Poster encourages participation in War Camp Community Service as part of 1918 War Work Campaign. Artist: M. Leone Bracker.

1 item

Victory Liberty Loan Committee, 1918. 6 item.
Mapcase C5-A-6 Folder F30
Scope and Contents

Poster urging investment in Victory Liberty Loan of 1918. Artists: Alfred Everitt Orr, Gerrit A. Beneker. Printers: American Litho. Co.; Edwards & Deutsch, Chicago; Ketterlinus, Philadelphia; Strobridge Co., Cincinnati.

6 item

Victory Liberty Loan Committee, undated. 5 item.
Mapcase C5-A-6 Folder F30a
Scope and Contents

Artists: Clyde Forsyth, Howard Chandler Christy, L. A. Shafer. Printers: Forbes, Boston; The W. F. Powers Co. Litho., New York.

5 item

YMCA, 1918. 2 item.
Mapcase C5-A-6 Folder F31
Scope and Contents

Poster advertising YMCA National Campaign during 1918 November 11-19, 1918. Artists: John F. Butler. Printer: Globe Litho. Co., New York.

2 item

YWCA, undated. 1 item.
Mapcase C5-A-6 Folder F32
Scope and Contents

Poster advertisinges "houses for cheer" for French women as part of the United War Work Campaign. Artist: Lucien Jonas.

1 item

Anonymously Issued, 1917. 2 item.
Mapcase C5-A-6 Folder F33
Scope and Contents

One poster advertises "Wake Up America Day" on 1917 April 19, 1917. The other discusses the actions of the S.S. Mongolia on April 19, when it sank a German U-Boat. Artist: James Montgomery Flagg.

2 item

Scope and Contents

Series II. European posters, contains posters addressing concerns regarding French, German, and British battlefronts and home fronts between 1914 and 1920, including food access and pricing; conscription and enlistment; education; legal issues regarding orphans; veteran disabilities; survivors' benefits; and postwar rebuilding efforts. The series consists of forty-nine French posters, forty-five German posters, and twenty-nine British posters. Highlights of the series include speeches from French and German politicians reproduced on posters; French posters announcing the conscription of pigeons, automobiles, horses, and mules; and a poster issued by Buckingham Palace regarding recruitment and written in Welsh.

Kreigsausschuss fur Warme Unterkleidung, 1915 December. 1 item.
Mapcase C5-A-7 Folder F1
Scope and Contents

"Proclamation to the Men and Women of Berlin."

1 item

Magistrat der Koniglichen Haupt-und Residenzstadt, 1916-1920. 11 item.
Mapcase C5-A-7 Folder F2
Scope and Contents

German municipal notices. Dates range from March 1916 to the winter of 1920.

11 item

Magistrat der Koniglichen Haupt-und Residenzstadt, 1916-1917. 11 item.
Mapcase C5-A-7 Folder F2a
Scope and Contents

Posters discuss war time rules, regulations, and pricing of goods.

11 item

Magistrat der Koniglichen Haupt-und Residenzstadt, 1916-1917. 10 item.
Mapcase C5-A-7 Folder F2b
Scope and Contents

Posters discuss expropriation in Germany.

10 item

Magistratskommissar fur Kriegshinterbiebensursorge, 1919 November. 1 item.
Mapcase C5-A-7 Folder F3
Scope and Contents

Poster discussing war survivor benefits.

1 item

Magistrat Kommissar für Militärangelegenheiten, 1915-1917. 3 item.
Mapcase C5-A-7 Folder F4

3 item

Milchversorgungsftelle Groß-Berlin, 1916 August 31. 1 item.
Mapcase C5-A-7 Folder F5
Scope and Contents

Poster discussing Germany's milk supply.

1 item

Der Ober prasident, 1917. 1 item.
Mapcase C5-A-7 Folder F6
Scope and Contents

Poster discussing the new regulations on the maximum price of milk in Germany.

1 item

Der Polizei-Prasident, 1917. 2 item.
Mapcase C5-A-7 Folder F7
Scope and Contents

Poster discussinges the new regulations on the maximum price of milk in Germany.

2 item

Preisprüfungsftelle Groß Berlin, 1917 July - 1917 August. 3 item.
Mapcase C5-A-7 Folder F8
Scope and Contents

Posters discussing price check points in Germany.

3 item

Steuerdeputation des Magistrats, 1919 October 10 . 1 item.
Mapcase C5-A-4 Folder F9
Scope and Contents

Poster discusses upcoming taxes.

1 item

Buckingham Palace, 1916. 3 item.
Mapcase C5-A-8 Folder F10
Scope and Contents

Two recruitment posters and notice of a bank holiday in 1916. One poster in Welsh.

3 item

British Parliamentary and Joint Labor Recruting Committee, 1915-1916. 6 item.
Mapcase C5-A-7 Folder F11
Scope and Contents

Posters promoting enlistment and conveying draft information.

6 item

Parliamentary War Recruiting Committee, 1914. 4 item.
Mapcase C5-A-7 Folder F12
Scope and Contents

Posters urging enlistment.

4 item

Parliamentary War Recruiting Committee, undated. 12 item.
Mapcase C5-A-7 Folder F12a
Scope and Contents

Posters soliciting enlistment for men over the age of 18 and under the age of 41 in the last days of voluntary enlistment in the United Kingdom.

12 item

British Parliamentary War Savings Committee, 1915. 4 item.
Mapcase C5-A-7 Folder F13
Scope and Contents

Posters promoting investment in war loan.

4 item

Association Nationale des Mutiles de la Guerre, undated. 1 item.
Mapcase C5-A-8 Folder F14
Scope and Contents

Poster describing the difficulties of disabled war veterans and encouraging the disabled to rally behind the cause of the Association Nationale Multiles de la Guerre.

1 item

Association Nationale Francaise pour la Protection des Familles de Morts pour la Patrie, 1915 February - 1915 March. 1 item.
Mapcase C5-A-8 Folder F15
Scope and Contents

Poster discussing war orphans.

1 item

Chambre des Deputes, 1915-1917. 4 item.
Mapcase C5-A-8 Folder F16
Scope and Contents

Speeches from members of the Chamber of Deputies: Minister of Finance, Ribot, President of Council; Minister of Affairs, Aristide Briand; President of the Chamber of Deputies, Paul Deschanel.

4 item

Le Comite Departmental d'action pour l' armement, undated. 1 item.
Mapcase C5-A-7 Folder F17
Scope and Contents

Poster urging public support of the war and soldiers.

1 item

Conseil des Ministres, 1914. 1 item.
Mapcase C5-A-8 Folder F18
Scope and Contents

Poster containing speech by Aristide Briand, 1914 December 22.

1 item

Conseil Municipal de Paris, 1914-1916. 2 item.
Mapcase C5-A-8 Folder F19
Scope and Contents

Folder contains poster encouraging national solidarity in the war and an additional poster encouraging people to pay homage at the funeral of General Gallieni.

2 item

Le Devoir Social, undated. 1 item.
Mapcase C5-A-8 Folder F20
Scope and Contents

Poster encouraging donation to rebuilding efforts.

1 item

Le General Commandant en Cheft les Armees Franciais du Nord et Nord-est, 1917 March 15. 1 item.
Mapcase C5-A-7 Folder F21
Scope and Contents

Poster includes information regarding the three zones of the French Army, general observations about troop movement, operations near the line of demarcation, and articles about troop regulations. The information is drawn, “From the pen of Commander General of the French Armies North and North East, R. Nivelle.”

1 item

Le Gouvernement Militaire de Paris, 1914. 1 item.
Mapcase C5-A-8 Folder F22
Scope and Contents

Poster contains notice to the populace regarding train schedules through the military zone.

1 item

Ministre de la Guerre, undated. 3 item.
Mapcase C5-A-8 Folder F23
Scope and Contents

Poster includes regulations regarding movement in military zones and travel permits, a speech by Raoul Péret (Minister of War), and an announcement regarding commercial transport.

3 item

Le Ministre de l'Interieur, 1914-1916. 4 item.
Mapcase C5-A-8 Folder F24
Scope and Contents

Posters includes speeches by Raymond Poincare and one speech by Malvy regarding burn victims and families of deceased war veterans.

4 item

Ministre des Affaires Etrangers, 1916 September 14. 1 item.
Mapcase C5-A-8 Folder F25
Scope and Contents

Poster contains speech by Rene Viviani.

1 item

Le Ministre du Ravitaillment general et des Transports maritimes, 1917. 1 item.
Mapcase C5-A-7 Folder F26
Scope and Contents

Poster contains government decree regarding the manufacture and sale of flour, ordered by R. Poincare on 1917 May 3.

1 item

Prefecture de la Seine, 1915-1918. 8 item.
Mapcase C5-A-8 Folder F27
Scope and Contents

Posters pertaining to rationing (sugar, bread, and coal), requestitioning (automobiles and homing pigeons in 1916-1917), war damages (dated 1915 an 1918), and the examination of adjourned school classes.

8 item

Prefecture de la Seine, 1914-1917. 4 item.
Mapcase C5-A-8 Folder F27a
Scope and Contents

Posters pertaining to the formation of the class of 1918, conscription of the horses, home maintenance, human waste disposal, and reducing consumption prevention.

4 item

Prefecture de Police, undated. 5 item.
Mapcase C5-A-7 Folder F28
Scope and Contents

Posters pertaining to production and distribution of domestic products, sugar allocation for prisoners of war, sale and consumption of meat, consumption of foodstuffs, consumption of gas and electricity, and the display of food price.

5 item

Senate, undated. 4 item.
Mapcase C5-A-8 Folder F29
Scope and Contents

Posters contain information regarding Senate speeches pertaining to the twelfth provinces, increases on annuity borrowing rates, and projects pertaining to war orphans.

4 item

Senate, 1914-1917. 6 item.
Mapcase C5-A-8 Folder F29a
Scope and Contents

Folder includes poster with speeches of the Senate President Antonin Dubost to the assembly.

6 item

Volontariat du Travail pour les Etrangers et les Etrangeres, 1917 July. 1 item.
Mapcase C5-A-8 Folder F30
Scope and Contents

Poster contains appeal to foreign French colonies for aid.

1 item

Print, Suggest