Held at: Friends Historical Library of Swarthmore College [Contact Us]500 College Avenue, Swarthmore, Pennsylvania 19081
This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held at the Friends Historical Library of Swarthmore College. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in their reading room, and not digitally available through the web.
Overview and metadata sections
The Convention of Delegates was an association of seven Hicksite Yearly Meetings who managed Indian affairs in the Northern Superintendency during the period of President U.S. Grant's "Peace Policy." In 1867, a conference was held in Baltimore of the Indian Committees of Baltimore, Philadelphia, New York, Genesee, Ohio, and Indiana Yearly Meetings, which sent a memorial to the Government expressing willingness to serve with the Indians in the West.
In 1869, President U.S. Grant announced his "Peace Policy." Hicksite Friends were given control of the Northern Superintendency. This area covered most of the present State of Nebraska, including seven tribes on six reservations with an Indian population of about 6,000.
General conferences were attended by delegates of six Hicksite Yearly Meetings (seven when Illinois was organized in 1875) to consider the various problems throughout the period of active participation with the Government. In 1871, the Convention decided to appoint a Central Executive Committee to represent the Yearly Meetings in the intervals between the general conferences. B. Rush Roberts was Secretary of this body, and Dillwyn Parrish succeeded him. Samuel M. Janney was placed in charge as Superintendent of Indian Affairs in the Northern Superintendency.
When he retired in the fall of 1871, he was replaced by Barclay White of New Jersey. In 1876, White received orders from the Commissioner of Indian Affairs to close his office, ostensibly for financial reasons. Friends who continued as Indian Agents reported directly to the Commissioner in Washington. With government approval, the Conference named Barclay White as Friends Special Indian Agent to periodically visit and inspect the reservations from 1877 to 1878.
The decline of participation in the Convention was relative to the decreasing role of Hicksite Friends in the management of the Northern Superintendency. The official relationship of the Society of Friends with the Federal Government deteriorated after the election of Hayes in 1877. Between 1877 and 1882, the reform efforts of the Department of the Interior, which intended to reassert government, produced numerous investigations, and all but one of the Quaker Agents resigned. By 1885, Quaker assistance and oversight was limited to the Santee Sioux Agency.
This collection contains the records of the Executive Committee of the Convention of Delegates from the Seven Yearly Meetings (Hicksite) Indian Affairs, 1869-1884. In includes correspondence and reports of Indian agents, extracts from minutes and reports, financial records, legislative documents, and printed materials published by the convention. Persons represented include William Burgess, John G. Gasmann, Albert L. Green, Samuel M. Janney, M.B. Kent, Thomas Lightfoot, William H. Macy, Dillwyn Parrish, B. Rush Roberts, Joseph Webster, Barclay White, and Howard White.
The collection is organized into 6 series. The series are:
- Financial Records
For current information on the location of materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.
Donor: Mount Holly Monthly Meeting
Date: before 1940
Received before 1940. Ser.6 (only) received with Mount Holly Monthly Meeting records
Catalogued and stored in Record Group 4. Refoldered, 1988.
Gray's New Map of Hampton [VA], 1878 has been transferred to MAPS-H
- Friends Historical Library of Swarthmore College
- Finding Aid Author
- FHL staff
- Finding Aid Date
- Encoding made possible by a grant by the Gladys Kriebel Delmas Foundation to the Philadelphia Consortium of Special Collections Libraries
- Access Restrictions
Collection is open for research.
The collection is open for research.
- Use Restrictions
Friends Historical Library believes all of the items in this collection to be in the Public Domain in the United States, and is not aware of any restrictions on their use. However, the user is responsible for making a final determination of copyright status before reproducing. See http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/NoC-US/1.0/.
A.Ls.S. of members of the Central Executive Committee, Samuel Janney, Barclay White, and government officials.Physical Description
Reports of expenditures, bills, and receipts of Barclay White and members of the Executive Committee.
Most addressed to Barclay White; includes documentation of the case of Ex Agent J. W. Greist of the Otoe Agency.